Free Online Vocabulary Test
K12, SAT, GRE, IELTS, TOEFL
Quick Access Resources:
Print PDF Quiz/Test Online Study
 Group (1) - Words of the GroupNext    
Manage & Mark Words:
Note Panel
Exercise on Demand:
Match Quiz Spell
Make PDF List & Card:
Word List Card Flashcard

TOEIC Reading Vocabulary (1)

View all words of the list        
acquisition
adolescent
adverse
aesthetic
affiliate
afflict
aggravate
agitation
alleviate
amends
anonymous
appraisal
articulate
ascertain
ascribe
assault
assert
asset
assimilate
attorney
augment
authentic
avail
avert
baffle
barren
batch
bizarre
bleak
blunder
blunt
bonus
brace
brittle
capsule
casualty
ceramic
cereal
commentary
commitment
commute
compatible
competence
compile
compulsory
concede
conceive
concession
concise
confer
configuration
conform
confusion
consecutive
consensus
conserve
conspicuous
constituent
constrain
consultant
contaminate
contemplate
contempt
contend
contradict
contrive
controversial
controversy
converge
convict
cordial
corps
corrode
corrupt
costume
courtesy
cripple
criterion
crucial
culminate
cumulative
curb
curt
cynical
deficit
degenerate
deliberate
denote
denounce
depict
designate
despise
deteriorate
diffuse
dilemma
dilute
discern
discrepancy
discrete
disguise
dismay
dispatch
disperse
disposition
disrupt
dissipate
distil
disturbance
divine
drastic
dubious
dwell
eccentric
edible
ego
elicit
elite
eloquent
embark
empirical
endow
enhance
ensue
entail
entity
entrepreneur
envisage
epoch
equilibrium
erosion
erroneous
escort
essence
ethics
ethnic
evoke
exemplify
exempt
exotic
expertise
explicit
exposition
exquisite
extinct
extinguish
fabricate
facet
facilitate
feeble
flap
fling
fluctuate
flutter
foam
foil
formidable
formulate
fort
fossil
foster
foul
fracture
fraud
fringe
frustrate
galaxy
gaol
garment
gear
glide
gloomy
gorgeous
gossip
graze
grease
grief
grieve
grim
hamper
hatch
haul
haunt
heal
heave
heir
heritage
hierarchy
hinder
hinge
hitherto
homogeneous
hose
hover
humidity
hurl
hypothesis
hysterical

Word and Definition List


acquisition: Read
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(익히 비난 정품 인증) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

adolescent: Read
n.
(스칼렛) a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;

adverse: Read
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
(불리한) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

aesthetic: Read
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
(미학) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

affiliate: Read
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
(제휴 등록) associate; incorporate

afflict: Read
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
(괴롭히다) cause pain, suffering or distress

aggravate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
(악화) worsen; make worse or more troublesome

agitation: Read
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
(동요) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

alleviate: Read
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
(경감) provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

amends: Read
n.
(보상) compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

anonymous: Read
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
(익명) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

appraisal: Read
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
(평가) assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth

articulate: Read
a. Syn. effective; distinct
(또렷하게 표현할) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

ascertain: Read
v. Syn. discover; insure
(확인하다) find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

ascribe: Read
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
(돌리다) inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

assault: Read
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
(폭행) attack; onslaught

assert: Read
v. Syn. declare
(주장) declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

asset: Read
n. Syn. properties; advantage
(자산) properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality

assimilate: Read
v. Syn. absorb
(동화) incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble

attorney: Read
n. Syn. lawyer
(변호사) lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

augment: Read
v. Syn. increase
(확대) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

authentic: Read
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
(정통) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

avail: Read
v. Syn. profit; promote
(소용) turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote

avert: Read
v. Syn. prevent
(막기) prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

baffle: Read
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
(배��) frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

barren: Read
a. Syn. desolate
(기술 불모) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

batch: Read
n.
(배치) quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together

bizarre: Read
a. Syn. fantastic
(기괴한) fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance

bleak: Read
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
(의기소침한) cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable

blunder: Read
n. Syn. error
(이 끊긴) serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: Read
a. Syn. insensitive
(이 무딘) having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

bonus: Read
n.
(보너스) an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation

brace: Read
n.
(브레 이스) something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

brittle: Read
a.
(접근) easily broken; having little elasticity

capsule: Read
n. Syn. pill
(캡슐) small container; pill in form of small rounded gelatinous; shortened version of a written work

casualty: Read
n.
(사상자) serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident

ceramic: Read
a.
(도자기) of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.

cereal: Read
n.
(시리얼) grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.

commentary: Read
n.
(논평) written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material

commitment: Read
n.
(헌신) pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

commute: Read
v.
(출퇴근) obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; travel regularly from a place of residence to another place

compatible: Read
a. Syn. harmonious
(가능) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

competence: Read
n.
(경쟁) quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually

compile: Read
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
(컴파일) put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

compulsory: Read
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
(의무) mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

concede: Read
v. Syn. admit; yield
(꾸미다) admit; yield; give up physical control of another

conceive: Read
v. Syn. design; consider
(임신) form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way

concession: Read
n.
(양보) act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission

concise: Read
a. Syn. succinct; terse
(간결한) brief and compact; expressing much in few words

confer: Read
v.
(부여) bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

configuration: Read
n.
(구성) arrangement of parts or elements; outline

conform: Read
v.
(준수) comply with; follow; fit; meet

confusion: Read
n.
(혼동) mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order

consecutive: Read
a. Syn. successive; sequential
(연속) following one after another without interruption; sequential

consensus: Read
n. Syn. Agreement; accord
(합의) general agreement or accord; opinion reached by a group as a whole

conserve: Read
v. Syn. retain; preserve
(보존) retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste

conspicuous: Read
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
(이채) noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

constituent: Read
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
(구성) component or part; citizen, voter

constrain: Read
v. Syn. restrain; confine
(제약) restrain; keep within close bounds; confine

consultant: Read
n.
(포함) an expert who gives advice

contaminate: Read
v. Syn. taint; pollute; defile
(오염) make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile

contemplate: Read
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
(명상) look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contempt: Read
n. Syn. disgrace
(경멸) state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contend: Read
v.
(주장) strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for

contradict: Read
v. Syn. confront; oppose
(반대) confront; oppose

contrive: Read
v.
(꾸미다) form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design

controversial: Read
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
(논쟁) controvertible; disputable

controversy: Read
n. Syn. contention; argument
(논쟁) contentious speech act; argument

converge: Read
v. Syn. approach
(수렴) approach; tend to meet; come together

convict: Read
v.
(죄수) find or declare guilty

cordial: Read
a. Syn. gracious
(코디얼) gracious; showing warm and friendliness

corps: Read
n.
(군단) an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions; a body of people associated together

corrode: Read
v.
(부식) destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away

corrupt: Read
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
(부패) changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted

costume: Read
n. Syn. dress; attire
(의상) dress; attire; aset of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season

courtesy: Read
n.
(예의) polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact

cripple: Read
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
(장애인) person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb

criterion: Read
n.
(임계) standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test

crucial: Read
a.
(원유) of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

culminate: Read
v.
(절정에 달하다) reach the highest or most decisive point; rise to summit

cumulative: Read
a.
(누적) increasing by successive addition

curb: Read
v.
(보도) bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

curt: Read
a.
(커트) having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner

cynical: Read
a.
(냉소) skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic

deficit: Read
n. Syn. shortfall; shortage
(적자) inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage

degenerate: Read
v. Syn. deteriorate
(타락한) become worse; decline; fall

deliberate: Read
v. Syn. consider; ponder
(고의) consider; think about carefully; weigh

denote: Read
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
(상징) indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

denounce: Read
v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
(비난하다) condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

depict: Read
v. Syn. portray; describe
(축도) represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

designate: Read
v. Syn. nominate; assign; name
(지정) indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

despise: Read
v.
(경멸) dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn

deteriorate: Read
v. Syn. decline
(저하) become worse; decline

diffuse: Read
v.
(확산) spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely

dilemma: Read
n. Syn. predicament
(딜레마) predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options

dilute: Read
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
(희석) weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

discern: Read
v. Syn. detect; perceive
(분별) detect; perceive

discrepancy: Read
n. Syn. difference
(차이) lack of consistency; difference

discrete: Read
a. Syn. separate; distinct
(이 매각하다) separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts

disguise: Read
n.
(위장) dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception

dismay: Read
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
(골칫거리인이) destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

dispatch: Read
n. Syn. expedition; sending off
(파견) act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

disperse: Read
v. Syn. scatter
(분산을 얼룩말) move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

disposition: Read
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
(처분) natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

disrupt: Read
v. Syn. upset; interrupt
(혼란) upset; throw into confusion or disorder

dissipate: Read
v. Syn. waste; scatter
(낭비) spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse

distil: Read
v.
(증류) drop; fall in drops; flow in a small stream

disturbance: Read
n. Syn. disorder; turmoil
(소동) disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder

divine: Read
v.
(신성) perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity

drastic: Read
a. Syn. radical; severe
(과감한) radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

dubious: Read
a. Syn. questionable
(모호한) questionable; filled with doubt

dwell: Read
v. Syn. reside; inhabit
(면만) live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

eccentric: Read
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
(편심) departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

edible: Read
a. Syn. eatable
(식용) eatable; substance that can be used as food

ego: Read
n.
(자아) self, especially as distinct from the world and other selves; exaggerated sense of self-importance

elicit: Read
v. Syn. provoke
(유도) draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

elite: Read
n.
(엘리트) a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

eloquent: Read
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
(웅변) vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

embark: Read
v. Syn. commence
(승선) commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey

empirical: Read
a.
(경험적) derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

endow: Read
v. Syn. grant; award
(부여) grant; award; give qualities or abilities to

enhance: Read
v. Syn. increase; improve
(음란 강화) make better or more attractive; increase; improve

ensue: Read
v. Syn. follow
(뒤이어 일어나다) pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

entail: Read
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
(수반) imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way

entity: Read
n.
(단체) real being; something that exists as a particular and discrete unit; fact of existence

entrepreneur: Read
n. Syn. businessperson; enterprise
(기업) person who organizes and operates a business; contractor

envisage: Read
v.
(직시하다) look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way

epoch: Read
n. Syn. era
(시대) particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable

equilibrium: Read
n. Syn. balance
(평형) mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives

erosion: Read
n. Syn. corrosion
(침식) corrosion; a gradual decline of something

erroneous: Read
a. Syn. mistaken; wrong
(말세) containing or derived from error; mistaken

escort: Read
n.
(호위) one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey

essence: Read
n.
(에센스) most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

ethics: Read
n. Syn. morals; principles
(윤리) morals; study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct.

ethnic: Read
a. Syn. racial
(소수 민족) relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage

evoke: Read
v. Syn. bring out; arouse
(연상) bring out; arouse; call forth

exemplify: Read
v. Syn. embody
(예시) serve as an example of; embody

exempt: Read
a.
(면제) not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation

exotic: Read
a. Syn. strange
(이색) from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual

expertise: Read
n. Syn. skill
(규정) specialized knowledge; expert skill

explicit: Read
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
(조명 담금질) precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exposition: Read
n.
(박람회) exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

exquisite: Read
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
(아름다운) excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating

extinct: Read
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
(멸종) no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

extinguish: Read
v.
(소화) quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy

fabricate: Read
v. Syn. build
(조작) build; put together out of components or parts

facet: Read
n. Syn. side
(일면) small, smooth, flat surface, as on a bone or tooth; side; a smooth surface

facilitate: Read
v. Syn. promote; expedite
(촉진) help bring about; make less difficult

feeble: Read
a. Syn. weak; frail
(거미) lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail

flap: Read
n.
(플랩) flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap

fling: Read
v. Syn. discard
(날뛰는) throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt

fluctuate: Read
v. Syn. waver; shift
(변동) rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

flutter: Read
v.
(떨림) vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner

foam: Read
n.
(거품) white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids

foil: Read
v. Syn. hinder
(호일) prevent from being successful

formidable: Read
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
(무서운) arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat

formulate: Read
v. Syn. policy; theory
(공식화) decide upon and express in words

fort: Read
n. Syn. fortress; stronghold
(요새) a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post

fossil: Read
n. Syn. remnant
(화석) remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age

foster: Read
v. Syn. rear
(육성) rear; promote the growth of; help develop

foul: Read
n. Syn. disgusting; filthy
(파울) act that violates of the rules of a sport

fracture: Read
v. Syn. break; crack
(골절) break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse

fraud: Read
n.
(사기) getting money by lying or cheating; something intended to deceive

fringe: Read
n. Syn. margin; periphery
(프린지) margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band

frustrate: Read
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
(좌절) make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment

galaxy: Read
n.
(은하계) large, isolated system of stars, as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities

gaol: Read
n. Syn. jail
(교도소) place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment

garment: Read
n.
(의류) any article of clothing, as coat or gown

gear: Read
n.
(기어) toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction

glide: Read
v. Syn. slide; slip
(글라이드) slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner

gloomy: Read
a. Syn. dusky; dim
(우울) imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded

gorgeous: Read
a. Syn. beautiful; magnificent
(화려한) dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent

gossip: Read
n. Syn. rumor
(잡담) rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions

graze: Read
v. Syn. feed
(스친) scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage

grease: Read
n.
(그리스) oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things

grief: Read
n.
(슬픔) pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness

grieve: Read
v.
(절망) cause to be sorrowful; distress

grim: Read
a.
(어두운) unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding

hamper: Read
v. Syn. obstruct
(타락) put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of

hatch: Read
v. Syn. breed
(해치) breed; emerge from the egg

haul: Read
v. Syn. transport; drag
(정규직) draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction

haunt: Read
v. Syn. torment; bother; disturb
(괴롭힐테야) be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb

heal: Read
v. Syn. cure
(치유) cure; make or get healthy again

heave: Read
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
(쉬다) cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

heir: Read
n. Syn. descendent; offspring
(후손) person who inherits some title or office

heritage: Read
n. Syn. legacy; bequest; tradition
(문화 유산) legacy; something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition

hierarchy: Read
n. Syn. class; order
(계층) arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked

hinder: Read
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
(방해) put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

hinge: Read
n.
(경첩) a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

hitherto: Read
ad.
(역사) to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

homogeneous: Read
a. Syn. uniform; similar
(균질) of the same or similar nature or kind

hose: Read
n.
(호스) a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas

hover: Read
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
(마우스를 가져가면) hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

humidity: Read
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
(습도) dampness; moisture

hurl: Read
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
(헐링 스틱) throw with great force; cast; toss

hypothesis: Read
n. Syn. assumption; theory
(가설) assumption; theory

hysterical: Read
a.
(히스테리) marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion; affected, or troubled, with fear or panic