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  Academic Words Level 4 - 1 - Spelling PracticesWord List   Next    
Read [Esc] (1) n. [缩写,缩写词] shortening something by omitting parts of it


Spelling Word: abbreviation
Read [Esc] (2) v. [废除] cancel; put an end to; destroy completely


Spelling Word: abolish
Read [Esc] (3) a. [原来的,土著的] being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native


Spelling Word: aboriginal
Read [Esc] (4) v. [充满,富于] be full of; be plentiful


Spelling Word: abound
Read [Esc] (5) n. [磨(擦)破,擦伤处(尤指皮肤因磨擦等造成者).表面磨损] scratch; friction; the process of rubbing away the surface of something


Spelling Word: abrasion
Read [Esc] (6) v. [删节,节选] condense; shorten; reduce length of written text


Spelling Word: abridge
Read [Esc] (7) n. [丰富,充裕] great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing


Spelling Word: abundance
Read [Esc] (8) v. [加速] move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected


Spelling Word: accelerate
Read [Esc] (9) v. [赞扬,表扬] applaud; announce with great approval


Spelling Word: acclaim
Read [Esc] (10) n. [住处,住所,适应,调节,通融] living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience


Spelling Word: accommodation
Read [Esc] (11) n. [一致,协议] settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states


Spelling Word: accord
Read [Esc] (12) v. [堆积,积聚,积累] pile up; collect;  mount up; increase


Spelling Word: accumulate
Read [Esc] (13) n. [原告,起诉人] one who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault


Spelling Word: accuser
Read [Esc] (14) v. [熟悉] inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar


Spelling Word: acquaint
Read [Esc] (15) a. [擅长于] expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude


Spelling Word: adept
Read [Esc] (16) v. [黏着] stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with


Spelling Word: adhere
Read [Esc] (17) a. [邻近的,毗邻的] adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near


Spelling Word: adjacent
Read [Esc] (18) v. [毗连,临近,贴近] be next to; be contiguous to; border on


Spelling Word: adjoin
Read [Esc] (19) v. [管理] administer; supply; supervise or be in charge of


Spelling Word: administrate
Read [Esc] (20) n. [青春期] state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity


Spelling Word: adolescence
Read [Esc] (21) n. [到来,出现] coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important


Spelling Word: advent
Read [Esc] (22) a. [讨厌,敌意] in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose


Spelling Word: adverse
Read [Esc] (23) a. [空气的,空中的] of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air


Spelling Word: aerial
Read [Esc] (24) a. [审美的] elegant or tasteful; of or concerning the appreciation of beauty or good taste


Spelling Word: aesthetic
Read [Esc] (25) v. [使隶属,接纳为成员] associate; cause a group to become part of or form a close relationship with another


Spelling Word: affiliate
Read [Esc] (26) v. [断言,证实,确认] state something as true; assert; confirm


Spelling Word: affirm
Read [Esc] (27) v. [增加,附于] fasten; append; add on; secure to something


Spelling Word: affix
Read [Esc] (28) v. [折磨,使苦恼] cause pain, suffering, or distress


Spelling Word: afflict
Read [Esc] (29) v. [收集,聚集] gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to


Spelling Word: aggregate
Read [Esc] (30) n. [焦虑,不安,鼓动,煽动] anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance


Spelling Word: agitation
Read [Esc] (31) a. [使人愉快的,合意的] ready to consent or submit; acceptable


Spelling Word: agreeable
Read [Esc] (32) a. [晾干,通风,公开,公开讨论,散步,开汽车兜风] exposure to air for freshening or drying; exposure to public attention; radio or television broadcast


Spelling Word: airing
Read [Esc] (33) ad. [虽然,纵使] even though; although; notwithstanding


Spelling Word: albeit
Read [Esc] (34) v. [断言] state without proof; assert to be true


Spelling Word: allege
Read [Esc] (35) v. [解脱,释放,释然] provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part


Spelling Word: alleviate
Read [Esc] (36) v. [分配,制定] assign; distribute according to plan


Spelling Word: allocate
Read [Esc] (37) v. [按份额分配] parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot


Spelling Word: allot
Read [Esc] (38) v. [混合,减少纯度] combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate


Spelling Word: alloy
Read [Esc] (39) a. [字母的,按字母顺序] arranged in customary order of the letters of a language


Spelling Word: alphabetical
Read [Esc] (40) n. [模棱两可] state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty


Spelling Word: ambiguity
Read [Esc] (41) a. [模棱两可] unclear or doubtful in meaning


Spelling Word: ambiguous
Read [Esc] (42) v. [修订,修改,变更] change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors


Spelling Word: amend
Read [Esc] (43) ad. [在…中] in the middle of; among; surrounded by


Spelling Word: amid
Read [Esc] (44) ad. [在…中] amid; in the middle of; among


Spelling Word: amidst
Read [Esc] (45) v. [放大] broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase


Spelling Word: amplify
Read [Esc] (46) v. [分析] resolve anything complex into its elements; separate into parts for examination of each separately


Spelling Word: analyse
Read [Esc] (47) a. [分析法的,善于分析的] of analysis; resolving into elements or parts


Spelling Word: analytical
Read [Esc] (48) n. [祖先,祖宗] forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor


Spelling Word: ancestor
Read [Esc] (49) n. [奇闻轶事] a short account of the amusing or interesting event; short narrative; a secret story of history or biography


Spelling Word: anecdote
Read [Esc] (50) v. [毁灭,破坏] destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence


Spelling Word: annihilate
Read [Esc] (51) n. [年金,养老金] annual payment of allowance or income; periodical payment, amounting to a fixed sum in each year


Spelling Word: annuity
Read [Esc] (52) n. [反抗,敌对] active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor


Spelling Word: antagonism
Read [Esc] (53) a. [南极的] opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or the region near it


Spelling Word: antarctic
Read [Esc] (54) n. [选集] book of literary selections by various authors


Spelling Word: anthology
Read [Esc] (55) a. [道歉的,歉意的] offering or expressing an apology or excuse; serving as or containing a formal justification or defense


Spelling Word: apologetic
Read [Esc] (56) n. [器械,设备] a group of parts that work together to perform a given function; appliance, or device for a particular purpose


Spelling Word: apparatus
Read [Esc] (57) v. [追加,附上] attach; add as supplement or appendix


Spelling Word: append
Read [Esc] (58) n. [用具,器具] durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use


Spelling Word: appliance
Read [Esc] (59) n. [申请人] candidate; a person who formally requests something, especially a job


Spelling Word: applicant
Read [Esc] (60) n. [评价,估价] assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth


Spelling Word: appraisal
Read [Esc] (61) a. [很大的,值得重视的] large enough to be noticed or to affect; perceptible


Spelling Word: appreciable
Read [Esc] (62) n. [学徒] works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner


Spelling Word: apprentice
Read [Esc] (63) v. [接近,近似] come near or nearer to something or someone in space, time, quality, or amount


Spelling Word: approximate
Read [Esc] (64) a. [恰当的,贴切的] likely; precisely suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand


Spelling Word: apt
Read [Esc] (65) a. [与水有关系的] consisting of, relating to, or being in the water


Spelling Word: aquatic
Read [Esc] (66) a. [反复无常,随机的] randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle


Spelling Word: arbitrary
Read [Esc] (67) a. [过时的] no longer current or applicable; antiquated


Spelling Word: archaic
Read [Esc] (68) a. [热心的,热情的] displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate


Spelling Word: ardent
Read [Esc] (69) a. [努力,奋发] demanding great effort or labor; difficult


Spelling Word: arduous
Read [Esc] (70) n. [盔甲,保护层] defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons


Spelling Word: armour
Read [Esc] (71) v. [刺激,激起,唤醒] excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep


Spelling Word: arouse
Read [Esc] (72) v. [排列,整理] set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement


Spelling Word: array
Read [Esc] (73) v. [(渐渐)上升,升高,攀登] move up or climb something; mount


Spelling Word: ascend
Read [Esc] (74) n. [攀登,上升] upward slope or grade; movement upward


Spelling Word: ascent
Read [Esc] (75) v. [确认,确证] find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of


Spelling Word: ascertain
Read [Esc] (76) v. [归因于,指派] inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality


Spelling Word: ascribe
Read [Esc] (77) n. [雄心,抱负] ambition; something that you hope to achieve


Spelling Word: aspiration
Read [Esc] (78) v. [热望,热心于] seek to attain; long for; strive toward an end


Spelling Word: aspire
Read [Esc] (79) v. [断言] declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly


Spelling Word: assert
Read [Esc] (80) a. [各式各样的,多样混合的] varied;  consisting of various types mixed together  


Spelling Word: assorted
Read [Esc] (81) v. [使惊异] affect with wonder; surprise; shock


Spelling Word: astound
Read [Esc] (82) v. [获得,完成] achieve or accomplish; gain


Spelling Word: attain
Read [Esc] (83) n. [属性,声望] essential quality; reputation; honor


Spelling Word: attribute
Read [Esc] (84) a. [听得见的] perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear


Spelling Word: audible
Read [Esc] (85) v. [增长] make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity


Spelling Word: augment
Read [Esc] (86) a. [权威,独裁] weighting authority; peremptory and dictatorial


Spelling Word: authoritative
Read [Esc] (87) v. [使自动化] replace or enhance human labor with machines


Spelling Word: automate
Read [Esc] (88) n. [自动化操作] the use of machines and computers that can operate without needing human control


Spelling Word: automation
Read [Esc] (89) n. [自治,自治权] independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination


Spelling Word: autonomy
Read [Esc] (90) a. [辅助的] helper, additional or subsidiary


Spelling Word: auxiliary
Read [Esc] (91) v. [利用,效用,促进] turn to the advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote


Spelling Word: avail
Read [Esc] (92) v. [转移,防止] prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away


Spelling Word: avert
Read [Esc] (93) n. [航空,航空学] art or science of flying; flight; aeronautics


Spelling Word: aviation
Read [Esc] (94) n. [轴,轴心] the center around which something rotates; pivot


Spelling Word: axis
Read [Esc] (95) n. [羽毛球运动] game played on a court with light long-handled rackets


Spelling Word: badminton
Read [Esc] (96) v. [挫败] frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of


Spelling Word: baffle
Read [Esc] (97) n. [竹,竹茎] plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries


Spelling Word: bamboo
Read [Esc] (98) n. [气压计,晴雨表] an instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere


Spelling Word: barometer
Read [Esc] (99) n. [屏障,障碍物] hastily put together defensive barrier; obstacle


Spelling Word: barricade
Read [Esc] (100) v. [物品交换,易货贸易] trade goods or services without the exchange of money


Spelling Word: barter
Read [Esc] (101) n. [珠子,(液体)小滴] small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood that is pierced for stringing


Spelling Word: bead
Read [Esc] (102) n. [美容师] one skilled in giving cosmetic treatments; one who does hair styling, manicures, and other beauty treatments


Spelling Word: beautician
Read [Esc] (103) a. [有用的] helpful; tending to promote physical well-being


Spelling Word: beneficial
Read [Esc] (104) n. [(船)停泊] space for the ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; the place to sleep or stay; appointment or job


Spelling Word: berth
Read [Esc] (105) v. [困扰] attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in


Spelling Word: beset
Read [Esc] (106) v. [使迷惑,使昏乱] lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes


Spelling Word: bewilder
Read [Esc] (107) n. [文献学] list of works of a specific author or publisher; list of writings relating to a given subject


Spelling Word: bibliography
Read [Esc] (108) a. [两边的,双边的] two-sided; mutual;  involving two groups or countries  


Spelling Word: bilateral
Read [Esc] (109) n. [(能说)两种语言的] using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency


Spelling Word: bilingual
Read [Esc] (110) n. [沥青] mineral pitch; black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame


Spelling Word: bitumen
Read [Esc] (111) n. [行动一致的集团,政党或国家] a group of nations, parties, or persons united for common action


Spelling Word: bloc
Read [Esc] (112) n. [污斑,污迹,污渍,(品行上的)污点] spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; a weak point or failing


Spelling Word: blot
Read [Esc] (113) n. [错误] serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion


Spelling Word: blunder
Read [Esc] (114) v. [自夸,自豪] show off oneself;  speak of with excessive pride


Spelling Word: boast
Read [Esc] (115) n. [书架] case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors


Spelling Word: bookcase
Read [Esc] (116) n. [簿记员,记帐人] one who keeps accounts; one who has charge of keeping books and accounts in an office


Spelling Word: bookkeeper
Read [Esc] (117) n. [书摊] stall where books are sold, as on the street; table with enclosed sides, for displaying books for sale


Spelling Word: bookstall
Read [Esc] (118) n. [分界线,边界] dividing line; border; frontier


Spelling Word: boundary
Read [Esc] (119) v. [抵制] refrain from buying or using


Spelling Word: boycott
Read [Esc] (120) n. [莽撞的,无礼的] characteristic of being brash; the trait of being rash and hasty; tasteless showiness


Spelling Word: brashness
Read [Esc] (121) a. [活泼的,轻快的] marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner


Spelling Word: brisk
Read [Esc] (122) v. [吃草,浏览] graze; skim or glance at casually


Spelling Word: browse
Read [Esc] (123) v. [膨胀,突出] cause to curve outward; swell up; stick out; protrude


Spelling Word: bulge
Read [Esc] (124) n. [小平房] small house or cottage usually having a single story and attic


Spelling Word: bungalow
Read [Esc] (125) a. [可漂浮的,乐观的] able to float; cheerful and optimistic


Spelling Word: buoyant
Read [Esc] (126) n. [官僚机构] over-regulated administrative system


Spelling Word: bureaucracy
Read [Esc] (127) n. [洞穴,供居住或躲藏的洞或地道] tunnel; hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; moving through by or as by digging


Spelling Word: burrow
Read [Esc] (128) v. [喧嚣,繁忙,熙熙攘攘] move or cause to move energetically and busily; teem


Spelling Word: bustle
Read [Esc] (129) n. [灾难,不幸] the event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery


Spelling Word: calamity
Read [Esc] (130) n. [钙] silvery, moderately hard metallic element


Spelling Word: calcium
Read [Esc] (131) n. [卡路里(热量单位)] unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 degree


Spelling Word: calorie
Read [Esc] (132) n. [小卖部,临时流动餐馆,军用炊具,水壶] a vessel used by soldiers for carrying water or other drinks; snack bar or small cafeteria


Spelling Word: canteen
Read [Esc] (133) n. [标题] title; chapter heading; text under illustration


Spelling Word: caption
Read [Esc] (134) n. [动物尸体] the dead body of an animal, especially one slaughtered and dressed for food


Spelling Word: carcass
Read [Esc] (135) n. [催化剂] an agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged


Spelling Word: catalyst
Read [Esc] (136) a. [腐蚀,挖苦] capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action


Spelling Word: caustic
Read [Esc] (137) n. [审查] overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content


Spelling Word: censor
Read [Esc] (138) a. [一百周年纪念] relating to a 100-year period; occurring once every 100 years


Spelling Word: centenary
Read [Esc] (139) v. [证明,证实,宣称,授与合格证书] give certain information to; assure; make certain


Spelling Word: certify
Read [Esc] (140) v. [表现的特色,刻画的性格] distinguish; be characteristic of; be a distinctive trait or mark of


Spelling Word: characterize
Read [Esc] (141) n. [深渊] deep opening in the earth surface


Spelling Word: chasm
Read [Esc] (142) a. [纯的] morally pure in thought or conduct; decent and modest


Spelling Word: chaste
Read [Esc] (143) n. [家务杂事] a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee


Spelling Word: chore
Read [Esc] (144) a. [按年代顺序排列的] arranged in order of time of occurrence


Spelling Word: chronological
Read [Esc] (145) v. [(使)循环,(使)传播] move through space, circuit, or system, returning to the starting point


Spelling Word: circulate
Read [Esc] (146) n. [圆周,周长] the boundary line of a circle,  figure, area, or object


Spelling Word: circumference
Read [Esc] (147) v. [引用,掌握] quote; adduce as an instance


Spelling Word: cite
Read [Esc] (148) n. [扣合,紧密合作] fastening device; firm grip


Spelling Word: clasp
Read [Esc] (149) v. [分类,按等级或类别组织安排] declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories


Spelling Word: classify
Read [Esc] (150) ad. [顺时针方向的(地)] in the direction that the hands of a clock move


Spelling Word: clockwise
Read [Esc] (151) n. [簇,串,群] group; bunch; group of the same or similar elements gathered or occurring closely


Spelling Word: cluster
Read [Esc] (152) a. [粗糙的] rough; harsh; of low, common, or inferior quality


Spelling Word: coarse
Read [Esc] (153) n. [男女同校教育] system of education in which both men and women attend the same institution or classes


Spelling Word: coeducation
Read [Esc] (154) a. [认知的] knowing or perceiving; part of mental functions that deals with logic


Spelling Word: cognitive
Read [Esc] (155) a. [粘在一起的] adhesive; sticking together; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner


Spelling Word: coherent
Read [Esc] (156) n. [(一)卷,线圈] a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes


Spelling Word: coil
Read [Esc] (157) v. [同时发生,相符合,相巧合] occur at the same time as; correspond


Spelling Word: coincide
Read [Esc] (158) n. [合作] act of working together; act of cooperating with an enemy, especially it occupying one's own country


Spelling Word: collaboration
Read [Esc] (159) v. [碰撞,冲突] bump; hit something violently


Spelling Word: collide
Read [Esc] (160) a. [易燃的,可燃的,易燃物] capable of igniting and burning; easily aroused or excited


Spelling Word: combustible
Read [Esc] (161) v. [纪念] serve as a memorial to; honor the memory of with a ceremony


Spelling Word: commemorate
Read [Esc] (162) v. [称赞,颂扬] commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard


Spelling Word: commend
Read [Esc] (163) n. [商品,日用品] goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit


Spelling Word: commodity
Read [Esc] (164) a. [平凡的] ordinary; having no remarkable features


Spelling Word: commonplace
Read [Esc] (165) v. [减刑,交换,折算,定期往返于两地间] obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; regularly travel from a place of residence to another place


Spelling Word: commute
Read [Esc] (166) n. [长期票通勤旅客,经常来往于两地之间的人] someone who regularly travels from home in a suburb to work in a city


Spelling Word: commuter
Read [Esc] (167) a. [相似的] similar or equivalent; being of equal regard; worthy of being ranked with


Spelling Word: comparable
Read [Esc] (168) v. [强迫,引起] force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force


Spelling Word: compel
Read [Esc] (169) v. [聚集,积累,汇集] put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources


Spelling Word: compile
Read [Esc] (170) v. [补足,完善] complete; consummate; make perfect


Spelling Word: complement
Read [Esc] (171) n. [顺从,谦让] readiness to yield; happy friendly agreement


Spelling Word: compliance
Read [Esc] (172) v. [作曲,写作,组成] write; create; make or create by putting together parts or elements


Spelling Word: compose
Read [Esc] (173) a. [拼凑成的,混合成的] made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded


Spelling Word: composite
Read [Esc] (174) v. [压缩] close; squeeze or press together; contract


Spelling Word: compress
Read [Esc] (175) v. [包括] include; consist of; be composed of


Spelling Word: comprise
Read [Esc] (176) a. [必须做的,被强制的] mandatory; obligatory; required by rule


Spelling Word: compulsory
Read [Esc] (177) v. [计算] reckon; make a mathematical calculation


Spelling Word: compute
Read [Esc] (178) a. [协调的] planned or accomplished together; combined


Spelling Word: concerted
Read [Esc] (179) a. [简要] brief and compact; expressing much in few words


Spelling Word: concise
Read [Esc] (180) v. [调制,捏造] digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition


Spelling Word: concoct
Read [Esc] (181) a. [并发的,协作的,一致的] simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time


Spelling Word: concurrent
Read [Esc] (182) v. [使浓缩,精简] change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate


Spelling Word: condense
Read [Esc] (183) n. [吊唁,哀悼] expression of sympathy with another in sorrow or grief.


Spelling Word: condolence
Read [Esc] (184) v. [授予,赠与,(专门会议)商议] bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over


Spelling Word: confer
Read [Esc] (185) n. [轮廓,结构] arrangement of parts or elements; outline


Spelling Word: configuration
Read [Esc] (186) v. [限制] restrict in movement; circumscribe


Spelling Word: confine
Read [Esc] (187) v. [符合,顺应,相配,使适合] comply with; follow; fit; meet


Spelling Word: conform
Read [Esc] (188) n. [拥挤,拥塞] act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass


Spelling Word: congestion
Read [Esc] (189) a. [全等的] possessing congruity; suitable; agreeing; corresponding


Spelling Word: congruent
Read [Esc] (190) a. [尽责的,一丝不苟的] diligent; responsible; reliable


Spelling Word: conscientious
Read [Esc] (191) a. [连续的] following one after another without interruption; sequential


Spelling Word: consecutive
Read [Esc] (192) a. [作为结果的,随之发生的] resulting; following as a logical conclusion


Spelling Word: consequent
Read [Esc] (193) n. [保存,保持] preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglect


Spelling Word: conservation
Read [Esc] (194) n. [温室,音乐或戏剧学院] greenhouse; school of music or dramatic art


Spelling Word: conservatory
Read [Esc] (195) v. [保存,保藏] retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste


Spelling Word: conserve
Read [Esc] (196) v. [托运,托人看管] give, transfer, or deliver formally, as if by signing over into the possession of another


Spelling Word: consign
Read [Esc] (197) v. [组成,构成,包括,一致,符合] be made up or composed; be comprised or contained in


Spelling Word: consist
Read [Esc] (198) v. [巩固,合并] make solid; unite or press together into a compact mass; harden or make dense and firm


Spelling Word: consolidate
Read [Esc] (199) a. [显著的,显而易见的] noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious


Spelling Word: conspicuous
Read [Esc] (200) n. [分量或部件,选举人,投票人] component or part; citizen, voter


Spelling Word: constituent
Read [Esc] (201) v. [建立(政府),组成,构成] make up; form something


Spelling Word: constitute
Read [Esc] (202) v. [强使,强逼] restrain; keep within close bounds; confine


Spelling Word: constrain
Read [Esc] (203) v. [约束,收缩] restrict; shrink; make smaller or narrower by binding or squeezing


Spelling Word: constrict
Read [Esc] (204) v. [建造,创立] form by assembling or combining parts; build; create


Spelling Word: construct
Read [Esc] (205) v. [弄脏,污染,感染] make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile


Spelling Word: contaminate
Read [Esc] (206) v. [沉思,周密思考] look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought


Spelling Word: contemplate
Read [Esc] (207) v. [竞争,争取,争论] strive in opposition; contest; dispute; struggle for


Spelling Word: contend
Read [Esc] (208) n. [争论,争辩] competing as for any profit or prize


Spelling Word: contention
Read [Esc] (209) n. [(时间或空间的)连续性,连贯性] property of a continuous and connected period of time


Spelling Word: continuity
Read [Esc] (210) v. [矛盾,抵触] confront; state the opposite of what someone has said


Spelling Word: contradict
Read [Esc] (211) n. [矛盾,反驳] the assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement; opposition, whether by argument or conduct


Spelling Word: contradiction
Read [Esc] (212) v. [计划,设计] form by an exercise of ingenuity; invent or design


Spelling Word: contrive
Read [Esc] (213) v. [召集,集合] cause to come together formally


Spelling Word: convene
Read [Esc] (214) v. [聚合,接近] approach; tend to meet; come together


Spelling Word: converge
Read [Esc] (215) v. [聊天,非正式谈话] chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts


Spelling Word: converse
Read [Esc] (216) ad. [相反地] in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.


Spelling Word: conversely
Read [Esc] (217) v. [使相互关联,使相互影响] relate; associate; bring into a mutual relation


Spelling Word: correlate
Read [Esc] (218) v. [符合,协调,通信] be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messages


Spelling Word: correspond
Read [Esc] (219) n. [通信,信件] similarity or analogy; communication by the exchange of letters


Spelling Word: correspondence
Read [Esc] (220) a. [通讯员,记者] one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical


Spelling Word: correspondent
Read [Esc] (221) a. [相应的] accompanying; analogous or equivalent in character, form, or function; comparable


Spelling Word: corresponding
Read [Esc] (222) a. [世界主义] sophisticated; of worldwide scope


Spelling Word: cosmopolitan
Read [Esc] (223) n. [舒适的,保暖的] padded or knitted covering placed especially over a teapot to keep the tea hot; cozy


Spelling Word: cosy
Read [Esc] (224) v. [使平衡] act as force or influence that balances, checks, or limits an opposite one


Spelling Word: counterbalance
Read [Esc] (225) n. [相似的人或物,配对物] duplicate copy; one that closely resembles another


Spelling Word: counterpart
Read [Esc] (226) n. [火山口,弹坑] a bowl-shaped opening at the top of a volcano


Spelling Word: crater
Read [Esc] (227) n. [折缝,皱痕] a line or long thin mark made by folding or doubling


Spelling Word: crease
Read [Esc] (228) n. [(评判的)标准,准绳,尺度] standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test


Spelling Word: criterion
Read [Esc] (229) v. [蹲伏,弯腰] bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey or in fear


Spelling Word: crouch
Read [Esc] (230) v. [达到顶点,达到顶峰] reach the highest or most decisive point;  rise to the summit


Spelling Word: culminate
Read [Esc] (231) v. [耕种,培养] improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth of


Spelling Word: cultivate
Read [Esc] (232) a. [粗笨的,累赘] heavy; difficult to handle because of weight or bulk


Spelling Word: cumbersome
Read [Esc] (233) a. [累积] increasing by successive addition


Spelling Word: cumulative
Read [Esc] (234) n. [学校的全部课程] the subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college; course or program


Spelling Word: curriculum
Read [Esc] (235) v. [减短,降低] cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part


Spelling Word: curtail
Read [Esc] (236) n. [看守人,管理人] a person who has responsibility for or looks after something; guardian


Spelling Word: custodian
Read [Esc] (237) n. [僵局] standstill resulting from the opposition of two forces or factions; stalemate


Spelling Word: deadlock
Read [Esc] (238) n. [稀缺,缺乏] scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops


Spelling Word: dearth
Read [Esc] (239) v. [分解,(使)腐烂] decay, or to cause something to decay


Spelling Word: decompose
Read [Esc] (240) v. [减少] lessen; reduce; make a quantity smaller


Spelling Word: decrease
Read [Esc] (241) a. [老化,磨损] weakened, worn out, or broken down by old age, illness, or hard use


Spelling Word: decrepit
Read [Esc] (242) v. [推论,推想,演绎] lead forth; conclude by reasoning; trace the origin or derivation of


Spelling Word: deduce
Read [Esc] (243) v. [扣除,减除] lead forth or out; take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; subtract


Spelling Word: deduct
Read [Esc] (244) v. [认为,视为] decide; judge; sentence; condemn


Spelling Word: deem
Read [Esc] (245) n. [不作为,无动于衷] failure to act; an option that is selected automatically


Spelling Word: default
Read [Esc] (246) v. [推迟,延期] delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time


Spelling Word: defer
Read [Esc] (247) n. [抵抗,不屈服] refusal to yield; readiness to contend or resist


Spelling Word: defiance
Read [Esc] (248) v. [污染,亵渎] pollute; make dirty or spotty


Spelling Word: defile
Read [Esc] (249) v. [泄出气体,放出空气] reduce from an inflated condition; release contained air or gas from


Spelling Word: deflate
Read [Esc] (250) v. [反射,偏转] turn aside; draw someone's attention away from something


Spelling Word: deflect
Read [Esc] (251) v. [诈取,诈骗,骗取] deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device


Spelling Word: defraud
Read [Esc] (252) a. [灵巧的,敏锐地] quick and skillful; neat in action or performance


Spelling Word: deft
Read [Esc] (253) v. [使降级,贬低] reduce level; lower grade of something


Spelling Word: degrade
Read [Esc] (254) a. [使人愉快的] delightful; delicious; extremely pleasing to the sense of taste


Spelling Word: delectable
Read [Esc] (255) n. [代表] a person authorized to act as a representative for another; deputy


Spelling Word: delegate
Read [Esc] (256) n. [精神错乱] a mental disorder marked by confusion


Spelling Word: delirium
Read [Esc] (257) v. [盅惑] deceive mind or judgment of; lead from truth or into error; frustrate or disappoint


Spelling Word: delude
Read [Esc] (258) n. [大洪水] great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water


Spelling Word: deluge
Read [Esc] (259) v. [破坏,摧毁] raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end to


Spelling Word: demolish
Read [Esc] (260) n. [宗派,教派] class, society, or collection of individuals called by the same name; specifically, a religious sect


Spelling Word: denomination
Read [Esc] (261) v. [指示,表示] indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically


Spelling Word: denote
Read [Esc] (262) v. [描述] represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe


Spelling Word: depict
Read [Esc] (263) v. [耗尽,减少] decrease fullness of; use up or empty out


Spelling Word: deplete
Read [Esc] (264) n. [耗尽,枯竭] act of emptying, reducing, or exhausting


Spelling Word: depletion
Read [Esc] (265) v. [悔恨] feel or express strong disapproval of; condemn; express sorrow or grief over; regret


Spelling Word: deplore
Read [Esc] (266) v. [压下,压低] lower in spirits; press down


Spelling Word: depress
Read [Esc] (267) a. [遗弃的,废弃的] left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty


Spelling Word: derelict
Read [Esc] (268) v. [得到,获取,源于] obtain or receive from a source; trace the origin or development of


Spelling Word: derive
Read [Esc] (269) v. [传下,遗传] move downward and lower; come from; be connected by a relationship of blood


Spelling Word: descend
Read [Esc] (270) v. [指定,任命] indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to


Spelling Word: designate
Read [Esc] (271) a. [荒无人烟的] unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitants


Spelling Word: desolate
Read [Esc] (272) v. [注定,指定为] intend or choose someone or something for a particular purpose or end  


Spelling Word: destine
Read [Esc] (273) v. [分开,拆开,分离,分遣] part; separate or disunite; disengage


Spelling Word: detach
Read [Esc] (274) v. [拘留,使延迟] keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay


Spelling Word: detain
Read [Esc] (275) v. [威慑,吓住] keep from; stop; prevent or discourage from acting


Spelling Word: deter
Read [Esc] (276) n. [伤害,危害] harm; damage; injury; something that causes damage, harm, or loss


Spelling Word: detriment
Read [Esc] (277) a. [有害的] causing damage or harm; injurious


Spelling Word: detrimental
Read [Esc] (278) v. [毁坏] ruin; lay waste; destroy; make desolate


Spelling Word: devastate
Read [Esc] (279) v. [背离] turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge


Spelling Word: deviate
Read [Esc] (280) v. [设计,发明] form, plan, or arrange in mind; transmit or give by will


Spelling Word: devise
Read [Esc] (281) v. [贪婪地吃,吞食] consume; eat greedily; destroy completely


Spelling Word: devour
Read [Esc] (282) v. [诊断] analyze; examine; identify the cause of something


Spelling Word: diagnose
Read [Esc] (283) n. [图表] graph; chart; figure or drawing made to illustrate a statement; plan


Spelling Word: diagram
Read [Esc] (284) n. [方言,土话] vocabulary that is for a specific group of people


Spelling Word: dialect
Read [Esc] (285) n. [直径] length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference


Spelling Word: diameter
Read [Esc] (286) v. [区分,区别,分辨] set apart; distinguish; perceive or show the difference in or between


Spelling Word: differentiate
Read [Esc] (287) v. [漫射的,散开的,罗嗦的,冗长的] spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely


Spelling Word: diffuse
Read [Esc] (288) a. [残破的,倒塌的,破旧的] in disrepair, run-down; of very poor quality or condition


Spelling Word: dilapidated
Read [Esc] (289) v. [使膨胀,使扩大] make wider or larger; cause to expand; enlarge; widen


Spelling Word: dilate
Read [Esc] (290) a. [勤勉的,勤奋的] assiduous; industrious; hard-working


Spelling Word: diligent
Read [Esc] (291) v. [稀释,淡化] weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water


Spelling Word: dilute
Read [Esc] (292) v. [减少,变小] dwindle; reduce; make smaller or less or to cause to appear so


Spelling Word: diminish
Read [Esc] (293) n. [喧闹声,嘈杂声] loud, confused, harsh noise; loud, continuous, rattling, or clanging sound


Spelling Word: din
Read [Esc] (294) a. [肮脏的,褪色的] darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored


Spelling Word: dingy
Read [Esc] (295) n. [外交家,外交官] one who is in charge to deal with others, like an ambassador, who is appointed to represent a government


Spelling Word: diplomat
Read [Esc] (296) v. [混乱,漫无秩序] throw into disorder; break the array of.


Spelling Word: disarray
Read [Esc] (297) v. [丢弃] throw out something from one's hand; get rid of


Spelling Word: discard
Read [Esc] (298) v. [看出,察觉到] detect; perceive, recognize, or understand something that is not clear


Spelling Word: discern
Read [Esc] (299) v. [揭露,揭发,泄露] unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view


Spelling Word: disclose
Read [Esc] (300) n. [冲突的,不和谐的] conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things


Spelling Word: discord