200 Difficult Words - Group 1

 200 Difficult Words - Group 1View Group Words   
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abjure
Detail    speak

/æb'dʒʊə(r)/ v. Syn. renounce; abandon
(发誓放弃) renounce upon oath; abandon forever
He will abjure his allegiance to the king.
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abrogate
Detail    speak

/'æbroʊgeɪt/ a. Syn. abolish
(废除) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.
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acumen
Detail    speak

/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
(思想敏锐) mental keenness; quickness of perception
However, her team's political acumen is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor.
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adumbrate
Detail    speak

/'ædʌmbreɪt/ v. Syn. overshadow; shade
(勾画出轮廓,隐约显示,预示,蒙上阴影) give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
Her constant complaining about the job would adumbrate her intent to leave.
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alacrity
Detail    speak

/ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n.
(欢快的情绪) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.
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anathema
Detail    speak

/ə'næθəmə/ n.
(诅咒) solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words.
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antipathy
Detail    speak

/æn'tɪpəθɪ/ n. Syn. aversion; dislike
(反对,厌恶) strong feeling of aversion; dislike
Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife.
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approbation
Detail    speak

/æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval
(同意,批准) expression of warm approval; praise
She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them.
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arrogate
Detail    speak

/'æroʊgeɪt/ v.
(非法霸占,僭越) claim without justification; claim for oneself without right
Lynn watch in astonishments as her coworkers arrogate the credit for her brilliant work in the project.
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ascetic
Detail    speak

/ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe
(苦行,禁欲) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.
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assiduous
Detail    speak

/ə'sɪdjʊəs/;/ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. diligent; persistent
(勤奋) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results.
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boon
Detail    speak

/bu:n/ n. Syn. blessing; benefit
(恩惠,福利) blessing; benefit bestowed, especially in response to a request
The recent rains that filled our empty reservoirs were a boon to the whole community.
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brusque
Detail    speak

/brʊsk/;/brʌsk/ a. Syn. blunt; abrupt
(唐图,直率,粗暴无礼) abrupt and curt in manner or speech; rudely abrupt, unfriendly
Was Bruce too brusque when he brushed off Bob's request with a curt "Not now!"?
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burnish
Detail    speak

/'bɜrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. polish
(擦拭) make shiny by rubbing; polish
I burnish the brass fixtures until they reflect the lamplight.
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buttress
Detail    speak

/'bʌtrɪs/ v. Syn. support
(支持) support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
The attorney came up with several far-fetched arguments in a vain attempt to buttress his weak case.
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cajole
Detail    speak

/kə'dʒoʊl/ v.
(哄骗,勾引) influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering
Diane tried to cajole her father into letting her drive the family car.
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calumny
Detail    speak

/'kæləmnɪ/ n. Syn. slander
(诽谤,中伤) false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander
He could endure his financial failure, but he could not bear the calumny that his foes heaped upon him.
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capricious
Detail    speak

/kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary
(反复无常的) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly.
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clemency
Detail    speak

/'klɛmənsɪ/ n.
(温和,仁慈) mildness, as of the weather; merciful, kind, or lenient act
The lawyer was pleased when the case was sent to Judge Smith's chambers because Smith was noted for her clemency toward first offenders.
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cogent
Detail    speak

/'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing
(有说服力的) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so, including a full-tuition scholarship.
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