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TOEIC Reading Vocabulary (1)

View all words of the list        
acquisition
adolescent
adverse
aesthetic
affiliate
afflict
aggravate
agitation
alleviate
amends
anonymous
appraisal
articulate
ascertain
ascribe
assault
assert
asset
assimilate
attorney
augment
authentic
avail
avert
baffle
barren
batch
bizarre
bleak
blunder
blunt
bonus
brace
brittle
capsule
casualty
ceramic
cereal
commentary
commitment
commute
compatible
competence
compile
compulsory
concede
conceive
concession
concise
confer
configuration
conform
confusion
consecutive
consensus
conserve
conspicuous
constituent
constrain
consultant
contaminate
contemplate
contempt
contend
contradict
contrive
controversial
controversy
converge
convict
cordial
corps
corrode
corrupt
costume
courtesy
cripple
criterion
crucial
culminate
cumulative
curb
curt
cynical
deficit
degenerate
deliberate
denote
denounce
depict
designate
despise
deteriorate
diffuse
dilemma
dilute
discern
discrepancy
discrete
disguise
dismay
dispatch
disperse
disposition
disrupt
dissipate
distil
disturbance
divine
drastic
dubious
dwell
eccentric
edible
ego
elicit
elite
eloquent
embark
empirical
endow
enhance
ensue
entail
entity
entrepreneur
envisage
epoch
equilibrium
erosion
erroneous
escort
essence
ethics
ethnic
evoke
exemplify
exempt
exotic
expertise
explicit
exposition
exquisite
extinct
extinguish
fabricate
facet
facilitate
feeble
flap
fling
fluctuate
flutter
foam
foil
formidable
formulate
fort
fossil
foster
foul
fracture
fraud
fringe
frustrate
galaxy
gaol
garment
gear
glide
gloomy
gorgeous
gossip
graze
grease
grief
grieve
grim
hamper
hatch
haul
haunt
heal
heave
heir
heritage
hierarchy
hinder
hinge
hitherto
homogeneous
hose
hover
humidity
hurl
hypothesis
hysterical

Word and Definition List


acquisition: Read
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(امتلاك) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

adolescent: Read
n.
(مراهقين) a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;

adverse: Read
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
(السلبية) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

aesthetic: Read
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
(الجمالية) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

affiliate: Read
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
(انضم) associate; incorporate

afflict: Read
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
(تصيب) cause pain, suffering or distress

aggravate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
(تفاقم) worsen; make worse or more troublesome

agitation: Read
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
(التحريض) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

alleviate: Read
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
(تخفيف) provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

amends: Read
n.
(تعدل) compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

anonymous: Read
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
(المجهولين) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

appraisal: Read
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
(التقييم الشاملان) assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth

articulate: Read
a. Syn. effective; distinct
(التعبير) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

ascertain: Read
v. Syn. discover; insure
(التأكد) find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

ascribe: Read
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
(صقه) inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

assault: Read
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
(الاعتداء) attack; onslaught

assert: Read
v. Syn. declare
(تأكيد) declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

asset: Read
n. Syn. properties; advantage
(الأصول) properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality

assimilate: Read
v. Syn. absorb
(استيعاب) incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble

attorney: Read
n. Syn. lawyer
(المحامي) lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

augment: Read
v. Syn. increase
(زيادة) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

authentic: Read
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
(حجية) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

avail: Read
v. Syn. profit; promote
(جدوى) turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote

avert: Read
v. Syn. prevent
(القفص) prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

baffle: Read
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
(إرباك) frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

barren: Read
a. Syn. desolate
(جرداء) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

batch: Read
n.
(دفعة) quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together

bizarre: Read
a. Syn. fantastic
(غريبة) fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance

bleak: Read
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
(التجديف) cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable

blunder: Read
n. Syn. error
(خطأ) serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: Read
a. Syn. insensitive
(حادة) having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

bonus: Read
n.
(منحة) an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation

brace: Read
n.
(قوس) something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

brittle: Read
a.
(رجل يعذب هش) easily broken; having little elasticity

capsule: Read
n. Syn. pill
(الأسير) small container; pill in form of small rounded gelatinous; shortened version of a written work

casualty: Read
n.
(الضحايا) serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident

ceramic: Read
a.
(السيراميك) of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.

cereal: Read
n.
(الحبوب) grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.

commentary: Read
n.
(التعليق) written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material

commitment: Read
n.
(التزام) pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

commute: Read
v.
(سافر) obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; travel regularly from a place of residence to another place

compatible: Read
a. Syn. harmonious
(متوافق) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

competence: Read
n.
(الاختصاصات) quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually

compile: Read
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
(ترجمة) put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

compulsory: Read
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
(الإجباري) mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

concede: Read
v. Syn. admit; yield
(حساب) admit; yield; give up physical control of another

conceive: Read
v. Syn. design; consider
(تصور) form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way

concession: Read
n.
(الغرور الحمل) act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission

concise: Read
a. Syn. succinct; terse
(تنازل) brief and compact; expressing much in few words

confer: Read
v.
(منح) bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

configuration: Read
n.
(التكوين) arrangement of parts or elements; outline

conform: Read
v.
(مطابقة) comply with; follow; fit; meet

confusion: Read
n.
(ارتباك) mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order

consecutive: Read
a. Syn. successive; sequential
(التوالى) following one after another without interruption; sequential

consensus: Read
n. Syn. Agreement; accord
(الإجماع) general agreement or accord; opinion reached by a group as a whole

conserve: Read
v. Syn. retain; preserve
(حفظ) retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste

conspicuous: Read
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
(واضح) noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

constituent: Read
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
(التأسيسية) component or part; citizen, voter

constrain: Read
v. Syn. restrain; confine
(تقييد) restrain; keep within close bounds; confine

consultant: Read
n.
(مستشار) an expert who gives advice

contaminate: Read
v. Syn. taint; pollute; defile
(تلوث) make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile

contemplate: Read
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
(التأمل) look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contempt: Read
n. Syn. disgrace
(ازدراء) state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contend: Read
v.
(يؤكدون) strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for

contradict: Read
v. Syn. confront; oppose
(يتنافى مع) confront; oppose

contrive: Read
v.
(دبر) form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design

controversial: Read
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
(الجدل) controvertible; disputable

controversy: Read
n. Syn. contention; argument
(جدل) contentious speech act; argument

converge: Read
v. Syn. approach
(تلتقي) approach; tend to meet; come together

convict: Read
v.
(إدانة) find or declare guilty

cordial: Read
a. Syn. gracious
(ودية) gracious; showing warm and friendliness

corps: Read
n.
(كور) an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions; a body of people associated together

corrode: Read
v.
(تآكل) destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away

corrupt: Read
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
(الفاسدة) changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted

costume: Read
n. Syn. dress; attire
(مجوهرات) dress; attire; aset of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season

courtesy: Read
n.
(مجاملة) polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact

cripple: Read
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
(تشل) person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb

criterion: Read
n.
(معيار) standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test

crucial: Read
a.
(عامل هام) of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

culminate: Read
v.
(تتوج) reach the highest or most decisive point; rise to summit

cumulative: Read
a.
(التراكمي) increasing by successive addition

curb: Read
v.
(لحد) bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

curt: Read
a.
(كيرت) having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner

cynical: Read
a.
(ساخرة) skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic

deficit: Read
n. Syn. shortfall; shortage
(العجز) inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage

degenerate: Read
v. Syn. deteriorate
(تتحول) become worse; decline; fall

deliberate: Read
v. Syn. consider; ponder
(المتعمد) consider; think about carefully; weigh

denote: Read
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
(تحديد دلالة) indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

denounce: Read
v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
(تنسحب) condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

depict: Read
v. Syn. portray; describe
(تصوير) represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

designate: Read
v. Syn. nominate; assign; name
(المرغوب فيه) indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

despise: Read
v.
(مقفر يحتقر) dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn

deteriorate: Read
v. Syn. decline
(تتدهور) become worse; decline

diffuse: Read
v.
(نشر) spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely

dilemma: Read
n. Syn. predicament
(مأزق) predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options

dilute: Read
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
(تمييع) weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

discern: Read
v. Syn. detect; perceive
(تمييز) detect; perceive

discrepancy: Read
n. Syn. difference
(التناقض) lack of consistency; difference

discrete: Read
a. Syn. separate; distinct
(منفصلة) separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts

disguise: Read
n.
(تمويه) dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception

dismay: Read
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
(الفزع) destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

dispatch: Read
n. Syn. expedition; sending off
(إرسال) act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

disperse: Read
v. Syn. scatter
(تفريق) move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

disposition: Read
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
(التصرف) natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

disrupt: Read
v. Syn. upset; interrupt
(تفكيك) upset; throw into confusion or disorder

dissipate: Read
v. Syn. waste; scatter
(تبديد) spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse

distil: Read
v.
(تقطير) drop; fall in drops; flow in a small stream

disturbance: Read
n. Syn. disorder; turmoil
(اضطراب) disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder

divine: Read
v.
(التنوع) perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity

drastic: Read
a. Syn. radical; severe
(جذرية) radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

dubious: Read
a. Syn. questionable
(مشكوك فيها) questionable; filled with doubt

dwell: Read
v. Syn. reside; inhabit
(يسكن) live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

eccentric: Read
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
(غريب الأطوار) departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

edible: Read
a. Syn. eatable
(غذائية) eatable; substance that can be used as food

ego: Read
n.
(غرور) self, especially as distinct from the world and other selves; exaggerated sense of self-importance

elicit: Read
v. Syn. provoke
(الحصول) draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

elite: Read
n.
(النخبة) a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

eloquent: Read
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
(بليغة) vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

embark: Read
v. Syn. commence
(الشروع) commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey

empirical: Read
a.
(التجريبية) derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

endow: Read
v. Syn. grant; award
(منح) grant; award; give qualities or abilities to

enhance: Read
v. Syn. increase; improve
(تعزيز) make better or more attractive; increase; improve

ensue: Read
v. Syn. follow
(تترتب) pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

entail: Read
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
(يترتب) imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way

entity: Read
n.
(كيان) real being; something that exists as a particular and discrete unit; fact of existence

entrepreneur: Read
n. Syn. businessperson; enterprise
(منظم) person who organizes and operates a business; contractor

envisage: Read
v.
(تصور) look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way

epoch: Read
n. Syn. era
(الحقبة) particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable

equilibrium: Read
n. Syn. balance
(التوازن) mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives

erosion: Read
n. Syn. corrosion
(تآكل) corrosion; a gradual decline of something

erroneous: Read
a. Syn. mistaken; wrong
(الخاطئة) containing or derived from error; mistaken

escort: Read
n.
(رسالة بولس الرسول مرافقة) one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey

essence: Read
n.
(بنزين) most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

ethics: Read
n. Syn. morals; principles
(الأخلاق) morals; study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct.

ethnic: Read
a. Syn. racial
(عرقية) relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage

evoke: Read
v. Syn. bring out; arouse
(استحضار) bring out; arouse; call forth

exemplify: Read
v. Syn. embody
(مثالا) serve as an example of; embody

exempt: Read
a.
(اعفاء) not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation

exotic: Read
a. Syn. strange
(غريبة) from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual

expertise: Read
n. Syn. skill
(الخبرات) specialized knowledge; expert skill

explicit: Read
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
(صريحة) precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exposition: Read
n.
(المعرض) exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

exquisite: Read
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
(رائعة) excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating

extinct: Read
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
(منقرضة) no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

extinguish: Read
v.
(اطفاء) quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy

fabricate: Read
v. Syn. build
(افتعال) build; put together out of components or parts

facet: Read
n. Syn. side
(الوجه) small, smooth, flat surface, as on a bone or tooth; side; a smooth surface

facilitate: Read
v. Syn. promote; expedite
(طريف تيسير) help bring about; make less difficult

feeble: Read
a. Syn. weak; frail
(ضعيف) lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail

flap: Read
n.
(رفرف) flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap

fling: Read
v. Syn. discard
(قذف) throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt

fluctuate: Read
v. Syn. waver; shift
(تتقلب) rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

flutter: Read
v.
(فلوش رفرفة) vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner

foam: Read
n.
(الرغوة) white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids

foil: Read
v. Syn. hinder
(احباط) prevent from being successful

formidable: Read
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
(هائلة) arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat

formulate: Read
v. Syn. policy; theory
(صياغة) decide upon and express in words

fort: Read
n. Syn. fortress; stronghold
(فورت) a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post

fossil: Read
n. Syn. remnant
(المتحجرة) remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age

foster: Read
v. Syn. rear
(تعزيز) rear; promote the growth of; help develop

foul: Read
n. Syn. disgusting; filthy
(خطأ) act that violates of the rules of a sport

fracture: Read
v. Syn. break; crack
(كسر) break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse

fraud: Read
n.
(الاحتيال) getting money by lying or cheating; something intended to deceive

fringe: Read
n. Syn. margin; periphery
(الخمسه) margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band

frustrate: Read
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
(إحباط) make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment

galaxy: Read
n.
(المجرة) large, isolated system of stars, as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities

gaol: Read
n. Syn. jail
(سجن) place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment

garment: Read
n.
(الملابس) any article of clothing, as coat or gown

gear: Read
n.
(جير) toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction

glide: Read
v. Syn. slide; slip
(الإنزلاق) slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner

gloomy: Read
a. Syn. dusky; dim
(الكريم) imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded

gorgeous: Read
a. Syn. beautiful; magnificent
(رائع) dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent

gossip: Read
n. Syn. rumor
(القيل والقال) rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions

graze: Read
v. Syn. feed
(رعي) scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage

grease: Read
n.
(شحم) oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things

grief: Read
n.
(الحزن) pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness

grieve: Read
v.
(تحزن) cause to be sorrowful; distress

grim: Read
a.
(قاتمة) unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding

hamper: Read
v. Syn. obstruct
(يعوق) put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of

hatch: Read
v. Syn. breed
(هاتش) breed; emerge from the egg

haul: Read
v. Syn. transport; drag
(مسافات) draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction

haunt: Read
v. Syn. torment; bother; disturb
(تطارد) be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb

heal: Read
v. Syn. cure
(شفاء) cure; make or get healthy again

heave: Read
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
(المحمومة) cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

heir: Read
n. Syn. descendent; offspring
(ريث) person who inherits some title or office

heritage: Read
n. Syn. legacy; bequest; tradition
(التراث) legacy; something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition

hierarchy: Read
n. Syn. class; order
(هرم) arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked

hinder: Read
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
(تعوق) put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

hinge: Read
n.
(يتوقف) a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

hitherto: Read
ad.
(حتى الآن) to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

homogeneous: Read
a. Syn. uniform; similar
(متجانسة) of the same or similar nature or kind

hose: Read
n.
(الخرطوم) a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas

hover: Read
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
(تحوم) hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

humidity: Read
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
(الرطوبة) dampness; moisture

hurl: Read
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
(القاء) throw with great force; cast; toss

hypothesis: Read
n. Syn. assumption; theory
(فرضية) assumption; theory

hysterical: Read
a.
(ايديال) marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion; affected, or troubled, with fear or panic