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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (7)

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gale
gallery
gallop
gamble
gang
gaol
gap
garbage
garment
gasoline
gauge
gaze
gear
gem
generalization
generalize
generate
generation
generator
generosity
generous
genius
gentle
genuine
geology
geometry
germ
gesture
giant
gigantic
giggle
ginger
glare
glassware
gleam
glide
glimpse
glisten
glitter
global
globe
gloom
gloomy
glorify
glorious
glossary
glow
glue
glut
gnaw
goal
goat
gorge
gorgeous
gossip
govern
governor
gown
grab
grace
graceful
gracious
grade
gradual
graduate
grand
granite
grant
graph
grasp
grasshopper
grateful
gratify
gratis
gratitude
grave
gravel
gravity
graze
grease
greedy
greenhouse
grief
grieve
grim
grin
grind
grip
groan
groove
grope
gross
ground
grove
growl
grudge
grumble
guarantee
guardian
guess
guilt
guilty
gulf
gulp
gust
gutter
gymnasium
gymnastics


gale: Read
n. Syn. windstorm
(大风,一阵感情的爆发) very strong wind; gust of wind; emotional outburst as laughter or tears

gallery: Read
n.
(画廊,美术馆) long usually narrow room ; covered corridor

gallop: Read
v.
((马)飞奔,疾驰) move or run rapidly or carelessly, as by a quadruped, particularly by a horse lifting alternately the fore feet and the hind feet, in successive leaps or bounds

gamble: Read
v.
(赌纸牌,赌博,投机) play or game for money or other stake; lose or squander by gaming

gang: Read
n.
(一队(工人),一群(囚犯),一帮(歹徒),一伙) group of criminals who band together for mutual protection and profit; herd of buffalo or elk

gaol: Read
n. Syn. jail
(监狱,监牢) place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment

gap: Read
n. Syn. opening; crevice
(裂口,缺口) opening through mountains; pass; conspicuous difference or imbalance

garbage: Read
n. Syn. trash; rubbish; waste
(垃圾,废物) trash; worthless or nonsensical matter; food wastes

garment: Read
n.
(衣服) any article of clothing, as coat or gown

gasoline: Read
n. Syn. petrol
(汽油) petrol; flammable liquid consisting of a mixture of refined petroleum hydrocarbons

gauge: Read
n. Syn. measure; judge
(标准量度,计量器) measuring instrument; measure; judge

gaze: Read
v.
(凝视,注视) fix the eyes in a steady and earnest look; look with eagerness or curiosity, as in admiration, astonishment

gear: Read
n.
(齿轮,传动装置,排挡) toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or direction

gem: Read
n. Syn. jewel
(宝石,珠宝) precious stone; jewel; pearl or mineral that has been cut and polished for use as an ornament

generalization: Read
n.
(概括) an idea having general application; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles

generalize: Read
v. Syn. infer; deduce
(归纳,概括) reach conclusion; become systemic and spread throughout the body

generate: Read
v. Syn. cause; produce; create
(产生,创造) bring into being; give rise to; produce

generation: Read
n.
(世代,一代人) all offspring at same stage from common ancestor; interval of time between the birth of parents and their offspring

generator: Read
n.
(发电机) one that generates, especially converts mechanical energy into electrical energy; apparatus that generates vapor

generosity: Read
n.
(慷慨,大方) noble birth; quality of being noble; noble-mindedness; liberality in giving

generous: Read
a. Syn. magnanimous
(慷慨的) more than adequate; willing to give and share unstintingly

genius: Read
n.
(天才,天赋,才华) exceptional creative ability; unusual mental ability; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field

gentle: Read
a.
(和善的,温和的,柔和的) well-born; of a good family or respectable birth; mild; meek; bland; amiable; tender

genuine: Read
a. Syn. authentic; real; true
(真正的,真实的) authentic; real; true

geology: Read
n.
(地质学) science which treats the structure and mineral constitution of the globe

geometry: Read
n.
(几何学) mathematics of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids

germ: Read
n.
(病菌,细菌,根源) bacteria; earliest form of an organism; seed

gesture: Read
n.
(手势,示意动作) motion of hands or body to emphasize or help to express a thought or feeling

giant: Read
n.
(巨人,巨大的怪物) person of extraordinary strength or powers, bodily or intellectual

gigantic: Read
a. Syn. mammoth; huge; enormous
(巨大的) exceedingly large; huge; very large or extensive

giggle: Read
v.
(格格地笑,傻笑,格格笑,傻笑) laugh with short catches of the breath or voice; laugh in light, affected, or silly manner

ginger: Read
n.
(姜,活力) plant of the genus Zingiber, of the East and West Indies

glare: Read
n. Syn. light; brightness
(眩目的光) light; brightness; fierce or angry stare

glassware: Read
n.
(玻璃制品) an article of tableware made of glass

gleam: Read
v.
(亮光,闪光,发闪光) cause to emit a flash of light

glide: Read
v. Syn. slide; slip
(滑动,滑行) slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner

glimpse: Read
n. Syn. glance
(一瞥,一看) glance; a quick look ; see briefly; a brief or incomplete view

glisten: Read
v.
(闪烁,闪耀) sparkle or shine, especially shine with a mild, subdued, and fitful luster; emit a soft, scintillating light; gleam

glitter: Read
n.
(闪闪发光,闪烁,魅力) bright, sparkling light; brilliant and showy luster; brilliancy

global: Read
a. Syn. worldwide; international
(全球性的) worldwide; international; having the shape of a globe

globe: Read
n.
(球,球状物,地球仪) body with the shape of a sphere, especially a representation of the earth in the form of a hollow ball

gloom: Read
n.
(黑暗,忧郁) partial or total darkness; thick shade; obscurity; shady, gloomy, or dark place or grove; cloudiness or heaviness of mind

gloomy: Read
a. Syn. dusky; dim
(阴暗的,没有希望的) imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded

glorify: Read
v. Syn. beautify
(美化,赞扬) cause to seem more splendid; beautify

glorious: Read
a. Syn. noble; excellent; splendid
(光荣的,美丽的,灿烂的) having or deserving glory; famous; characterized by great beauty and splendor; magnificent; wonderful

glossary: Read
n.
(词汇表) brief explanation of words, often placed at back of book

glow: Read
v.
(炽热,发红光,鲜艳夺目) shine with an intense or white heat; give forth vivid light and heat; exhibit a strong, bright color

glue: Read
v.
(胶,胶水,胶合,粘贴) be fixed as if by sticky substance; join or attach with or as if sticky substance

glut: Read
v. Syn. overstock
(充斥,过量) fill beyond capacity, especially with food; swallow greedlly

gnaw: Read
v. Syn. nibble; bite
(咬,啃) bite or chew on with the teeth

goal: Read
n. Syn. end; objective; aim
(目标) end; objective; final purpose or aim

goat: Read
n.
(山羊,色鬼) any of various ruminant mammals, of the genus Capra, related to the sheep; scapegoat

gorge: Read
v.
(过量饮食) stuff oneself; overeat; make a pig of oneself

gorgeous: Read
a. Syn. beautiful; magnificent
(华丽的,灿烂的) dazzlingly beautiful; magnificent

gossip: Read
n. Syn. rumor
(社会新闻,小道传闻) rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasions

govern: Read
v. Syn. rule; control
(统治,管理,控制) make and administer the public policy and affairs of

governor: Read
n.
(州长,总督) head of a state government

gown: Read
n.
(长袍,长外衣,法官服,制服) loose, flowing upper garment; ordinary outer dress of woman; official robe of certain professional men

grab: Read
v. Syn. grasp; snatch; capture
(攫取,抓住) take or grasp suddenly; snatch; capture

grace: Read
n. Syn. elegance
(风度) elegance and beauty of movement or expression; short prayer of thanks before a meal

graceful: Read
a. Syn. elegant
(优雅的) elegant; showing grace of movement, form, or proportion

gracious: Read
a.
(亲切的,和蔼的,慈祥的) beneficent; merciful; disposed to show kindness or favor

grade: Read
n. Syn. rank
(等级,级别,年级,成绩) step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standing

gradual: Read
a.
(逐渐的,逐步的,渐进的) proceeding by steps or degrees; advancing, step by step, as in ascent or descent or from one state to another; regularly progressive

graduate: Read
n.
((大学)毕业生,研究生) one who has received an academicals or professional degree; one who has completed the prescribed course of study

grand: Read
a. Syn. magnificent
(宏大的,雄伟的) large and impressive in size, scope, or extent

granite: Read
n.
(花岗岩) common, coarse-grained, light-colored, hard igneous rock consisting chiefly of quartz; unyielding endurance

grant: Read
v.
(准予,承认,给予,授予) allow to have; give on the basis of merit; be willing to concede

graph: Read
n. Syn. chart
(图表) chart; a drawing illustrating the relations

grasp: Read
v. Syn. seize; grip; hold
(抓住,抓紧) grip; take hold of or seize firmly with or as if with the hand

grasshopper: Read
n.
(蚱蜢,蚂蚱) terrestrial plant-eating insect; young student in initial stages of training

grateful: Read
a. Syn. thankful; appreciative
(感激的,感谢的) thankful; appreciative of benefits received

gratify: Read
v. Syn. please
(取悦) give pleasure to; satisfy; indulge; make happy

gratis: Read
a. Syn. free
(免费的) free, without charge; costing nothing

gratitude: Read
n.
(感激,感恩,谢意) state of being grateful; warm and friendly feeling toward a benefactor; thankfulness

grave: Read
n.
(坟墓,墓地) place for the burial; death or extinction

gravel: Read
n.
(碎石,砂砾) small stones, or fragments of stone; very small pebbles, often intermixed with particles of sand

gravity: Read
n. Syn. seriousness
(重力,严重,庄严,严肃) seriousness; solemn and dignified feeling; natural force between two massive bodies

graze: Read
v. Syn. feed
(吃青草) scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage

grease: Read
n.
(动物脂,油脂,油膏) oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean things

greedy: Read
a. Syn. avaricious; avid
(贪婪的) wanting to get more than one can reasonably get

greenhouse: Read
n.
(花房,温室) house in which tender plants are cultivated and sheltered from the weather

grief: Read
n.
(悲痛,悲伤,伤心事) pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadness

grieve: Read
v.
(伤心,悲痛,使人悲痛,使人伤心) cause to be sorrowful; distress

grim: Read
a.
(冷酷的,可怕的) unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding

grin: Read
n.
(露齿而笑,咧嘴笑,露齿而笑) act of withdrawing lips and showing teeth; broad smile

grind: Read
v. Syn. crush; scrape
(磨碎,碾碎) crush; scrape; reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

grip: Read
n. Syn. clutch; grasp
(紧握,紧抓) hold fast or firmly; seize as in a wrestling match

groan: Read
v.
(呻吟着说,抱怨声) give forth a low, moaning sound in breathing

groove: Read
n.
(凹线,(刻出的)线条,习惯) long narrow furrow or channel; settled routine; very pleasurable experience

grope: Read
v. Syn. fumble; probe
(摸索,探索) search blindly or uncertainly; reach about uncertainly; feel one's way

gross: Read
a.
(总的,粗野的,全部) of huge size; excessively large; coarse; rough; not fine or delicate

ground: Read
n. Syn. soil; earth
(地面,底子) solid surface of the earth; bottom; lowest part

grove: Read
n. Syn. orchard
(小树林) group of trees smaller than a forest; orchard

growl: Read
v.
((动物)咆哮,吼叫) utter a deep guttural sound, as angry dog; give forth an angry, grumbling sound; emit low guttural sound

grudge: Read
v. Syn. begrudge
(吝啬,不满) be unwilling or reluctant to give or admit; be envious; show discontent

grumble: Read
v.
(抱怨) utter or emit low dull rumbling sounds

guarantee: Read
n. Syn. assure; ensure
(保证,担保) pledge that something will happen or that something is true

guardian: Read
n.
(保护人,监护人) one who guards, preserves, or secures; one who has, or is entitled to custody of person or property

guess: Read
v.
(猜测,推测) form an opinion concerning, without knowledge or means of knowledge; judge of at random

guilt: Read
n.
(罪行,内疚) state of one who has broken a moral or political law; crime; criminality; offense against right

guilty: Read
a.
(犯罪的,有罪的,内疚的) deserving of blame; adjudged to have committed crime

gulf: Read
n.
(海湾) an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land; larger than a bay

gulp: Read
v. Syn. swallow
(吞,吞咽) swallow; utter or make a noise, as when swallowing too quickly

gust: Read
n. Syn. blast; outburst
(阵风,一阵狂风) blast; outburst

gutter: Read
n.
(水槽,街沟) channel at the eaves of a roof for conveying away the rain; eaves channel; eaves trough

gymnasium: Read
n.
(体育馆,健身房) place or building where athletic exercises are performed; a school for gymnastics

gymnastics: Read
n.
(体操,体育) sport that involves exercises intended to display strength and balance and agility