Hard Words to Pronounce: Study Tools

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accede:
v. agree or express agreement, take on duties or office
affidavit:
n. written declaration made under oath, a written statement sworn to be true before someone legally authorized to administer an oath
alias:
ad. as known or named at another time or place
anathema:
n. a formal curse by a pope or a council of the Church, excommunicating a person or denouncing a doctrine
anemone:
n. any woodland plant of the genus Anemone grown for its beautiful flowers and whorls of dissected leaves
antarctic:
n. the region around the south pole, at or near the south pole
apocryphal:
a. of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true
athlete:
n. a person trained to compete in sports
barbiturate:
n. organic compound having powerful soporific effect, overdose can be fatal
boatswain:
n. ship,s officer in charge of equipment
cache:
n. a secret store of valuables or money
cacophony:
n. harsh discordant mixture of sounds
camaraderie:
n. the quality of affording easy familiarity and sociability
cardsharp:
n. a person who cheats at cards in order to win money
cavalry:
n. a highly mobile army unit, troops trained to fight on horseback
choir:
n. a family of similar musical instrument playing together
colloquialism:
n. characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
colonel:
n. a commissioned military officer in the army who ranks above a lieutenant colonel and below a brigadier general
conch:
n. a large spiral shell, or the tropical snail-like sea creature that lives in it
cornet:
n. a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone, has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves
debauch:
n. a wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity
demagogue:
n. a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions and prejudices
dilate:
v. add details, as to an account or idea, clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing
diphtheria:
n. a serious infectious disease that causes fever and difficulty in breathing and swallowing
draught:
n. a current of unpleasantly cold air blowing through a room
electoral:
a. relating to or composed of electors, of or relating to elections
emollient:
a. having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin
epitome:
n. a standard or typical example, a brief abstract (as of an article or book)
espouse:
v. take in marriage, become involved with or support an activity or opinion
espresso:
n. strong coffee, or a cup of this, made by forcing hot water through crushed coffee beans and served without milk
fatuous:
a. stupid, not correct, or not carefully thought about
February:
n. the month following January and preceding March
foliage:
n. the leaves of a plant or tree, or leaves on the stems or branches on which they are growing
forte:
a. a strong ability, something that a person can do well
foyer:
n. a large entrance or reception room or area
grandiloquent:
a. puffed up with vanity, lofty in style
hegemony:
n. the dominance or leadership of one social group or nation over others
hierarchy:
n. a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system, the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body
ignominious:
a. (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
inchoate:
a. only partly in existence; imperfectly formed
isthmus:
n. a narrow piece of land with water on each side that joins two larger areas of land
jewelry:
n. an adornment made of precious metals and set with gems
knell:
v. ring as in announcing death
larynx:
n. an organ in humans and animals between the nose and the lungs that contains the muscles to create the voice or sounds
liable:
a. held legally responsible, subject to legal action
library:
n. a depository built to contain books and other materials for reading and study
maelstrom:
n. a powerful circular current of water (usually the result of conflicting tides)
masonry:
n. the bricks and pieces of stone that are used to make a building
mauve:
n. pale purple colour, pale purple aniline dye
mayonnaise:
n. a thick, white sauce made from oil, vinegar, and the yellow part of eggs, usually eaten cold
miniature:
a. used to describe something that is a very small copy of an object
mischievous:
a. deliberately causing harm or damage, naughtily or annoyingly playful
moot:
v. think about carefully, suggest something for discussion
nadir:
n. an extreme state of adversity, the lowest point of anything
neophyte:
n. any new participant in some activity
noisome:
a. offensively malodorous, very unpleasant and offensive
nuptial:
a. belonging or relating to a marriage or to the state of being married
onomatopoeia:
n. using words that imitate the sound they denote
ordnance:
n. military supplies, especially weapons and bombs
orient:
v. adjust to a specific need or market, make someone familiar with a new place
ostensibly:
ad. in a way that appears or claims to be one thing when it is really something else
panacea:
n. something that will solve all problems
parentheses:
n. round brackets, the symbols that are put around a word, phrase, or sentence in a piece of writing
parliament:
n. a legislative assembly in certain countries
penguin:
n. short-legged flightless birds of cold southern, especially Antarctic regions
percolate:
v. move slowly through a substance with very small holes in it
peremptory:
a. not allowing contradiction or refusal, putting an end to all debate or action
pernickety:
a. placing too much emphasis on minor details
perspire:
v. sweat, pass liquid through the skin
phenomenon:
n. any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
phlegmatic:
a. showing little emotion, not emotional or excited about things
pollute:
v. make an area or substance, usually air, water, or soil, dirty or harmful to people, animals, and plants
posthumous:
a. occurring or coming into existence after a person's death
potable:
a. clean and safe to drink, suitable for drinking
prerogative:
n. a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group, especially a hereditary or official right
pronunciation:
n. the way a word or a language is customarily spoken, the manner in which someone utters a word
protean:
a. taking on different forms, easily and continuously changing
puerile:
a. of or characteristic of a child, displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity
pulchritude:
n. physical beauty, especially of a woman
quinoa:
n. the seeds of a South American plant that are cooked and eaten as food
quixotic:
a. not sensible about practical matters, idealistic and unrealistic
relevant:
a. having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue
respite:
v. postpone the punishment of a convicted criminal, such as an execution
rural:
a. of or relating to the countryside as opposed to the city, living in or characteristic of farming or country life
sanguine:
a. confidently optimistic and cheerful, positive and hoping for good things
scissors:
n. a device used for cutting materials such as paper, cloth, and hair, consisting of two sharp blades
segue:
v. proceed without interruption in music or talk, change smoothly from one state or situation to another
sherbet:
n. a frozen dessert made primarily of fruit juice and sugar, but also containing milk or egg-white or gelatin
silicon:
n. a tetravalent nonmetallic element, the most abundant element in the earth's crust that occurs in clay
sixth:
a. coming next after the fifth and just before the seventh in position
squirrel:
n. a small furry animal with a long tail which climbs trees and feeds on nuts and seeds
staid:
a. serious, boring, and slightly old-fashioned
successful:
a. having succeeded or being marked by a favorable outcome
suite:
n. a set of connected rooms, especially in a hotel
supremacist:
n. a person who advocates the supremacy of some particular group or race over all others
surfeit:
n. the state of being more than full, the quality of being so overabundant that prices fall
synecdoche:
n. a word or phrase in which a part of something is used to refer to the whole of it
temperature:
n. the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment, he somatic sensation of cold or heat
tenet:
n. one of the principles on which a belief or theory is based
timbre:
n. a quality of sound that makes voices or musical instruments sound different from each other
triathlon:
n. athletic contest consisting of three different events
truculent:
a. defiantly aggressive, unpleasant and likely to argue a lot
verbiage:
n. the manner in which something is expressed in words, overabundance of words
voluptuous:
a. (of a woman's body) having soft, curved, sexually attractive body
yolk:
n. the yellow, middle part of an egg
zephyr:
n. a slight wind, usually refreshing
zoology:
n. the branch of biology that studies animals