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ESL ACT Vocabulary (1): Print Flashcard

ability
 
n. Syn. capacity; skill
(機能) capacity; skill
ablaze
 
a. Syn. burning; radiant; bright
(炎上) burning; radiant; bright; keenly excited ; resembling flame in brilliance or color
abolish
 
v. Syn. cancel; annul
(憎しみ) cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
abolitionist
 
n.
(激怒) a reformer who favors abolishing slavery
abound
 
v.
(多い) be full of; be plentiful
abrupt
 
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
(突然) broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
absorb
 
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
(吸収) assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
abut
 
v. Syn. adjoin
(アバット) border upon; adjoin; touch or end at one end or side; lie adjacent
academician
 
n.
(アカデミー) a scholar who is skilled in academic disputation
access
 
n. Syn. approach
(アクセス) approach; entry; entrance
accessibility
 
n.
(アクセシビリティ) attribute of being easy to meet or deal with
accessory
 
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
(アクセサリー) additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
acclaim
 
v. Syn. applaud
(かっさい) applaud; announce with great approval
accompaniment
 
n.
(伴奏) act of accompanying someone or something
accompanying
 
a. Syn. attendant; concomitant
(添付) attendant; concomitant
accomplishment
 
n. Syn. achievement; fulfillment
(達成) achievement; fulfillment
accordion
 
n.
(アコーディオン) a portable box-shaped free-reed instrument; reeds that are made to vibrate by air from the bellows controlled by the player
account
 
n. Syn. report; description
(アカウント) narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event
accredit
 
v. Syn. authorize; commission
(認定) authorize; commission; give credit for
accuse
 
v. Syn. blame; condemn
(非難) blame; condemn
acquisition
 
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(知らせる被告アクティブ) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
acronym
 
n. Syn. abbreviation
(頭字語) abbreviation
addict
 
v.
(買収中毒) cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to
addictive
 
a.
(中毒) causing or characterized by addiction
additive
 
n. Syn. addition; supplement
(添加剤) addition; supplement
adjacent
 
a. Syn. adjoining; neighboring
(隣接) adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
adjoin
 
v. Syn. attach
(隣接する) be next to; be contiguous to; border on
adjust
 
v. Syn. adapt; regulate
(調整) adapt; regulate
adobe
 
n. Syn. clay; brick
(アドビ) clay; brick ;sun-dried brick; structure built with this type of brick
adolescent
 
n.
(緋色) a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;
adopt
 
v. Syn. accept
(採用) accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
adoption
 
n.
(採用) act of accepting with approval
advent
 
n. Syn. arrival
(出現) coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important
affiliate
 
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
(アフィリエイト) associate; incorporate
affirm
 
v. Syn. assert; confirm
(断言) assert; confirm
affliction
 
n. Syn. calamity; distress; misfortune; pain
(悩み) cause or condition of pain, suffering, or distress
affordable
 
a.
(低価格) able to pay for
agitation
 
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
(攪拌) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
air
 
v.
(空気) be broadcast on television or radio
airborne
 
a. Syn. aloft
(空中) aloft; flying; in the air
alignment
 
n. Syn. arrangement; association; alliance
(アライメント) arrangement; association; alliance
allocate
 
v. Syn. assign
(割り当て) assign; distribute according to plan
alloy
 
v. Syn. combine; mix
(合金) combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
ally
 
n. Syn. confederate; partner; collaborator
(同盟) confederate; partner; collaborator
aloof
 
a. Syn. apart; distant
(孤高) apart; remote in manner; distant physically or emotionally; reserved and remote
amaze
 
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
(驚か) astonish; affect with wonder
amazing
 
a. Syn. awesome; astounding; surprising
(素晴らしい) awesome; astounding; surprising
ambition
 
n. Syn. aspiration
(野望) aspiration
ambitious
 
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
(意欲) aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement
amend
 
v. Syn. correct; improve
(修正) change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors
amendment
 
n. Syn. correction; revision
(改正は) correction; revision
amplification
 
n.
(増幅) addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail
amplify
 
v. Syn. intensify; increase
(増幅) broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase
analogous
 
a. Syn. comparable
(似) comparable; similar or alike
analyze
 
v. Syn. diagnose; examine; analyze
(分析) diagnose; examine
anatomy
 
n. Syn. dissection
(解剖学) detailed analysis; branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
ancestral
 
a.
(祖先) inherited or inheritable by established rules
annex
 
v. Syn. attach
(別館) append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit
annihilate
 
v. Syn. destroy
(全滅) destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence
annoying
 
a. Syn. bothersome; troublesome; irritating
(迷惑) bothersome; troublesome; irritating
antedate
 
v.
(見越す) be earlier in time; go back further
anthology
 
n. Syn. collection
(アンソロジー) book of literary selections by various authors
antibiotic
 
a. Syn. antibacterial
(抗生物質) of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections
anticipate
 
v. Syn. expect; predict
(予想) act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
antique
 
n. Syn. relic; curio
(アンティーク) any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
apologize
 
v.
(謝罪) beg pardon
appeal
 
n. Syn. attraction; charm
(アピール) attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
appealing
 
a. Syn. attractive; charming
(魅力) attractive; charming
appetite
 
n. Syn. desire
(食欲) instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
applaud
 
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
(拍手を送る) acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands
applicant
 
n. Syn. candidate
(申請) candidate
application
 
n. Syn. diligence
(アプリケーション) close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance
appoint
 
v. Syn. designate; nominate
(任命) designate; nominate
appraisal
 
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
(鑑定評価) assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
appreciable
 
a. Syn. considerable; perceptible
(かなり) considerable; perceptible
appreciate
 
v. Syn. admire; value
(感謝) be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
approach
 
n. Syn. access; method
(アプローチ) access; method
appropriate
 
v. Syn. acquire; allocate
(適切な) acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
approximate
 
v. Syn. approach
(概算) approach; come near
approximately
 
ad. Syn. about; roughly
(約) about; roughly
aquatic
 
a. Syn. watery
(水産) consisting of, relating to, or being in water
arc
 
n.
(アーク) continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape
arduous
 
a. Syn. hard; strenuous
(困難) demanding great effort or labor; difficult
armory
 
n. Syn. arsenal
(防具は) arsenal; a place where arms are manufactured
arrangement
 
n. Syn. composition; order
(構成) composition; order
ascend
 
v. Syn. climb; mount
(アセンド) climb; mount
ascending
 
a. Syn. climbing; rising
(昇順) climbing; rising
asphyxiate
 
v.
(演算窒息) deprive of oxygen to the extent of producing death or very serious symptoms; suffocate
aspiration
 
n. Syn. ambition; longing
(誤嚥) ambition; longing
aspiring
 
a. Syn. ambitious; enthusiastic
(昇順明確に意欲的な) ambitious; enthusiastic
assault
 
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
(暴行) attack; onslaught
assemblage
 
n.
(群集) a group of persons together in one place
assert
 
v. Syn. declare
(主張) declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
assess
 
v. Syn. estimate; judge
(評価) estimate value; judge worth of something
assessment
 
n. Syn. evaluation; judgment
(評価) act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payable
assistance
 
n.
(サポート) activity of contributing to fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
assuredly
 
ad. Syn. certainly; undoubtedly
(確実) certainly; undoubtedly
astonished
 
a.
(びっくり) amazed; surprised
astound
 
v. Syn. surprise; shock
(びっくり仰天させる) affect with wonder; surprise; shock
astronomer
 
n.
(天文学者) a physicist who studies astronomy
astronomy
 
n.
(天文学) branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole
atmosphere
 
n. Syn. air
(雰囲気) air
atom
 
n.
(原子) a tiny piece of anything; the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
attachment
 
n. Syn. preference; affection
(添付) a bond, as of affection or loyalty; fond regard; supplementary part; accessory
attain
 
v. Syn. gain
(達成) achieve or accomplish; gain
attend
 
v.
(参加) be present at; go to; take care of; tend
attendance
 
n.
(参加) act of being present
attendant
 
n. Syn. aide; servant
(受付) aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting
attention
 
n. Syn. concentration; care
(注目) act or state of attending or heeding; application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought
attire
 
n. Syn. clothing; dress
(服装) clothing; dress
attraction
 
n. Syn. affinity; appeal
(アトラクション) appeal; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
attractive
 
a. Syn. appealing; pleasing; inviting; intriguing; tempting
(魅力) appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
auditorium
 
n.
(講堂) area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
autobiography
 
n.
(自伝) biography or story written by yourself
available
 
a. Syn. free
(利用) convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
avocation
 
n. Syn. sideline; hobby
(趣味は) activity taken up in addition to one's regular work or profession, usually for enjoyment
awkward
 
a. Syn. clumsy; inept
(ぎこちない) difficult to handle or manage
backdrop
 
n. Syn. background; setting
(背景) background; setting
balance
 
n. Syn. equilibrium; symmetry; stability
(バランス) being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability
ballet
 
n.
(バレエ) a sort of theatrical representation by dancers
bandmaster
 
n.
(バンドマスター) conductor of a band
bang
 
n.
(バン) a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success
bankrupt
 
v.
(破産) cause to become financially ruin; ruin
bar
 
n. Syn. caf‚
(バー) a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
barbecue
 
n.
(バーベキュー) a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors
barn
 
n.
(納屋) an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
baroque
 
a. Syn. embellished; elaborate
(バードバロック) complex or bizarre, especially in ornamentation; irregular in shape
barren
 
a. Syn. desolate
(不毛) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
basement
 
n. Syn. cellar
(地下) cellar; storage room
basin
 
n.
(盆) bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquids
beaded
 
a.
(耐え難い) covered with beads of liquid
behavior
 
n. Syn. conduct; manner
(岩盤) conduct; manner
beleaguer
 
v. Syn. harass
(悩ます) besiege or attack; harass; surround with troops
belie
 
v. Syn. contradict
(裏切る) contradict; give a false impression
bellows
 
n.
(動作) a mechanical device that blows air onto a fire to make it burn more fiercely
benefit
 
n. Syn. welfare; gain
(空白) advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain
betray
 
v. Syn. reveal
(裏切る) be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly
bicameral
 
a. Syn. cameral
(二院制) composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches
biography
 
n.
(バース) an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life
bison
 
n.
(バイソン) any of several large shaggy-manned humped bovid having large heads and short horns
blame
 
v. Syn. condemn; rebuke
(参考文献) condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
blaze
 
n. Syn. flame
(バイリンガル) brilliant burst of fire; destructive fire; flame
bleak
 
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
(暗い) cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
blend
 
n. Syn. combination; mixture
(口) combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture
blight
 
v.
(病) blast; prevent the growth and fertility of; destroy the happiness of; ruin; frustrate
bluff
 
a.
(はったりを) direct and outspoken but good-natured
blush
 
v.
(赤面) become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
board
 
n. Syn. lumber; plank
(ボード) a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
bold
 
a. Syn. brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
(太字) brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
bonanza
 
n. Syn. boom
(大当たり) boom; rich mine, vein, or pocket of ore; sudden opportunity to make money
boom
 
n. Syn. bonanza; prosperity
(ブーム) bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish
boon
 
n. Syn. blessing; benefit
(恩恵) blessing; benefit bestowed, especially in response to a request
boundless
 
a. Syn. infinite; vast
(無限) being without boundaries or limits; infinite; vast
bouquet
 
n. Syn. bunch
(花束) small cluster or arrangement of flowers; an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present
breach
 
n. Syn. violation; infringement
(違反) breaking of contract or duty
breath
 
n.
(呼吸) air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration
brilliance
 
n. Syn. cleverness; magnificence
(輝き) cleverness; magnificence
brilliantly
 
ad. Syn. brightly; radiantly
(見事) brightly; radiantly
brim
 
n. Syn. brink; edge
(つば) brink; edge
bronze
 
n.
(青銅) an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements
brook
 
n. Syn. creek; stream
(小川) creek; stream
bunch
 
n. Syn. clump; cluster; gathering
(束) clump; cluster; gathering
buzz
 
n.
(話題) confusion of activity and gossip; sound of rapid vibration
buzzer
 
n.
(ブザー) a signaling device that makes a buzzing sound
bypass
 
n.
(バイパス) channel used to conduct gas or liquid around another pipe or a fixture; conductor having low resistance in parallel
cabinetmaker
 
n.
(家具職人) a woodworker who specializes in making furniture;
calculate
 
v. Syn. compute; determine; estimate
(計算) compute; determine; estimate
calibration
 
n. Syn. adjustment; measurement
(校正) adjustment; measurement
cancellation
 
n.
(キャンセル) act of cancelling; calling off some arrangement
canopy
 
n. Syn. covering; umbrella
(キャノピー) covering; umbrella
canyon
 
n.
(渓谷) narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water; a gorge
cardinal
 
a. Syn. chief
(カーディナル) chief; serving as an essential component
carve
 
v. Syn. cut; sculpt
(彫刻は) cut; sculpt
carving
 
n.
(彫刻) cutting away parts to create a desired shape
cassette
 
n.
(カセット) container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or video
cast
 
v.
(キャスト) assign the roles of; choose at random
casting
 
n.
(鋳造) choice of actors to play particular roles in a play or movie
catalyst
 
n. Syn. enzyme; stimulus
(触媒) agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
catastrophe
 
n. Syn. calamity; disaster
(災害) calamity; disaster; state of extreme ruin and misfortune
catching
 
a. Syn. contagious; charming; attractive
(引く) act of seizing or taking hold of; captivating; alluring
categorize
 
v. Syn. classify; sort
(分類) classify; sort
caterpillar
 
n.
(虫) a wormlike and often brightly colored and hairy or spiny larva of a butterfly or moth
cathedral
 
n. Syn. church; temple
(大聖堂) church; temple
caution
 
n. Syn. care
(注意) care; being attentive to possible danger
cautious
 
a. Syn. conservative; careful
(慎重) conservative; careful
cavern
 
n. Syn. cave
(洞窟) cave; large underground chamber, as in a cave
celebrity
 
n.
(有名人) a widely known person
cell
 
n.
(セル) any small compartment
chagrin
 
n. Syn. embarrassment; disappointment
(悔し) anxiety caused by humiliation or injured pride; disappointment
chamber
 
n. Syn. cell; compartment; room
(室) cell; compartment; room
charcoal
 
n.
(炭) a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a very dark gray color
charitable
 
a. Syn. benevolent; kind; humane
(慈善の) benevolent; kind; humane
checkout
 
n.
(レジに進む) counter in a supermarket where you pay for your purchases; the latest time for vacating a hotel room
chef
 
n.
(シェフ) a professional cook
chill
 
a. Syn. cool
(チル) cool; freeze
chilly
 
a. Syn. cold
(肌寒い) cold
chivalry
 
n.
(騎士) courtesy towards women
choir
 
n.
(合唱) band or organized company of singers, especially in church service
choke
 
v. Syn. asphyxiate; suffocate
(チョーク) breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply
chop
 
v. Syn. cut; hew
(チョップ) hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax
chord
 
n.
(和音) combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
chore
 
n.
(雑用) a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
choreography
 
n.
(振り付け) art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chorus
 
n.
(コーラス) any utterance produced simultaneously by a group
chromosphere
 
n.
(彩) a gaseous layer of the sun's atmosphere
chronological
 
a.
(時系列) arranged in order of time of occurrence
cider
 
n.
(サイダー) beverage made from juice pressed from apples
civility
 
n.
(礼儀) act of showing regard for others; courteous behavior; politeness; citizenship
civilization
 
n. Syn. culture
(文明) culture
claim
 
n.
(請求) demand for something as rightful or due
clam
 
v. Syn. tranquilize; soothe
(アサリ) be moist or glutinous; stick or adhere; produce or cause to clang
clap
 
v. Syn. applaud; slap
(拍手) applaud; slap; strike together with a sharp sound, as one hard surface on another
classification
 
n.
(分類) assigning to a class or category
classify
 
v.
(分類) declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories
clergy
 
n.
(聖職者) clergymen collectively; body of people ordained for religious service
clergyman
 
n.
(牧師) a member of the clergy and a spiritual leader of the Christian Church
clip
 
v.
(クリップ) cut, cut off, or cut out with or as if with shears; cut off the edge of:
clog
 
v. Syn. congest; jam
(詰まり) congest; jam
clumsy
 
a. Syn. awkward; inept
(不器用) awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude
clutch
 
n.
(クラッチ) device for gripping and holding; tense, critical situation
coalesce
 
v. Syn. combine; fuse; mix
(合体) combine; fuse; grow together; come together so as to form one whole; unite
codify
 
v. Syn. classify
(成文化) arrange laws, rules as a code; classify; arrange or systematize
coherent
 
a. Syn. adhesive; cohesive
(コヒーレント) adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
cohesive
 
a.
(粘着) cohering or tending to cohere; well integrated
coil
 
n. Syn. ring; roll
(コイル) a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes
coinage
 
n.
(造語) coins collectively
coincident
 
a.
(一致) concerning; simultaneous
collapse
 
v.
(崩壊) breakdown; failure
collective
 
a. Syn. common
(集団) common; assembled into or viewed as a whole
collide
 
v.
(衝突) bump; hit; conflict
collision
 
n. Syn. crash; impact
(衝突) crash; conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals
colloquialism
 
n.
(口語) colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
colonel
 
n.
(大佐) a commissioned military officer
combination
 
n. Syn. blend; union
(組み合わせ) blend; union
combine
 
v. Syn. blend; fuse; merge
(組み合わせ) blend; fuse; merge
combustible
 
a. Syn. flammable; burnable; inflammable
(可燃) capable of igniting and burning; easily aroused or excited
combustion
 
n.
(燃焼) act of burning something
comet
 
n.
(彗星) an object that goes around the sun
comical
 
a.
(コミカル) arousing or provoking laughter
commander
 
n. Syn. chief; leader
(司令) chief; leader
commentary
 
n.
(解説) written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
commentator
 
n.
(解説) a writer who reports and analyzes events of the day
committed
 
a. Syn. dedicated; devoted
(コミット) dedicated; devoted
communication
 
n.
(コミュニケーション) activity of communicating; activity of conveying information
compact
 
a. Syn. compressed; condensed; concise
(コンパクト) closely and firmly united or packed together; briefly giving gist of something
compaction
 
n.
(圧縮) an increase in the density of something
companion
 
n. Syn. associate; partner
(コンパニオン) associate; partner
compete
 
v. Syn. vie; contest; fight
(フィットネス) contest; fight
competent
 
a. Syn. capable; adept
(主務) capable; adept
competitiveness
 
n.
(競争) an aggressive willingness to compete
complacence
 
n. Syn. arrogance; satisfaction
(自己満足) arrogance; satisfaction; feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself
complement
 
v. Syn. complete; consummate
(補完) complete; consummate; make perfect
complex
 
a. Syn. intricate; compound
(顔色比較) complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures
complexity
 
n. Syn. complication
(複雑) complication
complicated
 
a. Syn. intricate; circuitous
(複雑な) difficult to analyze or understand
complication
 
n. Syn. complexity; intricacy
(合併症) complexity; intricacy; any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of another disease
compound
 
v. Syn. combine; constitute
(化合物) combine; mix; constitute; pay interest; increase
compress
 
v. Syn. squeeze; contract
(圧縮) close; squeeze or press together; contract
compressed
 
a. Syn. compact
(圧縮) compact
compression
 
n.
(圧縮) applying pressure; encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required
compromise
 
v.
(妥協) adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
computation
 
n. Syn. calculation
(計算) calculation
concede
 
v. Syn. admit; yield
(譲歩) admit; yield; give up physical control of another
conceive
 
v. Syn. design; consider
(妊娠) form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way
conception
 
n. Syn. thought; idea
(コンセプト) beginning; forming of an idea; act of conceiving
conceptual
 
a.
(概念) being or characterized by concepts or their formation
concerto
 
n.
(協奏曲) composition for orchestra and a soloist
concise
 
a. Syn. succinct; terse
(簡潔) brief and compact; expressing much in few words
conciseness
 
n. Syn. brevity
(簡潔) brevity; terseness and economy in writing and speaking
conclusive
 
a. Syn. definitive; decisive; final
(説得決定的) definitive; decisive; final
condemn
 
v. Syn. blame; denounce
(非難) blame; denounce; express strong disapproval of
condemnation
 
n. Syn. blame
(非難) blame
condensation
 
n. Syn. compression
(結露) compression
condense
 
v.
(凝縮) change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate
conduct
 
v. Syn. accompany; direct
(行動) direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide
conductor
 
n.
(指揮者) a device designed to transmit electricity, heat; person who collects fares on a public conveyance
cone
 
n.
(コーン) a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point
confederacy
 
n. Syn. alliance
(同盟) alliance
confederate
 
n. Syn. ally; collaborator
(同盟) ally; form a group or unite
confer
 
v.
(相談) bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over
confess
 
v. Syn. acknowledge; admit
(告白) acknowledge; admit
confident
 
a. Syn. assured
(自信を持って) assured; having or marked by assurance
configuration
 
n.
(構成) arrangement of parts or elements; outline
confirmation
 
n.
(確認) additional proof that something that was believed
confluence
 
n. Syn. conflux; throng
(合流) act of two things flowing together; junction or meeting place where two things meet
conform
 
v.
(適合) comply with; follow; fit; meet
conformity
 
n.
(適合性) behavior in correspondence with socially accepted standards
confront
 
v.
(対決) be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with
congenial
 
a. Syn. compatible
(気心) compatible
conglomerate
 
n. Syn. assortment
(コングロマリット) corporation made up of different companies in diversified fields; composing of heterogeneous elements gathered into a mass
congratulation
 
n.
(祝) act of acknowledging that someone has an occasion for celebration
congregate
 
v.
(集まる) assemble; convene; gather
conifer
 
n.
(針葉樹) any gymnospermous tree or shrub bearing cones
conjecture
 
v.
(予想) believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds
conscientious
 
a. Syn. diligent; responsible; reliable
(良心) diligent; responsible; reliable
conscious
 
a. Syn. awake
(意識) awake; alert
conservatism
 
n.
(保守) a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
consideration
 
n.
(検討) considerate and thoughtful act
consonant
 
a. Syn. compatible; harmonious
(子音) compatible; harmonious
consort
 
v. Syn. associate; join; consort with
(配偶者) associate; join
consortium
 
n.
(コンソーシアム) a group of people or organizations that have agreed to work together
constellation
 
n. Syn. gathering; cluster
(星座) a number of stars seen from the Earth as a group and often having a name
constituent
 
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
(構成) component or part; citizen, voter
construction
 
n.
(建設) act of constructing or building something
consultant
 
n.
(コンサルタント) an expert who gives advice
consume
 
v. Syn. devour; eat
(消費) devour; eat
container
 
n. Syn. receptacle
(コンテナ) any object that can be used to hold things
contender
 
n.
(候補) contestant you hope to defeat
contention
 
n. Syn. controversy
(競合) competing as for profit or prize
context
 
n. Syn. circumstance; setting
(コンテキスト) circumstance
continental
 
a.
(大陸) being or concerning or limited to a continent
contour
 
n. Syn. configuration; outline
(輪郭) configuration; outline
contract
 
v. Syn. shrink; constrict
(契約) constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate
contraction
 
n.
(収縮) act of decreasing something in size or volume or quantity or scope
contradict
 
v. Syn. confront; oppose
(矛盾) confront; oppose
contrast
 
n.
(コントラスト) act of distinguishing by comparing differences
controversial
 
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
(論争) controvertible; disputable
controversy
 
n. Syn. contention; argument
(論争) contentious speech act; argument
conventional
 
a.
(従来) based upon tradition rules; formed by agreement or compact
converge
 
v. Syn. approach
(収束) approach; tend to meet; come together
conversational
 
a.
(会話) characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation
converse
 
v. Syn. chat
(会話) chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts
conversion
 
n. Syn. change; transformation
(変換) change; transformation
convert
 
n. Syn. transform
(変換) change something into another form; transform
converter
 
n.
(コンバーター) a device for changing one substance or form or state into another
convex
 
a. Syn. bulging
(凸) curving outward; having surface that bulges outward, as the exterior of sphere
convinced
 
a.
(確信) certain, sure
coop
 
n.
(小屋は) barrel or cask for liquor; enclosure or cage, as for poultry or small animals
coordinate
 
v. Syn. integrate; harmonize
(座標) bring order and organization to; harmonize
core
 
n. Syn. center; essence
(コア) basic, center, or most important part; essence
cornet
 
n.
(コルネット) a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone
corps
 
n.
(隊) an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions; a body of people associated together
correspond
 
v.
(対応) be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messages
corresponding
 
a.
(対応) accompanying
corrode
 
v.
(腐食) destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away
corrosion
 
n. Syn. decay; erosion
(腐食) decay; erosion
corruption
 
n. Syn. bribery; fraud
(破損) bribery; fraud
counsel
 
v. Syn. advise; suggest
(弁護士) advise; suggest
couple
 
n. Syn. pair
(カップル) a male and female associated together; a pair who associate with one another
courthouse
 
n.
(裁判所) building that houses judicial courts
courtship
 
n.
(求愛) a man's courting of a woman; seeking the affections of a woman
cowhand
 
n.
(ビーズの牛飼い) a hired hand who tends cattle and performs other duties on horseback
cozy
 
a. Syn. comfortable; relaxing
(居心地) comfortable; relaxing
crab
 
n.
(カニ) a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply
crack
 
v.
(亀裂) break into simpler molecules by means of heat; split; hit forcefully; pass through
crater
 
n.
(火口) a bowl-shaped opening at the top of a volcano
credence
 
n. Syn. credit; faith
(信憑性を) credit; faith
credential
 
n. Syn. certificate; warrant
(資格) certificate; warrant
credit
 
n. Syn. reputation; prestige
(クレジットカード) arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; money available for a client to borrow
creditor
 
n. Syn. debtor
(債権) a person to whom money is owed by a debtor; someone to whom an obligation exists
crimson
 
a. Syn. bloody
(深紅) bloody
crosscut
 
a.
(切り返し) a diagonal path; a route shorter than the usual one
crumble
 
v. Syn. fall apart; disintegrate
(崩れ) break into small pieces; cause to fall in pieces
crystalline
 
a.
(結晶) consisting of or containing or of the nature of crystals
crystallization
 
n.
(結晶) a mental synthesis that becomes fixed or concrete by a process resembling crystal formation
crystallize
 
v.
(結晶) assume crystalline form; cause to take on a definite and clear shape
cubism
 
n.
(キュビスム) an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes
cucumber
 
n.
(キュウリ) cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons
culture
 
n. Syn. civilization
(文化) all the knowledge and values shared by a society ; foster; raising of plants or animals
cupboard
 
n.
(食器棚) a small room or cabinet used for storage space
curious
 
a. Syn. inquisitive
(好奇心) difficult to please or satisfy; careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or inquiry
curriculum
 
n. Syn. course; program
(カリキュラム) course; program
custodian
 
n. Syn. curator; guardian
(保管) curator; guardian
cylinder
 
n.
(シリンダー) cylindrical container