Hard Words with Meaning and Sentence

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Hard Words with Meaning and Sentence (Group 1)

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abjure
abrogate
acumen
adumbrate
alacrity
anathema
antipathy
approbation
arrogate
ascetic
assiduous
boon
brusque
burnish
buttress
cajole
calumny
capricious
clemency
cogent
concomitant
conflagration
conundrum
credulity
cupidity
cursory
decry
defile
deleterious
demure
deprecate
deride
desecrate
discursive
dissemble
ebullient
effrontery
egregious
enervate
ephemeral
eschew
evanescent
evince
exculpate
execrable
expiate
expunge
extant
extol
fallacious
fastidious
fatuous
feral
fetid
florid
fractious
garrulous
gregarious
hackneyed
hapless
harangue
hegemony
impassive
imperious
impertinent
impervious
impetuous
impinge
implacable
inchoate
incontrovertible
indefatigable
ineffable
inexorable
ingenuous
inimical
iniquity
insidious
inure
invective
inveterate
jubilant
juxtaposition
laconic
languid
largess
latent
legerdemain
licentious
limpid
maelstrom
magnanimous
malediction
malevolent
manifold
maudlin
mawkish
mendacious
mercurial
modicum
multifarious
myriad
nadir
nascent
nefarious
neophyte

Word and Definition List

abjure: Read
/æb'dʒʊə(r)/ v. Syn. renounce; abandon
(发誓放弃) renounce upon oath; abandon forever
He will abjure his allegiance to the king.
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abrogate: Read
/'æbroʊgeɪt/ a. Syn. abolish
(废除) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.

acumen: Read
/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
(思想敏锐) mental keenness; quickness of perception
However, her team's political acumen is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor.
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adumbrate: Read
/'ædʌmbreɪt/ v. Syn. overshadow; shade
(勾画出轮廓,隐约显示,预示,蒙上阴影) give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
Her constant complaining about the job would adumbrate her intent to leave.
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alacrity: Read
/ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n.
(欢快的情绪) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.

anathema: Read
/ə'næθəmə/ n.
(诅咒) solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words.

antipathy: Read
/æn'tɪpəθɪ/ n. Syn. aversion; dislike
(反对,厌恶) strong feeling of aversion; dislike
Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife.
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approbation: Read
/æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval
(同意,批准) expression of warm approval; praise
She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them.
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arrogate: Read
/'æroʊgeɪt/ v.
(非法霸占,僭越) claim without justification; claim for oneself without right
Lynn watch in astonishments as her coworkers arrogate the credit for her brilliant work in the project.
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ascetic: Read
/ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe
(苦行,禁欲) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.
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assiduous: Read
/ə'sɪdjʊəs/;/ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. diligent; persistent
(勤奋) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results.
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boon: Read
/bu:n/ n. Syn. blessing; benefit
(恩惠,福利) blessing; benefit bestowed, especially in response to a request
The recent rains that filled our empty reservoirs were a boon to the whole community.
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brusque: Read
/brʊsk/;/brʌsk/ a. Syn. blunt; abrupt
(唐图,直率,粗暴无礼) abrupt and curt in manner or speech; rudely abrupt, unfriendly
Was Bruce too brusque when he brushed off Bob's request with a curt "Not now!"?
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burnish: Read
/'bɜrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. polish
(擦拭) make shiny by rubbing; polish
I burnish the brass fixtures until they reflect the lamplight.
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buttress: Read
/'bʌtrɪs/ v. Syn. support
(支持) support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
The attorney came up with several far-fetched arguments in a vain attempt to buttress his weak case.
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cajole: Read
/kə'dʒoʊl/ v.
(哄骗,勾引) influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering
Diane tried to cajole her father into letting her drive the family car.
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calumny: Read
/'kæləmnɪ/ n. Syn. slander
(诽谤,中伤) false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander
He could endure his financial failure, but he could not bear the calumny that his foes heaped upon him.
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capricious: Read
/kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary
(反复无常的) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly.
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clemency: Read
/'klɛmənsɪ/ n.
(温和,仁慈) mildness, as of the weather; merciful, kind, or lenient act
The lawyer was pleased when the case was sent to Judge Smith's chambers because Smith was noted for her clemency toward first offenders.
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cogent: Read
/'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing
(有说服力的) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so, including a full-tuition scholarship.
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concomitant: Read
/kən'kɒmɪtənt/ a. Syn. accompanying
(伴随的) in conjunction with; accompanying; associated with
These two-sided attributes are known as concomitant characteristics.
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conflagration: Read
/kɒnflə'greɪʃ(ə)n/ a.
(大火灾,大火) large destructive fire; burning; large-scale military conflict
After the conflagration had finally died down, the city center was nothing but a mass of blackened embers.
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conundrum: Read
/kə'nʌndrəm/ n. Syn. riddle
(谜语) riddle; difficult problem; dilemma
For this reason, the best way out of this conundrum is a political compromise.

credulity: Read
/krɪ'dju:lɪtɪ/;/krɪ'du:lɪtɪ/ n.
(轻信,易信) readiness of belief; disposition to believe on slight evidence
The rascal lives on the credulity of the people.
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cupidity: Read
/kju:'pɪdɪtɪ/ n. Syn. greed
(贪婪) greed; excessive desire, especially for wealth
The defeated people could not satisfy the cupidity of the conquerors, who demanded excessive tribute.
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cursory: Read
/'kɜrsərɪ/ a. Syn. casual
(草率,匆忙) casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed
Because a cursory examination of the ruins indicates the possibility of arson, we believe the insurance agency should undertake a more extensive investigation of the fire's cause.
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decry: Read
/dɪ'kraɪ/ v. Syn. disparage
(强烈反对) express strong disapproval of; disparage
The founder of the Children's Defense Fund, Marian Wright Edelman, would strongly decry the lack of financial and moral support for children in America today.
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defile: Read
/di:'faɪl/ v. Syn. pollute
(污染,亵渎) pollute; make dirty or spotty
The hoodlums defile the church with their scurrilous writing.
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deleterious: Read
/dɛlɪ'tɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. harmful
(有害的) having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
If you believe that smoking is deleterious to your health, then quit!.

demure: Read
/dɪ'mjʊə(r)/ a. Syn. grave; serious
(端庄的,认真的,腼腆的) modest and reserved in manner or behavior
She was demure and reserved, a nice modest girl whom any young man would be proud to take home to his mother.
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deprecate: Read
/'dɛprɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. belittle
(抗议,蔑视) express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy, Miss Post must deprecate the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names.
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deride: Read
/dɪ'raɪd/ v. Syn. ridicule
(打趣,取消) ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
The critics deride his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously.
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desecrate: Read
/'dɛsɪkreɪt/ v.
(亵渎) violate with violence, especially to sacred place
Shattering the altar and trampling the holy objects underfoot, the invaders desecrate the sanctuary.
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discursive: Read
/dɪ'skɜrsɪv/ a.
(散漫的,不得要领的) tending to depart from main point or cover a wide range of subjects
As the lecturer wandered from topic to topic, we wondered what if any point there was to his discursive remarks.
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dissemble: Read
/dɪ'sɛmb(ə)l/ v. Syn. disguise; pretend
(伪装,做作,掩饰) disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of
Even though John tried to dissemble his motive for taking modern dance, we all knew he was there not to dance but to meet girls.
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ebullient: Read
/ɪ'bʌlɪənt/ a.
(热情的,激动的) showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
Amy's ebullient nature could not be repressed; she' was always bubbling over with excitement.
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effrontery: Read
/ɛ'frʌntərɪ/ n.
(厚颜无耻) shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and shameless audacity
She had the effrontery to insult the guest.
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egregious: Read
/ɪ'gri:dʒəs/ a. Syn. notorious
(及其令人痛恨的,声名狼藉,令人吃惊的) notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
She was an egregious liar; we all knew better than to believe a word she said.

enervate: Read
/'ɛnəveɪt/ v. Syn. weaken
(使变弱) weaken or destroy strength or vitality of; remove a nerve or part of a nerve
She was slow to recover from her illness; even a short walk to the window would enervate her.
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ephemeral: Read
/ɪ'fɛmərəl/ a.
(朝生暮死,短暂,短命) short-lived; enduring a very short time
The mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life lasts little more than a day.
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eschew: Read
/ɪs'tʃu:/ v. Syn. avoid; escape
(避免) avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand aloof from
Hoping to present himself to his girlfriend as a totally reformed character, he tried to eschew all the vices, especially chewing tobacco and drinking bathtub gin.
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evanescent: Read
/i:və'nɛs(ə)nt/;/ɛv-/ a. Syn. fleeting; vanishing
(消散的,凋零的) fleeting; vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor
Brandon's satisfaction in his new job was evanescent, for he immediately began to notice its many drawbacks.
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evince: Read
/ɪ'vɪns/ v. Syn. manifest
(表示) show or demonstrate clearly; overcome; conquer
When he tried to answer the questions, I heard he evince his ignorance of the subject matter.
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exculpate: Read
/'ɛkskʌlpeɪt/ v.
(开脱,洗脱) pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
The court will exculpate him of the crime after the real criminal confesses.
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execrable: Read
/'ɛksɪkrəb(ə)l/ a.
(非常糟糕的) very bad; extremely inferiorl; intolerable; very hateful
The anecdote was in such execrable taste that it revolted the audience.
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expiate: Read
/'ɛkspɪeɪt/ v. Syn. atone
(赎罪) make amends or pay the penalty for; relieve or cleanse of guilt
He tried to expiate his crimes by a full confession to the authorities.
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expunge: Read
/ɛk'spʌndʒ/ v. Syn. cancel; remove
(取消,去除,排除) cancel; remove; erase or strike out
If you behave, I will expunge this notation from your record.

extant: Read
/ɛk'stænt/ a.
(现存的) still in existence; not destroyed, lost, or extinct
Although the book is out of print, some copies are still extant. Unfortunately, all of them are in libraries or private collections; none are for sale.
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extol: Read
/ɪk'stɔl/ v. Syn. praise; glorify
(赞美) praise highly; glorify; celebrate
In his speech, the president will extol the astronauts, calling them the pioneers of the Space Age.
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fallacious: Read
/fə'leɪʃəs/ a. Syn. false; deceptive
(假的,误导的) false; tending to mislead; deceptive
Paradoxically, fallacious reasoning does not always yield erroneous results: even though your logic may be faulty, the answer you get may nevertheless be correct.
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fastidious: Read
/fæ'stɪdɪəs/ a.
(挑剔的,难伺候的) difficult to please; having complicated requirements; excessively particular demanding about details
Bobby was such a fastidious eater that he would eat a sandwich only if his mother first cut off every scrap of crust.
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fatuous: Read
/'fætjʊəs/ a. Syn. foolish
(愚蠢的,不可理喻的,不理智的) foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way
He is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks.
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feral: Read
/'fɪər(ə)l/ a. Syn. wild
(野生的,未驯服的) not domestic; wild; existing in wild or untamed state
Abandoned by their owners, dogs may revert to their feral state, roaming the woods in packs.

fetid: Read
/'fɛtɪd/ a. Syn. stinking
(恶臭的) unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking
These dogs are housed in fetid, dark sheds and barns or left outside in cages exposed to the cold, the heat, the rain and the snow.
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florid: Read
/'flɒrɪd/;/'flɔ:rɪd/ a. Syn. ruddy; reddish
(华丽的,红润的) reddish; elaborately or excessively ornamented
If you go to beach and get a sunburn, your complexion will look florid.
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fractious: Read
/'frækʃəs/ a. Syn. unruly; disobedient; irritable
(蛮横倔强的) inclined to make trouble; disobedient; irritable
Bucking and kicking, the fractious horse unseated its rider.

garrulous: Read
/'gærʊləs/ a. Syn. wordy; talkative
(贫嘴) talking much and repetition of unimportant or trivial details
My Uncle Henry can outtalk any three people I know. He is the most garrulous person in Cayuga County.
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gregarious: Read
/grɪ'gɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. sociable
(社交的,群居) sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others
Natural selection in gregarious animals operates upon groups rather than upon individuals.
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hackneyed: Read
/'hæknɪd/ a. Syn. commonplace
(常见的,不希罕,陈腐) repeated too often; over familiar through overuse
When the reviewer criticized the movie for its hackneyed plot, we agreed; we had seen similar stories hundreds of times before.
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hapless: Read
/'hæplɪs/ a.
(不幸的) without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy
His hapless lover was knocked down by a car.
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harangue: Read
/hə'ræŋ/ n.
(夸大的讲话) noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression
In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.
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harangue: Read
/hə'ræŋ/ n.
(夸大的讲话) noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression
In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.
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hegemony: Read
/hɪ'gɛmənɪ/;/'hɛdʒɛmoʊnɪ/ n.
(霸权,盟主权) domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by political group or nation over others
When Germany claimed hegemony over Russia, Stalin was outraged.

impassive: Read
/ɪm'pæsɪv/ a.
(冷漠的) without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited
Refusing to let the enemy see how deeply shaken he was by his capture, the prisoner kept his face impassive.
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imperious: Read
/ɪm'pɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. dictatorial
(专横的) urgent or pressing; able to deal authoritatively; dictatorial
Jane rather liked a man to be masterful, but Mr. Rochester seemed so bent on getting his own way that he was actually imperious!
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impertinent: Read
/ɪm'pɜrtɪnənt/ a. Syn. rude
(不相干的,鲁莽的) improperly forward or bold; rude
His neighbors' impertinent curiosity about his lack of dates angered Ted; it was downright rude of them to ask him such personal questions.
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impervious: Read
/ɪm'pɜrvɪəs/ a. Syn. impenetrable
(不能渗透的,不为所动的,不受影响的) impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed
The carpet salesman told Simone that his most expensive brand of floor covering was warranted to be impervious to ordinary wear and tear.
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impetuous: Read
/ɪm'pɛtjʊəs/ a. Syn. violent; hasty; rash.
(冲动的,鲁莽的) marked by sudden and violent force; hasty; impulsive and passionate
I don't believe that "Leap before you look" is the motto suggested by one particularly impetuous young man.
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impinge: Read
/ɪm'pɪndʒ/ v. Syn. infringe; touch
(撞击,碰撞) infringe; advance beyond usual limit; make physical impact on; touch
How could they be married not to impinge on one another's freedom?.
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implacable: Read
/ɪm'plækəb(ə)l/ a.
(不能平静的) incapable of being pacified; not to be relieved;
Madame Defarge was the implacable enemy of the Evremonde family.
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inchoate: Read
/'ɪnkoʊət/ a. Syn. rudimentary; elementary
(未成型的,早期的,刚开始的,发展中的) recently begun; imperfectly formed or developed; elementary
Before the Creation, the world was an inchoate mass.

incontrovertible: Read
/ɪnkɒntrə'vɜrtɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. indisputable
(无疑的,无可争议的) indisputable; not open to question
Unless you find the evidence against my client absolutely incontrovertible, you must declare her not guilty of this charge.

indefatigable: Read
/ɪndɪ'fætɪgəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. tireless
(疲倦) tireless; showing sustained enthusiastic action
Although the effort of taking out the garbage tired Wayne out for the entire morning, when it came to partying, he was indefatigable.
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ineffable: Read
/ɪn'ɛfəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unutterable
(不可言喻的,无法用语言表达的,不能说的,避讳的) unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech
Such ineffable joy must be experienced; it cannot be described.
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inexorable: Read
/ɪn'ɛksərəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unyielding; implacable
(无情的,残酷的) not capable of being swayed; unyielding; implacable
The judge was inexorable and gave the convicted man the maximum punishment allowed by law.
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ingenuous: Read
/ɪn'dʒɛnjʊəs/ a. Syn. young; unsophisticated
(心无城府的,天真的,幼稚的,可信的) naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated
The woodsman had not realized how ingenuous Little Red Riding Hood was until he heard that she had gone off for a walk in the woods with the Big Bad Wolf.
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inimical: Read
/ɪ'nɪmɪk(ə)l/ a. Syn. unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
(不友好的,敌意的,有害的) unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
I've always been friendly to Martha. Why is she so inimical to me?.
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iniquity: Read
/ɪ'nɪkw(ə)tɪ/ n.
(邪恶,不公正) absence of, or deviation from, just dealing; want of rectitude or uprightness; gross injustice; unrighteousness; wickedness
He thought of New York as a den of iniquity.
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insidious: Read
/ɪn'sɪdɪəs/ a. Syn. treacherous; stealthy; sly
(阴险的,奸诈的,狡猾的,鬼鬼祟祟的) spreading harmfully in a subtle manner; designed or adapted to entrap
More insidious is the whole issue of the second amendment.
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inure: Read
/ɪ'njʊə(r)/ v. Syn. harden; habituate
(使习惯于) apply in use; use or accustom till no pain or inconvenience; harden; habituate
Then as it relates to the benefits that we expect to inure from the system itself, let me turn that over to Stan to give you some highlights.
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invective: Read
/ɪn'vɛktɪv/ n. Syn. abuse
(谩骂,非难,恶言相加) abusive language used to express blame or ill will
He had expected criticism but not the invective that greeted his proposal.
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inveterate: Read
/ɪn'vɛtərət/ a. Syn. habitual
(根深蒂固的,积习已深的) deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual
An inveterate smoker, Bob cannot seem to break the habit, no matter how hard he tries.
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jubilant: Read
/'dʒu:bɪlənt/ a. Syn. exultant; happy; merry
(欢腾的,喜气洋洋的) happy; merry; joyful and proud especially because of triumph or success
Arriving in Rome to a jubilant crowd and tearful relatives, the women said they had been treated well.
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juxtaposition: Read
/dʒʌkstəpə'zɪʃən/ n. Syn. apposition
(并列,并置) act of positioning close together; side-by-side position
It is the result of the juxtaposition of contrasting colors.
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laconic: Read
/lə'kɒnɪk/ a. Syn. concise
(简洁的) brief; effectively cut short; marked by use of few words
Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words.
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languid: Read
/'læŋgwɪd/ a. Syn. weak; sluggish
(疲倦的,无精打采的) lacking energy or vitality; weak; sluggish; lacking spirit or liveliness
Her siege of illness left her languid and pallid.
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largess: Read
/lɑrdʒɪs/ n.
(赠送,赠礼) generous gift; money or gifts bestowed
Lady Bountiful distributed largess to the poor.
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latent: Read
/'leɪtənt/ a. Syn. dormant; hidden
(潜在的) present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden
Existing arrangements contain latent functions that can be neither seen nor replaced by the reformer.
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legerdemain: Read
/lɛdʒədə'meɪn/ n.
(戏法,花招) show of skill or deceitful cleverness, considered magical by naive observers
The magician demonstrated his renowned legerdemain.

licentious: Read
/laɪ'sɛnʃəs/ a. Syn. amoral; unrestrained
(不道德的,下流的,放纵的) amoral; unrestrained; lacking moral discipline or ignoring legal restraint
Unscrupulously seducing the daughter of his host, Don Juan felt no qualms about the immorality of his licentious behavior.
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limpid: Read
/'lɪmpɪd/ a. Syn. clear
(清澈) clear, transparent or bright; calm, untroubled, and without worry
A limpid stream ran through his property.
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maelstrom: Read
/'meɪlstrəm/ n. Syn. whirlpool
(漩涡) whirlpool; powerful circular current of water
The canoe was tossed about in the maelstrom, it had to leave the dangerous water quickly.
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magnanimous: Read
/mæg'nænɪməs/ a. Syn. generous; noble
(宽宏大量的) generous; high-minded; chivalrous
The last area where Obama should be magnanimous is on Defense policy.
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malediction: Read
/mælɪ'dɪkʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. curse
(诅咒) curse; evil speaking; utterance of curse or execration
When the magic mirror revealed that Snow White was still alive, the wicked queen cried out in rage and uttered dreadful malediction.
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malevolent: Read
/mə'lɛvələnt/ a. Syn. malicious
(坏心肠的) having or exhibiting ill will; wishing harm to others; malicious
Lago is a malevolent villain who takes pleasure in ruining Othello.
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manifold: Read
/'mænɪfoʊld/ a.
(繁多的,多种的) various in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied; complicated
The same threat is repeated in manifold forms to awaken the careless.
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maudlin: Read
/'mɔ:dlɪn/ a. Syn. sentimental
(多愁善感) tearfully sentimental; over-emotional; sickly-sentimental
One moment he was in maudlin tears and the next he was cracking some miserable joke about the disaster.
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mawkish: Read
/'mɔ:kɪʃ/ a. Syn. maudlin
(过分多愁善感,感情脆弱到令人作呕的) insincerely emotional; showing a sickly excess of sentiment
Whenever Gigi and her boyfriend would sigh and get all lovey-dovey, her little brother would shout, "Yuck!" protesting their mawkish behavior.

mendacious: Read
/mɛn'deɪʃəs/ a. Syn. lying
(撒谎成性的,撒谎的,假的) lying; habitually dishonest; speaking falsely
Distrusting Huck from the start, Miss Watson assumed he was mendacious and refused to believe a word he said.

mercurial: Read
/mɜrkjʊərɪəl/ a. Syn. capricious
(善变的,无常的) capricious; liable to sudden unpredictable change; quick and changeable in temperament
Quick as quicksilver to change, he was mercurial in nature and therefore unreliable.
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modicum: Read
/'mɒdɪkəm/ n.
(少量) limited quantity; small or moderate amount; any small thing
Although his story is based on a modicum of truth, most of the events he describes are fictitious.
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multifarious: Read
/mʌltɪ'fɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. varied
(多样的,各式各样的) varied; greatly diversified; made up of many differing parts
A career woman and mother, she was constantly busy with the multifarious activities of her daily life.
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myriad: Read
/'mɪrɪəd/ a. Syn. innumerable; many; countless; numberless
(无数,非常多) of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand
In China, for example, where a number of different dialects are spoken, the same character can be pronounced in myriad ways.
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nadir: Read
/'neɪdɪə(r)/ n.
(谷底,最低点,天底) lowest point; point on sphere opposites zenith diametrically
Although few people realized it, the Dow-Jones averages had reached their nadir and would soon begin an upward surge.

nascent: Read
/'næsənt/ a. Syn. incipient
(初生的) incipient; coming into existence; emerging
If we could identify these revolutionary movements in their nascent state, we would be able to eliminate serious trouble in later years.

nefarious: Read
/nɪ'fɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. abominable
(十恶不赦的) very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked
Our elected leaders, movie stars and sports heroes sometimes engaged in nefarious activities but rarely were they headlined in the daily newspapers.

neophyte: Read
/'ni:oʊfaɪt/ n. Syn. beginner
(新入教者,新信徒) recent convert to a belief; one newly initiated
This mountain slope contains slides that will challenge anyone, either expert or neophyte.
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