Hard Words with Meaning and Sentence

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Hard Words with Meaning and Sentence (Group 1)

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Word and Definition List
abjure   Speak
/æb'dʒʊə(r)/ v. Syn. renounce; abandon
(تتخلى) renounce upon oath; abandon forever
He will abjure his allegiance to the king.
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abrogate   Speak
/'æbroʊgeɪt/ a. Syn. abolish
(تلغي) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.
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acumen   Speak
/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
(الفطنة) mental keenness; quickness of perception
However, her team's political acumen is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor.
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adumbrate   Speak
/'ædʌmbreɪt/ v. Syn. overshadow; shade
(طلل) give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
Her constant complaining about the job would adumbrate her intent to leave.
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alacrity   Speak
/ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n.
(الملحد الهمة) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.
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anathema   Speak
/ə'næθəmə/ n.
(لعنة) solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words.
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antipathy   Speak
/æn'tɪpəθɪ/ n. Syn. aversion; dislike
(الكراهية) strong feeling of aversion; dislike
Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife.
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approbation   Speak
/æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval
(استحسان) expression of warm approval; praise
She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them.
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arrogate   Speak
/'æroʊgeɪt/ v.
(تنتح��) claim without justification; claim for oneself without right
Lynn watch in astonishments as her coworkers arrogate the credit for her brilliant work in the project.
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ascetic   Speak
/ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe
(التقشف) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.
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assiduous   Speak
/ə'sɪdjʊəs/;/ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. diligent; persistent
(مجتهد) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results.
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boon   Speak
/bu:n/ n. Syn. blessing; benefit
(نعمة) blessing; benefit bestowed, especially in response to a request
The recent rains that filled our empty reservoirs were a boon to the whole community.
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brusque   Speak
/brʊsk/;/brʌsk/ a. Syn. blunt; abrupt
(فظ) abrupt and curt in manner or speech; rudely abrupt, unfriendly
Was Bruce too brusque when he brushed off Bob's request with a curt "Not now!"?
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burnish   Speak
/'bɜrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. polish
(هزلي تلميع) make shiny by rubbing; polish
I burnish the brass fixtures until they reflect the lamplight.
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buttress   Speak
/'bʌtrɪs/ v. Syn. support
(دعم) support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
The attorney came up with several far-fetched arguments in a vain attempt to buttress his weak case.
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cajole   Speak
/kə'dʒoʊl/ v.
(التملق) influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering
Diane tried to cajole her father into letting her drive the family car.
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calumny   Speak
/'kæləmnɪ/ n. Syn. slander
(الافتراء) false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander
He could endure his financial failure, but he could not bear the calumny that his foes heaped upon him.
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capricious   Speak
/kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary
(متقلبة) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly.
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clemency   Speak
/'klɛmənsɪ/ n.
(الرأفة) mildness, as of the weather; merciful, kind, or lenient act
The lawyer was pleased when the case was sent to Judge Smith's chambers because Smith was noted for her clemency toward first offenders.
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cogent   Speak
/'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing
(دبر) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so, including a full-tuition scholarship.
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concomitant   Speak
/kən'kɒmɪtənt/ a. Syn. accompanying
(يصاحب) in conjunction with; accompanying; associated with
These two-sided attributes are known as concomitant characteristics.
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conflagration   Speak
/kɒnflə'greɪʃ(ə)n/ a.
(حريق) large destructive fire; burning; large-scale military conflict
After the conflagration had finally died down, the city center was nothing but a mass of blackened embers.
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conundrum   Speak
/kə'nʌndrəm/ n. Syn. riddle
(لغز) riddle; difficult problem; dilemma
For this reason, the best way out of this conundrum is a political compromise.
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credulity   Speak
/krɪ'dju:lɪtɪ/;/krɪ'du:lɪtɪ/ n.
(سذاجة) readiness of belief; disposition to believe on slight evidence
The rascal lives on the credulity of the people.
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cupidity   Speak
/kju:'pɪdɪtɪ/ n. Syn. greed
(طمع) greed; excessive desire, especially for wealth
The defeated people could not satisfy the cupidity of the conquerors, who demanded excessive tribute.
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cursory   Speak
/'kɜrsərɪ/ a. Syn. casual
(سريعة) casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed
Because a cursory examination of the ruins indicates the possibility of arson, we believe the insurance agency should undertake a more extensive investigation of the fire's cause.
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decry   Speak
/dɪ'kraɪ/ v. Syn. disparage
(انتقاد) express strong disapproval of; disparage
The founder of the Children's Defense Fund, Marian Wright Edelman, would strongly decry the lack of financial and moral support for children in America today.
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defile   Speak
/di:'faɪl/ v. Syn. pollute
(تنجس) pollute; make dirty or spotty
The hoodlums defile the church with their scurrilous writing.
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deleterious   Speak
/dɛlɪ'tɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. harmful
(الضارة) having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
If you believe that smoking is deleterious to your health, then quit!.
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demure   Speak
/dɪ'mjʊə(r)/ a. Syn. grave; serious
(رزين) modest and reserved in manner or behavior
She was demure and reserved, a nice modest girl whom any young man would be proud to take home to his mother.
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deprecate   Speak
/'dɛprɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. belittle
(الخفض) express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy, Miss Post must deprecate the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names.
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deride   Speak
/dɪ'raɪd/ v. Syn. ridicule
(يسخرون) ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
The critics deride his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously.
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desecrate   Speak
/'dɛsɪkreɪt/ v.
(تدنيس) violate with violence, especially to sacred place
Shattering the altar and trampling the holy objects underfoot, the invaders desecrate the sanctuary.
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discursive   Speak
/dɪ'skɜrsɪv/ a.
(استطرادي) tending to depart from main point or cover a wide range of subjects
As the lecturer wandered from topic to topic, we wondered what if any point there was to his discursive remarks.
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dissemble   Speak
/dɪ'sɛmb(ə)l/ v. Syn. disguise; pretend
(راءى) disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of
Even though John tried to dissemble his motive for taking modern dance, we all knew he was there not to dance but to meet girls.
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ebullient   Speak
/ɪ'bʌlɪənt/ a.
(فائر) showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
Amy's ebullient nature could not be repressed; she' was always bubbling over with excitement.
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effrontery   Speak
/ɛ'frʌntərɪ/ n.
(وقاحة) shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and shameless audacity
She had the effrontery to insult the guest.
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egregious   Speak
/ɪ'gri:dʒəs/ a. Syn. notorious
(فظيعة) notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
She was an egregious liar; we all knew better than to believe a word she said.
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enervate   Speak
/'ɛnəveɪt/ v. Syn. weaken
(ضعيف) weaken or destroy strength or vitality of; remove a nerve or part of a nerve
She was slow to recover from her illness; even a short walk to the window would enervate her.
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ephemeral   Speak
/ɪ'fɛmərəl/ a.
(المؤقتة) short-lived; enduring a very short time
The mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life lasts little more than a day.
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eschew   Speak
/ɪs'tʃu:/ v. Syn. avoid; escape
(تجنب) avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand aloof from
Hoping to present himself to his girlfriend as a totally reformed character, he tried to eschew all the vices, especially chewing tobacco and drinking bathtub gin.
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evanescent   Speak
/i:və'nɛs(ə)nt/;/ɛv-/ a. Syn. fleeting; vanishing
(مراوغة) fleeting; vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor
Brandon's satisfaction in his new job was evanescent, for he immediately began to notice its many drawbacks.
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evince   Speak
/ɪ'vɪns/ v. Syn. manifest
(يبدي) show or demonstrate clearly; overcome; conquer
When he tried to answer the questions, I heard he evince his ignorance of the subject matter.
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exculpate   Speak
/'ɛkskʌlpeɪt/ v.
(تبرئة) pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
The court will exculpate him of the crime after the real criminal confesses.
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execrable   Speak
/'ɛksɪkrəb(ə)l/ a.
(مقيت) very bad; extremely inferiorl; intolerable; very hateful
The anecdote was in such execrable taste that it revolted the audience.
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expiate   Speak
/'ɛkspɪeɪt/ v. Syn. atone
(يكفر) make amends or pay the penalty for; relieve or cleanse of guilt
He tried to expiate his crimes by a full confession to the authorities.
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expunge   Speak
/ɛk'spʌndʒ/ v. Syn. cancel; remove
(محو) cancel; remove; erase or strike out
If you behave, I will expunge this notation from your record.
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extant   Speak
/ɛk'stænt/ a.
(موجود) still in existence; not destroyed, lost, or extinct
Although the book is out of print, some copies are still extant. Unfortunately, all of them are in libraries or private collections; none are for sale.
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extol   Speak
/ɪk'stɔl/ v. Syn. praise; glorify
(تمجيد) praise highly; glorify; celebrate
In his speech, the president will extol the astronauts, calling them the pioneers of the Space Age.
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fallacious   Speak
/fə'leɪʃəs/ a. Syn. false; deceptive
(المغالطات) false; tending to mislead; deceptive
Paradoxically, fallacious reasoning does not always yield erroneous results: even though your logic may be faulty, the answer you get may nevertheless be correct.
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fastidious   Speak
/fæ'stɪdɪəs/ a.
(الحساسية) difficult to please; having complicated requirements; excessively particular demanding about details
Bobby was such a fastidious eater that he would eat a sandwich only if his mother first cut off every scrap of crust.
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fatuous   Speak
/'fætjʊəs/ a. Syn. foolish
(سخيف) foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way
He is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks.
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feral   Speak
/'fɪər(ə)l/ a. Syn. wild
(الوحشية) not domestic; wild; existing in wild or untamed state
Abandoned by their owners, dogs may revert to their feral state, roaming the woods in packs.
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fetid   Speak
/'fɛtɪd/ a. Syn. stinking
(نتنة) unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking
These dogs are housed in fetid, dark sheds and barns or left outside in cages exposed to the cold, the heat, the rain and the snow.
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florid   Speak
/'flɒrɪd/;/'flɔ:rɪd/ a. Syn. ruddy; reddish
(مزهر) reddish; elaborately or excessively ornamented
If you go to beach and get a sunburn, your complexion will look florid.
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fractious   Speak
/'frækʃəs/ a. Syn. unruly; disobedient; irritable
(النحيل) inclined to make trouble; disobedient; irritable
Bucking and kicking, the fractious horse unseated its rider.
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garrulous   Speak
/'gærʊləs/ a. Syn. wordy; talkative
(ثرثار) talking much and repetition of unimportant or trivial details
My Uncle Henry can outtalk any three people I know. He is the most garrulous person in Cayuga County.
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gregarious   Speak
/grɪ'gɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. sociable
(قطيعي) sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others
Natural selection in gregarious animals operates upon groups rather than upon individuals.
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hackneyed   Speak
/'hæknɪd/ a. Syn. commonplace
(مبتذل) repeated too often; over familiar through overuse
When the reviewer criticized the movie for its hackneyed plot, we agreed; we had seen similar stories hundreds of times before.
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hapless   Speak
/'hæplɪs/ a.
(التعساء) without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy
His hapless lover was knocked down by a car.
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harangue   Speak
/hə'ræŋ/ n.
(اللغو) noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression
In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.
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harangue   Speak
/hə'ræŋ/ n.
(اللغو) noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression
In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.
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hegemony   Speak
/hɪ'gɛmənɪ/;/'hɛdʒɛmoʊnɪ/ n.
(تلتفت الهيمنة) domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by political group or nation over others
When Germany claimed hegemony over Russia, Stalin was outraged.
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impassive   Speak
/ɪm'pæsɪv/ a.
(صامتا) without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited
Refusing to let the enemy see how deeply shaken he was by his capture, the prisoner kept his face impassive.
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imperious   Speak
/ɪm'pɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. dictatorial
(تحريض) urgent or pressing; able to deal authoritatively; dictatorial
Jane rather liked a man to be masterful, but Mr. Rochester seemed so bent on getting his own way that he was actually imperious!
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impertinent   Speak
/ɪm'pɜrtɪnənt/ a. Syn. rude
(وقح) improperly forward or bold; rude
His neighbors' impertinent curiosity about his lack of dates angered Ted; it was downright rude of them to ask him such personal questions.
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impervious   Speak
/ɪm'pɜrvɪəs/ a. Syn. impenetrable
(منيع) impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed
The carpet salesman told Simone that his most expensive brand of floor covering was warranted to be impervious to ordinary wear and tear.
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impetuous   Speak
/ɪm'pɛtjʊəs/ a. Syn. violent; hasty; rash.
(متهور) marked by sudden and violent force; hasty; impulsive and passionate
I don't believe that "Leap before you look" is the motto suggested by one particularly impetuous young man.
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impinge   Speak
/ɪm'pɪndʒ/ v. Syn. infringe; touch
(تؤثر) infringe; advance beyond usual limit; make physical impact on; touch
How could they be married not to impinge on one another's freedom?.
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implacable   Speak
/ɪm'plækəb(ə)l/ a.
(العنيد) incapable of being pacified; not to be relieved;
Madame Defarge was the implacable enemy of the Evremonde family.
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inchoate   Speak
/'ɪnkoʊət/ a. Syn. rudimentary; elementary
(بدائي) recently begun; imperfectly formed or developed; elementary
Before the Creation, the world was an inchoate mass.
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incontrovertible   Speak
/ɪnkɒntrə'vɜrtɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. indisputable
(لا تقبل الجدل) indisputable; not open to question
Unless you find the evidence against my client absolutely incontrovertible, you must declare her not guilty of this charge.
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indefatigable   Speak
/ɪndɪ'fætɪgəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. tireless
(التي لا تعرف الكلل) tireless; showing sustained enthusiastic action
Although the effort of taking out the garbage tired Wayne out for the entire morning, when it came to partying, he was indefatigable.
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ineffable   Speak
/ɪn'ɛfəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unutterable
(لا يوصف) unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech
Such ineffable joy must be experienced; it cannot be described.
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inexorable   Speak
/ɪn'ɛksərəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unyielding; implacable
(لا يرحم) not capable of being swayed; unyielding; implacable
The judge was inexorable and gave the convicted man the maximum punishment allowed by law.
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ingenuous   Speak
/ɪn'dʒɛnjʊəs/ a. Syn. young; unsophisticated
(السذاجة) naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated
The woodsman had not realized how ingenuous Little Red Riding Hood was until he heard that she had gone off for a walk in the woods with the Big Bad Wolf.
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inimical   Speak
/ɪ'nɪmɪk(ə)l/ a. Syn. unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
(معادية) unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
I've always been friendly to Martha. Why is she so inimical to me?.
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iniquity   Speak
/ɪ'nɪkw(ə)tɪ/ n.
(ظلم) absence of, or deviation from, just dealing; want of rectitude or uprightness; gross injustice; unrighteousness; wickedness
He thought of New York as a den of iniquity.
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insidious   Speak
/ɪn'sɪdɪəs/ a. Syn. treacherous; stealthy; sly
(غدرا) spreading harmfully in a subtle manner; designed or adapted to entrap
More insidious is the whole issue of the second amendment.
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inure   Speak
/ɪ'njʊə(r)/ v. Syn. harden; habituate
(مرس) apply in use; use or accustom till no pain or inconvenience; harden; habituate
Then as it relates to the benefits that we expect to inure from the system itself, let me turn that over to Stan to give you some highlights.
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invective   Speak
/ɪn'vɛktɪv/ n. Syn. abuse
(قدح) abusive language used to express blame or ill will
He had expected criticism but not the invective that greeted his proposal.
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inveterate   Speak
/ɪn'vɛtərət/ a. Syn. habitual
(عنيد) deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual
An inveterate smoker, Bob cannot seem to break the habit, no matter how hard he tries.
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jubilant   Speak
/'dʒu:bɪlənt/ a. Syn. exultant; happy; merry
(المبتهجين) happy; merry; joyful and proud especially because of triumph or success
Arriving in Rome to a jubilant crowd and tearful relatives, the women said they had been treated well.
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juxtaposition   Speak
/dʒʌkstəpə'zɪʃən/ n. Syn. apposition
(تجاور) act of positioning close together; side-by-side position
It is the result of the juxtaposition of contrasting colors.
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laconic   Speak
/lə'kɒnɪk/ a. Syn. concise
(الاقتضاب) brief; effectively cut short; marked by use of few words
Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words.
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languid   Speak
/'læŋgwɪd/ a. Syn. weak; sluggish
(ضعيف) lacking energy or vitality; weak; sluggish; lacking spirit or liveliness
Her siege of illness left her languid and pallid.
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largess   Speak
/lɑrdʒɪs/ n.
(السرقة) generous gift; money or gifts bestowed
Lady Bountiful distributed largess to the poor.
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latent   Speak
/'leɪtənt/ a. Syn. dormant; hidden
(سخاء) present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden
Existing arrangements contain latent functions that can be neither seen nor replaced by the reformer.
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legerdemain   Speak
/lɛdʒədə'meɪn/ n.
(الاحتيال) show of skill or deceitful cleverness, considered magical by naive observers
The magician demonstrated his renowned legerdemain.
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licentious   Speak
/laɪ'sɛnʃəs/ a. Syn. amoral; unrestrained
(فاجر) amoral; unrestrained; lacking moral discipline or ignoring legal restraint
Unscrupulously seducing the daughter of his host, Don Juan felt no qualms about the immorality of his licentious behavior.
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limpid   Speak
/'lɪmpɪd/ a. Syn. clear
(الشفاف) clear, transparent or bright; calm, untroubled, and without worry
A limpid stream ran through his property.
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maelstrom   Speak
/'meɪlstrəm/ n. Syn. whirlpool
(دوامة) whirlpool; powerful circular current of water
The canoe was tossed about in the maelstrom, it had to leave the dangerous water quickly.
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magnanimous   Speak
/mæg'nænɪməs/ a. Syn. generous; noble
(شهم) generous; high-minded; chivalrous
The last area where Obama should be magnanimous is on Defense policy.
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malediction   Speak
/mælɪ'dɪkʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. curse
(مسبه) curse; evil speaking; utterance of curse or execration
When the magic mirror revealed that Snow White was still alive, the wicked queen cried out in rage and uttered dreadful malediction.
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malevolent   Speak
/mə'lɛvələnt/ a. Syn. malicious
(الحاقدة) having or exhibiting ill will; wishing harm to others; malicious
Lago is a malevolent villain who takes pleasure in ruining Othello.
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manifold   Speak
/'mænɪfoʊld/ a.
(المتعددة) various in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied; complicated
The same threat is repeated in manifold forms to awaken the careless.
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maudlin   Speak
/'mɔ:dlɪn/ a. Syn. sentimental
(بكاء) tearfully sentimental; over-emotional; sickly-sentimental
One moment he was in maudlin tears and the next he was cracking some miserable joke about the disaster.
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mawkish   Speak
/'mɔ:kɪʃ/ a. Syn. maudlin
(مثير للغثيان) insincerely emotional; showing a sickly excess of sentiment
Whenever Gigi and her boyfriend would sigh and get all lovey-dovey, her little brother would shout, "Yuck!" protesting their mawkish behavior.
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mendacious   Speak
/mɛn'deɪʃəs/ a. Syn. lying
(متسول) lying; habitually dishonest; speaking falsely
Distrusting Huck from the start, Miss Watson assumed he was mendacious and refused to believe a word he said.
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mercurial   Speak
/mɜrkjʊərɪəl/ a. Syn. capricious
(الزئبقي) capricious; liable to sudden unpredictable change; quick and changeable in temperament
Quick as quicksilver to change, he was mercurial in nature and therefore unreliable.
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modicum   Speak
/'mɒdɪkəm/ n.
(القليل) limited quantity; small or moderate amount; any small thing
Although his story is based on a modicum of truth, most of the events he describes are fictitious.
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multifarious   Speak
/mʌltɪ'fɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. varied
(متنوعة) varied; greatly diversified; made up of many differing parts
A career woman and mother, she was constantly busy with the multifarious activities of her daily life.
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myriad   Speak
/'mɪrɪəd/ a. Syn. innumerable; many; countless; numberless
(لا تعد ولا تحصى) of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand
In China, for example, where a number of different dialects are spoken, the same character can be pronounced in myriad ways.
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nadir   Speak
/'neɪdɪə(r)/ n.
(نادر) lowest point; point on sphere opposites zenith diametrically
Although few people realized it, the Dow-Jones averages had reached their nadir and would soon begin an upward surge.
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nascent   Speak
/'næsənt/ a. Syn. incipient
(الوليدة) incipient; coming into existence; emerging
If we could identify these revolutionary movements in their nascent state, we would be able to eliminate serious trouble in later years.
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nefarious   Speak
/nɪ'fɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. abominable
(الشائنة) very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked
Our elected leaders, movie stars and sports heroes sometimes engaged in nefarious activities but rarely were they headlined in the daily newspapers.
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neophyte   Speak
/'ni:oʊfaɪt/ n. Syn. beginner
(اختياري) recent convert to a belief; one newly initiated
This mountain slope contains slides that will challenge anyone, either expert or neophyte.
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