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  Academic Words Level 4 - 1 - Spelling PracticesWord List   Next    
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n. shortening something by omitting parts of it

Spelling Word: abbreviation
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v. cancel; put an end to; destroy completely

Spelling Word: abolish
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a. being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native

Spelling Word: aboriginal
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v. be full of; be plentiful

Spelling Word: abound
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n. scratch; friction; the process of rubbing away the surface of something

Spelling Word: abrasion
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v. condense; shorten; reduce length of written text

Spelling Word: abridge
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n. great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing

Spelling Word: abundance
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v. move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected

Spelling Word: accelerate
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v. applaud; announce with great approval

Spelling Word: acclaim
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n. living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience

Spelling Word: accommodation
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n. settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states

Spelling Word: accord
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v. pile up; collect;  mount up; increase

Spelling Word: accumulate
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n. one who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault

Spelling Word: accuser
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v. inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar

Spelling Word: acquaint
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a. expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

Spelling Word: adept
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v. stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with

Spelling Word: adhere
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a. adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near

Spelling Word: adjacent
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v. be next to; be contiguous to; border on

Spelling Word: adjoin
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v. administer; supply; supervise or be in charge of

Spelling Word: administrate
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n. state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity

Spelling Word: adolescence
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n. coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important

Spelling Word: advent
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a. in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

Spelling Word: adverse
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a. of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air

Spelling Word: aerial
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a. elegant or tasteful; of or concerning the appreciation of beauty or good taste

Spelling Word: aesthetic
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v. associate; cause a group to become part of or form a close relationship with another

Spelling Word: affiliate
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v. state something as true; assert; confirm

Spelling Word: affirm
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v. fasten; append; add on; secure to something

Spelling Word: affix
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v. cause pain, suffering, or distress

Spelling Word: afflict
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v. gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

Spelling Word: aggregate
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n. anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

Spelling Word: agitation
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a. ready to consent or submit; acceptable

Spelling Word: agreeable
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a. exposure to air for freshening or drying; exposure to public attention; radio or television broadcast

Spelling Word: airing
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ad. even though; although; notwithstanding

Spelling Word: albeit
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v. state without proof; assert to be true

Spelling Word: allege
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v. provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

Spelling Word: alleviate
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v. assign; distribute according to plan

Spelling Word: allocate
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v. parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot

Spelling Word: allot
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v. combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate

Spelling Word: alloy
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a. arranged in customary order of the letters of a language

Spelling Word: alphabetical
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n. state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty

Spelling Word: ambiguity
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a. unclear or doubtful in meaning

Spelling Word: ambiguous
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v. change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors

Spelling Word: amend
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ad. in the middle of; among; surrounded by

Spelling Word: amid
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ad. amid; in the middle of; among

Spelling Word: amidst
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v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase

Spelling Word: amplify
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v. resolve anything complex into its elements; separate into parts for examination of each separately

Spelling Word: analyse
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a. of analysis; resolving into elements or parts

Spelling Word: analytical
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n. forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor

Spelling Word: ancestor
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n. a short account of the amusing or interesting event; short narrative; a secret story of history or biography

Spelling Word: anecdote
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v. destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence

Spelling Word: annihilate
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n. annual payment of allowance or income; periodical payment, amounting to a fixed sum in each year

Spelling Word: annuity
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n. active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor

Spelling Word: antagonism
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a. opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or the region near it

Spelling Word: antarctic
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n. book of literary selections by various authors

Spelling Word: anthology
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a. offering or expressing an apology or excuse; serving as or containing a formal justification or defense

Spelling Word: apologetic
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n. a group of parts that work together to perform a given function; appliance, or device for a particular purpose

Spelling Word: apparatus
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v. attach; add as supplement or appendix

Spelling Word: append
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n. durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use

Spelling Word: appliance
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n. candidate; a person who formally requests something, especially a job

Spelling Word: applicant
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n. assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth

Spelling Word: appraisal
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a. large enough to be noticed or to affect; perceptible

Spelling Word: appreciable
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n. works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner

Spelling Word: apprentice
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v. come near or nearer to something or someone in space, time, quality, or amount

Spelling Word: approximate
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a. likely; precisely suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand

Spelling Word: apt
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a. consisting of, relating to, or being in the water

Spelling Word: aquatic
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a. randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle

Spelling Word: arbitrary
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a. no longer current or applicable; antiquated

Spelling Word: archaic
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a. displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate

Spelling Word: ardent
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a. demanding great effort or labor; difficult

Spelling Word: arduous
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n. defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons

Spelling Word: armour
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v. excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep

Spelling Word: arouse
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v. set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement

Spelling Word: array
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v. move up or climb something; mount

Spelling Word: ascend
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n. upward slope or grade; movement upward

Spelling Word: ascent
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v. find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

Spelling Word: ascertain
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v. inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

Spelling Word: ascribe
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n. ambition; something that you hope to achieve

Spelling Word: aspiration
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v. seek to attain; long for; strive toward an end

Spelling Word: aspire
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v. declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

Spelling Word: assert
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a. varied;  consisting of various types mixed together  

Spelling Word: assorted
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v. affect with wonder; surprise; shock

Spelling Word: astound
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v. achieve or accomplish; gain

Spelling Word: attain
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n. essential quality; reputation; honor

Spelling Word: attribute
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a. perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear

Spelling Word: audible
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v. make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

Spelling Word: augment
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a. weighting authority; peremptory and dictatorial

Spelling Word: authoritative
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v. replace or enhance human labor with machines

Spelling Word: automate
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n. the use of machines and computers that can operate without needing human control

Spelling Word: automation
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n. independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination

Spelling Word: autonomy
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a. helper, additional or subsidiary

Spelling Word: auxiliary
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v. turn to the advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote

Spelling Word: avail
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v. prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

Spelling Word: avert
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n. art or science of flying; flight; aeronautics

Spelling Word: aviation
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n. the center around which something rotates; pivot

Spelling Word: axis
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n. game played on a court with light long-handled rackets

Spelling Word: badminton
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v. frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

Spelling Word: baffle
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n. plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries

Spelling Word: bamboo
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n. an instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere

Spelling Word: barometer
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n. hastily put together defensive barrier; obstacle

Spelling Word: barricade
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v. trade goods or services without the exchange of money

Spelling Word: barter
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n. small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood that is pierced for stringing

Spelling Word: bead
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n. one skilled in giving cosmetic treatments; one who does hair styling, manicures, and other beauty treatments

Spelling Word: beautician
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a. helpful; tending to promote physical well-being

Spelling Word: beneficial
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n. space for the ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; the place to sleep or stay; appointment or job

Spelling Word: berth
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v. attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in

Spelling Word: beset
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v. lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes

Spelling Word: bewilder
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n. list of works of a specific author or publisher; list of writings relating to a given subject

Spelling Word: bibliography
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a. two-sided; mutual;  involving two groups or countries  

Spelling Word: bilateral
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n. using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency

Spelling Word: bilingual
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n. mineral pitch; black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame

Spelling Word: bitumen
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n. a group of nations, parties, or persons united for common action

Spelling Word: bloc
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n. spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; a weak point or failing

Spelling Word: blot
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n. serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

Spelling Word: blunder
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v. show off oneself;  speak of with excessive pride

Spelling Word: boast
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n. case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors

Spelling Word: bookcase
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n. one who keeps accounts; one who has charge of keeping books and accounts in an office

Spelling Word: bookkeeper
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n. stall where books are sold, as on the street; table with enclosed sides, for displaying books for sale

Spelling Word: bookstall
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n. dividing line; border; frontier

Spelling Word: boundary
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v. refrain from buying or using

Spelling Word: boycott
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n. characteristic of being brash; the trait of being rash and hasty; tasteless showiness

Spelling Word: brashness
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a. marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner

Spelling Word: brisk
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v. graze; skim or glance at casually

Spelling Word: browse
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v. cause to curve outward; swell up; stick out; protrude

Spelling Word: bulge
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n. small house or cottage usually having a single story and attic

Spelling Word: bungalow
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a. able to float; cheerful and optimistic

Spelling Word: buoyant
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n. over-regulated administrative system

Spelling Word: bureaucracy
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n. tunnel; hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; moving through by or as by digging

Spelling Word: burrow
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v. move or cause to move energetically and busily; teem

Spelling Word: bustle
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n. the event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery

Spelling Word: calamity
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n. silvery, moderately hard metallic element

Spelling Word: calcium
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n. unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 degree

Spelling Word: calorie
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n. a vessel used by soldiers for carrying water or other drinks; snack bar or small cafeteria

Spelling Word: canteen
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n. title; chapter heading; text under illustration

Spelling Word: caption
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n. the dead body of an animal, especially one slaughtered and dressed for food

Spelling Word: carcass
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n. an agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged

Spelling Word: catalyst
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a. capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action

Spelling Word: caustic
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n. overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content

Spelling Word: censor
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a. relating to a 100-year period; occurring once every 100 years

Spelling Word: centenary
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v. give certain information to; assure; make certain

Spelling Word: certify
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v. distinguish; be characteristic of; be a distinctive trait or mark of

Spelling Word: characterize
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n. deep opening in the earth surface

Spelling Word: chasm
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a. morally pure in thought or conduct; decent and modest

Spelling Word: chaste
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n. a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee

Spelling Word: chore
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a. arranged in order of time of occurrence

Spelling Word: chronological
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v. move through space, circuit, or system, returning to the starting point

Spelling Word: circulate
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n. the boundary line of a circle,  figure, area, or object

Spelling Word: circumference
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v. quote; adduce as an instance

Spelling Word: cite
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n. fastening device; firm grip

Spelling Word: clasp
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v. declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories

Spelling Word: classify
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ad. in the direction that the hands of a clock move

Spelling Word: clockwise
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n. group; bunch; group of the same or similar elements gathered or occurring closely

Spelling Word: cluster
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a. rough; harsh; of low, common, or inferior quality

Spelling Word: coarse
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n. system of education in which both men and women attend the same institution or classes

Spelling Word: coeducation
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a. knowing or perceiving; part of mental functions that deals with logic

Spelling Word: cognitive
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a. adhesive; sticking together; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

Spelling Word: coherent
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n. a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes

Spelling Word: coil
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v. occur at the same time as; correspond

Spelling Word: coincide
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n. act of working together; act of cooperating with an enemy, especially it occupying one's own country

Spelling Word: collaboration
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v. bump; hit something violently

Spelling Word: collide
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a. capable of igniting and burning; easily aroused or excited

Spelling Word: combustible
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v. serve as a memorial to; honor the memory of with a ceremony

Spelling Word: commemorate
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v. commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard

Spelling Word: commend
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n. goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit

Spelling Word: commodity
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a. ordinary; having no remarkable features

Spelling Word: commonplace
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v. obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; regularly travel from a place of residence to another place

Spelling Word: commute
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n. someone who regularly travels from home in a suburb to work in a city

Spelling Word: commuter
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a. similar or equivalent; being of equal regard; worthy of being ranked with

Spelling Word: comparable
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v. force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force

Spelling Word: compel
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v. put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

Spelling Word: compile
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v. complete; consummate; make perfect

Spelling Word: complement
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n. readiness to yield; happy friendly agreement

Spelling Word: compliance
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v. write; create; make or create by putting together parts or elements

Spelling Word: compose
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a. made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded

Spelling Word: composite
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v. close; squeeze or press together; contract

Spelling Word: compress
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v. include; consist of; be composed of

Spelling Word: comprise
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a. mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

Spelling Word: compulsory
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v. reckon; make a mathematical calculation

Spelling Word: compute
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a. planned or accomplished together; combined

Spelling Word: concerted
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a. brief and compact; expressing much in few words

Spelling Word: concise
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v. digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition

Spelling Word: concoct
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a. simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time

Spelling Word: concurrent
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v. change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate

Spelling Word: condense
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n. expression of sympathy with another in sorrow or grief.

Spelling Word: condolence
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v. bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

Spelling Word: confer
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n. arrangement of parts or elements; outline

Spelling Word: configuration
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v. restrict in movement; circumscribe

Spelling Word: confine
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v. comply with; follow; fit; meet

Spelling Word: conform
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n. act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass

Spelling Word: congestion
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a. possessing congruity; suitable; agreeing; corresponding

Spelling Word: congruent
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a. diligent; responsible; reliable

Spelling Word: conscientious
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a. following one after another without interruption; sequential

Spelling Word: consecutive
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a. resulting; following as a logical conclusion

Spelling Word: consequent
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n. preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglect

Spelling Word: conservation
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n. greenhouse; school of music or dramatic art

Spelling Word: conservatory
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v. retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste

Spelling Word: conserve
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v. give, transfer, or deliver formally, as if by signing over into the possession of another

Spelling Word: consign
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v. be made up or composed; be comprised or contained in

Spelling Word: consist
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v. make solid; unite or press together into a compact mass; harden or make dense and firm

Spelling Word: consolidate
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a. noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

Spelling Word: conspicuous
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n. component or part; citizen, voter

Spelling Word: constituent
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v. make up; form something

Spelling Word: constitute
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v. restrain; keep within close bounds; confine

Spelling Word: constrain
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v. restrict; shrink; make smaller or narrower by binding or squeezing

Spelling Word: constrict
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v. form by assembling or combining parts; build; create

Spelling Word: construct
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v. make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile

Spelling Word: contaminate
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v. look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

Spelling Word: contemplate
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v. strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for

Spelling Word: contend
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n. competing as for any profit or prize

Spelling Word: contention
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n. property of a continuous and connected period of time

Spelling Word: continuity
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v. confront; state the opposite of what someone has said

Spelling Word: contradict
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n. the assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement; opposition, whether by argument or conduct

Spelling Word: contradiction
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v. form by an exercise of ingenuity; invent or design

Spelling Word: contrive
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v. cause to come together formally

Spelling Word: convene
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v. approach; tend to meet; come together

Spelling Word: converge
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v. chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts

Spelling Word: converse
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ad. in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.

Spelling Word: conversely
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v. relate; associate; bring into a mutual relation

Spelling Word: correlate
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v. be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messages

Spelling Word: correspond
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n. similarity or analogy; communication by the exchange of letters

Spelling Word: correspondence
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a. one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical

Spelling Word: correspondent
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a. accompanying; analogous or equivalent in character, form, or function; comparable

Spelling Word: corresponding
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a. sophisticated; of worldwide scope

Spelling Word: cosmopolitan
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n. padded or knitted covering placed especially over a teapot to keep the tea hot; cozy

Spelling Word: cosy
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v. act as force or influence that balances, checks, or limits an opposite one

Spelling Word: counterbalance
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n. duplicate copy; one that closely resembles another

Spelling Word: counterpart
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n. a bowl-shaped opening at the top of a volcano

Spelling Word: crater
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n. a line or long thin mark made by folding or doubling

Spelling Word: crease
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n. standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test

Spelling Word: criterion
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v. bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey or in fear

Spelling Word: crouch
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v. reach the highest or most decisive point;  rise to the summit

Spelling Word: culminate
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v. improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth of

Spelling Word: cultivate
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a. heavy; difficult to handle because of weight or bulk

Spelling Word: cumbersome
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a. increasing by successive addition

Spelling Word: cumulative
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n. the subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college; course or program

Spelling Word: curriculum
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v. cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part

Spelling Word: curtail
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n. a person who has responsibility for or looks after something; guardian

Spelling Word: custodian
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n. standstill resulting from the opposition of two forces or factions; stalemate

Spelling Word: deadlock
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n. scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops

Spelling Word: dearth
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v. decay, or to cause something to decay

Spelling Word: decompose
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v. lessen; reduce; make a quantity smaller

Spelling Word: decrease
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a. weakened, worn out, or broken down by old age, illness, or hard use

Spelling Word: decrepit
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v. lead forth; conclude by reasoning; trace the origin or derivation of

Spelling Word: deduce
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v. lead forth or out; take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; subtract

Spelling Word: deduct
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v. decide; judge; sentence; condemn

Spelling Word: deem
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n. failure to act; an option that is selected automatically

Spelling Word: default
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v. delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

Spelling Word: defer
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n. refusal to yield; readiness to contend or resist

Spelling Word: defiance
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v. pollute; make dirty or spotty

Spelling Word: defile
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v. reduce from an inflated condition; release contained air or gas from

Spelling Word: deflate
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v. turn aside; draw someone's attention away from something

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v. deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device

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a. quick and skillful; neat in action or performance

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v. reduce level; lower grade of something

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a. delightful; delicious; extremely pleasing to the sense of taste

Spelling Word: delectable
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n. a person authorized to act as a representative for another; deputy

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n. a mental disorder marked by confusion

Spelling Word: delirium
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v. deceive mind or judgment of; lead from truth or into error; frustrate or disappoint

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n. great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

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v. raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end to

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n. class, society, or collection of individuals called by the same name; specifically, a religious sect

Spelling Word: denomination
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v. indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

Spelling Word: denote
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v. represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

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v. decrease fullness of; use up or empty out

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n. act of emptying, reducing, or exhausting

Spelling Word: depletion
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v. feel or express strong disapproval of; condemn; express sorrow or grief over; regret

Spelling Word: deplore
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v. lower in spirits; press down

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a. left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty

Spelling Word: derelict
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v. obtain or receive from a source; trace the origin or development of

Spelling Word: derive
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v. move downward and lower; come from; be connected by a relationship of blood

Spelling Word: descend
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v. indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

Spelling Word: designate
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a. unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitants

Spelling Word: desolate
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v. intend or choose someone or something for a particular purpose or end  

Spelling Word: destine
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v. part; separate or disunite; disengage

Spelling Word: detach
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v. keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay

Spelling Word: detain
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v. keep from; stop; prevent or discourage from acting

Spelling Word: deter
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n. harm; damage; injury; something that causes damage, harm, or loss

Spelling Word: detriment
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a. causing damage or harm; injurious

Spelling Word: detrimental
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v. ruin; lay waste; destroy; make desolate

Spelling Word: devastate
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v. turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge

Spelling Word: deviate
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v. form, plan, or arrange in mind; transmit or give by will

Spelling Word: devise
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v. consume; eat greedily; destroy completely

Spelling Word: devour
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v. analyze; examine; identify the cause of something

Spelling Word: diagnose
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n. graph; chart; figure or drawing made to illustrate a statement; plan

Spelling Word: diagram
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n. vocabulary that is for a specific group of people

Spelling Word: dialect
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n. length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference

Spelling Word: diameter
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v. set apart; distinguish; perceive or show the difference in or between

Spelling Word: differentiate
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v. spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely

Spelling Word: diffuse
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a. in disrepair, run-down; of very poor quality or condition

Spelling Word: dilapidated
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v. make wider or larger; cause to expand; enlarge; widen

Spelling Word: dilate
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a. assiduous; industrious; hard-working

Spelling Word: diligent
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v. weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

Spelling Word: dilute
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v. dwindle; reduce; make smaller or less or to cause to appear so

Spelling Word: diminish
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n. loud, confused, harsh noise; loud, continuous, rattling, or clanging sound

Spelling Word: din
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a. darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored

Spelling Word: dingy
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n. one who is in charge to deal with others, like an ambassador, who is appointed to represent a government

Spelling Word: diplomat
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v. throw into disorder; break the array of.

Spelling Word: disarray
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v. throw out something from one's hand; get rid of

Spelling Word: discard
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v. detect; perceive, recognize, or understand something that is not clear

Spelling Word: discern
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v. unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view

Spelling Word: disclose
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n. conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things

Spelling Word: discord