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IELTS Academic Words Level 1 - 1: Print Flashcard

abandon
n. [포기] lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
abort
v. [취소] stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
abortion
n. [낙태] termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
absurd
a. [부조리] preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
abuse
n. [학대] improper use or handling; misuse
academic
a. [학술] related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to the scholarly organization; based on formal education
academy
n. [아카데미] school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists
access
n. [교통 안내] approach; entry; entrance
account
n. [계정] narrative or record of events; the reason given for a particular action or event
accountant
n. [회계사 정보] one who maintains and audits business accounts
accurate
a. [정확] capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
accuse
v. [고발] blame; say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal, or unkind
accused
n. [고소] defendant or defendants in a criminal case; a person charged with an offense
acid
n. [달성] sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
acknowledge
v. [인정] declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
address
v. [주소] make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
adjust
v. [조정] change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable
administration
n. [관리] management; supervision; people who are in charge of management; the activity of government for powers and duties
adopt
v. [입양] accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
adore
v. [숭배] worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
adult
n. [성인] one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown
affect
v. [영향] have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
affection
n. [애정] fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness
afford
v. [여유] pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
agency
n. [기관] a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
agenda
n. [의제] items of business at a meeting; list or program of things to be done or considered
aggressive
a. [공격적으로] making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
agreement
n. [계약] state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character
aid
n. [도움] person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
air
v. [공기] be broadcast on television or radio
aisle
n. [통로] passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; the wing of a building
alarm
n. [경보기] any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger
album
n. [앨범] a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing, photographs
alien
a. [외국인] dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person
alliance
n. [제휴] state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union of interests between families, states, parties
ally
n. [앨리] confederate; partner; collaborator
alone
a. [혼자] solitary; by oneself, not with any other people  
alternative
n. [대체] one of two or more things, ideas, or courses of action that may be used; option or choice
amaze
v. [놀라게] astonish; affect with wonder
ambassador
n. [앰버서더] authorized messenger or representative
ambulance
n. [구급차] field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; a wagon for conveying the wounded to hospital
amount
n. [금액] total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum
anniversary
a. [주년] annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place
annual
a. [연례] occurring or payable every year
anonymous
a. [익명] having no name; having an unknown or unacknowledged name
antique
n. [골동품] any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
anxiety
n. [불안] concern something  in a state of painful uneasiness;  state of restlessness and agitation
anyhow
ad. [얘기할] in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event
apart
ad. [갈라] separately, regarding space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside
appeal
n. [어필] attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
appetite
n. [식욕] instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
apply
v. [신청] exert; put into service; avail oneself to;
appointment
n. [예약] act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
appreciate
v. [감사] be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
approach
n. [접근법] a way of considering or doing something
appropriate
v. [해당] acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
approval
n. [승인] official approbation; endorsement; an act of approving
area
n. [지역] a plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range
argue
v. [논쟁] invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate
arrogant
a. [오만] arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
article
n. [문서] essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class
ashamed
a. [부끄러워] affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt
aside
ad. [제쳐] on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest
aspirin
n. [아스피린] white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation
assault
n. [폭행] a violent attack; an onslaught
assist
v. [지원] give help or support to, especially as a subordinate
associate
v. [연결] connect or join together; combine
assume
v. [가정] suppose; presume; take on; bear
assure
v. [보증] tell someone confidently that something is true; guarantee; convince
attack
n. [공격] offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment
attempt
n. [시도] the action of trying at something
attend
v. [출석] be present at; go to; take care of; tend
attitude
n. [태도] posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue
attorney
n. [변호사] lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy
attractive
a. [매력] appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
auction
n. [옥션] public sale of property to the highest bidder
audience
n. [청중] a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
authority
n. [권위] jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government
available
a. [해당] convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
avoid
v. [피하] shield away from; prevent
aware
a. [인식] knowing; having knowledge or cognizance
awful
a. [무서운] causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible
awkward
a. [곤란] difficult to handle or manage
bachelor
n. [학사] unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges
backward
a. [뒤로] directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped
bacon
n. [베이컨] back and sides of a pig salted and smoked
badge
n. [배지] a distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person
baggage
n. [수하물] trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one's belongings while traveling; luggage
bait
v. [미끼] harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
bake
v. [베이킹] prepare, as food, by cooking in dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal
balance
n. [균형] being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability
balcony
n. [발코니] platform projecting from the wall of a building
bald
a. [대머리] hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering
ballet
n. [발레] a sort of theatrical representation by dancers
band
n. [밴드] orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; ally
bang
n. [쾅] a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success
banner
n. [배너] flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page
bar
n. [바] a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
barbecue
n. [바베큐] a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors
bare
a. [베어] lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing
barely
ad. [간신히] just; only; hardly; scarcely
bargain
n. [파격 할인] agreement between parties concerning the sale of property
barn
n. [창고] an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
barrel
n. [총신] vessel; large cylindrical container
baseball
n. [야구] game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this game
basement
n. [지하] cellar; a part of a building that is below the level of the first floor
battery
n. [배터리] beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; a dry cell that produces an electric current
bay
n. [베이] an inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; a small body of water set off from the main body
beam
n. [빔] ray of light; a long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool
bear
v. [곰] support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support
bearing
n. [베어링] carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; the act of producing or giving birth
beat
v. [비트] whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly
beaten
a. [구타] formed or made thin by hammering; totally worn-out; exhausted
behalf
n. [대리] represent;  advantage, benefit, the interest of someone
behave
v. [행동] perform; conduct oneself in a proper way
belly
n. [배] part of the human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb
beloved
a. [비난] greatly loved; dear to the heart
bend
v. [굽힘] strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain point
benefit
n. [빈] advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being; welfare; gain
bent
a. [구부러진] determined to do or have
bet
n. [불꽃] stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wager
betray
v. [배신] be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly
bid
v. [축복] make an offer of; propose; offer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance
bite
v. [내기] pierce the skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp taste
bitter
a. [음료] harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious
bizarre
a. [기괴한] fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance
blame
v. [참고 문헌] condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
blank
a. [입찰] of white or pale color; without color; empty; void
blast
n. [양자] explode; burst; gale; a powerful gust of wind or air
bleed
v. [약력] emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the body
bless
v. [쓰라린] make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happy
block
v. [블록] hinder; obstruct;  indicate broadly without great detail; sketch
blonde
a. [금발의] of a fair color; light-colored; as, blond hair; a blond complexion.
board
n. [이사회] a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
boarding
n. [기숙사] wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay
bold
a. [대담] brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
bolt
v. [볼트] dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
bond
n. [채권] link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty
bonus
n. [보너스] an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation
boom
n. [붐] bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish
booth
n. [부스] house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure
border
n. [테두리] outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundary
bore
v. [치명] drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill
bother
v. [신경] annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster
bounce
v. [반송] jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surface
bound
n. [반송 보어 행] tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump
boutique
n. [부티크] small shop within a large department store or supermarket
brand
n. [상표] a burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way
break
n. [휴식] opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; a sudden change
breakdown
n. [분석] process of failing to function or continue; a sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary of itemized data
breeze
n. [산들바람] light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly
bribe
n. [뇌물] something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift to prevent judgment
brief
a. [소개] short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise
briefcase
n. [서류 가방] portable, often flat case with a handle, used for carrying papers or books
brilliant
a. [화려한] full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone
brutal
a. [잔인한] like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless
bubble
n. [풍선] foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or belief
buck
v. [책임] move quickly and violently; jump vertically; strive with determination
bucket
n. [양동이] vessel for drawing up water from a well; a vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain
bud
n. [버드] one that is not yet fully developed; sprout
budget
n. [예산] estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose
bug
n. [버그] general name applied to various insects
bull
n. [황소] male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business conditions
bully
n. [깡패] noisy, blustering fellow; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; insolent, tyrannical fellow
bump
n. [밤] impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blow
bunch
n. [다발] clump; cluster; gathering
bush
n. [부시] place abounding in trees or shrubs; the wild forest
business
n. [비즈니스] rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade-in which a person is engaged; commercial enterprise
bust
n. [가슴] the occasion for excessive eating or drinking; complete failure; sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person
buzz
n. [버즈] confusion of activity and gossip; the sound of rapid vibration
cabin
n. [오두막] a small room on a ship or boat where people sleep
cabinet
n. [캐비닛] group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small room; a closet
cable
n. [케이블] solid thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire
cafe
n. [카페] coffee house; restaurant where coffee and liquors are served
cafeteria
n. [식당] a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier
calendar
n. [일정] the orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days
campaign
n. [캠페인] battle; a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
campus
n. [캠퍼스] the field where the buildings of a university are situated
cancel
v. [취소] revoke; call off; omit or delete
candidate
n. [후보자] a person who is considered for something; a person who is nominated for an office, prize, or honor
capable
a. [수] having the ability required for a specific task
capacity
n. [용량] mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate
cape
n. [망토] piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment
capital
n. [자본] wealth in the form of money or property; assets available for use; a city that is the official seat of government
capture
n. [캡쳐] act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem
carrot
n. [당근] the root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped and of a reddish yellow color
carry
v. [수행] convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bear
cart
n. [장바구니] common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagon
carton
n. [판지 상자] pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard box
cash
n. [현금] money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currency
cast
v. [캐스트] assign the roles of; choose at random
casual
a. [dreary] informal; purposeless; occurring by chance
catch
v. [잡기] capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in time
catching
a. [잡기] act of seizing or taking hold of; captivating; alluring
catholic
a. [카톨릭] broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Church
cellar
n. [지하실] room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground
cemetery
n. [묘지] place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard
cereal
n. [시리얼] grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as a food
ceremony
n. [의식] a formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or custom
certificate
n. [증명서] the document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course
challenge
v. [도전] assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to
chamber
n. [챔버] cell; compartment; room
champagne
n. [샴페인] light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France
champion
v. [챔피언] protect or fight for the first place
channel
n. [채널] passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access
chaos
n. [혼란] disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass
chapel
n. [교회] place of worship that is smaller than and subordinate to a church; service conducted in a chapel
chapter
n. [장] division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society
charge
v. [요금] set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fill; instruct or urge authoritatively; command
charity
n. [자선] activity or gift that benefits the public at large
charm
n. [매력] power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefit
chart
n. [차트] graph; diagram;  map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators
chase
v. [추적] pursue to kill or take; hunt; follow as if to catch
chat
n. [채팅] talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation
check
v. [확인] stop motion; curb or restrain
cheer
n. [치어 리더] the lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshment
cherish
v. [아끼고] harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear
chew
v. [씹어] bite and grind with the teeth
chief
a. [수석] highest in office or rank; principal; head
chill
a. [감기] cool; freeze; a feeling of cold
chin
n. [턱] the central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of the face
chip
v. [칩] cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crack
choir
n. [성가대] band or organized company of singers, especially in church service
choke
v. [질식] breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply
circuit
n. [회로] electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
circus
n. [서커스] public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals
civil
a. [민사] having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
civilian
a. [민간인] of or relating to non-military life
claim
n. [주장] demand for something as rightful or due
classic
n. [고전] work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence
clearance
n. [허가] act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trust
click
v. [누릅니다] make a slight, sharp noise by gentle striking; tick
client
n. [클라이언트] someone who pays to get goods or services
clinic
n. [클리닉] healthcare facility for outpatient care
clip
n. [클립] a small section of filmed or filed material
closet
n. [옷장] a small room or apartment; room for privacy
clue
n. [단서] a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate nature
coach
n. [코치] tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers
cocaine
n. [코카인] drug extracted from coca leaves as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure, that can become addictive
code
n. [코드] body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words
coin
v. [동전] make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate
coincidence
n. [우연] two or more things occurring at the same time by chance
column
n. [칼럼] pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright body or mass
combat
v. [전투] struggle as with an opposing force; fight with
combine
v. [결합] blend; fuse; merge
comedy
n. [코메디] light and humorous drama with a happy ending
comic
a. [만화] arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorous
comment
v. [댓글] express an opinion; remark
commercial
a. [상용] money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass market
commission
n. [위원회] fee for services; a group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize
commit
v. [저지] do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted
commitment
n. [헌신] pledge, undertaking; an act of binding yourself  to a course of action
committee
n. [위원회] special group delegated to consider some matter
communicate
v. [통신] send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly
communication
n. [커뮤니케이션] the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
community
n. [커뮤니티] society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government
company
n. [회사 소개] team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprise
compare
v. [나침반] examine and note the similarities or differences of
competition
n. [경쟁] struggle; rivalry; an act of competing as for a profit prize
competitive
a. [복잡] of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fighting disposition
complex
a. [안색 비교] complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures
complicated
a. [복잡한] difficult to analyze or understand
compliment
n. [칭찬] praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise
compromise
v. [타협 viscid] adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
concentrate
v. [집중] bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body
concept
n. [개념] something formed in mind; thought or notion
concern
n. [관심사] interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety
concrete
n. [콘크리트] solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate, and gravel
condition
n. [조건] mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstances
conduct
v. [행위] direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide
confess
v. [고백] acknowledge; admit that you have done something wrong
confidence
n. [자신감] feeling secure or certain about something
confident
a. [자신감] assured; having or marked by assurance
confidential
a. [기밀] treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret
confirm
v. [확인] support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify
conflict
n. [갈등] fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events
confront
v. [직면] be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with
confusion
n. [혼동] a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order
congress
n. [의회] meeting of elected or appointed representatives
conscience
n. [양심] motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgment
conscious
a. [의식] awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you; alert
conspiracy
n. [공모] plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act
constant
a. [상수] invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent
constitution
n. [헌장] law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming something
consult
v. [문의] seek advice or information of; take into account; consider
consumer
n. [소비자] people who buy goods or services
contact
v. [연락처] get in touch with; reach
contempt
n. [경멸] state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
content
n. [콘텐츠] volume; something contained; material, including text and images
contest
v. [경연 대회] contend for; call in question; oppose; dispute
contract
v. [계약서] constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate
contrary
a. [반대] relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose
convention
n. [컨벤션] social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states
convict
v. [죄수] find or declare guilty
conviction
n. [신념] the judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
convince
v. [설득] overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guilty
cooperate
v. [협조] work or act together toward a common end or purpose
core
n. [코어] basic, center,  or most important part; the essence
corner
n. [코너 편의] position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an angle
corporate
a. [기업] united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to a corporation or incorporated body