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4000 IELTS Academic Word List (6)



fabric: Read
n. Syn. cloth; stuff
cloth; stuff; artifact made by weaving or synthetic fibers; structure; framework

fabricate: Read
v. Syn. build
build; put together out of components or parts

face: Read
v. Syn. confront; encounter
confront; encounter; be opposite

facilitate: Read
v. Syn. promote; expedite
help bring about; make less difficult

facility: Read
n. Syn. equipment; device
service, space, and equipment provided for a particular purpose

faction: Read
n. Syn. party; clique; dissension
a party of persons having a common end in view

factor: Read
n. Syn. variable; element; component
anything that contributes causally to a result; element; variable

fade: Read
v. Syn. disappear; die out
disappear; die out; lose color; lose freshness

faint: Read
a. Syn. dim; feeble; weak
lacking strength or vigor ; weak

fairly: Read
ad. Syn. impartially; relatively; rather
in fair manner; clearly; openly; plainly; fully; distinctly; frankly

fairy: Read
n. Syn. enchantment; illusion
enchantment; illusion; imaginary supernatural being or spirit

faith: Read
n. Syn. belief
loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person; complete confidence

faithful: Read
n. Syn. believer; follower
believer; follower

fake: Read
n. Syn. imitation; counterfeit; false
imitation; counterfeit; having a false or misleading appearance

fall: Read
v.
drop; sink; lose an upright position suddenly; decrease in size, extent, or range

fame: Read
n. Syn. renown; celebrity
favorable public reputation; great renown

familiar: Read
a.
well known or easily recognized

familiarity: Read
n.
state of being familiar; intimate and frequent converse, or association; freedom from ceremony and constraint; intimacy

famine: Read
n. Syn. starvation
shortage of food; starvation

fanatic: Read
n.
person who is zealously enthusiastic for some cause; showing evidence of possession by a god or demon

fancy: Read
n. Syn. notion; imagine; whim
capricious notion; something many people believe that is false

fantastic: Read
a. Syn. excellent; extraordinary
excellent; extraordinary; strange in form, conception, or appearance

fare: Read
n.
food and drink; diet; transportation charge; a paying passenger

farewell: Read
n.
acknowledgment at parting; goodbye; act of departing or taking leave

fascinate: Read
v. Syn. intrigue; enthrall; captivate
cause to be interested or curious; captivate

fascination: Read
n.
capacity to attract intense interest

fashion: Read
n. Syn. vogue; style
style, shape, appearance, or mode of structure; pattern, model

fashionable: Read
a. Syn. stylish
conforming to the current style; being or in accordance with current fashion

fasten: Read
v. Syn. attach; affix
attach; affix

fatal: Read
a.
causing death

fathom: Read
v.
measure the depth; come to understand

fatigue: Read
n. Syn. weariness; exhaustion
physical or mental weariness; exhaustion

fault: Read
n. Syn. crack
crack; a crack in the earth; defect; flaw; a wrong action

favorable: Read
a. Syn. propitious; beneficial; approving
approving or pleasing; granting what has been desired or requested

feasible: Read
a. Syn. practical; possible; suitable
capable of being accomplished or brought about

feast: Read
n.
festival or holiday; festive or joyous meal; something highly agreeable; entertainment

feat: Read
n. Syn. achievement; accomplishment
achievement; accomplishment

feature: Read
n.
prominent aspect of something

federal: Read
a.
of or relating to central government; national

federation: Read
n.
uniting in a league; confederation; league

fee: Read
v.
give a tip beyond the agreed-on compensation

feeble: Read
a. Syn. weak; frail
lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail

feed: Read
v. Syn. nourish; graze
give food to; supply with nourishment

feedback: Read
v.
response to an inquiry or experiment

fell: Read
a. Syn. cruel; deadly
capable of destroying; lethal

fellowship: Read
n.
state or relation of being or associate; companionship of persons on equal and friendly terms; state of being together

female: Read
n.
for or composed of women or girls

ferocious: Read
a.
fierce; savage; wild; indicating cruelty

ferry: Read
n. Syn. shuttle; barge
shuttle; transport by boat or aircraft

fertile: Read
a. Syn. rich; fruitful
rich; fruitful; inventive; creative; intellectually productive

fertilizer: Read
n.
any substance used to make soil more fertile

fervent: Read
a.
extremely hot; sincerely or intensely felt

festival: Read
n. Syn. holiday
a day or period of time for feasting and celebration

fetch: Read
v.
take away or remove; reduce; go or come after and bring or take back

feud: Read
n. Syn. enmity; vendetta
bitter quarrel between two parties

fiber: Read
n.
slender, elongated, threadlike object or structure; material to make paper or cloth

fiction: Read
n. Syn. story; legend
story; imaginative creation; literary work whose content is produced by imagination

fictional: Read
a. Syn. imaginary
imaginary; invented, as opposed to real

fierce: Read
a. Syn. ferocious; savage
ferocious; savage; extremely severe or violent; terrible

fig: Read
n.
small fruit tree with large leaves, known from the remotest antiquity

figurative: Read
a.
not literal, but metaphorical; using figure of speech

figure: Read
n.
model of a bodily form; impression produced by a person; written or printed symbol representing a number

file: Read
v.
line; proceed in line

filter: Read
n. Syn. strain; purify
strain; pass liquid or gas through device that blocks some matter by particular criterion

filth: Read
n.
foul matter; anything that soils or defiles; dirt; corruption; pollution

filthy: Read
a.
nasty; dirty; polluted; foul; impure

final: Read
a. Syn. last
forming or occurring at the end; terminating; ultimate; conclusive

finance: Read
n. Syn. fund
management of money and credit and banking and investments; subsidizing; fund

financial: Read
a. Syn. monetary
monetary; pertaining or relating to money matters

financing: Read
n. Syn. subsidy; funding
subsidy; transaction that provides funds for a business

finite: Read
a.
having a limit; limited in quantity, degree, or capacity; bounded

fir: Read
n.
any of various evergreen trees of the genus Abies

firm: Read
a. Syn. hard; solid; determined
hard; solid; resolute; determined

fishery: Read
n.
business or practice of catching fish; fishing; a place for catching fish; the right to take fish at a certain place

fist: Read
n.
hand with the fingers doubled into the palm; closed hand

fit: Read
v.
be the right size or shape; conform to some shape or size

fitness: Read
n. Syn. health; vigor
health; vigor; state or condition of being fit; suitability or appropriateness

fitting: Read
n.
small accessory to a larger system; small detachable part for a machine or apparatus; act of trying on clothes

fixed: Read
a. Syn. stationary; settled; established
firmly in position; stationary

fixture: Read
n. Syn. commonplace object
commonplace object; object firmly fixed in place

flag: Read
v. Syn. decline; weaken; fade
become less intense; sink, or settle from pressure

flake: Read
n. Syn. peel; chip
flat thin piece or layer; chip; small piece; small crystalline bit of snow

flame: Read
n. Syn. blaze; fire
stream of burning vapor or gas, emitting light and heat; passion of love

flap: Read
n.
flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap

flare: Read
v.
sudden outburst of emotion; glare; shine; shine with sudden light

flash: Read
n. Syn. flare; spark
emit a brief burst of light; appear briefly; sudden intense burst of radiant energy

flask: Read
n.
a small bottle-shaped vessel for holding fluids; narrow-necked vessel of metal or glass

flatter: Read
v.
compliment someone, often insincerely and sometimes to win favor; enhance someone's vanity by praising them

flavor: Read
n. Syn. taste; savor
distinctive taste; quality produced by the sensation of taste

flaw: Read
n.
crack or breach; gap or fissure; defect; fault; sudden burst of noise and disorder

flee: Read
v.
run away, as from danger or evil; avoid in alarmed or cowardly manner

fleece: Read
v. Syn. rob; plunder
rob; strip of money or other property unjustly, especially by trickery or fraud; ask unreasonable price

fleet: Read
n.
a group of steamships under the same ownership; a group of vessels or vehicles

flesh: Read
n.
soft tissue of body, mainly muscle and fat; substance; reality; surface or skin of human body; meat of animals

flexibility: Read
n.
quality of being adaptable or variable

flexible: Read
a. Syn. pliant; elastic; docile
pliant; elastic; capable of being bent or flexed; pliable

flicker: Read
v.
flutter; flap the wings without flying; waver unsteadily, like a flame in a current of air

fling: Read
v. Syn. discard
throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt

float: Read
v.
drift along; make the surface of level or smooth; move lightly

flock: Read
n. Syn. group; herd; crowd
group; herd; crowd; gather; crowd; throng

flour: Read
n.
fine powdery foodstuff; soft, fine powder

flourish: Read
v. Syn. prosper
grow well; decorate with ornaments; be in a period of productivity

fluctuate: Read
v. Syn. waver; shift
rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

fluctuation: Read
n.
a wave motion

fluency: Read
n.
quality of smoothness of flow; quality of being fluent in language

fluent: Read
a. Syn. articulate; eloquent; graceful
easy and graceful in shape; graceful; smooth and unconstrained in movement

flush: Read
v.
turn red, as from fever, embarrassment, or strong emotion; glow, especially with a reddish color; flow suddenly

flutter: Read
v.
vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner

flux: Read
n. Syn. flowing; fusion
flowing; series of changes; state of being liquid through heat

foam: Read
n.
white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids

focus: Read
n.
most important thing; a fixed reference point; center of interest or activity

fodder: Read
n.
coarse food for cattle or horses

foe: Read
n. Syn. enemy; adversary
enemy; one who entertains hatred, grudge; adversary

fog: Read
n. Syn. haze
droplets of water vapor suspended in air near ground ; haze

foggy: Read
a.
obscured by fog; indistinct or hazy in outline

fold: Read
v.
make something double; bend or lay so that one part covers the other

foliage: Read
n. Syn. leaves; leafage
masses of leaves; a cluster of leaves, flowers, and branches

foolish: Read
a. Syn. silly; ridiculous; stupid; silly; unwise
marked with, or exhibiting, folly; void of understanding; weak in intellect; without judgment

forbid: Read
v.
not allow; prohibit; prevent

forecast: Read
n. Syn. prediction; outlook
prediction about how something will develop, as for weather

forefather: Read
n. Syn. ancestor
ancestor; forebear

foremost: Read
a. Syn. leading; main; primary
leading; main; primary; first in time or place

foresee: Read
v. Syn. anticipate; predict
anticipate; predict

foretell: Read
v. Syn. predict; forecast
tell of or indicate beforehand; predict

forge: Read
n.
workplace where metal is worked by heating and hammering

forgery: Read
n.
act of forging, especially the illegal production of something counterfeit

forgive: Read
v. Syn. pardon
give wholly; cease to feel resentment against; excuse for a fault or an offense; give up; resign

formal: Read
a. Syn. official; ceremonious
official; executed, carried out, or done in proper or regular form

formality: Read
n.
quality or condition of being formal; something done just for form's sake

format: Read
v. Syn. pattern; design
pattern; design; set into a specific pattern

formation: Read
n. Syn. synthesis; configuration; pattern
configuration; pattern

former: Read
a. Syn. previous; earlier
preceding in order of time; antecedent; previous; prior; earlier

formerly: Read
ad. Syn. previously; once
previously;at an earlier time; once

formidable: Read
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat

formula: Read
n.
plan; directions for making something; a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

formulate: Read
v. Syn. policy; theory
decide upon and express in words

forsake: Read
v. Syn. forgo
leave someone who needs or counts on you

fort: Read
n. Syn. fortress; stronghold
a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post

forthcoming: Read
a.
ready or about to appear; making appearance

fortitude: Read
n. Syn. bravery; courage
bravery; force; power to attack or to resist attack

fortnight: Read
n.
a period of fourteen consecutive days

fortress: Read
n. Syn. fort; castle
fort; castle; fortified place, especially a large military stronghold, often includes a town

fortunate: Read
a. Syn. lucky
lucky; bringing something good and unforeseen

fortune: Read
n. Syn. treasure; luck
arrival of something in a sudden or unexpected manner; chance; accident; luck

forum: Read
n.
place to discuss public concerns; meeting or medium for open discussion

forward: Read
ad.
at or to or toward the front; toward the future

fossil: Read
n. Syn. remnant
remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age

foster: Read
v. Syn. rear
rear; promote the growth of; help develop

foul: Read
n. Syn. disgusting; filthy
act that violates of the rules of a sport

found: Read
v.
establish or set up, especially with provision for continuing existence; melt metal and pour into a mold

foundation: Read
n.
basis on which something is grounded

founder: Read
n.
person who establishes an organization, business

fountain: Read
n.
spring of water issuing from the earth; artificially produced jet or stream of water

fraction: Read
n. Syn. segment; fragment
segment; fragment; a small proportion of

fracture: Read
v. Syn. break; crack
break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse

fragile: Read
a. Syn. delicate; brittle; weak
easy to destroy, delicate, not strong

fragment: Read
n. Syn. piece; fraction
small part broken off or detached; fraction

fragrance: Read
n.
scent; aroma; distinctive odor that is pleasant

fragrant: Read
a. Syn. aromatic; odorous
pleasant-smelling; odorous

frail: Read
a. Syn. weak
physically weak; easily broken

frame: Read
n. Syn. construct
structure that gives shape or support; closed, often rectangular border of drawn or printed lines

framework: Read
n. Syn. structure; skeleton
fundamental structure, as for a written work; skeleton

franchise: Read
n.
right granted by authority; right to vote; business licensed to sell a product in particular area

frank: Read
a. Syn. honest; sincere; straightforward
honest; sincere; open and sincere in expression; straightforward

freight: Read
n.
transport commercially as cargo; load with goods; goods carried by a large vehicle

fret: Read
v. Syn. vex
cause to be uneasy; wear away

friction: Read
n. Syn. abrasion; scraping
clash in opinion; rubbing against; conflict

frightening: Read
a.
inspiring with fear; causing fear; of capable of causing fear; scary

fringe: Read
n. Syn. margin; periphery
margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band

frontier: Read
n.
part of a country which fronts or faces another country or an unsettled region; border, confine, or extreme part of a country

frost: Read
n.
ice crystal; weather cold enough to cause freezing; provide with a rough surface or appearance

frown: Read
v.
look angry; wrinkle one's forehead; regard something with disapproval or distaste

frugal: Read
a. Syn. sparing; economical; thrifty
sparing; economical; costing little; inexpensive

fruitful: Read
a. Syn. productive; fertile
productive; fertile; producing results; profitable

frustrate: Read
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment

frustration: Read
n. Syn. disappointment; failure
disappointment; failure; act of frustrating

fuel: Read
n.
substance that can be consumed to produce energy

fulfil: Read
v. Syn. fulfill
fill full; fill to the utmost capacity, as a vessel, a room; make full or complete

full: Read
a.
filled to satisfaction with food or drink; containing as much or as many as is possible or normal

fumble: Read
v.
feel or grope about; make awkward attempts to do or find something; play childishly

function: Read
n.
act of executing or performing any duty; assigned duty or activity

functional: Read
a. Syn. useful
useful; in good working order

fund: Read
n. Syn. money; capital
money; capital; a reserve of money set aside for some purpose; finance; subsidize

fundamental: Read
a. Syn. primary; essential
relating to foundation or base; elementary; primary; essential

funeral: Read
n.
ceremony held in connection with burial; burial procession accompanying body to grave; end of existence

furious: Read
a.
extreme anger; raging; full of activity; energetic or rapid

furnace: Read
n.
enclosed place in which heat is produced; place or time of punishment or great trial; intensely hot place

furnish: Read
v. Syn. provide; supply
provide; supply; equip with what is needed, especially to provide furniture for

furniture: Read
n.
movable articles in a room or an establishment that make it fit for living or working

furrow: Read
n.
trench in the earth made by a plow; any trench, channel, or groove, as in wood or metal; wrinkle on the face

further: Read
v. Syn. advance
get greater distance; make more in advance

furthermore: Read
ad.
in addition; moreover; still further

fury: Read
n. Syn. anger
violent anger; rage; uncontrolled action; turbulence

fuse: Read
v. Syn. combine; blend
combine; blend; become plastic or fluid or liquefied from heat

fuss: Read
n. Syn. protest
angry disturbance; excited state of agitation; needlessly nervous or useless activity; protest; quarrel

fussy: Read
a.
easily upset; given to bouts of ill temper; full of superfluous details