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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (10)

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jail
jam
jar
jealous
jealousy
jelly
jeopardize
jerk
jettison
jewel
jewelry
jog
journal
journalism
journalist
judgement
juice
juicy
jumble
junction
jungle
junior
jury
justice
justifiable
justification
justify
juvenile
kangaroo
keen
kernel
kerosene
keyboard
kidnap
kidney
kindle
kingdom
kneel
knit
knob
knot
label
laborer
lace
lag
lamb
lame
landing
landscape
lane
lap
lapse
largely
lark
laser
lasting
latent
lateral
latitude
launch
laundry
lawn
lay
layer
layout
leadership
leading
leaflet
league
leak
lean
leap
lease
lecture
legal
legend
legendary
legislation
legitimate
leisure
lengthen
leopard
lever
levy
liability
liable
liberal
liberate
liberty
license
lick
lift
light
likelihood
likewise
limb
limestone
limousine
limp
line
linear
linen
liner
linger
linguistics
link
liquid
liquor
list
literacy
literal
literally
literary
literate
literature
litter
livelihood
lively
liver
livestock
load
loaf
loan
lobby
lobster
locality
locate
location
lock
locomotive
locust
lodge
lodging
lofty
log
logic
logical
longevity
longitude
loom
loop
loose
loosen
lose
lottery
lounge
low
loyal
lubricate
lumber
luminous
lump
lunar
luxurious
luxury


jail: Read
n. Syn. prison
(监狱,监禁) building for confinement of persons held in lawful custody

jam: Read
v.
(挤进,塞入,夹住,陷入困境,果酱) crush or bruise; get stuck; press tightly together

jar: Read
n. Syn. pitcher; vase
(罐,广口瓶) pitcher; vase; small, cylindrical container for food, normally made of glass or clay

jealous: Read
a. Syn. zealous; solicitous; vigilant
(嫉妒的,妒忌的) resentful or bitter in rivalry; envious

jealousy: Read
n. Syn. envy; covetousness
(妒忌,羡慕) envy; jealous attitude or disposition

jelly: Read
n.
(果冻,胶状物) substance having the consistency of semi-solid foods

jeopardize: Read
v. Syn. endanger; imperil
(置于危险之中) endanger; imperil; put at risk

jerk: Read
v.
(猛然一拉) pull, or move with a sudden movement; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions

jettison: Read
v.
(投弃货物) throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceship

jewel: Read
n. Syn. gemstone; gem
(宝石) gemstone; costly ornament of precious metal or gem

jewelry: Read
n.
(珠宝) adornment made of precious metals, as a bracelet or ring or necklace

jog: Read
v. Syn. run
(慢跑) run or ride at a steady slow trot; give a push or shake to

journal: Read
n. Syn. magazine; periodical
(期刊,杂志) magazine; periodical; log; diary; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred

journalism: Read
n.
(新闻业,报章杂志) profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media

journalist: Read
n.
(新闻记者) writer for newspapers and magazines

judgement: Read
n. Syn. decision; appraisal
(判断) decision; appraisal

juice: Read
n. Syn. liquid
((水果)汁,液) liquid; liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue

juicy: Read
a. Syn. succulent
(多汁液的) full of juice; lucrative; richly interesting

jumble: Read
n. Syn. mix
(使混乱,混杂) assemble without order or sense; confused multitude of things; chaos; mess; mixture

junction: Read
n. Syn. connection; joint; intersection; crossing
(连接,汇合处) connection; joint; intersection; crossing

jungle: Read
n. Syn. jumble
(丛林) land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation; dense, confused mass

junior: Read
a.
(较年幼的,地位较低的,资历较浅的) less advanced in age than another; younger; lower in standing or in rank

jury: Read
n.
(陪审团) committee appointed to judge a case

justice: Read
n.
(正义,公平,公正) quality of being just; practical conformity to human or divine law; equity; uprightness

justifiable: Read
a.
(有理由的,无可非议的) capable of being justified, or shown to be just

justification: Read
n.
(有理,正当,辩护,释罪) good or just reason; condition or fact of being justified

justify: Read
v. Syn. vindicate; defend
(证明是正当的或有理的,辩护) adjust the spaces between words; show to be reasonable; explain, clear away

juvenile: Read
n. Syn. youth; young
(青少年(的)) youth; adolescent; not fully grown or developed

kangaroo: Read
n.
(袋鼠) animal that having large powerful hind legs and a long thick tail

keen: Read
a. Syn. acute; incisive
(敏锐的,敏捷的) acute; incisive; sharp ; express grief verbally

kernel: Read
n. Syn. nut; core
(核心的) central or vital part; most material and central part; grain or seed as of corn

kerosene: Read
n.
(煤油) flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters

keyboard: Read
n.
(键盘) device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer

kidnap: Read
v.
(绑架,绑票,诱拐(儿童)) take by force or fear, and against one's will; seize and detain unlawfully and usually for ransom

kidney: Read
n.
(肾,肾脏,腰子) glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body

kindle: Read
v. Syn. inspire
(点燃,照亮,激起) build or fuel a fire; cause to glow; light up; inspire

kingdom: Read
n. Syn. realm; domain; empire
(王国) rank, quality, state, or attributes of a king; royal authority; sovereign power; rule; dominion; monarchy

kneel: Read
v.
(跪下) bend the knee; fall or rest on the knees

knit: Read
v.
(编织,结合) contract into wrinkles; grow together; form into fabric by intertwining

knob: Read
n.
(旋钮,按钮,小圆块) hard protuberance; hard swelling or rising; bunch; lump

knot: Read
n.
((绳索等的)结,(树)节,木节,群,簇) fastening together of one or more threads, cords, ropes; lump or loop formed in thread; ornamental tie

label: Read
n.
(标签,说明性短语,标示,标明) paper affixed to anything by inscription; slip of ribbon, parchment; writing annexed by way of addition

laborer: Read
n. Syn. worker; toiler
(劳动者) worker; someone who works with their hands

lace: Read
n.
(饰带,花边) delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns; rope; cord that is drawn through eyelets

lag: Read
v. Syn. delay; drag
(落后) delay; drag; the act of slowing down or falling behind

lamb: Read
n.
(小羊,羔羊,受骗上当者) the young of the sheep; simple, unsophisticated person

lame: Read
a.
(跛的,瘸的,站不住脚的(论据等)) moving with pain or difficulty because of injury; disabled so that movement is difficult or impossible

landing: Read
n. Syn. touchdown
(着陆,降落) touchdown; act of coming down to the earth

landscape: Read
n. Syn. scenery
(风景,山水,风景画) scenery; expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view

lane: Read
n.
(小路,小巷,航线,车道) passageway between fences which is not traveled as a highroad; narrow country road

lap: Read
v.
(舔食) take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently

lapse: Read
n.
(失误,(时间等)流逝) gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; unobserved or imperceptible progress; slip or error; failing in duty

largely: Read
ad. Syn. mainly
(大量地,大半地) in a large manner; for the most part; mainly

lark: Read
v.
(云雀,玩笑,嬉耍) any of various small, singing passerine birds of the family Alaudidae; one who wakes early; one who is up with the larks

laser: Read
n.
(激光) optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light

lasting: Read
a. Syn. enduring; durable
(持久的,永恒的,耐力的) continuing or remaining for a long time; enduring; durable

latent: Read
a. Syn. dormant; hidden
(潜在的) present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden

lateral: Read
a. Syn. parallel; side
(侧面的,侧向的) coming from side; situated at or extending to the side

latitude: Read
n.
(范围) freedom from normal restraints; angular distance north or south of the earth's equator

launch: Read
v. Syn. begin; originate; initiate
(发动) begin; originate; initiate; send off; take off

laundry: Read
n. Syn. washing
(洗衣店,要洗的衣服) washing; workplace where clothes are washed and ironed

lawn: Read
n. Syn. landscape; grassland; meadow
(草地,草坪,草场) landscape; grassland, usually tended or mowed; meadow

lay: Read
v. Syn. deposit
(产卵,下蛋) put into a certain place; cause to lie down; spread over a surface

layer: Read
n. Syn. tier; stratum
(层,层次,阶层) tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under another

layout: Read
n.
(规划,(书刊等)编排,版面,配线,企划) overall design of a page; plan or design of something that is laid out

leadership: Read
n. Syn. guidance; direction; authority
(领导能力,领导阶层) guidance; direction; authority; position or office of a leader

leading: Read
a. Syn. main; principal
(最主要的) chief; principal; having a position in the lead; foremost

leaflet: Read
n.
(传单) small leaf; leaf like organ or part

league: Read
n. Syn. association; union
(同盟,联盟,联合会) association; union

leak: Read
v. Syn. seep; ooze
(漏,渗) escape fluid from container through a hole or crack; tell anonymously; reveal

lean: Read
v.
(倾斜,斜靠瘦骨嶙峋的) bend or slant away from the vertical; rely for assistance or support

leap: Read
n. Syn. jump; hop
(跳跃) jump; hop; place jumped over or from

lease: Read
n. Syn. rent; charter
(租约) rent; charter; engage for service under a term of contract

lecture: Read
n.
(讲演,讲课,教训,训斥) teaching by giving a discourse on some subject; speech that is open to the public

legal: Read
a.
(合法的,法律的) created by, permitted by law; according to the law of works

legend: Read
n.
(图例) explanatory list of symbols on a map; unverified story handed down from earlier times

legendary: Read
a. Syn. mythical; fabled
(传奇的) mythical; fabled; extremely well known; famous or renowned

legislation: Read
n. Syn. lawmaking
(立法) lawmaking; the act of making or enacting laws ; law enacted by a legislative body

legitimate: Read
a.
(合法的,正当的) accordant with law; lawful; based on logical reasoning; reasonable

leisure: Read
n. Syn. convenience; vacancy
(空闲,闲暇) convenience; vacancy; freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyable activity

lengthen: Read
v. Syn. extend; elongate
(延长,使变长) extend; make or become longer

leopard: Read
n.
(豹,美洲豹) large feline of African and Asian forests usually having a tawny coat with black spots

lever: Read
n.
(杠杆,起杠杆作用的部件) simple machine consisting of a rigid bar pivoted on a fixed point and used to transmit force

levy: Read
v. Syn. impose; collect
(征收) impose fine or tax; collect payment

liability: Read
n.
(责任,缺点,债) something that holds one back; state of being legally obliged and responsible

liable: Read
v. Syn. responsible; answerable
(易于,有(还债)责任的) bound or obliged in law or equity

liberal: Read
a. Syn. tolerant
(开放的,主张变革的,自由主义的) open-minded; tolerant; broad-mindedness; having political views favoring reform and progress

liberate: Read
v. Syn. free; discharge; release
(释放,使自由) set free, as from oppression, confinement, or foreign control; discharge; release

liberty: Read
n. Syn. freedom
(自由) state of free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another; freedom

license: Read
n. Syn. permission
(自由,放肆) official or legal permission to do or own a specified thing

lick: Read
v.
(舔,掠过,拍打) draw or pass the tongue over; pass or lap quickly and rapidly; beat thoroughly in a competition or fight

lift: Read
v. Syn. hoist; elevate
(举起,升高) direct or carry from a lower to a higher position; raise; transport by air

light: Read
n.
(情况,方面,见解) brightness; something that admits illumination; source of fire; particular aspect of a situation

likelihood: Read
n.
(可能性) possibility, strong probability; state of being probable

likewise: Read
ad. Syn. similarly
(同样地,也) similarly; as well; too

limb: Read
n. Syn. arm; leg
(肢,翼,树枝) arm; leg; any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree

limestone: Read
n.
(石灰石) rock consisting chiefly of calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime

limousine: Read
n.
(轿车,小客车) any of various large passenger vehicles, especially a luxurious automobile; van or small bus on regular route

limp: Read
v.
(跛行 无力的,松软的) walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg; move or proceed haltingly or unsteadily

line: Read
n.
(绳,线,线条,画线,排成行) thin continuous mark, as that made by a pen, pencil, or brush applied to a surface; border or boundary

linear: Read
a.
(线的,成直线的) having form of a line; straight; consisting of lines; lineal

linen: Read
n.
(亚麻布,亚麻制品) fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant; thread made from fibers of the flax plant

liner: Read
n.
(大客轮,邮轮) vessel belonging to a regular line of packets, as ship or plane

linger: Read
v. Syn. dawdle
(逗留,闲逛,流连) be slow in leaving; continue or persist; stay

linguistics: Read
n.
(语言学) humanistic study of language and literature

link: Read
v.
(连接物,链环,会合) be or become joined or united; connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces

liquid: Read
n. Syn. fluid; juice
(液体,流体) fluid; juice; substance in fluid state

liquor: Read
n.
(酒精饮料) any liquid, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice; alcoholic or spirituous fluid

list: Read
v. Syn. tilt
(倾斜) lean or cause to lean to the side; lean over; itemize

literacy: Read
n.
(有读写能力,识字) reading and writing; ability to read and write

literal: Read
a.
(精确的,忠实原义的) according to the letter or verbal expression; exactly as stated

literally: Read
ad.
(照字面意义地,逐字地) with meaning; word for word; letter by letter

literary: Read
a.
(文学(上)的,从事写作的) knowledgeable about literature; of or relating to or characteristic of literature

literate: Read
a. Syn. educated; schooled
(有文化的,有阅读和写作能力的) educated; schooled; one who can read and write

literature: Read
n.
(文学作品,印刷品) imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value; art or occupation of a literary writer

litter: Read
v.
(乱丢) make untidy by discarding rubbish carelessly; scatter about

livelihood: Read
n. Syn. subsistence; sustenance
(生计,谋生) subsistence; financial means whereby one lives

lively: Read
a. Syn. busy; energetic; vigorous
(活泼的,活跃的,栩栩如生的) busy; energetic; vigorous

liver: Read
n.
(肝脏) large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in upper right chest

livestock: Read
n.
(家畜,牲畜) any animals kept for use or profit

load: Read
n. Syn. burden; duty
(重担,重任) burden; something which is laid on or put in anything for conveyance; quantity which can be carried or drawn in some specified way

loaf: Read
n.
(一条(面包)) any thick lump, mass, or cake, especially, a large regularly shaped or molded mass, as of bread

loan: Read
n.
(贷款,借出,借给,借贷) give temporarily; temporary provision of money

lobby: Read
n. Syn. hall; room
(大厅,休息厅) a group of people who try to influence legislation; hall; room; a large entrance or reception room or area

lobster: Read
n.
(龙虾) any large macrurous crustacean used as food

locality: Read
n. Syn. place; district
(位置,地方) place; district; surrounding or nearby region; particular neighborhood

locate: Read
v. Syn. find; monitor; settle
(找出,定位,设置) find; monitor; settle; determine or specify the position or limits o

location: Read
n. Syn. scene; site; spot
(位置,场所) scene; site; place where something is or could be located

lock: Read
n.
(一绺卷发) strand or cluster of hair; fastening together; a closing of one thing upon another; device operated by a key

locomotive: Read
n.
(火车头) of or relating to locomotion; a wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled engine

locust: Read
n.
(蝗虫,贪吃的人) any one of numerous species of long-winged, migratory insects, of the family Acrididae

lodge: Read
n.
(门房,(猎人住的)山林小屋) small house on the grounds of an estate or a park, used by a caretaker or gatekeeper

lodging: Read
n. Syn. accommodation
(寄宿,住房(常指出租的房间)) accommodation; lodging

lofty: Read
a.
(高高在上的) high, tall, having great height; idealistic, implying over-optimism

log: Read
n. Syn. wood
(日志,圆木) record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activities

logic: Read
n.
(逻辑,逻辑学) reasoned and reasonable judgment; a system of reasoning

logical: Read
a. Syn. coherent; reasonable
(合乎逻辑的,合理的) reasonable; based on known statements or events or conditions

longevity: Read
n.
(长命不老) long life; great duration of life; long duration or continuance, as in an occupation

longitude: Read
n.
(经度,经线) an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles

loom: Read
v. Syn. appear; emerge
(朦胧而庞大,织布机) appear or take shape, usually in enlarged or distorted form

loop: Read
v. Syn. circle; ring
(圈成环,缠绕) circle; ring; move in loops; make a loop in; join with a loop

loose: Read
a. Syn. unstable; weak
(宽松的,不牢固的) unbound; untied; not attached, fastened, fixed, or confined

loosen: Read
v.
(解开,放松) make loose or looser; make less severe or strict

lose: Read
v.
(丢失,失败,减少,丧失) fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have; be deprived of; fail to win

lottery: Read
n.
(彩票,抽彩) scheme for distribution of prizes by chance; gaming in which tickets bearing particular numbers draw prizes

lounge: Read
n.
(懒散地斜靠,休息室) public room with seating where people can wait; living room; lobby

low: Read
v. Syn. moo
(牛叫,哞) utter sound made by cattle; make a low noise

loyal: Read
a.
(忠诚的,忠实的) steadfast in allegiance or duty; faithful to a person, ideal, custom, cause, or duty

lubricate: Read
v.
(加润滑剂,使润滑) make smooth or slippery

lumber: Read
v.
(笨重的往前走) move heavily or clumsily; cut down timber of

luminous: Read
a. Syn. shining
(发光的,闪耀的) shining; emitting light, especially emitting self-generated light

lump: Read
n.
(一块,肿块,形成块状) a small mass of matter of irregular shape; irregular or shapeless mass; small cube of sugar

lunar: Read
a.
(月亮的) pertaining to the moon; affecting the moon

luxurious: Read
a. Syn. sumptuous; lavish
(奢侈的,豪华的) rich and superior in quality; lavish

luxury: Read
n. Syn. opulence; extravagance
(奢侈,豪华) something that is an indulgence rather than necessity; excessively expensive