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ECPE Oral Exam Words (1)

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Word and Definition List
abnormal   Speak
(反常的,异常的,变态的) unusual; not typical; not normal
E.g. Fujitsu, Toshiba, HP and Lenovo all insist that their designs are sufficiently different to Dell and Apple, that there is no abnormal risk of fire.
abort   Speak
(中止计划(任务)) stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
E.g. However, most women say that the decision to abort is a difficult one.
abstract   Speak
(抽象的) theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
E.g. To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he had never missed a meal.
accompany   Speak
(陪伴,伴随,伴奏) travel with; be associated with
E.g. But the night being wet and inclement, Mr. Rochester did not accompany them.
acid   Speak
(酸) sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
E.g. There is a barrage of acid comments in today's newspapers.
adequate   Speak
(足够的,充实的) sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
E.g. England missed key players through injury, lacked adequate preparation and was unable to match Australia's skill.
advocate   Speak
(辩护,推广) speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
E.g. The some doctors advocate a smoking ban in the entire house.
alone   Speak
(单独的) solitary; by oneself
E.g. Alice cried with a sudden burst of tears, 'I do wish they WOULD put their heads down! I am so VERY tired of being all alone here!'
analogy   Speak
(类比,相似) similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity
E.g. This analogy is almost always noted without further comment, although in fact it may be taken further.
anthem   Speak
(圣歌,赞美诗) song of praise or patriotism; song of devotion or loyalty
E.g. Let us now all join in singing the national anthem.
anthropology   Speak
(人类学) social science that studies origins and social relationships of human beings
E.g. The strength of anthropology is its diversity of approach and perspective, unified by a common theme: the study of human variation and adaptability.
anticipation   Speak
(期望,预料) something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence
E.g. Please hold your breath in anticipation of that event.
appointment   Speak
(指定,约会) act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
E.g. Mr. Straw’s appointment as Foreign Secretary has triggered speculation in London about the Prime Minister’s motives for the change.
approval   Speak
(赞成,正式批准) official approbation; endorsement; act of approving
E.g. First, Ehrlich knows it would be extremely unlikely to win approval from the Democratic-dominated General Assembly.
aquarium   Speak
(水族馆) tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals
E.g. This is the world's largest aquarium with 8 million gallons of fresh and marine water and more than 100000 animals representing 500 species from around the globe.
architect   Speak
(建筑师) one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures
E.g. Simon Conder, a British architect, is responsible for this beautiful conversion of a group of farm.
assume   Speak
(假定,设想) suppose; presume; take on; bear
E.g. He looked at me long and hard: I turned my eyes from him, fixed them on the fire, and tried to assume and maintain a quiet.
assumption   Speak
(假定,设想,采取) something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of
E.g. The young princess made the foolish assumption that the regent would not object to power.
assure   Speak
(确保,向…保证,使确信) solidify; guarantee; convince
E.g. I know it, and I don't wish to palliate them, I assure you.
athlete   Speak
(运动员) sports man; one who contended for prize in public games
E.g. Our goal is to help the athlete get the best performance.
attempt   Speak
(尝试) action of trying at something
E.g. I also want to claim that this attempt is a romantic one.
audience   Speak
(观众) a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
E.g. You should have a clear idea about who your audience is and how you can exploit your product to them through the correct platform.
avoid   Speak
(躲避,规避) shield away from; prevent
E.g. If you are the press secretary to the President of the United States, the main thing to avoid is becoming the story yourself.
bachelor   Speak
(学士(学位),单身汉) unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges
E.g. A soon-to-be-married man's friends throw him the ultimate bachelor party.
bark   Speak
(树皮,狗叫) sound made by a dog; harsh sound uttered by a dog
E.g. She set off at once, and ran till she was quite tired and out of breath, and till the puppy's bark sounded quite faint in the distance.
barrel   Speak
(桶) vessel; large cylindrical container
E.g. With the oil price soaring above thirty dollars a barrel and the pumps going nearly at full capacity, Gulf Arab coffers are overflowing with unforeseen wealth.
bear   Speak
(负担,支撑) support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support
E.g. They studied the ways in which the relativity theory can bear on the history of science.
beat   Speak
(打击,敲击,打败) whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly
E.g. Speak roughly to your little boy; And beat him when he sneezes; He only does it to annoy; Because he knows it teases.
behalf   Speak
(代表) represent; advantage, benefit, interest of someone
E.g. And I'm going to work to assure that that voice that is heard on their behalf is a roar and not a whisper.
blink   Speak
(眨眼) shut eyes briefly; wink
E.g. The TV announcer never seems to blink.
blossom   Speak
(花蕾) reproductive organ of plants, especially one having showy or colorful parts
E.g. The locust-trees were in bloom and the fragrance of the blossom filled the air.
bound   Speak
(范围,限制) tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump
E.g. Supreme Court ended a term bound to affect our lives in significant ways in the months ahead.
bud   Speak
(芽,蓓蕾) one that is not yet fully developed; sprout
E.g. The first thing to be thought of is to pluck the disease in its bud, which is best done by injections.
bulb   Speak
(球茎,球状物) rounded part of a cylindrical structure; electric lamp consisting of a glass ball
E.g. The light bulb hasn't changed a whole lot in its 120 years -- the original design was just that good.
cabin   Speak
(小屋(通常为木制的),船舱) small room on a ship or boat where people sleep
E.g. British Airways says passengers reported a slight smell of petrol in the cabin of BA flight 003 bound for New York.
cancel   Speak
(取消) revoke; call off; omit or delete
E.g. The meeting in Addis Ababa has heard Chinese promises to cancel debts and increase Chinese investments in Africa.
cater   Speak
supply what is needed or desired; provide food professionally for special occasion
E.g. The chef was happy to cater to the tastes of his highly sophisticated clientele.
cease   Speak
(停止,终止) stop; terminate; put an end to; discontinue
E.g. We must not only cease from the acts of sin, but we must get the vicious habits and inclinations weakened and destroyed.
chat   Speak
(闲谈) talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation
E.g. Inviting others into the chat is as simple as sending them a human-readable URL, and nobody has to sign up or answer an invitation email.
check   Speak
(控制,阻止) stop motion; curb or restrain
E.g. "Young man," she said, "you'd better check your temper.".
checkup   Speak
(审查,身体检查) thorough physical examination
E.g. Answer the following questions and we'll provide you with a personalized checkup checklist that you can take to your doctor.
circumstance   Speak
(环境,情况) situation; condition; detail accompanying or surrounding an event
E.g. Her heart is broken, but then a change in circumstance forces them to be together every day.
clause   Speak
(分句,条款) sentence; phrase; distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document
E.g. Congress insisted on an exclusion clause for seventeen-year-olds.
cling   Speak
(粘紧,附着) hold fast or adhere to something; stick together and resist separation; remain emotionally
E.g. Boys cling to the rope to keep from falling.
clip   Speak
(小夹子,回形针,弹夹,选录,摘录) small section of filmed or filed material
E.g. Phil's job at Fox Sports involved selecting the most important clip of the day's sporting highlights for later broadcast.
coach   Speak
(教练) tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers
E.g. When the players and coach arrive back later today they'll be greeted as national heroes in the stadium where the first modern Olympics were held.
coincidence   Speak
(巧合) two or more things occurring at the same time by chance
E.g. Was it just a coincidence that John and she had chanced to meet at the market, or was he deliberately trying to seek her out?
committee   Speak
(委员会) special group delegated to consider some matter
E.g. He was director of the central bank's monetary policy committee which sets Brazil's interest rates.
community   Speak
(社区,社会) society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government
E.g. Where governments manage public life, human freedom in community is compromised.
compensation   Speak
(补偿的钱或物) something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injury
E.g. There are an estimated 86000 survivors around the world and almost half of them could be eligible for payments from the compensation fund.
competition   Speak
(竞争,竞赛) struggle; rivalry; act of competing as for profit or a prize
E.g. There she's against tough competition such as Meryl Streep but this award will give her extra momentum towards what's undoubtedly the bigger prize in movies.
comprehensive   Speak
(全面的) thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope
E.g. Mr. Skubel has since completed what he describes as a comprehensive two-week training program and is now setting up his franchise in his hometown.
concept   Speak
(概念,观念) something formed in the mind; thought or notion
E.g. The local chain concept is simple: identify your customer, cater to their tastes and once successful, expand within a neighborhood.
condition   Speak
(条件,状况,健康状况) mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstances
E.g. The Organization Man survives as a modern classic because it captures a permanent part of our social condition.
confirm   Speak
(证实) support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify
E.g. In the aftermath of Saturday's mass poisoning, the authorities imposed a virtual news blackout, refusing even to confirm how many people had died.
conservative   Speak
(保守的,谨慎的,守旧的) favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose change
E.g. It's still far from clear whether he can persuade his more conservative colleagues in the regime to support the process.
considerate   Speak
(考虑周到的,体贴的) thoughtful; marked by consideration or reflection; deliberate
E.g. I thanked her for her considerate choice, and as I really felt fatigued with my long journey, expressed my readiness to retire.
consult   Speak
(咨询,请教) seek advice or information of; take into account; consider
E.g. I will consult with our friends, but it's going to be what's in the interests of our country first and foremost.
content   Speak
(内容,容量) volume; something contained; material, including text and images
E.g. The brain is hungry not for method but for content, especially the latter which contains generalizations that are powerful, precise, and explicit.
convenience   Speak
(便利,方便) state of being suitable
E.g. The popularity of convenience foods means that many people no longer eat enough fresh produce.
convention   Speak
(习俗,惯例) social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states
E.g. Moreover, following this convention is our friend's normal behavior when in such a mood.
cooperate   Speak
(合作) work or act together toward a common end or purpose
E.g. The best way to get Pakistan to cooperate is to find the reasons why it is so keen to retain influence in Afghanistan and try to meet its concerns.
craft   Speak
(手艺,容器) something made by people; vessel
E.g. Space craft is a vessel to travel out air.
crash   Speak
(碰撞,坠毁,撞碎) smash; collision; falling down or in pieces with a loud noise of breaking parts
E.g. She heard a little shriek and a fall, and a crash of broken glass.
critical   Speak
(评论的,批评的) urgently needed; absolutely necessary; essential; acute; crucial; decisive
E.g. He says the international community has reached what he calls a critical time in the overall effort to bring stability to Afghanistan.
crush   Speak
(压垮,粉碎,使变形) press between opposing bodies so as to break or injure; extract or obtain by pressing or squeezing
E.g. There's particular concern over reports of human rights abuses, committed by the Indonesian security forces in Aceh as they try to crush the separatist movement there.
cube   Speak
(立方体,立方) three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; cubicle, used for work or study
E.g. Luckily, my cube is in the corner so no one noticed!
current   Speak
((液体,气体)流,趋势) stream; flow; up-to-date; present
E.g. The current was so swift, and then I got into the dead water and landed on the side towards the Illinois shore.
cushion   Speak
(垫子,软垫) soft pillow or pad usually used for sitting, reclining, or kneeling
E.g. I knelt down by him; I turned his face from the cushion to me; I kissed his cheek; I smoothed his hair with my hand.
custom   Speak
(习惯,传统,惯例) tradition; practice followed by people of a particular group or region
E.g. John had a book in his hand - it was his unsocial custom to read at meals - he closed it, and looked up.
dart   Speak
(飞奔,投掷) move suddenly and rapidly
E.g. Your eyes take them in, then dart away to something else.
dawn   Speak
(黎明,开端,开始) time each morning at which daylight first begins; beginning; start
E.g. When I again unclosed my eyes, a loud bell was ringing; day had not yet begun to dawn, and a rush light or two burned in the room.
debris   Speak
(碎片,残骸) remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up
E.g. A full year after the earthquake in Mexico City, they were still carting away the debris.
decent   Speak
(适当的,可接受的) suitable; modest.; honorable; meeting accepted standards
E.g. I wandered the theatre – an old one from the thirties - kept in decent repair by those that love movies.
declare   Speak
(宣布,声明) state clearly; make known formally or officially
E.g. A distinct and near voice said, "The marriage cannot go on: I declare the existence of an impediment."
deficiency   Speak
(缺乏,不足) scarcity; lack or shortage, especially of something essential to health
E.g. It has been demonstrated that a blood protein deficiency is the cause of this inherited illness.
demonstrate   Speak
(演示,论证) show clearly and deliberately; manifest; confirm; prove
E.g. After a series of drug scandals, this was Major League Baseball's chance to demonstrate its determination to crack down on the cheats.
dense   Speak
(密集的,浓厚的) thick; crowded closely together; compact
E.g. It's mountainous country, just a few kilometers from the border with Serbia; dense woodland surrounds the site.
depart   Speak
(离开,出发) take off; leave; set out
E.g. I too have some to see and ask after in England, before I depart for ever.
deposit   Speak
(堆积,沉淀) money given as a guarantee or security
E.g. In the meantime, she could keep the $400,000 in a secure investment such as a term deposit or money market fund.
desirable   Speak
(令人向往的,令人满意的) worthwhile; worth doing or achieving; advisable
E.g. A number of other factors coincide to make a June election desirable for the government.
destination   Speak
(目的地) ultimate goal; place to which one is going or directed
E.g. It's an ageing coaster and reportedly in poor condition, but even so, it should have got back to Benin - its declared destination - by now.
device   Speak
(器械,装置) technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks
E.g. Anti-gravity device could change air travel.
dim   Speak
(暗淡的,模糊的) emitting only a small amount of light; lacking in brightness
E.g. Night vision declines as well; therefore, trying to read labels in dim lighting may lead to errors.
diplomatic   Speak
(外交的,老练的) relating to diplomacy; marked by tact and sensitivity in dealing with others
E.g. Well, the secretary of state's trip to Canada is putting a brand new spin on the term diplomatic relations.
discipline   Speak
(纪律,训练) trait of being well behaved ; act of punishing ; system of rules of conduct or method of practice
E.g. Here in the heart of conservative Texas, young criminals, murderers are forced to confront military style discipline.
disgust   Speak
(厌恶,恶心,憎恶) strong feelings of dislike; offend the taste or moral sense of
E.g. “I was surprised," said Stillman, who yelled in disgust from the penalty box.
dismiss   Speak
(拒绝,排除) stop considering; end employment or service of; discharge; refuse to accept or recognize
E.g. Believing in John's love for her, she can dismiss the notion that he might be unfaithful.
disrupt   Speak
(使分裂,使陷于混乱,破坏) upset; throw into confusion or disorder
E.g. There's been some suggestion the cyclone could disrupt oil tanker traffic in the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow waterway between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.
disturb   Speak
(打扰,扰乱) upset; bother; trouble emotionally or mentally; put out of order; disarrange
E.g. He has vowed to challenge government warnings not to disturb the country's stability and continue his political work.
dot   Speak
(点,小圆点,星罗棋布于) the shorter of two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; very small circular shape
E.g. Financial markets haven't seen anything like this since the dot com boom of the late 1990s, which was followed by an equally dramatic crash.
draft   Speak
(草图,草稿) rough outline; draw up an outline; sketch
E.g. Now governments are re-writing the EU's governing treaty and the draft version is considered by the EU's leaders in Brussels.
dramatic   Speak
(戏剧性的,引人注目的) striking; sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect
E.g. The technique could lead to a dramatic increase in the worldwide stocks of blood available for transfusion.
dreadful   Speak
(可怕的) very unpleasant; distasteful or shocking
E.g. 'No, no! The adventures first,' said the Gryphon in an impatient tone: 'explanations take such a dreadful time.'
dull   Speak
(钝的,感觉或理解迟钝的) lacking responsiveness or alertness; intellectually weak or obtuse
E.g. It seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on in the common way.
dump   Speak
(倾泻,倾倒) sell at artificially low prices; throw away as refuse
E.g. Critics argue they encourage Europe’s farmers to dump produce on world markets.
duplicate   Speak
(两重的,两倍的,完全相同的) one that corresponds exactly to another, especially an original; identical copy; facsimile
E.g. And now, sir, to reward you for the accurate guess, I will promise to paint you a careful and faithful duplicate of this picture.
emphasis   Speak
(强调,重点) special attention or effort directed toward something; stress
E.g. They also said that there was too much emphasis placed on protecting the liberty of individuals at the expense of broader social justice.
emphasize   Speak
(强调,着重) stress; underscore; utter or pronounce with a particular stress of voice
E.g. The only reason to note this is to emphasize that Indians were a special case created by the peculiar history of the United States.
enormous   Speak
(极大的,庞大的) very great in size, extent, number, or degrees; huge; massive
E.g. An enormous puppy was looking down at her with large round eyes, and feebly stretching out one paw, trying to touch her.
ensemble   Speak
(全体,歌舞团,套装) union of parts in a whole; a coordinated outfit or costume; a coordinated set of furniture
E.g. It's hard to tell what color the Second Lady's ensemble is due to the lighting, but we're calling it a deep purple.
equal   Speak
(相等的,同样的) having the same quantity, measure, or value as another; identical
E.g. By combining their weight, China and Russia are making it clear: they have a voice of equal importance to the United States.
eventually   Speak
(终于) ultimately; in the final result or issue; in the end
E.g. Some believe California's move will shame other states and eventually the federal government into action on the matter.
exchange   Speak
(兑换,交换) substitute; trade in; give in return for something received
E.g. It's demanding fuel oil and an end to sanctions in exchange for a nuclear freeze.
exhibit   Speak
(展现,展览,展品) show, make visible or apparent
E.g. The Metropolitan Museum plans to exhibit Goya's works this month.
expertise   Speak
(专业知识,技能) specialized knowledge; expert skill
E.g. Although she was knowledgeable in a number of fields, she was hired for her particular expertise in computer programming.
explosive   Speak
(爆炸的,易爆发的) tending or serving to sudden outburst; sudden and loud
E.g. Edmonton police found what they describe as explosive devices in the car and on one of the suspects.
facility   Speak
(设施,设备) service, space, and equipment provided for a particular purpose
E.g. Reports say that three police officers guarding an oil facility were killed but no hostages were taken.
feeble   Speak
(微弱的,衰弱的) lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail
E.g. General Anderson, who is in feeble health, has been superseded in command of the Federal forces in Kentucky by General Sherman.
filter   Speak
(过滤) strain; pass liquid or gas through device that blocks some matter by particular criterion
E.g. This filter is able to detect invalid clicks in real-time, with the goal of removing them before they ever show up in the AdWords console.
flare   Speak
(闪光,闪耀) sudden outburst of emotion; glare; shine; shine with sudden light
E.g. The night sky began to flare with the massive bombardment.
fleeting   Speak
(短暂的,飞逝的) transient; brief; temporary; passing quickly
E.g. Sometimes, for a fleeting moment, I thought I caught a glance, heard a tone, beheld a form, which announced the realization of my dream.
forge   Speak
(铸造,伪造) workplace where metal is worked by heating and hammering
E.g. All the metal parts will be made in their forge.
fraction   Speak
(小部分,少量) segment; fragment; a small proportion of
E.g. To add insult to injury, this whole island is a duty-free zone and cigarettes cost a fraction of the heavily-taxed tobacco in the rest of Norway.
fragrance   Speak
(香味,芳香) scent; aroma; distinctive odor that is pleasant
E.g. It was full of the fragrance of new bread and the warmth of a generous fire.
freight   Speak
(货物,货运) transport commercially as cargo; load with goods; goods carried by a large vehicle
E.g. Lots of closing of retail stores and factories only means more declines in freight demand.
fusion   Speak
(熔合,熔接) union; act of melting together by heat
E.g. True, the energy released in fusion is less than using He-3, but is magnitude cheaper and faster.
garbage   Speak
(垃圾,废物) trash; worthless or nonsensical matter; food wastes
E.g. So many better candidates and this garbage is what you picked?
gear   Speak
(齿轮,传动装置,排挡) toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction
E.g. We are getting word that the nose gear has been lowered, but the main one is not down.
global   Speak
(全球性的) worldwide; international; having the shape of a globe
E.g. President Putin has said that Russia has not yet decided whether to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, the treaty aimed at reducing global warming.
gossip   Speak
(社会新闻,小道传闻) rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions
E.g. Every Italian chat show, gossip column, and newspaper, is full of the speculation of where the Hollywood couple will marry.
grand   Speak
(宏大的,雄伟的) large and impressive in size, scope, or extent
E.g. Alice had no idea what Latitude was, or Longitude either, but thought they were nice grand words to say.
graphic   Speak
(图像的,图画的) represented by graph; described in vivid detail; clearly outlined
E.g. Read the story, then enlarge the title graphic to see what its about.
gravity   Speak
(重力,严重,庄严,严肃) seriousness; solemn and dignified feeling; natural force between two massive bodies
E.g. We could tell we were in serious trouble from the gravity of the principal's expression.
grim   Speak
(冷酷的,可怕的) unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding
E.g. Robert held her gaze for a long time, his expression grim and slightly troubled.