By Pacific Lava

MELAB Cloze Test Samples

1. Overview
At MELAB exam a section is called GCVR, namely Grammar, Cloze, Vocaulary, and Reading. For many test takers Cloze is a new word. What does it mean? How dose this sort of cloze questions look like? We will try to give a brief introduction about MELAB Cloze as well as some question samples here.

Cloze is mainly designed to test reading ability. Test takers will read a paragraph from which 20 words have been taken out. They should choose word from available options to fit each blank both in grammar and in meaning. The key trick for cloze test is to skim the whole passage quickly, and fill in blanks by the meaning of passage, not only sentence. In view of grammar, maybe multiple options are good to go, plus meaning of current sentence or even context, possibly two or more options still are right to select. In most cases, this right answer relies on your reading and understanding of the whole passage.

Cloze test isn't for checking your vocabulary level, the missing words usually aren't difficult or uncommon. For individual unknown word, you can guess by context. Of course, if there are too many words you don't know, guessing shouldn't work, you have to re-build your MELAB vocabulary.

2. Cloze Sample Questions
3 MELAB cloze sample questions are shown as following to help test takers to familiarize cloze format and evaluate own preparation.

Sample 1
For problems 31 to 50, choose the word that best fits each blank both in grammar and in meaning.

An American climatologist has found evidence that five major shifts in the climate of the northern hemisphere over the last 12,000 years may have led to profound culture changes. His conclusion are based on a 31__ of the records from some 470 32__ and the geological evidence for when 33__ changes occurred. Scientists have long known 34__ every few hundred years, earth's prevailing 35__ has undergone dramatic changes within a 36__ of only a few year. All 37__ because generally cooler or warmer; annual 38__ rises or falls significantly. Sea level 39__ or falls. The last such change 40__ place about 800 years ago. England 41__ Europe became cooler and more moist 42__ they had been for 300 years, 43__ in North America, the climate became 44__ and cooler. All over the northern 45__ the climates changed. The reason is 46__ to have been a massive, global 47__ in the wind patterns of the 48__ atmosphere. Major climatic conditions are governed 49__ winds which, every few centuries, 50__ their direction. Nobody knows for sure why this happened.

31.
  • a. statistic
  • b. result
  • c. comparison
  • d. data
32.
  • a. evidence
  • b. data
  • c. scientific
  • d. cultures
33.
  • a. change
  • b. climatic
  • c. this
  • d. do
34.
  • a. that
  • b. changes
  • c. in
  • d. it
35.
  • a. climate
  • b. which
  • c. variation
  • d. change
36.
  • a. pattern
  • b. notice
  • c. period
  • d. lot
37.
  • a. shifts
  • b. changes
  • c. seasons
  • d. earth
38.
  • a. weather
  • b. sun
  • c. rainfall
  • d. crop
39.
  • a. increase
  • b. high
  • c. ups
  • d. rises
40.
  • a. took
  • b. takes
  • c. in
  • d. was
41.
  • a. and
  • b. in
  • c. not
  • d. but
42.
  • a. than
  • b. climate
  • c. how
  • d. as
43.
  • a. Canada
  • b. while
  • c. somewhere
  • d. even
44.
  • a. drier
  • b. warmer
  • c. humidity
  • d. less
45.
  • a. have
  • b. did
  • c. hemisphere
  • d. all
46.
  • a. that
  • b. going
  • c. due
  • d. believed
47.
  • a. rotates
  • b. climate
  • c. air
  • d. shift
48.
  • a. above
  • b. climate
  • c. upper
  • d. windy
49.
  • a. mostly
  • b. by
  • c. in
  • d. for
50.
  • a. change
  • b. especially
  • c. turn
  • d. in
Answers:
  • 31:c
  • 32:d
  • 33:b
  • 34:a
  • 35:a
  • 36:c
  • 37:c
  • 38:c
  • 39:d
  • 40:a
  • 41:a
  • 42:a
  • 43:b
  • 44:a
  • 45:c
  • 46:d
  • 47:d
  • 48:c
  • 49:b
  • 50:a
Sample 2
For problems 31 to 50, choose the word that best fits each blank both in grammar and in meaning.

Drugs, despite their seemingly magical contributions to human health and comfort, have always been a mixed blessing. They have a capacity for great 31__ as well as great benefit: they 32__ be formulated and used carefully 33__ knowledgeably. Modern pharmaceutical scientists stress the need 34__ unremitting research to take the magic - and 35__ the uncertainly - out of the action 36__ drugs. One of their major 37__ is how to formulate a drug 38__ that it will work at the 39__ speed at the proper site in 40__ body without harming the patient in 41__ way.

Several researchers at the University of Michigan have been working on this 42__ , and closely related questions, for several 43__ and within the framework of a 44__ of long term projects. Their basic 45__ is to find the best dosage 46__ any given drug and to be 47__ to predict its activity so precisely 48__ the proper regimen can be prescribed 49__ achieve optional positive and 50__ negative effects. In this way, the accumulated knowledge of the pharmaceutical scientist serves as a tool for the physician.

31.
  • a. loss
  • b. care
  • c. advantage
  • d. harm
32.
  • a. could
  • b. must
  • c. would
  • d. used
33.
  • a. and
  • b. with
  • c. also
  • d. very
34.
  • a. to
  • b. and
  • c. for
  • d. in
35.
  • a. harm
  • b. use
  • c. thus
  • d. not
36.
  • a. of
  • b. from
  • c. toward
  • d. any
37.
  • a. discoveries
  • b. abilities
  • c. concerns
  • d. actions
38.
  • a. beneficial
  • b. besides
  • c. composition
  • d. so
39.
  • a. most
  • b. rate
  • c. high
  • d. best
40.
  • a. the
  • b. human
  • c. sick
  • d. patient
41.
  • a. other
  • b. wrong
  • c. several
  • d. any
42.
  • a. problem
  • b. respect
  • c. field
  • d. theory
43.
  • a. times
  • b. years
  • c. fields
  • d. without
44.
  • a. success
  • b. work
  • c. variety
  • d. problem
45.
  • a. foundation
  • b. goal
  • c. item
  • d. look
46.
  • a. to
  • b. for
  • c. than
  • d. against
47.
  • a. used
  • b. tested
  • c. made
  • d. able
48.
  • a. that
  • b. as
  • c. why
  • d. and
49.
  • a. as
  • b. to
  • c. that
  • d. for
50.
  • a. positive
  • b. optional
  • c. also
  • d. minimal


Answers:
  • 31:d
  • 32:b
  • 33:a
  • 34:c
  • 35:c
  • 36:a
  • 37:c
  • 38:d
  • 39:d
  • 40:a
  • 41:d
  • 42:a
  • 43:b
  • 44:c
  • 45:b
  • 46:b
  • 47:d
  • 48:a
  • 49:b
  • 50:d


Sample 3
For problems 1 to 10, choose the word that best fits each blank both in grammar and in meaning.

One of California’s greatest natural treasures is its coastal redwood forests, located between the state’s central coast and northern border.

These redwoods, which are the world’s tallest trees, have many unique features. For example, researchers have 1__ self-contained ecosystems of plant and animal life living on large branches 2__ in cavities in the forest canopy hundreds of feet 3__ the ground. These canopy ecosystems have their own unique soil 4__ of nutrient-rich decomposed organic matter from falling leaves and branches. This soil supports the growth 5__ mosses, ferns, worms, and other 6__ that may spend their entire lives there.

Fewer trees in today’s redwood forests support these ecosystems because clear-cutting, a timber-harvesting 7__ in which all trees in one area are cut down at 8__, eliminates this canopy ecosystem. 9__ of the trees in second growth forests are of the same young age; these trees can’t support a canopy ecosystem because they 10__ the cavities and strong branches that exist in old trees. Fortunately, a growing number of people in the timber industry support the idea of allowing trees to grow older and taller.

1.
  • a. shown
  • b. concluded
  • c. placed
  • d. discovered
2.
  • a. both
  • b. also
  • c. and
  • d. either
3
  • a. to
  • b. past
  • c. around
  • d. above
4.
  • a. drawn out
  • b. made up
  • c. picked out
  • d. taken off
5.
  • a. after
  • b. of
  • c. inside
  • d. since
6.
  • a. species
  • b. ecosystems
  • c. trees
  • d. features
7.
  • a. attempt
  • b. method
  • c. purpose
  • d. organization
8.
  • a. length
  • b. last
  • c. all
  • d. once
9.
  • a. Few
  • b. Little
  • c. Most
  • d. Least
10.
  • a. lack
  • b. contain
  • c. form
  • d. want
Answers:
  • 1. D
  • 2. C
  • 3. D
  • 4. B
  • 5. B
  • 6. A
  • 7. B
  • 8. D
  • 9. C
  • 10. A
(Some samples are from their party materials, like "A student's Guide to the MELAB" of Mary C. Spaan. Any comments please let us know.)