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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (13)

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pace
pack
packaging
pad
painting
pair
pale
palm
pamphlet
pan
pane
panel
panic
panorama
panoramic
pant
pantry
pants
par
parachute
parade
paradise
paragraph
parallel
paralyse
parameter
parasite
parliament
partial
participant
participate
particle
partition
partner
passion
passionate
passive
passport
pastime
pasture
patch
patent
path
pathetic
patriot
patriotic
patriotism
patrol
patron
patronage
pave
pavement
pawn
peach
peak
pebble
peck
peculiar
peculiarity
pedal
pedestrian
peel
peer
penalty
pending
penetrate
penetration
pension
perceive
percent
perception
perch
perfect
perfection
perform
performance
performer
perfume
peril
perimeter
period
periodic
periodical
peripheral
perish
permanent
permission
permissive
permit
perpendicular
perpetual
perplex
persecute
persecution
perseverance
persevere
persist
persistence
personal
personality
personnel
perspective
persuade
pertain
pertinent
perturb
peruse
pest
pet
petition
petroleum
petty
phase
phenomenon
philosophy
phonetics
photograph
phrase
physical
physician
piano
pick
picnic
picturesque
pier
pigment
pile
pilgrim
pill
pillar
pillow
pilot
pin
pinch
pine
pineapple
pioneer
pioneering
pious
pirate
pistol
piston
pit
pitch
pitcher
plague
plain
plane
planet
plantation
plaster
plastic
plate
plateau
platform
playwright
plea
plead
pleasure
pledge
plight
plot
plough
pluck
plug
plumb
plumber
plume
plump
plunder
plunge
plus
ply
pneumonia
poke
polar
pole
policy
polish
politics
poll
pollute
pollution
ponder
pony
popcorn
popular
popularity
porcelain
porch
pore
port
portable
portion
portrait
portray
pose
positive
possess
possession
post
postage
postal
postcard
posterity
postpone
postulate
pot
potent
potential
potentiality
poultry
pound
pour
poverty
practicable
practical
practically
prairie
preach
precaution
precede
precedence
precedent
preceding
precious
precise
precision
predecessor
predict
prediction
predominant
preface
preferable
preference
pregnancy
pregnant
prejudice
preliminary
prelude
premature
premium
prescribe
prescribed
prescription
presence
present
presentation
preservation
preserve
preside
press
pressure
prestige
presumably
presume
pretense
pretentious
prevail
prevailing
prevalent
previous
prey
prick
primary
prime
primitive
principal
principle
prior
priority
privacy
privilege
probe
problematic
procedure
proceed
proceeding
proceeds
process
procession
proclaim
procure
produce
productive
productivity
profession
professional
proficiency
proficient
profile
profit
profound
progress
progressive
prohibit
prohibitive
project
projection
projector
proletarian
prolong
prominence
prominent
promise
promising
promote
prompt
prone
proof
propaganda
propagate
propel
propeller
proper
property
prophet
proportion
proposal
propose
proposition
proprietor
proprietorship
prose
prosecute
prosecutor
prospect
prosperity
prosperous
protein
protest
protocol
prototype
provincial
provision
provisional
provocation
provoke
prudence
prudent
psychology
publication
publicity
publish
pull
pulse
pump
pumpkin
punch
punctual
pupil
puppy
purchase
purify
purity
purple
purse
pursue
pursuit
puzzle
pyramid


pace: Read
n. Syn. step
(一步,步幅,步态,(马的)溜蹄,慢慢地走) single movement from one foot to the other in walking; slow gait; step

pack: Read
n.
(装,将…挤入,塞满) pact or bundle made up and prepared to be carried; a number of similar things; a full set of playing cards

packaging: Read
n.
(包装) putting something into boxes

pad: Read
n.
(垫子,垫状物,印台,印盒,便笺簿) soft or small cushion; a kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting

painting: Read
n. Syn. drawing
(绘画,油画) drawing; picture or design in paint; action of applying paint to a surface

pair: Read
n. Syn. couple
(一对,使成对,成双) two people or things considered as a unit; two items of the same kind; couple

pale: Read
a.
(苍白的,灰白的) not ruddy; dusky white; pallid; not bright or brilliant

palm: Read
n.
(棕榈,棕榈叶,手掌,手心) inner surface of the hand between bases of fingers and wrist; tropical evergreen trees of the family Palmae

pamphlet: Read
n.
(小册子) brochure; leaflet; a small book usually having a paper cover

pan: Read
v. Syn. criticize
(剧烈批评,猛烈抨击) criticize harshly; wash in pan; cook in pan

pane: Read
n.
(窗格玻璃) framed section of window or door that is filled with a sheet of glass or others; panel in a wall or door

panel: Read
n. Syn. board
(一组人,小版子或小垫子) a group of people gathered for a special purpose; small board or pad

panic: Read
n. Syn. alarm; fear
(恐慌) sudden mass fear and anxiety

panorama: Read
v.
(全景,概观) complete view in every direction.

panoramic: Read
a.
(全景的) related to unobstructed and comprehensive view; with a wide view

pant: Read
v.
(喘气,喘息) breathe quickly or in a labored manner; respire with heaving of the breast; sigh

pantry: Read
n.
(食品室) apartment or closet in which bread and other provisions are kept

pants: Read
n. Syn. trousers; underwear
(裤子,短裤) trousers; underwear; garment extending from waist to knee or ankle

par: Read
n.
(同等,平均量) amount or level considered to be average; standard; equality of status, level, or value

parachute: Read
n.
(降落伞) rescue equipment consisting of a device that fills with air and retards your fall

parade: Read
n. Syn. march; procession
(游行) march in a procession; ceremonial procession; visible display

paradise: Read
n.
(天堂,伊甸乐园,天国) garden of Eden; any place of complete delight and peace

paragraph: Read
n.
((文章的)段,段落,(报纸的)一则新闻) distinct division of written or printed matter that begins on a new, usually indented line

parallel: Read
n. Syn. similarity; analogy
(类似,相似) make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not intersecting

paralyse: Read
v. Syn. paralyze
(瘫痪,废止) make unable to move or act; impair the progress or functioning of

parameter: Read
n.
(参数,参量) characteristic or feature that distinguishes something from others

parasite: Read
n.
(寄生,寄生体) animal or plant living on another

parliament: Read
n.
(国会,议会) discussion; formal conference on public affairs; general council, especially an assembly of representatives of a nation

partial: Read
a. Syn. incomplete; fragmentary; sectional
(部分的) incomplete; fragmentary; favoring one person or side over another or others

participant: Read
n.
(参与者,参赛者) people who take part in

participate: Read
v.
(参与,参加,分享) take part in something; share in something

particle: Read
n. Syn. speck; grain
(点,微粒) a tiny piece of anything

partition: Read
v. Syn. divide
(分裂开来) divide into parts, pieces, or sections

partner: Read
n.
(伙伴,合作者,合伙人) person who is a member of a partnership; associate who works with others toward a common goal

passion: Read
n. Syn. ardor; fervor
(激情,热情) strong feeling or emotion ; fervor

passionate: Read
a. Syn. ardent; zealous; enthusiastic
(充满热情的,热烈的) zealous; enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zeal

passive: Read
a. Syn. compliant; inactive
(被动的) lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injustice

passport: Read
n.
(护照) legal document identifying the bearer as citizen of a country and allowing to travel abroad

pastime: Read
n.
(消遣,娱乐) something which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement

pasture: Read
n. Syn. field; meadow
(牧场,草地) field covered with grass; meadow

patch: Read
n. Syn. expanse; piece
(片,补缀,碎片) a piece of cloth; small area of ground covered by specific vegetation

patent: Read
a. Syn. obvious; apparent
(显而易见的,公开查阅的) open for the public to read; obvious; plain

path: Read
n. Syn. orbit; roadway
(轨道,道路) way; footway; course or track; route; passage

pathetic: Read
a. Syn. touching; pathetic; pitiful
(可怜的,触动人心的) causing sadness, compassion, or pity

patriot: Read
n.
(爱国者) one who loves and defends his or her country

patriotic: Read
a.
(爱国的) inspired by love for one's country

patriotism: Read
n.
(爱国主义,爱国心) love of country; devotion to welfare of one's country; virtues and actions of patriot

patrol: Read
n. Syn. guard; watch
(巡逻,巡视) activity of going on an area at regular intervals for security purposes

patron: Read
n. Syn. benefactor
(赞助人,资助人,(会员性的)顾客) benefactor; regular customer

patronage: Read
n. Syn. sponsorship; support
(赞助,惠顾) sponsorship; support; state of being a sponsor

pave: Read
v. Syn. coat; cover
(铺设,铺路) coat; cover

pavement: Read
n.
(人行道) floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make hard and convenient surface for travel

pawn: Read
n.
(典当,抵押,小人物,走卒) something given as security for loan; pledge or guaranty; article deposited as security

peach: Read
n.
(桃子) small tree in Prunus persica widely cultivated at temperate regions, having pink flowers and edible fruit

peak: Read
n.
(憔悴,消瘦) summit; apex; maximum; prime

pebble: Read
n.
(小鹅卵石) small smooth rounded rock

peck: Read
v. Syn. pick
(啄,啄起) pick; hit lightly with a picking motion; eat like a bird

peculiar: Read
a. Syn. special; characteristic
(特有的,专有的) special; characteristic; unusual; odd; bizarre

peculiarity: Read
n. Syn. eccentricity; oddness
(特性,怪癖) eccentricity; oddness; an odd or unusual characteristic; private ownership; proprietorship

pedal: Read
n.
(踏板,踏蹬) foot-operated lever used for actuating or controlling a mechanism

pedestrian: Read
a. Syn. dull
(没有想象力的,普通的) lacking wit or imagination; ordinary

peel: Read
v.
(剥皮,削皮,脱落,剥落) come off in flakes or thin small pieces; strip the skin off; get undressed

peer: Read
v. Syn. gaze; stare
(凝视,仔细看) gaze; stare; look searchingly; company with

penalty: Read
n. Syn. punishment; fine
(处罚,罚款) punishment established by law or authority for a crime or offense; fine

pending: Read
a. Syn. impending; imminent
(即将发生的,未决的) not yet decided or settled; awaiting conclusion or confirmation

penetrate: Read
v. Syn. pierce; permeate
(刺穿,渗入,了解) pierce; go through; permeate

penetration: Read
n.
(穿透,洞察力) act or process of penetrating, piercing, or entering

pension: Read
n. Syn. payment; tribute
(养老金,退休金) something paid or given; payment to a person in consideration of past services

perceive: Read
v. Syn. sense; detect
(察觉,发觉) become aware of through the senses; detect

percent: Read
n.
(每百中,百分之,百分点) out of each hundred; per hundred; one part in a hundred

perception: Read
n. Syn. understanding; feeling; sense
(理解,感知,感觉) understanding; feeling; effect or product of perceiving

perch: Read
n.
(栖木,栖息地) a place high up; an elevated place serving as a seat

perfect: Read
a. Syn. flawless; ideal
(完美的,理想的) completed; not defective nor redundant; having all the properties or qualities; without flaw, fault, or blemish; without error

perfection: Read
n. Syn. flawlessness; excellence
(尽善尽美,完美) flawlessness; excellence; state of being without flaw or defect

perform: Read
v. Syn. handle; execute
(履行,执行) carry through; bring to completion; achieve; accomplish; execute

performance: Read
n. Syn. execution; show; presentataion
(履行,执行,表演,演奏) act of performing; dramatic or musical entertainment; process or manner

performer: Read
n. Syn. entertainer; actor
(表演者) entertainer; who performs or takes part in a play or performance of any kind

perfume: Read
n. Syn. scent; aroma; fragrance
(香味,香水) pleasing, agreeable scent or odor

peril: Read
n. Syn. danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy
(危险) danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or property to injury, loss, or destruction

perimeter: Read
n. Syn. edge; periphery
(周长) outer boundary length; closed curve bounding a plane area

period: Read
n.
(句点,省略号,完结) duration, continuance, term; end of something

periodic: Read
a. Syn. repeated; recurrent
(周期的,定期的) repeated; recurring at intervals of time

periodical: Read
n.
(期刊,杂志) publication that appears at fixed intervals

peripheral: Read
a. Syn. marginal; outer
(外围的) located in outer boundary; unimportant; auxiliary

perish: Read
v.
(死,暴卒) be destroyed; pass away; become nothing

permanent: Read
a. Syn. everlasting; perpetual
(长久的,永久的) remaining without essential change

permission: Read
n. Syn. consent; approbation
(许可,允许) consent; approval to do something

permissive: Read
a. Syn. approving; tolerant
(许可的,宽容的) approving; tolerant; granting; not strict in discipline

permit: Read
v. Syn. allow
(允许许可,准许,容许,许可证,执照) consent to; give permission

perpendicular: Read
a. Syn. vertical; upright
(垂直的,直立的) vertical; upright; intersecting at or forming right angles; extremely steep

perpetual: Read
a. Syn. continual
(永久的) everlasting; continuing without interruption

perplex: Read
v.
(使为难,使困惑,使混乱) baffle; confuse

persecute: Read
v.
(迫害,不断困扰) pursue in a manner to injure, grieve, or afflict; beset with cruelty or malignity; harass; annoy

persecution: Read
n.
(迫害) act of persecuting on the basis of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or beliefs that differ from those of the persecutor

perseverance: Read
n. Syn. endurance; persistence
(坚定不移) endurance; steady persistence in adhering to a course of action

persevere: Read
v.
(坚忍) endure; be persistent, refuse to stop

persist: Read
v. Syn. continue; insist; persevere
(坚持,持续) continue; insist; persevere

persistence: Read
n. Syn. endurance; tenacity
(坚持不懈,持续) endurance; tenacity; state or quality of being persistent; persistency

personal: Read
a.
(私人的,个人的,亲自的) particular to a given individual; concerning or affecting a particular person

personality: Read
n. Syn. character
(个性,性格) complex of all the attributes of a person; totality of qualities and traits of a person

personnel: Read
n. Syn. staff; employees
(人员,职员) group of people willing to obey orders

perspective: Read
n. Syn. viewpoint; view
((判断事物的)角度,方法,观点) appearance of things; view, outlook, or vista

persuade: Read
v. Syn. convince
(说服,劝说,(使)相信) advise; counsel; urge the acceptance or practice of; convince

pertain: Read
v.
(属于,关于) belong; have connection with, or dependence on

pertinent: Read
a. Syn. relevant
(说到点子上的,中肯的,有关的) having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relating

perturb: Read
v.
(感到不安) disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; throw into great confusion

peruse: Read
v.
(细读) read or examine, typically with great care

pest: Read
n. Syn. nuisance
(害虫,令人讨厌的人或物) persistently annoying person; organism that injures livestock or crops

pet: Read
n.
(宠物) animal kept for amusement or companionship

petition: Read
n. Syn. plea; request
(请愿) plea; formal message requesting something

petroleum: Read
n.
(石油) dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons

petty: Read
a. Syn. trivial; unimportant
(微小的,不重要的) trivial; of small importance; very small

phase: Read
n. Syn. stage; moment
(阶段,态) any distinct time period in a sequence of events; stage

phenomenon: Read
n.
(现象) appearance; anything visible, in matter or spirit; extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence

philosophy: Read
n.
(哲学,原理,人生观) body of highest truth; investigation of nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning

phonetics: Read
n.
(语音学) branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis

photograph: Read
n.
(照片) picture or likeness obtained by photography

phrase: Read
n.
(警句,乐句,短语) brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expression

physical: Read
a.
((与思想,精神相对的)物质的,自然的) relating to the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

physician: Read
n.
(医生,内科医生) person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to treat diseases; doctor of medicine

piano: Read
n.
(钢琴) stringed instrument that is played by depressing keys

pick: Read
v. Syn. choose; select
(选择,采,摘,挖掘) remove something with the fingers, or with the teeth; separate as choice or desirable

picnic: Read
v.
(野餐,轻松的工作) eat in the open air; have informal meal eaten outside or on an excursion

picturesque: Read
a. Syn. scenic; beautiful
(如画的,美丽的) scenic; striking or interesting in an unusual way

pier: Read
n.
(桥墩,码头) landing place; platform built out from shore into water and supported by piles; provides access to ships

pigment: Read
n. Syn. coloring; dye
(色素) substance used as coloring; dry coloring matter

pile: Read
n.
(堆,大量,绒,丝) large timber or post; heap; hair; fiber of wool, cotton; head of an arrow or spear

pilgrim: Read
n.
(朝圣客,香客) traveler; one who travels far, or in strange lands, to visit some holy place or shrine as a devotee

pill: Read
n.
(药丸) a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; something that is unpleasant or offensive

pillar: Read
n.
(柱子,柱状物,重要的支持者) column; post

pillow: Read
n.
(枕头) a cushion to support the head of a sleeping person

pilot: Read
n.
(飞行员) one who guides a course of action for others; one who operates or is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight

pin: Read
n.
(别针,饰针) a piece of wood, metal, generally cylindrical, used for fastening separate articles together

pinch: Read
v. Syn. clutch; squeeze
(掐,夹痛) clutch; squeeze between the thumb and a finger, the jaws of a tool, or other edges

pine: Read
v. Syn. yearn
(消瘦,憔悴,渴望,松树) have desire for something or someone; yearn; grieve or mourn for

pineapple: Read
n.
(凤梨,菠萝) large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves

pioneer: Read
n.
(开拓者) originator; explorer

pioneering: Read
a. Syn. initial; original
(开创性的) initial; groundbreaking; originating; serving to pioneer

pious: Read
a. Syn. devout; religious
(神职的,虔诚的) devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and morality

pirate: Read
n.
(海盗,剽窃者盗印,掠夺) robber on seas; one who by open violence takes the property of another on seas

pistol: Read
n.
(手枪) the smallest firearm used, intended to be fired from one hand

piston: Read
n.
(活塞) sliding piece which either is moved by, or moves against; mechanical device that has a plunging or thrusting motion

pit: Read
v.
(对抗,竞争) confront; set into opposition or rivalry

pitch: Read
n.
(抛掷) action or manner of throwing something

pitcher: Read
n.
(大水罐,水壶) container for liquids, having a handle and a lip or spout for pouring; player who throws the ball from the mound to the batter

plague: Read
n.
(瘟疫,讨厌的人或物) epidemic disease with a high death rate; annoyance

plain: Read
n. Syn. plateau; prairie
(平原,草原) without elevations or depressions; flat; smooth; not rich; simple; without beauty; not handsome

plane: Read
n.
(平整的表面,刨子,平面刨) flat or level surface; level of development, existence, or achievement

planet: Read
n.
(行星) celestial bodies that revolve around the sun

plantation: Read
n. Syn. farm
(种植园,种植园) farm; an area under cultivation; a group of cultivated trees or plants

plaster: Read
n.
(灰泥,石膏) cover conspicuously, as by pasting something on; adhesive tape used in dressing wounds; a hardened surface as on a wall or ceiling

plastic: Read
a.
(可塑的,塑胶) capable of being molded; capable of being shaped or formed; easily influenced

plate: Read
n. Syn. covering; plane
(盘子,版图,大片平面) flat piece of metal; thick sheet of metal; small, usually circular, vessel of metal or wood for food table

plateau: Read
n. Syn. highland; upland
(高原,高地) highland; upland; relatively flat highland

platform: Read
n. Syn. stage
(月台,平台,讲坛) stage; a raised horizontal surface

playwright: Read
n.
(剧作家) someone who writes plays

plea: Read
n.
(恳求,请求,辩解,抗辩) request for help; excuse or pretext

plead: Read
v.
(恳求,提出理由) appeal or request earnestly; enter a plea; offer as an excuse

pleasure: Read
n.
(快乐) agreeable sensations or emotions; excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying

pledge: Read
n. Syn. oath; guarantee
(誓言,保证) promise solemnly and formally; binding commitment to do something

plight: Read
n. Syn. predicament
(情况,状况,困境) condition or state, especially a bad state or condition

plot: Read
n.
(情节,阴谋) small extent of ground; secret scheme or strategy

plough: Read
v.
(犁,犁田) break and turn over earth especially with a plow; move with force

pluck: Read
v.
(拨毛,勇气,勇敢) pull or draw, especially, to pull with sudden force or effort, or to pull off or out from something

plug: Read
n.
(塞子,栓,电插头) something, such as a cork or a wad of cloth, used to fill a hole tightly; stopper

plumb: Read
a. Syn. vertical
(垂直,铅锤,用铅锤量) checking perpendicularity; exactly vertical

plumber: Read
n.
(水管工人) craftsman who installs and repairs pipes and fixtures and appliances

plume: Read
n.
(羽毛,整理羽毛,骚首弄姿) feather, especially soft, downy, long, or handsome feather; an ornamental tuft of feathers; token of honor or achievement

plump: Read
a. Syn. chubby; fat
(重物突然坠落) sound of a sudden heavy fall; well-rounded and full in form

plunder: Read
v.
(抢劫,掠夺) take goods of by force, or without right; spoil; sack; strip; rob

plunge: Read
v. Syn. dive; submerge
(跳进,投入,陷入) dive; submerge; become suddenly lower; decrease dramatically; throw oneself into a substance or place

plus: Read
a.
(加上,附加的,超过的) involving advantage or good; on the positive side or higher end of a scale

ply: Read
v.
(弯曲,折叠,压抑) bend; lay on closely, or in folds; work upon steadily, or with repeated acts; press upon

pneumonia: Read
n.
(肺炎) inflammation of the lungs

poke: Read
v.
(刺,戳,嘲弄) push at, as with a finger or an arm; search or look curiously; proceed in slow or lazy manner; thrust forward

polar: Read
a.
(靠近极地的,靠近北极(或南极)的) pertaining to one of the poles of the earth; of the poles

pole: Read
n.
(长棒,相互对立的观点之一) a long rod; one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions

policy: Read
n.
(政策,方针,权谋,保险单) settled method of government to administer; system of public or official administration

polish: Read
v. Syn. shine; burnish
(擦亮) remove flaws from; perfect or complete

politics: Read
n.
(政治,政见,政治学) profession devoted to governing and political affairs; study of government of states and other political units

poll: Read
n. Syn. voting; survey
(选举之投票,民意测验) voting; survey; number of votes cast or recorded

pollute: Read
v. Syn. contaminate; defile; profane
(污染,玷污) make impure; make unfit for or harmful to living things, especially by the addition of waste matter

pollution: Read
n. Syn. contamination
(污染,玷污) contamination; undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated

ponder: Read
v.
(仔细考虑) weigh; weigh in the mind; view with deliberation; examine carefully; consider attentively

pony: Read
n.
(小马) small horse; small glass of beer; word for word translation of a foreign language text

popcorn: Read
n.
(爆米花) small kernels of corn exploded by heat

popular: Read
a. Syn. favorite
(流行的,受欢迎的) of common people; suitable to common people; easy to be comprehended; not abstruse; familiar; plain

popularity: Read
n.
(流行,受大众欢迎) quality of being widely admired or accepted or sought after

porcelain: Read
n.
(瓷器,瓷制的,精美的,脆的) ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

porch: Read
n.
(门廊,走廊) covered and enclosed entrance to building; covered passage

pore: Read
v. Syn. scrutinize; ponder
(沉思,考察,深思熟虑) gaze intently; stare; scrutinize; read or study carefully and attentively

port: Read
n. Syn. dock; pier
(港,港口,端口) place on waterway with facilities for loading and unloading ships

portable: Read
a. Syn. mobile
(便携的,手提的,轻便的) mobile; easily or conveniently transported

portion: Read
n. Syn. part; section; segment
(一部分,部分) section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a whole

portrait: Read
n. Syn. portraiture; picture
(肖像,画像,描写) portraiture; picture; likeness of a person, especially one showing the face

portray: Read
v. Syn. depict; describe; draw
(描述,绘制) depict; describe; draw

pose: Read
v.
(形成,引起) pretend to be someone you are not; assume a posture as for artistic purposes

positive: Read
a.
(积极的,正的,阳极的) involving advantage or good ; greater than zero; very sure; confident

possess: Read
v. Syn. have; own
(拥有,占有) occupy in person; hold or actually have in one's own keeping; have and hold; have the legal title to

possession: Read
n. Syn. ownership; belongings; estate
(拥有,占有,财产) act of having and controlling property; belongings

post: Read
v. Syn. publicize; advertise
(张贴,揭示) display announcement in a place of public view; publish on a list

postage: Read
n.
(邮资) token that postal fee has been paid; charge for mailing something

postal: Read
a.
(邮政的,邮局的) of or relating to the system for delivering mail

postcard: Read
n.
(明信片) card for sending messages by post without an envelope

posterity: Read
n. Syn. descendants; offspring
(子孙,后裔) descendants collectively; the race that proceeds from a progenitor; future generations

postpone: Read
v. Syn. delay; defer
(推迟,使延期) hold back to a later time; delay; defer

postulate: Read
n.
(前提,基于的假定) essential premise; underlying assumption

pot: Read
n. Syn. kettle; bottle
(罐,壶) metallic or earthen vessel for boiling meat or vegetables, for holding liquids, or for plant

potent: Read
a. Syn. powerful
(有能力的,有影响力的,有优势的) powerful; having power to influence or convince; having great control or authority

potential: Read
a. Syn. possible; latent
(潜在的) existing in possibility; expected to become or be

potentiality: Read
n.
(潜能,潜力) inherent capacity for coming into being; an aptitude that may be developed

poultry: Read
n.
(家禽,食用家禽) domestic fowls reared for eating, or for their eggs or feathers, such as cocks and hens, capons, turkeys, ducks, and geese

pound: Read
n.
(磅,英镑) unit of weight equal to 16 ounces

pour: Read
v.
(流,倾泻,(雨)倾盆而下,倒茶) flow in a spurt; rain heavily; supply in large amounts

poverty: Read
n. Syn. indigence; destitution
(贫困) lack of money; state of being poor; lack of the means of providing material needs or comforts

practicable: Read
a. Syn. feasible
(可行的) feasible; capable of being effected, done, or put into practice

practical: Read
a. Syn. pragmatic; useful
(有用的,经验的,实践证明的) based on experience; useful

practically: Read
ad. Syn. virtually; actually; almost
(实际上,几乎,简直) virtually; actually; for all practical purpose

prairie: Read
n.
(大草原) treeless grassy plain; extensive area of flat or rolling

preach: Read
v. Syn. advocate; sermonize
(布道,鼓吹) advocate; speak, plead; argue in favor of

precaution: Read
n. Syn. prevention
(预防措施,警惕) prevention; measure taken beforehand; act of foresight

precede: Read
v. Syn. antecede
(在之前,早于,优先于) come before; antecede

precedence: Read
n.
((事情发生的)先后次序,优先,优先权) fact, state, or right of preceding; priority; previous occurrence, or existence before; preceding act or speech

precedent: Read
n. Syn. example; pattern
(先例) act or instance that may be used as example in subsequent similar cases

preceding: Read
a. Syn. ahead
(在前的) ahead; prior to

precious: Read
a. Syn. valued; valuable
(宝贵的,珍贵的) of high worth or cost

precise: Read
a. Syn. exact; accurate
(精确的) exact; clearly expressed; accurate or correct

precision: Read
n. Syn. exactness; accuracy
(精确,精密度) exactness; accuracy; number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measured

predecessor: Read
n. Syn. forerunner; ancestor
(前任,前辈) former occupant of post; ancestor or forefather

predict: Read
v. Syn. forecast; foretell
(预言,预告) state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledge

prediction: Read
n. Syn. prophecy; foretelling
(预言,预报) something foretold or predicted; prophecy

predominant: Read
a. Syn. principal; dominant; overpowering
(支配的,主要的) most frequent or common; having superior power and influence

preface: Read
n.
(序言,开端) something spoken as introductory to a discourse, or written as introductory to a book or essay

preferable: Read
a. Syn. favored; better; preferred
(更可取的,更好的) favored; better; more desirable or worthy than another; preferred

preference: Read
n. Syn. inclination; attachment; favorite
(偏爱,优先,优先权) a strong liking; favorite

pregnancy: Read
n.
(怀孕,丰富) condition of being pregnant; fruitfulness; fertility

pregnant: Read
a.
(怀孕的) expecting a baby; carrying within the body or being about to produce new life

prejudice: Read
n.
(偏见,成见,损害) opinion formed without due examination; leaning toward one side of a question

preliminary: Read
a. Syn. initial; introductory; preparatory
(预备的,初步的) prior to or preparing for the main matter; introductory

prelude: Read
n. Syn. introduction; forerunner
(序,先驱,先导) introduction; forerunner; preliminary or preface

premature: Read
a.
(早熟的,不成熟的,过早的) too soon; too early; occurring before a state of readiness

premium: Read
n.
(额外费用,保险金,奖金) having or reflecting superior quality or value

prescribe: Read
v. Syn. dictate; guide
(指示,规定) dictate; guide; advise the use of; assert a right; claim

prescribed: Read
a. Syn. set; certain; stated
(规定的) set down as a rule or guide; certain; stated

prescription: Read
n. Syn. instruction; order
(药方,处方) written instructions from doctor; written order; act of establishing official rules, laws, or directions

presence: Read
n.
(出席,到场) state of being present; current existence

present: Read
n.
(出席的,到场的,现存的,有如在场的) being in existence; something presented as a gift; period of time that is happening now

presentation: Read
n.
(表演,外表,展示,提示) show or display; act of presenting something to sight or view

preservation: Read
n. Syn. conservation; protection
(保存,贮藏,保护) conservation; protection

preserve: Read
v. Syn. uphold; retain; maintain
(保存) uphold; retain; maintain in safety from injury, peril, or harm

preside: Read
v.
(负责,指挥) be set, or to sit, in the place of authority; occupy the place of president, chairman, moderator, director; direct, control, and regulate, as chief officer

press: Read
n.
(挤压,印刷机,出版物) machines or devices that apply pressure or print; collecting and publishing of news; journalism in general

pressure: Read
n. Syn. stress; tension
(压力,压迫) stress; tension; condition of being pressed

prestige: Read
n. Syn. fame; reputation
(声望,威信) impression produced by achievements or reputation; recognized distinction or importance

presumably: Read
ad. Syn. assumedly; supposedly
(推测起来,大概) assumedly; supposedly

presume: Read
v. Syn. suppose
(假定,假设,认为,当作) take for granted as true in absence of proof; venture without authority

pretense: Read
n.
(矫饰,做作) act of giving a false appearance; imaginative intellectual play

pretentious: Read
a.
(自命不凡,华而不实,自大) intended to attract notice and impress others; making unjustified claims; overly ambitious

prevail: Read
v. Syn. induce; ; triumph
(导致,促使,击败,盛行) induce; be greater in strength or influence; triumph; win out

prevailing: Read
a. Syn. widespread; predominant
(流行的,盛行的) most frequent; widespread; predominant

prevalent: Read
a. Syn. widespread
(普遍的,流行的) widespread; widely or commonly occurring, existing, accepted

previous: Read
a.
(以前的,先的,过早的,以前) existing or occurring before something else

prey: Read
n. Syn. victim
(猎物,受害人,牺牲品) target of a hunt; animal hunted or caught for food

prick: Read
v.
(小刺,刺痛刺伤,戳穿) penetrate or puncture by a sharp and slender thing

primary: Read
a. Syn. principal; prime; fundamental
(第一位的,主要的) of first rank or importance or value; essential or basic

prime: Read
a. Syn. primary; principal; chief
(主要的) first in excellence, quality, or value; at the best stage; peak; first in degree or rank; chief

primitive: Read
a. Syn. rudimentary; primeval
(上古的,原始的) belonging to an early stage; simple or naive in style; primeval

principal: Read
a. Syn. chief; main
(主要的,(高等院校的)校长,本金,主要演员) highest in rank, authority, character, importance, or degree

principle: Read
n.
(原则,主义,原理,定律) basic truth or law or assumption; rule or law of nature; rule of personal conduct

prior: Read
a. Syn. former; antecedent; anterior; previous
(预先的,在前的,更重要的,优先的) preceding in the order of time; former; previous

priority: Read
n. Syn. preference; precedence
(优先,优先权) preceding in time, importance, or urgency

privacy: Read
n. Syn. seclusion
(独处,隐私,秘密) quality of being secluded from view of others; condition of being hidden

privilege: Read
n.
(给与特权,特免,特权) special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all; right reserved exclusively

probe: Read
v. Syn. detect; investigate; search
(探测) explore with tools; investigate; search

problematic: Read
a. Syn. doubtful; perplexing
(忧郁的,忧心忡忡的,心存疑虑的,有疑问的) open to doubt; unsettled; questionable; difficult to solve

procedure: Read
n. Syn. progress; process
(程序,工序,过程) act or manner of moving forward; act performed; steps taken in an action

proceed: Read
n. Syn. continue; advance
(开始进行,继续进行,起诉,控诉,源于) follow a certain course; move ahead; travel onward

proceeding: Read
n.
(行动,进行) a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked

proceeds: Read
n. Syn. revenue
(收益) profit, money made from selling something; income arising from land or other property

process: Read
n. Syn. progress; advance; procedure
(过程,加工) act of proceeding; continued forward movement; a series of actions

procession: Read
n.
(行列,前进) act of proceeding, moving on, advancing, or issuing; regular, orderly, or ceremonious progress; continuous course

proclaim: Read
v. Syn. declare; announce
(声明,宣告) declare; announce

procure: Read
v.
(取得,获得) bring into possession; cause to accrue to, or to come into possession of; cause to come

produce: Read
v.
(生产) bring forward; lead forth; offer to view or notice; exhibit; cause to be or to happen

productive: Read
a.
(多产的,能生产的,生产的) having quality or power of producing; yielding or furnishing results; causing to exist

productivity: Read
n.
(生产力,生产率) quality or state of being productive; productiveness.

profession: Read
n. Syn. vocation; occupation
(职业,专业) occupation requiring special education

professional: Read
a.
(专业的,职业的) engaged in, or suitable for a profession

proficiency: Read
n. Syn. skill; expertise
(熟练,精通) skillfulness in command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity; expertise

proficient: Read
a. Syn. skilled; expert
(熟练的,精通的) skilled; expert; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

profile: Read
n.
(剖面,侧面,(尤指人面部的)侧面) outline; biographical sketch

profit: Read
n. Syn. benefit
(利润,利益,得益) advantageous gain or return; income received from investments or property

profound: Read
a. Syn. deep; complete
(深刻的) deep; not superficial; far-reaching

progress: Read
n. Syn. advance; development; headway; proceed
(前进,发展) moving or going forward; proceeding onward; advance

progressive: Read
a. Syn. advancing; incremental
(前进的,累进的) forward-looking; advancing; incremental

prohibit: Read
v. Syn. ban; taboo; forbid
(禁止) ban; taboo; forbid

prohibitive: Read
a.
(禁止的,阻碍的,阻止的) tending to discourage; prohibiting; forbidding

project: Read
n. Syn. program; plan; scheme
(设计,规划,项目) any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; program; plan; scheme

projection: Read
n.
(发射) plan for anticipated course of action; thing that extends outward beyond a prevailing line or surface

projector: Read
n.
(放映机) optical device for projecting a beam of light

proletarian: Read
n.
(无产阶级的,蓝领的) member of working class; blue collar person

prolong: Read
v. Syn. lengthen
(拖延) make longer; draw out; lengthen

prominence: Read
n. Syn. notability
(显著,突出) relative importance; property of being prominent; a standing out from the surface of something

prominent: Read
a. Syn. conspicuous; notable
(显著的,突出的,卓越的) conspicuous; immediately noticeable; sticking out; widely known

promise: Read
n. Syn. expectation
(诺言,希望,展望) declaration assuring that one will or will not do something; indication of something favorable to come

promising: Read
a. Syn. prospective; hopeful
(有前途的,有希望的) likely to develop in a desirable manner; affording hope

promote: Read
v. Syn. publicize; advance
(提升,促进) help to flourish; advance in rank; publicize

prompt: Read
v. Syn. cause; remind; ; inspire
(提示,鼓动,迅速及时的) move to act; incite; give rise to; assist with a reminder

prone: Read
a.
(倾向于) inclined; lying face downward; having a tendency

proof: Read
n. Syn. evidence; demonstration
(证据) evidence; demonstration; statement or argument used in such a validation

propaganda: Read
n.
(宣传) organization or plan for spreading a particular doctrine or a system of principles

propagate: Read
v. Syn. multiply; spread
(迅速增长,传播,扩散) cause something to multiply or breed; cause to extend to broader area or larger number

propel: Read
v.
(推进) drive forward; cause to move forward or onward; push

propeller: Read
n.
(推进器) machine for propelling an aircraft or boat; one who propels

proper: Read
a. Syn. right; appropriate
(恰当的,得体的) belonging to one; one's own; individual; belonging to natural or essential constitution; peculiar; not common; particular

property: Read
n. Syn. asset; estate; charactersitics; attribute
(财产,所有权) any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone

prophet: Read
n. Syn. predictor
(先知,预言者,提倡者) one who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of a god is expressed

proportion: Read
n. Syn. amounts; percentage
(比例,比率) percentage; quotient obtained when a part is divided by the whole; part considered in relation to the whole

proposal: Read
n.
(提案,建议) something proposed; act of making a proposal; an offer of marriage

propose: Read
v. Syn. advance; suggest
(提出,提议) make a proposal, declare a plan for something

proposition: Read
n. Syn. proposal; task
(主张,陈述,提议,建议) plan suggested for acceptance; a matter to be dealt with; subject for discussion or analysis

proprietor: Read
n. Syn. owner
(所有者,业主) one who has legal title to something; owner

proprietorship: Read
n.
(所有权) an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and entitled to its profits

prose: Read
n. Syn. essay
(散文) essay; ordinary speech or writing; commonplace expression or quality

prosecute: Read
v. Syn. sue
(告发,检举) seek to obtain or enforce by legal action; carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in

prosecutor: Read
n.
(起诉人) one who carries out legal action, especially criminal proceedings; one who prosecutes any purpose, plan, or business

prospect: Read
n. Syn. possibility; hope; outlook
(前景,期望) possibility of future success; belief about future

prosperity: Read
n. Syn. wealth; fortune
(繁荣,好运) good fortune; financial success; physical well-being

prosperous: Read
a. Syn. successful; thriving
(成功的,繁荣的) successful; thriving; having or characterized by financial success or good fortune

protein: Read
n.
(蛋白质) any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells

protest: Read
n. Syn. outcry; objection
(抗议) expression of disagreement and disapproval; complain against

protocol: Read
n.
(协议) code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction

prototype: Read
n. Syn. model; archetype
(原型) original work used as a model; original type

provincial: Read
a.
(省级的,视野不宽的,简单的) relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated

provision: Read
n. Syn. supply
(供应,供应品) stipulated condition; act of supplying or fitting out; something provided

provisional: Read
a. Syn. tentative; temporary
(临时的) temporary; provided for present need only

provocation: Read
n. Syn. incitement; aggravation
(激怒,挑拨,刺激) unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment; aggravation

provoke: Read
v. Syn. irritate; cause; evoke
(激怒,惹,煽动,挑起) stir to anger; give rise to; stir to action or feeling

prudence: Read
n.
(明智,谨慎,小心) quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; good judgment

prudent: Read
a. Syn. cautious; careful
(谨慎的) cautious; careful in regard to one's own interests

psychology: Read
n.
(心理学,心理) science that deals with mental processes and behavior

publication: Read
n.
(发表,公布,出版,发行物) act or process of publishing printed matter; communication of information to public

publicity: Read
n.
(公开,宣传) state of being public; information to attract public notice

publish: Read
v.
(出版,发行,公开,发表) make public; make known to mankind, or to people in general

pull: Read
v. Syn. draw
(拉,拖,牵) steer or move into a certain direction; take away; remove from a fixed position; extract

pulse: Read
n. Syn. beat; rhythm
(脉搏,脉冲) beat; rhythm; rate at which heart beats;

pump: Read
v.
(泵) draw fluid or gas by pressure or suction; supply in great quantities

pumpkin: Read
n.
(南瓜) usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family

punch: Read
v. Syn. blow; knock
(重击) blow; drive forcibly; pierce; hit with a sharp blow of the fist

punctual: Read
a.
(准时的,按时的) consisting in a point; limited to a point; unexpended; precise

pupil: Read
n.
(瞳孔) a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution

puppy: Read
n.
(小狗,幼犬) young dog; pup; doll; puppet

purchase: Read
n.
(赢得,换得,购买) act or an instance of buying; something bought

purify: Read
v. Syn. refine
(提炼,精炼) refine; make pure or free from sin or guilt; become clean

purity: Read
n.
(纯洁,纯净,纯粹) condition of being pure; freedom from foreign admixture or deleterious matter; cleanness

purple: Read
n.
(紫色) chromatic color between red and blue; belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler

purse: Read
v.
(折叠褶皱,钱包,手提包(女式)) gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; contract one's lips into a rounded shape

pursue: Read
v.
(追赶,追踪,从事) follow in; go in search of or hunt for

pursuit: Read
n.
(追捕,追赶,寻求) follow after; follow with a view to obtain; endeavor to attain

puzzle: Read
n. Syn. mystery; enigma; perplex; riddle
(难题,谜) difficult question or problem

pyramid: Read
n.
(金字塔,金字塔现象/形状) a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides; built as royal tombs in ancient Egypt