Personal Pronoun and Possessive pronoun

 By Jiabao Hors
Personal Pronoun and Possessive Pronoun
1. Personal Pronoun
SingularPlural
Subjective CaseIyouhe she itweyouthey
Objective Casemeyouhim her itusyouthem


1.1 Personal pronoun as subject : In general, use subjective case as subject, but also use objective case in speaking.

For examples:
  • I am happy you come here.
  • We are both from the south.
  • Who get it? Me. (Objective case as subject in speaking.)
  • She is cleverer than me. (Objective case as subject in speaking.)

1.2 Personal pronoun as object : Always use objective case. (Including used as preposition object.)

For examples:
  • Tell her to call back a little later.
  • She has great concern for us. (preposition object)

1.3 Personal pronoun as predictive : Usually use objective case in speaking, but in normal English, it should be subjective case.

For examples:
  • If I were her, I'd take the job. (Objective case as subject in speaking)
  • It's me who broke it. (Objective case as subject in speaking)
  • If I were she, I'd take the job.
  • It's I who broke it.

1.4 Special uses of "it" : "it" may have separate meanings in different context.

For examples:
  • What a beautiful baby, is it a boy? (Somebody without knowing gender.)
  • Look at that bird, it comes to my window. (Something except people)
  • You did a great job, we never forget it. (Any abstract thing)
  • Does it itch much? (Feeling)
  • Where does it hurt? (Feeling)
  • What time is it? (Time)
  • It will be the first of April. (Date)
  • How far is it to New York? (Distance)
  • It's raining now. (Weather)
  • It's so quiet in the room. (Environment)
  • In winter it's dark in at 5 o'clock. (Air)
  • Who is it? It's me. (Answer phone)

1.5 Special uses of "she" : "she" may have separate meanings besides woman.

For examples:
  • I stroked the cat and she rubbed against my leg. (Female animal)
  • She is a nice ship. (Ship, vehicle)
  • Canada has done what she promised to do. (Country)

1.6 Special uses of "we", "you", "they" : They may be used to represent general or unspecific people by context.

For examples:
  • We all have merits.
    (People all have merits.)
  • You need to consider all factors.
    (People -listeners or readers- need to consider all factors.)
  • They say price are going to increase again.
    (People -some or other people- say price are going to increase again.)
2. Possessive pronoun
As Adjectivemyyourhis her itsouryourtheir
As nounmineyourshis hers itsoursyourstheirs


2.1 Possessive pronoun as attribute : The first row's possessive pronouns act as adjective, called possessive adjective, and are part of attribute.

For examples:
  • Is this your seat?
  • The government has changed its policy.
Besides, possessive adjective can use with "own" to form a noun phrase, which can be used as attribute, predictive, and object.

For examples:
  • I write for my own thought. (Attribute)
  • Virtue is its own reward. (Attribute)
  • My time isn't my own. (Predictive)
  • It's his friend's car, not his own. (Predictive)
  • Their views are similar to our own. (Object)

2.2 Possessive pronoun as subject, object, and predictive : The second row's possessive pronouns act as noun, called possessive noun.

For examples:
  • Is this your book or mine? (Predictive)
  • Yours is on the shelf. (Subject)
  • I like yours better than ours. (Object)

2.3 Possessive pronoun after "of" : Possessive noun cab be with "of" directly; as for possessive adjective, we should add "own" to build a noun phrase at first, then use with "of". Notice the tiny differences among them.

For examples:
  • I borrowed a tie of his.
    I borrowed a tie of his own.
    I borrowed his tie.
  • He is a admirer of yours.
    He is a admirer of your own.
    He is your admirer.
  • We have children of ours.
    We have children of our own.
    We have our children.
  • I build a lab of mine.
    I build a lab of my own.
    I build my lab.