作者: P. Lava

词汇:4000雅思学术词汇表

雅思学术考试是一个被广泛接受的英语能力测验,对申请英语国家的大学和学院的考生,其成绩对录取极其重要,尤其是对一流大学。要获得高分,你必须认真努力准备考试,并花很多时间来学习雅思学术词汇。在所有英语测试中,词汇水平是衡量语言水平的关键因素,雅思考试也不例外。但对于考生,因为考试日期很快就到了,在短时间内尽量学习一些在考试中出现机会高的词汇,对多数人而论无疑是合理的选择。这意味着拿起字典准备雅思考试绝对是一个坏主意。每一个词汇都有在特定情况下的使用频率。雅思考试,尤其是学术阅读测试中,其材料的选择也有明显的趋向。这些经常或高度可能出现在雅思学术阅读中的单词被称为雅思学术词汇。当然,雅思学术单词列表不是唯一的。在互联网上搜索,你可以看到十个以上。考生可以按自己的情况选择一个词汇表,以适应自己的能力和需求。本词汇表是网站中最大的一个,是那些准备争取高分的雅思考生的可靠资源。公平地讲,4000词汇反映雅思学术考试的基本词汇水平。如果你是认真为你未来的准备考试,你应该将此词汇表作为努力的目标,虽然长,但值得花时间。此外,我们提醒你该词汇表以普通雅思词汇表为基础的,对雅思学术考生,你同样需要掌握普通雅思词汇表。


100 Sample Words:

costume   Pronounce
n. [服装] dress; attire; a set of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season
His dark eyes and swarthy skin suited the costume exactly.
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counsel   Pronounce
v. [劝告] give advice to someone; suggest
A pilot study has seen tribal chiefs agree to local community teams' training, who counsel women and have their violent husbands arrested.
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couple   Pronounce
n. [(一)对,(一)双,夫妇] a male and female associated together; a pair who associate with one another
He caught a married couple from Chicago.
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coward   Pronounce
n. [胆小的人,懦弱的人,懦夫] person who lacks courage to face danger; timid
This coward always hides and points fingers; you never see him in front of any real challenges.
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crash   Pronounce
n. [碰撞,坠毁,撞碎] smash; collision; falling down or in pieces with a loud noise of breaking parts
She heard a little shriek and a fall and a crash of broken glass.
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create   Pronounce
v. [创造,创作] make or cause to be or to become; invest with a new thing
He plans to create a new company next year.
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creep   Pronounce
v. [(身体贴近地面)爬行,匍匐而行] move slowly; move stealthily or cautiously
If it makes me grow larger, I can reach the key; and if it makes me grow smaller, I can creep under the door.
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crisis   Pronounce
n. [决定性时刻,危机,难关] dangerous situation; crucial or decisive point or situation; a turning point
After the crisis the patient either dies or gets better.
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crown   Pronounce
n. [王冠,冕,桂冠] ornamental circlet or head covering, made of gold  with jewels and worn as a symbol of sovereignty
Among the many diamonds in your crown is the way people look up to you for guidance and leadership.
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cruise   Pronounce
v. [巡航,巡弋,慢速行车] sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for the protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for pleasure
Several privateers often cruise near the entrance of the channel to search for big cargo.
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crystal   Pronounce
n. [水晶,晶体] quartz; glassware made of quartz; high-quality, clear, colorless glass
In short, the crystal is about the exterior form, not about the displays or the experience inside the building.
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culture   Pronounce
n. [文明,文化] all the knowledge and values shared by a society; foster; the raising of plants or animals
Last week, the Prime Minister apologized in Rome for his alleged remarks about Western culture's superiority over Islam, claiming his words had been taken out of context.
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cure   Pronounce
n. [治愈,治疗(疾病)] medical or hygienic care; remedial treatment of disease; removal of disease or evil
The cats proved to be a good cure for our mouse problem.
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current   Pronounce
n. [(液体,气体)流,趋势] stream; flow; up-to-date; present
The current was so swift, and then I got into the dead water and landed on the side towards the Illinois shore.
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cute   Pronounce
a. [逗人喜爱的,漂亮的] ingenious; delightfully pretty or dainty
We just remembered when our husky was a puppy; how small and cute it was.
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data   Pronounce
n. [资料,材料] collection of facts, observations, or other information related to a particular question or problem
Now that data is required from around the world; the IEA must obtain them from various sources.
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dawn   Pronounce
n. [黎明,开端,开始] time each morning at which daylight first begins; beginning; start
When I again unclosed my eyes, a loud bell was ringing; day had not yet begun to dawn, and a rush light or two burned in the room.
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deaf   Pronounce
a. [耳聋的,听不见的] unable to perceive sounds; hard of hearing; unwilling to hear or listen; regardless; not to be persuaded
He turned a deaf ear to all requests for help.
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debate   Pronounce
n. [争论,辩论] discussion; dispute; discussion involving opposing points
Robert Potts, who recently retired as chancellor at Arkansas State University, witnessed the two states' nickname debate.
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deck   Pronounce
n. [一副(纸牌)] a pack of 52 cards; any of various floor-like platforms built into a vessel
She was leaning over, with part of her upper deck above water, and you could see every little chimbly-guy clean and clear, and a chair by the big bell.
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dedicated   Pronounce
a. [热诚的,一心一意的,专用的] devoted to a cause or ideal or purpose; designed for a particular use or function
The bus rapid transit system carries a half million passengers daily in dedicated bus lanes.
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defendant   Pronounce
n. [被告] one required to make answer in an action or suit
The courtroom buzzed as the defendant was led in.
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definite   Pronounce
a. [清楚的,明确的,确切的] fixed; exact; having distinct limits
He introduced the closed circuit of oscillation into wireless telegraphy and was the first to send electric waves in definite directions.
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delicious   Pronounce
a. [美味的,可口的] extremely pleasing to the sense of taste; greatly pleasing or entertaining
Besides, many soaps and shampoos come in delicious scents that can be tempting for a child.
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denial   Pronounce
n. [否认,否定] act of refusing or disowning; negation; refusal to admit the truth; refusal to grant; rejection of a request
The government has issued a denial of an election in May.
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deny   Pronounce
v. [否认,否定] disagree with; refuse; declare untrue
What I do deny is that we have been inconsistent to our view of the Constitution.
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depression   Pronounce
n. [不景气,萧条期] recession; economic slump; concavity in a surface produced by pressing; sadness; low spirits
The researchers believe that growing up in a home where parents had difficulties with depression or alcohol was often triggered.
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description   Pronounce
n. [描述,形容,描写] act of describing; sketch or account of anything in words
They went in to the Facebook advertising page and changed the title description from 'Advertising' to 'Lying.'
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deserve   Pronounce
v. [应得] be worthy of; have a right to
The publishers say they are not cashing in, just treating the emergency services with the respect they deserve.
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desperate   Pronounce
a. [绝望的,不顾一切的,拼死的] having lost all hope; dangerous; extremely intense
Alice felt so desperate that she was ready to ask for the help of anyone.
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despite   Pronounce
n. [不管,不顾,即使] lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike; disdain, contemptuous feelings, hatred
He didn't hide him despite in the party because he believed the host cheated.
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destructive   Pronounce
a. [破坏的,毁灭性的] causing, or able to cause, damage; ruinous
Professor Paterson thinks there's merit in another plan for floating artificial marshes in the Lagoon to help break up the most destructive waves.
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device   Pronounce
n. [器械,装置] technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks
An anti-gravity device could change air travel.
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dignity   Pronounce
n. [尊严,高贵] the quality or state of being worthy of esteem or respect
They thought whatever wrongs had been done under his leadership; he had the right to retire with dignity.
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dip   Pronounce
v. [降下一点,浸渍,蘸湿] insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten
Our properties dip towards the river; we lost them forever.
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disaster   Pronounce
n. [灾难,不幸,彻底的失败] catastrophe; great harm, damage, or death, or serious difficulty
He's asked President Bush to declare the area a disaster zone to free up federal funds.
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discount   Pronounce
v. [漠视,解散] give a reduction in price on
I never discount these books; they sell like hotcakes.
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disorder   Pronounce
n. [无秩序,紊乱,骚乱] neglect of order or system; irregularity; disturbance; sickness
The room is in dreadful disorder; you have no chance to find that box.
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distract   Pronounce
v. [分心,分散注意力] cause to turn away from original focus; pull in conflicting emotional directions; unsettle
No need to distract from the center ring of this circus.
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distress   Pronounce
n. [悲痛,不幸,穷困] discomfort; cause strain, anxiety, or suffering to
Nations have been in distress from the days of Julius Caesar.
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ditch   Pronounce
n. [沟,沟渠,抛弃,摆脱,逃脱,逃避] the trench made in the earth by digging; any long, narrow receptacle for water on the surface of the earth
This village needs a deep ditch or channel to run water after a prolonged downpour.
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dock   Pronounce
v. [剪短,扣除] deprive someone of benefits; remove or shorten the tail of an animal
They will dock us of two days of our annual leave.
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dodge   Pronounce
v. [闪开,躲避] avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; a shifty or ingenious trick
Before summer, one challenge lawmakers can't dodge the budget.
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donation   Pronounce
n. [捐赠,捐款] grant; an act of giving to a fund or cause
However, viewers can watch it online or download the film for free by clicking here - a donation is highly recommended.
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dot   Pronounce
n. [点,小圆点,星罗棋布于] the shorter of two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; very small circular shape
Financial markets haven't seen anything like this since the dot com boom of the late 1990s, followed by an equally dramatic crash.
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draft   Pronounce
n. [草图,草稿] rough outline; draw up an outline; sketch
Now governments are re-writing the EU's governing treaty, and the EU's leaders in Brussels consider the draft version.
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dramatic   Pronounce
a. [戏剧性的,引人注目的] striking; sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect
The technique could lead to a dramatic increase in the worldwide stocks of blood available for transfusion.
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drown   Pronounce
v. [淹死,淹溺] kill by submerging and suffocating in water; overwhelm in water; deaden one's awareness of
Probably all know that a fish could drown if the functions of the gills fail.
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dull   Pronounce
a. [钝的,感觉或理解迟钝的] lacking responsiveness or alertness; intellectually weak or obtuse
It seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on commonly.
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dump   Pronounce
v. [倾泻,倾倒] sell at artificially low prices; throw away as refuse
Critics argue they encourage Europe's farmers to dump produce on world markets.
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edge   Pronounce
n. [边缘] brink; perimeter; margin
She stretched herself up on tiptoe and peeped over the edge of the mushroom.
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ego   Pronounce
n. [自我] self, especially as distinct from the world and other selves; exaggerated sense of self-importance
His ego is as large as the Space Shuttle; all guests dislike him.
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element   Pronounce
n. [成分,要素] a fundamental or essential constituent of a composite entity; basic assumptions or principles of a subject
There's always an element of danger in mountain climbing.
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eliminate   Pronounce
v. [排除,剔除] eradicate; abolish; rule out
So the EU's offer to eliminate the subsidy was almost universally welcomed.
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emergency   Pronounce
n. [紧急事件] sudden unforeseen crisis; condition of the urgent need for action or assistance
An air traffic manager reported to the Air Force that he had a signal from an emergency beacon.
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encounter   Pronounce
v. [遭遇,遇到] face; confront;  meet, especially unexpectedly; come upon
Even children who can swim are at risk as they often move too far away from their families and then encounter difficulties getting back to dry land.
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engagement   Pronounce
n. [婚约,约会,约定,交战] act of engaging, pledging, enlisting, occupying, or entering into the contest; state of being in gear
After their engagement was announced in the papers, friends expected a wonderful wedding shortly.
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ensure   Pronounce
v. [确定,必然发生] make sure or certain; insure; assure
For example, to ensure data security, a publicly held company will need to control who has access to financial records.
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enthusiasm   Pronounce
n. [热心,热情] great excitement for or interest in a subject or cause;  feeling of excitement
But this year, you know, again, the energy and enthusiasm are with the Republicans.
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environment   Pronounce
n. [环境] surroundings; totality of surrounding conditions
We shall never understand the natural environment until we see it as a living organism.
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episode   Pronounce
n. [一段情节,(音乐)插曲] a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
Chissano said he respected others' views in the Commonwealth and didn't think the episode should bring about the enmity between member states.
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erase   Pronounce
v. [擦掉,抹去] rub letters or characters written, engraved, or painted
The only way to erase the old file is to overwrite the file with special patterns.
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essay   Pronounce
n. [随笔,文章] composition of any particular subject, usually shorter than a formal paper
The student has to finish his essay before Sunday.
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establish   Pronounce
v. [成立,建立,安置] set up or found; build
His first novel did not establish his fame as a writer, but the second one did.
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esteem   Pronounce
v. [尊重,估价] regard with respect; favorable regard
Jill and sisters esteem Jack's taste in music, but they deplore his taste in clothes.
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eventually   Pronounce
ad. [终于] ultimately; in the final result or issue; in the end
Some believe California's move will shame other states and eventually the federal government into action on the matter.
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exclusive   Pronounce
a. [单独的,唯一的,排外的] not divided or shared with others; excluding much or all; not allowing something else
As an American, I do not believe in exclusive ethnic, racial, or tribal states.
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executive   Pronounce
n. [行政的] role of government which makes sure that laws are carried out; administrator
It was also about restoring faith in a political system that limits and divides power between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary.
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exotic   Pronounce
a. [陌生的,外来的,奇异的,异国情调] from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual
Because of his exotic headdress, he was followed in the streets by small children who laughed at his strange appearance.
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explode   Pronounce
v. [爆炸,爆发] erupt; blow up; burst violently as a result of internal pressure
Three bombs explode outside a police station in the Greek capital Athens.
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expose   Pronounce
v. [暴露,揭露,使感光] set forth; set out to public view
It will once again expose their intent to prevent an agenda that people clearly want.
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extreme   Pronounce
a. [极端的,过激的,极端] outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limit
Please take extreme measures to conserve fuel, you know, this winter will be the coldest one of recent years.
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fabulous   Pronounce
a. [难以置信的,寓言里的] related in fable; devised; invented; not real
He is a fabulous hero in that book.
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factor   Pronounce
n. [因素,变量] anything that contributes causally to a result; element; variable
The Federation warns that obesity will rapidly overtake smoking as the leading lifestyle risk factor for heart disease and strokes.
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faith   Pronounce
n. [信心,信仰,信任] loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person; complete confidence
He lost his faith but not his morality.
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fall   Pronounce
v. [落下,跌倒,降低,减少,失势,垮台] drop; sink; lose an upright position suddenly; decrease in size, extent, or range
The pilgrims fall to their knees but up to their souls.
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familiar   Pronounce
a. [熟悉的,常见的,普通的] well known or easily recognized
To pass his driver test, John tried to be familiar with those roads.
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fantastic   Pronounce
a. [奇异的] excellent; extraordinary;  strange in form, conception, or appearance
The turn of the millennium has impelled some scientists to predict a fantastic future.
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fascinating   Pronounce
a. [迷人的,醉人的] capable of arousing and holding the attention
But as matters really stood, to watch Miss Ingram's efforts at fascinating Mr. Rochester.
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fault   Pronounce
n. [(地质学)断层] crack; a crack in the earth; defect; flaw; a wrong action
Through no fault of his own, he spent a week locked up in jail.
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federal   Pronounce
a. [联邦的,联邦制的,联邦政府的] of or relating to central government; national
The new president has to face current and long-term federal deficits.
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female   Pronounce
n. [女性的,雌性的] for or composed of women or girls
One recent study in the country found at least half of female drug users had engaged in commercial sex.
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fetch   Pronounce
v. [取来,拿来] take away or remove; reduce; go or come after and bring or take back
He lets them fetch dinner from a cooking-school in the neighborhood.
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file   Pronounce
v. [档案] line; proceed in one line
The students file into the classroom.
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fist   Pronounce
n. [拳头] hand with the fingers doubled into the palm; closed hand
The fist is still there, but it wears that infamous velvet glove.
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fitting   Pronounce
n. [试穿,试样,设备,装备] small accessory to a larger system; small detachable part for a machine or apparatus; the act of trying on clothes
How much time and mess could you save if the fitting was already clean?
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flash   Pronounce
n. [闪光,闪现] emit a brief burst of light; appear briefly; a sudden intense burst of radiant energy
Dozens of people are believed to have been killed by a flash flood in a popular tourist area.
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flesh   Pronounce
n. [肉,肌肉,食用肉,果肉] the soft tissue of the body, mainly muscle and fat; surface or skin of the human body; meat of animals
I always believe that killing innocent animals and consuming their flesh is amoral.
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flip   Pronounce
v. [弹投,弹抛,翻,发疯] go mad, go crazy;  turn upside down, or throw so as to reverse; toss with a sharp movement
He will flip if he hears that he is laid off.
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flush   Pronounce
v. [奔流] flow and spread suddenly; flood
Interestingly enough, the plunging caused the toilet to flush, which is something I've never witnessed again.
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forgive   Pronounce
v. [原谅,宽恕] give wholly; cease to feel resentment against; an excuse for a fault or an offense; give up; resign
To forgive is the ultimate grace and is in the best tradition of Jesus, who taught to turn the other cheek.
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fort   Pronounce
n. [要塞,堡垒] a fortified defensive structure; permanent army post
Suddenly something flashed from the ramparts, a swirl of smoke jetted from the fort, a hellish explosion rocked the battlements.
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foster   Pronounce
v. [养育,培养,鼓励] rear; promote the growth of; help develop
Don't forget to foster our children's well-being and education.
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found   Pronounce
v. [建立,创建,出资开办] establish or set up, especially with provision for continuing existence;  melt metal and pour into a mold
This professor is trying to found a new theory on firm evidence.
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fragile   Pronounce
a. [易碎的,脆的] easy to destroy, delicate, not strong
Archaeologists are amazed that such a fragile ancient document could have survived for so long.
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freak   Pronounce
n. [怪物,奇事反常的] rare and unpredictable event; person or animal that is markedly unusual or deformed
We talked to a spokesman for the balloon company, expressed his regrets, of course, and says they're trying to determine what caused the freak fire.
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fridge   Pronounce
n. [冰箱] container in which an electric motor pumps the coolant around
Commercial fridge and freezer units were in use for almost 40 years before the common home models.
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full   Pronounce
a. [满的,吃饱的,过饱的,完全的] filled to satisfaction with food or drink; containing as much or as many as is possible or normal
Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle now had its full effect, and she grew no larger.
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fund   Pronounce
n. [资金,基金] money; capital; a reserve of money set aside for some purpose; finance; subsidize
An activist from Burundi lambasted the world's richer nations for not putting money into the global fund to fight AIDS.
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furious   Pronounce
a. [狂怒的,狂暴的] extreme anger; raging; full of activity; energetic or rapid
In a very short time, the Queen was in a furious passion and shouting 'Off with his head!' or 'Off with her head!' about once in a minute.
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4000雅思学术词汇表