Elementary Academic Words

Words for students from kindergarten to grade 8, each grade has 4 lists: art, math, science, and social. They are essential vocabulary for elementary academic classes.

Grade 6: Word List - Social
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artifacts  Read Word
object produced or shaped by human craft, especially a tool, weapon, or ornament of archaeological or historical interest
barter economy  Read Word
a system of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money
Buddhism  Read Word
a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha
caste system  Read Word
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
Chinese civilization  Read Word
a country of eastern Asia, ancient civilization traditionally dates to c. 2700 b.c
Christianity  Read Word
the collective body of Christians throughout the world and history
city states  Read Word
a state consisting of a sovereign city
command economy  Read Word
an economy in which production, investment, prices, and incomes are determined centrally by a government
constitutional monarchies  Read Word
a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the guidelines of a constitution
dictatorship  Read Word
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
Egypt civilization  Read Word
a country of northeast Africa and the Sinai Peninsula on the Mediterranean Sea, in ancient times it was a flourishing kingdom and one of the earliest known civilizations
feudal system  Read Word
the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
Greek civilization  Read Word
ancient Greece was an ancient civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity.
Hinduism  Read Word
the religion of most people in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal
impact  Read Word
forceful consequence; strong effect; influencing strongly
Incan civilization  Read Word
the Andean civilizations made up a loose patchwork of different cultures that developed from the highlands of Colombia to the Atacama Desert
irrigation  Read Word
supplying water to the land to help crops grow
Islam  Read Word
the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
Judaism  Read Word
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
lake  Read Word
a purplish red pigment prepared from lac or cochineal; a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land
market economy  Read Word
an economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices
Mayan civilization  Read Word
noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems
migration  Read Word
movement of persons from one country or locality to another
monarchy  Read Word
government under a single ruler
nomadic  Read Word
leading a wandering life with no fixed abode; changeable; unsettled
oligarchy  Read Word
government by a few persons, especially by a small faction of persons or families
peninsula  Read Word
a piece of land almost completely surrounded by water but joined to a larger mass of land
physical regions  Read Word
natural region is a basic geographic unit
plateau  Read Word
highland; upland; relatively flat highland
political  Read Word
of or relating to your views about social relationships involving authority or power; of or relating to the profession of governing
representative democracy  Read Word
a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy
Roman civilization  Read Word
the history of Rome spans 2,800 years of the existence of a city that grew from a small Latin village in the 9th century BC into the center of a vast civilization that dominated the Mediterranean region for centuries
settlement patterns  Read Word
distribution of human settlements on the landscape