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TOEIC Reading Vocabulary (1)

View all words of the list        
acquisition
adolescent
adverse
aesthetic
affiliate
afflict
aggravate
agitation
alleviate
amends
anonymous
appraisal
articulate
ascertain
ascribe
assault
assert
asset
assimilate
attorney
augment
authentic
avail
avert
baffle
barren
batch
bizarre
bleak
blunder
blunt
bonus
brace
brittle
capsule
casualty
ceramic
cereal
commentary
commitment
commute
compatible
competence
compile
compulsory
concede
conceive
concession
concise
confer
configuration
conform
confusion
consecutive
consensus
conserve
conspicuous
constituent
constrain
consultant
contaminate
contemplate
contempt
contend
contradict
contrive
controversial
controversy
converge
convict
cordial
corps
corrode
corrupt
costume
courtesy
cripple
criterion
crucial
culminate
cumulative
curb
curt
cynical
deficit
degenerate
deliberate
denote
denounce
depict
designate
despise
deteriorate
diffuse
dilemma
dilute
discern
discrepancy
discrete
disguise
dismay
dispatch
disperse
disposition
disrupt
dissipate
distil
disturbance
divine
drastic
dubious
dwell
eccentric
edible
ego
elicit
elite
eloquent
embark
empirical
endow
enhance
ensue
entail
entity
entrepreneur
envisage
epoch
equilibrium
erosion
erroneous
escort
essence
ethics
ethnic
evoke
exemplify
exempt
exotic
expertise
explicit
exposition
exquisite
extinct
extinguish
fabricate
facet
facilitate
feeble
flap
fling
fluctuate
flutter
foam
foil
formidable
formulate
fort
fossil
foster
foul
fracture
fraud
fringe
frustrate
galaxy
gaol
garment
gear
glide
gloomy
gorgeous
gossip
graze
grease
grief
grieve
grim
hamper
hatch
haul
haunt
heal
heave
heir
heritage
hierarchy
hinder
hinge
hitherto
homogeneous
hose
hover
humidity
hurl
hypothesis
hysterical

Word and Definition List


acquisition: Read
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(mua) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

adolescent: Read
n.
(vị thành niên) a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;

adverse: Read
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
(bất lợi) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

aesthetic: Read
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
(thẩm mỹ) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

affiliate: Read
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
(liên kết) associate; incorporate

afflict: Read
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
(ức hiếp) cause pain, suffering or distress

aggravate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
(nặng) worsen; make worse or more troublesome

agitation: Read
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
(kích động) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

alleviate: Read
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
(giảm) provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

amends: Read
n.
(sửa đổi) compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

anonymous: Read
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
(vô danh) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

appraisal: Read
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
(thẩm định) assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth

articulate: Read
a. Syn. effective; distinct
(rõ) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

ascertain: Read
v. Syn. discover; insure
(xác định) find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

ascribe: Read
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
(gán) inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

assault: Read
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
(tấn công) attack; onslaught

assert: Read
v. Syn. declare
(khẳng định) declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

asset: Read
n. Syn. properties; advantage
(tài sản) properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality

assimilate: Read
v. Syn. absorb
(đồng hóa) incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble

attorney: Read
n. Syn. lawyer
(luật sư) lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

augment: Read
v. Syn. increase
(tăng) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

authentic: Read
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
(xác thực) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

avail: Read
v. Syn. profit; promote
(tận) turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote

avert: Read
v. Syn. prevent
(tránh) prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

baffle: Read
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
(vách ngăn) frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

barren: Read
a. Syn. desolate
(cằn cỗi) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

batch: Read
n.
(hàng loạt) quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together

bizarre: Read
a. Syn. fantastic
(kỳ dị) fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance

bleak: Read
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
(ảm đạm) cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable

blunder: Read
n. Syn. error
(sai lầm) serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: Read
a. Syn. insensitive
(cùn) having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

bonus: Read
n.
(thưởng) an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation

brace: Read
n.
(nẹp) something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

brittle: Read
a.
(giòn) easily broken; having little elasticity

capsule: Read
n. Syn. pill
(viên nang) small container; pill in form of small rounded gelatinous; shortened version of a written work

casualty: Read
n.
(nạn nhân) serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident

ceramic: Read
a.
(gốm) of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.

cereal: Read
n.
(ngũ cốc) grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.

commentary: Read
n.
(bình luận) written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material

commitment: Read
n.
(cam kết) pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

commute: Read
v.
(đi lại) obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; travel regularly from a place of residence to another place

compatible: Read
a. Syn. harmonious
(tương thích) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

competence: Read
n.
(thẩm quyền) quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually

compile: Read
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
(biên dịch) put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

compulsory: Read
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
(bắt buộc) mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

concede: Read
v. Syn. admit; yield
(thừa nhận) admit; yield; give up physical control of another

conceive: Read
v. Syn. design; consider
(thụ thai) form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way

concession: Read
n.
(nhượng) act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission

concise: Read
a. Syn. succinct; terse
(súc tích) brief and compact; expressing much in few words

confer: Read
v.
(tặng) bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

configuration: Read
n.
(cấu hình) arrangement of parts or elements; outline

conform: Read
v.
(phù hợp) comply with; follow; fit; meet

confusion: Read
n.
(lẫn lộn) mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order

consecutive: Read
a. Syn. successive; sequential
(liên tiếp) following one after another without interruption; sequential

consensus: Read
n. Syn. Agreement; accord
(nhất trí) general agreement or accord; opinion reached by a group as a whole

conserve: Read
v. Syn. retain; preserve
(bảo tồn) retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste

conspicuous: Read
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
(dễ thấy) noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

constituent: Read
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
(thành phần) component or part; citizen, voter

constrain: Read
v. Syn. restrain; confine
(hạn chế) restrain; keep within close bounds; confine

consultant: Read
n.
(Tư vấn) an expert who gives advice

contaminate: Read
v. Syn. taint; pollute; defile
(ô nhiễm) make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile

contemplate: Read
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
(chiêm ngưỡng) look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contempt: Read
n. Syn. disgrace
(khinh) state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contend: Read
v.
(tranh) strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for

contradict: Read
v. Syn. confront; oppose
(mâu thuẫn) confront; oppose

contrive: Read
v.
(mưu) form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design

controversial: Read
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
(cãi) controvertible; disputable

controversy: Read
n. Syn. contention; argument
(cãi) contentious speech act; argument

converge: Read
v. Syn. approach
(hội tụ) approach; tend to meet; come together

convict: Read
v.
(tội phạm) find or declare guilty

cordial: Read
a. Syn. gracious
(thân mật) gracious; showing warm and friendliness

corps: Read
n.
(đoàn) an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions; a body of people associated together

corrode: Read
v.
(gặm mòn) destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away

corrupt: Read
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
(hỏng) changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted

costume: Read
n. Syn. dress; attire
(trang phục) dress; attire; aset of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season

courtesy: Read
n.
(lịch sự) polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact

cripple: Read
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
(tàn tật) person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb

criterion: Read
n.
(tiêu chuẩn) standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test

crucial: Read
a.
(quan trọng) of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

culminate: Read
v.
(gai góc) reach the highest or most decisive point; rise to summit

cumulative: Read
a.
(tích lũy) increasing by successive addition

curb: Read
v.
(lề đường) bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

curt: Read
a.
(curt) having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner

cynical: Read
a.
(hoài nghi) skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic

deficit: Read
n. Syn. shortfall; shortage
(thâm hụt) inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage

degenerate: Read
v. Syn. deteriorate
(thoái hóa) become worse; decline; fall

deliberate: Read
v. Syn. consider; ponder
(chủ ý) consider; think about carefully; weigh

denote: Read
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
(biểu thị) indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

denounce: Read
v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
(tố cáo) condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

depict: Read
v. Syn. portray; describe
(miêu tả) represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

designate: Read
v. Syn. nominate; assign; name
(chỉ định) indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

despise: Read
v.
(khinh) dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn

deteriorate: Read
v. Syn. decline
(xấu) become worse; decline

diffuse: Read
v.
(khuếch tán) spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely

dilemma: Read
n. Syn. predicament
(tiến thoái lưỡng nan) predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options

dilute: Read
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
(pha loãng) weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

discern: Read
v. Syn. detect; perceive
(phân biệt) detect; perceive

discrepancy: Read
n. Syn. difference
(khác biệt) lack of consistency; difference

discrete: Read
a. Syn. separate; distinct
(rời rạc) separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts

disguise: Read
n.
(cải trang) dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception

dismay: Read
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
(mất tinh thần) destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

dispatch: Read
n. Syn. expedition; sending off
(văn) act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

disperse: Read
v. Syn. scatter
(giải tán) move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

disposition: Read
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
(đoạt) natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

disrupt: Read
v. Syn. upset; interrupt
(phá rối) upset; throw into confusion or disorder

dissipate: Read
v. Syn. waste; scatter
(tiêu tan) spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse

distil: Read
v.
(chưng cất) drop; fall in drops; flow in a small stream

disturbance: Read
n. Syn. disorder; turmoil
(xáo trộn) disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder

divine: Read
v.
(thần thánh) perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity

drastic: Read
a. Syn. radical; severe
(quyết liệt) radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

dubious: Read
a. Syn. questionable
(mơ hồ) questionable; filled with doubt

dwell: Read
v. Syn. reside; inhabit
(ngự) live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

eccentric: Read
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
(lập dị) departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

edible: Read
a. Syn. eatable
(ăn) eatable; substance that can be used as food

ego: Read
n.
(ngã) self, especially as distinct from the world and other selves; exaggerated sense of self-importance

elicit: Read
v. Syn. provoke
(gợi) draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

elite: Read
n.
(tầng lớp) a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

eloquent: Read
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
(hùng hồn) vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

embark: Read
v. Syn. commence
(bắt tay) commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey

empirical: Read
a.
(thực nghiệm) derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

endow: Read
v. Syn. grant; award
(ưu đai) grant; award; give qualities or abilities to

enhance: Read
v. Syn. increase; improve
(nâng cao) make better or more attractive; increase; improve

ensue: Read
v. Syn. follow
(xảy) pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

entail: Read
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
(kéo theo) imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way

entity: Read
n.
(thực thể) real being; something that exists as a particular and discrete unit; fact of existence

entrepreneur: Read
n. Syn. businessperson; enterprise
(doanh nhân) person who organizes and operates a business; contractor

envisage: Read
v.
(dự tính) look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way

epoch: Read
n. Syn. era
(kỷ nguyên) particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable

equilibrium: Read
n. Syn. balance
(cân bằng) mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives

erosion: Read
n. Syn. corrosion
(xói mòn) corrosion; a gradual decline of something

erroneous: Read
a. Syn. mistaken; wrong
(sai lầm) containing or derived from error; mistaken

escort: Read
n.
(hộ tống) one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journey

essence: Read
n.
(bản chất) most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

ethics: Read
n. Syn. morals; principles
(đạo đức) morals; study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct.

ethnic: Read
a. Syn. racial
(dân tộc) relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage

evoke: Read
v. Syn. bring out; arouse
(gợi) bring out; arouse; call forth

exemplify: Read
v. Syn. embody
(hình mẫu) serve as an example of; embody

exempt: Read
a.
(miễn) not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation

exotic: Read
a. Syn. strange
(lạ) from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual

expertise: Read
n. Syn. skill
(chuyên môn) specialized knowledge; expert skill

explicit: Read
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
(rõ ràng) precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exposition: Read
n.
(trình bày) exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

exquisite: Read
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
(tinh tế) excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating

extinct: Read
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
(tuyệt chủng) no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

extinguish: Read
v.
(dập tắt) quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy

fabricate: Read
v. Syn. build
(chế tạo) build; put together out of components or parts

facet: Read
n. Syn. side
(mặt) small, smooth, flat surface, as on a bone or tooth; side; a smooth surface

facilitate: Read
v. Syn. promote; expedite
(tạo điều kiện) help bring about; make less difficult

feeble: Read
a. Syn. weak; frail
(yếu ớt) lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail

flap: Read
n.
(nắp) flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap

fling: Read
v. Syn. discard
(fling) throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abrupt

fluctuate: Read
v. Syn. waver; shift
(biến động) rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

flutter: Read
v.
(rung) vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner

foam: Read
n.
(bọt) white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids

foil: Read
v. Syn. hinder
(lá) prevent from being successful

formidable: Read
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
(ghê gớm) arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat

formulate: Read
v. Syn. policy; theory
(Xây dựng) decide upon and express in words

fort: Read
n. Syn. fortress; stronghold
(pháo đài) a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post

fossil: Read
n. Syn. remnant
(hóa thạch) remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age

foster: Read
v. Syn. rear
(nuôi) rear; promote the growth of; help develop

foul: Read
n. Syn. disgusting; filthy
(hôi) act that violates of the rules of a sport

fracture: Read
v. Syn. break; crack
(gãy) break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse

fraud: Read
n.
(gian lận) getting money by lying or cheating; something intended to deceive

fringe: Read
n. Syn. margin; periphery
(rìa) margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band

frustrate: Read
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
(frustrate) make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment

galaxy: Read
n.
(thiên hà) large, isolated system of stars, as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities

gaol: Read
n. Syn. jail
(tù) place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment

garment: Read
n.
(may) any article of clothing, as coat or gown

gear: Read
n.
(bánh) toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction

glide: Read
v. Syn. slide; slip
(lướt) slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner

gloomy: Read
a. Syn. dusky; dim
(ảm đạm) imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded

gorgeous: Read
a. Syn. beautiful; magnificent
(đẹp) dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent

gossip: Read
n. Syn. rumor
(gossip) rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions

graze: Read
v. Syn. feed
(gặm) scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage

grease: Read
n.
(mỡ) oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things

grief: Read
n.
(đau buồn) pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness

grieve: Read
v.
(đau buồn) cause to be sorrowful; distress

grim: Read
a.
(nghiệt ngã) unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding

hamper: Read
v. Syn. obstruct
(cản trở) put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of

hatch: Read
v. Syn. breed
(nở) breed; emerge from the egg

haul: Read
v. Syn. transport; drag
(chở) draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction

haunt: Read
v. Syn. torment; bother; disturb
(ám ảnh) be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb

heal: Read
v. Syn. cure
(lành) cure; make or get healthy again

heave: Read
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
(dơ lên) cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

heir: Read
n. Syn. descendent; offspring
(thừa kế) person who inherits some title or office

heritage: Read
n. Syn. legacy; bequest; tradition
(di sản) legacy; something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition

hierarchy: Read
n. Syn. class; order
(hệ thống phân cấp) arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked

hinder: Read
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
(cản trở) put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

hinge: Read
n.
(bản lề) a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

hitherto: Read
ad.
(cho đến nay) to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

homogeneous: Read
a. Syn. uniform; similar
(đồng nhất) of the same or similar nature or kind

hose: Read
n.
(vòi) a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas

hover: Read
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
(di) hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

humidity: Read
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
(ẩm) dampness; moisture

hurl: Read
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
(quăn) throw with great force; cast; toss

hypothesis: Read
n. Syn. assumption; theory
(giả thuyết) assumption; theory

hysterical: Read
a.
(kích động) marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion; affected, or troubled, with fear or panic