11th Grade Word List - Language Arts

Words for students of 11th Grade, the page is for arts words (Difficult Words 1), which are important supplementary words for 11th Grade academic classes.
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 11th Grade: 11th Grade Word List - Language Arts (Difficult Words 1)
abortive
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a. unsuccessful; failing to accomplish an intended objective; fruitless
aerostatics
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n. a branch of statics that deals with the equilibrium of gaseous fluids and of solid bodies immersed in them
animadvert
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v. express blame or censure or make a harshly critical remark
argot
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n. a characteristic language of a particular group, as among thieves
baroque
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a. complex or bizarre, especially in ornamentation; irregular in shape
biennium
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n. a period of two years
brogue
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n. a thick and heavy shoe; a strong outdoor shoe with ornamental patterns
cacophonous
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a. discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
cantata
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n. story or poem set to music that can be sung by chorus
cathode
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n. a negatively charged electrode that is the source of electrons entering an electrical device
clangor
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n. loud, resounding noise; sharp, metallic, ringing sound; resonant, clanging sound
cogency
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n. power of proving or of producing belief; quality of being highly probable or convincing; force; credibility
comity
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n. a state or atmosphere of harmony or mutual civility and respect
concomitant
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a. in conjunction with; accompanying; associated with
consanguineous
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a. of the same lineage or origin; having common ancestor
contemn
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v. look down on with disdain; treat or regard with contempt
contuse
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v. injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of
corporeal
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a. bodily; of a material nature; tangible
coxswain
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n. the helmsman of a ship's boat or a racing crew
declension
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n. the variation of the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, by which its grammatical case, number, and gender are identified; process of changing to an inferior state
demagnetize
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v. make nonmagnetic; take away the magnetic properties; erase
deponent
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n. a person who testifies or gives a deposition
desiccant
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n. a substance that promotes drying, e.g., calcium oxide absorbs water and is used to remove moisture
diacritical
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a. capable of distinguishing; showing up a distinction
diminution
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n. the act of decreasing or reducing something; change toward something smaller or lower
discountenance
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v. look with disfavor on; show disapproval by discouraging
dissentient
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a. disagreeing, especially with a majority
distaff
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n. the sphere of work by women; a stick or spindle onto which wool or flax is wound for spinning
dowdy
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a. lacking stylishness or neatness; shabby; old-fashioned
duteous
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a. willingly obedient out of a sense of duty and respect
effervescent
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a. marked by high spirits or excitement
effuse
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v. give out or emit; flow or spill forth; pour out
embolism
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n. an insertion into a calendar; obstruction of an artery, typically by a clot of blood or an air bubble
empirical
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a. derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
ennoble
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v. confer dignity or honor upon; give a title to someone; make someone a member of the nobility
esquire
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n. a title of respect for someone, whose rank just below a knight; an attendant and shield bearer to a knight; a candidate for knighthood
eureka
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n. an alloy of copper and nickel with high electrical resistance and a low temperature coefficient; used as resistance wire
exigent
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a. requiring precise accuracy; demanding attention
expostulation
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n. the act of expressing earnest opposition or protest; an exclamation of protest or remonstrance or reproof
farrier
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n. a person who shoes horses; a blacksmith
feudalism
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n. the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
forecastle
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n. living quarters consisting of a superstructure in the bow of a merchant ship where the crew is housed
fusible
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a. capable of being melted and fused
grebe
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n. small compact-bodied almost completely aquatic bird that builds floating nests; similar to loons but smaller and with lobate rather than webbed feet
heterogeneous
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a. consisting of dissimilar elements or parts; completely different
incunabula
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n. any book printed before 1501; the infancy or earliest stages of something
inquisition
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n. a severe interrogation, often violating the rights or privacy of individuals
interposition
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n. the act or fact of interjecting or interposing one thing between or among others
inure
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v. apply in use; use or accustom till no pain or inconvenience; harden; habituate
iridescence
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n. the visual property of something having a milky brightness and a play of colors from the surface
isobar
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n. an isogram connecting points having equal barometric pressure at a given time, for meteorology
lackadaisical
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a. lacking purpose or zest; halfhearted; lacking spirit or liveliness
laxative
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a. having a tendency to loosen or relax.
libertine
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n. free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint
lingual
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a. relating to, near, or on the side toward the tongue; relating to speech or language
littoral
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a. of or relating to a coastal or shore region
macadamize
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v. pave by laying and compacting successive layers of broken stone, often with asphalt or hot tar
marmot
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n. stocky coarse-furred burrowing rodent with a short bushy tail found throughout the northern hemisphere; hibernates in winter
metonymy
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n. substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself
ministration
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n. assistance in time of difficulty
modish
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a. in the current fashion or style
mordacious
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a. capable of wounding; biting or given to biting
muleteer
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n. a worker who drives mules
necromancer
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n. one who practices magic or sorcery; one who practices divination by conjuring up the dead
neurology
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n. the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders
obsolescence
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n. the process of becoming obsolete; falling into disuse or becoming out of date
occlude
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v. block passage through; close, shut, or stop up a passage
orthogonal
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a. statistically unrelated; having a set of mutually perpendicular axes; meeting at right angles
pamphleteer
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n. a writer of pamphlets, usually taking a partisan stand on public issues
patronymic
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a. of or derived from a personal or family name
peevish
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a. easily irritated or annoyed
penury
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n. extreme poverty; lack of something; barrenness; insufficiency
perspicuous
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a. transparently clear of language; easily understandable
phonograph
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n. machine in which rotating records cause a stylus to vibrate and the vibrations are amplified acoustically or electronically
pogrom
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n. organized persecution of an ethnic group, especially Jews
precipitant
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a. done with very great haste and without due deliberation
propitiate
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v. make peace with; appease and render favorable
ramify
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v. divide into branches or subdivisions; subordinate branchlike parts
renunciation
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n. sacrificing; giving up; state of having rejected your religious beliefs
reversion
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n. returning to a former state; turning in the opposite direction; a failure to maintain a higher state
salacious
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a. lustful; suggestive of or tending to moral looseness
secede
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v. withdraw from an organization or communion
solder
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v. repair or unite by using fusible metal alloy, usually tin and lead
threnody
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n. a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person
venereal
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a. of or relating to the external sex organs
wittingly
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ad. with full knowledge and deliberation