7th Grade Cards: Social

Words for students of 7th Grade, the page is for social words (List 1), which are essential vocabulary for 7th Grade academic classes.
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 7th Grade Cards: Social (click the card to toggle it.)
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acid rain
rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions, especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides
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adaptation
modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits
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arable land
land that can be used for growing crops
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biome
a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate
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climatic
of or relating to a climate, or meteorological conditions
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continental drift
the gradual movement and formation of continents (as described by plate tectonics)
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cultural fusion
the mixture of two or more cultures of different races
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density
thickness; quantity of something per unit measure, especially per unit length, area, or volume
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desertification
the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert; is usually caused by climate change or by destructive use of the land
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developed nations
a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less developed nations
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developing nations
a nation with a low living standard, underdeveloped industrial base
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distribution of resources
the distribution of resources, including land, water, minerals, fuel and wealth in general among corresponding geographic entities
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drought
dry period; aridity; long period of abnormally low rainfall
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earthquake
quake from underground; disturbance that is extremely disruptive; temblor
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ecosystem
system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
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elevation
altitude; height; distance of something above a reference point
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emigrant
someone who leaves one country to settle in another
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ethnic heritage
a socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on a shared social experience or ancestry
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famine
shortage of food; starvation
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flood
a large flow; the rising of a body of water and its overflowing onto normally dry land
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fossil fuel
fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
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GIS
geographic information system, a computer system used for storage, retrieval, mapping, and analysis of geographic data
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global warming
an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere, especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes
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human
relating to a person; characteristic of humanity
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hurricane
big storm; severe tropical cyclone
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map projection
a projection of the globe onto a flat map using a grid of lines of latitude and longitude
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modification
act of modifying, or state of being modified; modified form or condition; a change
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pattern
a model considered worthy of imitation; something regarded as a normative example
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perspective
appearance of things; view, outlook, or vista
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plate tectonics
the branch of geology studying the folding and faulting of the earth's crust
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policy
settled method of government to administer; system of public or official administration
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prevailing winds
the predominant wind direction
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processes
a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant; a mental process that you are not directly aware of
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regional
related or limited to a particular region
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tectonic plate
a scientific theory that describes the large-scale motions of Earth's lithosphere, the model builds on the concepts of continental drift, developed during the first few decades of the 20th century
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tornado
cyclone; localized and violently destructive windstorm
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tsunami
a cataclysm resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption
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typhoon
tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacific; violent whirlwind
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urban sprawl
an aggregation or continuous network of urban communities
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urbanization
social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban
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volcano
fissure in the earth's crust through which molten lava and gases erupt
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weather phenomena
phenomenon in a weather event that can be explained by the principles of meteorology