10th Grade Word List - Language Arts

Words for students of 10th Grade, the page is for arts words (Difficult Words 2), which are important supplementary words for 10th Grade academic classes.
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 10th Grade: 10th Grade Word List - Language Arts (Difficult Words 2)
adjuration
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n. a solemn and earnest appeal to someone to do something
anhydrous
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a. without water; especially without water of crystallization
aquiline
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a. curved or hooked like an eagle's beak
awry
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ad. in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course
bagatelle
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n. something of little value or significance; a light piece of music for piano
bibelot
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n. a small household, ornament, or decorative object
boll
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n. the rounded seed-bearing capsule of a cotton or flax plant
burin
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n. a chisel of tempered steel with a sharp point; used for engraving
calcimine
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n. a water-base paint containing zinc oxide and glue and coloring; used as a wash for walls and ceilings
carouse
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n. revelry in drinking; a merry drinking party
circumlocution
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n. indirect or roundabout expression; evasion in speech or writing
coeval
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a. of the same period; having the same age or date of origin; contemporary
colossus
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n. someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful; a person of exceptional importance and reputation
conciliate
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v. cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of; make one thing compatible with another
confluent
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n. a branch that flows into the main stream; flowing together
consumptive
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a. afflicted with or associated with pulmonary tuberculosis; tending to consume or use often wastefully
contumacy
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n. obstinate rebelliousness; resistance to authority; willful refusal to appear before a court or comply with a court order
coronet
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n. margin between the skin of the pastern and the horn of the hoof
cosmopolitanism
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n. ideology that all human beings belong to a single community, based on a shared morality
declamatory
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a. expressing feelings or opinions in a way that is loud and forceful
deist
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n. a person who believes that God created the universe and then abandoned it
denunciation
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n. a public act of denouncing; public condemnation of someone or something
derrick
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n. a framework erected over an oil well to allow drill tubes to be raised and lowered
detrude
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v. force down or thrust away or out
digraph
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n. two successive letters, especially two letters used to represent a single sound as 'sh' in 'shoe'
discontinuance
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n. the act of discontinuing or breaking off; an interruption
dispensation
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n. a share that has been dispensed or distributed; an exemption from some rule or obligation
disrepute
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n. discredit; dishonor; the state of being held in low esteem
dissuasion
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n. persuading not to do or believe something; talking someone out of a belief or an intended course of action
dolor
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n. painful grief; a state of great sorrow or distress
dudgeon
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n. a feeling of intense indignation
effeminacy
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n. having traits, tastes, habits, traditionally considered feminine
effulgence
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n. the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light
emaciate
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v. grow weak and thin or waste away physically; cause to grow thin or weak
encyclical
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a. intended for wide distribution
espy
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v. catch sight of; glimpse; discover at a distance
euphony
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n. any agreeable, pleasing, and harmonious sounds
exegesis
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n. explanation; interpretation, especially of biblical or religious text
expostulate
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v. reason with somebody for the purpose of dissuasion
factious
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a. dissenting, especially dissenting with the majority opinion
festal
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a. offering fun and gaiety; befitting a feast, festival, holiday, or gala occasion
foppery
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n. foolish character or action; the behavior or dress of a fop
furtherance
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n. encouragement of the progress or growth or acceptance of something; the advancement of some enterprise
glutinous
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a. having the sticky properties of an adhesive
hegira
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n. a journey by a large group to escape from a hostile environment
improvisation
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n. an unplanned expedient; a performance given extempore without planning or preparation
ingenue
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n. innocent girl or young woman; actress who plays such parts
interpolation
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n. a message, spoken or written, that is introduced or inserted; the action of interjecting or interposing an action or remark that interrupts
inundation
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n. an overwhelming number or amount; the rising of a body of water and its overflowing onto normally dry land
ionization
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n. the condition of being dissociated into ions; the process of ionizing; the formation of ions by separating atoms or molecules
irruption
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n. a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence; a sudden sharp increase in the relative numbers of a population
juridical
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a. relating to the administration of justice or the function of a judge; of or relating to the law or jurisprudence
latish
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a. somewhat or rather late
lexicography
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n. the act of writing dictionaries
ligneous
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a. consisting of or containing lignin or xylem
litigious
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a. of or relating to litigation; showing an inclination to dispute or disagree, even to engage in law suits
luxuriance
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n. the property of being lush and abundant and a pleasure to the senses
manumit
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v. free from slavery or servitude
metempsychosis
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n. after death the soul begins a new cycle of existence in another human body
militate
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v. have force or influence; bring about an effect or change
missive
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n. letter; written message; a written communication
monomania
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n. a mania restricted to one thing or idea
mufti
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n. a Muslim legal expert who is empowered to give rulings on religious matters
necrology
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n. a notice of someone's death; usually includes a short biography; a list of people who died recently
nether
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a. situated down or below; lying beneath, or in the lower part; having a lower position; lower; under;
obsequious
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a. slavishly attentive; attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
obviate
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v. bypass requirement or make it unnecessary; get rid of
oratorio
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n. musical composition for voices and orchestra based on religious text
palliate
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v. lessen violence of disease; moderate intensity; gloss over with excuses
patrimony
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n. an inheritance coming by right of birth; a church endowment
peerage
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n. the peers of a kingdom considered as a group
pentathlon
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n. an athletic contest consisting of five different events
perspicacity
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n. the capacity to assess situations shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions; intelligence manifested by being astute
philander
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v. have amorous affairs; talk or behave amorously, without serious intentions
platitudinous
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a. dull and tiresome; used too often to be interesting or thoughtful
precedential
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a. having precedence, especially because of longer service
prolix
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a. tediously prolonged or tending to speak or write at great length
quizzical
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a. suggesting puzzlement; mocking; curious
reliquary
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n. a container where religious relics are stored or displayed, especially relics of saints
retrench
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v. cut down; change the way things are done in order to spend less money; economize
sacrosanct
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a. regarded as sacred and inviolable; too important to be changed
satirize
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v. make object of satire; attack with satire; censure with keenness or severe sarcasm.
sirocco
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n. a windstorm that lifts up clouds of dust or sand
temporize
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v. act evasively in order to gain time, avoid argument, or postpone a decision
unwonted
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a. out of the ordinary; not customary or usual
withe
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n. band or rope made of twisted twigs or stems; strong flexible twig