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IELTS Academic Words Level 1 - 1

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abandon
abort
abortion
absurd
abuse
academic
academy
access
account
accountant
accurate
accuse
accused
acid
acknowledge
address
adjust
administration
adopt
adore
adult
affect
affection
afford
agency
agenda
aggressive
agreement
aid
air
aisle
alarm
album
alien
alliance
ally
alone
alternative
amaze
ambassador
ambulance
amount
anniversary
annual
anonymous
antique
anxiety
anyhow
apart
appeal
appetite
apply
appointment
appreciate
approach
appropriate
approval
area
argue
arrogant
article
ashamed
aside
aspirin
assault
assist
associate
assume
assure
attack
attempt
attend
attitude
attorney
attractive
auction
audience
authority
available
avoid
aware
awful
awkward
bachelor
backward
bacon
badge
baggage
bait
bake
balance
balcony
bald
ballet
band
bang
banner
bar
barbecue
bare
barely
bargain
barn
barrel
baseball
basement
battery
bay
beam
bear
bearing
beat
beaten
behalf
behave
belly
beloved
bend
benefit
bent
bet
betray
bid
bite
bitter
bizarre
blame
blank
blast
bleed
bless
block
blonde
board
boarding
bold
bolt
bond
bonus
boom
booth
border
bore
bother
bounce
bound
boutique
brand
break
breakdown
breeze
bribe
brief
briefcase
brilliant
brutal
bubble
buck
bucket
bud
budget
bug
bull
bully
bump
bunch
bush
business
bust
buzz
cabin
cabinet
cable
cafe
cafeteria
calendar
campaign
campus
cancel
candidate
capable
capacity
cape
capital
capture
carrot
carry
cart
carton
cash
cast
casual
catch
catching
catholic
cellar
cemetery
cereal
ceremony
certificate
challenge
chamber
champagne
champion
channel
chaos
chapel
chapter
charge
charity
charm
chart
chase
chat
check
cheer
cherish
chew
chief
chill
chin
chip
choir
choke
circuit
circus
civil
civilian
claim
classic
clearance
click
client
clinic
clip
closet
clue
coach
cocaine
code
coin
coincidence
column
combat
combine
comedy
comic
comment
commercial
commission
commit
commitment
committee
communicate
communication
community
company
compare
competition
competitive
complex
complicated
compliment
compromise
concentrate
concept
concern
concrete
condition
conduct
confess
confidence
confident
confidential
confirm
conflict
confront
confusion
congress
conscience
conscious
conspiracy
constant
constitution
consult
consumer
contact
contempt
content
contest
contract
contrary
convention
convict
conviction
convince
cooperate
core
corner
corporate

Word and Definition List
abandon   Pronounce
n. [چھوڑ] lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
With her parents out of town, Kelly danced all night with abandon.
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abort   Pronounce
v. [گرا] stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
However, most women say that the decision to abort is a difficult one.
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abortion   Pronounce
n. [اسقاط حمل] termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
Instead of doing what many young Egyptian women in her situation do, that is, have an abortion, she went public and took the alleged father to court.
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absurd   Pronounce
a. [بیہودہ کلام] preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
Alice thought the whole thing very absurd, but they all looked so grave that she did not dare laugh.
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abuse   Pronounce
n. [بدسلوکی] improper use or handling; misuse
The commenter said that he had stopped seven years of girl abuse in this area, thanks to Vito.
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academic   Pronounce
a. [تعلیمی] related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to the scholarly organization; based on formal education
The dean's talk about reforming the college admissions system was only an academic discussion.
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academy   Pronounce
n. [اکیڈمی] school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists
The mission of our academy is actually to ensure the health and well-being of all children.
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access   Pronounce
n. [رسائی] approach; entry; entrance
The only access to the village is by boat.
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account   Pronounce
n. [اکاؤنٹ] narrative or record of events; the reason given for a particular action or event
What is the account for this loss?
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accountant   Pronounce
n. [اکاؤنٹنٹ] one who maintains and audits business accounts
Our business and finance group is looking for a dynamic accountant to join the accounting team supporting the Company's new area.
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accurate   Pronounce
a. [درست] capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
Can anyone tell me how accurate the English translation in the posted clip is?
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accuse   Pronounce
v. [تہمت] blame; say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal, or unkind
He then went on to accuse the West of hypocrisy in criticizing Russia's human rights record.
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accused   Pronounce
n. [الزام لگانے میں] defendant or defendants in a criminal case; a person charged with an offense
The testimony expected by the accused from the witness will be regarded as having been actually taken.
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acid   Pronounce
n. [ایسڈ کا الزام لگایا] sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
There is a barrage of acid comments in today's newspapers.
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acknowledge   Pronounce
v. [بیان تسلیم] declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
Although I acknowledge that the Beatles' tunes sound pretty dated today, I still prefer them to my brothers' songs.
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address   Pronounce
v. [ایڈریس] make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
Brown planned to address the issue of low-income housing in his speech.
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adjust   Pronounce
v. [ایڈجسٹ] change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable
The opera house was handed over by the builders nearly a year ago, but it's taken many months to install new stage machinery and to adjust the acoustics.
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administration   Pronounce
n. [نواز انتظامیہ] management; supervision; people who are in charge of management; the activity of government for powers and duties
Obviously, the key person in administration is the man in the White House.
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adopt   Pronounce
v. [اپنانے] accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
In a late-night session, the United States, which has blocked most recent efforts to adopt resolutions on the Middle East, put forward its own proposal.
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adore   Pronounce
v. [پسند] worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
All the girls in our school adore the handsome mathematics teacher who happens to be a bachelor.
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adult   Pronounce
n. [بالغ] one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown
It is not clear from the video if the adult is a man or woman, but he or she is facing charges of endangering a child's welfare.
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affect   Pronounce
v. [متاثر] have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
The move is likely to affect women and girls worldwide as international brands such as Mango and Zara have signed up to the agreement.
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affection   Pronounce
n. [دلار] fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness
I happen to think that the physical expression of love and affection is just about the best thing we humans do.
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afford   Pronounce
v. [متحمل] pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
The deal reduces the cost of certain AIDS drugs and gives developing countries the confidence to afford to treat citizens in the long-term.
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agency   Pronounce
n. [ایجینسی] a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
The FDA press office tells me the agency is aware of the incident and is currently investigating.
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agenda   Pronounce
n. [ایجنڈا] items of business at a meeting; list or program of things to be done or considered
His agenda is certainly different from the President's and the administration's, but we will seek additional opportunities to work together with him.
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aggressive   Pronounce
a. [ناگوار] making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
During his tenure in Beijing, Huntsman was an aggressive advocate for human rights and pushed to expand U.S. economic ties with China.
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agreement   Pronounce
n. [معاہدہ] state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character
We are in agreement with their decision.
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aid   Pronounce
n. [مدد] person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
The company has also asked for an additional 3.50 billion dollars in aid from the government.
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air   Pronounce
v. [ہوا] be broadcast on television or radio
The tidbits that will air on tonight's 6 o'clock news.
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aisle   Pronounce
n. [گلیارے] passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; the wing of a building
I am glad that one side of the aisle is still trying to make this country work.
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alarm   Pronounce
n. [الارم] any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger
'Come, my head is free at last!' said Alice in a tone of delight, which changed into alarm in another moment.
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album   Pronounce
n. [البم] a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing, photographs
My album of boyhood photographs often reminds me of past happiness.
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alien   Pronounce
a. [پردیسی] dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person
If you think about it, that's totally alien to what a drug company might be expected to do because if you eradicate a disease, there's no need for that drug at all.
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alliance   Pronounce
n. [اتحاد] state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union of interests between families, states, parties
Now sources close to Sharon and Peres say they could lead to a long-term alliance - or even a joint party.
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ally   Pronounce
n. [اتحادی] confederate; partner; collaborator
The trouble is that selling arms to this particular ally regularly involves commissions - in plain language, bribes - to well-placed people.
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alone   Pronounce
a. [واحد] solitary; by oneself, not with any other people  
Alice cried with a sudden burst of tears, 'I do wish they would put their heads down! I am so very tired of being all alone here!'
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alternative   Pronounce
n. [اختیاری] one of two or more things, ideas, or courses of action that may be used; option or choice
Electron Instruments believed its desktop SEM was vastly superior to the next best alternative from a Japanese competitor.
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amaze   Pronounce
v. [تعجب میں ڈالیں] astonish; affect with wonder
Archaeologists amaze that such a fragile ancient document could have survived for so long and that it was then discovered as it could so easily have been overlooked.
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ambassador   Pronounce
n. [سفیر] authorized messenger or representative
He was appointed ambassador to the United States.
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ambulance   Pronounce
n. [ایمبولینس] field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; a wagon for conveying the wounded to hospital
His breathing had become so labored she called an ambulance to send him to the hospital immediately.
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amount   Pronounce
n. [رقم] total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum
The amount of money sent home by migrant workers to their families in Latin America has reached more than $62 billion.
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anniversary   Pronounce
a. [سالگرہ] annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place
He gave me a necklace as an anniversary gift.
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annual   Pronounce
a. [سالانہ] occurring or payable every year
It says that the Queen's role in the annual state opening of parliament should be changed.
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anonymous   Pronounce
a. [گمنام] having no name; having an unknown or unacknowledged name
The buyer, who wished to remain anonymous, is a foreigner with homes in Europe.
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antique   Pronounce
n. [قدیم] any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
The woeful ongoing situation of open archaeological sites, which antique smugglers are systematically plundering, will be another priority issue.
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anxiety   Pronounce
n. [پریشانی] concern something  in a state of painful uneasiness;  state of restlessness and agitation
To wait in anxiety is perhaps the hardest thing in life; tea, tobacco, and hot baths are the possible anodynes.
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anyhow   Pronounce
ad. [کسی بھی طرح] in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event
I couldn't think of the name of that man anyhow.
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apart   Pronounce
ad. [علاوہ] separately, regarding space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside
In fact, I doubt anyone knew his real name apart from the security staff.
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appeal   Pronounce
n. [اپیل] attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
Oxfam is making a big appeal for humanitarian aid to Darfur and neighboring Chad, where millions of people have been made homeless by fighting.
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appetite   Pronounce
n. [رغبت] instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
China's urban young are developing a growing appetite for the cool white look of platinum jewelry.
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apply   Pronounce
v. [لاگو] exert; put into service; avail oneself to;
You cannot apply all money to your mortgage.
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appointment   Pronounce
n. [سائٹ] act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
His appointment as Foreign Secretary has triggered speculation in London about the Prime Minister's motives for the change.
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appreciate   Pronounce
v. [تعریف] be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
I am truly thankful for the stocks, which would appreciate in value considerably in future years.
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approach   Pronounce
n. [رابطہ] a way of considering or doing something
Faced with an increasingly competitive jobs market, the army is becoming more sophisticated and corporate in its approach to recruitment.
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appropriate   Pronounce
v. [مناسب] acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
The ranch owners appropriate the lands that have originally been set aside for the Indians' use.
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approval   Pronounce
n. [منظوری] official approbation; endorsement; an act of approving
First, Ehrlich knows it would be extremely unlikely to win approval from the Democratic-dominated General Assembly.
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area   Pronounce
n. [علاقے] a plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range
His special interest lies in the area of literature.
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argue   Pronounce
v. [] invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate
The United States should, they argue, attempt to remain aloof.
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arrogant   Pronounce
a. [تکبر] arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
He often speaks in an arrogant tone, which doesn't encourage others to discuss with him.
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article   Pronounce
n. [مضمون] essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class
An article in a national newspaper caused the protests.
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ashamed   Pronounce
a. [شرمندگی] affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt
Are you ashamed for having lied?
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aside   Pronounce
ad. [باجو] on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest
All joking aside, can you swim 15 miles?
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aspirin   Pronounce
n. [یسپرن] white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation
Plavix, along with aspirin, is widely used to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
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assault   Pronounce
n. [حملہ] a violent attack; an onslaught
He's charged with interfering with the performance of a flight crew by assault or intimidation.
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assist   Pronounce
v. [مدد] give help or support to, especially as a subordinate
A good way to assist is to bring entrepreneurial and business skills to them.
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associate   Pronounce
v. [ایسوسی] connect or join together; combine
The public is likely to associate a word or mark with a given company.
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assume   Pronounce
v. [سنبھالنے] suppose; presume; take on; bear
He looked at me long and hard: I turned my eyes from him, fixed them on the fire, and tried to assume and maintain a quiet.
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assure   Pronounce
v. [گارنٹی] tell someone confidently that something is true; guarantee; convince
I know it, and I don't wish to palliate them, I assure you.
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attack   Pronounce
n. [حملہ] offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment
A national newspaper received an anonymous phone call warning about the attack just minutes before the first device exploded.
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attempt   Pronounce
n. [کوشش] the action of trying at something
I also want to claim that this attempt is a romantic one.
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attend   Pronounce
v. [شرکت] be present at; go to; take care of; tend
Britain's House of Lords has been described as the best club in London, and for many of the hereditary members who rarely attend debates, that's just what it is.
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attitude   Pronounce
n. [رویہ] posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue
One of the major reasons for this change in attitude is that there's more money around.
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attorney   Pronounce
n. [اٹارنی] lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy
Did this attorney mean to throw away his client's life without an effort?
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attractive   Pronounce
a. [کشش] appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
The mobile phone companies argue that reducing taxes will make legally imported phones more attractive than the cheaper smuggled models.
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auction   Pronounce
n. [نیلامی] public sale of property to the highest bidder
The auction is over, and the winning bid was 1000 dollars.
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audience   Pronounce
n. [سامعین] a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
You should have a clear idea about who your audience is and how you can exploit your product through the correct platform.
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authority   Pronounce
n. [اتھارٹی] jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government
The laws will reinforce Australia's authority to turn boats away from Australia.
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available   Pronounce
a. [دستیاب] convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
Vaccines are available but are costly and only offer relatively short-term protection, so the animals need regular booster vaccinations.
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avoid   Pronounce
v. [معلومات] shield away from; prevent
If you are the press secretary to the President of the United States, the main thing to avoid is becoming the story yourself.
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aware   Pronounce
a. [] knowing; having knowledge or cognizance
As you're likely aware, BPA is a chemical commonly found in plastics, food cans, and water bottles.
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awful   Pronounce
a. [عبرت ناک] causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible
He says the budget is in awful shape, and we need to take steps to fix it.
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awkward   Pronounce
a. [عجیب] difficult to handle or manage
John Kerry recently spoke of his faith, but he's more awkward about it than President Bush's born again.
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bachelor   Pronounce
n. [انڈرگریجویٹ] unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges
A soon-to-be-married man's friends throw him the ultimate bachelor party.
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backward   Pronounce
a. [پچھڑے] directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped
Although he is clever, he is backward in giving his views.
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bacon   Pronounce
n. [بیکن] back and sides of a pig salted and smoked
They built a fire against the side of a great log and then cooked some bacon in the frying-pan for supper.
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badge   Pronounce
n. [بیج] a distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person
He was awarded a merit badge for his bravery in the battle.
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baggage   Pronounce
n. [سامان] trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one's belongings while traveling; luggage
When you fully engage in the present, there is no room for baggage from the past or fear of the future.
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bait   Pronounce
v. [چارہ] harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
The school bully will bait the smaller children, terrorizing them.
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bake   Pronounce
v. [پکانا] prepare, as food, by cooking in dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal
In some places, people still bake bricks in the sun.
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balance   Pronounce
n. [توازن] being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability
Many here see the ruling against US cotton subsidies as just the first step in tipping the balance of future world trade talks in favour of developing countries.
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balcony   Pronounce
n. [بالکنی] platform projecting from the wall of a building
He planted some flowers on the balcony that projects over the street.
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bald   Pronounce
a. [گنجی] hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering
Although he carried, under his wig, a perfectly bald and shiny head, he had only reached middle age.
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ballet   Pronounce
n. [رقص] a sort of theatrical representation by dancers
That school strives to be an international leader in ballet training.
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band   Pronounce
n. [بینڈ] orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; ally
The band, made up of four previously unknown young actors, has provoked hysteria across Asia since starring in the Taiwanese TV series.
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bang   Pronounce
n. [بینگ] a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success
But there are fears that if the Egyptian side doesn't play well, the crowds will stay away, and the African Cup may go off with a whimper rather than a bang.
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banner   Pronounce
n. [دیوالیہ بینر] flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page
The red top refers to the color of the banner at the top of the paper.
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bar   Pronounce
n. [بار] a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
For low-paid male workers the cafeterias are a social focus: the equivalent of a bar or pub in non-Muslim countries, a place to meet friends and workmates.
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barbecue   Pronounce
n. [باربیکیو] a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors
The authorities believe it could have been started by a barbecue that had not been put out properly and have announced that they will be questioning suspects in the morning.
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bare   Pronounce
a. [ننگی] lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing
Silent in bare feet, he swiftly crossed the cold marble floor, sliding into bed just as the door creaked open.
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barely   Pronounce
ad. [بمشکل] just; only; hardly; scarcely
Only a few years ago, there were no mobile phones, landlines barely worked.
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bargain   Pronounce
n. [تجارت] agreement between parties concerning the sale of property
'A part of me you must become,' he answered steadily; 'otherwise, the whole bargain is void.'
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barn   Pronounce
n. [بھار] an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
I daresay it is only a rat scrambling along the rafters of the adjoining schoolroom: it was a barn before I had it repaired and altered, and rats generally haunt them.
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barrel   Pronounce
n. [بیرل] vessel; large cylindrical container
With the oil price soaring above thirty dollars a barrel and the pumps going nearly at full capacity, Gulf Arab coffers are overflowing with unforeseen wealth.
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baseball   Pronounce
n. [بیس بال] game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this game
Baseball is more popular than any other sport in Japan.
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basement   Pronounce
n. [بیسمنٹ] cellar; a part of a building that is below the level of the first floor
There are so many things of India which are either lying in the basement of the Victoria and Albert Museum or in the India Office Library.
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battery   Pronounce
n. [بیٹری] beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; a dry cell that produces an electric current
I'm hoping the battery is just dead and that a quick charge will solve everything.
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bay   Pronounce
n. [خلیج] an inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; a small body of water set off from the main body
In the library, the books on history are all kept in one bay.
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beam   Pronounce
n. [بیم] ray of light; a long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool
During a severe earthquake, each beam will absorb the shock by crumpling, thereby preventing severe damage to the tower.
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bear   Pronounce
v. [سہ] support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support
They studied the ways in which the relativity theory can bear on the history of science.
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bearing   Pronounce
n. [بیئرنگ] carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; the act of producing or giving birth
The U.S. Mint is set to unveil a new $1 coin bearing President Abraham Lincoln's image.
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beat   Pronounce
v. [پیٹا] whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly
Speak roughly to your little boy; And beat him when he sneezes; He only does it to annoy; Because he knows it teases.
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beaten   Pronounce
a. [] formed or made thin by hammering; totally worn-out; exhausted
Finally we saw a village located well off the beaten path.
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behalf   Pronounce
n. [جانب] represent;  advantage, benefit, the interest of someone
And I'm going to work to assure that that voice that is heard on their behalf is a roar and not a whisper.
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behave   Pronounce
v. [برتاؤ] perform; conduct oneself in a proper way
How we behave is up to us, ” but Nikolai believes that one's particular circumstances predetermine everything.
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belly   Pronounce
n. [پیٹ] part of the human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb
His belly is like a cooking pot, Which happens when you eat a lot.
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beloved   Pronounce
a. [پیاری] greatly loved; dear to the heart
But if I go on until my beloved is my bride, and she has taken up my fate, and we are one, and the world knows no difference, what then?
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bend   Pronounce
v. [جھکنا] strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain point
Few will have the greatness to bend history itself, but each of us can work to change a small portion of events.
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benefit   Pronounce
n. [فائدہ] advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being; welfare; gain
Another benefit for business is the elimination of currency risk in the Euro area: the possibility that you might lose money in cross-border trade.
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bent   Pronounce
a. [سنکی] determined to do or have
We are bent on going to the theater no matter how heavy the snow is.
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bet   Pronounce
n. [شرط] stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wager
I truly believe this setback; my bet is they will recover and move on, hopefully, sooner than soon.
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betray   Pronounce
v. [دھوکہ] be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly
The two spies betray their country by selling military secrets to the enemy.
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bid   Pronounce
v. [بولی] make an offer of; propose; offer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance
'Then you and I must bid good-bye for a little while?' 'I suppose so, sir.'
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bite   Pronounce
v. [کاٹنے] pierce the skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp taste
Our laws must bite; that is the only language that the criminals will understand.
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bitter   Pronounce
a. [کڑوی] harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious
He is perhaps the best-qualified person for many years to solve a long-standing and bitter dispute.
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bizarre   Pronounce
a. [عجیب] fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance
The plot of the novel was too bizarre to be believed.
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blame   Pronounce
v. [دوش] condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
The doctor says that natural variability in the weather is probably to blame, but human influence can't be ruled out.
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blank   Pronounce
a. [خالی] of white or pale color; without color; empty; void
But he stares out over my shoulder at the skyline, his expression blank, seemingly disinterested in whether I choose to go with him or not.
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blast   Pronounce
n. [دھماکے] explode; burst; gale; a powerful gust of wind or air
The blast is the deadliest incident since a series of ones killed three people in Bangkok on New Year's Eve in 2006.
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bleed   Pronounce
v. [خون] emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the body
All the young soldiers are ready to bleed for the country.
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bless   Pronounce
v. [مجزوب] make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happy
My family and I will be praying along with Rick that God will again bless your country.
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block   Pronounce
v. [بلاک] hinder; obstruct;  indicate broadly without great detail; sketch
He failed to get enough allies to block the reform.
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blonde   Pronounce
a. [گوری] of a fair color; light-colored; as, blond hair; a blond complexion.
The wig this woman wore during a two-day robbery across New York earned her the name blonde bandit.
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board   Pronounce
n. [بورڈ] a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
Instruments on the board include the Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer, which will analyze the comet nucleus's chemical composition - the icy core in the comet's head.
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boarding   Pronounce
n. [بورڈنگ] wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay
If I had a kid like that, I'd put him in boarding school.
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bold   Pronounce
a. [بولڈ] brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
After five months of detention without trial, the release of the bold young newspaper editor-in-chief marks a significant victory.
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bolt   Pronounce
v. [بولٹ] dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
Jack was set to bolt out the front door.
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bond   Pronounce
n. [بانڈ] link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty
Last year, the average short-term bond fund gained about 9%, according to Morningstar.
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bonus   Pronounce
n. [بونس] an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation
She's very dissatisfied with not getting a bonus.
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boom   Pronounce
n. [بوم] bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish
It is a hi-tech boom town, the center for dozens of successful biotech and IT firms, and the home to an ever-expanding middle class.
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booth   Pronounce
n. [بوت] house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure
There is a telephone booth near the cinema.
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border   Pronounce
n. [سرحد] outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundary
This table had a cover made out of beautiful oilcloth, with a red eagle painted on it and a painted border all around.
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bore   Pronounce
v. [بور] drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill
Three types of protein that enable the cells to bore in and out of blood vessels.
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bother   Pronounce
v. [پریشان] annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster
But that doesn't bother me because I don't want love; I want my music.
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bounce   Pronounce
v. [اچھال] jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surface
All patients bounce back to good health with that particular medicine.
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bound   Pronounce
n. [پابند] tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump
Supreme Court ended a term bound to affect our lives in significant ways in the months ahead.
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boutique   Pronounce
n. [دکان] small shop within a large department store or supermarket
Located in historic Fabric Row, the boutique is a good place for gem buyers.
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brand   Pronounce
n. [برانڈ] a burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way
He has his own brand of humor and always brings laugh for us.
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break   Pronounce
n. [توڑ] opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; a sudden change
A former boxer, he got his break as an actor when he replaced Marlon Brando in the Broadway production of A Streetcar Named Desire.
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breakdown   Pronounce
n. [ٹوٹ] process of failing to function or continue; a sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary of itemized data
His frequent depressions were the prelude to a complete mental breakdown.
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breeze   Pronounce
n. [ہوا] light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly
Tomorrow Night: A light, but the steady breeze from the southwest keeps temperatures warmer than tonight.
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bribe   Pronounce
n. [رشوت] something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift to prevent judgment
It was easy to see the gift as a sort of bribe.
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brief   Pronounce
a. [مختصر] short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise
When my brief career as a pop star ended, I found I had done fairly well.
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briefcase   Pronounce
n. [اٹیچی] portable, often flat case with a handle, used for carrying papers or books
After each campaign stop, he returned to his car, where his black-leather briefcase is always in its place beside him.
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brilliant   Pronounce
a. [شاندار] full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone
The refreshing meal, the brilliant fire, the presence, and kindness of her beloved instructress had roused her powers among them.
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brutal   Pronounce
a. [سفاکانہ] like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless
In many cases, a rich businessman reached the top by trampling others in the most brutal way.
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bubble   Pronounce
n. [بلبلا] foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or belief
This is the most anticipated public offering since the dot-com bubble burst four years ago.
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buck   Pronounce
v. [ہرن] move quickly and violently; jump vertically; strive with determination
John is trying to buck for a promotion.
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bucket   Pronounce
n. [بالٹی] vessel for drawing up water from a well; a vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain
It may be a drop in the bucket, but any drop is a dangerous one when it comes to violence.
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bud   Pronounce
n. [بڈ] one that is not yet fully developed; sprout
The first thing to be thought of is to pluck the disease in its bud, which is best done by injections.
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budget   Pronounce
n. [بجٹ] estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose
Earlier this week, EU governments voted to bend the rules o that France and Germany wouldn't be penalized for breaking the rules on budget deficits.
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bug   Pronounce
n. [بگ] general name applied to various insects
It might have seemed to him a waste of ammunition to kill a bug with a battery of artillery.
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bull   Pronounce
n. [bulge بچھڑے] male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business conditions
We are in a medium-term bull market, a corrective move within a long-term bear market.
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bully   Pronounce
n. [بدمعاش] noisy, blustering fellow; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; insolent, tyrannical fellow
I found early in life that the best way to defeat a bully is a punch to the nose.
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bump   Pronounce
n. [نشر] impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blow
Have you ever found a small lump or a bump on your body?
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bunch   Pronounce
n. [گروپ] clump; cluster; gathering
They found the sharp new heap they sought and ensconced themselves within the protection of three great elms that grew in a bunch within a few feet of the grave.
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bush   Pronounce
n. [بش] place abounding in trees or shrubs; the wild forest
When they got pretty close on to us, we dodged into the bush and let them go by and then dropped in behind them.
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business   Pronounce
n. [کاروبار] rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade-in which a person is engaged; commercial enterprise
I think that women doing big things in business are inspirational to others because it helps eliminate role discrimination.
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bust   Pronounce
n. [ٹوٹ] the occasion for excessive eating or drinking; complete failure; sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person
With major debt repayments due over in 18 months, the business could go bust.
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buzz   Pronounce
n. [بز] confusion of activity and gossip; the sound of rapid vibration
Still, despite the robust growth, if you listen closely to the analysts and bankers, you can pick up a low buzz of concern over some economic areas.
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cabin   Pronounce
n. [کیبن] a small room on a ship or boat where people sleep
British Airways says passengers reported a slight smell of petrol in the cabin of BA flight 003 bound for New York.
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cabinet   Pronounce
n. [کابینہ] group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small room; a closet
On Wednesday, the Indian cabinet deferred the anti-corruption legislation.
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cable   Pronounce
n. [کیبل] solid thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire
It provides cable television services and high-speed internet services to the community.
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cafe   Pronounce
n. [کیفے] coffee house; restaurant where coffee and liquors are served
The police came and ejected the noisy youths from the cafe room.
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cafeteria   Pronounce
n. [کیفیٹیریا] a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier
The Medicine Hat College cafeteria offers a wide range of food services.
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calendar   Pronounce
n. [کیلنڈر] the orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days
He didn't like the desk calendar and put it on the shelf.
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campaign   Pronounce
n. [مہم] battle; a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
The Clinton campaign has raised more money in the first three months of this year than all nine Democratic candidates combined.
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campus   Pronounce
n. [کیمپس] the field where the buildings of a university are situated
Usually, a campus includes libraries, lecture halls, student residential areas, and park-like settings.
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cancel   Pronounce
v. [منسوخ] revoke; call off; omit or delete
The meeting in Addis Ababa has heard Chinese promises to cancel debts and increase Chinese investments in Africa.
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candidate   Pronounce
n. [امیدوار] a person who is considered for something; a person who is nominated for an office, prize, or honor
The European Union is welcoming these ten candidate countries with open arms and broad smiles.
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capable   Pronounce
a. [کینٹین قابل] having the ability required for a specific task
Canadian politicians have been capable of ending this primitive practice.
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capacity   Pronounce
n. [صلاحیت] mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate
Mike had the capacity to handle several jobs at once.
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cape   Pronounce
n. [کیپ] piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment
Out on the cape is a fine lighthouse that we admired as we came up the coast on the ship.
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capital   Pronounce
n. [دارالحکومت] wealth in the form of money or property; assets available for use; a city that is the official seat of government
It has so far received $45 billion in capital from the Treasury, and the Treasury is insuring 300 billion dollars of its assets.
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capture   Pronounce
n. [پکڑنے] act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem
He presently got safely beyond the reach of capture and punishment.
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carrot   Pronounce
n. [گاجر] the root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped and of a reddish yellow color
The dish of boiled beef and carrot tastes good.
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carry   Pronounce
v. [لے] convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bear
They carry the news by word of mouth to every settlement in a few days.
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cart   Pronounce
n. [کارڈز] common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagon
The horse pulled a cart loaded with potatoes.
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carton   Pronounce
n. [carton] pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard box
The kids drink up a whole big carton of juice after the play in the hot sun.
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cash   Pronounce
n. [نقدی] money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currency
You must pay cash there; we don't offer credit.
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cast   Pronounce
v. [ڈال] assign the roles of; choose at random
They're going to use a television reality show to cast the three actors who will play Evo Morales in the different stages of his life.
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casual   Pronounce
a. [انیت] informal; purposeless; occurring by chance
The wildlife officer, in casual conversation, asks Hunter Joe where that deer came from.
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catch   Pronounce
v. [پکڑ] capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in time
A person's genetic makeup has a strong influence on the likelihood that they catch HIV.
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catching   Pronounce
a. [پکڑنے] act of seizing or taking hold of; captivating; alluring
That is the appeal in catching them; I think it is amazing to pull something massive out of muddy water that few people actually see.
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catholic   Pronounce
a. [کیتھولک] broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Church
He was extremely catholic in his taste and read everything he could find in the library.
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cellar   Pronounce
n. [تہھانے] room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground
The New Zealand wineries are similar to the American wineries and welcome visitors to what they call the cellar door.
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cemetery   Pronounce
n. [قبرستان] place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard
A vehicle for conveying a coffin is to a church or cemetery.
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cereal   Pronounce
n. [غللا] grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as a food
I have a bowl of cereal every morning.
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ceremony   Pronounce
n. [جشن] a formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or custom
This afternoon, a swearing ceremony is set for a man who will replace the late Senator Ted Kennedy.
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certificate   Pronounce
n. [سرٹیفکیٹ] the document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course
A diploma or certificate is given on graduation from university.
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challenge   Pronounce
v. [چیلنج] assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to
Nowadays no one will challenge the fact that the earth is round.
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chamber   Pronounce
n. [چیمبر] cell; compartment; room
Before being taken to the execution chamber, he acknowledged that he deserved punishment, but he said it was unfair that only he paid the ultimate price.
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champagne   Pronounce
n. [شیمپین] light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France
Why don't we crack open a bottle of champagne to celebrate?
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champion   Pronounce
v. [فاتح] protect or fight for the first place
They believe he could champion the oppressed in their struggle for equality.
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channel   Pronounce
n. [چینل] passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access
You should take her request through the official channel, and there is no private room for her issue.
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chaos   Pronounce
n. [افراتفری] disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass
Their job is to stop a repeat of the chaos that blighted the last election in 2002.
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chapel   Pronounce
n. [چیپل] place of worship that is smaller than and subordinate to a church; service conducted in a chapel
Slightly smaller than the shrine, the chapel is also a domed structure cruciform in plan.
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chapter   Pronounce
n. [باب] division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society
A new chapter in a novel is something like a new scene in a play.
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charge   Pronounce
v. [انچارج] set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fill; instruct or urge authoritatively; command
The barbers share the same haircut service price: they charge six dollars for boys and ten for girls.
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charity   Pronounce
n. [صدقہ] activity or gift that benefits the public at large
This is potentially embarrassing for those involved in the concerts, as the rock stars use charity to disguise self-promotion.
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charm   Pronounce
n. [توجہ] power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefit
Her spirit and charm is going to be a great lesson to all young women and teens
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chart   Pronounce
n. [چارٹ] graph; diagram;  map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators
A fisherman's chart may be the crucial evidence that finally helps to rest the mystery of what happened to Roald Amundsen.
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chase   Pronounce
v. [پیچھا] pursue to kill or take; hunt; follow as if to catch
He saw the policeman chase the mugger down the alley.
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chat   Pronounce
n. [چیٹ] talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation
Inviting others into the chat is as simple as sending them a human-readable URL, and nobody has to sign up or answer an invitation email.
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check   Pronounce
v. [جانچ] stop motion; curb or restrain
Young man, you'd better check your temper.
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cheer   Pronounce
n. [خوش ہو جاتے ہیں] the lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshment
The best way to spread Christmas cheer is to sing loud for everyone to hear!
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cherish   Pronounce
v. [پالا] harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear
One aspect of my marriage that I truly cherish is how Darrell and I work together as a team.
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chew   Pronounce
v. [چبانا] bite and grind with the teeth
You must chew your food well before you swallow it.
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chief   Pronounce
a. [چیف] highest in office or rank; principal; head
The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her flamingo.
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chill   Pronounce
a. [ٹھنڈ] cool; freeze; a feeling of cold
Mists as chill as death wandered to the impulse of east winds along those purple peaks.
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chin   Pronounce
n. [ٹھوڑی] the central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of the face
The face is mild and weak, especially in the thin short chin and feeble mouth.
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chip   Pronounce
v. [چپ] cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crack
The snow stopped, and they began to chip ice from the windows.
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choir   Pronounce
n. [choir] band or organized company of singers, especially in church service
Some people will say that being in a choir is lots of involvement because you have both rehearsals and services, which is true.
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choke   Pronounce
v. [گلا گھونٹنا] breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply
Children can choke on peanuts.
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circuit   Pronounce
n. [سرکٹ] electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
On rare occasions, microscopic metal particles can lead to a short circuit within the cell, causing overheating and potentially flames.
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circus   Pronounce
n. [سرکس] public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals
I am not an animal rights person, but training animals to perform in a circus is cruel.
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civil   Pronounce
a. [سول] having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
Although Internal Revenue Service agents are civil servants, they are not always courteous to suspected tax cheats.
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civilian   Pronounce
a. [شہری] of or relating to non-military life
The first is integrating former rebels back into civilian life.
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claim   Pronounce
n. [کلیم] demand for something as rightful or due
They struck in support of their claim for a shorter workday.
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classic   Pronounce
n. [کلاسک] work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence
His face was like a Greek face, very pure in outline: quite a straight, classic nose; quite an Athenian mouth and chin.
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clearance   Pronounce
n. [کلیئرنس] act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trust
Professors who wish to work with human genetic material need clearance from their university's review board.
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click   Pronounce
v. [کلک کریں] make a slight, sharp noise by gentle striking; tick
Students prefer to click the mouse rather than to strike the keyboard.
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client   Pronounce
n. [کلائنٹ] someone who pays to get goods or services
Gentlemen, my plan is broken up: what this lawyer and his client say is true: I have been married, and the woman to whom I was married lives!
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clinic   Pronounce
n. [کلینک] healthcare facility for outpatient care
In one of the worst-hit villages in the Bachu area, authorities say about a thousand homes collapsed and at least one school and a clinic.
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clip   Pronounce
n. [ویڈیوکلپ] a small section of filmed or filed material
Phil's job at Fox Sports involved selecting the most important clip of the day's sporting highlights for later broadcast.
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closet   Pronounce
n. [اسود] a small room or apartment; room for privacy
Please put the coats back into the closet.
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clue   Pronounce
n. [تھریڈ] a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate nature
The main clue is a sample of blood that was found at the scene.
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coach   Pronounce
n. [کوچ] tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers
When the players and coach arrive back later today, they'll be greeted as national heroes in the stadium where the first modern Olympics were held.
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cocaine   Pronounce
n. [کوکین] drug extracted from coca leaves as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure, that can become addictive
The dog sniffed out more than $1.6 million in cocaine from a sports utility vehicle, officials said.
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code   Pronounce
n. [کوڈ] body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words
Do you know the postal code of this postal district?
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coin   Pronounce
v. [سککا] make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate
Slanderers coin nasty rumors.
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coincidence   Pronounce
n. [اتفاق] two or more things occurring at the same time by chance
Was it just a coincidence that she and John had chanced to meet at the market, or was he deliberately trying to seek her out?
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column   Pronounce
n. [کالم] pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright body or mass
This column is the latest in our series of interview articles.
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combat   Pronounce
v. [مقابلہ] struggle as with an opposing force; fight with
The ship has to combat the wind and waves this morning.
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combine   Pronounce
v. [اکٹھا] blend; fuse; merge
Re-branded as one-army recruitment, the latest drive will, for the first time, combine recruiting to both the regular and territorial army.
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comedy   Pronounce
n. [کامیڈی] light and humorous drama with a happy ending
Anne Bancroft was also a regular in the comedy films made by her beloved second husband, Mel Brooks.
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comic   Pronounce
a. [مزاحیہ] arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorous
And, because the comic strips take place in superhero land, there are hints of the super-human.
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comment   Pronounce
v. [تبصرہ] express an opinion; remark
She refused to comment about David Beckham's eye injury.
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commercial   Pronounce
a. [تجارتی] money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass market
China's economic growth has been fuelled by investment in new factories and other commercial premises, many of them producing low-cost goods.
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commission   Pronounce
n. [کمیشن] fee for services; a group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize
China has hit back, its foreign ministry urging the Congressional commission to wipe out its prejudice, respect the truth.
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commit   Pronounce
v. [ارتکاب] do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted
And small bands of extremists may again commit heinous crimes in the name of faith.
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commitment   Pronounce
n. [وابستگی] pledge, undertaking; an act of binding yourself  to a course of action
My main commitment is to promote human values; this is what I consider the key factor for a happy life at the individual level, family level, and community level.
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committee   Pronounce
n. [کمیٹی] special group delegated to consider some matter
He was director of the central bank's monetary policy committee, which sets Brazil's interest rates.
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communicate   Pronounce
v. [رابطہ] send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly
It came to me that the best way to communicate is to have direct, personal contact with people.
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communication   Pronounce
n. [مواصلات] the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
They predict that mobile communication devices' vast majority of internet connections will be closer to pocket computers than portable telephones.
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community   Pronounce
n. [کمیونٹی] society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government
Where governments manage public life, human freedom in a community is compromised.
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company   Pronounce
n. [کمپنی] team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprise
I slipped out of the room, unobserved by any eye - for the company were gathered in one mass about the trembling trio just returned.
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compare   Pronounce
v. [آپس میں موازنہ] examine and note the similarities or differences of
We compare the copy with the original, but there was not much difference.
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competition   Pronounce
n. [مقابلے] struggle; rivalry; an act of competing as for a profit prize
There she's against tough competition such as Meryl Streep, but this award will give her extra momentum towards what's undoubtedly the bigger prize in movies.
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competitive   Pronounce
a. [مقابلہ] of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fighting disposition
Nobody can entirely keep away from this competitive world.
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complex   Pronounce
a. [پیچیدہ] complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures
Prescott's speech comes as ministers worldwide struggle to overcome complex arguments about how the Kyoto agreement on cutting greenhouse gas emissions should work.
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complicated   Pronounce
a. [پیچیدہ] difficult to analyze or understand
Legally this is a hugely complicated case, and it will take months for the judge to reach the verdict.
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compliment   Pronounce
n. [تعریف] praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise
A compliment is a gift, not to be thrown away carelessly unless you want to hurt the giver.
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compromise   Pronounce
v. [معاہدہ چپچپا] adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
Sometimes the presence of a neutral third party can help adversaries compromise their differences.
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concentrate   Pronounce
v. [توجہ] bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body
I was now able to concentrate my attention on the group by the fire.
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concept   Pronounce
n. [خیال] something formed in mind; thought or notion
The local chain concept is simple: identify your customer, cater to their tastes and once successful, expand within a neighborhood.
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concern   Pronounce
n. [تشویش] interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety
There is no telling what might have happened, now, but luckily the concern passed out of Aunt Polly's face.
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concrete   Pronounce
n. [کنکریٹ] solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate, and gravel
The anti-nuclear campaigners used concrete blocks to attach themselves to the line; it is difficult to release them without damaging the rails.
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condition   Pronounce
n. [حالت] mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstances
The Organization Man survives as a modern classic because it captures a permanent part of our social condition.
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conduct   Pronounce
v. [عمل] direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide
You cannot conduct business like this.
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confess   Pronounce
v. [اعتراف] acknowledge; admit that you have done something wrong
When any vicious simpleton excites my disgust by his paltry ribaldry, I cannot flatter myself that I am better than he: I am forced to confess that he and I are on a level.
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confidence   Pronounce
n. [اعتماد] feeling secure or certain about something
He said the aim was to restore baseball fans' confidence, but the new penalties for players who test positive for drugs fall far short of those in other sports.
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confident   Pronounce
a. [اعتماد] assured; having or marked by assurance
They don't sound confident about the future of the industry.
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confidential   Pronounce
a. [خفیہ] treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret
He has been on confidential missions to Berlin; all of us don't know his secret trip.
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confirm   Pronounce
v. [تصدیق] support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify
In the aftermath of Saturday's mass poisoning, the authorities imposed a virtual news blackout, refusing even to confirm how many people had died.
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conflict   Pronounce
n. [تنازعے] fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events
According to the United Nations, malnutrition rates have now been cut by half since the start of the conflict.
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confront   Pronounce
v. [کا سامنا] be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with
Here in the heart of conservative Texas, young criminals, murderers and thugs are forced to confront military-style discipline, a traditional view of right and wrong.
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confusion   Pronounce
n. [برم] a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order
My uncle got into the back of the car, scratching his head in confusion, having missed the episode completely.
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congress   Pronounce
n. [جلوس] meeting of elected or appointed representatives
Just a day after congress granted him special powers, he has begun turning the screws on the international oil companies.
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conscience   Pronounce
n. [روح] motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgment
The truth in conscience is immediately near to me, as near the seed that rests upon the wayside.
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conscious   Pronounce
a. [ئماندار ہوش] awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you; alert
I was conscious that a moment's mutiny had already rendered me liable to strange penalties, and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved.
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conspiracy   Pronounce
n. [سازش] plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act
Information minister Jerry Gana released a statement in which he says there has been an international media conspiracy against Nigeria.
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constant   Pronounce
a. [مسلسل] invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent
Yemen's state news agency says the president visited the three wounded officials at the Saudi hospital and expressed happiness about their health's constant progress.
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constitution   Pronounce
n. [ائین] law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming something
President Putin said Britain knew Russia's constitution prohibits such extradition.
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consult   Pronounce
v. [مشورہ] seek advice or information of; take into account; consider
I will consult with our friends, but it's going to be what's in the interests of our country first and foremost.
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consumer   Pronounce
n. [خریدار] people who buy goods or services
Adidas and Reebok are two of the world's best-known consumer brands, but they're in the shadow of Nike, the giant of the sportswear industry.
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contact   Pronounce
v. [رابطہ] get in touch with; reach
But Britney, 21, says he called her at two of her homes and even tried to contact her at her parents' house.
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contempt   Pronounce
n. [اومان] state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
The poor fools, who hold science in contempt, have no ability to realize that science proves them wrong at every turn.
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content   Pronounce
n. [مواد] volume; something contained; material, including text and images
The brain is hungry not for the method but for content, especially the latter, which contains powerful, precise, and explicit generalizations.
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contest   Pronounce
v. [مقابلہ] contend for; call in question; oppose; dispute
The lawyer decided to contest the claim and tried to prove that it was false.
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contract   Pronounce
v. [معاہدہ] constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate
The heat will contract the woolen garment.
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contrary   Pronounce
a. [برعکس] relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose
Our boat took a course contrary to theirs.
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convention   Pronounce
n. [کنونشن] social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states
Moreover, following this convention is our friend's normal behavior when in such a mood.
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convict   Pronounce
v. [مجرم] find or declare guilty
If the jury decided to convict him of manslaughter, he could face up to 20 years in prison.
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conviction   Pronounce
n. [عقائد] the judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
Even her murder conviction did not shake Peter's judgment that Harriet was innocent of the crime.
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convince   Pronounce
v. [منانے] overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guilty
Your argument is too weak to convince me; we need more evidence.
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cooperate   Pronounce
v. [تعاون] work or act together toward a common end or purpose
The best way to get Pakistan to cooperate is to find why it is so keen to retain influence in Afghanistan and try to meet its concerns.
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core   Pronounce
n. [کور] basic, center,  or most important part; the essence
But at the core is a story about two men who can't let go of the sense that they are dreaming their way through what might be an ultimately meaningless life.
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corner   Pronounce
n. [کونے] position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an angle
I sat by myself in the corner without speaking.
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corporate   Pronounce
a. [کارپوریٹ] united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to a corporation or incorporated body
The demonstrators inspired thousands of allies to take to the streets to protest economic inequality and corporate greed.
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