abjure: /æb'dʒʊə(r)/ v. Syn. renounce; abandon (发誓放弃) renounce upon oath; abandon forever He will abjure his allegiance to the king. Show more sentences
abrogate: /'æbroʊgeɪt/ a. Syn. abolish (废除) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.
acumen: /'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight (思想敏锐) mental keenness; quickness of perception However, her team's political acumen is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor. Show more sentences
adumbrate: /'ædʌmbreɪt/ v. Syn. overshadow; shade (勾画出轮廓,隐约显示,预示,蒙上阴影) give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade Her constant complaining about the job would adumbrate her intent to leave. Show more sentences
alacrity: /ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n. (欢快的情绪) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.
anathema: /ə'næθəmə/ n. (诅咒) solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words.
antipathy: /æn'tɪpəθɪ/ n. Syn. aversion; dislike (反对,厌恶) strong feeling of aversion; dislike Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife. Show more sentences
approbation: /æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval (同意,批准) expression of warm approval; praise She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them. Show more sentences
arrogate: /'æroʊgeɪt/ v. (非法霸占,僭越) claim without justification; claim for oneself without right Lynn watch in astonishments as her coworkers arrogate the credit for her brilliant work in the project. Show more sentences
ascetic: /ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe (苦行,禁欲) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders. Show more sentences
assiduous: /ə'sɪdjʊəs/;/ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. diligent; persistent (勤奋) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results. Show more sentences
boon: /bu:n/ n. Syn. blessing; benefit (恩惠,福利) blessing; benefit bestowed, especially in response to a request The recent rains that filled our empty reservoirs were a boon to the whole community. Show more sentences
brusque: /brʊsk/;/brʌsk/ a. Syn. blunt; abrupt (唐图,直率,粗暴无礼) abrupt and curt in manner or speech; rudely abrupt, unfriendly Was Bruce too brusque when he brushed off Bob's request with a curt "Not now!"? Show more sentences
burnish: /'bɜrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. polish (擦拭) make shiny by rubbing; polish I burnish the brass fixtures until they reflect the lamplight. Show more sentences
buttress: /'bʌtrɪs/ v. Syn. support (支持) support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence The attorney came up with several far-fetched arguments in a vain attempt to buttress his weak case. Show more sentences
cajole: /kə'dʒoʊl/ v. (哄骗,勾引) influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering Diane tried to cajole her father into letting her drive the family car. Show more sentences
calumny: /'kæləmnɪ/ n. Syn. slander (诽谤,中伤) false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander He could endure his financial failure, but he could not bear the calumny that his foes heaped upon him. Show more sentences
capricious: /kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary (反复无常的) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly. Show more sentences
clemency: /'klɛmənsɪ/ n. (温和,仁慈) mildness, as of the weather; merciful, kind, or lenient act The lawyer was pleased when the case was sent to Judge Smith's chambers because Smith was noted for her clemency toward first offenders. Show more sentences
cogent: /'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing (有说服力的) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so, including a full-tuition scholarship. Show more sentences
concomitant: /kən'kɒmɪtənt/ a. Syn. accompanying (伴随的) in conjunction with; accompanying; associated with These two-sided attributes are known as concomitant characteristics. Show more sentences
conflagration: /kɒnflə'greɪʃ(ə)n/ a. (大火灾,大火) large destructive fire; burning; large-scale military conflict After the conflagration had finally died down, the city center was nothing but a mass of blackened embers. Show more sentences
conundrum: /kə'nʌndrəm/ n. Syn. riddle (谜语) riddle; difficult problem; dilemma For this reason, the best way out of this conundrum is a political compromise.
credulity: /krɪ'dju:lɪtɪ/;/krɪ'du:lɪtɪ/ n. (轻信,易信) readiness of belief; disposition to believe on slight evidence The rascal lives on the credulity of the people. Show more sentences
cupidity: /kju:'pɪdɪtɪ/ n. Syn. greed (贪婪) greed; excessive desire, especially for wealth The defeated people could not satisfy the cupidity of the conquerors, who demanded excessive tribute. Show more sentences
cursory: /'kɜrsərɪ/ a. Syn. casual (草率,匆忙) casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed Because a cursory examination of the ruins indicates the possibility of arson, we believe the insurance agency should undertake a more extensive investigation of the fire's cause. Show more sentences
decry: /dɪ'kraɪ/ v. Syn. disparage (强烈反对) express strong disapproval of; disparage The founder of the Children's Defense Fund, Marian Wright Edelman, would strongly decry the lack of financial and moral support for children in America today. Show more sentences
defile: /di:'faɪl/ v. Syn. pollute (污染,亵渎) pollute; make dirty or spotty The hoodlums defile the church with their scurrilous writing. Show more sentences
deleterious: /dɛlɪ'tɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. harmful (有害的) having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous If you believe that smoking is deleterious to your health, then quit!.
demure: /dɪ'mjʊə(r)/ a. Syn. grave; serious (端庄的,认真的,腼腆的) modest and reserved in manner or behavior She was demure and reserved, a nice modest girl whom any young man would be proud to take home to his mother. Show more sentences
deprecate: /'dɛprɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. belittle (抗议,蔑视) express disapproval of; protest against; belittle A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy, Miss Post must deprecate the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names. Show more sentences
deride: /dɪ'raɪd/ v. Syn. ridicule (打趣,取消) ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt The critics deride his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously. Show more sentences
desecrate: /'dɛsɪkreɪt/ v. (亵渎) violate with violence, especially to sacred place Shattering the altar and trampling the holy objects underfoot, the invaders desecrate the sanctuary. Show more sentences
discursive: /dɪ'skɜrsɪv/ a. (散漫的,不得要领的) tending to depart from main point or cover a wide range of subjects As the lecturer wandered from topic to topic, we wondered what if any point there was to his discursive remarks. Show more sentences
dissemble: /dɪ'sɛmb(ə)l/ v. Syn. disguise; pretend (伪装,做作,掩饰) disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of Even though John tried to dissemble his motive for taking modern dance, we all knew he was there not to dance but to meet girls. Show more sentences
ebullient: /ɪ'bʌlɪənt/ a. (热情的,激动的) showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm Amy's ebullient nature could not be repressed; she' was always bubbling over with excitement. Show more sentences
effrontery: /ɛ'frʌntərɪ/ n. (厚颜无耻) shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and shameless audacity She had the effrontery to insult the guest. Show more sentences
egregious: /ɪ'gri:dʒəs/ a. Syn. notorious (及其令人痛恨的,声名狼藉,令人吃惊的) notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking She was an egregious liar; we all knew better than to believe a word she said.
enervate: /'ɛnəveɪt/ v. Syn. weaken (使变弱) weaken or destroy strength or vitality of; remove a nerve or part of a nerve She was slow to recover from her illness; even a short walk to the window would enervate her. Show more sentences
ephemeral: /ɪ'fɛmərəl/ a. (朝生暮死,短暂,短命) short-lived; enduring a very short time The mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life lasts little more than a day. Show more sentences
eschew: /ɪs'tʃu:/ v. Syn. avoid; escape (避免) avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand aloof from Hoping to present himself to his girlfriend as a totally reformed character, he tried to eschew all the vices, especially chewing tobacco and drinking bathtub gin. Show more sentences
evanescent: /i:və'nɛs(ə)nt/;/ɛv-/ a. Syn. fleeting; vanishing (消散的,凋零的) fleeting; vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor Brandon's satisfaction in his new job was evanescent, for he immediately began to notice its many drawbacks. Show more sentences
evince: /ɪ'vɪns/ v. Syn. manifest (表示) show or demonstrate clearly; overcome; conquer When he tried to answer the questions, I heard he evince his ignorance of the subject matter. Show more sentences
exculpate: /'ɛkskʌlpeɪt/ v. (开脱,洗脱) pronounce not guilty of criminal charges The court will exculpate him of the crime after the real criminal confesses. Show more sentences
execrable: /'ɛksɪkrəb(ə)l/ a. (非常糟糕的) very bad; extremely inferiorl; intolerable; very hateful The anecdote was in such execrable taste that it revolted the audience. Show more sentences
expiate: /'ɛkspɪeɪt/ v. Syn. atone (赎罪) make amends or pay the penalty for; relieve or cleanse of guilt He tried to expiate his crimes by a full confession to the authorities. Show more sentences
expunge: /ɛk'spʌndʒ/ v. Syn. cancel; remove (取消,去除,排除) cancel; remove; erase or strike out If you behave, I will expunge this notation from your record.
extant: /ɛk'stænt/ a. (现存的) still in existence; not destroyed, lost, or extinct Although the book is out of print, some copies are still extant. Unfortunately, all of them are in libraries or private collections; none are for sale. Show more sentences
extol: /ɪk'stɔl/ v. Syn. praise; glorify (赞美) praise highly; glorify; celebrate In his speech, the president will extol the astronauts, calling them the pioneers of the Space Age. Show more sentences
fallacious: /fə'leɪʃəs/ a. Syn. false; deceptive (假的,误导的) false; tending to mislead; deceptive Paradoxically, fallacious reasoning does not always yield erroneous results: even though your logic may be faulty, the answer you get may nevertheless be correct. Show more sentences
fastidious: /fæ'stɪdɪəs/ a. (挑剔的,难伺候的) difficult to please; having complicated requirements; excessively particular demanding about details Bobby was such a fastidious eater that he would eat a sandwich only if his mother first cut off every scrap of crust. Show more sentences
fatuous: /'fætjʊəs/ a. Syn. foolish (愚蠢的,不可理喻的,不理智的) foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way He is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks. Show more sentences
feral: /'fɪər(ə)l/ a. Syn. wild (野生的,未驯服的) not domestic; wild; existing in wild or untamed state Abandoned by their owners, dogs may revert to their feral state, roaming the woods in packs.
fetid: /'fɛtɪd/ a. Syn. stinking (恶臭的) unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking These dogs are housed in fetid, dark sheds and barns or left outside in cages exposed to the cold, the heat, the rain and the snow. Show more sentences
florid: /'flɒrɪd/;/'flɔ:rɪd/ a. Syn. ruddy; reddish (华丽的,红润的) reddish; elaborately or excessively ornamented If you go to beach and get a sunburn, your complexion will look florid. Show more sentences
fractious: /'frækʃəs/ a. Syn. unruly; disobedient; irritable (蛮横倔强的) inclined to make trouble; disobedient; irritable Bucking and kicking, the fractious horse unseated its rider.
garrulous: /'gærʊləs/ a. Syn. wordy; talkative (贫嘴) talking much and repetition of unimportant or trivial details My Uncle Henry can outtalk any three people I know. He is the most garrulous person in Cayuga County. Show more sentences
gregarious: /grɪ'gɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. sociable (社交的,群居) sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others Natural selection in gregarious animals operates upon groups rather than upon individuals. Show more sentences
hackneyed: /'hæknɪd/ a. Syn. commonplace (常见的,不希罕,陈腐) repeated too often; over familiar through overuse When the reviewer criticized the movie for its hackneyed plot, we agreed; we had seen similar stories hundreds of times before. Show more sentences
hapless: /'hæplɪs/ a. (不幸的) without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy His hapless lover was knocked down by a car. Show more sentences
harangue: /hə'ræŋ/ n. (夸大的讲话) noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders. Show more sentences
harangue: /hə'ræŋ/ n. (夸大的讲话) noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders. Show more sentences
hegemony: /hɪ'gɛmənɪ/;/'hɛdʒɛmoʊnɪ/ n. (霸权,盟主权) domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by political group or nation over others When Germany claimed hegemony over Russia, Stalin was outraged.
impassive: /ɪm'pæsɪv/ a. (冷漠的) without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited Refusing to let the enemy see how deeply shaken he was by his capture, the prisoner kept his face impassive. Show more sentences
imperious: /ɪm'pɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. dictatorial (专横的) urgent or pressing; able to deal authoritatively; dictatorial Jane rather liked a man to be masterful, but Mr. Rochester seemed so bent on getting his own way that he was actually imperious! Show more sentences
impertinent: /ɪm'pɜrtɪnənt/ a. Syn. rude (不相干的,鲁莽的) improperly forward or bold; rude His neighbors' impertinent curiosity about his lack of dates angered Ted; it was downright rude of them to ask him such personal questions. Show more sentences
impervious: /ɪm'pɜrvɪəs/ a. Syn. impenetrable (不能渗透的,不为所动的,不受影响的) impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed The carpet salesman told Simone that his most expensive brand of floor covering was warranted to be impervious to ordinary wear and tear. Show more sentences
impetuous: /ɪm'pɛtjʊəs/ a. Syn. violent; hasty; rash. (冲动的,鲁莽的) marked by sudden and violent force; hasty; impulsive and passionate I don't believe that "Leap before you look" is the motto suggested by one particularly impetuous young man. Show more sentences
impinge: /ɪm'pɪndʒ/ v. Syn. infringe; touch (撞击,碰撞) infringe; advance beyond usual limit; make physical impact on; touch How could they be married not to impinge on one another's freedom?. Show more sentences
implacable: /ɪm'plækəb(ə)l/ a. (不能平静的) incapable of being pacified; not to be relieved; Madame Defarge was the implacable enemy of the Evremonde family. Show more sentences
inchoate: /'ɪnkoʊət/ a. Syn. rudimentary; elementary (未成型的,早期的,刚开始的,发展中的) recently begun; imperfectly formed or developed; elementary Before the Creation, the world was an inchoate mass.
incontrovertible: /ɪnkɒntrə'vɜrtɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. indisputable (无疑的,无可争议的) indisputable; not open to question Unless you find the evidence against my client absolutely incontrovertible, you must declare her not guilty of this charge.
indefatigable: /ɪndɪ'fætɪgəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. tireless (疲倦) tireless; showing sustained enthusiastic action Although the effort of taking out the garbage tired Wayne out for the entire morning, when it came to partying, he was indefatigable. Show more sentences
ineffable: /ɪn'ɛfəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unutterable (不可言喻的,无法用语言表达的,不能说的,避讳的) unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech Such ineffable joy must be experienced; it cannot be described. Show more sentences
inexorable: /ɪn'ɛksərəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unyielding; implacable (无情的,残酷的) not capable of being swayed; unyielding; implacable The judge was inexorable and gave the convicted man the maximum punishment allowed by law. Show more sentences
ingenuous: /ɪn'dʒɛnjʊəs/ a. Syn. young; unsophisticated (心无城府的,天真的,幼稚的,可信的) naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated The woodsman had not realized how ingenuous Little Red Riding Hood was until he heard that she had gone off for a walk in the woods with the Big Bad Wolf. Show more sentences
inimical: /ɪ'nɪmɪk(ə)l/ a. Syn. unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental (不友好的,敌意的,有害的) unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental I've always been friendly to Martha. Why is she so inimical to me?. Show more sentences
iniquity: /ɪ'nɪkw(ə)tɪ/ n. (邪恶,不公正) absence of, or deviation from, just dealing; want of rectitude or uprightness; gross injustice; unrighteousness; wickedness He thought of New York as a den of iniquity. Show more sentences
insidious: /ɪn'sɪdɪəs/ a. Syn. treacherous; stealthy; sly (阴险的,奸诈的,狡猾的,鬼鬼祟祟的) spreading harmfully in a subtle manner; designed or adapted to entrap More insidious is the whole issue of the second amendment. Show more sentences
inure: /ɪ'njʊə(r)/ v. Syn. harden; habituate (使习惯于) apply in use; use or accustom till no pain or inconvenience; harden; habituate Then as it relates to the benefits that we expect to inure from the system itself, let me turn that over to Stan to give you some highlights. Show more sentences
invective: /ɪn'vɛktɪv/ n. Syn. abuse (谩骂,非难,恶言相加) abusive language used to express blame or ill will He had expected criticism but not the invective that greeted his proposal. Show more sentences
inveterate: /ɪn'vɛtərət/ a. Syn. habitual (根深蒂固的,积习已深的) deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual An inveterate smoker, Bob cannot seem to break the habit, no matter how hard he tries. Show more sentences
jubilant: /'dʒu:bɪlənt/ a. Syn. exultant; happy; merry (欢腾的,喜气洋洋的) happy; merry; joyful and proud especially because of triumph or success Arriving in Rome to a jubilant crowd and tearful relatives, the women said they had been treated well. Show more sentences
juxtaposition: /dʒʌkstəpə'zɪʃən/ n. Syn. apposition (并列,并置) act of positioning close together; side-by-side position It is the result of the juxtaposition of contrasting colors. Show more sentences
laconic: /lə'kɒnɪk/ a. Syn. concise (简洁的) brief; effectively cut short; marked by use of few words Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words. Show more sentences
languid: /'læŋgwɪd/ a. Syn. weak; sluggish (疲倦的,无精打采的) lacking energy or vitality; weak; sluggish; lacking spirit or liveliness Her siege of illness left her languid and pallid. Show more sentences
largess: /lɑrdʒɪs/ n. (赠送,赠礼) generous gift; money or gifts bestowed Lady Bountiful distributed largess to the poor. Show more sentences
latent: /'leɪtənt/ a. Syn. dormant; hidden (潜在的) present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden Existing arrangements contain latent functions that can be neither seen nor replaced by the reformer. Show more sentences
legerdemain: /lɛdʒədə'meɪn/ n. (戏法,花招) show of skill or deceitful cleverness, considered magical by naive observers The magician demonstrated his renowned legerdemain.
licentious: /laɪ'sɛnʃəs/ a. Syn. amoral; unrestrained (不道德的,下流的,放纵的) amoral; unrestrained; lacking moral discipline or ignoring legal restraint Unscrupulously seducing the daughter of his host, Don Juan felt no qualms about the immorality of his licentious behavior. Show more sentences
limpid: /'lɪmpɪd/ a. Syn. clear (清澈) clear, transparent or bright; calm, untroubled, and without worry A limpid stream ran through his property. Show more sentences
maelstrom: /'meɪlstrəm/ n. Syn. whirlpool (漩涡) whirlpool; powerful circular current of water The canoe was tossed about in the maelstrom, it had to leave the dangerous water quickly. Show more sentences
magnanimous: /mæg'nænɪməs/ a. Syn. generous; noble (宽宏大量的) generous; high-minded; chivalrous The last area where Obama should be magnanimous is on Defense policy. Show more sentences
malediction: /mælɪ'dɪkʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. curse (诅咒) curse; evil speaking; utterance of curse or execration When the magic mirror revealed that Snow White was still alive, the wicked queen cried out in rage and uttered dreadful malediction. Show more sentences
malevolent: /mə'lɛvələnt/ a. Syn. malicious (坏心肠的) having or exhibiting ill will; wishing harm to others; malicious Lago is a malevolent villain who takes pleasure in ruining Othello. Show more sentences
manifold: /'mænɪfoʊld/ a. (繁多的,多种的) various in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied; complicated The same threat is repeated in manifold forms to awaken the careless. Show more sentences
maudlin: /'mɔ:dlɪn/ a. Syn. sentimental (多愁善感) tearfully sentimental; over-emotional; sickly-sentimental One moment he was in maudlin tears and the next he was cracking some miserable joke about the disaster. Show more sentences
mawkish: /'mɔ:kɪʃ/ a. Syn. maudlin (过分多愁善感,感情脆弱到令人作呕的) insincerely emotional; showing a sickly excess of sentiment Whenever Gigi and her boyfriend would sigh and get all lovey-dovey, her little brother would shout, "Yuck!" protesting their mawkish behavior.
mendacious: /mɛn'deɪʃəs/ a. Syn. lying (撒谎成性的,撒谎的,假的) lying; habitually dishonest; speaking falsely Distrusting Huck from the start, Miss Watson assumed he was mendacious and refused to believe a word he said.
mercurial: /mɜrkjʊərɪəl/ a. Syn. capricious (善变的,无常的) capricious; liable to sudden unpredictable change; quick and changeable in temperament Quick as quicksilver to change, he was mercurial in nature and therefore unreliable. Show more sentences
modicum: /'mɒdɪkəm/ n. (少量) limited quantity; small or moderate amount; any small thing Although his story is based on a modicum of truth, most of the events he describes are fictitious. Show more sentences
multifarious: /mʌltɪ'fɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. varied (多样的,各式各样的) varied; greatly diversified; made up of many differing parts A career woman and mother, she was constantly busy with the multifarious activities of her daily life. Show more sentences
myriad: /'mɪrɪəd/ a. Syn. innumerable; many; countless; numberless (无数,非常多) of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand In China, for example, where a number of different dialects are spoken, the same character can be pronounced in myriad ways. Show more sentences
nadir: /'neɪdɪə(r)/ n. (谷底,最低点,天底) lowest point; point on sphere opposites zenith diametrically Although few people realized it, the Dow-Jones averages had reached their nadir and would soon begin an upward surge.
nascent: /'næsənt/ a. Syn. incipient (初生的) incipient; coming into existence; emerging If we could identify these revolutionary movements in their nascent state, we would be able to eliminate serious trouble in later years.
nefarious: /nɪ'fɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. abominable (十恶不赦的) very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked Our elected leaders, movie stars and sports heroes sometimes engaged in nefarious activities but rarely were they headlined in the daily newspapers.
neophyte: /'ni:oʊfaɪt/ n. Syn. beginner (新入教者,新信徒) recent convert to a belief; one newly initiated This mountain slope contains slides that will challenge anyone, either expert or neophyte. Show more sentences