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4000 IELTS Academic Word List (2)

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baby-sitter: Read
n.
person engaged to care for children when the parents are not home

bachelor: Read
n.
unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges

backbone: Read
n. Syn. support; mainstay
support; mainstay; vertebrate spine or spinal column

backward: Read
a.
directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped

bacon: Read
n.
back and sides of a pig salted and smoked

bacterium: Read
n.
single celled organism with no nucleus

badge: Read
n.
distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person

badminton: Read
n.
game played on a court with light long-handled rackets

baffle: Read
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

baggage: Read
n. Syn. luggage; packing
trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one's belongings while traveling; luggage

bait: Read
v. Syn. harass; tease
harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap

bake: Read
v.
prepare, as food, by cooking in a dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal

balance: Read
n. Syn. equilibrium; symmetry; stability
being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability

balcony: Read
n.
platform projecting from the wall of a building

bald: Read
a. Syn. hairless
hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering

ballet: Read
n.
a sort of theatrical representation by dancers

balloon: Read
n.
large non-rigid bag filled with gas or heated air

ballroom: Read
n.
large room used mainly for dancing

bamboo: Read
n.
plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries

band: Read
n. Syn. orchestra; team
orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; ally

bandage: Read
n.
strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up wounds

bang: Read
n.
a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success

banker: Read
n.
person in charge of the bank in a gambling game; one who owns or is an executive in a bank

bankrupt: Read
a.
penniless, without any money; financially ruined

banner: Read
n. Syn. flag; sign
flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page

banquet: Read
n. Syn. feast
feast; entertainment of eating and drinking

bar: Read
n. Syn. caf‚
a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick

barber: Read
n. Syn. haircutter; shaver
haircutter; one whose business is to cut hair and to shave or trim beards

bare: Read
a. Syn. naked; nude
lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing

barely: Read
ad. Syn. just; only
just; only; hardly; scarcely

bargain: Read
n.
agreement between parties concerning the sale of property

barge: Read
n. Syn. flatboat
flatboat; long, large boat for transporting freight that is unpowered and towed or pushed by other craft

bark: Read
n. Syn. yelp; howl
sound made by a dog; harsh sound uttered by a dog

barn: Read
n.
an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals

barometer: Read
n.
instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere

baron: Read
n.
title or degree of nobility

barrel: Read
n. Syn. vessel
vessel; large cylindrical container

barren: Read
a. Syn. desolate
desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

barrier: Read
n. Syn. obstacle; hindrance; hurdle
obstacle; structure built to bar passage; boundary or limit

barter: Read
v. Syn. trade; exchange
trade goods or services without the exchange of money

baseball: Read
n.
game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this game

basement: Read
n. Syn. cellar
cellar; storage room

basin: Read
n.
bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquids

bathe: Read
v. Syn. lave; immerse
wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's self

batter: Read
v.
beat with successive blows; beat repeatedly and with violence

battery: Read
n.
beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; dry cell that produces electric current

bay: Read
n.
inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; small body of water set off from the main body

bazaar: Read
n.
market consisting of a street lined with shops and stalls, especially one in the Middle East

bead: Read
n. Syn. pearl; drops; droplet
small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing

beak: Read
n. Syn. nib
nib ;horny projecting mouth of a bird

beam: Read
n. Syn. rafter; brace
ray of light; long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool

bean: Read
n.
various edible seeds; small oval or roundish seed, berry, nut, or lump

bear: Read
v. Syn. support; sustain
support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support

bearing: Read
n.
carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; act of producing or giving birth

beat: Read
v. Syn. whip; strike; defeat
whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly

become: Read
v.
suit or be suitable to; be worthy of, or proper for; cause to appear well; grow or come to be

beforehand: Read
ad. Syn. previously; aforetime
in state of anticipation; in advance; by way of preparation

behalf: Read
n. Syn. represent
represent; advantage, benefit, interest of someone

behave: Read
v. Syn. perform; behave oneself
perform; conduct oneself in a proper way

behavior: Read
n. Syn. conduct; manner
conduct; manner

belly: Read
n.
part of human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb

beloved: Read
a.
greatly loved; dear to the heart

below: Read
ad. Syn. beneath; under
under, or lower in place; beneath not so high; inferior to in rank; unworthy of

bend: Read
v.
strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain point

beneath: Read
ad. Syn. below; under
lower in place, with something directly over or on; under; underneath; below

beneficial: Read
a. Syn. helpful; useful
helpful; tending to promote physical well-being

beneficiary: Read
n.
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

benefit: Read
n. Syn. welfare; gain
advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain

benevolent: Read
a. Syn. generous; charitable
generous in providing aid to others; charitable

bent: Read
a.
determined to do or have

besides: Read
ad.
over and above; separate or distinct from; in addition to; other than

bestow: Read
v. Syn. present
give as gift; present

bet: Read
n.
stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wager

betray: Read
v. Syn. reveal
be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly

beverage: Read
n. Syn. refreshment
liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshment

bewilder: Read
v. Syn. confuse
lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes

bias: Read
n. Syn. prejudice; preference
preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way

bid: Read
v.
make an offer of; propose; offer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance

bill: Read
n. Syn. invoice
invoice; act; proposal; statement or list of particulars, such as a theater program or menu

billion: Read
n.
the number that is represented as a one followed by 9 zeros

bind: Read
v. Syn. contract; cohere; stick
tie, or confine with a cord, band, or chain; make fast; contract; cohere or stick together

biographer: Read
n.
one who writes a book about somebody's life

biography: Read
n.
an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life

biologist: Read
n.
scientist who studies living organisms

bite: Read
v.
pierce skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp taste

bitter: Read
a. Syn. painful; acrid; acrimonious
harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious

bitterness: Read
n.
sharp and bitter manner

blacksmith: Read
n.
one who forges and shapes iron with a hammer and anvil

blade: Read
n.
flat part of the leaf, of any plant, especially of gramineous plants; cutting part of an instrument

blame: Read
v. Syn. condemn; rebuke
condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure

blank: Read
a.
of a white or pale color; without color; empty; void

blanket: Read
n.
heavy, loosely woven fabric, usually of wool, and having a nap, used in bed clothing

blast: Read
n. Syn. explode; burst
explode; burst; gale; very strong gust of wind or air

blaze: Read
n. Syn. flame
brilliant burst of fire; destructive fire; flame

bleach: Read
v. Syn. whiten; blanch
make white or colorless; blanch

bleed: Read
v.
emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the body

blend: Read
n. Syn. combination; mixture
combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture

bless: Read
v.
make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happy

blessing: Read
n. Syn. boon; benediction
praying for divine protection; formal act of giving approval

blink: Read
v. Syn. wink
shut eyes briefly; wink

block: Read
v. Syn. chunk
hinder; obstruct; indicate broadly without great detail; sketch

bloom: Read
n. Syn. flower; blossom
flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivity

blossom: Read
n.
reproductive organ of plants, especially one having showy or colorful parts

blot: Read
n.
spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing

blunder: Read
n. Syn. error
serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: Read
a. Syn. insensitive
having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

blush: Read
v.
become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame

board: Read
n. Syn. lumber; plank
a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose

boarding: Read
n.
wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay

boast: Read
v. Syn. brag; vaunt
show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride

bodyguard: Read
n.
guard to protect or defend person; lifeguard

boil: Read
v.
be agitated; pass from a liquid to vapor when heated; be excited with passion; heat in water

bold: Read
a. Syn. brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
brave; daring; intrepid; impudent

bolt: Read
v. Syn. dash
dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly

bond: Read
n. Syn. link; tie; connection
link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty

bonus: Read
n.
an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation

bookcase: Read
n.
case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors

boom: Read
n. Syn. bonanza; prosperity
bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish

booming: Read
a.
deep and resonant; flourishing; thriving

boost: Read
v. Syn. raise; advance
raise; advance; push or shove upward

booth: Read
n.
house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure

border: Read
n.
outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundary

bore: Read
v. Syn. drill
drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill

boring: Read
a. Syn. tiresome; tedious
uninteresting and tiresome; dull

bother: Read
v. Syn. disturb; puzzle
annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster

bounce: Read
v. Syn. jolt; rebound
jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surface

bound: Read
n. Syn. limit; constraint
tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump

boundary: Read
n. Syn. border; frontier
dividing line; border; frontier

bourgeois: Read
a.
middle class; selfishly materialistic; dully conventional

bow: Read
n.
inclination of head, or bending of body for reverence, respect, civility, or submission; bending or rounded part of ship forward

bowl: Read
v.
throw or roll a ball; move quickly and smoothly, especially by rolling

boycott: Read
v.
refrain from buying or using

brace: Read
n.
something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

brain: Read
n. Syn. intelligence; intellect
organ or seat of intellect; understanding or imagination

brake: Read
n.
a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction

brand: Read
n.
burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way

breach: Read
n. Syn. violation; infringement
breaking of contract or duty

breadth: Read
n. Syn. width; extent
measure or dimension from side to side; width; extent

break: Read
n.
opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; sudden change

breakdown: Read
n.
process of failing to function or continue; sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary of itemized data

breakthrough: Read
n.
act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction

breath: Read
n.
air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration

breathe: Read
v. Syn. respire
respire; inhale and exhale air

breed: Read
v. Syn. raise; hatch; mate
raise; produce offspring; give birth to or hatch; mate

breeze: Read
n. Syn. light wind
light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly

bribe: Read
n.
something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift with a view to prevent judgment

bridle: Read
n.
headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reins

brief: Read
a.
short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise

brighten: Read
v. Syn. lighten
lighten; cheer; encourage; make or become bright or brighter

brilliance: Read
n. Syn. cleverness; magnificence
cleverness; magnificence

brilliant: Read
a.
full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone

brim: Read
n. Syn. brink; edge
brink; edge

brink: Read
n. Syn. verge; border
edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge

brisk: Read
a. Syn. energetic; swift
marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner

brittle: Read
a.
easily broken; having little elasticity

broadcast: Read
n.
message that is transmitted by radio or television; radio or television show

broaden: Read
v. Syn. widen; expand
widen; grow broad or broader

brochure: Read
n. Syn. pamphlet
pamphlet; small book usually having paper cover

bronze: Read
n.
an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

brood: Read
v.
think long and anxiously; be in a state of gloomy, serious thought

brook: Read
n. Syn. creek; stream
creek; stream

brown: Read
a.
of dark color, of various shades between black and red or yellow

bruise: Read
v.
injure, as by a blow or collision; contuse; fight with the fists

brutal: Read
a.
like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless

brute: Read
a.
not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligence

bubble: Read
n. Syn. foam
foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or belief

bucket: Read
n.
vessel for drawing up water from a well; vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain

bud: Read
n. Syn. shoot; sprout
one that is not yet fully developed; sprout

budget: Read
n. Syn. estimate
estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose

buffet: Read
n.
table with food set out for people to serve themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set out

bug: Read
n.
general name applied to various insects

bulb: Read
n.
rounded part of a cylindrical structure; electric lamp consisting of a glass ball

bulk: Read
n. Syn. majority; mass
majority; main part; volume; mass

bulky: Read
a. Syn. cumbersome; unwieldy; clumsy
of large size for its weight

bull: Read
n.
male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business conditions

bulletin: Read
n.
brief statement of facts; any public notice or announcement; a periodical publication

bullion: Read
n.
gold and silver in the form of bars

bump: Read
n. Syn. lump; bulge
impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blow

bunch: Read
n. Syn. clump; cluster; gathering
clump; cluster; gathering

bundle: Read
n. Syn. packet; parcel
packet; a package of things tied together; a large sum of money

burdensome: Read
a.
not easily borne; wearing; causing uneasiness or fatigue

bureaucracy: Read
n.
over-regulated administrative system

burial: Read
n. Syn. grave
grave or tomb; ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground

bush: Read
n. Syn. shrub
place abounding in trees or shrubs; wild forest

business: Read
n.
rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade in which a person is engaged; commercial enterprise

butcher: Read
n. Syn. slaughterer
one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty; vendor, especially on train or in theater

butter: Read
n.
oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning

butterfly: Read
n.
insect typically having a slender body with broad colorful wings

buzz: Read
n.
confusion of activity and gossip; sound of rapid vibration

bygone: Read
a.
past; gone by

bypass: Read
n.
channel used to conduct gas or liquid around another pipe or a fixture; conductor having low resistance in parallel

by-product: Read
n.
product made during the manufacture of something else