10th Grade Words for Clovis, CA, USA

Words for 10th Grade students of Clovis Unified School District.
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 10th Grade Words for Clovis Unified School District
aberration
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n. a departure from the norm or what is considered right, natural, or normal; a flaw or defect
abominate
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v. to hate or loathe intensely
abridge
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v. to shorten in duration or extent; to diminish
accolade
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n. an expression of approval or respect for special merit; a award
accost
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v. to approach and speak to in an aggressive or challenging way
acoustic
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adj. relating to sound or hearing
acrimony
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n. bitterness or sharpness of temper, manner, or speech; hostility
adamant
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adj. not yielding; firm
adjacent
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adj. near or next to; adjoining
adjudicate
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v. to hear and decide judicially; to judge
adjunct
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n. something or someone joined or added to something else but not essentially a part of it
adulate
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v. to flatter or admire excessively; to idolize
affinity
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n. attraction for someone or something with which one feels a closeness or kinship
aftermath
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n. a consequence or result, often a negative one
aggregate
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n. a group of things gathered into a whole; sum total
agrarian
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adj. having to do with farming or agriculture
allocate
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v. to set aside for a specific purpose; to allot
altercation
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n. a loud and determined dispute; a noisy quarrel
ambivalent
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adj. having mixed, often opposing, feeling about something or someone; indecisive
ameliorate
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v. to make better; to become better; to improve
amenable
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adj. responsive; willing to be controlled or to take advice
animosity
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n. intense ill will
annals
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n. a historical record of events, often arranged in a yearly sequence
antiquated
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adj. grown old; out-of-date
aphorism
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n. a short of truth or principle; an adage
ascribe
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v. to attribute to a source or a cause
asperity
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n. sharpness or harshness of manner
assemblage
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n. a collection or gathering of people or things
assiduous
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adj. diligent and persistent
attest
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v. to declare or be evidence of something as true, genuine, or accurate
augur
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v. to predict future events, especially from omens
august
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adj. inspiring great respect or admiration; noble
aura
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n. a distinctive atmosphere or feeling that seems to surround someone or something; a distinctive appearance or impression
auspices
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n. protection, support, or guidance; patronage
auspicious
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adj. favorable, promising
avarice
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n. greed for wealth
axiom
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n. a statement or principle that requires no proof because ints truth is obvious
baleful
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adj. expressing hatred or evil; harmful, ominous
banal
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adj. lacking freshness; trite
bane
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n. a person or thing that destroys or causes harm
bastion
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n. a fortified area or position; a person, place, or thing that is a source of strength
beleaguer
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v. to surround with troubles; to harass
belie
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v. to give a false impression of; to contradict
bemuse
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v. to confuse or bewilder
berate
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v. to criticize vigorously; to scold vehemently
beset
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v. to surround or attack repeatedly
bilk
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v. to cheat our of what is due
buffoon
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n. a person who often makes attempts to be funny; a clown; a fool
burgeon
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v. to grow and expand rapidly; to flourish
carnage
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n. great destruction of life; slaughter
castigate
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v. to punish by criticizing sharply; to berate
cataclysm
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n. a sudden and violent change; a catastrophe
catharsis
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n. a releasing of the emotions, often through the arts, that brings about spiritual renewal or a relieving of tension
cautionary
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adj. offering or serving as a warning
cavil
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n. a minor criticism
cede
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v. to give up or transfer, especially by treaty or formal agreement
celestial
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adj. of or relating to the skies or heavens
centennial
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n. a one-hundredth anniversary or its celebration
certitude
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n. the state of being certain of the truth or rightness of something
cessation
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n. a stopping, either final or temporary
charisma
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n. a special quality in a person that inspires devotion or fascination in others
chary
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adj. exercising caution; hesitant
churlish
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adj. lacking good manners; rude, impolite
circuitous
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adj. roundabout; indirect
circumvent
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v. to avoid through craftiness
clique
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n. a small, exclusive group; a group held together by like interests or purpose
cognizant
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adj. fully aware; taking notice
cohort
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n. one who assists another, especially in a dubious or criminal activity; an accomplice
colloquial
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adj. characterized by informal language
compunction
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n. a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety caused by guilt
concoct
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v. to make up, prepare, or invent
condone
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v. to overlook or accept without punishment; to pardon or excuse
confidant
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n. a person to whom secrets are told
constituent
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n. one of the parts that make up a whole
constrain
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v. to confine, inhibit, or hold back by force or necessity
consummate
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adj. extremely skilled; complete or perfect
conundrum
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n. a riddle whose answer is a play on words
conversant
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adj. having knowledge or experience; well-informed
countenance
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n. a person’s face; the expression on a person’s face
credulous
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adj. willing to believe things with only slight or no evidence; easily conviced
culinary
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adj. having to do with cooking
culpable
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adj. deserving blame or censure
curator
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n. a person in charge of an exhibition; an overseer of a museum or library collection
curtail
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v. to cut short or reduce
dearth
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n. scarcity; a shortage
decorum
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n. suitable, proper behavior or speech
decrepit
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adj. worn-out with use; broken-down
defunct
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adj. no longer existing or functioning
demoralize
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v. to destroy the morals or morale of someone; to weaken the spirit or courage of someone
denigrate
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v. to attack the reputation of; to criticize in a derogatory manner
derivative
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n. something that grows out of or results from an earlier form or condition
desultory
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adj. proceeding or carried out in an aimless or random way
diabolical
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adj. devilish; wicked or evil
differentiate
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v. to see the difference; to distinguish
dilemma
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n. a problem that seems to have no satisfactory solution; a difficult choice
diminutive
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adj. very small; tiny
disarray
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n. a lack or order; confusion
discriminate
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v. the act of making a distinction in favor of or against a person or thing on the basis of the group or category rather tan according to actual merit
disgruntle
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v. to make dissatisfied; to put in a bad mood
disparage
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v. to criticize in a negative, disrespectful manner
dissipate
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v. to break up and spread out so thinly as to disappear; to scatter or be scattered
diverse
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adj. differing from one another; having various or distinct parts
doleful
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adj. mournful or full of sorrow; causing grief
ebullient
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adj. bubbling with enthusiasm or high spirits
emaciated
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adj. very thin or wasted away, especially from lack of nourishment; scrawny
enclave
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n. a distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory
endow
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v. to provide with a quality, a thing, or a gift or money
engender
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v. to bring into being, to produce
enormity
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n. the state or quality of being monstrous or outrageous
entrepreneur
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n. an individual who manages and takes the risk of a business
ephemeral
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adj. lasting a very short time
epitaph
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n. the words carved on a tombstone in memory of the deceased
equilibrium
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n. a state of balance
eradicate
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v. to get rid of; to uproot
esoteric
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adj. not generally known or understood; familiar to only a relatively small number of people
espionage
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n. the act of spying, especially a government spy obtaining secrets of another government
euphemism
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n. a polite term used to avoid directly naming something considered offensive or unpleasant
evanescent
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adj. short-lived; staying temporarily
exacerbate
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v. to make more severe, bitter, or violent
exodus
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n. a mass departure
expedite
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v. to speed up a process; to facilitate
expendable
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adj. able to be used up and then discarded or replaced
extant
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adj. still existing; not lost or destroyed
extrovert
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n. a person whose attention is focused on others and on what is going on around her or him, rather than on her or his own feels
factotum
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n. a helper or assistant with a wide range of duties and responsibilities
fatuous
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adj. foolish; silly; stupid
flotilla
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n. a fleet of boats or small ships
flout
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v. to ignore in a disrespectful or scornful way
foment
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v. to stir up, to rouse; to instigate
fortuitous
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adj. happening by lucky chance; accidental
galaxy
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n. a vast cluster of stars and other matter, billions of which make up the known universe
galvanize
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v. to excite or arouse action
gamut
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n. the entire range of something
garish
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adj. excessively bright and flashy; tastelessly glaring
gibe
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v. to utter taunting, sarcastic words
gird
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v. to encircle, bind, or surround
gossamer
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n. thin, sheer fabric resembling gauze
gourmet
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n. a person who likes fine food an is a good judge of its quality
grandiloquent
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adj. using lofty or pompous speech or expression
grandiose
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adj. impressive because of large size or scope
gratuitous
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adj. no called for; unnecessary
halcyon
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adj. calm, peaceful, and happy; prosperous
harbinger
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n. a person or thing that is a symbol of what is to come
heresy
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n. the expression of shocking or unacceptable views
hierarchy
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n. a group or system in which potions of power are ranked, usually from lowest to highest
homily
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n. a lecture usually long, on how to behave morally
homogeneous
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adj. of a similar kind or nature; uniform throughout
hybrid
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n. the offspring of two animals or plants of different species or varieties
hyperbole
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n. extravagant exaggeration
hypothetical
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adj. based on something that is not actual but assumed or supposed
ignominious
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adj. marked by, deserving, or causing shame or disgrace
illicit
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adj. not allowed, improper, or unlawful
illusory
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adj. unreal or imagined; deceiving
imbue
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v. to fill completely with a feeling or idea; to inspire
implacable
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adj. incapable of being placated, soothed, or significantly changed; relentless
implement
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v. to carry out
importune
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v. to plead for persistently
inalienable
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adj. not able to be taken or given away
incarcerate
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v. to confine or to put in prison
incoherent
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adj. not connected; confused; rambling
inconsequential
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adj. lacking importance or worth; unable to make an impact; trivial
incumbent
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n. one who occupies an office or position
incur
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v. to bring upon oneself something undesirable, such as a debt
indigenous
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adj. naturally living or growing in a certain area; native
indignity
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n. an insult to one’s ride; offensive or humiliating treatment
indiscriminate
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adj. not marked by careful distinctions; haphazard
induce
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v. to influence or persuade
ineffable
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adj. incapable of being expressed in words
inexorable
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adj. not to be persuaded, stopped, or moved by entreaty or plea; relentless
infamous
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adj. having a very mad reputation; notorious
infatuated
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adj. filled with excessive, shallow, or foolish love or desire
infirmity
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n. physical or mental weakness or defect
ingratiate
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v. to work to gain the favor of someone
iniquitous
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adj. unjust; wicked
innocuous
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adj. harmless; unlikely to offend
insatiable
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adj. never satisfied; greedy
instigate
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v. to stir up or urge on; to provoke
insurrection
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n. an open revolt against legal authority; a rebellion
inter
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v. to put in a grave; to bury
intercede
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v. to act or plead on another’s behalf; to try to smooth the differences between two parties
intractable
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adj. hard to manage, tame, or control; stubborn; not easily cured
intransigent
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adj. refusing to compromise or change one’s position on an issue
inure
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v. to adjust to and accept unpleasant or undesirable conditions
inveigh
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v. to complain or protest strongly
juncture
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n. a joining or coming together; the place where such a connection occurs
jurisdiction
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n. legal authority to govern of control
juxtapose
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v. to place side by side
lacerate
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v. to tear or cut roughly
largesse
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n. the act of giving generously; gifts
laudatory
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adj. full of praise
liquidate
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v. to settle the affairs of a business; to convert into cash
luminary
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n. a source of light, especially from the sky, such as the sun or moon
maelstrom
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n. a large and violent whirlpool or something resembling a whirlpool
magnate
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n. an important, often wealthy, person prominent in a large industry or business
magnitude
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n. greatness of size, power, or influence
malign
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v. to say negative and unfair things about; slander
mandatory
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adj. ordered by an authority; required
manifesto
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n. a public statement explaining the intentions, motives, or views of an individual or group
manifold
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adj. having many different kinds, forms, or parts
materialize
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v. to appear in physical form, especially suddenly
matriarchy
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n. a society that is headed by a female
mellifluous
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adj. sweetly flowing; pleasant to the ear
mesmerize
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v. to fascinate or hypnotize
mien
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n. a person’s manner, appearance, or expression; bearing
minuscule
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adj. very small in size or importance
misnomer
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n. a name that does not fit
mitigate
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v. to make or become less serious or severe; to ameliorate
muster
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v. to summon or call forth; to gather
necessitate
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v. to require; to make necessary
neophyte
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n. a beginner; a novice
nonpareil
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n. a person or thing without an equal
obituary
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n. a notice of someone’s death, such as in a newspaper, usually with a brief summary of that person’s life
odyssey
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n. a long, adventurous journey
olfactory
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adj. relating to the sense of small
omnivorous
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adj. eating all kinds of food, including both animal and vegetable food
onerous
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adj. burdensome; oppressive
optimum
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adj. best or most favorable
palatable
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adj. acceptable or pleasing, especially to the sense of taste
panacea
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n. something that is supposed to cure all ills or difficulties; a cure-all
panache
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n. dash or flamboyance in style or action
pandemonium
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n. a state or place of great confusion or uproar
pantheon
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n. a group of people held in high esteem for their great achievements
partisan
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n. a strong supporter or advocate
patina
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n. a green film that forms on copper exposed to the elements
penchant
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n. a strong attraction or leaning
permeate
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v. to spread throughout; to pass through
perpetrate
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v. to commit, as a crime or other antisocial act
perverse
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adj. turned away form what is right; wicked
picayune
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adj. petty or insignificant; concerned with trifling maters
pillory
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v. to expose to public scorn or contempt
pleasantry
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n. an agreeable, casual remark
plebeian
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adj. of or pertaining to the common people; common; unrefined
plethora
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n. too great a number; an excess
poignant
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adj. painfully moving, affecting, or touching
posterity
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n. a person’s descendants; future generations
precedent
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n. the act of statement that may serve as an example or justification for a later one
predecessor
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n. a person or thing that has held a position or office before another
predilection
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n. an inclination; preference
premeditated
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adj. fully planned beforehand; deliberate
prerogative
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n. a special right limited to a person, group, or office; a privilege
pretext
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n. an effort to conceal the real intention or state of affairs; an excuse
procrastinate
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v. to put off until later
profane
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v. disrespectful of sacred things
prohibitive
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adj. serving to restrain action or discourage use of
proliferate
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v. to grow, expand, or multiply at a rapid rate
promontory
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n. a high point of land that juts out into water
proselytize
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v. to convert someone to a faith, belief, or cause
qualm
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n. a feeling of uneasiness as to whether what one id doing is right or wise; a misgiving
quixotic
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adj. romantic and idealistic, but impractical
rambunctious
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adj. behaving in a wild and unruly manner
rampant
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adj. threateningly wild, without restraint or control; widespread
rancor
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n. a deep, long-held feeling of hatred or bitterness
rapt
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adj. fully absorbed; engrossed
recompense
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v. to pay or compensate
refurbish
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v. to make like new; to renovate
reminisce
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v. to think or talk about one’s past
remiss
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adj. negligent; careless; lax
rendition
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n. an interpretation or translation; a performance
reparation
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n. a mending or repair
repast
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n. food and drink; a meal
repertoire
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n. the list of pieces an actor, musician, etc., is ready to perform; the skills or accomplishments of a person or group
resurgence
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n. a rising again to life. use. acceptance. or prominence; a revival
resuscitate
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v. to revive from unconsciousness or apparent death; to revive or restore to health or vigor
rudiment
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n. a basic principle or skill
ruminate
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v. to think over again and again; to ponder
sabotage
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n. acts that intentionally damage, hinder, or seek to discredit
sadistic
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adj. taking pleasure in causing pain
scathing
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adj. harshly critical
scourge
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n. something that causes great pain and suffering; a social evil
scurrilous
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adj. vulgar; coarsely abusive
secrete
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v. to produce and give off
servitude
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n. a lack of freedom forced labor
sibling
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n. one of two or more people who have the same parents; brother or sister
singular
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adj. extraordinary; exceptional
smattering
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n. a small amount
somnolent
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adj. tending to cause sleepiness
spurious
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adj. not genuine; false
stalemate
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n. a halt in a struggle because both sides are equally strong and neither side will give in; a deadlock
stalwart
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adj. strong; sturdy
stereotype
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n. a generalization that is used to characterize a person without acknowledging individual differences
stigma
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n. a mark of shame or disgrace
stipend
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n. a regular and fixed amount of pay for work done or to help cover living or work expenses
subservient
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adj. serving or acting in a subordinate manner; servile
temerity
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n. reckless boldness without regard to danger or opposition
temperate
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adj. mild, moderate; restrained
tenacious
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adj. holding fast; persistent in adhering to something valued or habitual
titanic
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adj. marked by great strength, size, or influence
transpire
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v. to become apparent; to come to light
tutelage
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n. instruction, protection. or guardianship
undermine
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v. to attack by indirect, secret, or underhanded means
unremitting
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adj. not stopping or slowing down; constant
vagary
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n. a departure from the normal, expected course; a whim or unpredictable action
vanguard
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n. the leading or forwards position in a movement
vestige
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n. a trace of something that once was present
visionary
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adj. able to see what might be accomplished in the future
volatile
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adj. evaporating quickly
winnow
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v. to separate and remove what is undesirable and leave what is desirable; to blow away the chaff from again
zephyr
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n. a light, gently breeze