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4000 IELTS Academic Word List (3)

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cab: Read
n. Syn. taxi; taxicab
taxi; one-horse vehicle for public hire

cabin: Read
n. Syn. cottage
small room on a ship or boat where people sleep

cabinet: Read
n.
group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small room; closet

cable: Read
n.
very strong thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire

cafe: Read
n.
coffee house; restaurant where coffee and liquors are served

cafeteria: Read
n.
restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier

calculate: Read
v. Syn. compute; determine; estimate
compute; determine; estimate

calculation: Read
n.
planning something carefully and intentionally

calendar: Read
n.
orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days

calm: Read
a. Syn. placid; quiet; tranquil
freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity

calorie: Read
n.
unit of heat; unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 degree

campaign: Read
n. Syn. drive; battle
battle ;a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end

campus: Read
n.
field where the buildings of a university are situated

canal: Read
n. Syn. tube
artificial channel filled with water; tube or duct

canary: Read
n.
pale yellowish color; wine made in the Canary Islands; canary bird; quick and lively dance

cancel: Read
v. Syn. revoke
revoke; call off; omit or delete

cancellation: Read
n.
act of cancelling; calling off some arrangement

candid: Read
a. Syn. straightforward; frank
straightforward; frank; free from prejudice; impartial

candidate: Read
n.
person who is considered for something; person who seeks or is nominated for an office, prize, or honor

cane: Read
n. Syn. stick
any plant with long, hard, elastic stems; walking stick

cannon: Read
n.
great gun; firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force; loop at the top of a bell by which it is hung

canon: Read
n.
law or rule; decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by authority; books of the Bible officially accepted; a group of literary works

canteen: Read
n.
vessel used by soldiers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink; snack bar or small cafeteria, as on a military installation

canvas: Read
n.
heavy closely woven fabric; background against which events unfold, as in a historical narrative

canvass: Read
v.
determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize

capability: Read
n. Syn. capacity; skill
quality of being capable; capacity; skill

capable: Read
a. Syn. competent
having the ability required for a specific task

capacity: Read
n. Syn. volume; ability; capability
mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate

cape: Read
n.
piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment

capital: Read
n.
wealth in form of money or property; assets available for use; city that is the official seat of government

caption: Read
n. Syn. title
title; chapter heading; text under illustration

captive: Read
n.
prisoner taken by force; one kept in power of another; one charmed or subdued by beauty, excellence, or affection

capture: Read
n.
act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem

card: Read
n.
flat, rectangular piece of stiff paper, cardboard, or plastic; business card; credit card

cardinal: Read
a. Syn. chief
chief; serving as an essential component

career: Read
n. Syn. vocation; occupation
profession or occupation; individual’s work and life roles over their lifespan

careful: Read
a. Syn. deliberate; cautious
full of care; anxious; solicitous; taking care; giving good heed; watchful; cautious

careless: Read
a. Syn. negligent; heedless
negligent; taking insufficient care

cargo: Read
n. Syn. shipload; freight
freight carried by a ship, an aircraft, or another vehicle

carol: Read
n.
round dance; a song of joy; song of praise or joy, especially for Christmas

carpenter: Read
n.
skilled worker who makes, finishes, and repairs wooden objects and structures

carrier: Read
n. Syn. messenger
one that carries or conveys; messenger

carrot: Read
n.
root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow color

carry: Read
v.
convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bear

cart: Read
n.
common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagon

carton: Read
n.
pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard box

cartoon: Read
n.
design or study drawn of full size to serve as a model for transferring or copying; drawing depicting a humorous situation

carve: Read
v. Syn. cut; sculpt
cut; sculpt

carving: Read
n.
cutting away parts to create a desired shape

cash: Read
n.
money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currency

cashier: Read
n.
one who has charge of money; cash keeper

cassette: Read
n.
container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or video

cast: Read
v.
assign the roles of; choose at random

casual: Read
a. Syn. informal; purposeless; unplanned
informal; purposeless; occurring by chance

casualty: Read
n.
serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident

catalyst: Read
n. Syn. enzyme; stimulus
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged

catastrophe: Read
n. Syn. calamity; disaster
calamity; disaster; state of extreme ruin and misfortune

catch: Read
v.
capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in time

category: Read
n. Syn. group
group; class; collection of things sharing a common attribute

cater: Read
v.
supply what is needed or desired; provide food professionally for special occasion

cathedral: Read
n. Syn. church; temple
church; temple

catholic: Read
a. Syn. universal
broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Church

cause: Read
n.
something produces a result; basis for an action or response; a reason

caution: Read
n. Syn. care
care; being attentive to possible danger

cautious: Read
a. Syn. conservative; careful
conservative; careful

cavalry: Read
n.
part of military force which serves on horseback

cavern: Read
n. Syn. cave
cave; large underground chamber, as in a cave

cavity: Read
n. Syn. hole; cavern
hole; cavern; hollow area within the body

cease: Read
v. Syn. stop; terminate
stop; terminate; put an end to; discontinue

celebrate: Read
v. Syn. praise
praise; assign great social importance to

cell: Read
n.
any small compartment

cellar: Read
n.
room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground

cement: Read
n.
any substances used for making bodies adhere to each other; bond of union; concrete pavement

cemetery: Read
n. Syn. graveyard
place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard

censor: Read
n.
overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content

centigrade: Read
a.
measure of temperature, used widely in Europe

cereal: Read
n.
grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.

ceremonial: Read
n. Syn. ritual; ceremony
ritual; ceremony or rite

ceremony: Read
n. Syn. ritual; rite
formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or custom

certainty: Read
n. Syn. clearness
quality or condition of being certain; fact or truth unquestionable established; clearness

certificate: Read
n.
document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course

certify: Read
v.
give certain information to; assure; make certain

chalk: Read
n.
soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, used as a drawing implement

challenge: Read
v.
assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to

chamber: Read
n. Syn. cell; compartment; room
cell; compartment; room

champion: Read
v.
protect or fight for as first place

championship: Read
n.
status of being a champion; position or title of a winner

channel: Read
n.
passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access

chaos: Read
n. Syn. disorder
disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass

chap: Read
n.
crack, as in earth surface; splitting of skin, caused by cold or exposure; one of the jaws or cheeks; man or boy

chapter: Read
n.
division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society

character: Read
n. Syn. part; nature; personality
part; nature; description of a person's attributes, traits, or abilities

characteristic: Read
n. Syn. quality;
feature that helps to identify, tell apart, or describe recognizably; a distinguishing mark or trait

characterize: Read
v. Syn. distinguish
distinguish; be characteristic of; be a distinctive trait or mark of

charcoal: Read
n.
a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a very dark gray color

charge: Read
v.
set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fill; instruct or urge authoritatively; command

charity: Read
n.
activity or gift that benefits the public at large

charm: Read
n.
power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefit

chart: Read
n. Syn. graph; diagram
graph; diagram; map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators

charter: Read
v. Syn. license; authorize
license; authorize; hold under a lease or rental agreement of goods and services

chase: Read
v.
pursue for the purpose of killing or taking; hunt; follow as if to catch

chat: Read
n. Syn. talk
talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation

check: Read
v. Syn. control; suppress; restrict
stop motion; curb or restrain

cheer: Read
n.
lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshment

cheque: Read
n.
written order directing a bank to pay money

cherish: Read
v. Syn. harbor; treasure; value
harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear

chew: Read
v.
bite and grind with the teeth

chief: Read
a. Syn. principal
highest in office or rank; principal; head

chill: Read
a. Syn. cool
cool; freeze

chilly: Read
a. Syn. cold
cold

chin: Read
n.
central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of face

chip: Read
v.
cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crack

choke: Read
v. Syn. asphyxiate; suffocate
breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply

chop: Read
v. Syn. cut; hew
hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax

chorus: Read
n.
any utterance produced simultaneously by a group

circle: Read
n. Syn. group; society
round; something shaped like such a ring; group of people sharing an interest, activity, or achievement

circuit: Read
n.
electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow

circular: Read
a. Syn. round
round; shaped like or nearly like a circle

circulate: Read
v.
move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point

circulation: Read
n.
spread or transmission of something to a wider group or area

circumference: Read
n. Syn. perimeter; periphery
boundary line of a circle, figure, area, or object

circumstance: Read
n. Syn. situation; condition
situation; condition; detail accompanying or surrounding an event

circus: Read
n.
public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals

cite: Read
v. Syn. quote
quote; adduce as an instance

citizenship: Read
n.
status of a citizen with rights and duties

civil: Read
a. Syn. civic
having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite

civilization: Read
n. Syn. culture
culture

claim: Read
n.
demand for something as rightful or due

clamp: Read
n.
any of various devices used to join, grip, support, or compress mechanical or structural parts

clap: Read
v. Syn. applaud; slap
applaud; slap; strike together with a sharp sound, as one hard surface on another

clarification: Read
n.
process of making things clearer or easier to understand

clarify: Read
v. Syn. illuminate; elucidate
make clear and comprehensible; elucidate

clash: Read
v.
make noise by striking against something; dash noisily together; meet in opposition

clasp: Read
n.
fastening device; firm grip

classic: Read
n.
work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence

classical: Read
a.
standard and authoritative rather than new or experimental; relating to the ancient Greeks and Romans, especially art, architecture, and literature

classification: Read
n.
assigning to a class or category

classify: Read
v.
declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories

clause: Read
n. Syn. sentence; phrase
sentence; phrase; distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document

clay: Read
n.
very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired

clear: Read
ad.
out of the way; completely away

clearance: Read
n.
act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trust

clench: Read
v. Syn. grasp
close tightly; grasp or grip tightly; fasten with a clinch

client: Read
n.
someone who pays to get goods or services

clientele: Read
n.
clients of professional person; body of customers or patrons

climate: Read
n. Syn. atmosphere; environment
weather condition; atmosphere; environment

climax: Read
n.
upward movement; steady increase; the highest point; the greatest degree

cling: Read
v. Syn. stick
hold fast or adhere to something; stick together and resist separation; remain emotionally

clinic: Read
n. Syn. dispensary; infirmary
healthcare facility for outpatient care

clip: Read
n.
small section of filmed or filed material

clockwise: Read
ad.
in the direction that the hands of a clock move

closet: Read
n.
small room or apartment; room for privacy

clue: Read
n.
a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate nature

clumsy: Read
a. Syn. awkward; inept
awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude

cluster: Read
n. Syn. flowers; curls; group; bunch
group; bunch; group of the same or similar elements gathered or occurring closely

clutch: Read
v. Syn. grasp
grasp and hold tightly; attempt to grasp or seize

coach: Read
n. Syn. tutor; teacher
tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers

coarse: Read
a. Syn. rough; harsh
rough; harsh; of low, common, or inferior quality

code: Read
n.
body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words

codify: Read
v. Syn. classify
arrange laws, rules as a code; classify; arrange or systematize

coherence: Read
n.
logical and orderly and consistent relation of parts; state of cohering or sticking together

coherent: Read
a. Syn. adhesive; cohesive
adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

cohesion: Read
n. Syn. unity; solidarity
tendency to keep together

cohesive: Read
a.
cohering or tending to cohere; well integrated

coil: Read
n. Syn. ring; roll
a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes

coin: Read
v. Syn. create; invent
make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate

coinage: Read
n.
coins collectively

coincide: Read
v. Syn. correspond
occur at the same time as; correspond

coincidence: Read
n.
two or more things occurring at the same time by chance

coincident: Read
a.
concerning; simultaneous

collaborate: Read
v. Syn. cooperate
work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort

collaboration: Read
n.
act of working together; act of cooperating with an enemy, especially it occupying one's own country

collapse: Read
v.
breakdown; failure

colleague: Read
n. Syn. associate
fellow worker; associate; co-worker

collective: Read
a. Syn. common
common; assembled into or viewed as a whole

collide: Read
v.
bump; hit; conflict

collision: Read
n. Syn. crash; impact
crash; conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals

colonel: Read
n.
a commissioned military officer

colonial: Read
a.
of or relating to or characteristic of or inhabiting a colony

colony: Read
n. Syn. group; community
region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency; a community of social insects, as ants, bees

column: Read
n.
pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright body or mass

combat: Read
v. Syn. fight
struggle as with an opposing force; fight with

combination: Read
n. Syn. blend; union
blend; union

combine: Read
v. Syn. blend; fuse; merge
blend; fuse; merge

comedy: Read
n.
light and humorous drama with a happy ending

comic: Read
a. Syn. funny; ridiculous
arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorous

commander: Read
n. Syn. chief; leader
chief; leader

commandment: Read
n.
order or injunction given by authority; command; charge; act of commanding; exercise of authority

commemorate: Read
v. Syn. remember; memorialize
serve as a memorial to; honor the memory of with a ceremony

commence: Read
v. Syn. originate; start; begin
have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin

commend: Read
v.
commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard

comment: Read
v. Syn. remark; judgment
express an opinion; remark

commerce: Read
n. Syn. trade; business
trade; business; intellectual exchange or social interaction

commercial: Read
a.
money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass market

commission: Read
n.
fee for services; group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize

commit: Read
v.
do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted

commitment: Read
n.
pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

committee: Read
n.
special group delegated to consider some matter

commodity: Read
n. Syn. goods
goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.

commonplace: Read
a. Syn. ordinary; common
ordinary; having no remarkable features

commonsense: Read
a.
exhibiting native good judgment

communicate: Read
v. Syn. convey; inform; correspond
send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly

communication: Read
n.
activity of communicating; activity of conveying information

community: Read
n. Syn. society; district
society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government

compact: Read
a. Syn. compressed; condensed; concise
closely and firmly united or packed together; briefly giving gist of something

companion: Read
n. Syn. associate; partner
associate; partner

company: Read
n.
team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprise

comparable: Read
a. Syn. similar
similar or equivalent; being of equal regard; worthy to be ranked with

comparative: Read
a. Syn. relative
relative; based on, or involving comparison

comparatively: Read
ad. Syn. relatively; rather
relatively; in comparison

compare: Read
v.
examine and note the similarities or differences of

compass: Read
v.
go about or entirely round; make the circuit of; enclose on all sides; surround

compatible: Read
a. Syn. harmonious
harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

compel: Read
v.
force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force

compensate: Read
v. Syn. make up; reimburse
make amends for; reimburse

compensation: Read
n.
something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injury

compete: Read
v. Syn. vie; contest; fight
contest; fight

competent: Read
a. Syn. capable; adept
capable; adept

competition: Read
n. Syn. struggle; rivalry
struggle; rivalry; act of competing as for profit or a prize

competitive: Read
a.
of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fighting disposition

competitiveness: Read
n.
an aggressive willingness to compete

competitor: Read
n.
one who seeks what another seeks, or claims what another claims; one who competes; rival

compile: Read
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

complain: Read
v. Syn. lament
make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge

complaint: Read
n. Syn. grievance; criticism
expression of pain, dissatisfaction, or resentment; criticism

complement: Read
v. Syn. complete; consummate
complete; consummate; make perfect

complex: Read
a. Syn. intricate; compound
complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures

complexity: Read
n. Syn. complication
complication

compliance: Read
n.
readiness to yield; happy friendly agreement

complicated: Read
a. Syn. intricate; circuitous
difficult to analyze or understand

compliment: Read
n. Syn. praise; commendation
praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise

complimentary: Read
a. Syn. flattering; laudatory
expressing of praise, admiration, or congratulation; given free to repay a favor or as an act of courtesy

comply: Read
v.
yield assent; accord; agree, or acquiesce; adapt one's self; fulfill; accomplish

component: Read
n. Syn. element; ingredient
element; ingredient; abstract part of something

compose: Read
v. Syn. write; create
write; create; make or create by putting together parts or elements

composite: Read
a.
made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded

composition: Read
n. Syn. makeup; constitution
makeup; constitution; writing; essay

compound: Read
v. Syn. combine; constitute
combine; mix; constitute; pay interest; increase

comprehend: Read
v. Syn. understand; grasp
take in the meaning, nature, or importance of; grasp

comprehension: Read
n. Syn. grasp
grasp; ability to understand

comprehensive: Read
a. Syn. thorough; inclusive
thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope

compress: Read
v. Syn. squeeze; contract
close; squeeze or press together; contract

compression: Read
n.
applying pressure; encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required

comprise: Read
v. Syn. include
include; consist of; be composed of

compromise: Read
v.
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of

compulsory: Read
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

computation: Read
n. Syn. calculation
calculation

compute: Read
v. Syn. reckon; calculate
reckon; make mathematical calculation

conceal: Read
v. Syn. hide; secrete
keep from being seen, found, observed, or discovered; secrete

concede: Read
v. Syn. admit; yield
admit; yield; give up physical control of another

conceit: Read
n.
overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride

conceited: Read
a.
endowed with fancy or imagination; entertaining a flattering opinion of one's self; vain

conceive: Read
v. Syn. design; consider
form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way

concentrate: Read
v.
bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body

concept: Read
n. Syn. notion; idea
something formed in the mind; thought or notion

conception: Read
n. Syn. thought; idea
beginning; forming of an idea; act of conceiving

concern: Read
n.
interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety

concert: Read
n. Syn. harmony; accord
performance of music by players or singers not involving theatrical staging; harmony; accord

concerted: Read
a.
planned or accomplished together; combined

concession: Read
n.
act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission

concise: Read
a. Syn. succinct; terse
brief and compact; expressing much in few words

conclude: Read
v. Syn. deduce; infer
enclose; reach as an end of reasoning; make final determination ; judge or decide; bring to an end

conclusive: Read
a. Syn. definitive; decisive; final
definitive; decisive; final

concrete: Read
n. Syn. cement
solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate , and gravel

concurrent: Read
a. Syn. simultaneous; coincident
simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time

condemn: Read
v. Syn. blame; denounce
blame; denounce; express strong disapproval of

condemnation: Read
n. Syn. blame
blame

condensation: Read
n. Syn. compression
compression

condense: Read
v.
change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate

condenser: Read
n.
lens used to concentrate light on an object; an apparatus that converts vapor into liquid

condition: Read
n. Syn. situation; state; fitness
mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstances

conduct: Read
v. Syn. accompany; direct
direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide

conductor: Read
n.
a device designed to transmit electricity, heat; person who collects fares on a public conveyance

cone: Read
n.
a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point

confer: Read
v.
bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

conference: Read
n. Syn. meeting; discussion
meeting for consultation or discussion; exchange of views

confess: Read
v. Syn. acknowledge; admit
acknowledge; admit

confession: Read
n.
public declaration of faith

confide: Read
v. Syn. disclose; reveal; tell
disclose; reveal; tell in confidence

confidence: Read
n.
feeling secure or certain about something

confident: Read
a. Syn. assured
assured; having or marked by assurance

confidential: Read
a.
treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret

confine: Read
v. Syn. limit; circumscribe
restrict in movement; circumscribe

confinement: Read
n. Syn. restriction; limitation; imprisonment
state of being confined; restraint within limits; any restraint of liberty by force

confirm: Read
v. Syn. verify; corroborate
support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify

confirmation: Read
n.
additional proof that something that was believed

conflict: Read
n. Syn. fight; struggle
fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events

conform: Read
v.
comply with; follow; fit; meet

conformity: Read
n. Syn. harmony; agreement
similarity in form or character; agreement

confront: Read
v.
be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with

confrontation: Read
n.
state of being confronted, especially a meeting face to face; clash of opinions and ideas

confuse: Read
v. Syn. disorient; mix up
cause to be unable to think with clarity or act with intelligence or understanding; mix up

confusion: Read
n.
mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order

congestion: Read
n. Syn. overcrowding
act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass

congratulation: Read
n.
act of acknowledging that someone has an occasion for celebration

congress: Read
n.
meeting of elected or appointed representatives

congressman: Read
n.
man who is a member of the U.S. Congress, especially of the House of Representatives

conjunction: Read
n.
state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league

connect: Read
v. Syn. join; link; relate
join, or fasten together; associate; combine; unite or link together

connection: Read
n.
relation between things or events; shifting from one form of transportation to another

conquer: Read
v.
gain or acquire by force; take possession of by violent means; gain dominion over

conquest: Read
n.
success in mastering something difficult; one that has been captivated or overcome

conscience: Read
n.
motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgment

conscientious: Read
a. Syn. diligent; responsible; reliable
diligent; responsible; reliable

conscious: Read
a. Syn. awake
awake; alert

consciousness: Read
n.
having knowledge of ; special awareness or sensitivity:

consecutive: Read
a. Syn. successive; sequential
following one after another without interruption; sequential

consent: Read
v. Syn. accord; concur; allow
agree in opinion or sentiment; be of the same mind; accord; concur; allow

consequence: Read
n. Syn. result; aftermath; outcome
result; relation of a result to its cause; logical conclusion or inference

consequently: Read
ad. Syn. therefore
therefore; as a result or consequence of something; subsequently

conservation: Read
n. Syn. preservation
preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglect

conservative: Read
a. Syn. traditional; conventional
favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose change

considerable: Read
a. Syn. significant
worthy of consideration; large in amount, extent, or degree

considerably: Read
ad. Syn. substantially
substantially; significantly; to a degree worth considering

considerate: Read
a. Syn. thoughtful
thoughtful; marked by consideration or reflection; deliberate

consideration: Read
n.
considerate and thoughtful act

consign: Read
v.
give, transfer, or deliver in a formal manner, as if by signing over into the possession of another

consist: Read
v.
be made up or composed; be comprised or contained in

consistency: Read
n.
harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts

consistent: Read
a. Syn. uniform; regular
being in agreement with itself; coherent; regular

console: Read
v. Syn. relieve; comfort
cheer from distress or depression; alleviate grief and raise spirits of; relieve; comfort

consolidate: Read
v.
make solid; unite or press together into a compact mass; harden or make dense and firm

consonant: Read
a. Syn. compatible; harmonious
compatible; harmonious

conspicuous: Read
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

conspiracy: Read
n. Syn. plot; intrigue
plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act

constant: Read
a. Syn. invariable; repeating
invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent

constantly: Read
ad. Syn. incessantly; perpetually; continually
in an unchangeable or invariable manner; in every case; perpetually; continually

constituent: Read
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
component or part; citizen, voter

constitute: Read
v. Syn. form
make up; form something

constitution: Read
n.
law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming something

constraint: Read
n. Syn. bound; restraint
something that restricts or confines within prescribed bounds

construct: Read
v. Syn. erect; build
form by assembling or combining parts; build; create

construction: Read
n.
act of constructing or building something

consult: Read
v.
seek advice or information of; take into account; consider

consultant: Read
n.
an expert who gives advice

consume: Read
v. Syn. devour; eat
devour; eat

consumer: Read
n.
people who buy goods or services

consumption: Read
n.
eating or drinking of something

contact: Read
v.
get in touch with; reach

contain: Read
v. Syn. include; incorporate; house
include; incorporate; be capable of holding

container: Read
n. Syn. receptacle
any object that can be used to hold things

contemplate: Read
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contemplation: Read
n.
act of the mind in considering with attention; continued attention of the mind to a particular subject; meditation; expectation

contemporary: Read
a.
modern; belonging to the same period of time

contempt: Read
n. Syn. disgrace
state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contemptuous: Read
a. Syn. scornful
scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect

content: Read
n. Syn. volume; capacity
volume; something contained; material, including text and images

contest: Read
v. Syn. oppose; dispute
contend for; call in question; oppose; dispute

context: Read
n. Syn. circumstance; setting
circumstance

continent: Read
n.
one of the large landmasses of the earth

continental: Read
a.
being or concerning or limited to a continent

contingency: Read
n.
condition of being dependent on chance; uncertainty; possibility

contract: Read
v. Syn. shrink; constrict
constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate

contradict: Read
v. Syn. confront; oppose
confront; oppose

contradiction: Read
n.
assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement or assertion; opposition, whether by argument or conduct

contrary: Read
a. Syn. opposite
relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose

contrast: Read
n.
act of distinguishing by comparing differences

contribute: Read
v.
provide; bestow a quality on

contribution: Read
n. Syn. impost; levy
act of contributing; payment exacted for special purpose; impost or levy

controversial: Read
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
controvertible; disputable

controversy: Read
n. Syn. contention; argument
contentious speech act; argument

convenience: Read
n.
state of being suitable

convenient: Read
a. Syn. handy; suitable; near; accessible
suited or favorable to one's comfort, purpose, or needs:; near; accessible

convention: Read
n. Syn. conference; norm; custom
social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states

conventional: Read
a.
based upon tradition rules; formed by agreement or compact

conversant: Read
a. Syn. skilled; proficient
familiar, as by study or experience; able to converse knowledgeably

conversation: Read
n. Syn. dialogue; talk
general course of conduct; intimate fellowship or association; close acquaintance; informal dialogue

converse: Read
v. Syn. chat
chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts

conversely: Read
ad.
in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.

conversion: Read
n. Syn. change; transformation
change; transformation

convert: Read
n. Syn. transform
change something into another form; transform

convey: Read
v.
carry from one place to another; bear or transport

conveyance: Read
n. Syn. vehicle; transfer
act of conveying; tools of conveying, especially vehicle for transportation

convict: Read
v.
find or declare guilty

conviction: Read
n. Syn. assurance; confidence
judgment that someone is guilty of crime; strongly held belief

convince: Read
v.
overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guilty

convinced: Read
a.
certain, sure

cooperate: Read
v. Syn. collaborate
work or act together toward a common end or purpose

cooperation: Read
n.
practice of cooperating; joint operation or action

cooperative: Read
a.
done with or working with others

coordinate: Read
v. Syn. integrate; harmonize
bring order and organization to; harmonize

coordination: Read
n.
regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation

cordial: Read
a. Syn. gracious
gracious; showing warm and friendliness

core: Read
n. Syn. center; essence
basic, center, or most important part; essence

cork: Read
n.
lightweight elastic outer bark, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floats

corn: Read
n.
single seed of certain plants, as wheat; grain; small, hard particle

corner: Read
n.
position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an angle

corporate: Read
a.
united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to corporation or incorporated body

corporation: Read
n.
business firm; a group of people combined into or acting as one body

correlate: Read
v. Syn. relate; associate
relate; associate; bring into a mutual relation

correlation: Read
n. Syn. relationship
mutual relationship; interdependence or interconnection relationship

correspond: Read
v.
be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messages

correspondence: Read
n. Syn. mail
similarity or analogy; communication by the exchange of letters

correspondent: Read
a.
one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical

corresponding: Read
a.
accompanying

corrode: Read
v.
destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away

corrosion: Read
n. Syn. decay; erosion
decay; erosion

corrupt: Read
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted

corruption: Read
n. Syn. bribery; fraud
bribery; fraud

cosmic: Read
a. Syn. vast
pertaining to the universe; vast

cosmopolitan: Read
a. Syn. sophisticated
sophisticated; of worldwide scope

cosmos: Read
n.
universe or universality of created things; ordered, harmonious whole

couch: Read
n.
sofa; arrange or dispose as in a bed

counsel: Read
v. Syn. advise; suggest
advise; suggest

countenance: Read
v. Syn. approve; tolerate
give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve

counter: Read
n.
flat surface on which money is counted, business is transacted; one that is an opposite

countermand: Read
v. Syn. cancel; revoke
cancel; revoke command or order; order or direct in opposition to; prohibit; forbid

counterpart: Read
n. Syn. version; analogue; match
duplicate copy; analogue; one that closely resembles another

countless: Read
a. Syn. innumerable; infinite
innumerable; infinite; too many to count

couple: Read
n. Syn. pair
a male and female associated together; a pair who associate with one another

court: Read
n.
enclosed space; courtyard; uncovered area shut in by the walls of a building

courteous: Read
a. Syn. polite
exhibiting courtesy and politeness; showing regard or thought for others

courtesy: Read
n.
polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact

cover: Read
v.
overspread the surface; envelop; shelter, as from evil or danger; protect

coverage: Read
n. Syn. reportage
extent to which something is covered; news as presented by reporters

coward: Read
n. Syn. timid
person who lacks courage to face danger; timid

crab: Read
n.
a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply

crack: Read
v.
break into simpler molecules by means of heat; split; hit forcefully; pass through

cradle: Read
n.
small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers; infancy, or very early life

craft: Read
n. Syn. vessel
something made by people; vessel

crash: Read
n. Syn. smash; collision
smash; collision; falling down or in pieces with a loud noise of breaking parts

crate: Read
n.
large basket, used for moving china or similar wares; box or case whose sides are of wooden slats with interspaces

crave: Read
v. Syn. beseech; implore
ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg

crawl: Read
v. Syn. creep
move slowly, as people or animals with the body near the ground

crazy: Read
a. Syn. insane; deranged
affected with madness; insane; deranged

create: Read
v.
make or cause to be or to become; invest with a new thing

creation: Read
n.
fact or state of having been created; act of investing with a new office or title

credit: Read
n. Syn. reputation; prestige
arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; money available for a client to borrow

creek: Read
n. Syn. stream; brook
small stream, often a shallow tributary to a river; brook

creep: Read
v. Syn. crawl
move slowly; move stealthily or cautiously

crew: Read
n.
group of people working together, as in spacecraft, ship, plane or train

cricket: Read
n.
outdoor game played with bats, a ball, and wickets by two teams of 11 players each

criminal: Read
n.
one who has committed a crime; one who is found guilty by verdict, confession, or proof

crimson: Read
a. Syn. bloody
bloody

cripple: Read
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb

crisis: Read
n.
dangerous situation; crucial or decisive point or situation; a turning point

crisp: Read
a.
firm but easily broken or crumbled; brittle

critical: Read
a.
urgently needed; absolutely necessary; essential; acute; crucial; decisive

crook: Read
v.
bend, turn, or curve; curvature; flexure

crooked: Read
a. Syn. curved
having or marked by bends or angles; not straight or aligned; curved

crop: Read
n.
the top, end, or highest part of anything, especially of plant or tree; grain or other product of field while standing; anything cut off or gathered

crossing: Read
n.
traveling across; place at which roads, lines, or tracks intersect; intersection

crouch: Read
v.
bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey, or in fear

crown: Read
n.
ornamental circlet or head covering, made of gold with jewels and worn as a symbol of sovereignty

crude: Read
a.
being in an unrefined or natural state; raw; lacking tact or taste; blunt or offensive

cruise: Read
v.
sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for pleasure

crumb: Read
n.
small fragment or piece, especially, a small piece of bread or other food; broken or cut off

crumble: Read
v. Syn. fall apart; disintegrate
break into small pieces; cause to fall in pieces

crush: Read
v. Syn. squash; smash; press
press between opposing bodies so as to break or injure; extract or obtain by pressing or squeezing

crust: Read
n. Syn. covering; coat; shell
outer layer ; covering; coat; shell

crystal: Read
n. Syn. quartz
quartz; glassware made of quartz; high-quality, clear, colorless glass

cube: Read
n.
three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; cubicle, used for work or study

cubic: Read
a.
having three dimensions

cubism: Read
n.
an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes

cucumber: Read
n.
cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons

cultivate: Read
v. Syn. farm; domesticate; nurture; teach
improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth of

cultivation: Read
n.
production of food by preparing the land to grow crops

culture: Read
n. Syn. civilization
all the knowledge and values shared by a society ; foster; raising of plants or animals

cunning: Read
a.
knowing; skillful; artful; designing; deceitful

cupboard: Read
n.
a small room or cabinet used for storage space

curb: Read
v.
bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

cure: Read
n.
medical or hygienic care; remedial treatment of disease; removal of disease or evil

curiosity: Read
n.
desire to know or learn

curious: Read
a. Syn. inquisitive
difficult to please or satisfy; careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or inquiry

curl: Read
v.
form into coiled or spiral shape; twist into ringlets or coils; move in curve or spiral

currency: Read
n. Syn. money
money; general acceptance or use

current: Read
n. Syn. stream; flow
stream; flow; up-to-date; present

currently: Read
ad. Syn. presently
presently; at the present time

curse: Read
v.
call upon divine or supernatural power to send injury upon; bring great evil upon

curtail: Read
v. Syn. shorten; reduce
cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part

curve: Read
v.
bend or turn gradually from a given direction, as road curves to the right

cushion: Read
n.
soft pillow or pad usually used for sitting, reclining, or kneeling

custody: Read
n.
keeping or guarding; care, watch, inspection, for keeping, preservation, or security

custom: Read
n. Syn. tradition; practice
tradition; practice followed by people of a particular group or region

customary: Read
a.
agreeing with or established by common usage; conventional; habitual

customer: Read
n. Syn. patron; clientele
patron; one that buys goods or services

customs: Read
n.
money collected under a tariff

cycle: Read
n.
periodically repeated sequence of events; long period of time; entire round in a circle or a spire