TOEFL Vocabulary and Example 1
abandon: (abandono) lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
E.g.With her parents out of town, Kelly danced all night with abandon.
abash: (embaraçar) embarrass; make ashamed or uneasy; disconcert
E.g.Her open admiration should not abash him at all.
abdicate: (abdicar) give up, renounce, abandon, lay down, or withdraw from, as a right or claim
E.g.When Edward VIII did abdicate the British throne to marry the woman he loved, he surprised the entire world.
abet: (abet) aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage
E.g.She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had planned.
abridge: (resumir) condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
E.g.Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of War and Peace, they proceeded to abridge the novel.
abrogate: (revogará) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
E.g.He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.
abstemious: (abstêmios) sparing or moderation in eating and drinking; temperate
E.g.Concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him.
academic: (acadêmicas) related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education
E.g.The dean's talk about reforming the college admissions system was only an academic discussion.
accede: (aderir) agree; give consent, often at insistence of another; concede
E.g.The idea that one of the two chief executives should eventually accede to the role, as has happened in the past, would raise fresh doubts about the board's independence.
accelerate: (acelerar) move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected
E.g.Demand for Taiwanese goods likely will accelerate from the second quarter, as strong Asian demand offsets the effects of a U.S. slowdown.
accolade: (prêmio) award of merit; expression of approval; praise
E.g.In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest accolade.
accord: (acordo) settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states
E.g.Although the accord is a small step forward, politicians around the world have their work cut out for them.
acrimonious: (acrofobia) bitter and sharp in language, tone, or manner
E.g.The candidate attacked his opponent in highly acrimonious terms.
acumen: (perspicácia) mental keenness; quickness of perception
E.g.However, her team's political acumen is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor.
admonish: (admoestação) warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
E.g.I would again admonish the reader carefully to consider the nature of our doctrine.
adversary: (acidental) opponent in contest; someone who offers opposition
E.g.The young wrestler struggled to defeat his adversary.
adversity: (adágio adversidade) state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune
E.g.A young boy who's strength in adversity is an inspiration to all who know him.
aesthetic: (estética) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
E.g.Kenneth Cole, the American designer known for his modern, urban aesthetic, is hawking $35 T-shirts.
affable: (afável) easily approachable; warmly friendly
E.g.Accustomed to cold, aloof supervisors, Nicholas was amazed at how affable his new employer was.
affluent: (afluentes) having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value
E.g.They want the same opportunity to pursue their dreams as everyone else who lives in affluent school districts.
aggressive: (agressiva) making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
E.g.During his tenure in Beijing, Huntsman was known as an aggressive advocate for human rights and pushed to expand U.S. economic ties with China.
alacrity: (aerie alacrity) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
E.g.Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.
alienate: (alienam) cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally
E.g.We could not see what should again alienate us from one another, or how one brother could again oppress another.
allay: (dissipar) calm; pacify; reduce the intensity of; relieve
E.g.The crew tried to allay the fears of the passengers by announcing that the fire had been controlled.
allude: (aludem) refer casually or indirectly, or by suggestion
E.g.Try not to mention divorce in Jack's presence because he will think you allude to his marital problems with Jill.
allure: (sedução) attract with something desirable; be highly, often subtly attractive
E.g.Promises of quick profits allure the unwary investor.
ambiguous: (ambígua) unclear or doubtful in meaning
E.g.His ambiguous instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take.
amenable: (passíveis) responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
E.g.He was amenable to any suggestions that came from those he looked up to.
amiable: (amável) good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly
E.g.In Little Women, Beth is the amiable daughter whose loving disposition endears her to all who know her.
analogy: (analogia) similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity
E.g.This analogy is almost always noted without further comment, although in fact it may be taken further.
anarchy: (anarquia) absence of governing body; state of disorder; political disorder and confusion
E.g.One might say that eastern Congo is already in anarchy, but Congo has faded from the headlines in recent months.
annals: (Anais) chronological record of the events of successive years
E.g.In the annals of this period, we find no mention of democratic movements.
anonymous: (antagonismo) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name
E.g.The buyer, who wished to remain anonymous, is a foreigner with homes in Europe.
anthology: (antologia) book of literary selections by various authors
E.g.This anthology of science fiction was compiled by the late Isaac Asimov.
antithesis: (antítese) contrast; direct contrast; opposition
E.g.This tyranny was the antithesis of all that he had hoped for, and he fought it with all his strength.
apathy: (apatia) lack of caring; indifference
E.g.A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never bothered to vote.
apprehensive: (apreensão) capable of apprehending; knowing; conscious; relating to the faculty of apprehension; sensible; feeling; perceptive
E.g.Here I walked about for a long time, feeling very strange, and mortally apprehensive of some one coming in and kidnapping me.
apprise: (aprovação) inform; give notice to; make aware
E.g.If you apprise him the dangerous weather conditions, he has to postpone his trip.
approbation: (aprovação) expression of warm approval; praise
E.g.She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them.
apt: (arena) likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand
E.g.The defeated England coach, Bobby Robson, described it as a miracle, which following 'the Hand-of-God' goal seems supremely apt.
arbiter: (árbitro) person with power to decide a dispute; judge
E.g.As an arbiter in labor disputes, she has won the confidence of the workers and the employers.
archetype: (arquétipo) prototype; original model or type after which other similar things are patterned
E.g.The Brooklyn Bridge was the archetype of the many spans that now connect Manhattan with Long Island and New Jersey.
arid: (árdua aristocracia) dry; lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or plants
E.g.The cactus has adapted to survive in an arid environment.
aristocracy: (aristocracia) hereditary nobility; privileged class
E.g.Americans have mixed feelings about hereditary aristocracy.
articulate: (articular) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
E.g.Her articulate presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers.
ascetic: (atribuem) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
E.g.The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.
askance: (soslaio) with sideways or indirect look; Turned to side, especially of eyes
E.g.Looking askance at her questioner, she displayed her scorn.
assiduous: (assídua) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
E.g.He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results.
asylum: (astuto asilo) place of refuge or shelter; protection
E.g.The refugees sought asylum from religious persecution in a new land.
atheist: (ateu) nonbeliever; one who denies the existence of god
E.g.The view that children are born atheist is relatively recent.
attribute: (atributo) essential quality; reputation; honor
E.g.His outstanding attribute was his kindness.
augment: (aumentam) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
E.g.Armies augment their forces by calling up reinforcements.
auspicious: (auspicioso) attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
E.g.With favorable weather conditions, it was an auspicious moment to set sail.
authentic: (audível autor) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy
E.g.It is authentic, genuine, and a true and correct copy of the original.
autocratic: (autoritária autômato) having absolute, unchecked power; dictatorial
E.g.Someone accustomed to exercising authority may become autocratic if his or her power is unchecked.
avarice: (avareza) greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
E.g.King Midas is a perfect example of avarice, for he was so greedy that he wished everything he touched would turn to gold.
awry: (avuncular axioma) in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course
E.g.He held his head awry, giving the impression that he had caught cold in his neck during the night.
banal: (brincadeiras) obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality
E.g.The writer made his comic sketch seem banal, only a few people liked it.
banter: (brincadeiras) good-humored, playful conversation
E.g.You bring good diversity to the BombCast because your opinions are varied and present a good contrast to what can sometimes be predictable banter from the guys.
baton: (barb) staff or truncheon for various purposes, as one of a conductor in musical performances, one transferred by runners in a relay race
E.g.What's the textbook way to handoff the baton in the relays?
belie: (tardia desmentem) contradict; give a false impression
E.g.His coarse, hard-bitten exterior does belie his inner sensitivity.
belligerent: (lamentam) inclined or eager to fight; aggressive
E.g.Whenever he had too much to drink, he became belligerent and tried to pick fights with strangers.
benevolent: (benéfica benevolente) generous in providing aid to others; charitable
E.g.Mr. Fezziwig was a benevolent employer, who wished to make Christmas merrier for young Scrooge and his other employees.
besmirch: (afligem manchar) soil, smear so as to make dirty or stained
E.g.The scandalous remarks in the newspaper besmirch the reputations of every member of the society.
biased: (tendenciosa) favoring one person or side over another; prejudiced
E.g.Because the judge played golf regularly with the district attorney's father, we feared he might be biased in the prosecution's favor.
bizarre: (branquear) fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance
E.g.The plot of the novel was too bizarre to be believed.
bland: (bizarro branda) lacking stimulating or mild; agreeable
E.g.She kept her gaze level and her expression bland, but her teeth were gritted.
blandishment: (lisonja) flattery; speech or action expressive of affection or kindness, and tending to win the heart
E.g.Despite the salesperson's blandishment, the customer did not buy the outfit.
blemish: (mancha) mark with deformity; injure or impair, as anything which is excellent; make defective, either the body or mind
E.g.A newspaper article alleging he had taken bribes may blemish his reputation.
blight: (praga) blast; prevent the growth and fertility of; destroy the happiness of; ruin; frustrate
E.g.I wish to foster, not to blight -- to earn gratitude, not to wring tears of blood -- no, nor of brine: my harvest must be in smiles, in endearments, in sweet -- That will do.
blithe: (alegre) gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
E.g.Shelley called the skylark a "blithe spirit" because of its happy song.
bombastic: (bombástica) pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
E.g.The biggest military power on Earth was acting belligerent and its president was indulging in bombastic nationalistic grandstanding.
boorish: (crescendo boorish) rude and clumsy in behavior; ungentlemanly; awkward in manners
E.g.Natasha was embarrassed by her fellow spy's boorish behavior.
buffoon: (palhaço) one who makes a practice of amusing others by low tricks, antic gestures; droll; mimic; clown
E.g.This buffoon is the most self-centered idiot I have ever seen or heard.
bulwark: (baluarte) earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
E.g.The navy is our principal bulwark against invasion.
bumptious: (bumptious) offensively self-assertive; liable to give or take offense; forward; pushing
E.g.His classmates called him a show-off because of his bumptious airs.
cabal: (cabala) small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
E.g.The number of Republicans who support this man and his cabal is astonishing, but nothing will change the minds of that percentage.
cacophonous: (cacofônico) discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
E.g.Do the students in the orchestra enjoy the cacophonous sounds they make when they're tuning up? I don't know how they can stand the racket.
cadaverous: (cadavérica) like corpse; pale; Having appearance or color of dead human body
E.g.By his cadaverous appearance, we could see how the disease had ravaged him.
callous: (calo) emotionally hardened; unfeeling; toughened
E.g.He had worked in the hospital for so many years that he was callous to the suffering in the wards.
candid: (canyon) straightforward; frank; free from prejudice; impartial
E.g.In private, I gave them my candid opinion.
cantankerous: (canibal cardigan) ill humored; irritable; marked by ill-tempered contradiction or opposition; ugly; malicious
E.g.Constantly complaining about his treatment and refusing to cooperate with the hospital staff, he was a cantankerous patient.
capricious: (caprichosa) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
E.g.The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly.
captious: (capciosa) intended to confuse in an argument
E.g.I resent the way he asked that was captious question.
caricature: (caricatura) representation that is deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic effect
E.g.The caricature he drew yesterday emphasized a personal weakness of the people he burlesqued.
castigate: (criticar) criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication
E.g.When the teacher threatened that she would castigate the mischievous boys if they didn't behave, they shaped up in a hurry.
celestial: (celestes) relating to the sky or the heavens; supremely good; god or angel
E.g.She spoke of the celestial joys that awaited virtuous souls in the hereafter.
chicanery: (chicana) mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
E.g.Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred, made up all sorts of implausible alternative scenarios to confuse the jurors, and in general depended on chicanery to win the case.
chronic: (crônicas) lasting for long period; marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases
E.g.The doctors were finally able to attribute his chronic headaches to traces of formaldehyde gas in his apartment.
circumspect: (advertido) carefully aware of all circumstances; cautious
E.g.Investigating before acting, she tried always to be circumspect.
circumvent: (burlar) surround an enemy; enclose or entrap; beat by cleverness and wit
E.g.In order to circumvent the enemy, we will make two preliminary attacks in other sections before starting our major campaign.
civil: (clangor) having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
E.g.Although Internal Revenue Service agents are civil servants, they are not always courteous to suspected tax cheats.
clamorous: (clench) speaking and repeating loud words; full of clamor; calling or demanding loudly or urgently; vociferous; noisy; bawling; loud
E.g.He sprung his secret, but the surprise it occasioned was largely counterfeit and not as clamorous and effusive as it might have been under happier circumstances.
clandestine: (clandestinas) secret; conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods
E.g.After avoiding their chaperon, the lovers had a clandestine meeting.
coalition: (coalizão) partnership; league; state of being combined into one body
E.g.The Rainbow coalition united people of all races in a common cause.
coercion: (coerção) use of force to get someone to obey
E.g.The inquisitors used both physical and psychological coercion to force Joan of Arc to deny that her visions were sent by God.
cogent: (convincente) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
E.g.It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so, including a full-tuition scholarship.
collusion: (conluio) secret agreement for an illegal purpose; conspiracy
E.g.They're in collusion with the government and just want a piece of the pie like everyone else.
commodious: (cômoda) spacious and comfortable; fit; proper; convenient
E.g.After sleeping in small roadside cabins, they found their hotel suite commodious.
compatible: (compatíveis) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes
E.g.They were compatible neighbors, never quarreling over unimportant matters.
compensation: (compensação) something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injury
E.g.There are an estimated 86000 survivors around the world and almost half of them could be eligible for payments from the compensation fund.
compunction: (moodiness) feeling of deep regret; strong uneasiness caused by a sense of guilt
E.g.The judge was especially severe in his sentencing because he felt that the criminal had shown no compunction for his heinous crime.
concede: (admitem) admit; yield; give up physical control of another
E.g.Despite all the evidence Monica had assembled, Mark refused to concede that she was right.
condole: (verdejantes compadecer) grieve; express sympathy; speak sympathetically to one in pain, grief, or misfortune
E.g.My hamster died this morning, my friends condole with me and help bury him in the yard.
confederate: (Confederação) ally; form a group or unite
E.g.President Davis was captured at Irwinville, Georgia, on May 10, and the remaining confederate armies surrendered by June 1865.
congenial: (conjectura) compatible
E.g.Thus ideas already in consciousness always repel the entry uncompatible idea and make entry of the congenial idea.
conjecture: (conjectura) believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds
E.g.I can now conjecture readily that this streak of light was, in all likelihood, a gleam from a lantern carried by someone across the lawn.
consternation: (consternação) intense state of fear or dismay; astonishment combined with terror
E.g.One would never think that a hunter would display such consternation when a bear closed to camp.
consummate: (consumar) carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect
E.g.She dealt with the problem with consummate skill.
contemptuous: (Cenário) scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect
E.g.The diners were intimidated by contemptuous manner of the waiter.
convivial: (vendetta) festive; occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company
E.g.The convivial celebrators of the victory sang their college songs.
copious: (copiosa) plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply
E.g.She had copious reasons for rejecting the proposal.
corpulent: (corpulento) very fat; large in body; overweight
E.g.The corpulent man resolved to reduce.
cosmopolitan: (madrigal cosmopolita) sophisticated; of worldwide scope
E.g.Her years in the capitol had transformed her into a cosmopolitan young woman highly aware of international affairs.
coterie: (corporais) group that meets socially; an exclusive circle of people with common purpose
E.g.After his book had been published, he was invited to join the literary coterie that lunched daily at the hotel.
countenance: (rosto) give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve
E.g.He refused to countenance such rude behavior on their part.
credence: (crédito) credit; faith
E.g.A letter of credence is a letter sent by one head of state to another formally accrediting a named individual, usually but not always a diplomat.
credible: (crédito) capable of being credited or believed; worthy of belief; entitled to confidence; trustworthy
E.g.The UN spokesman says the Stabilization Mission will continue to help the electoral commission achieve a credible vote.
credulous: (crédulos) apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
E.g.They are credulous people who believe in the advertisement.
cringe: (cringe) shrink or recoil, as in fear, disgust or embarrassment; bend or crouch with base humility
E.g.One thing that makes me cringe is seeing politicians from the mainstream parties acting as apologists for voters.
crucial: (fundamental) of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance
E.g.The meeting of today is the crucial moment in his career.
cryptic: (enigmática) having hidden meaning; mystifying; using code or cipher
E.g.Here are a couple of verses written in cryptic rhyme from some of my currently published books.
curb: (esperteza travar) bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain
E.g.Paradoxically, Ray's strong-arming may be helping to curb violence in Bangalore.
cursory: (superficial) casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed
E.g.Because a cursory examination of the ruins indicates the possibility of arson, we believe the insurance agency should undertake a more extensive investigation of the fire's cause.
curt: (culto curt) having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner
E.g.The grouchy shop assistant was curt with one of her customers, which resulted in a reprimand from her manager.
cynical: (orador) skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic
E.g.What I find sad, and cynical, is that this guy is essentially saying things will not be better by 2012.
dearth: (reiterar penúria) scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops
E.g.The dearth of skilled labor compelled the employers to open trade schools.
deference: (deferência) willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect
E.g.In deference to the minister's request, please do not take photographs during the wedding service.
deity: (deidade) god; divinity; supernatural things
E.g.The earmarks of such a religion are: faith in a supreme deity, hope of eternal survival, and love, especially of one's fellows.
delectable: (deliciosa) delightful; delicious; extremely pleasing to the sense of taste
E.g.We thanked our host for a most delectable meal.
delete: (apagar) erase; strike out; remove or make invisible
E.g.Less is more: if you delete this paragraph, your whole essay will have greater appeal.
delineate: (implementar) portray; depict; draw or trace outline of; sketch out
E.g.Using only a few descriptive phrases, you delineate the character of Mr. Collins so well that we can predict his every move.
delinquent: (delinqüente) failing in duty; offending by neglect of duty.
E.g.The couple say their mortgage servicer, CitiMortgage, reported to the credit bureaus that they made partial payments that were delinquent.
deluge: (dilúvio) great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water
E.g.When we advertised the position, we received a deluge of applications.
demeanor: (comportamento) conduct; management; way in which a person behaves
E.g.It'll be interesting to see what her demeanor is and what kind of witness she is.
demure: (recatada) modest and reserved in manner or behavior
E.g.She was demure and reserved, a nice modest girl whom any young man would be proud to take home to his mother.
denounce: (denunciar) condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner
E.g.The reform candidate kept to denounce the corrupt city officers for having betrayed the public's trust.
deplete: (empobrecem) decrease fullness of; use up or empty out
E.g.We must wait until we deplete our present inventory before we order replacements.
deplore: (lamentam) feel or express strong disapproval of; condemn; express sorrow or grief over; regret
E.g.Although I deplore the vulgarity of your language, I defend your right to express yourself freely.
deprecate: (censura) express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
E.g.A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy, Miss Post must deprecate the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names.
depreciate: (depreciar) lessen price or value of; think or speak of as being of little worth; belittle
E.g.If you neglect this property, it will depreciate.
devastation: (devastação) an event that results in total destruction; the state of being decayed or destroyed
E.g.Only a few years ago the River Oder on the Polish-German border caused huge amounts of devastation.
devious: (desonesto) departing from correct or accepted way; misleading; not straightforward
E.g.The story of Byzantine art, though not precisely devious, is not straightforward either.
devoid: (unanimidade desprovida) completely lacking; barren or empty
E.g.You may think her mind is a total void, but she's actually not devoid of intelligence. She just sounds like an airhead.
devout: (devota) expressing devotion or piety; earnest in religious field
E.g.Where he is described as a devout man who feared God with all his household, gave charity to the people, and prayed continually to God.
dilemma: (dilema) predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options
E.g.It could create a painful dilemma for the group's members: either accept a lower price or give up additional production quotas they have just given themselves.
disconcert: (desconcerto) confuse; frustrate by throwing into disorder; embarrass
E.g.The evidence produced by her adversary does disconcert the lawyer.
disconsolate: (desconsolado) sad; cheerless; gloomy; hopeless or not expecting
E.g.The death of his wife left him disconsolate.
discourse: (discurso) formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversation
E.g.The young Plato was drawn to the Agora to hear the philosophical discourse of Socrates and his followers.
discrete: (discretos) separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts
E.g.The universe is composed of discrete bodies.
discursive: (discursiva) tending to depart from main point or cover a wide range of subjects
E.g.As the lecturer wandered from topic to topic, we wondered what if any point there was to his discursive remarks.
disparity: (disparidade) difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree
E.g.Their disparity in rank made no difference at all to the prince and Cinderella.
dispassionate: (desapaixonada) calm; impartial; unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice
E.g.Known in the company for his cool judgment, Bill could impartially examine the causes of a problem, giving a dispassionate analysis of what had gone wrong, and go on to suggest how to correct the mess.
dispatch: (expedição) act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste
E.g.He sent a dispatch to headquarters informing his commander of the great victory.
dispel: (dissipar) scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
E.g.The bright sunlight eventually might dispel the morning mist.
dissent: (dissidência) differ in opinion or feeling; withhold assent or approval
E.g.They dissent from the Bishops Conferences, not the Universal Church, and their issue is not on “faith and morals,” but on social policy
dissolute: (dissoluta) lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices
E.g.The dissolute life led by the ancient Romans is indeed shocking.
distraught: (apagar) deeply agitated, as from emotional conflict; mad; insane
E.g.Her father had recently died and her mother was still distraught from the loss.
diverse: (diversos) differing in some characteristics; various
E.g.The professor suggested diverse ways of approaching the assignment and recommended that we choose one of them.
divulge: (divulgar) reveal; make known to public
E.g.Will update regarding the details, but all I can divulge is that it involves a really good-looking guy.
dogmatic: (dogmática) stubbornly adhering to insufficiently proven beliefs; inflexible, rigid
E.g.We tried to discourage Doug from being so dogmatic, but never could convince him that his opinions might be wrong.
dynamic: (dinâmico) energetic; vigorously active
E.g.The dynamic aerobics instructor kept her students on the run.
ecclesiastic: (eclesiásticas) minister or priest; cleric; one holding an office in the Christian ministry
E.g.This talented ecclesiastic is also responsible for restoration of the Church in Tlalpan, on the outskirts of the Federal District.
edict: (edital) decree ,especially issued by a sovereign; official command
E.g.The emperor issued an edict decreeing that everyone should come see him model his magnificent new clothes.
edify: (edificar) instruct or correct, especially so as to encourage intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement
E.g.Although his purpose was to edify and not to entertain his audience, many of his listeners were amused rather than enlightened.
egregious: (flagrantes) notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
E.g.She was an egregious liar; we all knew better than to believe a word she said.
elicit: (provocar) draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer
E.g.The detectives tried to elicit where he had hidden his loot.
elucidate: (elucidar) make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify
E.g.He was called upon to elucidate the disputed points in his article.
emissary: (emissário) agent sent on a mission to represent or advance the interests of another
E.g.A native of Brazil, Bella considers herself a kind of emissary from the Brazilian community.
engender: (gerar) cause; bring into existence; give rise to
E.g.To receive praise for real accomplishments would engender self-confidence in a child.
ennui: (ennui) feeling of being bored by something tedious
E.g.The monotonous routine of hospital life induced a feeling of ennui that made him moody and irritable.
ensue: (advir) pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence
E.g.The evils ensue from lack of a stable government.
entreat: (suplicar) plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestly
E.g.She had to entreat her father to let her stay out till midnight.
ephemeral: (truques) short-lived; enduring a very short time
E.g.The mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life lasts little more than a day.
epigram: (epigrama) witty thought or saying, usually short; short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation
E.g.The disadvantage of the epigram is the temptation it affords to good people to explain it to the others who are assumed to be too obtuse to comprehend it alone.
epitaph: (epitáfio) inscription on tombstone in memory
E.g.In his will, he dictated the epitaph he wanted placed on his tombstone.
epithet: (epíteto) word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing
E.g.So many kings of France were named Charles that you could tell one apart only by his epithet: Charles the Wise was someone far different from Charles the Fat.
equanimity: (serenidade) calmness of temperament; steadiness of mind under stress.
E.g.Even the inevitable strains of caring for an ailing mother did not disturb Bea's equanimity.
erratic: (errático) no fixed or regular course; wandering
E.g.State Senate Minority Leader, a Democrat, accused him of engaging in erratic behavior.
erudite: (erudito) learned; scholarly, with emphasis on knowledge gained from books
E.g.Though his fellow students thought him erudite, Paul knew he would have to spend many years in serious study before he could consider himself a scholar.
esoteric: (esotérico) hard to understand; known only in a particular group
E.g.The New Yorker short stories often include esoteric allusions to obscure people and events.
exceptionable: (contestavelmente) open or liable to objection or debate; liable to cause disapproval
E.g.Do you find the punk rock band Green Day a highly exceptionable, thoroughly distasteful group, or do you think they are exceptionally talented performers?.
exculpate: (desculpar) pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
E.g.The court will exculpate him of the crime after the real criminal confesses.
exemplary: (exemplares) serving as model; outstanding; typical
E.g.But the official Miss America website stresses you performed all your duties in exemplary fashion before you gave up the crown.
exodus: (êxodo) departure of a large number of people
E.g.The exodus from the hot and stuffy city was particularly noticeable on Friday evenings.
exotic: (exóticos) from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual
E.g.Because of his exotic headdress, he was followed in the streets by small children who laughed at his strange appearance.
expatriate: (estrangeiros) someone who has withdrawn from his native land
E.g.Henry James was an American expatriate who settled in England.
expedient: (expediente) suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interest
E.g.A pragmatic politician, he was guided by what was expedient rather than by what was ethical.
exploit: (explorar) make use of, sometimes unjustly
E.g.Cesar Chavez fought attempts to exploit migrant farm workers in California.
expound: (expor) explain or describe in detail
E.g.The teachers expound on the theory of relativity for hours.
expurgate: (detergente) clean; remove offensive parts of book
E.g.The editors decided to expurgate certain passages in the book before it could be used in the classroom.
extinct: (extintos) no longer existing or living; vanished; dead
E.g.There are about 35 different kinds of extinct kangaroos in these deposits, none of them looked like anything we know today because they didn't hop.
extirpate: (extirpar) root out; eradicate, literally or figuratively; destroy wholly
E.g.The policemen extirpate the criminals after many years of investigation.
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