Personal Pronoun and Possessive pronoun

Personal pronoun and possessive pronoun key concepts, use cases, and examples, including subjective case and objective case, possessive adjective and possessive noun, and some special words.

Note Topics:MorphologyThe NounThe ArticleThe Pronoun
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Personal Pronoun and Possessive Pronoun
1. Personal Pronoun
Subjective CaseIyouhe she itweyouthey
Objective Casemeyouhim her itusyouthem

1.1 Personal pronoun as subject : In general, use subjective case as subject, but also use objective case in speaking.

For examples:
  • I am happy you come here.
  • We are both from the south.
  • Who get it? Me. (Objective case as subject in speaking.)
  • She is cleverer than me. (Objective case as subject in speaking.)

1.2 Personal pronoun as object : Always use objective case. (Including used as preposition object.)

For examples:
  • Tell her to call back a little later.
  • She has great concern for us. (preposition object)

1.3 Personal pronoun as predictive : Usually use objective case in speaking, but in normal English, it should be subjective case.

For examples:
  • If I were her, I'd take the job. (Objective case as subject in speaking)
  • It's me who broke it. (Objective case as subject in speaking)
  • If I were she, I'd take the job.
  • It's I who broke it.

1.4 Special uses of "it" : "it" may have separate meanings in different context.

For examples:
  • What a beautiful baby, is it a boy? (Somebody without knowing gender.)
  • Look at that bird, it comes to my window. (Something except people)
  • You did a great job, we never forget it. (Any abstract thing)
  • Does it itch much? (Feeling)
  • Where does it hurt? (Feeling)
  • What time is it? (Time)
  • It will be the first of April. (Date)
  • How far is it to New York? (Distance)
  • It's raining now. (Weather)
  • It's so quiet in the room. (Environment)
  • In winter it's dark in at 5 o'clock. (Air)
  • Who is it? It's me. (Answer phone)

1.5 Special uses of "she" : "she" may have separate meanings besides woman.

For examples:
  • I stroked the cat and she rubbed against my leg. (Female animal)
  • She is a nice ship. (Ship, vehicle)
  • Canada has done what she promised to do. (Country)

1.6 Special uses of "we", "you", "they" : They may be used to represent general or unspecific people by context.

For examples:
  • We all have merits.
    (People all have merits.)
  • You need to consider all factors.
    (People -listeners or readers- need to consider all factors.)
  • They say price are going to increase again.
    (People -some or other people- say price are going to increase again.)
2. Possessive pronoun
As Adjectivemyyourhis her itsouryourtheir
As nounmineyourshis hers itsoursyourstheirs

2.1 Possessive pronoun as attribute : The first row's possessive pronouns act as adjective, called possessive adjective, and are part of attribute.

For examples:
  • Is this your seat?
  • The government has changed its policy.
Besides, possessive adjective can use with "own" to form a noun phrase, which can be used as attribute, predictive, and object.

For examples:
  • I write for my own thought. (Attribute)
  • Virtue is its own reward. (Attribute)
  • My time isn't my own. (Predictive)
  • It's his friend's car, not his own. (Predictive)
  • Their views are similar to our own. (Object)

2.2 Possessive pronoun as subject, object, and predictive : The second row's possessive pronouns act as noun, called possessive noun.

For examples:
  • Is this your book or mine? (Predictive)
  • Yours is on the shelf. (Subject)
  • I like yours better than ours. (Object)

2.3 Possessive pronoun after "of" : Possessive noun cab be with "of" directly; as for possessive adjective, we should add "own" to build a noun phrase at first, then use with "of". Notice the tiny differences among them.

For examples:
  • I borrowed a tie of his.
    I borrowed a tie of his own.
    I borrowed his tie.
  • He is a admirer of yours.
    He is a admirer of your own.
    He is your admirer.
  • We have children of ours.
    We have children of our own.
    We have our children.
  • I build a lab of mine.
    I build a lab of my own.
    I build my lab.