Group (17) - Words of the GroupPrevious  
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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (17)

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ugly
ultimate
ultimately
ultrasonic
ultraviolet
unanimous
unbearable
unconscious
uncover
underestimate
undergo
undergraduate
underground
underline
underlying
undermine
underneath
undertake
undertaking
undo
undoubtedly
undue
uneasy
unfair
unfold
unfortunately
uniform
unique
unity
universal
universe
unlikely
unload
unprecedented
unsatisfactory
unstable
unwarranted
uphold
upright
upset
urban
urge
urgent
utensil
utility
utilization
utilize
utmost
utter
utterance
vacancy
vacant
vacation
vaccinate
vacuum
vague
vain
valid
validity
valley
valve
vanish
vanity
vapor
variable
variance
variant
variation
varied
variety
various
varnish
vary
vast
vault
vegetable
vehicle
veil
vein
velocity
vengeance
ventilate
ventilation
venture
verbal
verge
verify
versatile
verse
version
vertical
vessel
veteran
veto
vex
via
vibrate
vibration
vice
vicinity
vicious
victorious
victory
vigor
vigorous
vine
violate
violence
violent
violin
virtual
virtually
virtue
virus
viscous
visible
vision
visual
vital
vivid
vocation
vogue
void
volcano
volley
voltage
volume
voluntary
volunteer
vote
voter
voucher
vow
vowel
voyage
vulgar
vulnerable
wade
wag
wage
wagon
waist
waive
wake
walnut
wander
ward
wardrobe
ware
warehouse
warfare
warrant
warrior
waterproof
waver
wax
weapon
weary
weather
weave
weaver
web
wedding
wedge
weed
weld
welfare
whereas
whereby
whilst
whip
whirl
whisper
whistle
wholesale
wholesaler
wholesome
wicked
widespread
width
wield
wilderness
willow
winding
wisdom
wit
withdraw
withdrawal
wither
withhold
withstand
witness
woe
woods
wool
wording
worldwide
worst
worthwhile
wrap
wrath
wreck
wrench
wrestle
wretched
wring
wrinkle
wrist
yacht
yard
yawn
yearn
yeast
yield
yoke
yolk
zeal
zealous
zone
zoology


ugly: Read
a.
(уродливые) offensive to the sight; contrary to beauty; disagreeable aspect; unsightly

ultimate: Read
a. Syn. final; fundamental; extreme
(конечной) final; being the last or concluding; fundamental; elemental; extreme

ultimately: Read
ad.
(конечном счете) as final consequence; at last; in the end

ultrasonic: Read
a. Syn. supersonic
(ультразвуковой) supersonic; higher in frequency than the range of sound perceptible to the human ear

ultraviolet: Read
a.
(ультрафиолетового) wave lengths shorter than light but longer than X rays

unanimous: Read
a. Syn. uniform; agreed
(единодушны) uniform; in complete agreement

unbearable: Read
a. Syn. unendurable; intolerable
(невыносимо) unendurable; so unpleasant, distasteful, or painful as to be intolerable

unconscious: Read
a.
(бессознательное) lacking awareness; senseless; unaware

uncover: Read
v. Syn. reveal; expose; disclose
(раскрыть) remove the cover from; expose; disclose

underestimate: Read
v. Syn. undervalue
(недооценивать) make too low an estimate of the quantity; undervalue

undergo: Read
v. Syn. experience; suffer
(проходят) experience; suffer; pass through

undergraduate: Read
n.
(бакалавриату) university student who has not yet received a first degree

underground: Read
a. Syn. subterranean; buried
(подземных) under the level of the ground; buried

underline: Read
v.
(подчеркнуть) mark a line below, as words; underscore.

underlying: Read
a. Syn. fundamental; implicit
(основной) lying under or beneath something; basic; implicit; taking precedence; prior

undermine: Read
v. Syn. weaken
(подорвать) weaken by wearing away base or foundation; injure or impair; dig a mine or tunnel beneath

underneath: Read
ad.
(под) under or below an object or a surface; lower down on the page

undertake: Read
v. Syn. embark; assume
(проведения) take on; embark on; assume

undertaking: Read
n. Syn. task; project; career
(проведения) task or assignment undertaken; career

undo: Read
v. Syn. release
(отменить) release; cause the ruin or downfall of; cancel or reverse an action

undoubtedly: Read
ad. Syn. unquestionably; indubitably
(безусловно) unquestionably; without doubt; certainly

undue: Read
a.
(неоправданной) not due; not yet owing; not just, proper, or legal; ; excessive

uneasy: Read
a.
(непросто) not easy; difficult; restless; disturbed by pain, anxiety

unfair: Read
a. Syn. unjust; biased
(несправедливо) unjust; contrary to laws or conventions, especially in commerce

unfold: Read
v.
(развернуть) extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length; happen

unfortunately: Read
ad. Syn. unluckily
(К сожалению) unluckily; by bad luck

uniform: Read
n.
(Униформа) consistent; standardized; clothing of a particular group

unique: Read
a. Syn. alone; single; sole
(уникальную) without an equal; being the only one of its kind

unity: Read
n. Syn. cohesion; harmony
(единства) cohesion; harmony; quality of being united into one

universal: Read
a. Syn. comprehensive; general; worldwide
(универсальные) affecting all; general; present everywhere; relating to the entire world or all within the world; worldwide

universe: Read
n. Syn. cosmos
(Вселенная) cosmos; everything that exists anywhere

unlikely: Read
a. Syn. improbable
(вряд) improbable; has little chance of being the case or coming about

unload: Read
v.
(выгрузки) take something off a container

unprecedented: Read
a. Syn. novel; unparalleled
(беспрецедентного) having no previous example; novel; unparalleled

unsatisfactory: Read
a. Syn. inadequate
(неудовлетворительным) not giving satisfaction; inadequate

unstable: Read
a. Syn. inconstant; volatile
(неустойчивой) inconstant; variable; lacking control of one's emotions; constantly changing

unwarranted: Read
a. Syn. unjustified; groundless; undeserved
(необоснованного) having no justification; groundless; not guaranteed to be good, sound, or of a certain quality

uphold: Read
v. Syn. support; preserve; maintain
(поддерживать) support; preserve; hold aloft; raise

upright: Read
a.
(вертикальном) in an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly vertical; pointing upward

upset: Read
a. Syn. worried; disturb; overturn
(расстройство) concerned by anxious uneasiness or trouble or grief

urban: Read
a. Syn. municipal
(городского) metropolitan; of, relating to, or located in a city

urge: Read
v. Syn. entreat; advocate
(призываем) force in an indicated direction; stimulate; excite

urgent: Read
a. Syn. pressing; compelling; immediate
(срочный) pressing; compelling immediate action or attention

utensil: Read
n.
(посуда) instrument, implement, or container for practical use, especially in kitchen or laboratory

utility: Read
n.
(утилиту) something useful; public service

utilization: Read
n.
(использования) state of having been made use of; the act of using

utilize: Read
v. Syn. harness
(использовать) put into service; take advantage of

utmost: Read
n.
(максимальной) farthest point or extremity; most distant; extreme

utter: Read
v. Syn. speak; express
(полной) speak; express; send forth with the voice

utterance: Read
n. Syn. speech
(высказывания) vocal expression; power of speaking; last or utmost extremity

vacancy: Read
n. Syn. absence; emptiness
(вакансии) absence; emptiness

vacant: Read
a. Syn. empty; uninhabited
(вакантных) void of thought or knowledge; without an occupant or incumbent

vacation: Read
n.
(Отдых) leisure time away from work; act of making something legally void

vaccinate: Read
v.
(вакцинации) perform or produce immunity

vacuum: Read
n.
(вакуум) empty area or space; electrical home appliance that cleans by suction

vague: Read
a. Syn. imprecise; obscure; indistinct
(расплывчато) imprecise; indistinct; not clearly expressed; inexplicit

vain: Read
a.
(Напрасно) having no real substance, value, or importance; empty; void; worthless; unsatisfying

valid: Read
a. Syn. sound; true
(Действительный) logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; well grounded

validity: Read
n.
(действия) quality of having legal force or effectiveness

valley: Read
n.
(долины) space between ranges of mountains; area drained or irrigated by a river system; internal angle formed by intersection

valve: Read
n.
(клапана) device or structure for controlling the flow of a fluid

vanish: Read
v. Syn. disappear
(исчезают) disappear; pass out of sight, especially quickly; die out

vanity: Read
n.
(тщеславие) quality or state of being vain; emptiness; feelings of excessive pride; conceit

vapor: Read
n. Syn. gas; steam
(пара) gas; steam; barely visible or cloudy diffused matter, such as mist or smoke

variable: Read
n. Syn. factor
(переменная) factor; something that is likely to vary; changeable; inconstant

variance: Read
n.
(дисперсии) an event that departs from expectations; the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from its mean value

variant: Read
a.
(вариант) varying in from, character, or the like; variable; different; diverse.

variation: Read
n. Syn. change; selection; deviation
(вариант) act of changing or altering

varied: Read
a. Syn. differed; diversified; various
(разнообразные) differed; diversified; various

variety: Read
n. Syn. diversity; assortment; selection
(различные) diversity; quality or condition of being various or varied

various: Read
a. Syn. diverse; assorted; different
(различных) different; diverse; several; manifold; changeable; uncertain

varnish: Read
n.
(лак) deceptively attractive external appearance; paint to coat a surface with a hard, glossy, transparent film

vary: Read
v.
(меняться) change aspect of; alter in form, appearance, substance, position; make different by a partial change; modify

vast: Read
a. Syn. large; broad; extensive
(огромный) large; broad; extensive; very great in size, number, amount, or quantity

vault: Read
n.
(хранилище) arched brick or stone ceiling or roof; burial chamber usually underground

vegetable: Read
n.
(растительного) any of numerous herbaceous plants to eat in meal

vehicle: Read
n. Syn. automobile; instrument
(автомобиль) automobile; means of conveying; medium

veil: Read
n. Syn. cover; hide
(покрывало) a length of cloth worn by women over the head, shoulders, and often the face; cover; hide

vein: Read
n.
(вены) blood vessel that carries blood

velocity: Read
n. Syn. speed
(скорость) rapidity or speed of motion; swiftness

vengeance: Read
n. Syn. retribution; revenge
(месть) punishment inflicted in return for an injury or an offense; retribution

ventilate: Read
v. Syn. freshen; aerate
(вентиляции) freshen; circulate through and freshen

ventilation: Read
n.
(вентиляция) act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air

venture: Read
v. Syn. adventure
(предприятие) put at risk; adventure

verbal: Read
a. Syn. oral
(словесным) expressed in spoken rather than written words; consisting of words alone without action

verge: Read
n. Syn. border; edge
(грани) extreme edge or margin; border; enclosing boundary; space enclosed by such a boundary

verify: Read
v. Syn. confirm; prove
(проверить) confirm; prove the truth of by presentation of evidence or testimony

versatile: Read
a. Syn. flexible; pliable
(универсальные) having many talents; capable of working in many fields

verse: Read
n. Syn. poetry
(стихи) a piece of poetry

version: Read
n. Syn. edition
(версия) written work in a new form; edition; interpretation of a particular viewpoint

vertical: Read
a. Syn. upright; perpendicular
(вертикаль) upright in position or posture; oriented vertically

vessel: Read
n. Syn. craft; ship
(судно) craft; ship; container for liquids

veteran: Read
n.
(ветеран) someone who has given long service

veto: Read
n. Syn. rejection; prohibition
(вето) rejection; vote that blocks a decision; deny; prohibit; command against

vex: Read
v. Syn. annoy; distress
(досаждать) annoy; disturb, especially by minor irritations; be a mystery or bewildering to

via: Read
ad.
(через) by the way of

vibrate: Read
v.
(вибрировать) shake, quiver; move or swing from side to side regularly

vibration: Read
n. Syn. oscillation; shaking
(вибрации) act of vibrating; a shaky motion

vice: Read
n. Syn. defect; fault; error
(Вице) moral fault or failing; evil, degrading, or immoral practice or habit; physical defect or weakness

vicinity: Read
n.
(окрестности) state of being near in space or relationship; proximity

vicious: Read
a. Syn. defective; imperfect
(порочный) by vice or defects; defective; imperfect; having the nature of vice; evil, immoral, or depraved

victorious: Read
a. Syn. successful; triumphant
(победы) successful; being the winner in a contest or struggle

victory: Read
n.
(победа) successful ending of struggle or contest; defeat of an enemy or opponent

vigor: Read
n. Syn. strength; energy
(силой) active strength of body or mind; imaginative lively style, especially style of writing; exertion of force

vigorous: Read
a. Syn. robust; strong; energetic
(энергичного) robust; strong; energetic, and active in mind or body

vine: Read
n.
(Вайн) weak-stemmed plant that derives support from climbing

violate: Read
v.
(нарушает) treat in a violent manner; abuse; do violence to; disturb; interrupt

violence: Read
n. Syn. force
(насилие) physical force exerted for the purpose of violating, damaging, or abusing

violent: Read
a. Syn. turbulent
(насильственной) turbulent; intensely vivid or loud; by violence or bloodshed

violin: Read
n.
(скрипка) small instrument with four strings, played with a bow; a fiddle

virtual: Read
a.
(виртуальный) existing or resulting in essence or effect though not in actual fact; existing in mind, especially as a product of imagination

virtually: Read
ad. Syn. almost completely; practically; essentially
(практически) almost completely; practically; essentially

virtue: Read
n. Syn. merit; goodness
(силу) goodness, moral excellence; good quality

virus: Read
n.
(Вирус) disease communicator; something that poisons one's soul or mind; program for unwanted actions in computer

viscous: Read
a. Syn. sticky; gluey
(вязкой) sticky; gluey; having high resistance to flow

visible: Read
a.
(видимых) being often in public eye; obvious to the eye

vision: Read
n. Syn. sight
(очки) ability to see; sight; vivid mental image

visual: Read
a. Syn. visible; optical
(визуального) seen or able to be seen by the eye; visible; optical

vital: Read
a. Syn. critical; animated
(жизненно) full of life; animated; necessary to continued existence; living or breathing

vivid: Read
a. Syn. bright; lively
(яркие) bright; lively; graphic; having striking color

vocation: Read
n. Syn. career; profession
(призвание) career; profession

vogue: Read
n.
(мода) popular fashion; current state or style of general acceptance and use

void: Read
n. Syn. emptiness; space
(недействительными) emptiness; containing nothing; clear or empty a place

volcano: Read
n.
(вулкан) fissure in the earth's crust through which molten lava and gases erupt

volley: Read
n.
(волейбол) flight of missiles; round of gunshots; tennis return made by hitting the ball before it bounces

voltage: Read
n.
(напряжение) difference in electrical charge between two points

volume: Read
n. Syn. capacity; bulk; amount
(объем) capacity; amount of space occupied by an object

voluntary: Read
a. Syn. willing; unforced
(добровольного) done or undertaken of one's own free will; unforced

volunteer: Read
n.
(добровольцев) person who performs or offers to perform a service voluntarily

vote: Read
n.
(голосования) formal expression of preference for a candidate; number of cast in election; result of election or referendum

voter: Read
n.
(избирателей) a citizen who has a legal right to vote

voucher: Read
n.
(ваучер) a piece of substantiating evidence; proof; written authorization or certificate

vow: Read
n. Syn. promise
(обет) solemn promise made to God; promise of fidelity; pledge of love or affection

vowel: Read
n.
(гласных) speech sound made with the vocal tract open

voyage: Read
n. Syn. journey; aviation
(плавание) long journey to a foreign or distant place, especially by sea; aviation

vulgar: Read
a.
(вульгарным) common and coarse; relating to the common people with less cultivated or educated; lacking cultivation or refinement

vulnerable: Read
a. Syn. defenseless; susceptible
(уязвимых) susceptible to wounds; capable of being wounded or hurt

wade: Read
v. Syn. paddle
(Уэйд) paddle; walk through relatively shallow water

wag: Read
v.
(шутник) move one way and the other with quick turns; shake to and fro; move in vibrating; cause to vibrate

wage: Read
v.
(заработной платы) hazard on the event of a contest; stake; engage in, as a contest; adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; hire; employ

wagon: Read
n.
(универсал) any of various kinds of wheeled vehicles drawn by a horse or tractor

waist: Read
n.
(талии) narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips

waive: Read
v. Syn. yield; relinquish
(отказаться) give up temporarily; yield; give up voluntarily; defer

wake: Read
n. Syn. track; course
(Звонок) trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before

walnut: Read
n.
(орех) tree with 10 - 40 meters tall; hard, dark brown wood of any of these trees

wander: Read
v.
(бродить) move about without a definite destination or purpose; range about; stroll; go away; depart

ward: Read
n.
(палате) guard; defender; protector; state under guard; division of a county; division of a hospital

wardrobe: Read
n.
(гардероб) tall cabinet, closet, or small room built to hold clothes

ware: Read
n.
(изделия) articles of merchandise; style or class of manufactures; especially, in the plural, goods; commodities; merchandise

warehouse: Read
n. Syn. depot; storehouse
(склад) depot; storehouse for goods and merchandise

warfare: Read
n.
(война) military service; military life; contest carried on by enemies

warrant: Read
n. Syn. guarantee
(ордер) guarantee; assurance by seller; authorization or certification

warrior: Read
n. Syn. fighter; combatant
(Воин) fighter; combatant; one who is engaged in or experienced in battle

waterproof: Read
a. Syn. tight
(водонепроницаемый) tight; unaffected by water; made of or covered with material that doesn't allow water in

waver: Read
v.
(колебаться) play or move to and fro; move one way and the other; swing; be unsettled in opinion

wax: Read
v. Syn. increase; grow
(воск) increase gradually in size, number, strength, or intensity; show a progressively larger illuminated area

weapon: Read
n. Syn. arms
(оружие) arms

weary: Read
a. Syn. tired; exhausted; fatigued
(усталые) tired; exhausted; physically or mentally fatigued

weather: Read
v.
(погода) endure the effects of weather or other forces; come through safely; survive

weave: Read
n. Syn. swing
(переплетения) pattern or structure by weaving ; knit; interlace

weaver: Read
n.
(ткач) craftsman who weaves cloth

web: Read
n.
(Сети) textile fabric; complex, interconnected structure or arrangement; the World Wide Web; radio or television network

wedding: Read
n.
(свадьба) marriage ceremony; act of marrying; anniversary of a marriage

wedge: Read
n.
(клин) a piece of metal, or other hard material, thick at one end, and tapering to a thin edge at the other, used in splitting wood, rocks

weed: Read
n.
(сорняков) undesirable or troublesome plant, especially growing where it is not wanted as in a garden.

weld: Read
v.
(сварки) unite closely or intimately; join together by heating

welfare: Read
n. Syn. benefit
(благосостояния) benefit; something that aids health or happiness

whereas: Read
ad.
(а) while on the contrary; while at the same time

whereby: Read
ad.
(которых) by which; by what; how

whilst: Read
ad.
(а) while; at the same time

whip: Read
v.
(кнут) overlay with other cords going round and round it; take or move by a sudden motion; clean completely

whirl: Read
n.
(кружиться) act of rotating or revolving rapidly; state of confusion; tumult

whisper: Read
n.
(шепотом) speaking in a quiet voice; soft speech produced without full voice; secretly expressed belief, rumor, or hint

whistle: Read
v.
(свисток) make a kind of musical sound by lips; emit a similar sound from mouth as birds

wholesale: Read
a.
(Оптовая продажа) selling or related to selling goods in large quantities; large-scale; on a large scale without careful discrimination

wholesaler: Read
n.
(оптовая продажа) someone who buys large quantities of goods and resells to merchants

wholesome: Read
a. Syn. healthful; beneficial
(полезное) conducive to sound health or well-being; beneficial

wicked: Read
a. Syn. sinful; immoral; profligate
(злой) evil in principle or practice; contrary to moral or divine law; addicted to vice or sin

widespread: Read
a.
(широко) spread or scattered over a considerable extent; occurring or accepted widely

width: Read
n.
(ширина) measurement of the extent of something from side to side

wield: Read
v. Syn. rule; manage; handle
(обладают) handle with skill; exercise effectively; have power over; rule or manage

wilderness: Read
n.
(пустыня) a tract of land or region, uncultivated and uninhabited by human beings, whether a forest or a wide, barren plain; wild or desert

willow: Read
n.
(ивы) trees having usually narrow leaves

winding: Read
a.
(обмотки) twisting or turning; spiral

wisdom: Read
n. Syn. discretion; sagacity
(мудрость) quality of being wise; knowledge ; results of wise judgments

wit: Read
n. Syn. intellect; cleverness
(остроумие) intellect; mental ability; natural ability to perceive and understand

withdraw: Read
v. Syn. retreat; depart
(Выплата) remove from; pull back; break from gathering; retreat; depart

withdrawal: Read
n. Syn. secession
(вывод) secession; retreat or retirement

wither: Read
v. Syn. shrivel; decay
(вянут) shrivel; decay; lose freshness, vigor, or vitality; loss of moisture

withhold: Read
v. Syn. keep; restrain
(удерживать) refuse to give; refrain from giving, granting, or permitting; deduct from employee's salary

withstand: Read
v. Syn. oppose
(противостоять) stand up against; successfully resist; oppose with force or resolution

witness: Read
n. Syn. observe; watch
(свидетель) someone who sees an event and reports what happened; observe; watch

woe: Read
n. Syn. affliction; regret
(горе) deep, inconsolable grief; affliction; suffering; deep distress or misery, as from grief

woods: Read
n. Syn. forest; woodland
(лес) small forest; woodland; dense collection of trees covering a relatively small area

wool: Read
n.
(шерсти) dense, soft, often curly hair forming the coat of sheep and certain other mammals

wording: Read
n.
(формулировки) act or style of expressing in words; expression, or power of expression

worldwide: Read
a.
(По всему миру) global; universal; throughout the world

worst: Read
v. Syn. defeat
(худшие) be better than; defeat; gain the advantage over

worthwhile: Read
a.
(стоит) sufficiently valuable; important to be worth one's time, effort, or interest

wrap: Read
v. Syn. enclose
(обруч) enclose; arrange or fold as a cover or protection

wrath: Read
n. Syn. anger; fury
(гнев) forceful, often vindictive anger; fury; just punishment of an offense or crime

wreck: Read
n. Syn. destruction; ruins
(крушение) destruction; destroy; smash or break forcefully

wrench: Read
v. Syn. pull; strain; twist; jerk
(ключ) twist or turn suddenly and forcibly; move, extract, or force free by pulling violently

wrestle: Read
v.
(бороться) contend by grappling with, and striving to trip or throw down an opponent; struggle or strive earnestly

wretched: Read
a.
(несчастный) very miserable; sunk in, or accompanied by deep affliction or distress; calamitous; woeful; worthless

wring: Read
v. Syn. twist; squeeze
(свернуть) twist; squeeze; compress, especially so as to extract liquid

wrinkle: Read
n. Syn. furrow; crease
(морщин) a minor difficulty; a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface

wrist: Read
n.
(запястья) joint between the hand and the forearm

yacht: Read
n.
(яхта) light ship used for private pleasure trips

yard: Read
n.
(двор) rod; stick; branch; long piece of timber; measure of length, equaling three feet

yawn: Read
n.
(зевать) open the mouth wide with a deep inhalation, usually involuntarily from drowsiness, fatigue, or boredom

yearn: Read
v.
(стремятся) pain; grieve; vex; be pained or distressed; feel deep pity, sympathy, or tenderness

yeast: Read
n.
(дрожжей) foam, or troth, or the sediment, of beer or other in fermentation

yield: Read
v. Syn. surrender; concede
(доходность) give in; surrender; give forth a natural product; be productive

yoke: Read
v. Syn. join; bind
(иго) join together, unite; harness a draft animal to; join securely; force into heavy labor

yolk: Read
n.
(желток) nutritive material; greasy substance found in unprocessed sheep's wool; yellow part of an egg

zeal: Read
n. Syn. fever; ardor
(рвением) intense interest; eagerness to accomplish some object

zealous: Read
a. Syn. enthusiastic; fervent
(ревностный) enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zeal

zone: Read
n. Syn. region; district
(зона) region; portion of the surface of a sphere;

zoology: Read
n.
(зоологии) part of biology which relates to the animal kingdom