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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (11)

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mackintosh
magic
magician
magistrate
magnetic
magnetism
magnificent
magnify
magnitude
maintain
maintenance
maize
majesty
major
majority
malady
malaise
malice
malicious
manifest
manifestation
manifesto
manipulate
mansion
manual
manufacture
manuscript
map
maple
marble
march
margin
marginal
marine
mariner
marked
marsh
marshal
martyr
marvel
masculine
mask
massacre
massive
mast
masterpiece
match
mate
material
materialism
mathematics
mattress
mature
maturity
maximum
meadow
measure
mechanical
mechanics
mechanism
medal
medieval
meditate
meditation
medium
meek
melancholy
melody
melon
melt
memo
memorial
memorize
memory
menace
mend
mental
mentality
mention
menu
mercantile
merchandise
merchant
mercy
mere
merge
merit
mermaid
mesh
mess
metallic
method
methodology
meticulous
metric
metropolitan
microscope
microwave
mighty
migrant
migrate
migration
milestone
military
milk
miller
millionaire
mince
mingle
miniature
minimize
minimum
minister
ministry
minor
minority
minus
minute
miracle
miraculous
miscarriage
mischief
miserable
misery
misfortune
misgiving
mishap
mislead
missile
mission
mist
moan
mobile
mobilize
mock
mode
moderate
modest
modification
modify
modulate
module
moist
moisture
molecular
molecule
momentary
momentous
monarch
monastery
monetary
monitor
monopolize
monopoly
monotonous
monotony
monster
monstrous
monument
monumental
moor
morale
morality
moreover
mortal
motel
motion
motionless
motivate
motivation
motive
motto
mould
mount
mourn
mournful
mourning
moustache
mouth
movement
muffle
muffler
multiple
multiply
multitude
municipal
murmur
muscular
muse
mushroom
mute
mutton
mutual
myriad
mysterious
myth
mythology


mackintosh: Read
n.
(雨衣,防水胶布) waterproof long coat made of rubberized cloth

magic: Read
n.
(魔法,魔力,魔术) any art that invokes supernatural powers

magician: Read
n.
(魔术师,变戏法的人) one who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience; sorcerer; wizard

magistrate: Read
n.
(地方保安官) civil officer with power to administer and enforce law

magnetic: Read
a. Syn. captivating; attractive
(磁的,有磁性的) having the properties of attracting iron or steel; captivating; attractive; being to draw or pull

magnetism: Read
n.
(磁,磁力) attraction for iron; associated with electric currents as well as magnets

magnificent: Read
a. Syn. gorgeous; lavish
(华丽的,高尚的,丰富的) grand or noble in thought or deed; outstanding of its kind

magnify: Read
v. Syn. intensify; increase; enlarge
(放大,扩大) intensify; increase; make greater in size; enlarge

magnitude: Read
n. Syn. greatness; extent
(巨大的,大数量级的) extent; greatness of rank, size, or position

maintain: Read
v. Syn. support; sustain
(保持,维持,赡养,供给) keep in any particular state or condition; keep up or carry on; continue

maintenance: Read
n. Syn. preservation
(维修,保养) preservation; support; continuance; court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another

maize: Read
n.
(玉米) tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears

majesty: Read
n. Syn. nobility
(威严,最高权威) nobility; greatness and dignity of a sovereign; royal personage

major: Read
a.
(较大的,较多的,主要的,大学主修科目) greater in number, quantity, or extent; more important

majority: Read
n.
(多数) greater number or part; a number more than half of the total

malady: Read
n. Syn. illness
(疾病) disease, disorder, or ailment; unwholesome condition

malaise: Read
n. Syn. uneasiness
(不适,欠佳) general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illness

malice: Read
n.
(恶意) enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to another

malicious: Read
a. Syn. spiteful
(恶毒的) deliberately harmful; spiteful; proceeding from extreme hatred

manifest: Read
a. Syn. evident; visible; obvious; apparent
(明白的,显然的,证明,表现) clearly apparent to understanding; obvious

manifestation: Read
n. Syn. revelation; indication
(表现,显示,表现形式,显灵:灵魂的物质形式) revelation; indication of the existence, reality, or presence of something

manifesto: Read
n. Syn. declaration
(声明) public declaration of principles; statement of policy

manipulate: Read
v. Syn. maneuver; control
(操作) operate with one's hands; control or play upon people, forces artfully

mansion: Read
n.
(大厦,公寓) dwelling-house of the better class; a large or stately residence

manual: Read
n. Syn. guide book
(手册) guide book; hand-operated

manufacture: Read
v.
(制造,用机器制造,捏造) make products by hand or machinery; make from raw materials

manuscript: Read
n.
(手稿,手抄本) written with or by the hand; not printed; literary or musical composition written with the hand

map: Read
v.
(绘制…的地图) depict as if on a map; plan or delineate, especially in detail; arrange

maple: Read
n.
(枫树) tree of the genus Acer, including about fifty species

marble: Read
n.
(大理石) hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish

march: Read
n. Syn. parade; advance
(前进,行进) walking with regular steps; a procession of people walking together; steady advance

margin: Read
n. Syn. border; rim; room
(页边的空白,(湖,池等的)边缘) border; rim; room

marginal: Read
a.
(书页空白处的,不重要的) of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the margin

marine: Read
a. Syn. maritime; naval
(海的,航海的,海产的) sea-dwelling; maritime; naval

mariner: Read
n.
(水手,海员) one whose occupation is to assist in navigating ships; seaman or sailor

marked: Read
a. Syn. noticeable
(值得注意的,报仇的目标) noticeable or pronounced; having one or more distinguishing marks

marsh: Read
n. Syn. swamp; bog
(湿地,沼泽) swamp; bog; low lying wet land with grassy vegetation

marshal: Read
v. Syn. arrange; enlist; organize
(排序,整理) put in order; arrange or place something in line

martyr: Read
n.
(殉道者,殉教者,烈士) one who makes great sacrifices or suffers to further belief or principle; one who endures great suffering

marvel: Read
n. Syn. wonder; miracle
(奇异的事物,罕见的例子,大为惊异,觉得惊奇) wonder; strong surprise; astonishment

masculine: Read
a.
(男人的,男子气概的,阳性的) of the male sex; not female; having the qualities of a man

mask: Read
v.
(面具) try to conceal something; disguise; hide under a false appearance

massacre: Read
n.
(大屠杀,大败) killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty

massive: Read
a. Syn. enormous; colossal; immense
(大而重的,庞大的,可观的) enormous; colossal; consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter

mast: Read
n.
(果实,船桅,旗杆) fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns; a pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, set upright in boat to sustain sail

masterpiece: Read
n.
(杰作,名著) chief excellence or great talent; outstanding work of art or craft

match: Read
n.
(对手,相似物,配偶,比赛,竞争) something that resembles or harmonizes with

mate: Read
n. Syn. breed
(结伴,成配偶) a fellow member of a team

material: Read
a.
(物质的,重要的) of, relating to, or composed of matter; concerned with physical, not from intellectual or spiritual

materialism: Read
n.
(唯物主义) philosophical theory that matter is the only reality

mathematics: Read
n.
(数学) science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape

mattress: Read
n.
(床垫) quilted bed; bed stuffed with hair, moss, or other suitable material, and quilted or otherwise fastened

mature: Read
v.
(深思熟虑的,成熟,(票据,保险单等)到期) develop and reach maturity; grow old or older

maturity: Read
n.
(成熟) state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development; arrival of the time fixed for payment

maximum: Read
n.
(最大量(的),最大值(的)) the largest possible quantity

meadow: Read
n.
(草地,牧草场) tract of low or level land producing grass; any field on which grass is grown for hay

measure: Read
v.
(量度,度量衡制,计量单位,量具) determine the size of something; mark, lay out, or establish dimensions; estimate by evaluation or comparison

mechanical: Read
a. Syn. automatic; monotonous
(机械的,机械性的,呆板的) automatic; monotonous; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics

mechanics: Read
n.
(机械学,力学) branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies

mechanism: Read
n. Syn. device; machine
(机械,机理,运作机制) device; machine; the technical aspects of doing something

medal: Read
n.
(奖牌,勋章) a piece of metal in form of coin, and intended to preserve remembrance of notable event or person, or to serve as a reward

medieval: Read
a.
(中世纪的) very old-fashioned; as if belonging to the Middle Ages

meditate: Read
v.
(考虑,深思,冥想,仔细计划) dwell on anything in thought; think seriously; keep the mind fixed upon; purpose; plan in the mind

meditation: Read
n. Syn. contemplation; consideration
(沉思冥想) lengthy intent consideration; long and thoughtful observation; contemplation of spiritual matters

medium: Read
n.
(媒体,媒介,方法) state that is intermediate between extremes

meek: Read
a. Syn. spiritless; gentle
(谦卑的,驯服的) quiet and obedient; showing patience and humility

melancholy: Read
a. Syn. gloomy; sad
(忧郁) gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; affected by depression

melody: Read
n. Syn. tune
(悦耳的音调) tune; pleasing succession or arrangement of sounds; poem suitable for setting to music or singing

melon: Read
n.
(甜瓜) juicy fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the muskmelon, watermelon; plant that produces the fruit juicy

melt: Read
v.
(融化,熔化,软化(人的心肠或态度)) changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by the application of heat

memo: Read
n. Syn. note; memorandum
(备忘录) short note; memorandum; written proposal or reminder

memorial: Read
n. Syn. monument
(纪念物,纪念馆,纪念议事,请愿书) monument; short note or abstract, intended for registry, exhibiting the particulars of a deed

memorize: Read
v. Syn. commemorate
(纪念) commemorate; commit to memory; learn by heart

memory: Read
n. Syn. recollection; memorial
(记忆,记忆力,回忆) faculty of mind by which it retains the knowledge of previous thoughts, impressions, or events

menace: Read
n. Syn. danger
(危险物) danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten; intimidate

mend: Read
v. Syn. repair; improve
(修补,改进) make repairs or restoration to; fix; improve

mental: Read
a.
(心理的,智力的,精神病的,精神不正常的) involving mind or intellectual process; affected by disorder of mind

mentality: Read
n.
(智力,心理状态) mental action or power; intellectual activity; intellectuality

mention: Read
v. Syn. refer; indicate
(提及,说起) speak or notice of anything, usually in a brief or cursory manner

menu: Read
n.
(菜单,选择单) an agenda of things to do

mercantile: Read
a. Syn. trading; commercial
(商业的,贸易的) trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or traders

merchandise: Read
n. Syn. goods
(商品) objects for sale; goods

merchant: Read
n.
(商人) one who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; trafficker; trader

mercy: Read
n. Syn. clemency
(宽大,宽恕,仁慈) compassionate treatment of unfortunate and helpless; willingness to spare or to help; disposition to be kind

mere: Read
a.
(可以忽视的,小湖) being nothing more than what is specified; considered apart from anything else; small; slight

merge: Read
v. Syn. combine; unite
((使)合并,(使)融合) combine; unite

merit: Read
n. Syn. virtue; value; credit
(优点,价值) virtue; admirable quality or attribute; credit

mermaid: Read
n.
(美人鱼) legendary sea creature having the head and upper body of a woman and the tail of a fish

mesh: Read
n. Syn. enclose
(网状织物,网丝,陷阱,圈套) opening or space enclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot; network or net

mess: Read
n.
(混合食物,流食,一份食物) soft semi liquid food; a quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for one meal

metallic: Read
a.
(金属的,含金属的,铿锵的) of or pertaining to metal; of metal nature; resembling metal

method: Read
n. Syn. manner; way; mode
(方法,办法,条理,秩序) orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything

methodology: Read
n.
(方法论,方法学) system of methods followed in a particular discipline

meticulous: Read
a. Syn. scrupulous; cautious
(小心翼翼的) excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details

metric: Read
n.
(测量的,计量的) standard of measurement; geometric function that describes the distances between pairs of points in a space

metropolitan: Read
a. Syn. city
(主要都市的,大城市的) city center; one who lives in a city center

microscope: Read
n.
(显微镜) magnifier of the image of small objects

microwave: Read
n.
(微波(炉)) a short electromagnetic wave; cook or heat in a microwave oven

mighty: Read
a. Syn. powerful; great
(强大的,巨大的,有势力的人) having or showing great strength or force or intensity

migrant: Read
a. Syn. wandering
(移居的,候鸟的) habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work; wandering

migrate: Read
v.
(移动,迁徙) move from one country or region to another and settle there

migration: Read
n.
(定期迁移,迁居) movement of persons from one country or locality to another

milestone: Read
n. Syn. landmark; significant development
(里程碑,划时代的事件) landmark; significant development

military: Read
a. Syn. soldiery; militia
(军事的,军用的,军队的,军人的) pertaining to soldiers, to arms, or to war; of whole body of soldiers

milk: Read
n.
(牛奶) white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young

miller: Read
n.
(磨坊主人) one who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill; milling machine

millionaire: Read
n.
(百万富翁) one whose material wealth is valued at more than a million dollars

mince: Read
v.
(切碎,小步走路) cut into very small pieces; chop fine; suppress or weaken the force of

mingle: Read
v.
((使)混合) be all mixed up or jumbled together;

miniature: Read
a. Syn. tiny
(微型的,缩小的) very small; model that represents something in a greatly reduced size

minimize: Read
v. Syn. diminish
(最小化,减到最小) diminish; belittle; make small or insignificant

minimum: Read
a.
(最小的,最低的) the smallest possible quantity

minister: Read
n. Syn. servant; subordinate
(部长,公使,外交使节) one who performs service for another; officer of justice; executive head of a government department

ministry: Read
n.
((政府的)部,部的办公楼,部长) act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a minister

minor: Read
a.
(较少的,较小的) of lesser importance or stature or rank; not of legal age; limited in size or scope

minority: Read
n.
(少数,少数民族) a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group

minus: Read
a.
(减去,零下,欠缺,负号) less; requiring to be subtracted; negative

minute: Read
a. Syn. tiny
(极小的) extremely small; short note

miracle: Read
n. Syn. marvel; wonder
(奇迹,奇事) wonderful thing; something that excites admiration or astonishment

miraculous: Read
a. Syn. astonishing; amazing
(奇迹的,不可思议的) astonishing; amazing

miscarriage: Read
n.
(流产,早产) failure of administration or management; failure to attain a desired result or reach a destination

mischief: Read
n.
(恶作剧,淘气,) behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause embarrassment

miserable: Read
a. Syn. unhappy; wretched
(痛苦的,悲惨的,可怜的) very unhappy; full of misery; wretched

misery: Read
n. Syn. calamity; misfortune
(痛苦,不幸,悲惨) great unhappiness; extreme pain of body or mind

misfortune: Read
n.
(恶运,灾祸,不幸的情况) bad fortune or ill luck; bad luck

misgiving: Read
n. Syn. doubt
feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehension

mishap: Read
n. Syn. accident; misfortune
(意外,灾难) unfortunate accident; bad luck

mislead: Read
v. Syn. deceive; misguide
(误导) deceive; misguide

missile: Read
n.
(投掷物) weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warhead

mission: Read
n.
(使命,任务,计划或执行任务) assignment that is given to a person or group; operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters; job; task

mist: Read
n.
(薄雾,模糊不清 的东西) visible watery vapor suspended in atmosphere, at or near the surface of the earth; fog; haze before the eyes that blurs the vision

moan: Read
n.
((痛苦的)呻吟,(不满的)抱怨) a low prolonged sound of grief or pain, whether articulate or not; groan softly and continuously

mobile: Read
a. Syn. movable
(移动的) movable; not fixed; fluid; unstable

mobilize: Read
v.
(集合,军事动员) assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war; make mobile or capable of movement

mock: Read
v. Syn. ridicule; mimic; disappoint
(嘲弄,嘲笑) treat with ridicule or contempt; mimic; frustrate hopes of

mode: Read
n. Syn. manner; method; style
(时尚,方式,模式) prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style

moderate: Read
a. Syn. temperate; gentle; mild
(温和的,适度的,有节制的) temperate; gentle; mild; make less fast or intense ; preside over

modest: Read
a. Syn. humble; moderate
(谦虚的,适度的) humble; less ambitious; moderate

modification: Read
n.
(修改,修饰) act of modifying, or state of being modified; modified form or condition; a change

modify: Read
v. Syn. alter; change
(修改,变更) alter; change

modulate: Read
v.
(控制,调制到标准,调制(信号)) tone down in intensity; regulate; change from one key to another

module: Read
n.
(模数,模块,(独立的)舱) standard or unit of measurement; self-contained component of a system; unit of education covering a single topic

moist: Read
a. Syn. wet; damp
(潮湿的,多雨的) slightly wet; damp or humid

moisture: Read
n.
(潮湿,湿气,湿度) wetness caused by water

molecular: Read
a.
(分子的) of molecules; relating to simple or basic structure or form

molecule: Read
n.
(分子) the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substance

momentary: Read
a.
(短暂的,瞬间的) done in a moment; continuing only a moment; lasting a very short time

momentous: Read
a. Syn. grave; serious
(非常重要的) very important; of outstanding significance or consequence

monarch: Read
n. Syn. king; ruler
(君主,帝王) king; sole and absolute ruler; sovereign, such as a king or empress

monastery: Read
n.
(男修道院,僧院) house of religious retirement, or of seclusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monks

monetary: Read
a. Syn. fiscal; pecuniary; financial
(金融的) of or relating to money; nation's currency; financial

monitor: Read
v. Syn. observe; watch; locate
(监控,监测) observe; watch; keep an eye on

monopolize: Read
v. Syn. dominate; occupy
(独占,垄断) dominate; occupy; have and control fully and exclusively

monopoly: Read
n. Syn. domination
(独占,垄断) exclusive control or possession of something; domination

monotonous: Read
a. Syn. boring; dull
(单调乏味的,无变化的) boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

monotony: Read
n.
(千篇一律的) uniformity or lack of variation; continual increase, or continual decrease; tedium as a result of repetition

monster: Read
n.
(怪物,巨兽) beast; ugly creature; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

monstrous: Read
a.
(巨大的,可怕的) marvelous; strange; extraordinary on account of ugliness, viciousness, or wickedness

monument: Read
n. Syn. statue; memorial
(纪念碑,纪念物) structure erected to commemorate persons or events; memorial

monumental: Read
a. Syn. massive
(厚重的,结实的,纪念的) massive; taking a great amount of time and effort to complete; in manner of a monument

moor: Read
n.
(黑色皮肤的人,旷野地,荒野,使(船)停泊) dark-colored person generally; broad area of open land, often high but poorly drained

morale: Read
n. Syn. confidence; spirit; mood
(士气) confidence; mood or spirit of a group that makes the members wants the group to succeed

morality: Read
n.
(道德,道义) set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conduct

moreover: Read
ad.
(而且,此外) beyond what has been said; further; besides; in addition; furthermore; also; likewise

mortal: Read
n.
(凡人,人类) man, human being; liable or subject to death; accompanying death

motel: Read
n.
(汽车游客旅馆) motor hotel; lodging rooms adjacent to a parking lot

motion: Read
n. Syn. movement; action
(运动) movement; act of changing location; ability or power to move

motionless: Read
a. Syn. still; immobile; stationary
(不动的,静止的) at rest, stationary, immobile, not moving

motivate: Read
v. Syn. prompt; stimulate; impel
(激发,刺激) stimulate; impel; provide with an incentive; move to action

motivation: Read
n. Syn. incentive; drive
(动机,刺激) incentive; psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal

motive: Read
n. Syn. intention; purpose
(动机) emotion, desire, physiological need; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior

motto: Read
n.
(座右铭,箴言) short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maxim

mould: Read
n.
(泥土) crumbling, soft, friable earth; soil

mount: Read
v.
(登,上(马或车),攀登,爬上,骑,乘) go up or advance; fix onto a backing; put up or launch

mourn: Read
v.
(哀悼,哀伤) express or to feel grief or sorrow; grieve; be sorrowful

mournful: Read
a. Syn. sorrowful; sad; gloomy
(悲痛的,悲哀的) feeling or expressing sorrow or grief; sad; gloomy

mourning: Read
n.
(悲恸,服丧) expression of deep sorrow because someone has died

moustache: Read
n.
(胡须) hair growing on the human upper lip, especially when cultivated and groomed

mouth: Read
n. Syn. entrance
(入口) opening through which an animal receives food; aperture between jaws or between lips

movement: Read
n.
(移动,转换) act of moving; change of place or posture; transference, by any means, from one situation to another

muffle: Read
n.
(使声音降低,裹,覆盖,围住) bare end of nose between nostrils

muffler: Read
n.
(消音器,围巾) heavy scarf worn around the neck for warmth; anything used in muffling; part of the exhaust pipe of a car that dampens the noise

multiple: Read
a.
(多样的,多重的) having, or consisting of more than one part; many

multiply: Read
v. Syn. proliferate; increase
(繁殖,增加) proliferate; increase; combine by multiplication

multitude: Read
n.
(大量,多数,大众,民众) a great number; many

municipal: Read
a. Syn. metropolitan; civic
(市的,市政的) metropolitan; civic; having local self-government

murmur: Read
v.
(柔声地说,喃喃而言) make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water

muscular: Read
a. Syn. brawny
(强壮的,肌肉发达的) having or suggesting great physical power; of or relating to or consisting of muscle

muse: Read
v. Syn. ponder
(沉思) be absorbed in one's thoughts; consider or say thoughtfully

mushroom: Read
v.
(膨胀,迅速生长) multiply, grow, or expand rapidly

mute: Read
a.
(沉默的,弱音器) refraining from producing speech or vocal sound; unable to speak; expressed without speech; unspoken

mutton: Read
n.
(羊肉) sheep; flesh of a sheep; loose woman; prostitute

mutual: Read
a. Syn. interactive; shared
(相互的,共有的) common to or shared by two or more parties; shared

myriad: Read
a. Syn. innumerable; many; countless; numberless
(无数,非常多) of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand

mysterious: Read
a.
(神秘的) beyond ordinary understanding

myth: Read
n. Syn. legend; fable
(神话,神话故事) legend; fable; a traditional story accepted as history

mythology: Read
n.
((总称)神话) study of myths; collection of myths