10th Grade Word List - Language Arts

Words for students of 10th Grade, the page is for arts words (Difficult Words 1), which are important supplementary words for 10th Grade academic classes.
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 10th Grade: 10th Grade Word List - Language Arts (Difficult Words 1)
abash
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v. embarrass; make ashamed or uneasy; disconcert
abnegate
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v. give up or surrender; deny something to oneself
affluent
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a. having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value
alleviate
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v. provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
burgeon
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v. grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly
burlesque
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v. give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly or humorously
coalesce
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v. combine; fuse; grow together; come together so as to form one whole; unite
consort
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v. habitually associate with someone; keep company
contagion
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n. the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people; any disease easily transmitted by contact
copious
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a. plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply
decimate
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v. destroy or kill a large part of; select by lot and kill one in every ten of
deleterious
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a. having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
delude
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v. deceive mind or judgment of; lead from truth or into error; frustrate or disappoint
demagogue
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n. person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people
derision
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n. the act of treating with contempt; contemptuous laughter
domesticity
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n. domestic activities or life; home or family life
edify
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v. instruct or correct, especially so as to encourage intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement
elusive
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a. difficult to describe; difficult to detect or grasp by mind
espouse
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v. take in marriage; marry; give one's loyalty or support to; adopt
exonerate
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v. acquit; free from blame; discharge from duty
faction
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n. a party of persons having a common end in view
fetter
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v. restrain with U-shaped bar for ankles or feet; impede; hamper
flamboyant
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a. elaborately or excessively ornamented
fortuitous
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a. accidental; by chance; coming or occurring without any cause
garrulous
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a. talking much and repetition of unimportant or trivial details
grisly
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a. frightfully; terribly; causing horror or disgust
hiatus
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n. gap; interruption in duration or continuity; pause
hyperbole
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n. figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis; overstatement
idyllic
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a. excellent and delightful in all respects
impeccable
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a. faultless; incapable of sin or wrongdoing
inane
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a. silly; senseless; unconsciously foolish; void
incorrigible
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a. not correctable; difficult or impossible to control or manage
indignant
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a. affected with indignation; wrathful; passionate; irate; feeling wrath by unworthy or unjust treatment
inexhaustible
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a. incapable of being exhausted, emptied, or used up; unfailing; not to be wasted or spent
inflammation
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n. the act of setting something on fire; arousal to violent emotion
innate
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a. possessed at birth; inborn; originating in the mind
insinuate
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v. hint; suggest; introduce by subtle and artful means
insolent
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a. strange; unusual; haughty or brutal in behavior or language; grossly rude or disrespectful
integrate
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v. make whole; combine; make into one unit
introversion
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n. the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface; the condition of being folded inward or sheathed
judicious
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a. exhibiting good judgment or sound thinking; prudent
languish
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v. lose animation; be or become weak or feeble; lose strength or vigor
legislative
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a. relating to a legislature or composed of members of a legislature; of or relating to or created by legislation
loquacious
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a. talkative; given to continual talking; chattering
magnanimous
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a. very generous or forgiving, especially toward someone less powerful than oneself; chivalrous
maxim
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n. proverb; formulation of fundamental principle or general truth
milieu
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n. environment; person’s social setting or environment
mollify
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v. make less rigid or softer; calm in temper or feeling
morose
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a. ill humored; sullen; depressingly dark; gloomy; persistent
mundane
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a. belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly; concerned with commonplaces; ordinary
nebulous
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a. lacking definite form or limits; hazy; cloudy
nocturnal
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a. of or relating to or occurring in the night; most active at night
noxious
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a. harmful to living things; injurious to health
obstinacy
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n. the quality or state of being difficult to remedy, relieve, or subdue; resolute adherence to own ideas or desires
onerous
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a. burdensome or oppressive; not easily borne; wearing
ostentatious
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a. showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
paltry
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a. insignificant; lacking in importance or worth; worthless
paradox
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n. something apparently contradictory in nature; statement that looks false but is actually correct
patent
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a. open for the public to read; obvious; plain
paucity
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n. scarcity; smallness of number; the presence of something only in small or insufficient amounts
pedantic
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a. marked by narrow focus on or display of learning, especially formal rules and trivial points
penchant
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n. strong inclination; definite liking
perennial
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n. lasting indefinitely long time; suggesting self-renewal; remaining active throughout all the time
pernicious
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a. very destructive; tending to cause death or serious injury; deadly
platitude
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n. dullness; insipidity of thought; commonplace statement; lack of originality
polarize
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v. split into opposite extremes or camps
postulate
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n. essential premise; underlying assumption
preclude
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v. make impossible, as by action taken in advance; prevent; eliminate
pristine
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a. uncorrupted by civilization; primitive; remaining free from dirt or decay
prosaic
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a. dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; factual
rationale
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n. fundamental reasons; basis; exposition of principles or reasons
redolent
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a. fragrant; odorous; suggestive of odor
relegate
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v. assign to obscure place, position, or condition; delegate; assign
reprisal
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n. action taken in return for injury or offense
salient
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a. prominent or protruding; projecting outwardly; moving by leaps or springs
sanctimonious
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a. excessively or hypocritically pious; possessing sanctity; sacred; holy; saintly; religious
scrupulous
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a. exactly and carefully conducted; by extreme care and great effort; cautious
sentient
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a. endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness; consciously perceiving
sloth
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n. laziness; apathy and inactivity in the practice of virtue; any of several slow-moving arboreal mammals
static
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a. having no motion; being at rest; fixed; stationary
surfeit
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v. eat until excessively full; be more than full; feed someone to excess
temerity
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n. boldness; rashness; foolhardy disregard of danger
tenuous
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a. long and thin; slender; having little substance
urbane
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a. showing a high degree of refinement
vernacular
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n. everyday speech of people, as distinguished from literary language; natural style; standard native language of a country or locality
vindicate
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v. clear from blame; exonerate; maintain, uphold, or defend