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IELTS Academic Words Level 1 - 1: Print Flashcard

abandon
n. [چھوڑ] lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
abort
v. [گرا] stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
abortion
n. [اسقاط حمل] termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
absurd
a. [بیہودہ کلام] preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
abuse
n. [بدسلوکی] improper use or handling; misuse
academic
a. [تعلیمی] related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to the scholarly organization; based on formal education
academy
n. [اکیڈمی] school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists
access
n. [رسائی] approach; entry; entrance
account
n. [اکاؤنٹ] narrative or record of events; the reason given for a particular action or event
accountant
n. [اکاؤنٹنٹ] one who maintains and audits business accounts
accurate
a. [درست] capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
accuse
v. [تہمت] blame; say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal, or unkind
accused
n. [الزام لگانے میں] defendant or defendants in a criminal case; a person charged with an offense
acid
n. [ایسڈ کا الزام لگایا] sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
acknowledge
v. [بیان تسلیم] declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
address
v. [ایڈریس] make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
adjust
v. [ایڈجسٹ] change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable
administration
n. [نواز انتظامیہ] management; supervision; people who are in charge of management; the activity of government for powers and duties
adopt
v. [اپنانے] accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
adore
v. [پسند] worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
adult
n. [بالغ] one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown
affect
v. [متاثر] have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
affection
n. [دلار] fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness
afford
v. [متحمل] pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
agency
n. [ایجینسی] a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
agenda
n. [ایجنڈا] items of business at a meeting; list or program of things to be done or considered
aggressive
a. [ناگوار] making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
agreement
n. [معاہدہ] state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character
aid
n. [مدد] person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
air
v. [ہوا] be broadcast on television or radio
aisle
n. [گلیارے] passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; the wing of a building
alarm
n. [الارم] any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger
album
n. [البم] a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing, photographs
alien
a. [پردیسی] dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person
alliance
n. [اتحاد] state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union of interests between families, states, parties
ally
n. [اتحادی] confederate; partner; collaborator
alone
a. [واحد] solitary; by oneself, not with any other people  
alternative
n. [اختیاری] one of two or more things, ideas, or courses of action that may be used; option or choice
amaze
v. [تعجب میں ڈالیں] astonish; affect with wonder
ambassador
n. [سفیر] authorized messenger or representative
ambulance
n. [ایمبولینس] field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; a wagon for conveying the wounded to hospital
amount
n. [رقم] total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum
anniversary
a. [سالگرہ] annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place
annual
a. [سالانہ] occurring or payable every year
anonymous
a. [گمنام] having no name; having an unknown or unacknowledged name
antique
n. [قدیم] any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
anxiety
n. [پریشانی] concern something  in a state of painful uneasiness;  state of restlessness and agitation
anyhow
ad. [کسی بھی طرح] in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event
apart
ad. [علاوہ] separately, regarding space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside
appeal
n. [اپیل] attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
appetite
n. [رغبت] instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
apply
v. [لاگو] exert; put into service; avail oneself to;
appointment
n. [سائٹ] act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
appreciate
v. [تعریف] be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
approach
n. [رابطہ] a way of considering or doing something
appropriate
v. [مناسب] acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
approval
n. [منظوری] official approbation; endorsement; an act of approving
area
n. [علاقے] a plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range
argue
v. [] invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate
arrogant
a. [تکبر] arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
article
n. [مضمون] essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class
ashamed
a. [شرمندگی] affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt
aside
ad. [باجو] on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest
aspirin
n. [یسپرن] white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation
assault
n. [حملہ] a violent attack; an onslaught
assist
v. [مدد] give help or support to, especially as a subordinate
associate
v. [ایسوسی] connect or join together; combine
assume
v. [سنبھالنے] suppose; presume; take on; bear
assure
v. [گارنٹی] tell someone confidently that something is true; guarantee; convince
attack
n. [حملہ] offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment
attempt
n. [کوشش] the action of trying at something
attend
v. [شرکت] be present at; go to; take care of; tend
attitude
n. [رویہ] posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue
attorney
n. [اٹارنی] lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy
attractive
a. [کشش] appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
auction
n. [نیلامی] public sale of property to the highest bidder
audience
n. [سامعین] a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
authority
n. [اتھارٹی] jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government
available
a. [دستیاب] convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
avoid
v. [معلومات] shield away from; prevent
aware
a. [] knowing; having knowledge or cognizance
awful
a. [عبرت ناک] causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible
awkward
a. [عجیب] difficult to handle or manage
bachelor
n. [انڈرگریجویٹ] unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges
backward
a. [پچھڑے] directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped
bacon
n. [بیکن] back and sides of a pig salted and smoked
badge
n. [بیج] a distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person
baggage
n. [سامان] trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one's belongings while traveling; luggage
bait
v. [چارہ] harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
bake
v. [پکانا] prepare, as food, by cooking in dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal
balance
n. [توازن] being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability
balcony
n. [بالکنی] platform projecting from the wall of a building
bald
a. [گنجی] hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering
ballet
n. [رقص] a sort of theatrical representation by dancers
band
n. [بینڈ] orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; ally
bang
n. [بینگ] a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success
banner
n. [دیوالیہ بینر] flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page
bar
n. [بار] a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
barbecue
n. [باربیکیو] a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors
bare
a. [ننگی] lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing
barely
ad. [بمشکل] just; only; hardly; scarcely
bargain
n. [تجارت] agreement between parties concerning the sale of property
barn
n. [بھار] an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
barrel
n. [بیرل] vessel; large cylindrical container
baseball
n. [بیس بال] game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this game
basement
n. [بیسمنٹ] cellar; a part of a building that is below the level of the first floor
battery
n. [بیٹری] beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; a dry cell that produces an electric current
bay
n. [خلیج] an inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; a small body of water set off from the main body
beam
n. [بیم] ray of light; a long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool
bear
v. [سہ] support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support
bearing
n. [بیئرنگ] carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; the act of producing or giving birth
beat
v. [پیٹا] whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly
beaten
a. [] formed or made thin by hammering; totally worn-out; exhausted
behalf
n. [جانب] represent;  advantage, benefit, the interest of someone
behave
v. [برتاؤ] perform; conduct oneself in a proper way
belly
n. [پیٹ] part of the human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb
beloved
a. [پیاری] greatly loved; dear to the heart
bend
v. [جھکنا] strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain point
benefit
n. [فائدہ] advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being; welfare; gain
bent
a. [سنکی] determined to do or have
bet
n. [شرط] stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wager
betray
v. [دھوکہ] be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly
bid
v. [بولی] make an offer of; propose; offer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance
bite
v. [کاٹنے] pierce the skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp taste
bitter
a. [کڑوی] harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious
bizarre
a. [عجیب] fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance
blame
v. [دوش] condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
blank
a. [خالی] of white or pale color; without color; empty; void
blast
n. [دھماکے] explode; burst; gale; a powerful gust of wind or air
bleed
v. [خون] emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the body
bless
v. [مجزوب] make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happy
block
v. [بلاک] hinder; obstruct;  indicate broadly without great detail; sketch
blonde
a. [گوری] of a fair color; light-colored; as, blond hair; a blond complexion.
board
n. [بورڈ] a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
boarding
n. [بورڈنگ] wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay
bold
a. [بولڈ] brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
bolt
v. [بولٹ] dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
bond
n. [بانڈ] link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty
bonus
n. [بونس] an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation
boom
n. [بوم] bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish
booth
n. [بوت] house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure
border
n. [سرحد] outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundary
bore
v. [بور] drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill
bother
v. [پریشان] annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster
bounce
v. [اچھال] jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surface
bound
n. [پابند] tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump
boutique
n. [دکان] small shop within a large department store or supermarket
brand
n. [برانڈ] a burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way
break
n. [توڑ] opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; a sudden change
breakdown
n. [ٹوٹ] process of failing to function or continue; a sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary of itemized data
breeze
n. [ہوا] light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly
bribe
n. [رشوت] something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift to prevent judgment
brief
a. [مختصر] short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise
briefcase
n. [اٹیچی] portable, often flat case with a handle, used for carrying papers or books
brilliant
a. [شاندار] full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone
brutal
a. [سفاکانہ] like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless
bubble
n. [بلبلا] foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or belief
buck
v. [ہرن] move quickly and violently; jump vertically; strive with determination
bucket
n. [بالٹی] vessel for drawing up water from a well; a vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain
bud
n. [بڈ] one that is not yet fully developed; sprout
budget
n. [بجٹ] estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose
bug
n. [بگ] general name applied to various insects
bull
n. [bulge بچھڑے] male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business conditions
bully
n. [بدمعاش] noisy, blustering fellow; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; insolent, tyrannical fellow
bump
n. [نشر] impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blow
bunch
n. [گروپ] clump; cluster; gathering
bush
n. [بش] place abounding in trees or shrubs; the wild forest
business
n. [کاروبار] rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade-in which a person is engaged; commercial enterprise
bust
n. [ٹوٹ] the occasion for excessive eating or drinking; complete failure; sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person
buzz
n. [بز] confusion of activity and gossip; the sound of rapid vibration
cabin
n. [کیبن] a small room on a ship or boat where people sleep
cabinet
n. [کابینہ] group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small room; a closet
cable
n. [کیبل] solid thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire
cafe
n. [کیفے] coffee house; restaurant where coffee and liquors are served
cafeteria
n. [کیفیٹیریا] a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier
calendar
n. [کیلنڈر] the orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days
campaign
n. [مہم] battle; a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
campus
n. [کیمپس] the field where the buildings of a university are situated
cancel
v. [منسوخ] revoke; call off; omit or delete
candidate
n. [امیدوار] a person who is considered for something; a person who is nominated for an office, prize, or honor
capable
a. [کینٹین قابل] having the ability required for a specific task
capacity
n. [صلاحیت] mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate
cape
n. [کیپ] piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment
capital
n. [دارالحکومت] wealth in the form of money or property; assets available for use; a city that is the official seat of government
capture
n. [پکڑنے] act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem
carrot
n. [گاجر] the root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped and of a reddish yellow color
carry
v. [لے] convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bear
cart
n. [کارڈز] common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagon
carton
n. [carton] pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard box
cash
n. [نقدی] money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currency
cast
v. [ڈال] assign the roles of; choose at random
casual
a. [انیت] informal; purposeless; occurring by chance
catch
v. [پکڑ] capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in time
catching
a. [پکڑنے] act of seizing or taking hold of; captivating; alluring
catholic
a. [کیتھولک] broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Church
cellar
n. [تہھانے] room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground
cemetery
n. [قبرستان] place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard
cereal
n. [غللا] grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as a food
ceremony
n. [جشن] a formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or custom
certificate
n. [سرٹیفکیٹ] the document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course
challenge
v. [چیلنج] assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to
chamber
n. [چیمبر] cell; compartment; room
champagne
n. [شیمپین] light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France
champion
v. [فاتح] protect or fight for the first place
channel
n. [چینل] passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access
chaos
n. [افراتفری] disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass
chapel
n. [چیپل] place of worship that is smaller than and subordinate to a church; service conducted in a chapel
chapter
n. [باب] division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society
charge
v. [انچارج] set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fill; instruct or urge authoritatively; command
charity
n. [صدقہ] activity or gift that benefits the public at large
charm
n. [توجہ] power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefit
chart
n. [چارٹ] graph; diagram;  map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators
chase
v. [پیچھا] pursue to kill or take; hunt; follow as if to catch
chat
n. [چیٹ] talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation
check
v. [جانچ] stop motion; curb or restrain
cheer
n. [خوش ہو جاتے ہیں] the lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshment
cherish
v. [پالا] harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear
chew
v. [چبانا] bite and grind with the teeth
chief
a. [چیف] highest in office or rank; principal; head
chill
a. [ٹھنڈ] cool; freeze; a feeling of cold
chin
n. [ٹھوڑی] the central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of the face
chip
v. [چپ] cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crack
choir
n. [choir] band or organized company of singers, especially in church service
choke
v. [گلا گھونٹنا] breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply
circuit
n. [سرکٹ] electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
circus
n. [سرکس] public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals
civil
a. [سول] having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
civilian
a. [شہری] of or relating to non-military life
claim
n. [کلیم] demand for something as rightful or due
classic
n. [کلاسک] work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence
clearance
n. [کلیئرنس] act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trust
click
v. [کلک کریں] make a slight, sharp noise by gentle striking; tick
client
n. [کلائنٹ] someone who pays to get goods or services
clinic
n. [کلینک] healthcare facility for outpatient care
clip
n. [ویڈیوکلپ] a small section of filmed or filed material
closet
n. [اسود] a small room or apartment; room for privacy
clue
n. [تھریڈ] a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate nature
coach
n. [کوچ] tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers
cocaine
n. [کوکین] drug extracted from coca leaves as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure, that can become addictive
code
n. [کوڈ] body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words
coin
v. [سککا] make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate
coincidence
n. [اتفاق] two or more things occurring at the same time by chance
column
n. [کالم] pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright body or mass
combat
v. [مقابلہ] struggle as with an opposing force; fight with
combine
v. [اکٹھا] blend; fuse; merge
comedy
n. [کامیڈی] light and humorous drama with a happy ending
comic
a. [مزاحیہ] arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorous
comment
v. [تبصرہ] express an opinion; remark
commercial
a. [تجارتی] money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass market
commission
n. [کمیشن] fee for services; a group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize
commit
v. [ارتکاب] do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted
commitment
n. [وابستگی] pledge, undertaking; an act of binding yourself  to a course of action
committee
n. [کمیٹی] special group delegated to consider some matter
communicate
v. [رابطہ] send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly
communication
n. [مواصلات] the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
community
n. [کمیونٹی] society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government
company
n. [کمپنی] team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprise
compare
v. [آپس میں موازنہ] examine and note the similarities or differences of
competition
n. [مقابلے] struggle; rivalry; an act of competing as for a profit prize
competitive
a. [مقابلہ] of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fighting disposition
complex
a. [پیچیدہ] complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures
complicated
a. [پیچیدہ] difficult to analyze or understand
compliment
n. [تعریف] praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise
compromise
v. [معاہدہ چپچپا] adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
concentrate
v. [توجہ] bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body
concept
n. [خیال] something formed in mind; thought or notion
concern
n. [تشویش] interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety
concrete
n. [کنکریٹ] solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate, and gravel
condition
n. [حالت] mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstances
conduct
v. [عمل] direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide
confess
v. [اعتراف] acknowledge; admit that you have done something wrong
confidence
n. [اعتماد] feeling secure or certain about something
confident
a. [اعتماد] assured; having or marked by assurance
confidential
a. [خفیہ] treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret
confirm
v. [تصدیق] support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify
conflict
n. [تنازعے] fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events
confront
v. [کا سامنا] be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with
confusion
n. [برم] a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order
congress
n. [جلوس] meeting of elected or appointed representatives
conscience
n. [روح] motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgment
conscious
a. [ئماندار ہوش] awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you; alert
conspiracy
n. [سازش] plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act
constant
a. [مسلسل] invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent
constitution
n. [ائین] law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming something
consult
v. [مشورہ] seek advice or information of; take into account; consider
consumer
n. [خریدار] people who buy goods or services
contact
v. [رابطہ] get in touch with; reach
contempt
n. [اومان] state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
content
n. [مواد] volume; something contained; material, including text and images
contest
v. [مقابلہ] contend for; call in question; oppose; dispute
contract
v. [معاہدہ] constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate
contrary
a. [برعکس] relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose
convention
n. [کنونشن] social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states
convict
v. [مجرم] find or declare guilty
conviction
n. [عقائد] the judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
convince
v. [منانے] overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guilty
cooperate
v. [تعاون] work or act together toward a common end or purpose
core
n. [کور] basic, center,  or most important part; the essence
corner
n. [کونے] position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an angle
corporate
a. [کارپوریٹ] united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to a corporation or incorporated body