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TOEIC Reading Vocabulary (1): Print Flashcard

acquisition
 
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(mua) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
adolescent
 
n.
(vị thành niên) a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;
adverse
 
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
(bất lợi) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose
aesthetic
 
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
(thẩm mỹ) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
affiliate
 
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
(liên kết) associate; incorporate
afflict
 
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
(ức hiếp) cause pain, suffering or distress
aggravate
 
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
(nặng) worsen; make worse or more troublesome
agitation
 
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
(kích động) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
alleviate
 
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
(giảm) provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
amends
 
n.
(sửa đổi) compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation
anonymous
 
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
(vô danh) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name
appraisal
 
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
(thẩm định) assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
articulate
 
a. Syn. effective; distinct
(rõ) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
ascertain
 
v. Syn. discover; insure
(xác định) find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascribe
 
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
(gán) inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality
assault
 
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
(tấn công) attack; onslaught
assert
 
v. Syn. declare
(khẳng định) declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
asset
 
n. Syn. properties; advantage
(tài sản) properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality
assimilate
 
v. Syn. absorb
(đồng hóa) incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble
attorney
 
n. Syn. lawyer
(luật sư) lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy
augment
 
v. Syn. increase
(tăng) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
authentic
 
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
(xác thực) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy
avail
 
v. Syn. profit; promote
(tận) turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote
avert
 
v. Syn. prevent
(tránh) prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
baffle
 
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
(vách ngăn) frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
barren
 
a. Syn. desolate
(cằn cỗi) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
batch
 
n.
(hàng loạt) quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together
bizarre
 
a. Syn. fantastic
(kỳ dị) fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance
bleak
 
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
(ảm đạm) cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
blunder
 
n. Syn. error
(sai lầm) serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
blunt
 
a. Syn. insensitive
(cùn) having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive
bonus
 
n.
(thưởng) an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation
brace
 
n.
(nẹp) something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;
brittle
 
a.
(giòn) easily broken; having little elasticity
capsule
 
n. Syn. pill
(viên nang) small container; pill in form of small rounded gelatinous; shortened version of a written work
casualty
 
n.
(nạn nhân) serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident
ceramic
 
a.
(gốm) of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.
cereal
 
n.
(ngũ cốc) grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.
commentary
 
n.
(bình luận) written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
commitment
 
n.
(cam kết) pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action
commute
 
v.
(đi lại) obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; travel regularly from a place of residence to another place
compatible
 
a. Syn. harmonious
(tương thích) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes
competence
 
n.
(thẩm quyền) quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
compile
 
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
(biên dịch) put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources
compulsory
 
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
(bắt buộc) mandatory; obligatory; required by rule
concede
 
v. Syn. admit; yield
(thừa nhận) admit; yield; give up physical control of another
conceive
 
v. Syn. design; consider
(thụ thai) form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way
concession
 
n.
(nhượng) act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission
concise
 
a. Syn. succinct; terse
(súc tích) brief and compact; expressing much in few words
confer
 
v.
(tặng) bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over
configuration
 
n.
(cấu hình) arrangement of parts or elements; outline
conform
 
v.
(phù hợp) comply with; follow; fit; meet
confusion
 
n.
(lẫn lộn) mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order
consecutive
 
a. Syn. successive; sequential
(liên tiếp) following one after another without interruption; sequential
consensus
 
n. Syn. Agreement; accord
(nhất trí) general agreement or accord; opinion reached by a group as a whole
conserve
 
v. Syn. retain; preserve
(bảo tồn) retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste
conspicuous
 
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
(dễ thấy) noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious
constituent
 
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
(thành phần) component or part; citizen, voter
constrain
 
v. Syn. restrain; confine
(hạn chế) restrain; keep within close bounds; confine
consultant
 
n.
(Tư vấn) an expert who gives advice
contaminate
 
v. Syn. taint; pollute; defile
(ô nhiễm) make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile
contemplate
 
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
(chiêm ngưỡng) look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought
contempt
 
n. Syn. disgrace
(khinh) state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
contend
 
v.
(tranh) strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for
contradict
 
v. Syn. confront; oppose
(mâu thuẫn) confront; oppose
contrive
 
v.
(mưu) form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design
controversial
 
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
(cãi) controvertible; disputable
controversy
 
n. Syn. contention; argument
(cãi) contentious speech act; argument
converge
 
v. Syn. approach
(hội tụ) approach; tend to meet; come together
convict
 
v.
(tội phạm) find or declare guilty
cordial
 
a. Syn. gracious
(thân mật) gracious; showing warm and friendliness
corps
 
n.
(đoàn) an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions; a body of people associated together
corrode
 
v.
(gặm mòn) destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away
corrupt
 
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
(hỏng) changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted
costume
 
n. Syn. dress; attire
(trang phục) dress; attire; aset of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season
courtesy
 
n.
(lịch sự) polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact
cripple
 
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
(tàn tật) person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb
criterion
 
n.
(tiêu chuẩn) standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test
crucial
 
a.
(quan trọng) of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance
culminate
 
v.
(gai góc) reach the highest or most decisive point; rise to summit
cumulative
 
a.
(tích lũy) increasing by successive addition
curb
 
v.
(lề đường) bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain
curt
 
a.
(curt) having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner
cynical
 
a.
(hoài nghi) skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic
deficit
 
n. Syn. shortfall; shortage
(thâm hụt) inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage
degenerate
 
v. Syn. deteriorate
(thoái hóa) become worse; decline; fall
deliberate
 
v. Syn. consider; ponder
(chủ ý) consider; think about carefully; weigh
denote
 
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
(biểu thị) indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically
denounce
 
v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
(tố cáo) condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner
depict
 
v. Syn. portray; describe
(miêu tả) represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe
designate
 
v. Syn. nominate; assign; name
(chỉ định) indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to
despise
 
v.
(khinh) dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn
deteriorate
 
v. Syn. decline
(xấu) become worse; decline
diffuse
 
v.
(khuếch tán) spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely
dilemma
 
n. Syn. predicament
(tiến thoái lưỡng nan) predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options
dilute
 
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
(pha loãng) weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water
discern
 
v. Syn. detect; perceive
(phân biệt) detect; perceive
discrepancy
 
n. Syn. difference
(khác biệt) lack of consistency; difference
discrete
 
a. Syn. separate; distinct
(rời rạc) separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts
disguise
 
n.
(cải trang) dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception
dismay
 
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
(mất tinh thần) destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm
dispatch
 
n. Syn. expedition; sending off
(văn) act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste
disperse
 
v. Syn. scatter
(giải tán) move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known
disposition
 
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
(đoạt) natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something
disrupt
 
v. Syn. upset; interrupt
(phá rối) upset; throw into confusion or disorder
dissipate
 
v. Syn. waste; scatter
(tiêu tan) spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse
distil
 
v.
(chưng cất) drop; fall in drops; flow in a small stream
disturbance
 
n. Syn. disorder; turmoil
(xáo trộn) disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder
divine
 
v.
(thần thánh) perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity
drastic
 
a. Syn. radical; severe
(quyết liệt) radical; taking effect violently or rapidly
dubious
 
a. Syn. questionable
(mơ hồ) questionable; filled with doubt
dwell
 
v. Syn. reside; inhabit
(ngự) live as a resident; exist in a given place or state
eccentric
 
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
(lập dị) departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern
edible
 
a. Syn. eatable
(ăn) eatable; substance that can be used as food
ego
 
n.
(ngã) self, especially as distinct from the world and other selves; exaggerated sense of self-importance
elicit
 
v. Syn. provoke
(gợi) draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer
elite
 
n.
(tầng lớp) a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
eloquent
 
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
(hùng hồn) vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive
embark
 
v. Syn. commence
(bắt tay) commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey
empirical
 
a.
(thực nghiệm) derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
endow
 
v. Syn. grant; award
(ưu đai) grant; award; give qualities or abilities to
enhance
 
v. Syn. increase; improve
(nâng cao) make better or more attractive; increase; improve
ensue
 
v. Syn. follow
(xảy) pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence
entail
 
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
(kéo theo) imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way
entity
 
n.
(thực thể) real being; something that exists as a particular and discrete unit; fact of existence
entrepreneur
 
n. Syn. businessperson; enterprise
(doanh nhân) person who organizes and operates a business; contractor
envisage
 
v.
(dự tính) look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way
epoch
 
n. Syn. era
(kỷ nguyên) particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable
equilibrium
 
n. Syn. balance
(cân bằng) mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives
erosion
 
n. Syn. corrosion
(xói mòn) corrosion; a gradual decline of something
erroneous
 
a. Syn. mistaken; wrong
(sai lầm) containing or derived from error; mistaken
escort
 
n.
(hộ tống) one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey
essence
 
n.
(bản chất) most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
ethics
 
n. Syn. morals; principles
(đạo đức) morals; study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct.
ethnic
 
a. Syn. racial
(dân tộc) relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage
evoke
 
v. Syn. bring out; arouse
(gợi) bring out; arouse; call forth
exemplify
 
v. Syn. embody
(hình mẫu) serve as an example of; embody
exempt
 
a.
(miễn) not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation
exotic
 
a. Syn. strange
(lạ) from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual
expertise
 
n. Syn. skill
(chuyên môn) specialized knowledge; expert skill
explicit
 
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
(rõ ràng) precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken
exposition
 
n.
(trình bày) exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue
exquisite
 
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
(tinh tế) excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating
extinct
 
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
(tuyệt chủng) no longer existing or living; vanished; dead
extinguish
 
v.
(dập tắt) quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy
fabricate
 
v. Syn. build
(chế tạo) build; put together out of components or parts
facet
 
n. Syn. side
(mặt) small, smooth, flat surface, as on a bone or tooth; side; a smooth surface
facilitate
 
v. Syn. promote; expedite
(tạo điều kiện) help bring about; make less difficult
feeble
 
a. Syn. weak; frail
(yếu ớt) lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail
flap
 
n.
(nắp) flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap
fling
 
v. Syn. discard
(fling) throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt
fluctuate
 
v. Syn. waver; shift
(biến động) rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly
flutter
 
v.
(rung) vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner
foam
 
n.
(bọt) white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids
foil
 
v. Syn. hinder
(lá) prevent from being successful
formidable
 
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
(ghê gớm) arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat
formulate
 
v. Syn. policy; theory
(Xây dựng) decide upon and express in words
fort
 
n. Syn. fortress; stronghold
(pháo đài) a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post
fossil
 
n. Syn. remnant
(hóa thạch) remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age
foster
 
v. Syn. rear
(nuôi) rear; promote the growth of; help develop
foul
 
n. Syn. disgusting; filthy
(hôi) act that violates of the rules of a sport
fracture
 
v. Syn. break; crack
(gãy) break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse
fraud
 
n.
(gian lận) getting money by lying or cheating; something intended to deceive
fringe
 
n. Syn. margin; periphery
(rìa) margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band
frustrate
 
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
(frustrate) make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment
galaxy
 
n.
(thiên hà) large, isolated system of stars, as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities
gaol
 
n. Syn. jail
(tù) place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment
garment
 
n.
(may) any article of clothing, as coat or gown
gear
 
n.
(bánh) toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction
glide
 
v. Syn. slide; slip
(lướt) slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner
gloomy
 
a. Syn. dusky; dim
(ảm đạm) imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded
gorgeous
 
a. Syn. beautiful; magnificent
(đẹp) dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent
gossip
 
n. Syn. rumor
(gossip) rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions
graze
 
v. Syn. feed
(gặm) scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage
grease
 
n.
(mỡ) oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things
grief
 
n.
(đau buồn) pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness
grieve
 
v.
(đau buồn) cause to be sorrowful; distress
grim
 
a.
(nghiệt ngã) unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding
hamper
 
v. Syn. obstruct
(cản trở) put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of
hatch
 
v. Syn. breed
(nở) breed; emerge from the egg
haul
 
v. Syn. transport; drag
(chở) draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction
haunt
 
v. Syn. torment; bother; disturb
(ám ảnh) be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb
heal
 
v. Syn. cure
(lành) cure; make or get healthy again
heave
 
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
(dơ lên) cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw
heir
 
n. Syn. descendent; offspring
(thừa kế) person who inherits some title or office
heritage
 
n. Syn. legacy; bequest; tradition
(di sản) legacy; something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition
hierarchy
 
n. Syn. class; order
(hệ thống phân cấp) arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked
hinder
 
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
(cản trở) put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress
hinge
 
n.
(bản lề) a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other
hitherto
 
ad.
(cho đến nay) to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now
homogeneous
 
a. Syn. uniform; similar
(đồng nhất) of the same or similar nature or kind
hose
 
n.
(vòi) a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas
hover
 
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
(di) hang about; wait nearby; remain floating
humidity
 
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
(ẩm) dampness; moisture
hurl
 
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
(quăn) throw with great force; cast; toss
hypothesis
 
n. Syn. assumption; theory
(giả thuyết) assumption; theory
hysterical
 
a.
(kích động) marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion; affected, or troubled, with fear or panic