IELTS ListList  Match  Spell  Previous Next  

4000 IELTS Academic Word List (10)

Back to home page of the vocabulary: 4000 IELTS Academic Word List


jail: Read
n. Syn. prison
building for confinement of persons held in lawful custody

jam: Read
v.
crush or bruise; get stuck; press tightly together

jar: Read
n. Syn. pitcher; vase
pitcher; vase; small, cylindrical container for food, normally made of glass or clay

jealous: Read
a. Syn. zealous; solicitous; vigilant
resentful or bitter in rivalry; envious

jealousy: Read
n. Syn. envy; covetousness
envy; jealous attitude or disposition

jelly: Read
n.
substance having the consistency of semi-solid foods

jeopardize: Read
v. Syn. endanger; imperil
endanger; imperil; put at risk

jerk: Read
v.
pull, or move with a sudden movement; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions

jettison: Read
v.
throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceship

jewel: Read
n. Syn. gemstone; gem
gemstone; costly ornament of precious metal or gem

jewelry: Read
n.
adornment made of precious metals, as a bracelet or ring or necklace

jog: Read
v. Syn. run
run or ride at a steady slow trot; give a push or shake to

journal: Read
n. Syn. magazine; periodical
magazine; periodical; log; diary; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred

journalism: Read
n.
profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media

journalist: Read
n.
writer for newspapers and magazines

judgement: Read
n. Syn. decision; appraisal
decision; appraisal

juice: Read
n. Syn. liquid
liquid; liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue

juicy: Read
a. Syn. succulent
full of juice; lucrative; richly interesting

jumble: Read
n. Syn. mix
assemble without order or sense; confused multitude of things; chaos; mess; mixture

junction: Read
n. Syn. connection; joint; intersection; crossing
connection; joint; intersection; crossing

jungle: Read
n. Syn. jumble
land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation; dense, confused mass

junior: Read
a.
less advanced in age than another; younger; lower in standing or in rank

jury: Read
n.
committee appointed to judge a case

justice: Read
n.
quality of being just; practical conformity to human or divine law; equity; uprightness

justifiable: Read
a.
capable of being justified, or shown to be just

justification: Read
n.
good or just reason; condition or fact of being justified

justify: Read
v. Syn. vindicate; defend
adjust the spaces between words; show to be reasonable; explain, clear away

juvenile: Read
n. Syn. youth; young
youth; adolescent; not fully grown or developed

kangaroo: Read
n.
animal that having large powerful hind legs and a long thick tail

keen: Read
a. Syn. acute; incisive
acute; incisive; sharp ; express grief verbally

kernel: Read
n. Syn. nut; core
central or vital part; most material and central part; grain or seed as of corn

kerosene: Read
n.
flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters

keyboard: Read
n.
device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer

kidnap: Read
v.
take by force or fear, and against one's will; seize and detain unlawfully and usually for ransom

kidney: Read
n.
glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body

kindle: Read
v. Syn. inspire
build or fuel a fire; cause to glow; light up; inspire

kingdom: Read
n. Syn. realm; domain; empire
rank, quality, state, or attributes of a king; royal authority; sovereign power; rule; dominion; monarchy

kneel: Read
v.
bend the knee; fall or rest on the knees

knit: Read
v.
contract into wrinkles; grow together; form into fabric by intertwining

knob: Read
n.
hard protuberance; hard swelling or rising; bunch; lump

knot: Read
n.
fastening together of one or more threads, cords, ropes; lump or loop formed in thread; ornamental tie

label: Read
n.
paper affixed to anything by inscription; slip of ribbon, parchment; writing annexed by way of addition

laborer: Read
n. Syn. worker; toiler
worker; someone who works with their hands

lace: Read
n.
delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns; rope; cord that is drawn through eyelets

lag: Read
v. Syn. delay; drag
delay; drag; the act of slowing down or falling behind

lamb: Read
n.
the young of the sheep; simple, unsophisticated person

lame: Read
a.
moving with pain or difficulty because of injury; disabled so that movement is difficult or impossible

landing: Read
n. Syn. touchdown
touchdown; act of coming down to the earth

landscape: Read
n. Syn. scenery
scenery; expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view

lane: Read
n.
passageway between fences which is not traveled as a highroad; narrow country road

lap: Read
v.
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently

lapse: Read
n.
gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; unobserved or imperceptible progress; slip or error; failing in duty

largely: Read
ad. Syn. mainly
in a large manner; for the most part; mainly

lark: Read
v.
any of various small, singing passerine birds of the family Alaudidae; one who wakes early; one who is up with the larks

laser: Read
n.
optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light

lasting: Read
a. Syn. enduring; durable
continuing or remaining for a long time; enduring; durable

latent: Read
a. Syn. dormant; hidden
present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden

lateral: Read
a. Syn. parallel; side
coming from side; situated at or extending to the side

latitude: Read
n.
freedom from normal restraints; angular distance north or south of the earth's equator

launch: Read
v. Syn. begin; originate; initiate
begin; originate; initiate; send off; take off

laundry: Read
n. Syn. washing
washing; workplace where clothes are washed and ironed

lawn: Read
n. Syn. landscape; grassland; meadow
landscape; grassland, usually tended or mowed; meadow

lay: Read
v. Syn. deposit
put into a certain place; cause to lie down; spread over a surface

layer: Read
n. Syn. tier; stratum
tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under another

layout: Read
n.
overall design of a page; plan or design of something that is laid out

leadership: Read
n. Syn. guidance; direction; authority
guidance; direction; authority; position or office of a leader

leading: Read
a. Syn. main; principal
chief; principal; having a position in the lead; foremost

leaflet: Read
n.
small leaf; leaf like organ or part

league: Read
n. Syn. association; union
association; union

leak: Read
v. Syn. seep; ooze
escape fluid from container through a hole or crack; tell anonymously; reveal

lean: Read
v.
bend or slant away from the vertical; rely for assistance or support

leap: Read
n. Syn. jump; hop
jump; hop; place jumped over or from

lease: Read
n. Syn. rent; charter
rent; charter; engage for service under a term of contract

lecture: Read
n.
teaching by giving a discourse on some subject; speech that is open to the public

legal: Read
a.
created by, permitted by law; according to the law of works

legend: Read
n.
explanatory list of symbols on a map; unverified story handed down from earlier times

legendary: Read
a. Syn. mythical; fabled
mythical; fabled; extremely well known; famous or renowned

legislation: Read
n. Syn. lawmaking
lawmaking; the act of making or enacting laws ; law enacted by a legislative body

legitimate: Read
a.
accordant with law; lawful; based on logical reasoning; reasonable

leisure: Read
n. Syn. convenience; vacancy
convenience; vacancy; freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyable activity

lengthen: Read
v. Syn. extend; elongate
extend; make or become longer

leopard: Read
n.
large feline of African and Asian forests usually having a tawny coat with black spots

lever: Read
n.
simple machine consisting of a rigid bar pivoted on a fixed point and used to transmit force

levy: Read
v. Syn. impose; collect
impose fine or tax; collect payment

liability: Read
n.
something that holds one back; state of being legally obliged and responsible

liable: Read
v. Syn. responsible; answerable
bound or obliged in law or equity

liberal: Read
a. Syn. tolerant
open-minded; tolerant; broad-mindedness; having political views favoring reform and progress

liberate: Read
v. Syn. free; discharge; release
set free, as from oppression, confinement, or foreign control; discharge; release

liberty: Read
n. Syn. freedom
state of free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another; freedom

license: Read
n. Syn. permission
official or legal permission to do or own a specified thing

lick: Read
v.
draw or pass the tongue over; pass or lap quickly and rapidly; beat thoroughly in a competition or fight

lift: Read
v. Syn. hoist; elevate
direct or carry from a lower to a higher position; raise; transport by air

light: Read
n.
brightness; something that admits illumination; source of fire; particular aspect of a situation

likelihood: Read
n.
possibility, strong probability; state of being probable

likewise: Read
ad. Syn. similarly
similarly; as well; too

limb: Read
n. Syn. arm; leg
arm; leg; any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree

limestone: Read
n.
rock consisting chiefly of calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime

limousine: Read
n.
any of various large passenger vehicles, especially a luxurious automobile; van or small bus on regular route

limp: Read
v.
walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg; move or proceed haltingly or unsteadily

line: Read
n.
thin continuous mark, as that made by a pen, pencil, or brush applied to a surface; border or boundary

linear: Read
a.
having form of a line; straight; consisting of lines; lineal

linen: Read
n.
fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant; thread made from fibers of the flax plant

liner: Read
n.
vessel belonging to a regular line of packets, as ship or plane

linger: Read
v. Syn. dawdle
be slow in leaving; continue or persist; stay

linguistics: Read
n.
humanistic study of language and literature

link: Read
v.
be or become joined or united; connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces

liquid: Read
n. Syn. fluid; juice
fluid; juice; substance in fluid state

liquor: Read
n.
any liquid, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice; alcoholic or spirituous fluid

list: Read
v. Syn. tilt
lean or cause to lean to the side; lean over; itemize

literacy: Read
n.
reading and writing; ability to read and write

literal: Read
a.
according to the letter or verbal expression; exactly as stated

literally: Read
ad.
with meaning; word for word; letter by letter

literary: Read
a.
knowledgeable about literature; of or relating to or characteristic of literature

literate: Read
a. Syn. educated; schooled
educated; schooled; one who can read and write

literature: Read
n.
imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value; art or occupation of a literary writer

litter: Read
v.
make untidy by discarding rubbish carelessly; scatter about

livelihood: Read
n. Syn. subsistence; sustenance
subsistence; financial means whereby one lives

lively: Read
a. Syn. busy; energetic; vigorous
busy; energetic; vigorous

liver: Read
n.
large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in upper right chest

livestock: Read
n.
any animals kept for use or profit

load: Read
n. Syn. burden; duty
burden; something which is laid on or put in anything for conveyance; quantity which can be carried or drawn in some specified way

loaf: Read
n.
any thick lump, mass, or cake, especially, a large regularly shaped or molded mass, as of bread

loan: Read
n.
give temporarily; temporary provision of money

lobby: Read
n. Syn. hall; room
a group of people who try to influence legislation; hall; room; a large entrance or reception room or area

lobster: Read
n.
any large macrurous crustacean used as food

locality: Read
n. Syn. place; district
place; district; surrounding or nearby region; particular neighborhood

locate: Read
v. Syn. find; monitor; settle
find; monitor; settle; determine or specify the position or limits o

location: Read
n. Syn. scene; site; spot
scene; site; place where something is or could be located

lock: Read
n.
strand or cluster of hair; fastening together; a closing of one thing upon another; device operated by a key

locomotive: Read
n.
of or relating to locomotion; a wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled engine

locust: Read
n.
any one of numerous species of long-winged, migratory insects, of the family Acrididae

lodge: Read
n.
small house on the grounds of an estate or a park, used by a caretaker or gatekeeper

lodging: Read
n. Syn. accommodation
accommodation; lodging

lofty: Read
a.
high, tall, having great height; idealistic, implying over-optimism

log: Read
n. Syn. wood
record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activities

logic: Read
n.
reasoned and reasonable judgment; a system of reasoning

logical: Read
a. Syn. coherent; reasonable
reasonable; based on known statements or events or conditions

longevity: Read
n.
long life; great duration of life; long duration or continuance, as in an occupation

longitude: Read
n.
an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles

loom: Read
v. Syn. appear; emerge
appear or take shape, usually in enlarged or distorted form

loop: Read
v. Syn. circle; ring
circle; ring; move in loops; make a loop in; join with a loop

loose: Read
a. Syn. unstable; weak
unbound; untied; not attached, fastened, fixed, or confined

loosen: Read
v.
make loose or looser; make less severe or strict

lose: Read
v.
fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have; be deprived of; fail to win

lottery: Read
n.
scheme for distribution of prizes by chance; gaming in which tickets bearing particular numbers draw prizes

lounge: Read
n.
public room with seating where people can wait; living room; lobby

low: Read
v. Syn. moo
utter sound made by cattle; make a low noise

loyal: Read
a.
steadfast in allegiance or duty; faithful to a person, ideal, custom, cause, or duty

lubricate: Read
v.
make smooth or slippery

lumber: Read
v.
move heavily or clumsily; cut down timber of

luminous: Read
a. Syn. shining
shining; emitting light, especially emitting self-generated light

lump: Read
n.
a small mass of matter of irregular shape; irregular or shapeless mass; small cube of sugar

lunar: Read
a.
pertaining to the moon; affecting the moon

luxurious: Read
a. Syn. sumptuous; lavish
rich and superior in quality; lavish

luxury: Read
n. Syn. opulence; extravagance
something that is an indulgence rather than necessity; excessively expensive