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IELTS Academic Words Level 1 - 1

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abandon
abort
abortion
absurd
abuse
academic
academy
access
account
accountant
accurate
accuse
accused
acid
acknowledge
address
adjust
administration
adopt
adore
adult
affect
affection
afford
agency
agenda
aggressive
agreement
aid
air
aisle
alarm
album
alien
alliance
ally
alone
alternative
amaze
ambassador
ambulance
amount
anniversary
annual
anonymous
antique
anxiety
anyhow
apart
appeal
appetite
apply
appointment
appreciate
approach
appropriate
approval
area
argue
arrogant
article
ashamed
aside
aspirin
assault
assist
associate
assume
assure
attack
attempt
attend
attitude
attorney
attractive
auction
audience
authority
available
avoid
aware
awful
awkward
bachelor
backward
bacon
badge
baggage
bait
bake
balance
balcony
bald
ballet
band
bang
banner
bar
barbecue
bare
barely
bargain
barn
barrel
baseball
basement
battery
bay
beam
bear
bearing
beat
beaten
behalf
behave
belly
beloved
bend
benefit
bent
bet
betray
bid
bite
bitter
bizarre
blame
blank
blast
bleed
bless
block
blonde
board
boarding
bold
bolt
bond
bonus
boom
booth
border
bore
bother
bounce
bound
boutique
brand
break
breakdown
breeze
bribe
brief
briefcase
brilliant
brutal
bubble
buck
bucket
bud
budget
bug
bull
bully
bump
bunch
bush
business
bust
buzz
cabin
cabinet
cable
cafe
cafeteria
calendar
campaign
campus
cancel
candidate
capable
capacity
cape
capital
capture
carrot
carry
cart
carton
cash
cast
casual
catch
catching
catholic
cellar
cemetery
cereal
ceremony
certificate
challenge
chamber
champagne
champion
channel
chaos
chapel
chapter
charge
charity
charm
chart
chase
chat
check
cheer
cherish
chew
chief
chill
chin
chip
choir
choke
circuit
circus
civil
civilian
claim
classic
clearance
click
client
clinic
clip
closet
clue
coach
cocaine
code
coin
coincidence
column
combat
combine
comedy
comic
comment
commercial
commission
commit
commitment
committee
communicate
communication
community
company
compare
competition
competitive
complex
complicated
compliment
compromise
concentrate
concept
concern
concrete
condition
conduct
confess
confidence
confident
confidential
confirm
conflict
confront
confusion
congress
conscience
conscious
conspiracy
constant
constitution
consult
consumer
contact
contempt
content
contest
contract
contrary
convention
convict
conviction
convince
cooperate
core
corner
corporate

Word and Definition List
abandon   Pronounce
n. [没有约束,放任情绪] lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
With her parents out of town, Kelly danced all night with abandon.
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abort   Pronounce
v. [中止计划(任务)] stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
However, most women say that the decision to abort is a difficult one.
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abortion   Pronounce
n. [流产,流产儿,不足月婴儿,失败,夭折] termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
Instead of doing what many young Egyptian women in her situation do, that is, have an abortion, she went public and took the alleged father to court.
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absurd   Pronounce
a. [荒谬的,可笑的] preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
Alice thought the whole thing very absurd, but they all looked so grave that she did not dare laugh.
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abuse   Pronounce
n. [滥用,虐待] improper use or handling; misuse
The commenter said that he had stopped seven years of girl abuse in this area, thanks to Vito.
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academic   Pronounce
a. [学术的] related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to the scholarly organization; based on formal education
The dean's talk about reforming the college admissions system was only an academic discussion.
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academy   Pronounce
n. [学会,学院,高等专科学校] school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists
The mission of our academy is actually to ensure the health and well-being of all children.
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access   Pronounce
n. [接触,接近(的机会)] approach; entry; entrance
The only access to the village is by boat.
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account   Pronounce
n. [说明,解释] narrative or record of events; the reason given for a particular action or event
What is the account for this loss?
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accountant   Pronounce
n. [会计员,会计师] one who maintains and audits business accounts
Our business and finance group is looking for a dynamic accountant to join the accounting team supporting the Company's new area.
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accurate   Pronounce
a. [准确的,正确的] capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
Can anyone tell me how accurate the English translation in the posted clip is?
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accuse   Pronounce
v. [指责,归咎] blame; say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal, or unkind
He then went on to accuse the West of hypocrisy in criticizing Russia's human rights record.
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accused   Pronounce
n. [被控告的,被告] defendant or defendants in a criminal case; a person charged with an offense
The testimony expected by the accused from the witness will be regarded as having been actually taken.
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acid   Pronounce
n. [酸] sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
There is a barrage of acid comments in today's newspapers.
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acknowledge   Pronounce
v. [认可,承认] declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
Although I acknowledge that the Beatles' tunes sound pretty dated today, I still prefer them to my brothers' songs.
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address   Pronounce
v. [发表(演讲),处理,讨论] make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
Brown planned to address the issue of low-income housing in his speech.
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adjust   Pronounce
v. [调整,使适于] change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable
The opera house was handed over by the builders nearly a year ago, but it's taken many months to install new stage machinery and to adjust the acoustics.
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administration   Pronounce
n. [管理,行政管理,政府,行政机关] management; supervision; people who are in charge of management; the activity of government for powers and duties
Obviously, the key person in administration is the man in the White House.
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adopt   Pronounce
v. [采用,采纳] accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
In a late-night session, the United States, which has blocked most recent efforts to adopt resolutions on the Middle East, put forward its own proposal.
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adore   Pronounce
v. [崇拜,热爱] worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
All the girls in our school adore the handsome mathematics teacher who happens to be a bachelor.
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adult   Pronounce
n. [成年的,已成人的,成年人] one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown
It is not clear from the video if the adult is a man or woman, but he or she is facing charges of endangering a child's welfare.
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affect   Pronounce
v. [影响,假装] have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
The move is likely to affect women and girls worldwide as international brands such as Mango and Zara have signed up to the agreement.
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affection   Pronounce
n. [友爱,挚爱,情爱] fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness
I happen to think that the physical expression of love and affection is just about the best thing we humans do.
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afford   Pronounce
v. [付得起,冒险做] pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
The deal reduces the cost of certain AIDS drugs and gives developing countries the confidence to afford to treat citizens in the long-term.
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agency   Pronounce
n. [代理,代办,代理处,经销处,社,机构,作用,力量] a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
The FDA press office tells me the agency is aware of the incident and is currently investigating.
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agenda   Pronounce
n. [议程] items of business at a meeting; list or program of things to be done or considered
His agenda is certainly different from the President's and the administration's, but we will seek additional opportunities to work together with him.
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aggressive   Pronounce
a. [强有力的,坚持己见的] making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
During his tenure in Beijing, Huntsman was an aggressive advocate for human rights and pushed to expand U.S. economic ties with China.
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agreement   Pronounce
n. [一致,协议] state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character
We are in agreement with their decision.
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aid   Pronounce
n. [助手] person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
The company has also asked for an additional 3.50 billion dollars in aid from the government.
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air   Pronounce
v. [空气,空中] be broadcast on television or radio
The tidbits that will air on tonight's 6 o'clock news.
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aisle   Pronounce
n. [(教堂的)走廊,耳堂,(剧院观众席间的)狭长过道] passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; the wing of a building
I am glad that one side of the aisle is still trying to make this country work.
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alarm   Pronounce
n. [警报,警报器,警铃,闹钟,惊慌] any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger
'Come, my head is free at last!' said Alice in a tone of delight, which changed into alarm in another moment.
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album   Pronounce
n. [影集,集邮簿,慢转唱片] a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing, photographs
My album of boyhood photographs often reminds me of past happiness.
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alien   Pronounce
a. [外国的,外国人的,来自其他星球的] dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person
If you think about it, that's totally alien to what a drug company might be expected to do because if you eradicate a disease, there's no need for that drug at all.
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alliance   Pronounce
n. [结盟,同盟,联盟] state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union of interests between families, states, parties
Now sources close to Sharon and Peres say they could lead to a long-term alliance - or even a joint party.
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ally   Pronounce
n. [联盟,同盟者] confederate; partner; collaborator
The trouble is that selling arms to this particular ally regularly involves commissions - in plain language, bribes - to well-placed people.
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alone   Pronounce
a. [单独的] solitary; by oneself, not with any other people  
Alice cried with a sudden burst of tears, 'I do wish they would put their heads down! I am so very tired of being all alone here!'
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alternative   Pronounce
n. [另一可选的,另外的] one of two or more things, ideas, or courses of action that may be used; option or choice
Electron Instruments believed its desktop SEM was vastly superior to the next best alternative from a Japanese competitor.
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amaze   Pronounce
v. [使吃惊,使惊叹] astonish; affect with wonder
Archaeologists amaze that such a fragile ancient document could have survived for so long and that it was then discovered as it could so easily have been overlooked.
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ambassador   Pronounce
n. [大使,使者] authorized messenger or representative
He was appointed ambassador to the United States.
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ambulance   Pronounce
n. [救护车,野外医院] field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; a wagon for conveying the wounded to hospital
His breathing had become so labored she called an ambulance to send him to the hospital immediately.
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amount   Pronounce
n. [量,总合] total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum
The amount of money sent home by migrant workers to their families in Latin America has reached more than $62 billion.
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anniversary   Pronounce
a. [周年,周年纪念] annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place
He gave me a necklace as an anniversary gift.
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annual   Pronounce
a. [每年的] occurring or payable every year
It says that the Queen's role in the annual state opening of parliament should be changed.
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anonymous   Pronounce
a. [匿名的] having no name; having an unknown or unacknowledged name
The buyer, who wished to remain anonymous, is a foreigner with homes in Europe.
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antique   Pronounce
n. [古董,过时的] any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
The woeful ongoing situation of open archaeological sites, which antique smugglers are systematically plundering, will be another priority issue.
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anxiety   Pronounce
n. [忧虑,焦虑,不安] concern something  in a state of painful uneasiness;  state of restlessness and agitation
To wait in anxiety is perhaps the hardest thing in life; tea, tobacco, and hot baths are the possible anodynes.
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anyhow   Pronounce
ad. [无论如何,不管怎样] in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event
I couldn't think of the name of that man anyhow.
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apart   Pronounce
ad. [分开,离开,拆开,个别,单独] separately, regarding space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside
In fact, I doubt anyone knew his real name apart from the security staff.
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appeal   Pronounce
n. [吸引力] attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
Oxfam is making a big appeal for humanitarian aid to Darfur and neighboring Chad, where millions of people have been made homeless by fighting.
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appetite   Pronounce
n. [胃口,食欲] instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
China's urban young are developing a growing appetite for the cool white look of platinum jewelry.
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apply   Pronounce
v. [应用,适用] exert; put into service; avail oneself to;
You cannot apply all money to your mortgage.
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appointment   Pronounce
n. [指定,约会] act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
His appointment as Foreign Secretary has triggered speculation in London about the Prime Minister's motives for the change.
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appreciate   Pronounce
v. [感激,增值,赏识] be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
I am truly thankful for the stocks, which would appreciate in value considerably in future years.
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approach   Pronounce
n. [方法] a way of considering or doing something
Faced with an increasingly competitive jobs market, the army is becoming more sophisticated and corporate in its approach to recruitment.
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appropriate   Pronounce
v. [获得,挪用,据为己有] acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
The ranch owners appropriate the lands that have originally been set aside for the Indians' use.
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approval   Pronounce
n. [赞成,正式批准] official approbation; endorsement; an act of approving
First, Ehrlich knows it would be extremely unlikely to win approval from the Democratic-dominated General Assembly.
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area   Pronounce
n. [范围,区域,地区,面积,领域] a plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range
His special interest lies in the area of literature.
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argue   Pronounce
v. [辩论,表明,争论,争吵] invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate
The United States should, they argue, attempt to remain aloof.
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arrogant   Pronounce
a. [傲慢的,自大的,傲慢] arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
He often speaks in an arrogant tone, which doesn't encourage others to discuss with him.
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article   Pronounce
n. [论文,文章] essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class
An article in a national newspaper caused the protests.
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ashamed   Pronounce
a. [羞愧的,惭愧的,不好意思] affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt
Are you ashamed for having lied?
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aside   Pronounce
ad. [在旁边,向旁边,撇开] on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest
All joking aside, can you swim 15 miles?
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aspirin   Pronounce
n. [阿斯匹林] white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation
Plavix, along with aspirin, is widely used to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
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assault   Pronounce
n. [(武力)袭击,(口头)攻击] a violent attack; an onslaught
He's charged with interfering with the performance of a flight crew by assault or intimidation.
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assist   Pronounce
v. [援助,帮助] give help or support to, especially as a subordinate
A good way to assist is to bring entrepreneurial and business skills to them.
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associate   Pronounce
v. [关联,联合] connect or join together; combine
The public is likely to associate a word or mark with a given company.
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assume   Pronounce
v. [假定,设想] suppose; presume; take on; bear
He looked at me long and hard: I turned my eyes from him, fixed them on the fire, and tried to assume and maintain a quiet.
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assure   Pronounce
v. [确保,保证,使确信] tell someone confidently that something is true; guarantee; convince
I know it, and I don't wish to palliate them, I assure you.
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attack   Pronounce
n. [进攻,攻击,抨击,侵袭] offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment
A national newspaper received an anonymous phone call warning about the attack just minutes before the first device exploded.
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attempt   Pronounce
n. [尝试] the action of trying at something
I also want to claim that this attempt is a romantic one.
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attend   Pronounce
v. [参加,入学] be present at; go to; take care of; tend
Britain's House of Lords has been described as the best club in London, and for many of the hereditary members who rarely attend debates, that's just what it is.
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attitude   Pronounce
n. [姿势,态度,看法,意见] posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue
One of the major reasons for this change in attitude is that there's more money around.
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attorney   Pronounce
n. [代理人,辩护律师] lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy
Did this attorney mean to throw away his client's life without an effort?
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attractive   Pronounce
a. [吸引人的,有魅力的] appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
The mobile phone companies argue that reducing taxes will make legally imported phones more attractive than the cheaper smuggled models.
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auction   Pronounce
n. [拍卖] public sale of property to the highest bidder
The auction is over, and the winning bid was 1000 dollars.
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audience   Pronounce
n. [观众] a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
You should have a clear idea about who your audience is and how you can exploit your product through the correct platform.
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authority   Pronounce
n. [权力,权限,权威人士] jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government
The laws will reinforce Australia's authority to turn boats away from Australia.
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available   Pronounce
a. [自由的,有空的] convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
Vaccines are available but are costly and only offer relatively short-term protection, so the animals need regular booster vaccinations.
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avoid   Pronounce
v. [躲避,规避] shield away from; prevent
If you are the press secretary to the President of the United States, the main thing to avoid is becoming the story yourself.
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aware   Pronounce
a. [知道的,明白的] knowing; having knowledge or cognizance
As you're likely aware, BPA is a chemical commonly found in plastics, food cans, and water bottles.
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awful   Pronounce
a. [可怕的,非常坏的,使人敬畏的] causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible
He says the budget is in awful shape, and we need to take steps to fix it.
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awkward   Pronounce
a. [笨拙的,不灵活的] difficult to handle or manage
John Kerry recently spoke of his faith, but he's more awkward about it than President Bush's born again.
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bachelor   Pronounce
n. [学士(学位),单身汉] unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges
A soon-to-be-married man's friends throw him the ultimate bachelor party.
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backward   Pronounce
a. [向后的,返回的,落后的,没有自信的,羞怯的] directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped
Although he is clever, he is backward in giving his views.
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bacon   Pronounce
n. [熏猪肉,培根肉] back and sides of a pig salted and smoked
They built a fire against the side of a great log and then cooked some bacon in the frying-pan for supper.
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badge   Pronounce
n. [徽章] a distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person
He was awarded a merit badge for his bravery in the battle.
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baggage   Pronounce
n. [行李] trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one's belongings while traveling; luggage
When you fully engage in the present, there is no room for baggage from the past or fear of the future.
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bait   Pronounce
v. [欺负,玩弄,折磨] harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
The school bully will bait the smaller children, terrorizing them.
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bake   Pronounce
v. [烘,烤,烘干使硬] prepare, as food, by cooking in dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal
In some places, people still bake bricks in the sun.
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balance   Pronounce
n. [平衡] being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability
Many here see the ruling against US cotton subsidies as just the first step in tipping the balance of future world trade talks in favour of developing countries.
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balcony   Pronounce
n. [阳台,(戏院的)楼座] platform projecting from the wall of a building
He planted some flowers on the balcony that projects over the street.
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bald   Pronounce
a. [秃头的,光秃的] hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering
Although he carried, under his wig, a perfectly bald and shiny head, he had only reached middle age.
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ballet   Pronounce
n. [芭蕾舞] a sort of theatrical representation by dancers
That school strives to be an international leader in ballet training.
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band   Pronounce
n. [乐队,队] orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; ally
The band, made up of four previously unknown young actors, has provoked hysteria across Asia since starring in the Taiwanese TV series.
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bang   Pronounce
n. [发出砰的一声,重击] a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success
But there are fears that if the Egyptian side doesn't play well, the crowds will stay away, and the African Cup may go off with a whimper rather than a bang.
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banner   Pronounce
n. [旗帜,标语,横幅] flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page
The red top refers to the color of the banner at the top of the paper.
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bar   Pronounce
n. [吧,酒吧] a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
For low-paid male workers the cafeterias are a social focus: the equivalent of a bar or pub in non-Muslim countries, a place to meet friends and workmates.
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barbecue   Pronounce
n. [烤肉野餐] a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors
The authorities believe it could have been started by a barbecue that had not been put out properly and have announced that they will be questioning suspects in the morning.
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bare   Pronounce
a. [无遮蔽的,赤裸的,光(秃)的] lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing
Silent in bare feet, he swiftly crossed the cold marble floor, sliding into bed just as the door creaked open.
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barely   Pronounce
ad. [仅仅] just; only; hardly; scarcely
Only a few years ago, there were no mobile phones, landlines barely worked.
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bargain   Pronounce
n. [交易,合同交易,协议讲价,谈条件] agreement between parties concerning the sale of property
'A part of me you must become,' he answered steadily; 'otherwise, the whole bargain is void.'
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barn   Pronounce
n. [谷仓,畜棚] an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
I daresay it is only a rat scrambling along the rafters of the adjoining schoolroom: it was a barn before I had it repaired and altered, and rats generally haunt them.
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barrel   Pronounce
n. [桶] vessel; large cylindrical container
With the oil price soaring above thirty dollars a barrel and the pumps going nearly at full capacity, Gulf Arab coffers are overflowing with unforeseen wealth.
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baseball   Pronounce
n. [棒球运动] game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this game
Baseball is more popular than any other sport in Japan.
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basement   Pronounce
n. [地下室] cellar; a part of a building that is below the level of the first floor
There are so many things of India which are either lying in the basement of the Victoria and Albert Museum or in the India Office Library.
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battery   Pronounce
n. [电池,殴打] beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; a dry cell that produces an electric current
I'm hoping the battery is just dead and that a quick charge will solve everything.
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bay   Pronounce
n. [海湾] an inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; a small body of water set off from the main body
In the library, the books on history are all kept in one bay.
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beam   Pronounce
n. [光束,铁梁,木梁,一束电波] ray of light; a long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool
During a severe earthquake, each beam will absorb the shock by crumpling, thereby preventing severe damage to the tower.
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bear   Pronounce
v. [负担,支撑] support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support
They studied the ways in which the relativity theory can bear on the history of science.
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bearing   Pronounce
n. [耐心应对,分娩] carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; the act of producing or giving birth
The U.S. Mint is set to unveil a new $1 coin bearing President Abraham Lincoln's image.
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beat   Pronounce
v. [打击,敲击,打败] whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly
Speak roughly to your little boy; And beat him when he sneezes; He only does it to annoy; Because he knows it teases.
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beaten   Pronounce
a. [锻打的,被击败的,人迹罕至的] formed or made thin by hammering; totally worn-out; exhausted
Finally we saw a village located well off the beaten path.
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behalf   Pronounce
n. [代表] represent;  advantage, benefit, the interest of someone
And I'm going to work to assure that that voice that is heard on their behalf is a roar and not a whisper.
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behave   Pronounce
v. [举止,表现] perform; conduct oneself in a proper way
How we behave is up to us, ” but Nikolai believes that one's particular circumstances predetermine everything.
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belly   Pronounce
n. [腹部,腹状物] part of the human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb
His belly is like a cooking pot, Which happens when you eat a lot.
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beloved   Pronounce
a. [深爱的,钟爱的] greatly loved; dear to the heart
But if I go on until my beloved is my bride, and she has taken up my fate, and we are one, and the world knows no difference, what then?
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bend   Pronounce
v. [弯曲,倾,使倾,专心于,屈服,顺从] strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain point
Few will have the greatness to bend history itself, but each of us can work to change a small portion of events.
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benefit   Pronounce
n. [利益,好处] advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being; welfare; gain
Another benefit for business is the elimination of currency risk in the Euro area: the possibility that you might lose money in cross-border trade.
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bent   Pronounce
a. [一门心思的,先天的] determined to do or have
We are bent on going to the theater no matter how heavy the snow is.
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bet   Pronounce
n. [打赌,打赌,赌注,赌金] stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wager
I truly believe this setback; my bet is they will recover and move on, hopefully, sooner than soon.
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betray   Pronounce
v. [出卖,背叛] be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly
The two spies betray their country by selling military secrets to the enemy.
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bid   Pronounce
v. [出价,投标,(打牌时)叫牌] make an offer of; propose; offer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance
'Then you and I must bid good-bye for a little while?' 'I suppose so, sir.'
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bite   Pronounce
v. [咬,(虫)叮,(鱼)咬饵] pierce the skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp taste
Our laws must bite; that is the only language that the criminals will understand.
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bitter   Pronounce
a. [苦(味)的] harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious
He is perhaps the best-qualified person for many years to solve a long-standing and bitter dispute.
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bizarre   Pronounce
a. [怪异的] fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance
The plot of the novel was too bizarre to be believed.
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blame   Pronounce
v. [谴责,责备] condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
The doctor says that natural variability in the weather is probably to blame, but human influence can't be ruled out.
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blank   Pronounce
a. [空白的,无表情的,漠然的,无兴趣的] of white or pale color; without color; empty; void
But he stares out over my shoulder at the skyline, his expression blank, seemingly disinterested in whether I choose to go with him or not.
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blast   Pronounce
n. [爆破] explode; burst; gale; a powerful gust of wind or air
The blast is the deadliest incident since a series of ones killed three people in Bangkok on New Year's Eve in 2006.
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bleed   Pronounce
v. [流血,(指内心)悲痛,放血,取血] emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the body
All the young soldiers are ready to bleed for the country.
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bless   Pronounce
v. [祝福,颂扬] make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happy
My family and I will be praying along with Rick that God will again bless your country.
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block   Pronounce
v. [阻止,阻碍] hinder; obstruct;  indicate broadly without great detail; sketch
He failed to get enough allies to block the reform.
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blonde   Pronounce
a. [白肤金发的(女人),白肤金发女子] of a fair color; light-colored; as, blond hair; a blond complexion.
The wig this woman wore during a two-day robbery across New York earned her the name blonde bandit.
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board   Pronounce
n. [委员会,(薄而平的)木板] a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
Instruments on the board include the Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer, which will analyze the comet nucleus's chemical composition - the icy core in the comet's head.
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boarding   Pronounce
n. [供膳宿的,上飞机(或轮船)的,(由几块木板拼成的)大木板] wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay
If I had a kid like that, I'd put him in boarding school.
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bold   Pronounce
a. [勇敢的,大胆的,放肆无礼的] brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
After five months of detention without trial, the release of the bold young newspaper editor-in-chief marks a significant victory.
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bolt   Pronounce
v. [冲刺,快速移动] dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
Jack was set to bolt out the front door.
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bond   Pronounce
n. [联结,联系,粘连,化学键] link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty
Last year, the average short-term bond fund gained about 9%, according to Morningstar.
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bonus   Pronounce
n. [红利,奖金,额外津贴,意外收获] an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation
She's very dissatisfied with not getting a bonus.
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boom   Pronounce
n. [繁荣] bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish
It is a hi-tech boom town, the center for dozens of successful biotech and IT firms, and the home to an ever-expanding middle class.
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booth   Pronounce
n. [货摊,摊位,隔开的小间] house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure
There is a telephone booth near the cinema.
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border   Pronounce
n. [边,边缘,边境,国界] outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundary
This table had a cover made out of beautiful oilcloth, with a red eagle painted on it and a painted border all around.
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bore   Pronounce
v. [钻孔,令人厌烦] drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill
Three types of protein that enable the cells to bore in and out of blood vessels.
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bother   Pronounce
v. [打扰,烦扰,麻烦] annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster
But that doesn't bother me because I don't want love; I want my music.
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bounce   Pronounce
v. [跳起,弹回] jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surface
All patients bounce back to good health with that particular medicine.
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bound   Pronounce
n. [范围,限制] tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump
Supreme Court ended a term bound to affect our lives in significant ways in the months ahead.
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boutique   Pronounce
n. [精品店,时装精品屋] small shop within a large department store or supermarket
Located in historic Fabric Row, the boutique is a good place for gem buyers.
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brand   Pronounce
n. [商标,牌子,燃烧的木头,烙印] a burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way
He has his own brand of humor and always brings laugh for us.
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break   Pronounce
n. [机会,运气] opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; a sudden change
A former boxer, he got his break as an actor when he replaced Marlon Brando in the Broadway production of A Streetcar Named Desire.
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breakdown   Pronounce
n. [故障,损坏,衰弱,崩溃] process of failing to function or continue; a sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary of itemized data
His frequent depressions were the prelude to a complete mental breakdown.
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breeze   Pronounce
n. [微风] light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly
Tomorrow Night: A light, but the steady breeze from the southwest keeps temperatures warmer than tonight.
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bribe   Pronounce
n. [贿赂,贿赂] something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift to prevent judgment
It was easy to see the gift as a sort of bribe.
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brief   Pronounce
a. [短暂的,简短的,简单地说] short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise
When my brief career as a pop star ended, I found I had done fairly well.
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briefcase   Pronounce
n. [公文包] portable, often flat case with a handle, used for carrying papers or books
After each campaign stop, he returned to his car, where his black-leather briefcase is always in its place beside him.
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brilliant   Pronounce
a. [辉煌的,才气焕发的] full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone
The refreshing meal, the brilliant fire, the presence, and kindness of her beloved instructress had roused her powers among them.
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brutal   Pronounce
a. [残忍的,严酷的] like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless
In many cases, a rich businessman reached the top by trampling others in the most brutal way.
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bubble   Pronounce
n. [气泡,水泡] foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or belief
This is the most anticipated public offering since the dot-com bubble burst four years ago.
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buck   Pronounce
v. [(马)跳跃,振作精神,高兴起来] move quickly and violently; jump vertically; strive with determination
John is trying to buck for a promotion.
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bucket   Pronounce
n. [水桶,吊桶,倾泻] vessel for drawing up water from a well; a vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain
It may be a drop in the bucket, but any drop is a dangerous one when it comes to violence.
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bud   Pronounce
n. [芽,蓓蕾] one that is not yet fully developed; sprout
The first thing to be thought of is to pluck the disease in its bud, which is best done by injections.
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budget   Pronounce
n. [预算] estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose
Earlier this week, EU governments voted to bend the rules o that France and Germany wouldn't be penalized for breaking the rules on budget deficits.
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bug   Pronounce
n. [臭虫,窃听器] general name applied to various insects
It might have seemed to him a waste of ammunition to kill a bug with a battery of artillery.
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bull   Pronounce
n. [公牛,雄性大动物(如象,鲸等)] male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business conditions
We are in a medium-term bull market, a corrective move within a long-term bear market.
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bully   Pronounce
n. [欺负,威协] noisy, blustering fellow; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; insolent, tyrannical fellow
I found early in life that the best way to defeat a bully is a punch to the nose.
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bump   Pronounce
n. [肿块,突起] impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blow
Have you ever found a small lump or a bump on your body?
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bunch   Pronounce
n. [串,束,群] clump; cluster; gathering
They found the sharp new heap they sought and ensconced themselves within the protection of three great elms that grew in a bunch within a few feet of the grave.
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bush   Pronounce
n. [矮树丛,灌木] place abounding in trees or shrubs; the wild forest
When they got pretty close on to us, we dodged into the bush and let them go by and then dropped in behind them.
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business   Pronounce
n. [职业,职责,本分,事务] rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade-in which a person is engaged; commercial enterprise
I think that women doing big things in business are inspirational to others because it helps eliminate role discrimination.
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bust   Pronounce
n. [半身(雕)像,过度饮食] the occasion for excessive eating or drinking; complete failure; sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person
With major debt repayments due over in 18 months, the business could go bust.
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buzz   Pronounce
n. [嗡嗡声,发出嗡嗡声] confusion of activity and gossip; the sound of rapid vibration
Still, despite the robust growth, if you listen closely to the analysts and bankers, you can pick up a low buzz of concern over some economic areas.
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cabin   Pronounce
n. [小屋(通常为木制的),船舱] a small room on a ship or boat where people sleep
British Airways says passengers reported a slight smell of petrol in the cabin of BA flight 003 bound for New York.
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cabinet   Pronounce
n. [橱柜,政府内阁] group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small room; a closet
On Wednesday, the Indian cabinet deferred the anti-corruption legislation.
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cable   Pronounce
n. [缆索,钢丝绳,电缆] solid thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire
It provides cable television services and high-speed internet services to the community.
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cafe   Pronounce
n. [咖啡馆,小餐馆] coffee house; restaurant where coffee and liquors are served
The police came and ejected the noisy youths from the cafe room.
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cafeteria   Pronounce
n. [自助餐馆] a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier
The Medicine Hat College cafeteria offers a wide range of food services.
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calendar   Pronounce
n. [历法,日历,月历,一览表,记录表] the orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days
He didn't like the desk calendar and put it on the shelf.
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campaign   Pronounce
n. [(政治或商业性)活动,竞选活动] battle; a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
The Clinton campaign has raised more money in the first three months of this year than all nine Democratic candidates combined.
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campus   Pronounce
n. [校园] the field where the buildings of a university are situated
Usually, a campus includes libraries, lecture halls, student residential areas, and park-like settings.
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cancel   Pronounce
v. [取消] revoke; call off; omit or delete
The meeting in Addis Ababa has heard Chinese promises to cancel debts and increase Chinese investments in Africa.
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candidate   Pronounce
n. [候选人] a person who is considered for something; a person who is nominated for an office, prize, or honor
The European Union is welcoming these ten candidate countries with open arms and broad smiles.
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capable   Pronounce
a. [有能力的] having the ability required for a specific task
Canadian politicians have been capable of ending this primitive practice.
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capacity   Pronounce
n. [容量,生产量,能力] mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate
Mike had the capacity to handle several jobs at once.
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cape   Pronounce
n. [披风,斗篷,岬,海角] piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment
Out on the cape is a fine lighthouse that we admired as we came up the coast on the ship.
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capital   Pronounce
n. [首都,首府,省会,资本,资金,大写字母] wealth in the form of money or property; assets available for use; a city that is the official seat of government
It has so far received $45 billion in capital from the Treasury, and the Treasury is insuring 300 billion dollars of its assets.
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capture   Pronounce
n. [捕获,俘获,赢得,缴获品] act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem
He presently got safely beyond the reach of capture and punishment.
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carrot   Pronounce
n. [胡萝卜] the root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped and of a reddish yellow color
The dish of boiled beef and carrot tastes good.
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carry   Pronounce
v. [运送,搬运] convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bear
They carry the news by word of mouth to every settlement in a few days.
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cart   Pronounce
n. [二轮运货马(或牛)车,手推车] common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagon
The horse pulled a cart loaded with potatoes.
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carton   Pronounce
n. [纸板箱,纸板盒] pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard box
The kids drink up a whole big carton of juice after the play in the hot sun.
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cash   Pronounce
n. [现金,零钱,钱,兑现,付款] money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currency
You must pay cash there; we don't offer credit.
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cast   Pronounce
v. [分派角色,随机选择] assign the roles of; choose at random
They're going to use a television reality show to cast the three actors who will play Evo Morales in the different stages of his life.
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casual   Pronounce
a. [非正式的,随便的,漫不经心的] informal; purposeless; occurring by chance
The wildlife officer, in casual conversation, asks Hunter Joe where that deer came from.
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catch   Pronounce
v. [偶然遇到,遭遇] capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in time
A person's genetic makeup has a strong influence on the likelihood that they catch HIV.
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catching   Pronounce
a. [传染的,有魅力的,迷人的] act of seizing or taking hold of; captivating; alluring
That is the appeal in catching them; I think it is amazing to pull something massive out of muddy water that few people actually see.
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catholic   Pronounce
a. [一般的,普遍的,天主教的] broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Church
He was extremely catholic in his taste and read everything he could find in the library.
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cellar   Pronounce
n. [地下室,酒窖] room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground
The New Zealand wineries are similar to the American wineries and welcome visitors to what they call the cellar door.
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cemetery   Pronounce
n. [坟墓,公墓] place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard
A vehicle for conveying a coffin is to a church or cemetery.
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cereal   Pronounce
n. [谷类,谷类食品] grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as a food
I have a bowl of cereal every morning.
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ceremony   Pronounce
n. [典礼,仪式,礼节] a formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or custom
This afternoon, a swearing ceremony is set for a man who will replace the late Senator Ted Kennedy.
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certificate   Pronounce
n. [证书,凭证,执照] the document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course
A diploma or certificate is given on graduation from university.
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challenge   Pronounce
v. [挑战,邀请比赛,盘问,质询] assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to
Nowadays no one will challenge the fact that the earth is round.
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chamber   Pronounce
n. [室,房间] cell; compartment; room
Before being taken to the execution chamber, he acknowledged that he deserved punishment, but he said it was unfair that only he paid the ultimate price.
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champagne   Pronounce
n. [香槟酒] light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France
Why don't we crack open a bottle of champagne to celebrate?
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champion   Pronounce
v. [拥护] protect or fight for the first place
They believe he could champion the oppressed in their struggle for equality.
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channel   Pronounce
n. [海峡,沟,途径,渠道,频道] passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access
You should take her request through the official channel, and there is no private room for her issue.
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chaos   Pronounce
n. [混乱] disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass
Their job is to stop a repeat of the chaos that blighted the last election in 2002.
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chapel   Pronounce
n. [小礼拜堂] place of worship that is smaller than and subordinate to a church; service conducted in a chapel
Slightly smaller than the shrine, the chapel is also a domed structure cruciform in plan.
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chapter   Pronounce
n. [(书,文章的)章,回] division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society
A new chapter in a novel is something like a new scene in a play.
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charge   Pronounce
v. [要价,索价,要人支付,收费] set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fill; instruct or urge authoritatively; command
The barbers share the same haircut service price: they charge six dollars for boys and ten for girls.
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charity   Pronounce
n. [仁慈,施舍] activity or gift that benefits the public at large
This is potentially embarrassing for those involved in the concerts, as the rock stars use charity to disguise self-promotion.
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charm   Pronounce
n. [魔力,护身符,咒文,符咒,魅力] power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefit
Her spirit and charm is going to be a great lesson to all young women and teens
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chart   Pronounce
n. [海图,图表] graph; diagram;  map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators
A fisherman's chart may be the crucial evidence that finally helps to rest the mystery of what happened to Roald Amundsen.
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chase   Pronounce
v. [追捕] pursue to kill or take; hunt; follow as if to catch
He saw the policeman chase the mugger down the alley.
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chat   Pronounce
n. [闲谈] talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation
Inviting others into the chat is as simple as sending them a human-readable URL, and nobody has to sign up or answer an invitation email.
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check   Pronounce
v. [控制,阻止] stop motion; curb or restrain
Young man, you'd better check your temper.
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cheer   Pronounce
n. [欢呼,喝采,高兴,愉快] the lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshment
The best way to spread Christmas cheer is to sing loud for everyone to hear!
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cherish   Pronounce
v. [怀抱(希望)] harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear
One aspect of my marriage that I truly cherish is how Darrell and I work together as a team.
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chew   Pronounce
v. [咀嚼,咬碎] bite and grind with the teeth
You must chew your food well before you swallow it.
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chief   Pronounce
a. [领袖,首长,首领] highest in office or rank; principal; head
The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her flamingo.
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chill   Pronounce
a. [使冷,变冷,冷却] cool; freeze; a feeling of cold
Mists as chill as death wandered to the impulse of east winds along those purple peaks.
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chin   Pronounce
n. [颌,下巴] the central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of the face
The face is mild and weak, especially in the thin short chin and feeble mouth.
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chip   Pronounce
v. [碎片,(赌注用)筹码,油煎土豆片] cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crack
The snow stopped, and they began to chip ice from the windows.
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choir   Pronounce
n. [(教堂的)歌唱队] band or organized company of singers, especially in church service
Some people will say that being in a choir is lots of involvement because you have both rehearsals and services, which is true.
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choke   Pronounce
v. [使窒息] breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply
Children can choke on peanuts.
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circuit   Pronounce
n. [电路] electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
On rare occasions, microscopic metal particles can lead to a short circuit within the cell, causing overheating and potentially flames.
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circus   Pronounce
n. [马戏团,流动戏班,马戏] public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals
I am not an animal rights person, but training animals to perform in a circus is cruel.
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civil   Pronounce
a. [平民的,市民的,民事的,非军事的,国内的,文明的] having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
Although Internal Revenue Service agents are civil servants, they are not always courteous to suspected tax cheats.
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civilian   Pronounce
a. [平民的,民用的,,非军事的] of or relating to non-military life
The first is integrating former rebels back into civilian life.
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claim   Pronounce
n. [镇静的,沉着的] demand for something as rightful or due
They struck in support of their claim for a shorter workday.
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classic   Pronounce
n. [第一流的,模范的,著名的,典型的] work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence
His face was like a Greek face, very pure in outline: quite a straight, classic nose; quite an Athenian mouth and chin.
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clearance   Pronounce
n. [清理,清除,安全调查,结关证] act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trust
Professors who wish to work with human genetic material need clearance from their university's review board.
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click   Pronounce
v. [使发出卡嗒声,发出轻而短的声音] make a slight, sharp noise by gentle striking; tick
Students prefer to click the mouse rather than to strike the keyboard.
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client   Pronounce
n. [委托人,(律师的)当事人,顾客,主顾] someone who pays to get goods or services
Gentlemen, my plan is broken up: what this lawyer and his client say is true: I have been married, and the woman to whom I was married lives!
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clinic   Pronounce
n. [门诊所] healthcare facility for outpatient care
In one of the worst-hit villages in the Bachu area, authorities say about a thousand homes collapsed and at least one school and a clinic.
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clip   Pronounce
n. [小夹子,回形针,弹夹,选录,摘录] a small section of filmed or filed material
Phil's job at Fox Sports involved selecting the most important clip of the day's sporting highlights for later broadcast.
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closet   Pronounce
n. [壁橱,衣橱,碗橱,私室] a small room or apartment; room for privacy
Please put the coats back into the closet.
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clue   Pronounce
n. [线索,暗示] a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate nature
The main clue is a sample of blood that was found at the scene.
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coach   Pronounce
n. [教练] tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers
When the players and coach arrive back later today, they'll be greeted as national heroes in the stadium where the first modern Olympics were held.
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cocaine   Pronounce
n. [可卡因,古柯碱] drug extracted from coca leaves as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure, that can become addictive
The dog sniffed out more than $1.6 million in cocaine from a sports utility vehicle, officials said.
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code   Pronounce
n. [代码,密码,规范,法典] body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words
Do you know the postal code of this postal district?
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coin   Pronounce
v. [铸币,发明,杜撰] make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate
Slanderers coin nasty rumors.
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coincidence   Pronounce
n. [巧合] two or more things occurring at the same time by chance
Was it just a coincidence that she and John had chanced to meet at the market, or was he deliberately trying to seek her out?
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column   Pronounce
n. [柱,支柱,圆柱,柱状物,(印刷物上的)栏] pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright body or mass
This column is the latest in our series of interview articles.
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combat   Pronounce
v. [斗争,战斗,争斗] struggle as with an opposing force; fight with
The ship has to combat the wind and waves this morning.
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combine   Pronounce
v. [联合,结合] blend; fuse; merge
Re-branded as one-army recruitment, the latest drive will, for the first time, combine recruiting to both the regular and territorial army.
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comedy   Pronounce
n. [喜剧,趣事,滑稽行为] light and humorous drama with a happy ending
Anne Bancroft was also a regular in the comedy films made by her beloved second husband, Mel Brooks.
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comic   Pronounce
a. [滑稽的,好笑的,喜剧的] arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorous
And, because the comic strips take place in superhero land, there are hints of the super-human.
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comment   Pronounce
v. [注释,评论] express an opinion; remark
She refused to comment about David Beckham's eye injury.
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commercial   Pronounce
a. [商业的,贸易的] money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass market
China's economic growth has been fuelled by investment in new factories and other commercial premises, many of them producing low-cost goods.
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commission   Pronounce
n. [佣金,委员会,委任,任命] fee for services; a group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize
China has hit back, its foreign ministry urging the Congressional commission to wipe out its prejudice, respect the truth.
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commit   Pronounce
v. [犯(错误),干(坏事)] do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted
And small bands of extremists may again commit heinous crimes in the name of faith.
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commitment   Pronounce
n. [信奉,支持,许诺,承担义务] pledge, undertaking; an act of binding yourself  to a course of action
My main commitment is to promote human values; this is what I consider the key factor for a happy life at the individual level, family level, and community level.
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committee   Pronounce
n. [委员会] special group delegated to consider some matter
He was director of the central bank's monetary policy committee, which sets Brazil's interest rates.
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communicate   Pronounce
v. [传达,沟通,通信] send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly
It came to me that the best way to communicate is to have direct, personal contact with people.
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communication   Pronounce
n. [沟通,通讯] the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
They predict that mobile communication devices' vast majority of internet connections will be closer to pocket computers than portable telephones.
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community   Pronounce
n. [社区,社会] society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government
Where governments manage public life, human freedom in a community is compromised.
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company   Pronounce
n. [同伴,(陆军的)连,连队,卫队] team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprise
I slipped out of the room, unobserved by any eye - for the company were gathered in one mass about the trembling trio just returned.
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compare   Pronounce
v. [比较,对照,比喻] examine and note the similarities or differences of
We compare the copy with the original, but there was not much difference.
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competition   Pronounce
n. [竞争,竞赛] struggle; rivalry; an act of competing as for a profit prize
There she's against tough competition such as Meryl Streep, but this award will give her extra momentum towards what's undoubtedly the bigger prize in movies.
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competitive   Pronounce
a. [竞争的,有竞争力的] of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fighting disposition
Nobody can entirely keep away from this competitive world.
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complex   Pronounce
a. [复杂的,费解的,结构复杂的] complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures
Prescott's speech comes as ministers worldwide struggle to overcome complex arguments about how the Kyoto agreement on cutting greenhouse gas emissions should work.
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complicated   Pronounce
a. [费解的,棘手的,结构复杂的] difficult to analyze or understand
Legally this is a hugely complicated case, and it will take months for the judge to reach the verdict.
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compliment   Pronounce
n. [恭维,称赞] praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise
A compliment is a gift, not to be thrown away carelessly unless you want to hurt the giver.
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compromise   Pronounce
v. [危害,妥协] adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
Sometimes the presence of a neutral third party can help adversaries compromise their differences.
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concentrate   Pronounce
v. [使集中于一点,浓缩] bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body
I was now able to concentrate my attention on the group by the fire.
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concept   Pronounce
n. [概念,观念] something formed in mind; thought or notion
The local chain concept is simple: identify your customer, cater to their tastes and once successful, expand within a neighborhood.
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concern   Pronounce
n. [担心,担忧,关心,关照,有利害关系] interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety
There is no telling what might have happened, now, but luckily the concern passed out of Aunt Polly's face.
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concrete   Pronounce
n. [用混凝土修筑,浇混凝土,凝结] solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate, and gravel
The anti-nuclear campaigners used concrete blocks to attach themselves to the line; it is difficult to release them without damaging the rails.
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condition   Pronounce
n. [条件,状况,健康状况] mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstances
The Organization Man survives as a modern classic because it captures a permanent part of our social condition.
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conduct   Pronounce
v. [做(试验,研究等),引导,带领] direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide
You cannot conduct business like this.
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confess   Pronounce
v. [坦白承认] acknowledge; admit that you have done something wrong
When any vicious simpleton excites my disgust by his paltry ribaldry, I cannot flatter myself that I am better than he: I am forced to confess that he and I are on a level.
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confidence   Pronounce
n. [信心] feeling secure or certain about something
He said the aim was to restore baseball fans' confidence, but the new penalties for players who test positive for drugs fall far short of those in other sports.
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confident   Pronounce
a. [有信心的,自信的] assured; having or marked by assurance
They don't sound confident about the future of the industry.
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confidential   Pronounce
a. [机密的,秘密的,参与机密的] treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret
He has been on confidential missions to Berlin; all of us don't know his secret trip.
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confirm   Pronounce
v. [证实] support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify
In the aftermath of Saturday's mass poisoning, the authorities imposed a virtual news blackout, refusing even to confirm how many people had died.
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conflict   Pronounce
n. [争论,冲突,斗争] fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events
According to the United Nations, malnutrition rates have now been cut by half since the start of the conflict.
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confront   Pronounce
v. [面对,正视] be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with
Here in the heart of conservative Texas, young criminals, murderers and thugs are forced to confront military-style discipline, a traditional view of right and wrong.
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confusion   Pronounce
n. [混乱,混淆] a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order
My uncle got into the back of the car, scratching his head in confusion, having missed the episode completely.
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congress   Pronounce
n. [国会,议会] meeting of elected or appointed representatives
Just a day after congress granted him special powers, he has begun turning the screws on the international oil companies.
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conscience   Pronounce
n. [良心,良知] motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgment
The truth in conscience is immediately near to me, as near the seed that rests upon the wayside.
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conscious   Pronounce
a. [有意识的,神志清醒的] awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you; alert
I was conscious that a moment's mutiny had already rendered me liable to strange penalties, and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved.
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conspiracy   Pronounce
n. [阴谋] plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act
Information minister Jerry Gana released a statement in which he says there has been an international media conspiracy against Nigeria.
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constant   Pronounce
a. [不变的,持续的,一再重复的] invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent
Yemen's state news agency says the president visited the three wounded officials at the Saudi hospital and expressed happiness about their health's constant progress.
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constitution   Pronounce
n. [宪法,构造,体质,体格] law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming something
President Putin said Britain knew Russia's constitution prohibits such extradition.
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consult   Pronounce
v. [咨询,请教] seek advice or information of; take into account; consider
I will consult with our friends, but it's going to be what's in the interests of our country first and foremost.
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consumer   Pronounce
n. [消费者] people who buy goods or services
Adidas and Reebok are two of the world's best-known consumer brands, but they're in the shadow of Nike, the giant of the sportswear industry.
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contact   Pronounce
v. [使接触,联系] get in touch with; reach
But Britney, 21, says he called her at two of her homes and even tried to contact her at her parents' house.
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contempt   Pronounce
n. [轻视,鄙视] state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
The poor fools, who hold science in contempt, have no ability to realize that science proves them wrong at every turn.
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content   Pronounce
n. [内容,容量] volume; something contained; material, including text and images
The brain is hungry not for the method but for content, especially the latter, which contains powerful, precise, and explicit generalizations.
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contest   Pronounce
v. [比赛,竞争,争夺] contend for; call in question; oppose; dispute
The lawyer decided to contest the claim and tried to prove that it was false.
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contract   Pronounce
v. [收缩] constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate
The heat will contract the woolen garment.
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contrary   Pronounce
a. [相反的,对抗的] relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose
Our boat took a course contrary to theirs.
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convention   Pronounce
n. [习俗,惯例] social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states
Moreover, following this convention is our friend's normal behavior when in such a mood.
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convict   Pronounce
v. [证明有罪,宣告有罪] find or declare guilty
If the jury decided to convict him of manslaughter, he could face up to 20 years in prison.
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conviction   Pronounce
n. [定罪,深信] the judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
Even her murder conviction did not shake Peter's judgment that Harriet was innocent of the crime.
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convince   Pronounce
v. [使相信,信服,说服] overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guilty
Your argument is too weak to convince me; we need more evidence.
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cooperate   Pronounce
v. [合作] work or act together toward a common end or purpose
The best way to get Pakistan to cooperate is to find why it is so keen to retain influence in Afghanistan and try to meet its concerns.
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core   Pronounce
n. [中心,核心,地核] basic, center,  or most important part; the essence
But at the core is a story about two men who can't let go of the sense that they are dreaming their way through what might be an ultimately meaningless life.
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corner   Pronounce
n. [角,犄角,(街道等的)拐角] position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an angle
I sat by myself in the corner without speaking.
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corporate   Pronounce
a. [团体的,共同的] united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to a corporation or incorporated body
The demonstrators inspired thousands of allies to take to the streets to protest economic inequality and corporate greed.
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