Worksheets of Neshaminy School District for 10th Grade

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 Worksheets of Neshaminy School District for 10th Grade

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Worksheets of Neshaminy School District for 10th Grade

abjure
v. renounce upon oath; abandon forever
abstract
a. theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
abstruse
a. obscure; profound; difficult to understand.
accretion
n. growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
acerbic
a. sour or bitter in taste; harsh or corrosive in tone
acquiesce
v. assent; accept, comply, or submit tacitly or passively
acrimonious
a. bitter and sharp in language, tone, or manner
acrimony
n. animosity, sharp or bitter hatred
adroit
a. skillful and adept under pressing conditions
adumbrate
v. give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
aesthete
n. one who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art and nature
agnostic
n. one who is skeptical of existence of a god or any ultimate reality
altruism
n. the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
altruistic
a. unselfishly generous; concerned for others
ambidextrous
a. capable of using either hand with equal ease
ambulatory
a. able to walk; formed or adapted for walking; not stationary
amorphous
a. formless; lacking shape or definition
anachronism
n. an artifact that belongs to another time
analogous
a. comparable in certain respects; similar or alike
anathema
n. solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
anodyne
n. source of relaxation or comfort; medicine that relieves pain
aphasia
n. loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
n. definition or concise statement of principle; tersely phrased statement of truth or opinion
apostrophe
n. text character used to mark the possessive or to show the omission of letters or numbers
ascetic
a. leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
assignation
n. a secret rendezvous (especially between lovers)
assonance
n. the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
astringent
a. causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere
augury
n. sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens
auspicious
a. attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
austere
a. strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented
autonomous
a. self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent
axiom
n. self-evident truth requiring no proof
baleful
a. portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
banal
a. obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality
beleaguer
v. besiege or attack; harass; surround with troops
bellicose
a. warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative
bemused
a. confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
benighted
a. in a state of intellectual or moral ignorance, typically owing to a lack of opportunity
bevy
n. large group; a group of animals or birds, especially larks or quail
bilk
v. defraud or cheat; frustrate or disappoint; evade or escape from
blasphemous
a. characterized by profanity or cursing
blithe
a. gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
bombastic
a. pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
bonhomie
n. a disposition to be friendly and approachable (easy to talk to)
breach
n. breaking of contract or duty
broach
v. introduce; bring up for discussion or debate; announce
burgeon
v. grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly
calumny
n. false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander
capacious
a. capable of containing a large quantity; spacious or roomy
capitulate
v. surrender; end all resistance; give up; go along with or comply
capricious
a. fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
celerity
n. swiftness of action or motion; speed
censorious
a. critical; addicted to censure; severe in making remarks on others, or on their writings or manners; implying or expressing censure
chalice
n. goblet; bowl-shaped drinking vessel; large drinking cup, often having stem and base
chary
a. cautious; sparing or restrained about giving
chicanery
n. mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
choleric
a. hot-tempered; easily angered; bad-tempered; expressing anger
circumlocution
n. indirect or roundabout expression; evasion in speech or writing
circumspect
a. carefully aware of all circumstances; cautious
clairvoyant
n. having foresight; fortuneteller
cogent
a. reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
cognate
a. related by blood; having common ancestor; related or analogous in nature, character, or function
complicity
n. participation; involvement as partner or accomplice, especially in crime or other wrongdoing
concave
a. hollow; curved like inner surface of sphere
conciliatory
a. making or willing to yield, or to make concessions
concord
n. agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things
concordance
n. agreement of opinions
Confluence
n. a place where things merge or flow together (especially rivers)
congenital
a. present at birth; inborn; innate
conscientious
a. wishing to do what is right, especially to do one's work or duty well and thoroughly; diligent; responsible; reliable
constituent
n. component or part; citizen, voter
construe
v. make sense of; assign a meaning to
contrite
a. feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses
convalescence
n. gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
convoluted
a. coiled around; highly involved; intricate
copious
a. plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply
corporeal
a. bodily; of a material nature; tangible
cosmopolitan
a. sophisticated; of worldwide scope
cupidity
n. greed; excessive desire, especially for wealth
cursory
a. casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed
dearth
n. scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops
debauch
v. corrupt; seduce from virtue
debilitate
v. make weak; enfeeble; impair the strength of
declivity
n. downward slope, as of a hill
decry
v. express strong disapproval of; disparage
definitive
a. final; complete; precisely defined or explicit
defunct
a. dead; no longer in use or existence
deleterious
a. having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
delineate
v. portray; depict; draw or trace outline of; sketch out
denude
v. strip (something) of its covering, possessions, or assets; make bare
desultory
a. aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with subject
dexterous
a. skillful in the use of the hands; having mental skill
diaphanous
a. so thin as to transmit light
diatribe
n. thunderous verbal attack
dictum
n. a formal pronouncement from an authoritative source
differentiate
v. set apart; distinguish; perceive or show difference in or between
diffidence
n. lack of self-confidence
disburse
v. expend, as from a fund
discretionary
a. having or using the ability to act or decide according to your own discretion or judgment
discursive
a. tending to depart from main point or cover a wide range of subjects
disgorge
v. bring up and expel from throat or stomach; vomit; discharge or pour forth contents
divination
n. successful conjecture by unusual insight or good luck
doctrinaire
a. unable to compromise about points of doctrine; unyielding
dour
a. stubbornly unyielding; marked by sternness or harshness
ebullient
a. showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
effervescent
a. used of wines and waters; charged naturally or artificially with carbon dioxide
effluvia
n. waste; foul-smelling outflow or vapor
egregious
a. notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
emollient
n. having softening or soothing effect, especially to skin
endemic
a. prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
enjoin
v. direct or impose with urgent appeal; order with emphasis
ephemeral
a. short-lived; enduring a very short time
epitome
n. representative or perfect example of a class or type; brief summary, as of a book or article
epochal
a. highly significant or important especially bringing about or marking the beginning of a new development or era
equivocal
a. open to two or more interpretations and often intended to mislead
equivocate
v. lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
errant
a. wandering; deviating from an appointed course, or from a direct path; roving; irregular in motion
eschew
v. avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand aloof from
ethereal
a. light as air; heavenly; unusually refined
euphemism
n. mild expression to replace offensive, unpleasant, or embarrassing one
euphoria
n. feeling of great happiness and well-being, sometimes exaggerated
exacerbate
v. increase severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate
excommunicate
v. oust or exclude from a group or membership by decree
execrable
a. very bad; extremely inferiorl; intolerable; very hateful
exorbitant
a. greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation; exceeding proper limits
expurgate
v. clean; remove offensive parts of book
exult
v. rejoice; feel extreme happiness
facile
a. done or achieved with little effort or difficulty; ready or fluent
fallacious
a. false; tending to mislead; deceptive
farcical
a. broadly or extravagantly humorous; resembling farce
fatuous
a. foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way
fecund
a. capable of producing offspring or vegetation
fervid
a. extremely hot; eager; impassioned; burning
foible
n. moral weakness; failing; weak point; slight fault
forestall
v. prevent by taking action in advance
forte
n. particular skill; special talent
fraught
a. furnished or equipped; sufficient to satisfy
frenzied
a. madly excited; in state of hurry, panic or wild activity
frivolous
a. lacking in seriousness; not serious; relatively unimportant
gambol
v. dance and skip about in sport; leap playfully
gamely
ad. bravely; in game manner; in willing and spirited fashion
glower
v. look at with a fixed gaze; angry stare
gnarl
v. make complaining remarks or noises under one's breath
grandiose
a. impressive from inherent grandeur; large and impressive, in size, scope or extent
gratuitous
a. given freely; unwarranted; granted without recompense; unearned
gustatory
a. relating to sense of taste; relating to gustation
hackneyed
a. repeated too often; over familiar through overuse
harbinger
n. forerunner; an indication of approach of something or someone
harbor
v. provide a refuge for; hide; give shelter to
harrowing
a. agonizing; distressing extremely painful
haughty
a. high; lofty; bold; arrogant; overbearing
hearten
v. give encouragement to
hermetic
a. sealed by fusion so as to be airtight
hidebound
a. stubbornly conservative and narrow-minded
hypothermia
n. subnormal body temperature
ilk
n. a type of people or things similar to those already referred to
imbue
v. inspire or influence thoroughly; stain or dye deeply or completely
immutable
a. unable to be changed without exception; not mutable
impasse
n. road or passage having no exit; deadlock
impassive
a. without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited
impertinent
a. improperly forward or bold; rude
impetuous
a. marked by sudden and violent force; hasty; impulsive and passionate
impound
v. shut up or place in an enclosure called a pound; gather and retain in a reservoir, basin, or pond
impressionable
a. readily or easily influenced; suggestible; capable of receiving impressions; emotional
impudent
a. improperly forward or bold; marked by casual disrespect
incarnate
a. embodied in human form; invested with bodily nature and form
incendiary
n. arsonist; bomb that is designed to start fires
incense
v. enrage; infuriate; cause to be extremely angry
inchoate
a. recently begun; imperfectly formed or developed; elementary
incipient
a. beginning to exist or appear; in an early stage
incongruous
a. not fitting; lacking in harmony or compatibility
incredulous
a. difficult to believe; incredible; skeptical
indefatigable
a. tireless; showing sustained enthusiastic action
indelible
a. impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent
inestimable
a. beyond calculation or measure
inexorable
a. not capable of being swayed; unyielding; implacable
inextricable
a. not permitting extrication; incapable of being disentangled or untied
infiltrate
v. pass into or through; penetrate with hostile intent
infirmity
n. weakness; bodily ailment or weakness, especially one brought on by old age
ingress
n. the act of entering
innocuous
a. having no adverse effect; harmless
insidious
a. spreading harmfully in a subtle manner; designed or adapted to entrap
insolvent
a. bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts
insular
a. of isolated people, especially having a narrow viewpoint
integral
a. essential or necessary for completeness; entire
interdict
v. destroy by firepower, such as an enemy's line of communication
interject
v. to insert between other elements
interminable
a. being or seeming to be without an end; endless; tedious; continual
interpolate
v. estimate the value of
intractable
a. difficult to manage or govern; stubborn; unyielding
intrinsic
a. relating to essential nature of a thing; inherent; built-in
inundate
v. overwhelm; cover with water, especially floodwaters
inviolable
a. secure from corruption, attack, or violation; unassailable
iridescent
a. exhibiting or giving out colors like those of rainbow; gleaming or shimmering with rainbow colors
jettison
v. throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceship
jocular
a. humorous, amusing or joking; sportive; not serious
juggernaut
n. overwhelming, advancing force that crushes or seems to crush everything in its path
lachrymose
a. weeping or inclined to weep; tearful; showing sorrow
lackadaisical
a. lacking purpose or zest; halfhearted; lacking spirit or liveliness
laggard
a. slow; sluggish; wasting time
lassitude
n. state or feeling of weariness, diminished energy, or listlessness
liberation
n. the attempt to achieve equal rights or status
limpid
a. clear, transparent or bright; calm, untroubled, and without worry
loquacious
a. talkative; given to continual talking; chattering
machination
n. clever scheme or artful plot, usually crafted for evil purposes
macrocosm
n. the whole universe or entire world; complex structure, such as society, considered as single entity that contains numerous smaller-scale structures
maladroit
a. showing lack of skill; clumsy or awkward
malediction
n. curse; evil speaking; utterance of curse or execration
malodorous
a. foul-smelling; having bad or offensive odor
megalomania
n. mental disorder with delusions of grandeur
menagerie
n. collection of live wild animals on exhibition; enclosure in which wild animals are kept
mendicant
n. beggar; religious friar forbidden to own personal property who begs for living
meritorious
a. deserving reward or praise
microcosm
n. small, representative system having analogies to larger system; miniature model of something
militate
v. have force or influence; bring about an effect or change
misconstrue
v. interpret incorrectly; misjudge; mistake the meaning of
misrepresentation
n. a willful perversion of facts
mollify
v. make less rigid or softer; calm in temper or feeling
monochromatic
a. having only one color; viewing only one color, total color blindness
monogamy
n. having only one spouse at a time
monolith
n. a single great stone (often in the form of a column or obelisk)
monologue
n. speech uttered by a person alone; dramatic soliloquy
montage
n. photographic composition combining elements from different sources
morbid
a. caused by disease; pathological or diseased; unhealthy or unwholesome
mores
n. conventions; moral standards; accepted traditional customs
mote
n. tiny piece of anything; very small particle
motley
a. multi-colored; mixed; having elements of great variety
mottle
v. colour with streaks or blotches of different shades
multifaceted
a. having many facets or aspects
mundane
a. belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly; concerned with commonplaces; ordinary
munificent
a. very liberal in giving; showing great generosity
myopic
a. nearsighted; lacking foresight; narrow minded
nadir
n. lowest point; point on sphere opposites zenith diametrically
nefarious
a. very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked
negligent
a. careless; inattentive
negligible
a. so small, trifling, or unimportant that it may be easily disregarded
neologism
n. new or newly invented word or phrase
neophyte
n. recent convert to a belief; one newly initiated
nether
a. situated down or below; lying beneath, or in the lower part; having a lower position; lower; under;
noisome
a. foul-smelling; offensive by arousing disgust; harmful or dangerous
noxious
a. harmful to living things; injurious to health
nuptial
a. relating to marriage or wedding ceremony
obdurate
a. hardened in wrongdoing or wickedness; not giving in to persuasion
obliterate
v. destroy completely; do away with completely so as to leave no trace
obsequious
a. slavishly attentive; attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
obtrusive
a. inclined to intrude or thrust one's self or one's opinions upon others; enter uninvited; forward; pushing; intrusive.
occlude
v. block passage through
officious
a. marked by excessive eagerness in offering unwanted services or advice to others
omnipotent
a. all-powerful; having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force
omnivorous
a. eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything; having interest in a variety of subjects
opulence
n. extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
opulent
a. rich and superior in quality
ornithologist
n. one who makes special study of birds
oscillate
v. swing back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm; vibrate pendulum like; waver
ostentatious
a. showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
ostracism
n. the act of excluding someone from society by general consent
ostracize
v. exclude from community or group; banish by popular vote
paleontology
n. study of prehistoric life; science of former life of the globe
palisade
n. fortification consisting of a strong fence made of stakes driven into the ground
palpable
a. tangible; easily perceptible; unmistakable
panegyric
n. formal or high praise; formal eulogistic composition intended as public compliment
pariah
n. social outcast; person who is rejected from society or home
parsimony
n. extreme care in spending money; reluctance to spend money unnecessarily
particular
a. special or more than usual
partisan
a. one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party
paucity
n. scarcity; smallness of number; fewness
peculation
n. the fraudulent appropriation of funds or property entrusted to your care but actually owned by someone else
pedantic
a. marked by narrow focus on or display of learning, especially formal rules and trivial points
penchant
n. strong inclination; definite liking
penitent
a. feeling or expressing deep regret for misdeeds
penury
n. extreme poverty; lack of something; barrenness; insufficiency
perfidious
a. tending to betray; disloyal; faithless
perfidy
n. act of violating faith or allegiance; violation of a promise or vow, or of trust reposed; faithlessness; treachery
perjure
v. knowingly tell an untruth in a legal court and render oneself guilty of perjury
permeable
a. penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through
perspicacious
a. having keen insight; mentally perceptive; astute
perusal
n. reading carefully with intent to remember
pestilence
n. any epidemic disease with a high death rate
posthumous
a. happening after a person's death, as of child born after father's death
prescient
a. perceiving the significance of events before they occur
presentment
n. formal presentation of information to court;
presumptuous
a. overconfident; going beyond what is right or proper; excessively forward
pretentious
a. intended to attract notice and impress others; making unjustified claims; overly ambitious
proclivity
n. inclination; natural tendency; readiness; facility of learning
prodigious
a. impressively great in size, force, or extent; enormous
progeny
n. one derived from another; offspring or descendant; result of creative effort, as product
proliferation
n. rapid growth; spread; increase in size by reproduction
propensity
n. natural inclination; tendency or preference; predilection
prosaic
a. dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; factual
protagonist
n. principal character in a work of fiction; main character in a drama; leader of a cause; champion
protean
a. versatile; able to take on many shapes; readily taking on varied shapes
quadrilateral
n. four-sided polygon; having four sides
querulous
a. habitually complaining; expressing complaint or grievance
quiescence
n. a state of quiet (but possibly temporary) inaction
rancid
a. having disagreeable odor or taste of decomposing oils or fats
raucous
a. harsh and rough-sounding; disturbing public peace; loud and rough
ravage
v. bring heavy destruction on; devastate
receptive
a. quick or willing to receive ideas, suggestions; capable of receiving
rectitude
n. uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
redress
n. remedy; compensation; act of correcting error or fault
refute
v. disprove; prove to be false or incorrect
reiterate
v. say, state, or perform again or repeatedly
rejoinder
n. retort; comeback; answer to a reply
remission
n. temporary moderation of disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt; lessening of intensity or degree
replicate
v. duplicate, copy, reproduce, or repeat; fold over or bend back
repose
n. relaxation; leisure; freedom from worry; peace of mind
reprehensible
a. deserving blame; admonition; blameworthy
reprise
n. musical repetition; repeat performance; recurrent action
reproach
v. express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgrace
reprobate
n. person hardened in sin; person without moral scruples
respire
v. breathe easily again, as after exertion or anxiety
respite
n. usually short interval of rest or relief; delay in punishment
restive
a. impatient under restraint or opposition; resisting control; difficult to control
retinue
n. following members; attendants accompanying high-ranking person
retrograde
v. go backwards; decline to inferior state; degenerate
rhetoric
n. art or study of using language effectively and persuasively; insincere language
ribald
a. coarse or indecent; humorously vulgar or offensive
sagacious
a. perceptive; shrewd; having insight
salient
a. prominent or protruding; projecting outwardly; moving by leaps or springs
sardonic
a. disdainful or ironically humorous; cynical; scornful and mocking
satiate
v. satisfy fully; overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
savant
n. scholar; man of learning or science; one eminent for learning
scurrilous
n. obscene; indecent; expressing offensive reproach
sedentary
a. requiring sitting; accustomed to sitting or to taking little exercise; living in one area, not migratory
sentient
a. endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness
sequester
v. isolate; retire from public life; segregate; seclude
seraphic
a. angelic; having sweet nature befitting an angel
serrated
a. saw-like; having a row of sharp or tooth-like projections
sobriquet
n. nickname; familiar name for person, typically shortened version of given name
solicitous
a. worried or concerned; full of desire; expressing care or concern
soliloquy
n. talking to oneself; act of a character speaking to himself so as to reveal his thoughts to audience
sonorous
a. having or producing full, loud, or deep sound; impressive in style of speech; easy to feel
sophistry
n. argument for exercise merely; plausible but misleading argument; art or process of reasoning; logic
sophomoric
a. immature; half-baked, like a sophomore
soporific
a. sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
sportive
a. playful; relating to or interested in sports
sprightly
a. lively; brisk; animated; vigorous; airy; gay
stark
a. bare; complete or extreme
stratagem
n. deceptive scheme; military maneuver designed to deceive or surprise enemy
subpoena
n. written order to require appearance in court to give testimony
succinct
a. brief or compact; by clear, precise expression in few words
succulent
a. full of juicy; full of richness; highly interesting or enjoyable; delectable
superannuated
v. declare to be obsolete
supercilious
a. arrogant; feeling or showing haughty disdain; overbearing
supplicant
n. someone who prays to God
surmount
v. overcome or conquer; climb; place something above; be above or on top of
surreptitious
a. secret; done or made by stealth, or without proper authority; made or introduced fraudulently
swarthy
a. dark; dusky; naturally having skin of a dark color
synopsis
n. a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory
synthesis
n. combining parts into a coherent whole; putting of two or more things togethe
synthetic
a. artificial; involving or of the nature of synthesis as opposed to analysis
tableau
n. striking and vivid representation; picture
tawdry
a. cheap in nature or appearance; tastelessly showy; shameful or indecent
temerity
n. boldness; rashness; foolhardy disregard of danger
tempestuous
a. very stormy; turbulent; rough with wind; impassioned; violent
tensile
a. capable of being stretched or extended; ductile
toady
n. person who flatters or defers to others for self-serving reasons; yes man
transcription
n. a sound or television recording (e.g., from a broadcast to a tape recording)
tremulous
a. marked by trembling, quivering, or shaking; timid or fearful; timorous
turgid
a. swollen; distended; excessively ornate or complex in style or language
undulate
a. having a wavy margin and rippled surface
unfathomable
a. difficult or impossible to understand; difficult or impossible to measure
unfrock
v. strip a priest or minister of church authority; remove from status as member of clergy
unheralded
a. without warning or announcement
unsolicited
a. not requested, welcome or invited
unwarranted
a. having no justification; groundless; not guaranteed to be good, sound, or of a certain quality
upbraid
v. severely criticize; reprimand; reprove sharply
uproarious
a. characterized by loud, confused noise, or by noisy and uncontrollable laughter
usurp
v. seize and hold power or rights of another by force or without legal authority
veneration
n. religious zeal; willingness to serve God
verbatim
ad. using exactly the same words; corresponding word for word
verbose
a. wordy; using or containing a great and usually an excessive number of words
verdant
a. green; full of juice in vegetation
verity
n. truth, fact or reality, especially enduring religious or ethical truth
vernal
a. related to spring; suggestive of youth; vigorous and fresh
virile
a. marked by energy and vigor; manly; able to copulate, as for male
vociferous
a. offensively loud; noisy; making outcry
volley
n. flight of missiles; round of gunshots; tennis return made by hitting the ball before it bounces
voluble
a. fluent; glib; talkative; marked by ready flow of speech
voluminous
a. large in volume or bulk; large in number or quantity, especially of discourse
voracious
a. ravenous; excessively greedy and grasping; devouring or craving food in great quantities
waver
v. play or move to and fro; move one way and the other; swing; be unsettled in opinion