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Vocabulary for PTE Speaking (2)



facilitate: Read  help bring about; make less difficult

federal: Read  of or relating to central government; national

file: Read  line; proceed in line

final: Read  forming or occurring at the end; terminating; ultimate; conclusive

financial: Read  monetary; pertaining or relating to money matters

finite: Read  having a limit; limited in quantity, degree, or capacity; bounded

flexibility: Read  quality of being adaptable or variable

focus: Read  most important thing; a fixed reference point; center of interest or activity

format: Read  pattern; design; set into a specific pattern

formula: Read  plan; directions for making something; a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

forthcoming: Read  ready or about to appear; making appearance

foundation: Read  basis on which something is grounded

framework: Read  fundamental structure, as for a written work; skeleton

function: Read  act of executing or performing any duty; assigned duty or activity

fundamental: Read  relating to foundation or base; elementary; primary; essential

furthermore: Read  in addition; moreover; still further

gender: Read  sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture; category

generation: Read  all offspring at same stage from common ancestor; interval of time between the birth of parents and their offspring

global: Read  worldwide; international; having the shape of a globe

grade: Read  step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standing

guarantee: Read  pledge that something will happen or that something is true

hence: Read  from this place; from this time; from this reason; as an inference or deduction

hypothesis: Read  assumption; theory

identical: Read  duplicate; alike; being the exact same one

ideology: Read  study of origin and nature of ideas

image: Read  visual representation; representation of a person

immigration: Read  migration into a place; moving into a place

impact: Read  forceful consequence; strong effect; influencing strongly

implicit: Read  implied or understood though not directly expressed

incentive: Read  something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of reward

incidence: Read  rate of occurrence; particular occurrence

inclination: Read  preference; tendency; inclined surface; slope

income: Read  gain from labor, business, property, or capital

incompatible: Read  inharmonious; impossible to coexist; not easy to combine harmoniously

index: Read  anything which shows, indicates, manifests, or discloses; prologue indicating what follows; second digit

indicate: Read  point out; direct to a knowledge of

individual: Read  single person or thing; human regarded as a unique personality

inevitably: Read  unavoidably; in a manner that is impossible to avoid or prevent

infrastructure: Read  underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or system

inherent: Read  firmly established by nature or habit

initial: Read  early; preliminary; occurring at the beginning

injury: Read  any physical damage to body caused by violence or accident or fracture

innovation: Read  introduction of something new

insert: Read  input; enter; put or set into, between, or among

inspection: Read  formal or official examination

instance: Read  example that is cited to prove a contention or illustrate a point; case or occurrence

institute: Read  advance or set forth in court; association organized to promote art or science or education

integral: Read  essential or necessary for completeness; entire

integrity: Read  quality or condition of being whole or undivided; completeness

intelligence: Read  ability to comprehend; understand and profit from experience; intellect; power of cognition

interaction: Read  communication; a mutual or reciprocal action; interacting

intermediate: Read  middle; lying between two extremes

internal: Read  inside; interior; located within the limits or surface

interpretation: Read  explanation; performer's distinctive personal version of a song, dance, piece of music

interval: Read  pause; break; space between two objects, points, or units

intervention: Read  interference; interfering in some course of events

intrinsic: Read  relating to essential nature of a thing; inherent; built-in

investigation: Read  detailed inquiry or systematic examination; inquiry

isolated: Read  remote; secluded; placed or standing apart or alone

journal: Read  magazine; periodical; log; diary; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred

justification: Read  good or just reason; condition or fact of being justified

label: Read  paper affixed to anything by inscription; slip of ribbon, parchment; writing annexed by way of addition

labour: Read  effort expended on particular task; act of mother giving birth; time period during which mother gives birth

layer: Read  tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under another

lecture: Read  teaching by giving a discourse on some subject; speech that is open to the public

legal: Read  created by, permitted by law; according to the law of works

legislation: Read  lawmaking; the act of making or enacting laws ; law enacted by a legislative body

levy: Read  impose fine or tax; collect payment

liberal: Read  open-minded; tolerant; broad-mindedness; having political views favoring reform and progress

likewise: Read  similarly; as well; too

link: Read  be or become joined or united; connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces

location: Read  scene; site; place where something is or could be located

logic: Read  reasoned and reasonable judgment; a system of reasoning

maintenance: Read  preservation; support; continuance; court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another

major: Read  greater in number, quantity, or extent; more important

manual: Read  guide book; hand-operated

marginal: Read  of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the margin

mature: Read  develop and reach maturity; grow old or older

maximum: Read  the largest possible quantity

mechanism: Read  device; machine; the technical aspects of doing something

media: Read  public institutions that report the news, such as newspapers, magazines, radio, and television

medium: Read  state that is intermediate between extremes

mental: Read  involving mind or intellectual process; affected by disorder of mind

method: Read  orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything

migration: Read  movement of persons from one country or locality to another

military: Read  pertaining to soldiers, to arms, or to war; of whole body of soldiers

minimal: Read  the fewest; the least possible

minimum: Read  the smallest possible quantity

ministry: Read  act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a minister

mode: Read  prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style

motivation: Read  incentive; psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal

mutual: Read  common to or shared by two or more parties; shared

negative: Read  adverse; involving disadvantage or harm; pessimistic

network: Read  any system of lines or channels crossing like the fabric of a net; complex, interconnected group or system

neutral: Read  impartial; not supporting one side over another

nevertheless: Read  not the less; notwithstanding; in spite of that; yet

nonetheless: Read  anyway; however

notion: Read  general or universal conception; belief or opinion

notwithstanding: Read  nevertheless; in spite of; despite anything to the contrary

nuclear: Read  of, relating to, or forming a nucleus of an atom; pertaining to, or using nuclear weapons

objective: Read  not influenced by emotions; having actual existence or reality

obvious: Read  exposed; easily discovered; plain

occur: Read  take place; be found to exist ; come to one's mind

odd: Read  not easily explained; beyond from the usual or expected; not divisible by two

offset: Read  counterbalance, counteract, or compensate for; balance

ongoing: Read  continuous; existing

option: Read  act of choosing; power or freedom to choose

orientation: Read  act of finding oneself position; position or alignment relative to points of directions; course introducing new situation

output: Read  act or process of producing; production; amount produced during a certain time

overall: Read  general; comprehensive; from one end to the other; including everything

overlap: Read  representation of common ground between two things; extend over and cover a part of

overseas: Read  beyond or across the sea; abroad

panel: Read  a group of people gathered for a special purpose; small board or pad

paradigm: Read  one that serves as a pattern or model; system of assumptions, concepts, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality

paragraph: Read  distinct division of written or printed matter that begins on a new, usually indented line

parallel: Read  make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not intersecting

passive: Read  lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injustice

percent: Read  out of each hundred; per hundred; one part in a hundred

period: Read  duration, continuance, term; end of something

persistent: Read  constant; never-ceasing

perspective: Read  appearance of things; view, outlook, or vista

phase: Read  any distinct time period in a sequence of events; stage

phenomenon: Read  appearance; anything visible, in matter or spirit; extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence

philosophy: Read  body of highest truth; investigation of nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning

physical: Read  relating to the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

plus: Read  involving advantage or good; on the positive side or higher end of a scale

policy: Read  settled method of government to administer; system of public or official administration

portion: Read  section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a whole

positive: Read  involving advantage or good ; greater than zero; very sure; confident

potential: Read  existing in possibility; expected to become or be

preceding: Read  ahead; prior to

precise: Read  exact; clearly expressed; accurate or correct

predominantly: Read  mainly; much greater in number or influence

preliminary: Read  prior to or preparing for the main matter; introductory

presumption: Read  act of presuming, or believing upon probable evidence; act of assuming; belief upon incomplete proof

previous: Read  existing or occurring before something else

primary: Read  of first rank or importance or value; essential or basic

prime: Read  first in excellence, quality, or value; at the best stage; peak; first in degree or rank; chief

principal: Read  highest in rank, authority, character, importance, or degree

principle: Read  basic truth or law or assumption; rule or law of nature; rule of personal conduct

prior: Read  preceding in the order of time; former; previous

priority: Read  preceding in time, importance, or urgency

procedure: Read  act or manner of moving forward; act performed; steps taken in an action

process: Read  act of proceeding; continued forward movement; a series of actions

professional: Read  engaged in, or suitable for a profession

project: Read  any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; program; plan; scheme

promote: Read  help to flourish; advance in rank; publicize

proportion: Read  percentage; quotient obtained when a part is divided by the whole; part considered in relation to the whole

prospect: Read  possibility of future success; belief about future

protocol: Read  code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction

psychology: Read  science that deals with mental processes and behavior

publication: Read  act or process of publishing printed matter; communication of information to public

purchase: Read  act or an instance of buying; something bought

pursue: Read  follow in; go in search of or hunt for

qualitative: Read  relating to quality; having the character of quality

quotation: Read  passage or expression that is quoted or cited; practice of quoting from books