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Exam Word - https://www.examword.com/ Total words: 197

TOEIC Reading Vocabulary (1): Print One-sided Flashcard

acquisition:
 
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
adolescent:
 
n.
a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;
adverse:
 
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose
aesthetic:
 
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
affiliate:
 
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
associate; incorporate
afflict:
 
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
cause pain, suffering or distress
aggravate:
 
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
worsen; make worse or more troublesome
agitation:
 
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
alleviate:
 
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
amends:
 
n.
compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation
anonymous:
 
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name
appraisal:
 
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
articulate:
 
a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
ascertain:
 
v. Syn. discover; insure
find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascribe:
 
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality
assault:
 
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
attack; onslaught
assert:
 
v. Syn. declare
declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
asset:
 
n. Syn. properties; advantage
properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality
assimilate:
 
v. Syn. absorb
incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble
attorney:
 
n. Syn. lawyer
lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy
augment:
 
v. Syn. increase
make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
authentic:
 
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy
avail:
 
v. Syn. profit; promote
turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote
avert:
 
v. Syn. prevent
prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
baffle:
 
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
barren:
 
a. Syn. desolate
desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
batch:
 
n.
quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together
bizarre:
 
a. Syn. fantastic
fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance
bleak:
 
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
blunder:
 
n. Syn. error
serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
blunt:
 
a. Syn. insensitive
having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive
bonus:
 
n.
an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation
brace:
 
n.
something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;
brittle:
 
a.
easily broken; having little elasticity
capsule:
 
n. Syn. pill
small container; pill in form of small rounded gelatinous; shortened version of a written work
casualty:
 
n.
serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident
ceramic:
 
a.
of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.
cereal:
 
n.
grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.
commentary:
 
n.
written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
commitment:
 
n.
pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action
commute:
 
v.
obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; travel regularly from a place of residence to another place
compatible:
 
a. Syn. harmonious
harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes
competence:
 
n.
quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
compile:
 
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources
compulsory:
 
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
mandatory; obligatory; required by rule
concede:
 
v. Syn. admit; yield
admit; yield; give up physical control of another
conceive:
 
v. Syn. design; consider
form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way
concession:
 
n.
act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission
concise:
 
a. Syn. succinct; terse
brief and compact; expressing much in few words
confer:
 
v.
bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over
configuration:
 
n.
arrangement of parts or elements; outline
conform:
 
v.
comply with; follow; fit; meet
confusion:
 
n.
mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order
consecutive:
 
a. Syn. successive; sequential
following one after another without interruption; sequential
consensus:
 
n. Syn. Agreement; accord
general agreement or accord; opinion reached by a group as a whole
conserve:
 
v. Syn. retain; preserve
retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste
conspicuous:
 
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious
constituent:
 
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
component or part; citizen, voter
constrain:
 
v. Syn. restrain; confine
restrain; keep within close bounds; confine
consultant:
 
n.
an expert who gives advice
contaminate:
 
v. Syn. taint; pollute; defile
make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile
contemplate:
 
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought
contempt:
 
n. Syn. disgrace
state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
contend:
 
v.
strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for
contradict:
 
v. Syn. confront; oppose
confront; oppose
contrive:
 
v.
form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design
controversial:
 
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
controvertible; disputable
controversy:
 
n. Syn. contention; argument
contentious speech act; argument
converge:
 
v. Syn. approach
approach; tend to meet; come together
convict:
 
v.
find or declare guilty
cordial:
 
a. Syn. gracious
gracious; showing warm and friendliness
corps:
 
n.
an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions; a body of people associated together
corrode:
 
v.
destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away
corrupt:
 
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted
costume:
 
n. Syn. dress; attire
dress; attire; aset of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season
courtesy:
 
n.
polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact
cripple:
 
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb
criterion:
 
n.
standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test
crucial:
 
a.
of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance
culminate:
 
v.
reach the highest or most decisive point; rise to summit
cumulative:
 
a.
increasing by successive addition
curb:
 
v.
bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain
curt:
 
a.
having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner
cynical:
 
a.
skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic
deficit:
 
n. Syn. shortfall; shortage
inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage
degenerate:
 
v. Syn. deteriorate
become worse; decline; fall
deliberate:
 
v. Syn. consider; ponder
consider; think about carefully; weigh
denote:
 
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically
denounce:
 
v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner
depict:
 
v. Syn. portray; describe
represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe
designate:
 
v. Syn. nominate; assign; name
indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to
despise:
 
v.
dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn
deteriorate:
 
v. Syn. decline
become worse; decline
diffuse:
 
v.
spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely
dilemma:
 
n. Syn. predicament
predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options
dilute:
 
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water
discern:
 
v. Syn. detect; perceive
detect; perceive
discrepancy:
 
n. Syn. difference
lack of consistency; difference
discrete:
 
a. Syn. separate; distinct
separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts
disguise:
 
n.
dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception
dismay:
 
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm
dispatch:
 
n. Syn. expedition; sending off
act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste
disperse:
 
v. Syn. scatter
move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known
disposition:
 
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something
disrupt:
 
v. Syn. upset; interrupt
upset; throw into confusion or disorder
dissipate:
 
v. Syn. waste; scatter
spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse
distil:
 
v.
drop; fall in drops; flow in a small stream
disturbance:
 
n. Syn. disorder; turmoil
disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder
divine:
 
v.
perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity
drastic:
 
a. Syn. radical; severe
radical; taking effect violently or rapidly
dubious:
 
a. Syn. questionable
questionable; filled with doubt
dwell:
 
v. Syn. reside; inhabit
live as a resident; exist in a given place or state
eccentric:
 
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern
edible:
 
a. Syn. eatable
eatable; substance that can be used as food
ego:
 
n.
self, especially as distinct from the world and other selves; exaggerated sense of self-importance
elicit:
 
v. Syn. provoke
draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer
elite:
 
n.
a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
eloquent:
 
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive
embark:
 
v. Syn. commence
commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey
empirical:
 
a.
derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
endow:
 
v. Syn. grant; award
grant; award; give qualities or abilities to
enhance:
 
v. Syn. increase; improve
make better or more attractive; increase; improve
ensue:
 
v. Syn. follow
pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence
entail:
 
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way
entity:
 
n.
real being; something that exists as a particular and discrete unit; fact of existence
entrepreneur:
 
n. Syn. businessperson; enterprise
person who organizes and operates a business; contractor
envisage:
 
v.
look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way
epoch:
 
n. Syn. era
particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable
equilibrium:
 
n. Syn. balance
mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives
erosion:
 
n. Syn. corrosion
corrosion; a gradual decline of something
erroneous:
 
a. Syn. mistaken; wrong
containing or derived from error; mistaken
escort:
 
n.
one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey
essence:
 
n.
most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
ethics:
 
n. Syn. morals; principles
morals; study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct.
ethnic:
 
a. Syn. racial
relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage
evoke:
 
v. Syn. bring out; arouse
bring out; arouse; call forth
exemplify:
 
v. Syn. embody
serve as an example of; embody
exempt:
 
a.
not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation
exotic:
 
a. Syn. strange
from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual
expertise:
 
n. Syn. skill
specialized knowledge; expert skill
explicit:
 
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken
exposition:
 
n.
exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue
exquisite:
 
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating
extinct:
 
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
no longer existing or living; vanished; dead
extinguish:
 
v.
quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy
fabricate:
 
v. Syn. build
build; put together out of components or parts
facet:
 
n. Syn. side
small, smooth, flat surface, as on a bone or tooth; side; a smooth surface
facilitate:
 
v. Syn. promote; expedite
help bring about; make less difficult
feeble:
 
a. Syn. weak; frail
lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail
flap:
 
n.
flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap
fling:
 
v. Syn. discard
throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt
fluctuate:
 
v. Syn. waver; shift
rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly
flutter:
 
v.
vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner
foam:
 
n.
white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids
foil:
 
v. Syn. hinder
prevent from being successful
formidable:
 
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat
formulate:
 
v. Syn. policy; theory
decide upon and express in words
fort:
 
n. Syn. fortress; stronghold
a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post
fossil:
 
n. Syn. remnant
remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age
foster:
 
v. Syn. rear
rear; promote the growth of; help develop
foul:
 
n. Syn. disgusting; filthy
act that violates of the rules of a sport
fracture:
 
v. Syn. break; crack
break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse
fraud:
 
n.
getting money by lying or cheating; something intended to deceive
fringe:
 
n. Syn. margin; periphery
margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band
frustrate:
 
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment
galaxy:
 
n.
large, isolated system of stars, as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities
gaol:
 
n. Syn. jail
place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment
garment:
 
n.
any article of clothing, as coat or gown
gear:
 
n.
toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction
glide:
 
v. Syn. slide; slip
slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner
gloomy:
 
a. Syn. dusky; dim
imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded
gorgeous:
 
a. Syn. beautiful; magnificent
dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent
gossip:
 
n. Syn. rumor
rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions
graze:
 
v. Syn. feed
scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage
grease:
 
n.
oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things
grief:
 
n.
pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness
grieve:
 
v.
cause to be sorrowful; distress
grim:
 
a.
unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding
hamper:
 
v. Syn. obstruct
put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of
hatch:
 
v. Syn. breed
breed; emerge from the egg
haul:
 
v. Syn. transport; drag
draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction
haunt:
 
v. Syn. torment; bother; disturb
be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb
heal:
 
v. Syn. cure
cure; make or get healthy again
heave:
 
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw
heir:
 
n. Syn. descendent; offspring
person who inherits some title or office
heritage:
 
n. Syn. legacy; bequest; tradition
legacy; something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition
hierarchy:
 
n. Syn. class; order
arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked
hinder:
 
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress
hinge:
 
n.
a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other
hitherto:
 
ad.
to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now
homogeneous:
 
a. Syn. uniform; similar
of the same or similar nature or kind
hose:
 
n.
a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas
hover:
 
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
hang about; wait nearby; remain floating
humidity:
 
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
dampness; moisture
hurl:
 
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
throw with great force; cast; toss
hypothesis:
 
n. Syn. assumption; theory
assumption; theory
hysterical:
 
a.
marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion; affected, or troubled, with fear or panic