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TOEIC Reading Vocabulary (1)

View all words of the list        
acquisition
adolescent
adverse
aesthetic
affiliate
afflict
aggravate
agitation
alleviate
amends
anonymous
appraisal
articulate
ascertain
ascribe
assault
assert
asset
assimilate
attorney
augment
authentic
avail
avert
baffle
barren
batch
bizarre
bleak
blunder
blunt
bonus
brace
brittle
capsule
casualty
ceramic
cereal
commentary
commitment
commute
compatible
competence
compile
compulsory
concede
conceive
concession
concise
confer
configuration
conform
confusion
consecutive
consensus
conserve
conspicuous
constituent
constrain
consultant
contaminate
contemplate
contempt
contend
contradict
contrive
controversial
controversy
converge
convict
cordial
corps
corrode
corrupt
costume
courtesy
cripple
criterion
crucial
culminate
cumulative
curb
curt
cynical
deficit
degenerate
deliberate
denote
denounce
depict
designate
despise
deteriorate
diffuse
dilemma
dilute
discern
discrepancy
discrete
disguise
dismay
dispatch
disperse
disposition
disrupt
dissipate
distil
disturbance
divine
drastic
dubious
dwell
eccentric
edible
ego
elicit
elite
eloquent
embark
empirical
endow
enhance
ensue
entail
entity
entrepreneur
envisage
epoch
equilibrium
erosion
erroneous
escort
essence
ethics
ethnic
evoke
exemplify
exempt
exotic
expertise
explicit
exposition
exquisite
extinct
extinguish
fabricate
facet
facilitate
feeble
flap
fling
fluctuate
flutter
foam
foil
formidable
formulate
fort
fossil
foster
foul
fracture
fraud
fringe
frustrate
galaxy
gaol
garment
gear
glide
gloomy
gorgeous
gossip
graze
grease
grief
grieve
grim
hamper
hatch
haul
haunt
heal
heave
heir
heritage
hierarchy
hinder
hinge
hitherto
homogeneous
hose
hover
humidity
hurl
hypothesis
hysterical

Word and Definition List


acquisition: Read
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

adolescent: Read
n.
a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;

adverse: Read
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

aesthetic: Read
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

affiliate: Read
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
associate; incorporate

afflict: Read
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
cause pain, suffering or distress

aggravate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
worsen; make worse or more troublesome

agitation: Read
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

alleviate: Read
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

amends: Read
n.
compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

anonymous: Read
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

appraisal: Read
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth

articulate: Read
a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

ascertain: Read
v. Syn. discover; insure
find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

ascribe: Read
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

assault: Read
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
attack; onslaught

assert: Read
v. Syn. declare
declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

asset: Read
n. Syn. properties; advantage
properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality

assimilate: Read
v. Syn. absorb
incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble

attorney: Read
n. Syn. lawyer
lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

augment: Read
v. Syn. increase
make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

authentic: Read
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

avail: Read
v. Syn. profit; promote
turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote

avert: Read
v. Syn. prevent
prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

baffle: Read
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

barren: Read
a. Syn. desolate
desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

batch: Read
n.
quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together

bizarre: Read
a. Syn. fantastic
fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance

bleak: Read
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable

blunder: Read
n. Syn. error
serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: Read
a. Syn. insensitive
having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

bonus: Read
n.
an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation

brace: Read
n.
something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

brittle: Read
a.
easily broken; having little elasticity

capsule: Read
n. Syn. pill
small container; pill in form of small rounded gelatinous; shortened version of a written work

casualty: Read
n.
serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident

ceramic: Read
a.
of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.

cereal: Read
n.
grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.

commentary: Read
n.
written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material

commitment: Read
n.
pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

commute: Read
v.
obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; travel regularly from a place of residence to another place

compatible: Read
a. Syn. harmonious
harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

competence: Read
n.
quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually

compile: Read
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

compulsory: Read
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

concede: Read
v. Syn. admit; yield
admit; yield; give up physical control of another

conceive: Read
v. Syn. design; consider
form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way

concession: Read
n.
act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission

concise: Read
a. Syn. succinct; terse
brief and compact; expressing much in few words

confer: Read
v.
bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

configuration: Read
n.
arrangement of parts or elements; outline

conform: Read
v.
comply with; follow; fit; meet

confusion: Read
n.
mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order

consecutive: Read
a. Syn. successive; sequential
following one after another without interruption; sequential

consensus: Read
n. Syn. Agreement; accord
general agreement or accord; opinion reached by a group as a whole

conserve: Read
v. Syn. retain; preserve
retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste

conspicuous: Read
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

constituent: Read
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
component or part; citizen, voter

constrain: Read
v. Syn. restrain; confine
restrain; keep within close bounds; confine

consultant: Read
n.
an expert who gives advice

contaminate: Read
v. Syn. taint; pollute; defile
make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile

contemplate: Read
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contempt: Read
n. Syn. disgrace
state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contend: Read
v.
strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for

contradict: Read
v. Syn. confront; oppose
confront; oppose

contrive: Read
v.
form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design

controversial: Read
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
controvertible; disputable

controversy: Read
n. Syn. contention; argument
contentious speech act; argument

converge: Read
v. Syn. approach
approach; tend to meet; come together

convict: Read
v.
find or declare guilty

cordial: Read
a. Syn. gracious
gracious; showing warm and friendliness

corps: Read
n.
an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions; a body of people associated together

corrode: Read
v.
destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away

corrupt: Read
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted

costume: Read
n. Syn. dress; attire
dress; attire; aset of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season

courtesy: Read
n.
polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact

cripple: Read
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb

criterion: Read
n.
standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test

crucial: Read
a.
of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

culminate: Read
v.
reach the highest or most decisive point; rise to summit

cumulative: Read
a.
increasing by successive addition

curb: Read
v.
bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

curt: Read
a.
having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner

cynical: Read
a.
skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic

deficit: Read
n. Syn. shortfall; shortage
inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage

degenerate: Read
v. Syn. deteriorate
become worse; decline; fall

deliberate: Read
v. Syn. consider; ponder
consider; think about carefully; weigh

denote: Read
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

denounce: Read
v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

depict: Read
v. Syn. portray; describe
represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

designate: Read
v. Syn. nominate; assign; name
indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

despise: Read
v.
dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn

deteriorate: Read
v. Syn. decline
become worse; decline

diffuse: Read
v.
spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely

dilemma: Read
n. Syn. predicament
predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options

dilute: Read
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

discern: Read
v. Syn. detect; perceive
detect; perceive

discrepancy: Read
n. Syn. difference
lack of consistency; difference

discrete: Read
a. Syn. separate; distinct
separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts

disguise: Read
n.
dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception

dismay: Read
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

dispatch: Read
n. Syn. expedition; sending off
act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

disperse: Read
v. Syn. scatter
move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

disposition: Read
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

disrupt: Read
v. Syn. upset; interrupt
upset; throw into confusion or disorder

dissipate: Read
v. Syn. waste; scatter
spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse

distil: Read
v.
drop; fall in drops; flow in a small stream

disturbance: Read
n. Syn. disorder; turmoil
disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder

divine: Read
v.
perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity

drastic: Read
a. Syn. radical; severe
radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

dubious: Read
a. Syn. questionable
questionable; filled with doubt

dwell: Read
v. Syn. reside; inhabit
live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

eccentric: Read
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

edible: Read
a. Syn. eatable
eatable; substance that can be used as food

ego: Read
n.
self, especially as distinct from the world and other selves; exaggerated sense of self-importance

elicit: Read
v. Syn. provoke
draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

elite: Read
n.
a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

eloquent: Read
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

embark: Read
v. Syn. commence
commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey

empirical: Read
a.
derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

endow: Read
v. Syn. grant; award
grant; award; give qualities or abilities to

enhance: Read
v. Syn. increase; improve
make better or more attractive; increase; improve

ensue: Read
v. Syn. follow
pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

entail: Read
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way

entity: Read
n.
real being; something that exists as a particular and discrete unit; fact of existence

entrepreneur: Read
n. Syn. businessperson; enterprise
person who organizes and operates a business; contractor

envisage: Read
v.
look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way

epoch: Read
n. Syn. era
particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable

equilibrium: Read
n. Syn. balance
mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives

erosion: Read
n. Syn. corrosion
corrosion; a gradual decline of something

erroneous: Read
a. Syn. mistaken; wrong
containing or derived from error; mistaken

escort: Read
n.
one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey

essence: Read
n.
most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

ethics: Read
n. Syn. morals; principles
morals; study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct.

ethnic: Read
a. Syn. racial
relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage

evoke: Read
v. Syn. bring out; arouse
bring out; arouse; call forth

exemplify: Read
v. Syn. embody
serve as an example of; embody

exempt: Read
a.
not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation

exotic: Read
a. Syn. strange
from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual

expertise: Read
n. Syn. skill
specialized knowledge; expert skill

explicit: Read
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exposition: Read
n.
exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

exquisite: Read
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating

extinct: Read
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

extinguish: Read
v.
quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy

fabricate: Read
v. Syn. build
build; put together out of components or parts

facet: Read
n. Syn. side
small, smooth, flat surface, as on a bone or tooth; side; a smooth surface

facilitate: Read
v. Syn. promote; expedite
help bring about; make less difficult

feeble: Read
a. Syn. weak; frail
lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail

flap: Read
n.
flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap

fling: Read
v. Syn. discard
throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt

fluctuate: Read
v. Syn. waver; shift
rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

flutter: Read
v.
vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner

foam: Read
n.
white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids

foil: Read
v. Syn. hinder
prevent from being successful

formidable: Read
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat

formulate: Read
v. Syn. policy; theory
decide upon and express in words

fort: Read
n. Syn. fortress; stronghold
a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post

fossil: Read
n. Syn. remnant
remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age

foster: Read
v. Syn. rear
rear; promote the growth of; help develop

foul: Read
n. Syn. disgusting; filthy
act that violates of the rules of a sport

fracture: Read
v. Syn. break; crack
break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse

fraud: Read
n.
getting money by lying or cheating; something intended to deceive

fringe: Read
n. Syn. margin; periphery
margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band

frustrate: Read
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment

galaxy: Read
n.
large, isolated system of stars, as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities

gaol: Read
n. Syn. jail
place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment

garment: Read
n.
any article of clothing, as coat or gown

gear: Read
n.
toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction

glide: Read
v. Syn. slide; slip
slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner

gloomy: Read
a. Syn. dusky; dim
imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded

gorgeous: Read
a. Syn. beautiful; magnificent
dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent

gossip: Read
n. Syn. rumor
rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions

graze: Read
v. Syn. feed
scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage

grease: Read
n.
oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things

grief: Read
n.
pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness

grieve: Read
v.
cause to be sorrowful; distress

grim: Read
a.
unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding

hamper: Read
v. Syn. obstruct
put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of

hatch: Read
v. Syn. breed
breed; emerge from the egg

haul: Read
v. Syn. transport; drag
draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction

haunt: Read
v. Syn. torment; bother; disturb
be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb

heal: Read
v. Syn. cure
cure; make or get healthy again

heave: Read
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

heir: Read
n. Syn. descendent; offspring
person who inherits some title or office

heritage: Read
n. Syn. legacy; bequest; tradition
legacy; something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition

hierarchy: Read
n. Syn. class; order
arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked

hinder: Read
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

hinge: Read
n.
a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

hitherto: Read
ad.
to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

homogeneous: Read
a. Syn. uniform; similar
of the same or similar nature or kind

hose: Read
n.
a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas

hover: Read
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

humidity: Read
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
dampness; moisture

hurl: Read
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
throw with great force; cast; toss

hypothesis: Read
n. Syn. assumption; theory
assumption; theory

hysterical: Read
a.
marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion; affected, or troubled, with fear or panic