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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (13)

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pace
pack
packaging
pad
painting
pair
pale
palm
pamphlet
pan
pane
panel
panic
panorama
panoramic
pant
pantry
pants
par
parachute
parade
paradise
paragraph
parallel
paralyse
parameter
parasite
parliament
partial
participant
participate
particle
partition
partner
passion
passionate
passive
passport
pastime
pasture
patch
patent
path
pathetic
patriot
patriotic
patriotism
patrol
patron
patronage
pave
pavement
pawn
peach
peak
pebble
peck
peculiar
peculiarity
pedal
pedestrian
peel
peer
penalty
pending
penetrate
penetration
pension
perceive
percent
perception
perch
perfect
perfection
perform
performance
performer
perfume
peril
perimeter
period
periodic
periodical
peripheral
perish
permanent
permission
permissive
permit
perpendicular
perpetual
perplex
persecute
persecution
perseverance
persevere
persist
persistence
personal
personality
personnel
perspective
persuade
pertain
pertinent
perturb
peruse
pest
pet
petition
petroleum
petty
phase
phenomenon
philosophy
phonetics
photograph
phrase
physical
physician
piano
pick
picnic
picturesque
pier
pigment
pile
pilgrim
pill
pillar
pillow
pilot
pin
pinch
pine
pineapple
pioneer
pioneering
pious
pirate
pistol
piston
pit
pitch
pitcher
plague
plain
plane
planet
plantation
plaster
plastic
plate
plateau
platform
playwright
plea
plead
pleasure
pledge
plight
plot
plough
pluck
plug
plumb
plumber
plume
plump
plunder
plunge
plus
ply
pneumonia
poke
polar
pole
policy
polish
politics
poll
pollute
pollution
ponder
pony
popcorn
popular
popularity
porcelain
porch
pore
port
portable
portion
portrait
portray
pose
positive
possess
possession
post
postage
postal
postcard
posterity
postpone
postulate
pot
potent
potential
potentiality
poultry
pound
pour
poverty
practicable
practical
practically
prairie
preach
precaution
precede
precedence
precedent
preceding
precious
precise
precision
predecessor
predict
prediction
predominant
preface
preferable
preference
pregnancy
pregnant
prejudice
preliminary
prelude
premature
premium
prescribe
prescribed
prescription
presence
present
presentation
preservation
preserve
preside
press
pressure
prestige
presumably
presume
pretense
pretentious
prevail
prevailing
prevalent
previous
prey
prick
primary
prime
primitive
principal
principle
prior
priority
privacy
privilege
probe
problematic
procedure
proceed
proceeding
proceeds
process
procession
proclaim
procure
produce
productive
productivity
profession
professional
proficiency
proficient
profile
profit
profound
progress
progressive
prohibit
prohibitive
project
projection
projector
proletarian
prolong
prominence
prominent
promise
promising
promote
prompt
prone
proof
propaganda
propagate
propel
propeller
proper
property
prophet
proportion
proposal
propose
proposition
proprietor
proprietorship
prose
prosecute
prosecutor
prospect
prosperity
prosperous
protein
protest
protocol
prototype
provincial
provision
provisional
provocation
provoke
prudence
prudent
psychology
publication
publicity
publish
pull
pulse
pump
pumpkin
punch
punctual
pupil
puppy
purchase
purify
purity
purple
purse
pursue
pursuit
puzzle
pyramid


pace: Read
n. Syn. step
(темпами) single movement from one foot to the other in walking; slow gait; step

pack: Read
n.
(обновления) pact or bundle made up and prepared to be carried; a number of similar things; a full set of playing cards

packaging: Read
n.
(распаковать) putting something into boxes

pad: Read
n.
(подушка) soft or small cushion; a kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting

painting: Read
n. Syn. drawing
(живопись) drawing; picture or design in paint; action of applying paint to a surface

pair: Read
n. Syn. couple
(пара) two people or things considered as a unit; two items of the same kind; couple

pale: Read
a.
(бледная) not ruddy; dusky white; pallid; not bright or brilliant

palm: Read
n.
(Palm) inner surface of the hand between bases of fingers and wrist; tropical evergreen trees of the family Palmae

pamphlet: Read
n.
(брошюры) brochure; leaflet; a small book usually having a paper cover

pan: Read
v. Syn. criticize
(кастрюля) criticize harshly; wash in pan; cook in pan

pane: Read
n.
(панели) framed section of window or door that is filled with a sheet of glass or others; panel in a wall or door

panel: Read
n. Syn. board
(Группа) a group of people gathered for a special purpose; small board or pad

panic: Read
n. Syn. alarm; fear
(паника) sudden mass fear and anxiety

panorama: Read
v.
(Панорама) complete view in every direction.

panoramic: Read
a.
(панорамным) related to unobstructed and comprehensive view; with a wide view

pant: Read
v.
(брюки) breathe quickly or in a labored manner; respire with heaving of the breast; sigh

pantry: Read
n.
(кладовая) apartment or closet in which bread and other provisions are kept

pants: Read
n. Syn. trousers; underwear
(брюки) trousers; underwear; garment extending from waist to knee or ankle

par: Read
n.
(номинальной) amount or level considered to be average; standard; equality of status, level, or value

parachute: Read
n.
(парашют) rescue equipment consisting of a device that fills with air and retards your fall

parade: Read
n. Syn. march; procession
(парад) march in a procession; ceremonial procession; visible display

paradise: Read
n.
(рай) garden of Eden; any place of complete delight and peace

paragraph: Read
n.
(пункте) distinct division of written or printed matter that begins on a new, usually indented line

parallel: Read
n. Syn. similarity; analogy
(параллельно) make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not intersecting

paralyse: Read
v. Syn. paralyze
(парализовать) make unable to move or act; impair the progress or functioning of

parameter: Read
n.
(параметр) characteristic or feature that distinguishes something from others

parasite: Read
n.
(паразит) animal or plant living on another

parliament: Read
n.
(парламент) discussion; formal conference on public affairs; general council, especially an assembly of representatives of a nation

partial: Read
a. Syn. incomplete; fragmentary; sectional
(частичного) incomplete; fragmentary; favoring one person or side over another or others

participant: Read
n.
(участник) people who take part in

participate: Read
v.
(участие) take part in something; share in something

particle: Read
n. Syn. speck; grain
(частицы) a tiny piece of anything

partition: Read
v. Syn. divide
(раздел) divide into parts, pieces, or sections

partner: Read
n.
(партнеры) person who is a member of a partnership; associate who works with others toward a common goal

passion: Read
n. Syn. ardor; fervor
(Страсть) strong feeling or emotion ; fervor

passionate: Read
a. Syn. ardent; zealous; enthusiastic
(страстной) zealous; enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zeal

passive: Read
a. Syn. compliant; inactive
(пассивные) lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injustice

passport: Read
n.
(паспорт) legal document identifying the bearer as citizen of a country and allowing to travel abroad

pastime: Read
n.
(времяпрепровождение) something which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement

pasture: Read
n. Syn. field; meadow
(пастбище) field covered with grass; meadow

patch: Read
n. Syn. expanse; piece
(патч) a piece of cloth; small area of ground covered by specific vegetation

patent: Read
a. Syn. obvious; apparent
(Патент) open for the public to read; obvious; plain

path: Read
n. Syn. orbit; roadway
(путь) way; footway; course or track; route; passage

pathetic: Read
a. Syn. touching; pathetic; pitiful
(жалкие) causing sadness, compassion, or pity

patriot: Read
n.
(патриот) one who loves and defends his or her country

patriotic: Read
a.
(патриотического) inspired by love for one's country

patriotism: Read
n.
(патриотизм) love of country; devotion to welfare of one's country; virtues and actions of patriot

patrol: Read
n. Syn. guard; watch
(патруль) activity of going on an area at regular intervals for security purposes

patron: Read
n. Syn. benefactor
(патрона) benefactor; regular customer

patronage: Read
n. Syn. sponsorship; support
(патронажем) sponsorship; support; state of being a sponsor

pave: Read
v. Syn. coat; cover
(проложить) coat; cover

pavement: Read
n.
(тротуар) floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make hard and convenient surface for travel

pawn: Read
n.
(пешку) something given as security for loan; pledge or guaranty; article deposited as security

peach: Read
n.
(персик) small tree in Prunus persica widely cultivated at temperate regions, having pink flowers and edible fruit

peak: Read
n.
(пик) summit; apex; maximum; prime

pebble: Read
n.
(галька) small smooth rounded rock

peck: Read
v. Syn. pick
(Пек) pick; hit lightly with a picking motion; eat like a bird

peculiar: Read
a. Syn. special; characteristic
(своеобразный) special; characteristic; unusual; odd; bizarre

peculiarity: Read
n. Syn. eccentricity; oddness
(особенность) eccentricity; oddness; an odd or unusual characteristic; private ownership; proprietorship

pedal: Read
n.
(педаль) foot-operated lever used for actuating or controlling a mechanism

pedestrian: Read
a. Syn. dull
(пешеходной) lacking wit or imagination; ordinary

peel: Read
v.
(корки) come off in flakes or thin small pieces; strip the skin off; get undressed

peer: Read
v. Syn. gaze; stare
(сверстников) gaze; stare; look searchingly; company with

penalty: Read
n. Syn. punishment; fine
(казнь) punishment established by law or authority for a crime or offense; fine

pending: Read
a. Syn. impending; imminent
(до) not yet decided or settled; awaiting conclusion or confirmation

penetrate: Read
v. Syn. pierce; permeate
(проникнуть) pierce; go through; permeate

penetration: Read
n.
(проникновения) act or process of penetrating, piercing, or entering

pension: Read
n. Syn. payment; tribute
(пенсионных) something paid or given; payment to a person in consideration of past services

perceive: Read
v. Syn. sense; detect
(воспринимать) become aware of through the senses; detect

percent: Read
n.
(процентов) out of each hundred; per hundred; one part in a hundred

perception: Read
n. Syn. understanding; feeling; sense
(восприятия) understanding; feeling; effect or product of perceiving

perch: Read
n.
(окунь) a place high up; an elevated place serving as a seat

perfect: Read
a. Syn. flawless; ideal
(совершенных) completed; not defective nor redundant; having all the properties or qualities; without flaw, fault, or blemish; without error

perfection: Read
n. Syn. flawlessness; excellence
(совершенство) flawlessness; excellence; state of being without flaw or defect

perform: Read
v. Syn. handle; execute
(выполнения) carry through; bring to completion; achieve; accomplish; execute

performance: Read
n. Syn. execution; show; presentataion
(производительности) act of performing; dramatic or musical entertainment; process or manner

performer: Read
n. Syn. entertainer; actor
(исполнителя) entertainer; who performs or takes part in a play or performance of any kind

perfume: Read
n. Syn. scent; aroma; fragrance
(духи) pleasing, agreeable scent or odor

peril: Read
n. Syn. danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy
(опасности) danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or property to injury, loss, or destruction

perimeter: Read
n. Syn. edge; periphery
(периметра) outer boundary length; closed curve bounding a plane area

period: Read
n.
(периода) duration, continuance, term; end of something

periodic: Read
a. Syn. repeated; recurrent
(периодических) repeated; recurring at intervals of time

periodical: Read
n.
(периодических) publication that appears at fixed intervals

peripheral: Read
a. Syn. marginal; outer
(периферической) located in outer boundary; unimportant; auxiliary

perish: Read
v.
(погибнуть) be destroyed; pass away; become nothing

permanent: Read
a. Syn. everlasting; perpetual
(постоянный) remaining without essential change

permission: Read
n. Syn. consent; approbation
(разрешения) consent; approval to do something

permissive: Read
a. Syn. approving; tolerant
(разрешительной) approving; tolerant; granting; not strict in discipline

permit: Read
v. Syn. allow
(разрешения) consent to; give permission

perpendicular: Read
a. Syn. vertical; upright
(перпендикулярно) vertical; upright; intersecting at or forming right angles; extremely steep

perpetual: Read
a. Syn. continual
(вечный) everlasting; continuing without interruption

perplex: Read
v.
(смущать) baffle; confuse

persecute: Read
v.
(преследовать) pursue in a manner to injure, grieve, or afflict; beset with cruelty or malignity; harass; annoy

persecution: Read
n.
(преследования) act of persecuting on the basis of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or beliefs that differ from those of the persecutor

perseverance: Read
n. Syn. endurance; persistence
(настойчивость) endurance; steady persistence in adhering to a course of action

persevere: Read
v.
(продолжать) endure; be persistent, refuse to stop

persist: Read
v. Syn. continue; insist; persevere
(сохраняются) continue; insist; persevere

persistence: Read
n. Syn. endurance; tenacity
(сохранение) endurance; tenacity; state or quality of being persistent; persistency

personal: Read
a.
(Личное) particular to a given individual; concerning or affecting a particular person

personality: Read
n. Syn. character
(личность) complex of all the attributes of a person; totality of qualities and traits of a person

personnel: Read
n. Syn. staff; employees
(персонал) group of people willing to obey orders

perspective: Read
n. Syn. viewpoint; view
(перспективы) appearance of things; view, outlook, or vista

persuade: Read
v. Syn. convince
(убедить) advise; counsel; urge the acceptance or practice of; convince

pertain: Read
v.
(относятся) belong; have connection with, or dependence on

pertinent: Read
a. Syn. relevant
(соответствующих) having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relating

perturb: Read
v.
(возмущают) disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; throw into great confusion

peruse: Read
v.
(знакомиться) read or examine, typically with great care

pest: Read
n. Syn. nuisance
(вредителями) persistently annoying person; organism that injures livestock or crops

pet: Read
n.
(животных) animal kept for amusement or companionship

petition: Read
n. Syn. plea; request
(ходатайства) plea; formal message requesting something

petroleum: Read
n.
(нефть) dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons

petty: Read
a. Syn. trivial; unimportant
(мелкой) trivial; of small importance; very small

phase: Read
n. Syn. stage; moment
(фазы) any distinct time period in a sequence of events; stage

phenomenon: Read
n.
(явление) appearance; anything visible, in matter or spirit; extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence

philosophy: Read
n.
(Философия) body of highest truth; investigation of nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning

phonetics: Read
n.
(фонетика) branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis

photograph: Read
n.
(фотографии) picture or likeness obtained by photography

phrase: Read
n.
(фразы) brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expression

physical: Read
a.
(физической) relating to the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

physician: Read
n.
(врач) person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to treat diseases; doctor of medicine

piano: Read
n.
(пианино) stringed instrument that is played by depressing keys

pick: Read
v. Syn. choose; select
(выбрать) remove something with the fingers, or with the teeth; separate as choice or desirable

picnic: Read
v.
(пикник) eat in the open air; have informal meal eaten outside or on an excursion

picturesque: Read
a. Syn. scenic; beautiful
(живописном) scenic; striking or interesting in an unusual way

pier: Read
n.
(пирс) landing place; platform built out from shore into water and supported by piles; provides access to ships

pigment: Read
n. Syn. coloring; dye
(пигмента) substance used as coloring; dry coloring matter

pile: Read
n.
(куча) large timber or post; heap; hair; fiber of wool, cotton; head of an arrow or spear

pilgrim: Read
n.
(паломник) traveler; one who travels far, or in strange lands, to visit some holy place or shrine as a devotee

pill: Read
n.
(таблетки) a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; something that is unpleasant or offensive

pillar: Read
n.
(столб) column; post

pillow: Read
n.
(подушка) a cushion to support the head of a sleeping person

pilot: Read
n.
(пилот) one who guides a course of action for others; one who operates or is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight

pin: Read
n.
(контактный) a piece of wood, metal, generally cylindrical, used for fastening separate articles together

pinch: Read
v. Syn. clutch; squeeze
(щепотку) clutch; squeeze between the thumb and a finger, the jaws of a tool, or other edges

pine: Read
v. Syn. yearn
(сосна) have desire for something or someone; yearn; grieve or mourn for

pineapple: Read
n.
(ананас) large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves

pioneer: Read
n.
(пионер) originator; explorer

pioneering: Read
a. Syn. initial; original
(новаторскую) initial; groundbreaking; originating; serving to pioneer

pious: Read
a. Syn. devout; religious
(благочестивых) devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and morality

pirate: Read
n.
(пират) robber on seas; one who by open violence takes the property of another on seas

pistol: Read
n.
(пистолет) the smallest firearm used, intended to be fired from one hand

piston: Read
n.
(поршневые) sliding piece which either is moved by, or moves against; mechanical device that has a plunging or thrusting motion

pit: Read
v.
(ямы) confront; set into opposition or rivalry

pitch: Read
n.
(шага) action or manner of throwing something

pitcher: Read
n.
(кувшин) container for liquids, having a handle and a lip or spout for pouring; player who throws the ball from the mound to the batter

plague: Read
n.
(чумы) epidemic disease with a high death rate; annoyance

plain: Read
n. Syn. plateau; prairie
(простой) without elevations or depressions; flat; smooth; not rich; simple; without beauty; not handsome

plane: Read
n.
(самолет) flat or level surface; level of development, existence, or achievement

planet: Read
n.
(планета) celestial bodies that revolve around the sun

plantation: Read
n. Syn. farm
(плантации) farm; an area under cultivation; a group of cultivated trees or plants

plaster: Read
n.
(пластырь) cover conspicuously, as by pasting something on; adhesive tape used in dressing wounds; a hardened surface as on a wall or ceiling

plastic: Read
a.
(пластиковые) capable of being molded; capable of being shaped or formed; easily influenced

plate: Read
n. Syn. covering; plane
(пластины) flat piece of metal; thick sheet of metal; small, usually circular, vessel of metal or wood for food table

plateau: Read
n. Syn. highland; upland
(плато) highland; upland; relatively flat highland

platform: Read
n. Syn. stage
(платформа) stage; a raised horizontal surface

playwright: Read
n.
(драматург) someone who writes plays

plea: Read
n.
(призыв) request for help; excuse or pretext

plead: Read
v.
(себя) appeal or request earnestly; enter a plea; offer as an excuse

pleasure: Read
n.
(удовольствие) agreeable sensations or emotions; excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying

pledge: Read
n. Syn. oath; guarantee
(залога) promise solemnly and formally; binding commitment to do something

plight: Read
n. Syn. predicament
(положение) condition or state, especially a bad state or condition

plot: Read
n.
(участок) small extent of ground; secret scheme or strategy

plough: Read
v.
(плуг) break and turn over earth especially with a plow; move with force

pluck: Read
v.
(срывать) pull or draw, especially, to pull with sudden force or effort, or to pull off or out from something

plug: Read
n.
(плагин) something, such as a cork or a wad of cloth, used to fill a hole tightly; stopper

plumb: Read
a. Syn. vertical
(отвес) checking perpendicularity; exactly vertical

plumber: Read
n.
(сантехника) craftsman who installs and repairs pipes and fixtures and appliances

plume: Read
n.
(шлейфа) feather, especially soft, downy, long, or handsome feather; an ornamental tuft of feathers; token of honor or achievement

plump: Read
a. Syn. chubby; fat
(пухлые) sound of a sudden heavy fall; well-rounded and full in form

plunder: Read
v.
(грабеж) take goods of by force, or without right; spoil; sack; strip; rob

plunge: Read
v. Syn. dive; submerge
(окунуться) dive; submerge; become suddenly lower; decrease dramatically; throw oneself into a substance or place

plus: Read
a.
(плюс) involving advantage or good; on the positive side or higher end of a scale

ply: Read
v.
(слоя) bend; lay on closely, or in folds; work upon steadily, or with repeated acts; press upon

pneumonia: Read
n.
(пневмонии) inflammation of the lungs

poke: Read
v.
(тыкать) push at, as with a finger or an arm; search or look curiously; proceed in slow or lazy manner; thrust forward

polar: Read
a.
(полярные) pertaining to one of the poles of the earth; of the poles

pole: Read
n.
(полюс) a long rod; one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions

policy: Read
n.
(политика) settled method of government to administer; system of public or official administration

polish: Read
v. Syn. shine; burnish
(польский) remove flaws from; perfect or complete

politics: Read
n.
(политика) profession devoted to governing and political affairs; study of government of states and other political units

poll: Read
n. Syn. voting; survey
(Голосование) voting; survey; number of votes cast or recorded

pollute: Read
v. Syn. contaminate; defile; profane
(загрязняют) make impure; make unfit for or harmful to living things, especially by the addition of waste matter

pollution: Read
n. Syn. contamination
(загрязнение) contamination; undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated

ponder: Read
v.
(задуматься) weigh; weigh in the mind; view with deliberation; examine carefully; consider attentively

pony: Read
n.
(пони) small horse; small glass of beer; word for word translation of a foreign language text

popcorn: Read
n.
(попкорн) small kernels of corn exploded by heat

popular: Read
a. Syn. favorite
(Популярные) of common people; suitable to common people; easy to be comprehended; not abstruse; familiar; plain

popularity: Read
n.
(популярности) quality of being widely admired or accepted or sought after

porcelain: Read
n.
(фарфор) ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

porch: Read
n.
(крыльца) covered and enclosed entrance to building; covered passage

pore: Read
v. Syn. scrutinize; ponder
(пор) gaze intently; stare; scrutinize; read or study carefully and attentively

port: Read
n. Syn. dock; pier
(порт) place on waterway with facilities for loading and unloading ships

portable: Read
a. Syn. mobile
(портативный) mobile; easily or conveniently transported

portion: Read
n. Syn. part; section; segment
(часть) section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a whole

portrait: Read
n. Syn. portraiture; picture
(портрет) portraiture; picture; likeness of a person, especially one showing the face

portray: Read
v. Syn. depict; describe; draw
(изображать) depict; describe; draw

pose: Read
v.
(представляют) pretend to be someone you are not; assume a posture as for artistic purposes

positive: Read
a.
(положительные) involving advantage or good ; greater than zero; very sure; confident

possess: Read
v. Syn. have; own
(обладают) occupy in person; hold or actually have in one's own keeping; have and hold; have the legal title to

possession: Read
n. Syn. ownership; belongings; estate
(владение) act of having and controlling property; belongings

post: Read
v. Syn. publicize; advertise
(сообщение) display announcement in a place of public view; publish on a list

postage: Read
n.
(почтовые) token that postal fee has been paid; charge for mailing something

postal: Read
a.
(почтовые) of or relating to the system for delivering mail

postcard: Read
n.
(открытки) card for sending messages by post without an envelope

posterity: Read
n. Syn. descendants; offspring
(потомство) descendants collectively; the race that proceeds from a progenitor; future generations

postpone: Read
v. Syn. delay; defer
(отложить) hold back to a later time; delay; defer

postulate: Read
n.
(постулат) essential premise; underlying assumption

pot: Read
n. Syn. kettle; bottle
(банк) metallic or earthen vessel for boiling meat or vegetables, for holding liquids, or for plant

potent: Read
a. Syn. powerful
(мощный) powerful; having power to influence or convince; having great control or authority

potential: Read
a. Syn. possible; latent
(потенциал) existing in possibility; expected to become or be

potentiality: Read
n.
(возможность) inherent capacity for coming into being; an aptitude that may be developed

poultry: Read
n.
(птица) domestic fowls reared for eating, or for their eggs or feathers, such as cocks and hens, capons, turkeys, ducks, and geese

pound: Read
n.
(фунт) unit of weight equal to 16 ounces

pour: Read
v.
(залить) flow in a spurt; rain heavily; supply in large amounts

poverty: Read
n. Syn. indigence; destitution
(бедность) lack of money; state of being poor; lack of the means of providing material needs or comforts

practicable: Read
a. Syn. feasible
(практически) feasible; capable of being effected, done, or put into practice

practical: Read
a. Syn. pragmatic; useful
(практических) based on experience; useful

practically: Read
ad. Syn. virtually; actually; almost
(практически) virtually; actually; for all practical purpose

prairie: Read
n.
(прерии) treeless grassy plain; extensive area of flat or rolling

preach: Read
v. Syn. advocate; sermonize
(проповеди) advocate; speak, plead; argue in favor of

precaution: Read
n. Syn. prevention
(предосторожности) prevention; measure taken beforehand; act of foresight

precede: Read
v. Syn. antecede
(предшествовать) come before; antecede

precedence: Read
n.
(преимущество) fact, state, or right of preceding; priority; previous occurrence, or existence before; preceding act or speech

precedent: Read
n. Syn. example; pattern
(прецедент) act or instance that may be used as example in subsequent similar cases

preceding: Read
a. Syn. ahead
(предыдущего) ahead; prior to

precious: Read
a. Syn. valued; valuable
(драгоценных) of high worth or cost

precise: Read
a. Syn. exact; accurate
(точное) exact; clearly expressed; accurate or correct

precision: Read
n. Syn. exactness; accuracy
(точности) exactness; accuracy; number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measured

predecessor: Read
n. Syn. forerunner; ancestor
(предшественником) former occupant of post; ancestor or forefather

predict: Read
v. Syn. forecast; foretell
(предсказать) state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledge

prediction: Read
n. Syn. prophecy; foretelling
(прогноз) something foretold or predicted; prophecy

predominant: Read
a. Syn. principal; dominant; overpowering
(преобладает) most frequent or common; having superior power and influence

preface: Read
n.
(Предисловие) something spoken as introductory to a discourse, or written as introductory to a book or essay

preferable: Read
a. Syn. favored; better; preferred
(предпочтительно) favored; better; more desirable or worthy than another; preferred

preference: Read
n. Syn. inclination; attachment; favorite
(предпочтение) a strong liking; favorite

pregnancy: Read
n.
(беременность) condition of being pregnant; fruitfulness; fertility

pregnant: Read
a.
(беременных) expecting a baby; carrying within the body or being about to produce new life

prejudice: Read
n.
(ущерба) opinion formed without due examination; leaning toward one side of a question

preliminary: Read
a. Syn. initial; introductory; preparatory
(предварительного) prior to or preparing for the main matter; introductory

prelude: Read
n. Syn. introduction; forerunner
(прелюдией) introduction; forerunner; preliminary or preface

premature: Read
a.
(преждевременным) too soon; too early; occurring before a state of readiness

premium: Read
n.
(премии) having or reflecting superior quality or value

prescribe: Read
v. Syn. dictate; guide
(назначают) dictate; guide; advise the use of; assert a right; claim

prescribed: Read
a. Syn. set; certain; stated
(предписано) set down as a rule or guide; certain; stated

prescription: Read
n. Syn. instruction; order
(рецепт) written instructions from doctor; written order; act of establishing official rules, laws, or directions

presence: Read
n.
(наличие) state of being present; current existence

present: Read
n.
(настоящее) being in existence; something presented as a gift; period of time that is happening now

presentation: Read
n.
(презентация) show or display; act of presenting something to sight or view

preservation: Read
n. Syn. conservation; protection
(сохранение) conservation; protection

preserve: Read
v. Syn. uphold; retain; maintain
(сохранения) uphold; retain; maintain in safety from injury, peril, or harm

preside: Read
v.
(председательствовать) be set, or to sit, in the place of authority; occupy the place of president, chairman, moderator, director; direct, control, and regulate, as chief officer

press: Read
n.
(пресса) machines or devices that apply pressure or print; collecting and publishing of news; journalism in general

pressure: Read
n. Syn. stress; tension
(давление) stress; tension; condition of being pressed

prestige: Read
n. Syn. fame; reputation
(Престиж) impression produced by achievements or reputation; recognized distinction or importance

presumably: Read
ad. Syn. assumedly; supposedly
(предположительно) assumedly; supposedly

presume: Read
v. Syn. suppose
(предполагают) take for granted as true in absence of proof; venture without authority

pretense: Read
n.
(притворство) act of giving a false appearance; imaginative intellectual play

pretentious: Read
a.
(претенциозным) intended to attract notice and impress others; making unjustified claims; overly ambitious

prevail: Read
v. Syn. induce; ; triumph
(преобладают) induce; be greater in strength or influence; triumph; win out

prevailing: Read
a. Syn. widespread; predominant
(преобладающих) most frequent; widespread; predominant

prevalent: Read
a. Syn. widespread
(распространенных) widespread; widely or commonly occurring, existing, accepted

previous: Read
a.
(предыдущая) existing or occurring before something else

prey: Read
n. Syn. victim
(добычу) target of a hunt; animal hunted or caught for food

prick: Read
v.
(укола) penetrate or puncture by a sharp and slender thing

primary: Read
a. Syn. principal; prime; fundamental
(основной) of first rank or importance or value; essential or basic

prime: Read
a. Syn. primary; principal; chief
(Премьер) first in excellence, quality, or value; at the best stage; peak; first in degree or rank; chief

primitive: Read
a. Syn. rudimentary; primeval
(примитивные) belonging to an early stage; simple or naive in style; primeval

principal: Read
a. Syn. chief; main
(главная) highest in rank, authority, character, importance, or degree

principle: Read
n.
(принципа) basic truth or law or assumption; rule or law of nature; rule of personal conduct

prior: Read
a. Syn. former; antecedent; anterior; previous
(до) preceding in the order of time; former; previous

priority: Read
n. Syn. preference; precedence
(Приоритет) preceding in time, importance, or urgency

privacy: Read
n. Syn. seclusion
(Конфиденциальность) quality of being secluded from view of others; condition of being hidden

privilege: Read
n.
(привилегии) special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all; right reserved exclusively

probe: Read
v. Syn. detect; investigate; search
(зонда) explore with tools; investigate; search

problematic: Read
a. Syn. doubtful; perplexing
(проблематичным) open to doubt; unsettled; questionable; difficult to solve

procedure: Read
n. Syn. progress; process
(процедуры) act or manner of moving forward; act performed; steps taken in an action

proceed: Read
n. Syn. continue; advance
(продолжить) follow a certain course; move ahead; travel onward

proceeding: Read
n.
(производства) a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked

proceeds: Read
n. Syn. revenue
(доходов) profit, money made from selling something; income arising from land or other property

process: Read
n. Syn. progress; advance; procedure
(процесс) act of proceeding; continued forward movement; a series of actions

procession: Read
n.
(процессии) act of proceeding, moving on, advancing, or issuing; regular, orderly, or ceremonious progress; continuous course

proclaim: Read
v. Syn. declare; announce
(провозгласить) declare; announce

procure: Read
v.
(закупки) bring into possession; cause to accrue to, or to come into possession of; cause to come

produce: Read
v.
(Продукция) bring forward; lead forth; offer to view or notice; exhibit; cause to be or to happen

productive: Read
a.
(продуктивной) having quality or power of producing; yielding or furnishing results; causing to exist

productivity: Read
n.
(производительности) quality or state of being productive; productiveness.

profession: Read
n. Syn. vocation; occupation
(профессии) occupation requiring special education

professional: Read
a.
(профессиональные) engaged in, or suitable for a profession

proficiency: Read
n. Syn. skill; expertise
(квалификации) skillfulness in command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity; expertise

proficient: Read
a. Syn. skilled; expert
(опытный) skilled; expert; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

profile: Read
n.
(Профиль) outline; biographical sketch

profit: Read
n. Syn. benefit
(прибыли) advantageous gain or return; income received from investments or property

profound: Read
a. Syn. deep; complete
(глубокое) deep; not superficial; far-reaching

progress: Read
n. Syn. advance; development; headway; proceed
(Достижения) moving or going forward; proceeding onward; advance

progressive: Read
a. Syn. advancing; incremental
(прогрессивный) forward-looking; advancing; incremental

prohibit: Read
v. Syn. ban; taboo; forbid
(запрещающие) ban; taboo; forbid

prohibitive: Read
a.
(запретительные) tending to discourage; prohibiting; forbidding

project: Read
n. Syn. program; plan; scheme
(проект) any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; program; plan; scheme

projection: Read
n.
(проекции) plan for anticipated course of action; thing that extends outward beyond a prevailing line or surface

projector: Read
n.
(проектор) optical device for projecting a beam of light

proletarian: Read
n.
(пролетарской) member of working class; blue collar person

prolong: Read
v. Syn. lengthen
(продлить) make longer; draw out; lengthen

prominence: Read
n. Syn. notability
(известность) relative importance; property of being prominent; a standing out from the surface of something

prominent: Read
a. Syn. conspicuous; notable
(видный) conspicuous; immediately noticeable; sticking out; widely known

promise: Read
n. Syn. expectation
(обещания) declaration assuring that one will or will not do something; indication of something favorable to come

promising: Read
a. Syn. prospective; hopeful
(перспективных) likely to develop in a desirable manner; affording hope

promote: Read
v. Syn. publicize; advance
(содействовать) help to flourish; advance in rank; publicize

prompt: Read
v. Syn. cause; remind; ; inspire
(строки) move to act; incite; give rise to; assist with a reminder

prone: Read
a.
(склонны) inclined; lying face downward; having a tendency

proof: Read
n. Syn. evidence; demonstration
(доказательство) evidence; demonstration; statement or argument used in such a validation

propaganda: Read
n.
(пропаганда) organization or plan for spreading a particular doctrine or a system of principles

propagate: Read
v. Syn. multiply; spread
(распространяться) cause something to multiply or breed; cause to extend to broader area or larger number

propel: Read
v.
(движение) drive forward; cause to move forward or onward; push

propeller: Read
n.
(винта) machine for propelling an aircraft or boat; one who propels

proper: Read
a. Syn. right; appropriate
(надлежащего) belonging to one; one's own; individual; belonging to natural or essential constitution; peculiar; not common; particular

property: Read
n. Syn. asset; estate; charactersitics; attribute
(недвижимость) any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone

prophet: Read
n. Syn. predictor
(пророк) one who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of a god is expressed

proportion: Read
n. Syn. amounts; percentage
(Доля) percentage; quotient obtained when a part is divided by the whole; part considered in relation to the whole

proposal: Read
n.
(предложение) something proposed; act of making a proposal; an offer of marriage

propose: Read
v. Syn. advance; suggest
(предлагаем) make a proposal, declare a plan for something

proposition: Read
n. Syn. proposal; task
(предложения) plan suggested for acceptance; a matter to be dealt with; subject for discussion or analysis

proprietor: Read
n. Syn. owner
(собственника) one who has legal title to something; owner

proprietorship: Read
n.
(собственности) an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and entitled to its profits

prose: Read
n. Syn. essay
(проза) essay; ordinary speech or writing; commonplace expression or quality

prosecute: Read
v. Syn. sue
(преследование) seek to obtain or enforce by legal action; carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in

prosecutor: Read
n.
(прокурора) one who carries out legal action, especially criminal proceedings; one who prosecutes any purpose, plan, or business

prospect: Read
n. Syn. possibility; hope; outlook
(перспективы) possibility of future success; belief about future

prosperity: Read
n. Syn. wealth; fortune
(процветание) good fortune; financial success; physical well-being

prosperous: Read
a. Syn. successful; thriving
(процветающей) successful; thriving; having or characterized by financial success or good fortune

protein: Read
n.
(белка) any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells

protest: Read
n. Syn. outcry; objection
(протест) expression of disagreement and disapproval; complain against

protocol: Read
n.
(Протокол) code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction

prototype: Read
n. Syn. model; archetype
(Прототип) original work used as a model; original type

provincial: Read
a.
(провинциальных) relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated

provision: Read
n. Syn. supply
(положение) stipulated condition; act of supplying or fitting out; something provided

provisional: Read
a. Syn. tentative; temporary
(предварительной) temporary; provided for present need only

provocation: Read
n. Syn. incitement; aggravation
(провокация) unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment; aggravation

provoke: Read
v. Syn. irritate; cause; evoke
(провоцировать) stir to anger; give rise to; stir to action or feeling

prudence: Read
n.
(благоразумие) quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; good judgment

prudent: Read
a. Syn. cautious; careful
(разумным) cautious; careful in regard to one's own interests

psychology: Read
n.
(психология) science that deals with mental processes and behavior

publication: Read
n.
(публикации) act or process of publishing printed matter; communication of information to public

publicity: Read
n.
(Реклама) state of being public; information to attract public notice

publish: Read
v.
(публикации) make public; make known to mankind, or to people in general

pull: Read
v. Syn. draw
(тянуть) steer or move into a certain direction; take away; remove from a fixed position; extract

pulse: Read
n. Syn. beat; rhythm
(импульса) beat; rhythm; rate at which heart beats;

pump: Read
v.
(насосы) draw fluid or gas by pressure or suction; supply in great quantities

pumpkin: Read
n.
(тыква) usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family

punch: Read
v. Syn. blow; knock
(удар) blow; drive forcibly; pierce; hit with a sharp blow of the fist

punctual: Read
a.
(пунктуальность) consisting in a point; limited to a point; unexpended; precise

pupil: Read
n.
(ученика) a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution

puppy: Read
n.
(щенка) young dog; pup; doll; puppet

purchase: Read
n.
(купить) act or an instance of buying; something bought

purify: Read
v. Syn. refine
(очистить) refine; make pure or free from sin or guilt; become clean

purity: Read
n.
(чистоты) condition of being pure; freedom from foreign admixture or deleterious matter; cleanness

purple: Read
n.
(фиолетовый) chromatic color between red and blue; belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler

purse: Read
v.
(кошелек) gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; contract one's lips into a rounded shape

pursue: Read
v.
(продолжать) follow in; go in search of or hunt for

pursuit: Read
n.
(преследования) follow after; follow with a view to obtain; endeavor to attain

puzzle: Read
n. Syn. mystery; enigma; perplex; riddle
(головоломки) difficult question or problem

pyramid: Read
n.
(пирамиды) a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides; built as royal tombs in ancient Egypt