Group (1) - Words of the GroupNext  
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Vocabulary for PTE Speaking (1)

abandon: Read  lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

abstract: Read  theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand

academic: Read  related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education

access: Read  approach; entry; entrance

accommodation: Read  living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience

accompany: Read  travel with; be associated with

accumulation: Read  increase by natural growth or addition; concentration

accurate: Read  capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision

achieve: Read  gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill

acquisition: Read  act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

adaptation: Read  modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits

adequate: Read  sufficient; enough to meet a purpose

adjacent: Read  adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near

adjustment: Read  making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances

administration: Read  management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and duties

advocate: Read  speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something

affect: Read  have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

aggregate: Read  gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

aid: Read  person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant

albeit: Read  even though; although; notwithstanding

alter: Read  modify; cause to change; make different; convert

alternative: Read  one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice

ambiguous: Read  unclear or doubtful in meaning

amendment: Read  correction; revision

analogous: Read  comparable; similar or alike

analysis: Read  study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts

annual: Read  occurring or payable every year

apparent: Read  capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye

appendix: Read  something appended or added

appreciation: Read  recognition; taste; judgment or opinion, especially a favorable one

approach: Read  access; method

appropriate: Read  acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use

approximate: Read  approach; come near

arbitrary: Read  randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle

area: Read  plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range

assembly: Read  gathering; meeting; a group of persons gathered together for common reason

assessment: Read  act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payable

assistance: Read  activity of contributing to fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose

assume: Read  suppose; presume; take on; bear

assurance: Read  promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt

attached: Read  fastened together; joined by wall, especially by sharing a wall with another building; not freestanding

author: Read  beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer

authority: Read  jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government

available: Read  convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible

aware: Read  knowing; having knowledge or cognizance

behalf: Read  represent; advantage, benefit, interest of someone

benefit: Read  advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain

bias: Read  preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way

bond: Read  link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty

brief: Read  short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise

bulk: Read  majority; main part; volume; mass

capable: Read  having the ability required for a specific task

capacity: Read  mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate

challenge: Read  assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to

channel: Read  passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access

chapter: Read  division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society

chart: Read  graph; diagram; map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators

civil: Read  having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite

clarity: Read  clearness of thought or style; brightness; splendor

classical: Read  standard and authoritative rather than new or experimental; relating to the ancient Greeks and Romans, especially art, architecture, and literature

clause: Read  sentence; phrase; distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document

code: Read  body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words

coherence: Read  logical and orderly and consistent relation of parts; state of cohering or sticking together

coincide: Read  occur at the same time as; correspond

collapse: Read  breakdown; failure

commission: Read  fee for services; group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize

commitment: Read  pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

commodity: Read  goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.

communication: Read  activity of communicating; activity of conveying information

community: Read  society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government

compensation: Read  something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injury

complement: Read  complete; consummate; make perfect

complex: Read  complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures

component: Read  element; ingredient; abstract part of something

comprehensive: Read  thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope

comprise: Read  include; consist of; be composed of

concept: Read  something formed in the mind; thought or notion

concurrent: Read  simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time

conduct: Read  direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide

conference: Read  meeting for consultation or discussion; exchange of views

confirmed: Read  being firmly settled in habit; having been ratified; verified; fixed; established

conflict: Read  fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events

conformity: Read  similarity in form or character; agreement

consent: Read  agree in opinion or sentiment; be of the same mind; accord; concur; allow

considerable: Read  worthy of consideration; large in amount, extent, or degree

consistent: Read  being in agreement with itself; coherent; regular

constant: Read  invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent

constitutional: Read  of or relating to a constitution, or establishment form of government

construction: Read  act of constructing or building something

consumer: Read  people who buy goods or services

contact: Read  get in touch with; reach

contemporary: Read  modern; belonging to the same period of time

context: Read  circumstance

contract: Read  constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate

contradiction: Read  assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement or assertion; opposition, whether by argument or conduct

contrary: Read  relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose

contrast: Read  act of distinguishing by comparing differences

contribution: Read  act of contributing; payment exacted for special purpose; impost or levy

controversy: Read  contentious speech act; argument

convention: Read  social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states

conversely: Read  in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.

convinced: Read  certain, sure

cooperative: Read  done with or working with others

coordination: Read  regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation

core: Read  basic, center, or most important part; essence

corporate: Read  united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to corporation or incorporated body

corresponding: Read  accompanying

couple: Read  a male and female associated together; a pair who associate with one another

create: Read  make or cause to be or to become; invest with a new thing

credit: Read  arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; money available for a client to borrow

criteria: Read  standard, rule, or test on which a judgment or decision can be based

crucial: Read  of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

currency: Read  money; general acceptance or use

cycle: Read  periodically repeated sequence of events; long period of time; entire round in a circle or a spire

data: Read  collection of facts, observations, or other information related to a particular question or problem

debate: Read  discussion; dispute; discussion involving opposing points

decline: Read  change toward something smaller or lower ; gradual falling off from a better state

definite: Read  fixed; exact; having distinct limits

definition: Read  clarity of outline; concise explanation

demonstrate: Read  show clearly and deliberately; manifest; confirm; prove

denote: Read  indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

deny: Read  disagree with; refuse; declare untrue

depression: Read  recession; economic slump; concavity in a surface produced by pressing ; sadness; low spirits

design: Read  act of working out the form of something; creation of something in the mind; formulate a plan for

despite: Read  lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike; disdain, contemptuous feelings, hatred

device: Read  technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks

discretion: Read  knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress; trait of judging wisely and objectively

displacement: Read  act of removing from office or employment

display: Read  exhibit; present or hold up to view; show; demonstrate; give evidence of; manifest

distinction: Read  excellence or eminence; note or mark of difference

distribution: Read  act of distributing or spreading or apportioning

diversity: Read  point or respect in which things differ; difference

document: Read  provide written evidence; record in detail

domain: Read  field; territory over which rule or control is exercised; networked computers that share a common address

domestic: Read  house-hold; of or relating to the home ; within the country or home

dominant: Read  major; important; outweighing

draft: Read  rough outline; draw up an outline; sketch

dramatic: Read  striking; sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect

duration: Read  length of time something lasts

dynamic: Read  energetic; vigorously active

economic: Read  pertaining to economy; frugal; cheap

edition: Read  whole number of copies of a work printed and published; single copy; act of editing

eliminate: Read  eradicate; abolish; rule out

emphasis: Read  special attention or effort directed toward something; stress

empirical: Read  derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

enable: Read  supply with the means, knowledge, or opportunity; make able; make feasible or possible

energy: Read  exertion of force; capacity for work or vigorous activity; usable heat or power

enormous: Read  very great in size, extent, number, or degrees; huge; massive

ensure: Read  make sure or certain; insure; assure

environment: Read  surroundings; totality of surrounding conditions

equation: Read  making equal; equal division; equality; equilibrium

equipment: Read  apparatus

equivalent: Read  interchangeable; comparable; equal, as in value, force, or meaning

erosion: Read  corrosion; a gradual decline of something

estate: Read  extensive landed property; everything you own; all of your assets

estimate: Read  judge to be probable; form an opinion about; evaluate

ethnic: Read  relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage

eventually: Read  ultimately; in the final result or issue; in the end

evidence: Read  something which makes evident or manifest; any mode of proof

evolution: Read  development; progression

exceed: Read  go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree

exhibit: Read  show, make visible or apparent

expansion: Read  growth; extent or amount by which something has expanded

expert: Read  person with a high degree of skill in or knowledge of a certain subject

explicit: Read  precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exploitation: Read  unfair use of someone‚Äôs work giving little in return

export: Read  sell or transfer abroad

exposure: Read  risk, particularly of being exposed to disease; unmasking; act of laying something open

external: Read  exterior; outer; suitable for application to the outside

extract: Read  draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstacles