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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (13)

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pace
pack
packaging
pad
painting
pair
pale
palm
pamphlet
pan
pane
panel
panic
panorama
panoramic
pant
pantry
pants
par
parachute
parade
paradise
paragraph
parallel
paralyse
parameter
parasite
parliament
partial
participant
participate
particle
partition
partner
passion
passionate
passive
passport
pastime
pasture
patch
patent
path
pathetic
patriot
patriotic
patriotism
patrol
patron
patronage
pave
pavement
pawn
peach
peak
pebble
peck
peculiar
peculiarity
pedal
pedestrian
peel
peer
penalty
pending
penetrate
penetration
pension
perceive
percent
perception
perch
perfect
perfection
perform
performance
performer
perfume
peril
perimeter
period
periodic
periodical
peripheral
perish
permanent
permission
permissive
permit
perpendicular
perpetual
perplex
persecute
persecution
perseverance
persevere
persist
persistence
personal
personality
personnel
perspective
persuade
pertain
pertinent
perturb
peruse
pest
pet
petition
petroleum
petty
phase
phenomenon
philosophy
phonetics
photograph
phrase
physical
physician
piano
pick
picnic
picturesque
pier
pigment
pile
pilgrim
pill
pillar
pillow
pilot
pin
pinch
pine
pineapple
pioneer
pioneering
pious
pirate
pistol
piston
pit
pitch
pitcher
plague
plain
plane
planet
plantation
plaster
plastic
plate
plateau
platform
playwright
plea
plead
pleasure
pledge
plight
plot
plough
pluck
plug
plumb
plumber
plume
plump
plunder
plunge
plus
ply
pneumonia
poke
polar
pole
policy
polish
politics
poll
pollute
pollution
ponder
pony
popcorn
popular
popularity
porcelain
porch
pore
port
portable
portion
portrait
portray
pose
positive
possess
possession
post
postage
postal
postcard
posterity
postpone
postulate
pot
potent
potential
potentiality
poultry
pound
pour
poverty
practicable
practical
practically
prairie
preach
precaution
precede
precedence
precedent
preceding
precious
precise
precision
predecessor
predict
prediction
predominant
preface
preferable
preference
pregnancy
pregnant
prejudice
preliminary
prelude
premature
premium
prescribe
prescribed
prescription
presence
present
presentation
preservation
preserve
preside
press
pressure
prestige
presumably
presume
pretense
pretentious
prevail
prevailing
prevalent
previous
prey
prick
primary
prime
primitive
principal
principle
prior
priority
privacy
privilege
probe
problematic
procedure
proceed
proceeding
proceeds
process
procession
proclaim
procure
produce
productive
productivity
profession
professional
proficiency
proficient
profile
profit
profound
progress
progressive
prohibit
prohibitive
project
projection
projector
proletarian
prolong
prominence
prominent
promise
promising
promote
prompt
prone
proof
propaganda
propagate
propel
propeller
proper
property
prophet
proportion
proposal
propose
proposition
proprietor
proprietorship
prose
prosecute
prosecutor
prospect
prosperity
prosperous
protein
protest
protocol
prototype
provincial
provision
provisional
provocation
provoke
prudence
prudent
psychology
publication
publicity
publish
pull
pulse
pump
pumpkin
punch
punctual
pupil
puppy
purchase
purify
purity
purple
purse
pursue
pursuit
puzzle
pyramid


pace: Read
n. Syn. step
(البرلمانية) single movement from one foot to the other in walking; slow gait; step

pack: Read
n.
(حزمة) pact or bundle made up and prepared to be carried; a number of similar things; a full set of playing cards

packaging: Read
n.
(التعبئة والتغليف) putting something into boxes

pad: Read
n.
(التحالف) soft or small cushion; a kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting

painting: Read
n. Syn. drawing
(اللوحة) drawing; picture or design in paint; action of applying paint to a surface

pair: Read
n. Syn. couple
(زوج و) two people or things considered as a unit; two items of the same kind; couple

pale: Read
a.
(شاحب) not ruddy; dusky white; pallid; not bright or brilliant

palm: Read
n.
(النخيل) inner surface of the hand between bases of fingers and wrist; tropical evergreen trees of the family Palmae

pamphlet: Read
n.
(كتيب) brochure; leaflet; a small book usually having a paper cover

pan: Read
v. Syn. criticize
(عموم) criticize harshly; wash in pan; cook in pan

pane: Read
n.
(جزء) framed section of window or door that is filled with a sheet of glass or others; panel in a wall or door

panel: Read
n. Syn. board
(لوحات) a group of people gathered for a special purpose; small board or pad

panic: Read
n. Syn. alarm; fear
(متحمسا هلع) sudden mass fear and anxiety

panorama: Read
v.
(بانوراما) complete view in every direction.

panoramic: Read
a.
(بانورامية) related to unobstructed and comprehensive view; with a wide view

pant: Read
v.
(الهيئة الملكية) breathe quickly or in a labored manner; respire with heaving of the breast; sigh

pantry: Read
n.
(مخزن) apartment or closet in which bread and other provisions are kept

pants: Read
n. Syn. trousers; underwear
(سراويل) trousers; underwear; garment extending from waist to knee or ankle

par: Read
n.
(بجنون العظمة) amount or level considered to be average; standard; equality of status, level, or value

parachute: Read
n.
(مظلة) rescue equipment consisting of a device that fills with air and retards your fall

parade: Read
n. Syn. march; procession
(استعراض عادي) march in a procession; ceremonial procession; visible display

paradise: Read
n.
(الجنة) garden of Eden; any place of complete delight and peace

paragraph: Read
n.
(فقرة) distinct division of written or printed matter that begins on a new, usually indented line

parallel: Read
n. Syn. similarity; analogy
(الموازية) make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not intersecting

paralyse: Read
v. Syn. paralyze
(المرصد يشل) make unable to move or act; impair the progress or functioning of

parameter: Read
n.
(بارامتر) characteristic or feature that distinguishes something from others

parasite: Read
n.
(طفيل) animal or plant living on another

parliament: Read
n.
(البرلمان) discussion; formal conference on public affairs; general council, especially an assembly of representatives of a nation

partial: Read
a. Syn. incomplete; fragmentary; sectional
(الجزئي) incomplete; fragmentary; favoring one person or side over another or others

participant: Read
n.
(الطفيلية مشارك) people who take part in

participate: Read
v.
(الاشتراك) take part in something; share in something

particle: Read
n. Syn. speck; grain
(الجسيمات) a tiny piece of anything

partition: Read
v. Syn. divide
(قسم) divide into parts, pieces, or sections

partner: Read
n.
(الشركاء) person who is a member of a partnership; associate who works with others toward a common goal

passion: Read
n. Syn. ardor; fervor
(آلام) strong feeling or emotion ; fervor

passionate: Read
a. Syn. ardent; zealous; enthusiastic
(عاطفي) zealous; enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zeal

passive: Read
a. Syn. compliant; inactive
(السلبي) lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injustice

passport: Read
n.
(جواز سفر) legal document identifying the bearer as citizen of a country and allowing to travel abroad

pastime: Read
n.
(تسلية) something which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement

pasture: Read
n. Syn. field; meadow
(المراعي) field covered with grass; meadow

patch: Read
n. Syn. expanse; piece
(البقعة) a piece of cloth; small area of ground covered by specific vegetation

patent: Read
a. Syn. obvious; apparent
(براءة الاختراع) open for the public to read; obvious; plain

path: Read
n. Syn. orbit; roadway
(مسار) way; footway; course or track; route; passage

pathetic: Read
a. Syn. touching; pathetic; pitiful
(مثير للشفقة) causing sadness, compassion, or pity

patriot: Read
n.
(باتريوت) one who loves and defends his or her country

patriotic: Read
a.
(الوطني) inspired by love for one's country

patriotism: Read
n.
(وطنية) love of country; devotion to welfare of one's country; virtues and actions of patriot

patrol: Read
n. Syn. guard; watch
(بترول) activity of going on an area at regular intervals for security purposes

patron: Read
n. Syn. benefactor
(راعي) benefactor; regular customer

patronage: Read
n. Syn. sponsorship; support
(رعاية) sponsorship; support; state of being a sponsor

pave: Read
v. Syn. coat; cover
(تمهيد) coat; cover

pavement: Read
n.
(الرصيف) floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make hard and convenient surface for travel

pawn: Read
n.
(الاتصال بنا) something given as security for loan; pledge or guaranty; article deposited as security

peach: Read
n.
(الخوخ) small tree in Prunus persica widely cultivated at temperate regions, having pink flowers and edible fruit

peak: Read
n.
(ذروة) summit; apex; maximum; prime

pebble: Read
n.
(حصاة) small smooth rounded rock

peck: Read
v. Syn. pick
(بيك) pick; hit lightly with a picking motion; eat like a bird

peculiar: Read
a. Syn. special; characteristic
(غريبة) special; characteristic; unusual; odd; bizarre

peculiarity: Read
n. Syn. eccentricity; oddness
(التربوية) eccentricity; oddness; an odd or unusual characteristic; private ownership; proprietorship

pedal: Read
n.
(دواسة) foot-operated lever used for actuating or controlling a mechanism

pedestrian: Read
a. Syn. dull
(مشاة) lacking wit or imagination; ordinary

peel: Read
v.
(قشر) come off in flakes or thin small pieces; strip the skin off; get undressed

peer: Read
v. Syn. gaze; stare
(الأقران) gaze; stare; look searchingly; company with

penalty: Read
n. Syn. punishment; fine
(عقوبة) punishment established by law or authority for a crime or offense; fine

pending: Read
a. Syn. impending; imminent
(معلقة) not yet decided or settled; awaiting conclusion or confirmation

penetrate: Read
v. Syn. pierce; permeate
(اختراق) pierce; go through; permeate

penetration: Read
n.
(اختراق) act or process of penetrating, piercing, or entering

pension: Read
n. Syn. payment; tribute
(المعاشات التقاعدية) something paid or given; payment to a person in consideration of past services

perceive: Read
v. Syn. sense; detect
(ينظرون) become aware of through the senses; detect

percent: Read
n.
(٪ زيادة) out of each hundred; per hundred; one part in a hundred

perception: Read
n. Syn. understanding; feeling; sense
(التصور) understanding; feeling; effect or product of perceiving

perch: Read
n.
(جثم) a place high up; an elevated place serving as a seat

perfect: Read
a. Syn. flawless; ideal
(الكمال) completed; not defective nor redundant; having all the properties or qualities; without flaw, fault, or blemish; without error

perfection: Read
n. Syn. flawlessness; excellence
(الكمال) flawlessness; excellence; state of being without flaw or defect

perform: Read
v. Syn. handle; execute
(أداء) carry through; bring to completion; achieve; accomplish; execute

performance: Read
n. Syn. execution; show; presentataion
(الأداء) act of performing; dramatic or musical entertainment; process or manner

performer: Read
n. Syn. entertainer; actor
(أداء) entertainer; who performs or takes part in a play or performance of any kind

perfume: Read
n. Syn. scent; aroma; fragrance
(عطور) pleasing, agreeable scent or odor

peril: Read
n. Syn. danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy
(الخطر) danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or property to injury, loss, or destruction

perimeter: Read
n. Syn. edge; periphery
(محيط) outer boundary length; closed curve bounding a plane area

period: Read
n.
(فترة) duration, continuance, term; end of something

periodic: Read
a. Syn. repeated; recurrent
(الدوري) repeated; recurring at intervals of time

periodical: Read
n.
(السمفونية) publication that appears at fixed intervals

peripheral: Read
a. Syn. marginal; outer
(الطرفية) located in outer boundary; unimportant; auxiliary

perish: Read
v.
(يموت) be destroyed; pass away; become nothing

permanent: Read
a. Syn. everlasting; perpetual
(الدائم) remaining without essential change

permission: Read
n. Syn. consent; approbation
(إذن) consent; approval to do something

permissive: Read
a. Syn. approving; tolerant
(الحيرة) approving; tolerant; granting; not strict in discipline

permit: Read
v. Syn. allow
(تصريح) consent to; give permission

perpendicular: Read
a. Syn. vertical; upright
(عمودي) vertical; upright; intersecting at or forming right angles; extremely steep

perpetual: Read
a. Syn. continual
(دائم) everlasting; continuing without interruption

perplex: Read
v.
(يستحلها تحير) baffle; confuse

persecute: Read
v.
(اضطهاد) pursue in a manner to injure, grieve, or afflict; beset with cruelty or malignity; harass; annoy

persecution: Read
n.
(اضطهاد) act of persecuting on the basis of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or beliefs that differ from those of the persecutor

perseverance: Read
n. Syn. endurance; persistence
(متساهل مثابرة) endurance; steady persistence in adhering to a course of action

persevere: Read
v.
(المثابرة) endure; be persistent, refuse to stop

persist: Read
v. Syn. continue; insist; persevere
(أفراد) continue; insist; persevere

persistence: Read
n. Syn. endurance; tenacity
(استمرار) endurance; tenacity; state or quality of being persistent; persistency

personal: Read
a.
(أفراد) particular to a given individual; concerning or affecting a particular person

personality: Read
n. Syn. character
(تستمر السمات) complex of all the attributes of a person; totality of qualities and traits of a person

personnel: Read
n. Syn. staff; employees
(أفراد) group of people willing to obey orders

perspective: Read
n. Syn. viewpoint; view
(المنظور) appearance of things; view, outlook, or vista

persuade: Read
v. Syn. convince
(اقناع) advise; counsel; urge the acceptance or practice of; convince

pertain: Read
v.
(تتعلق) belong; have connection with, or dependence on

pertinent: Read
a. Syn. relevant
(ذات الصلة) having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relating

perturb: Read
v.
(التشويش) disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; throw into great confusion

peruse: Read
v.
(اطلاع) read or examine, typically with great care

pest: Read
n. Syn. nuisance
(الحشرات) persistently annoying person; organism that injures livestock or crops

pet: Read
n.
(الحيوانات الأليفة) animal kept for amusement or companionship

petition: Read
n. Syn. plea; request
(عريضة) plea; formal message requesting something

petroleum: Read
n.
(بترول) dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons

petty: Read
a. Syn. trivial; unimportant
(الصغيرة) trivial; of small importance; very small

phase: Read
n. Syn. stage; moment
(المرحلة) any distinct time period in a sequence of events; stage

phenomenon: Read
n.
(ظاهرة) appearance; anything visible, in matter or spirit; extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence

philosophy: Read
n.
(فلسفة) body of highest truth; investigation of nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning

phonetics: Read
n.
(الصوتيات) branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis

photograph: Read
n.
(صورة) picture or likeness obtained by photography

phrase: Read
n.
(مجصص) brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expression

physical: Read
a.
(البدنية) relating to the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

physician: Read
n.
(الصوتية طبيب) person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to treat diseases; doctor of medicine

piano: Read
n.
(بيانو) stringed instrument that is played by depressing keys

pick: Read
v. Syn. choose; select
(انتعاش) remove something with the fingers, or with the teeth; separate as choice or desirable

picnic: Read
v.
(نزهة) eat in the open air; have informal meal eaten outside or on an excursion

picturesque: Read
a. Syn. scenic; beautiful
(الخلابة) scenic; striking or interesting in an unusual way

pier: Read
n.
(بيير) landing place; platform built out from shore into water and supported by piles; provides access to ships

pigment: Read
n. Syn. coloring; dye
(الصباغ) substance used as coloring; dry coloring matter

pile: Read
n.
(كومة) large timber or post; heap; hair; fiber of wool, cotton; head of an arrow or spear

pilgrim: Read
n.
(حجاج) traveler; one who travels far, or in strange lands, to visit some holy place or shrine as a devotee

pill: Read
n.
(حبوب منع الحمل) a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; something that is unpleasant or offensive

pillar: Read
n.
(بيرس عمود) column; post

pillow: Read
n.
(بثرة) a cushion to support the head of a sleeping person

pilot: Read
n.
(وراء البحار التجريبية) one who guides a course of action for others; one who operates or is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight

pin: Read
n.
(سادة السري) a piece of wood, metal, generally cylindrical, used for fastening separate articles together

pinch: Read
v. Syn. clutch; squeeze
(قرصة) clutch; squeeze between the thumb and a finger, the jaws of a tool, or other edges

pine: Read
v. Syn. yearn
(الصنوبر) have desire for something or someone; yearn; grieve or mourn for

pineapple: Read
n.
(الأناناس) large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves

pioneer: Read
n.
(الرائد) originator; explorer

pioneering: Read
a. Syn. initial; original
(الرائد) initial; groundbreaking; originating; serving to pioneer

pious: Read
a. Syn. devout; religious
(تقي) devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and morality

pirate: Read
n.
(زريبة خنازير) robber on seas; one who by open violence takes the property of another on seas

pistol: Read
n.
(ترس) the smallest firearm used, intended to be fired from one hand

piston: Read
n.
(كباسات) sliding piece which either is moved by, or moves against; mechanical device that has a plunging or thrusting motion

pit: Read
v.
(حفرة) confront; set into opposition or rivalry

pitch: Read
n.
(رمية) action or manner of throwing something

pitcher: Read
n.
(الرائد جرة) container for liquids, having a handle and a lip or spout for pouring; player who throws the ball from the mound to the batter

plague: Read
n.
(طامة كبرى) epidemic disease with a high death rate; annoyance

plain: Read
n. Syn. plateau; prairie
(عادي) without elevations or depressions; flat; smooth; not rich; simple; without beauty; not handsome

plane: Read
n.
(المدعي) flat or level surface; level of development, existence, or achievement

planet: Read
n.
(كوكب) celestial bodies that revolve around the sun

plantation: Read
n. Syn. farm
(زراعة) farm; an area under cultivation; a group of cultivated trees or plants

plaster: Read
n.
(جص) cover conspicuously, as by pasting something on; adhesive tape used in dressing wounds; a hardened surface as on a wall or ceiling

plastic: Read
a.
(لوحة افلاطوني) capable of being molded; capable of being shaped or formed; easily influenced

plate: Read
n. Syn. covering; plane
(لوحة) flat piece of metal; thick sheet of metal; small, usually circular, vessel of metal or wood for food table

plateau: Read
n. Syn. highland; upland
(بلاتو) highland; upland; relatively flat highland

platform: Read
n. Syn. stage
(منصة) stage; a raised horizontal surface

playwright: Read
n.
(الكاتب المسرحي) someone who writes plays

plea: Read
n.
(نداء) request for help; excuse or pretext

plead: Read
v.
(المرافعة) appeal or request earnestly; enter a plea; offer as an excuse

pleasure: Read
n.
(متعة) agreeable sensations or emotions; excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying

pledge: Read
n. Syn. oath; guarantee
(تعهدها) promise solemnly and formally; binding commitment to do something

plight: Read
n. Syn. predicament
(طيعة محنة) condition or state, especially a bad state or condition

plot: Read
n.
(مؤامرة) small extent of ground; secret scheme or strategy

plough: Read
v.
(المحراث) break and turn over earth especially with a plow; move with force

pluck: Read
v.
(نتف) pull or draw, especially, to pull with sudden force or effort, or to pull off or out from something

plug: Read
n.
(التوصيل) something, such as a cork or a wad of cloth, used to fill a hole tightly; stopper

plumb: Read
a. Syn. vertical
(راسيا) checking perpendicularity; exactly vertical

plumber: Read
n.
(سباك) craftsman who installs and repairs pipes and fixtures and appliances

plume: Read
n.
(عمود) feather, especially soft, downy, long, or handsome feather; an ornamental tuft of feathers; token of honor or achievement

plump: Read
a. Syn. chubby; fat
(طبطب) sound of a sudden heavy fall; well-rounded and full in form

plunder: Read
v.
(ينهبان) take goods of by force, or without right; spoil; sack; strip; rob

plunge: Read
v. Syn. dive; submerge
(يغرق) dive; submerge; become suddenly lower; decrease dramatically; throw oneself into a substance or place

plus: Read
a.
(بلاس) involving advantage or good; on the positive side or higher end of a scale

ply: Read
v.
(رقائق) bend; lay on closely, or in folds; work upon steadily, or with repeated acts; press upon

pneumonia: Read
n.
(الالتهاب الرئوي) inflammation of the lungs

poke: Read
v.
(كزة) push at, as with a finger or an arm; search or look curiously; proceed in slow or lazy manner; thrust forward

polar: Read
a.
(بولار) pertaining to one of the poles of the earth; of the poles

pole: Read
n.
(القطب) a long rod; one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions

policy: Read
n.
(سياسة) settled method of government to administer; system of public or official administration

polish: Read
v. Syn. shine; burnish
(بولندي) remove flaws from; perfect or complete

politics: Read
n.
(سياسة) profession devoted to governing and political affairs; study of government of states and other political units

poll: Read
n. Syn. voting; survey
(استطلاع) voting; survey; number of votes cast or recorded

pollute: Read
v. Syn. contaminate; defile; profane
(تلوث) make impure; make unfit for or harmful to living things, especially by the addition of waste matter

pollution: Read
n. Syn. contamination
(تلوث) contamination; undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated

ponder: Read
v.
(التأمل) weigh; weigh in the mind; view with deliberation; examine carefully; consider attentively

pony: Read
n.
(المهر) small horse; small glass of beer; word for word translation of a foreign language text

popcorn: Read
n.
(الفشار) small kernels of corn exploded by heat

popular: Read
a. Syn. favorite
(شعبية) of common people; suitable to common people; easy to be comprehended; not abstruse; familiar; plain

popularity: Read
n.
(شعبية) quality of being widely admired or accepted or sought after

porcelain: Read
n.
(الخزف) ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

porch: Read
n.
(شرفة) covered and enclosed entrance to building; covered passage

pore: Read
v. Syn. scrutinize; ponder
(ثقيل المسام) gaze intently; stare; scrutinize; read or study carefully and attentively

port: Read
n. Syn. dock; pier
(بورت) place on waterway with facilities for loading and unloading ships

portable: Read
a. Syn. mobile
(محمول) mobile; easily or conveniently transported

portion: Read
n. Syn. part; section; segment
(جزء) section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a whole

portrait: Read
n. Syn. portraiture; picture
(صورة) portraiture; picture; likeness of a person, especially one showing the face

portray: Read
v. Syn. depict; describe; draw
(تصوير) depict; describe; draw

pose: Read
v.
(تشكل) pretend to be someone you are not; assume a posture as for artistic purposes

positive: Read
a.
(إيجابية) involving advantage or good ; greater than zero; very sure; confident

possess: Read
v. Syn. have; own
(تمتلك) occupy in person; hold or actually have in one's own keeping; have and hold; have the legal title to

possession: Read
n. Syn. ownership; belongings; estate
(امتلاك) act of having and controlling property; belongings

post: Read
v. Syn. publicize; advertise
(آخر) display announcement in a place of public view; publish on a list

postage: Read
n.
(البريد) token that postal fee has been paid; charge for mailing something

postal: Read
a.
(البريدي) of or relating to the system for delivering mail

postcard: Read
n.
(بطاقة بريدية) card for sending messages by post without an envelope

posterity: Read
n. Syn. descendants; offspring
(أجيال القادمة) descendants collectively; the race that proceeds from a progenitor; future generations

postpone: Read
v. Syn. delay; defer
(تأجيل) hold back to a later time; delay; defer

postulate: Read
n.
(مسلمة) essential premise; underlying assumption

pot: Read
n. Syn. kettle; bottle
(ما بعد الجراحة وعاء) metallic or earthen vessel for boiling meat or vegetables, for holding liquids, or for plant

potent: Read
a. Syn. powerful
(قوية) powerful; having power to influence or convince; having great control or authority

potential: Read
a. Syn. possible; latent
(المحتملة) existing in possibility; expected to become or be

potentiality: Read
n.
(امكانيات) inherent capacity for coming into being; an aptitude that may be developed

poultry: Read
n.
(الدواجن) domestic fowls reared for eating, or for their eggs or feathers, such as cocks and hens, capons, turkeys, ducks, and geese

pound: Read
n.
(الجنيه) unit of weight equal to 16 ounces

pour: Read
v.
(صب) flow in a spurt; rain heavily; supply in large amounts

poverty: Read
n. Syn. indigence; destitution
(الفقر) lack of money; state of being poor; lack of the means of providing material needs or comforts

practicable: Read
a. Syn. feasible
(عمليا) feasible; capable of being effected, done, or put into practice

practical: Read
a. Syn. pragmatic; useful
(العملية) based on experience; useful

practically: Read
ad. Syn. virtually; actually; almost
(عمليا) virtually; actually; for all practical purpose

prairie: Read
n.
(المرج) treeless grassy plain; extensive area of flat or rolling

preach: Read
v. Syn. advocate; sermonize
(الوعظ) advocate; speak, plead; argue in favor of

precaution: Read
n. Syn. prevention
(الاحتياطات) prevention; measure taken beforehand; act of foresight

precede: Read
v. Syn. antecede
(تسبق) come before; antecede

precedence: Read
n.
(الأسبقية) fact, state, or right of preceding; priority; previous occurrence, or existence before; preceding act or speech

precedent: Read
n. Syn. example; pattern
(ديباجة) act or instance that may be used as example in subsequent similar cases

preceding: Read
a. Syn. ahead
(ثمينة) ahead; prior to

precious: Read
a. Syn. valued; valuable
(كريمة) of high worth or cost

precise: Read
a. Syn. exact; accurate
(دقيقة) exact; clearly expressed; accurate or correct

precision: Read
n. Syn. exactness; accuracy
(الدقة) exactness; accuracy; number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measured

predecessor: Read
n. Syn. forerunner; ancestor
(السلف) former occupant of post; ancestor or forefather

predict: Read
v. Syn. forecast; foretell
(السابقة على التنبؤ) state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledge

prediction: Read
n. Syn. prophecy; foretelling
(التنبؤ) something foretold or predicted; prophecy

predominant: Read
a. Syn. principal; dominant; overpowering
(السائدة) most frequent or common; having superior power and influence

preface: Read
n.
(تمهيد) something spoken as introductory to a discourse, or written as introductory to a book or essay

preferable: Read
a. Syn. favored; better; preferred
(الأفضل) favored; better; more desirable or worthy than another; preferred

preference: Read
n. Syn. inclination; attachment; favorite
(تفضيل) a strong liking; favorite

pregnancy: Read
n.
(الحمل) condition of being pregnant; fruitfulness; fertility

pregnant: Read
a.
(ما قبل التاريخ) expecting a baby; carrying within the body or being about to produce new life

prejudice: Read
n.
(التحيز) opinion formed without due examination; leaning toward one side of a question

preliminary: Read
a. Syn. initial; introductory; preparatory
(أولية) prior to or preparing for the main matter; introductory

prelude: Read
n. Syn. introduction; forerunner
(مقدمة) introduction; forerunner; preliminary or preface

premature: Read
a.
(حامل سابق لأوانه) too soon; too early; occurring before a state of readiness

premium: Read
n.
(مميزة) having or reflecting superior quality or value

prescribe: Read
v. Syn. dictate; guide
(وصف) dictate; guide; advise the use of; assert a right; claim

prescribed: Read
a. Syn. set; certain; stated
(المنصوص عليها) set down as a rule or guide; certain; stated

prescription: Read
n. Syn. instruction; order
(التقادم) written instructions from doctor; written order; act of establishing official rules, laws, or directions

presence: Read
n.
(الوجود) state of being present; current existence

present: Read
n.
(الحاضر) being in existence; something presented as a gift; period of time that is happening now

presentation: Read
n.
(تقديم) show or display; act of presenting something to sight or view

preservation: Read
n. Syn. conservation; protection
(حفظ) conservation; protection

preserve: Read
v. Syn. uphold; retain; maintain
(المرموقة) uphold; retain; maintain in safety from injury, peril, or harm

preside: Read
v.
(رئاسة) be set, or to sit, in the place of authority; occupy the place of president, chairman, moderator, director; direct, control, and regulate, as chief officer

press: Read
n.
(الصحافة) machines or devices that apply pressure or print; collecting and publishing of news; journalism in general

pressure: Read
n. Syn. stress; tension
(الضغط) stress; tension; condition of being pressed

prestige: Read
n. Syn. fame; reputation
(هيبة) impression produced by achievements or reputation; recognized distinction or importance

presumably: Read
ad. Syn. assumedly; supposedly
(بالحفاظ يفترض) assumedly; supposedly

presume: Read
v. Syn. suppose
(افتراض) take for granted as true in absence of proof; venture without authority

pretense: Read
n.
(ذريعة) act of giving a false appearance; imaginative intellectual play

pretentious: Read
a.
(الطنانة) intended to attract notice and impress others; making unjustified claims; overly ambitious

prevail: Read
v. Syn. induce; ; triumph
(تسود) induce; be greater in strength or influence; triumph; win out

prevailing: Read
a. Syn. widespread; predominant
(السائدة) most frequent; widespread; predominant

prevalent: Read
a. Syn. widespread
(المراوغة) widespread; widely or commonly occurring, existing, accepted

previous: Read
a.
(السابقة) existing or occurring before something else

prey: Read
n. Syn. victim
(السائدة فريسة) target of a hunt; animal hunted or caught for food

prick: Read
v.
(وخز) penetrate or puncture by a sharp and slender thing

primary: Read
a. Syn. principal; prime; fundamental
(افتراض) of first rank or importance or value; essential or basic

prime: Read
a. Syn. primary; principal; chief
(الأولية) first in excellence, quality, or value; at the best stage; peak; first in degree or rank; chief

primitive: Read
a. Syn. rudimentary; primeval
(البدائي) belonging to an early stage; simple or naive in style; primeval

principal: Read
a. Syn. chief; main
(السابق برايم) highest in rank, authority, character, importance, or degree

principle: Read
n.
(البدائي) basic truth or law or assumption; rule or law of nature; rule of personal conduct

prior: Read
a. Syn. former; antecedent; anterior; previous
(الرئيسية ل) preceding in the order of time; former; previous

priority: Read
n. Syn. preference; precedence
(الأولوية) preceding in time, importance, or urgency

privacy: Read
n. Syn. seclusion
(المبدأ) quality of being secluded from view of others; condition of being hidden

privilege: Read
n.
(مسبق) special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all; right reserved exclusively

probe: Read
v. Syn. detect; investigate; search
(التحقيق) explore with tools; investigate; search

problematic: Read
a. Syn. doubtful; perplexing
(إشكالية) open to doubt; unsettled; questionable; difficult to solve

procedure: Read
n. Syn. progress; process
(اجراءات) act or manner of moving forward; act performed; steps taken in an action

proceed: Read
n. Syn. continue; advance
(من المضي قدما) follow a certain course; move ahead; travel onward

proceeding: Read
n.
(انطلاقا الامتياز) a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked

proceeds: Read
n. Syn. revenue
(البدائية العائدات) profit, money made from selling something; income arising from land or other property

process: Read
n. Syn. progress; advance; procedure
(عملية) act of proceeding; continued forward movement; a series of actions

procession: Read
n.
(موكب) act of proceeding, moving on, advancing, or issuing; regular, orderly, or ceremonious progress; continuous course

proclaim: Read
v. Syn. declare; announce
(يقررون إصدار البيان) declare; announce

procure: Read
v.
(شراء) bring into possession; cause to accrue to, or to come into possession of; cause to come

produce: Read
v.
(انتاج) bring forward; lead forth; offer to view or notice; exhibit; cause to be or to happen

productive: Read
a.
(الإنتاجية) having quality or power of producing; yielding or furnishing results; causing to exist

productivity: Read
n.
(الإنتاجية) quality or state of being productive; productiveness.

profession: Read
n. Syn. vocation; occupation
(مهنة) occupation requiring special education

professional: Read
a.
(مهنية) engaged in, or suitable for a profession

proficiency: Read
n. Syn. skill; expertise
(الكفاءه) skillfulness in command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity; expertise

proficient: Read
a. Syn. skilled; expert
(يتقن) skilled; expert; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

profile: Read
n.
(البيانات الشخصية) outline; biographical sketch

profit: Read
n. Syn. benefit
(الربح) advantageous gain or return; income received from investments or property

profound: Read
a. Syn. deep; complete
(عميق) deep; not superficial; far-reaching

progress: Read
n. Syn. advance; development; headway; proceed
(التقدم) moving or going forward; proceeding onward; advance

progressive: Read
a. Syn. advancing; incremental
(التدريجي) forward-looking; advancing; incremental

prohibit: Read
v. Syn. ban; taboo; forbid
(حظر) ban; taboo; forbid

prohibitive: Read
a.
(قذيفة) tending to discourage; prohibiting; forbidding

project: Read
n. Syn. program; plan; scheme
(مشروع) any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; program; plan; scheme

projection: Read
n.
(الإسقاط) plan for anticipated course of action; thing that extends outward beyond a prevailing line or surface

projector: Read
n.
(الإسقاط) optical device for projecting a beam of light

proletarian: Read
n.
(باهظة البروليتارية) member of working class; blue collar person

prolong: Read
v. Syn. lengthen
(إطالة) make longer; draw out; lengthen

prominence: Read
n. Syn. notability
(بروز) relative importance; property of being prominent; a standing out from the surface of something

prominent: Read
a. Syn. conspicuous; notable
(بارز) conspicuous; immediately noticeable; sticking out; widely known

promise: Read
n. Syn. expectation
(وعد) declaration assuring that one will or will not do something; indication of something favorable to come

promising: Read
a. Syn. prospective; hopeful
(الواعدة) likely to develop in a desirable manner; affording hope

promote: Read
v. Syn. publicize; advance
(تعزيز) help to flourish; advance in rank; publicize

prompt: Read
v. Syn. cause; remind; ; inspire
(الفوري) move to act; incite; give rise to; assist with a reminder

prone: Read
a.
(عرضة) inclined; lying face downward; having a tendency

proof: Read
n. Syn. evidence; demonstration
(دليل) evidence; demonstration; statement or argument used in such a validation

propaganda: Read
n.
(دعاية) organization or plan for spreading a particular doctrine or a system of principles

propagate: Read
v. Syn. multiply; spread
(نشر) cause something to multiply or breed; cause to extend to broader area or larger number

propel: Read
v.
(دفع) drive forward; cause to move forward or onward; push

propeller: Read
n.
(المروحة) machine for propelling an aircraft or boat; one who propels

proper: Read
a. Syn. right; appropriate
(سليم) belonging to one; one's own; individual; belonging to natural or essential constitution; peculiar; not common; particular

property: Read
n. Syn. asset; estate; charactersitics; attribute
(الملكية) any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone

prophet: Read
n. Syn. predictor
(النبي) one who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of a god is expressed

proportion: Read
n. Syn. amounts; percentage
(نسبة) percentage; quotient obtained when a part is divided by the whole; part considered in relation to the whole

proposal: Read
n.
(اقتراح) something proposed; act of making a proposal; an offer of marriage

propose: Read
v. Syn. advance; suggest
(اقتراح) make a proposal, declare a plan for something

proposition: Read
n. Syn. proposal; task
(اقتراح) plan suggested for acceptance; a matter to be dealt with; subject for discussion or analysis

proprietor: Read
n. Syn. owner
(مالك) one who has legal title to something; owner

proprietorship: Read
n.
(ملكية) an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and entitled to its profits

prose: Read
n. Syn. essay
(نثر) essay; ordinary speech or writing; commonplace expression or quality

prosecute: Read
v. Syn. sue
(المحتملين) seek to obtain or enforce by legal action; carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in

prosecutor: Read
n.
(المدعي العام) one who carries out legal action, especially criminal proceedings; one who prosecutes any purpose, plan, or business

prospect: Read
n. Syn. possibility; hope; outlook
(تنقيب) possibility of future success; belief about future

prosperity: Read
n. Syn. wealth; fortune
(الرخاء) good fortune; financial success; physical well-being

prosperous: Read
a. Syn. successful; thriving
(مزدهر) successful; thriving; having or characterized by financial success or good fortune

protein: Read
n.
(محاكمة بروتين) any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells

protest: Read
n. Syn. outcry; objection
(يحتجون) expression of disagreement and disapproval; complain against

protocol: Read
n.
(البروتوكول) code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction

prototype: Read
n. Syn. model; archetype
(النموذج) original work used as a model; original type

provincial: Read
a.
(المحافظات) relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated

provision: Read
n. Syn. supply
(تقديم) stipulated condition; act of supplying or fitting out; something provided

provisional: Read
a. Syn. tentative; temporary
(الادخار المؤقت) temporary; provided for present need only

provocation: Read
n. Syn. incitement; aggravation
(الاستفزاز) unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment; aggravation

provoke: Read
v. Syn. irritate; cause; evoke
(إثارة) stir to anger; give rise to; stir to action or feeling

prudence: Read
n.
(الحكمة) quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; good judgment

prudent: Read
a. Syn. cautious; careful
(الحكمة) cautious; careful in regard to one's own interests

psychology: Read
n.
(علم النفس) science that deals with mental processes and behavior

publication: Read
n.
(مطبوعات) act or process of publishing printed matter; communication of information to public

publicity: Read
n.
(الدعاية) state of being public; information to attract public notice

publish: Read
v.
(بنشر هذه) make public; make known to mankind, or to people in general

pull: Read
v. Syn. draw
(سحب) steer or move into a certain direction; take away; remove from a fixed position; extract

pulse: Read
n. Syn. beat; rhythm
(نبض) beat; rhythm; rate at which heart beats;

pump: Read
v.
(مضخة) draw fluid or gas by pressure or suction; supply in great quantities

pumpkin: Read
n.
(اليقطين) usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family

punch: Read
v. Syn. blow; knock
(لكمة) blow; drive forcibly; pierce; hit with a sharp blow of the fist

punctual: Read
a.
(دقيقة) consisting in a point; limited to a point; unexpended; precise

pupil: Read
n.
(تلميذ) a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution

puppy: Read
n.
(جرو) young dog; pup; doll; puppet

purchase: Read
n.
(شراء) act or an instance of buying; something bought

purify: Read
v. Syn. refine
(تنقية) refine; make pure or free from sin or guilt; become clean

purity: Read
n.
(نقاء) condition of being pure; freedom from foreign admixture or deleterious matter; cleanness

purple: Read
n.
(الأرجواني) chromatic color between red and blue; belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler

purse: Read
v.
(مال) gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; contract one's lips into a rounded shape

pursue: Read
v.
(ملاحقة) follow in; go in search of or hunt for

pursuit: Read
n.
(السعي) follow after; follow with a view to obtain; endeavor to attain

puzzle: Read
n. Syn. mystery; enigma; perplex; riddle
(لغز) difficult question or problem

pyramid: Read
n.
(الهرم) a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides; built as royal tombs in ancient Egypt