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4000 IELTS Academic Word List (5)



eager: Read
a. Syn. avid; enthusiastic
avid; enthusiastic

earnest: Read
n.
seriousness; reality; fixed determination; eagerness; intentness

earthquake: Read
n. Syn. quake; seism; temblor
quake from underground; disturbance that is extremely disruptive; temblor

ease: Read
n.
satisfaction; pleasure; entertainment; freedom from care

eccentric: Read
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

eccentricity: Read
n. Syn. oddity; idiosyncrasy
oddity; departure from that which is stated, regular, or usual; deviation from center

echo: Read
n.
sound reflected from an opposing surface and repeated to the ear; repetition of a sound

eclipse: Read
v. Syn. surpass
darken; exceed in importance; outweigh

ecology: Read
n.
science of the relationships between organisms and their environments

economic: Read
a. Syn. frugal; cheap; economical
pertaining to economy; frugal; cheap

economical: Read
a. Syn. thrifty; saving
thrifty; saving; using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness

economics: Read
n.
branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management

economize: Read
v.
save money or resource; cut back; be thrifty

economy: Read
n.
efficient use of resources; reduction in cost; specific type of economic system

ecstasy: Read
n. Syn. joy; rapture
intense joy or delight; any overpowering emotion

edge: Read
n. Syn. brink; perimeter; margin
brink; perimeter; margin

edit: Read
v.
revise and prepare for publication; select, correct, arrange matter of, for publication

edition: Read
n.
whole number of copies of a work printed and published; single copy; act of editing

editorial: Read
a.
of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor

education: Read
n. Syn. upbringing; instruction
act or process of educating; the result of educating

effective: Read
a. Syn. efficient; productive
efficient; productive; producing a strong impression or response

effectiveness: Read
n. Syn. efficiency
efficiency; quality of being effective

efficiency: Read
n. Syn. effectiveness
effectiveness; quality or property of being efficient; ratio of useful output to the total input in any system

efficient: Read
a. Syn. effective
effective; acting directly to produce an effect; exhibiting a high ratio of output to input

effort: Read
n.
exertion of strength or power, whether physical or mental, in performing an act or aiming at an object

eject: Read
v. Syn. emit; discharge
put out or expel from a place; discharge

elaborate: Read
a. Syn. detailed; complicated
marked by complexity and richness of detail; done with care and in minute detail

elaboration: Read
n. Syn. intricacy
production by gradual process; act of working out with great care in detail

elapse: Read
v.
slip or glide away; pass away silently

elastic: Read
a.
springing back; having the power of rebounding; able to return quickly to a former state or condition

elasticity: Read
n.
tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed

elbow: Read
n.
hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm

election: Read
n. Syn. voting; balloting
voting; balloting; right or ability to make a choice

electrical: Read
a. Syn. electric
pertaining to electricity; electric

electrician: Read
n.
one whose occupation is the installation, maintenance, repair, or operation of electric equipment and circuitry

electron: Read
n.
elementary particle with negative charge

electronic: Read
a.
of or pertaining to an electron or electrons.

electronics: Read
n.
branch of physics that deals with the behavior of electrons; electronic devices

elegance: Read
n.
refined quality of gracefulness and good taste

elegant: Read
a. Syn. refined; exquisite
refined and tasteful in appearance or behavior or style

element: Read
n. Syn. component
fundamental or essential constituent of a composite entity; basic assumptions or principles of a subject

elementary: Read
a. Syn. basic; fundamental
basic; fundamental

elevate: Read
v. Syn. raise; heave
raise; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position

elevation: Read
n. Syn. altitude; height
altitude; height

elevator: Read
n.
lifting device consisting of a platform or cage

eliminate: Read
v. Syn. eradicate; abolish
eradicate; abolish; rule out

elimination: Read
n.
act of removing or getting rid of something

ellipsis: Read
n.
omission of words from text; mark or series of marks used in writing to indicate omission

elliptical: Read
a. Syn. oval
rounded like an egg; in a shape reminding of an ellipse; oval

eloquence: Read
n. Syn. expressiveness
powerful and effective language; persuasive speech

eloquent: Read
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

elusive: Read
a.
difficult to describe; difficult to detect or grasp by mind

emancipate: Read
v. Syn. liberate; free; release
free from bondage, oppression, or restraint; liberate

emancipation: Read
n.
freeing someone from the control of another

embargo: Read
n.
ban on commerce or other activity

embark: Read
v. Syn. commence
commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey

embarrass: Read
v. Syn. humiliate; shame
humiliate; shame; cause to feel self-conscious or ill at ease; disconcert

embassy: Read
n.
diplomatic building where ambassadors live or work; diplomatic representatives headed by an ambassador

embody: Read
v. Syn. personify; incorporate
give a bodily form to; represent in bodily or material form; incorporate

embrace: Read
v. Syn. hug; encircle; include
hug; adopt or espouse; accept readily; hold close with the arms, usually as an expression of affection

embroider: Read
v. Syn. decorate; adorn; embellish
decorate with needlework; add details to

embroidery: Read
n.
elaboration by the use of decorative detail; ornamentation of fabric with needlework

emerge: Read
v. Syn. appear
come into prominence; spring up; appear

emergency: Read
n.
sudden unforeseen crisis; condition of urgent need for action or assistance

emigrant: Read
n.
someone who leaves one country to settle in another

emigrate: Read
v.
remove from one country or State to another, for the purpose of residence; migrate from home

eminent: Read
a. Syn. prominent; high; lofty
standing out above other things; high in rank, office, or worth

emission: Read
n. Syn. radiation; emanation; discharge
radiation; discharge; act of emitting

emit: Read
v.
give off; send out; give out as sound

emotion: Read
n. Syn. feeling; mood
feeling; mood; state of mental agitation or disturbance

emotional: Read
a. Syn. sentimental; passionate
sentimental; passionate; excitable; easily moved

emphasis: Read
n.
special attention or effort directed toward something; stress

emphasize: Read
v. Syn. stress; underscore; highlight
stress; underscore; utter or pronounce with a particular stress of voice

empirical: Read
a.
derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

employ: Read
v. Syn. apply; hire
engage the services of; put to work; apply

employee: Read
n. Syn. worker
worker; person who works for another in return for financial or other compensation

employer: Read
n.
a person or firm that employs workers

employment: Read
n.
act of employing or using; work in which one is engaged; occupation

empty: Read
a. Syn. vacant
containing nothing; not holding or having anything within; void of contents or appropriate contents

enable: Read
v.
supply with the means, knowledge, or opportunity; make able; make feasible or possible

enchant: Read
v.
charm by sorcery; get control of by magical words and rites

encircle: Read
v. Syn. surround
form a circle about; enclose within a circle or ring; surround

enclose: Read
v. Syn. include; surround
include; surround on all sides; close in

enclosure: Read
n.
place where animals are kept

encounter: Read
v. Syn. face; confront; meet
face; confront; meet, especially unexpectedly; come upon

encourage: Read
v. Syn. activate; stimulate
activate; stimulate

endanger: Read
v. Syn. threaten; jeopardize
threaten; jeopardize; do something that may damage it or destroy it

endeavor: Read
v. Syn. seek; try; attempt
attempt by employing effort

endless: Read
a. Syn. everlasting; eternal
without end; having no end or conclusion; perpetual; interminable

endorse: Read
v. Syn. approve; support
acknowledge by signing a bill, draft, or other instrument; approve; support

endorsement: Read
n. Syn. indorsement
act of endorsing; support; formal and explicit approval; signature that validates something

endow: Read
v. Syn. grant; award
grant; award; give qualities or abilities to

endurance: Read
n. Syn. perseverance; stamina; duration
perseverance; state or fact of persevering; continuing existence

endure: Read
v. Syn. tolerate
tolerate; carry on through, despite hardships

energetic: Read
a. Syn. active; brisk; vigorous
active; brisk; vigorous

energy: Read
n. Syn. vigor; power
exertion of force; capacity for work or vigorous activity; usable heat or power

enforce: Read
v. Syn. force; constrain; compel
put force upon; force; constrain; compel; put in motion or action by violence

engage: Read
v. Syn. reserve
obtain for services of; arrange for the use of; pledge or promise, especially to marry

engagement: Read
n.
act of engaging, pledging, enlisting, occupying, or entering into contest; state of being in gear

engrave: Read
v. Syn. carve; cut
carve or cut into a block or surface, as used for printing; impress deeply as if by carving

engraving: Read
n.
practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it

engulf: Read
v.
absorb or swallow up as in a gulf; flow over or cover completely

enhance: Read
v. Syn. increase; improve
make better or more attractive; increase; improve

enhancement: Read
n.
act of increasing, or state of being increased; augmentation; aggravation

enlighten: Read
v. Syn. illuminate
supply with light; illuminate, as the sun enlightens the earth; make clear to the intellect or conscience; give information to; inform or instruct

enormous: Read
a. Syn. tremendous; huge; massive
very great in size, extent, number, or degrees; huge; massive

enquire: Read
v. Syn. inquire
seek information by asking a question

enquiry: Read
n. Syn. inquiry
search for knowledge; systematic investigation

enrich: Read
v. Syn. make rich; richen; improve
make rich; richen; improve

enroll: Read
v.
insert in a roil; register or enter in list or catalogue; insert in records; enlist

enrolment: Read
n.
act of enrolling; specifically, the registering, recording, or entering

ensure: Read
v.
make sure or certain; insure; assure

entail: Read
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way

enterprise: Read
n. Syn. company; firm; business
company; firm; organization created for business ventures

entertain: Read
v. Syn. amuse; host
amuse; host

entertainment: Read
n. Syn. amusement; fun
amusement; fun

enthusiasm: Read
n.
great excitement for or interest in a subject or cause; feeling of excitement

enthusiastic: Read
a.
having or showing great excitement and interest

entitle: Read
v. Syn. name; designate
give right to; authorize; furnish with a right or claim to something; designate; give title to

entrance: Read
v.
fill with delight or wonder; put into a trance; attract

entreat: Read
v. Syn. plead
plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestly

entrust: Read
v.
give over something to another for care, protection, or performance; give as a trust to someone;

entry: Read
n. Syn. admission; entrance
admission; entrance; item inserted in a written record

enumerate: Read
v.
list each one; mention one by one

envelop: Read
v. Syn. enclose; encase
enclose or encase completely with or as if with a covering

environment: Read
n. Syn. circumstance
surroundings; totality of surrounding conditions

envy: Read
n.
malice; ill will; discontent or uneasiness at another's excellence or good fortune, accompanied with hatred

epidemic: Read
n. Syn. plague
outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely; widely prevalent

episode: Read
n.
a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series

epoch: Read
n. Syn. era
particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable

equal: Read
a. Syn. same; identical
having the same quantity, measure, or value as another; identical

equality: Read
n. Syn. parity
state or quality of being equal

equation: Read
n. Syn. equality; equilibrium
making equal; equal division; equality; equilibrium

equator: Read
n.
the imaginary great circle on the earth's surface, everywhere equally distant from the two poles, and dividing the earth's surface into two hemispheres

equilibrium: Read
n. Syn. balance
mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives

equip: Read
v.
supply with necessities such as tools or provisions; furnish with the qualities necessary for performance

equipment: Read
n. Syn. apparatus
apparatus

equivalent: Read
a. Syn. interchangeable; comparable; tantamount
interchangeable; comparable; equal, as in value, force, or meaning

eradicate: Read
v. Syn. completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate
completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate

erase: Read
v. Syn. remove; wipe
rub letters or characters written, engraved, or painted

erect: Read
v. Syn. construct; stand
construct; stand; set up

erosion: Read
n. Syn. corrosion
corrosion; a gradual decline of something

errand: Read
n.
short trip taken to perform a specified task; mission; embassy

erupt: Read
v. Syn. explode
explode; burst out; become violently active

eruption: Read
n. Syn. outbreak
outbreak; sudden, often violent outburst

escalator: Read
n.
stairway whose steps move continuously on a circulating belt

escape: Read
n. Syn. flee; elude; avoid
act of fleeing from danger, of evading harm, or of avoiding notice; deliverance from injury or any evil

escort: Read
n.
one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey

essay: Read
n. Syn. trial; attempt
effort made for performance of anything; short literary composition on a single subject

essence: Read
n.
most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

essential: Read
a. Syn. necessary; critical; vital; indispensable; fundamental
necessary; critical; vital; constituting or being part of the essence of something

establish: Read
v.
set up or found; build

establishment: Read
n. Syn. confirmation; settlement
act of establishing; ratifying or ordaining; settlement; arranged order or system, especially a legal code

estate: Read
n. Syn. property
extensive landed property; everything you own; all of your assets

esteem: Read
v. Syn. respect; prize; regard
regard with respect; favorable regard

estimate: Read
v. Syn. assess; appraise; evaluate
judge to be probable; form an opinion about; evaluate

eternal: Read
a. Syn. forever; everlasting
forever; being without beginning or end; existing outside of time; infinite

evaluate: Read
v. Syn. judge; appraise; estimate
judge; examine and judge carefully; appraise

evaporate: Read
v. Syn. vaporize; disappear; vapor
vaporize; disappear; change into a vapor

evaporation: Read
n.
process of extracting moisture

eventful: Read
a. Syn. busy; momentous
busy; momentous; full of events or incidents

eventually: Read
ad. Syn. ultimately; finally
ultimately; in the final result or issue; in the end

everlasting: Read
a.
continuing forever or indefinitely

evidence: Read
n. Syn. proof; testimony
something which makes evident or manifest; any mode of proof

evident: Read
a. Syn. obvious; apparent; clear
easily seen or understood; obvious; apparent; clear

evolution: Read
n. Syn. development; progression
development; progression

evolve: Read
v. Syn. develop; grow
develop; grow

exact: Read
a. Syn. precise
precisely agreeing with standard, fact, or truth; perfectly conforming

exaggerate: Read
v. Syn. overstate; magnify
represent as greater than is actually the case; overstate; magnify; do something to an excessive degree

exaggeration: Read
n. Syn. overstatement
overstatement; act of making something more noticeable than usual

exalt: Read
v. Syn. praise
raise in rank or dignity; praise

exalted: Read
a. Syn. superior; noble; lofty
superior; elevated in rank, character, or status; of high moral or intellectual value

exasperate: Read
v. Syn. irritate
make worse; irritate; make very angry or impatient; annoy greatly

exceed: Read
v.
go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree

exceedingly: Read
ad.
in a very great degree; beyond what is usual; surpassingly

excel: Read
v.
be superior; distinguish oneself

excellent: Read
a. Syn. outstanding; splendid
surpassing others in some good quality or the sum of qualities; of great worth; eminent, in a good sense

exception: Read
n.
instance that does not conform to a rule

exceptional: Read
a. Syn. extraordinary; unusual
extraordinary; unusual; well above average

excess: Read
a. Syn. extra; surplus
amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; surplus

excessive: Read
a. Syn. extreme; inordinate
extreme; inordinate; too much

exchange: Read
n. Syn. substitute
substitute; trade in; give in return for something received

excite: Read
v. Syn. arouse
arouse

excitement: Read
n.
state of being emotionally aroused

exciting: Read
n.
creating or producing excitement

exclaim: Read
v. Syn. call; shout
cry out suddenly, as from surprise or emotion

exclude: Read
v.
leave out of; keep out of; reject

exclusion: Read
n. Syn. omission; rejection
rejection; act of excluding or shutting out

exclusive: Read
a. Syn. single; sole; incompatible
not divided or shared with others; excluding much or all; not allowing something else

exclusively: Read
ad. Syn. purely; strictly
without any others being included or involved; purely; strictly

excursion: Read
n. Syn. trip; journey
trip; usually short journey made for pleasure

excuse: Read
v. Syn. forgive
free from blame; clear from guilt; release from a charge; forgive entirely

execute: Read
v.
put into effect; carry out the legalities of

execution: Read
n. Syn. accomplishment; putting into practice
accomplishment; putting into practice; putting a person to death

executive: Read
n.
role of government which makes sure that laws are carried out; administrator

exemplify: Read
v. Syn. embody
serve as an example of; embody

exempt: Read
a.
not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation

exert: Read
v.
cause; apply; exercise

exertion: Read
n. Syn. effort
effort; expenditure of much physical work

exhaust: Read
n.
gases ejected from an engine as waste products ; use up the whole supply of

exhausted: Read
a. Syn. depleted; tired
depleted; tired

exhaustion: Read
n.
act of draining out or draining off; act of emptying completely of the contents; state of being exhausted or emptied

exhaustive: Read
a. Syn. thorough; comprehensive
treating all parts or aspects without omission; comprehensive

exhibit: Read
v. Syn. display; show
show, make visible or apparent

exhibition: Read
n. Syn. exposition; presentation; show
exposition; presentation; large-scale public showing

exile: Read
v.
force separation from one's native country

exit: Read
n. Syn. outlet
passage or way out; act of going away or out

exonerate: Read
v. Syn. acquit; exculpate
acquit; free from blame; discharge from duty

expand: Read
v. Syn. dilate; extend
become larger in size or volume; grow stronger; add details

expansion: Read
n. Syn. growth
growth; extent or amount by which something has expanded

expedient: Read
a. Syn. suitable
suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interest

expedite: Read
v.
process fast and efficiently; execute quickly and efficiently

expedition: Read
n.
journey organized for a particular purpose

expel: Read
v. Syn. oust; discharge
oust; discharge; force or drive out

expend: Read
v.
lay out, apply, or employ in any way; consume by use; use up or distribute, either in payment or in donations; spend

expenditure: Read
n. Syn. output
payment or expense; output

expert: Read
n.
person with a high degree of skill in or knowledge of a certain subject

expertise: Read
n. Syn. skill
specialized knowledge; expert skill

expiration: Read
n.
act of coming to a close; termination; act of breathing out; exhalation

expire: Read
v. Syn. end
come to an end; terminate; lose validity; breathe one's last breath; die

explicit: Read
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

explode: Read
v. Syn. erupt
erupt; blow up; burst violently as a result of internal pressure

exploit: Read
v.
make use of, sometimes unjustly

exploitation: Read
n.
unfair use of someone’s work giving little in return

exploration: Read
n.
travel for the purpose of discovery

explore: Read
v. Syn. investigate
investigate systematically; examine; search

explorer: Read
n.
someone who travels into little known regions

explosive: Read
a.
tending or serving to sudden outburst; sudden and loud

export: Read
v.
sell or transfer abroad

expose: Read
v. Syn. exhibit; show; display
set forth; set out to public view

exposition: Read
n.
exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

exposure: Read
n. Syn. disclosure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease; unmasking; act of laying something open

expressive: Read
a. Syn. eloquent; demonstrative; indicative
demonstrative; indicative

expressly: Read
ad. Syn. particularly; specifically
particularly; specifically; in an explicit manner

exquisite: Read
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating

extend: Read
v. Syn. stretch; prolong
open or straighten something out; unbend; prolong

extension: Read
n. Syn. supplement; expansion
supplement; act of extending or the condition of being extended

extensive: Read
a. Syn. widespread; wide
widespread; far-reaching; wide

extent: Read
n. Syn. magnitude; scope
extensive space or area; distance or area over which something extends; degree to which a thing extends

exterior: Read
n. Syn. outside; appearance
outside; external or outward appearance

external: Read
a. Syn. exterior; outer
exterior; outer; suitable for application to the outside

extinct: Read
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

extinction: Read
n.
death of all its remaining members

extinguish: Read
v.
quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy

extra: Read
a.
something additional of the same kind

extract: Read
v. Syn. derive; remove; squeeze
draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstacles

extraordinary: Read
a. Syn. exceptional; remarkable; outstanding
exceptional; remarkable; beyond what is ordinary or usual

extravagant: Read
a.
wandering beyond one's bounds; exceeding due bounds; wild; excessive; unrestrained

extreme: Read
a.
outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limit

eye: Read
n.
small hole or loop; good discernment; organ of vision or of light sensitivity