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Exam Word - https://www.examword.com/ Total words: 100

500 IELTS Vocabulary (AWL,HK Univ.) 1: Print Flashcard

abandon
/ə'bændən/ n. Syn. relinquish
(没有约束,放任情绪) lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
abstract
/'æbstrækt/ a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
(抽象的) theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
academy
/ə'kædəmɪ/ n.
(学会,学院,高等专科学校) school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists
access
/'æksɛs/ n. Syn. approach
(接触,接近(的机会)) approach; entry; entrance
accommodate
/ə'kɒmədeɪt/ v. Syn. adapt; oblige
(招待,食宿,适应) do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
accompany
/ə'kʌmpənɪ/ v.
(陪伴,伴随,伴奏) travel with; be associated with
accumulate
/ə'kju:mjʊleɪt/ v. Syn. collect
(堆积,积聚,积累) pile up; collect; mount up; increase
accurate
/'ækjʊrət/ a. Syn. precise; correct
(准确的,正确的) capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
achieve
/ə'tʃi:v/ v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
(完成,实现) gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill
acknowledge
/ək'nɒlɪdʒ/ v. Syn. recognize; admit
(认可,承认) declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
acquire
/ə'kwaɪə(r)/ v. Syn. obtain; gain
(获取) gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system
adapt
/ə'dæpt/ v. Syn. alter; modify
(改变) make fit for; change to suit a new purpose
adequate
/'ædɪkwət/ a. Syn. sufficient; enough
(足够的,充实的) sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
adjacent
/ə'dʒeɪsənt/ a. Syn. adjoining; neighboring
(邻近的,毗邻的) adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
adjust
/ə'dʒʌst/ v. Syn. adapt; regulate
(调整,使适于) adapt; regulate
administrate
/əd'mɪnɪstreɪt/ v.
(管理) administer; supply; supervise or be in charge of
adult
/'ædʌlt/ n.
(成年的,已成人的,成年人) one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown
advocate
/'ædvəkət/ v. Syn. urge; support
(辩护,推广) speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
affect
/ə'fɛkt/ v.
(影响,假装) have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
aggregate
/'ægrɪgət/ v. Syn. gather; accumulate
(收集,聚集) gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to
aid
/eɪd/ n.
(助手) person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
albeit
/ɔ:l'bi:ɪt/ ad.
(虽然,纵使) even though; although; notwithstanding
allocate
/'æləkeɪt/ v. Syn. assign
(分配,制定) assign; distribute according to plan
alter
/'ɔ:ltə(r)/ v. Syn. modify; change; convert
(改变,修改) modify; cause to change; make different; convert
alternative
/ɔ:l'tɜrnətɪv/ a.
(另一可选的,另外的) one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice
ambiguous
/æm'bɪgjʊəs/ a.
(模棱两可的) unclear or doubtful in meaning
amend
/ə'mɛnd/ v. Syn. correct; improve
(修订,修改,变更) change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors
analogy
/ə'nælədʒɪ/ n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
(类比,相似) similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity
analyse
/'ænəlaɪz/ v.
(分析) resolve anything complex into its elements; separate into parts for purpose of examination of each separately
analysis
/ə'næləsɪs/ n. Syn. study; investigation
(分析,分析报告) study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts
annual
/'ænjʊəl/ a.
(每年的) occurring or payable every year
anticipate
/æn'tɪsɪpeɪt/ v. Syn. expect; predict
(预期,预料) act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
apparent
/ə'pærənt/ a. Syn. visible
(明显的,明白的,外表的,表面上的) capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye
append
/ə'pɛnd/ v. Syn. attach
(追加,附上) attach; add as supplement or appendix
appreciate
/ə'pri:ʃɪeɪt/ v. Syn. admire; value
(感激,增值,赏识) be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
approach
/ə'proʊtʃ/ n. Syn. access; method
(方法) access; method
appropriate
/ə'proʊprɪət/ v. Syn. acquire; allocate
(获得,挪用,据为己有) acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
approximate
/ə'prɒksɪmət/ v. Syn. approach
(接近,近似) approach; come near
arbitrary
/'ɑrbɪtrərɪ/;/'ɑrrbɪtrɛrɪ/ a. Syn. capricious; impulse
(反复无常,随机的) randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
area
/'ɛərɪə/ n.
(范围,区域,地区,面积,领域) plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range
aspect
/'æspɛkt/ n. Syn. respect; facet
((问题的)方面,(事物的)一部分) distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind
assemble
/ə'sɛmb(ə)l/ v. Syn. gather
(集合,装配) put together; bring or call together into a group or whole
assess
/ə'sɛs/ v. Syn. estimate; judge
(估计,估算,评估,评价) estimate value; judge worth of something
assign
/ə'saɪn/ v. Syn. appoint; allot
(分配,指定,让与) appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly
assist
/ə'sɪst/ v. Syn. help
(援助,帮助) give help or support to, especially as a subordinate
assume
/ə'sju:m/;/ə'su:m/ v. Syn. suppose; presume
(假定,设想) suppose; presume; take on; bear
assure
/ə'ʃʊə(r)/;/ə'ʃʊər/ v. Syn. solidify; guarantee; convince
(确保,向…保证,使确信) solidify; guarantee; convince
attach
/ə'tætʃ/ v. Syn. fasten; annex
(系,缚,附加) fasten; annex; be in contact with
attain
/ə'teɪn/ v. Syn. gain
(获得,完成) achieve or accomplish; gain
attitude
/'ætɪtju:d/;/'ætɪtud/ n.
(姿势,态度,看法,意见) posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue
attribute
/ə'trɪbju:t/ n. Syn. trait
(属性,声望) essential quality; reputation; honor
author
/'ɔ:θə(r)/ n.
(作者,创作者,创始者) beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer
authority
/ɔ:'θɒrɪtɪ/ n. Syn. jurisdiction; power
(权力,权限,权威人士) jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government
automate
/'ɔ:təmeɪt/ v.
(使自动化) replace or enhance human labor with machines
available
/ə'veɪləb(ə)l/ a. Syn. free
(自由的,有空的) convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
aware
/ə'wɛə(r)/ a.
(知道的,明白的) knowing; having knowledge or cognizance
behalf
/bɪ'hɑrf/ n. Syn. represent
(代表) represent; advantage, benefit, interest of someone
benefit
/'bɛnɪfɪt/ n. Syn. welfare; gain
(利益,好处) advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain
bias
/'baɪəs/ n. Syn. prejudice; preference
(偏见,偏好) preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way
bond
/bɒnd/ n. Syn. link; tie; connection
(联结,联系,粘连,化学键 v 结合) link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty
brief
/bri:f/ a.
(短暂的,简短的,简单地说) short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise
bulk
/bʌlk/ n. Syn. majority; mass
(大批,大部分) majority; main part; volume; mass
capable
/'keɪpəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. competent
(有能力的) having the ability required for a specific task
capacity
/kə'pæsɪtɪ/ n. Syn. volume; ability; capability
(容量,生产量,能力) mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate
category
/'kætɪgərɪ/ n. Syn. group
(种类,类目,范畴) group; class; collection of things sharing a common attribute
cease
/si:s/ v. Syn. stop; terminate
(停止,终止) stop; terminate; put an end to; discontinue
challenge
/'tʃælɪndʒ/ v.
(挑战,邀请比赛,盘问,质询) assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to
channel
/'tʃæn(ə)l/ n.
(海峡,沟,途径,渠道,频道) passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access
chapter
/'tʃæptə(r)/ n.
((书,文章的)章,回) division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society
chart
/tʃɑrt/ n. Syn. graph; diagram
(海图,图表) graph; diagram; map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators
circumstance
/'sɜrkəmstəns/ n. Syn. situation; condition
(环境,情况) situation; condition; detail accompanying or surrounding an event
cite
/saɪt/ v. Syn. quote
(引用,掌握) quote; adduce as an instance
civil
/'sɪv(ə)l/ a. Syn. civic
(平民的,市民的,民事的,非军事的,国内的,文明的) having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
clarify
/'klærɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. illuminate; elucidate
(澄清,阐明) make clear and comprehensible; elucidate
classic
/'klæsɪk/ n.
(第一流的,模范的,著名的,典型的) work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence
clause
/klɔ:z/ n. Syn. sentence; phrase
(分句,条款) sentence; phrase; distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document
code
/koʊd/ n.
(代码,密码,规范,法典) body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words
coherent
/koʊ'hɪərənt/ a. Syn. adhesive; cohesive
(粘在一起的) adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
coincide
/koʊɪn'saɪd/ v. Syn. correspond
(同时发生,相符合,相巧合) occur at the same time as; correspond
collapse
/kə'læps/ v.
(倒坍,坍陷,失败) breakdown; failure
colleague
/'kɒli:g/ n. Syn. associate
(同事,同僚) fellow worker; associate; co-worker
commence
/kə'mɛns/ v. Syn. originate; start; begin
(开始,倡导) have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin
comment
/'kɒmɛnt/ v. Syn. remark; judgment
(注释,评论) express an opinion; remark
commission
/kə'mɪʃ(ə)n/ n.
(佣金,委员会,委任,任命) fee for services; group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize
commit
/kə'mɪt/ v.
(犯(错误),干(坏事)) do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted
commodity
/kə'mɒdɪtɪ/ n. Syn. goods
(商品,日用品) goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.
communicate
/kə'mju:nɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. convey; inform; correspond
(传达,沟通,通信) send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly
community
/kə'mju:nɪtɪ/ n. Syn. society; district
(社区,社会) society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government
compatible
/kəm'pætɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. harmonious
(和谐的) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes
compensate
/'kɒmpɛnseɪt/ v. Syn. make up; reimburse
(补偿,赔偿) make amends for; reimburse
compile
/kəm'paɪl/ v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
(聚集,积累,汇集) put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources
complement
/'kɒmpləmənt/ v. Syn. complete; consummate
(补足,完善) complete; consummate; make perfect
complex
/'kɒmplɛks/ a. Syn. intricate; compound
(复杂的,费解的,结构复杂的) complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures
component
/kəm'poʊnənt/ n. Syn. element; ingredient
(成分) element; ingredient; abstract part of something
compound
/kɒm'paʊnd/ v. Syn. combine; constitute
(混合,组合,增加) combine; mix; constitute; pay interest; increase
comprehensive
/kɒmprɪ'hɛnsɪv/ a. Syn. thorough; inclusive
(全面的) thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope
comprise
/kəm'praɪz/ v. Syn. include
(包括) include; consist of; be composed of
compute
/kəm'pju:t/ v. Syn. reckon; calculate
(计算) reckon; make mathematical calculation
conceive
/kən'si:v/ v. Syn. design; consider
(构思,设想) form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way
concentrate
/'kɒnsəntreɪt/ v.
(使集中于一点,浓缩) bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body