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TOEFL Vocabulary Level 5 - 1: Print One-sided Flashcard

abate:
v. subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
abduct:
v. carry off by force; kidnap
abhor:
v. fill with horror and loathing; horrify; hate
abject:
a. being of the most miserable kind; wretched; lacking pride; brought low in condition or status
abominable:
a. detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad
abstain:
v. refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
abstruse:
a. obscure; profound; difficult to understand
absurdity:
n. quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical contradiction
abyss:
n. enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit; any deep, immeasurable space; hell
accommodation:
n. living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience
accomplice:
n. partner in crime; associate in wrongdoing
acquiesce:
v. assent; agree without protesting
acrid:
a. unpleasantly sharp or bitter to taste or smell; bitterly pungent
adamant:
a. extremely hard; inflexible; stubbornly unyielding
admonish:
v. warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
adoration:
n. act of playing honor to a divine being; worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god
adore:
v. worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
adversary:
n. the opponent in a contest; someone who offers opposition
affable:
a. easily approachable; warmly friendly
affirmative:
a. confirmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirming
agency:
n. a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
aghast:
a. struck by shock, terror, or amazement
agitate:
v. cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb
agrarian:
a. pertaining to land or its cultivation; relating to agricultural or rural matters
aisle:
n. passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; the wing of a building
alacrity:
n. cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
albeit:
ad. even though; although; notwithstanding
allegiance:
n. loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion
alleviate:
v. provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
alley:
n. a narrow passage, especially a walk or passage in a garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes
allot:
v. parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
ambiguous:
a. unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambush:
n. disposition or arrangement of troops for attacking an enemy unexpectedly from a concealed station
amiable:
a. good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly
amicable:
a. exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome
amiss:
a. out of proper order; not in perfect shape; faulty
amnesty:
n. the general pardon granted by the government, especially for political offenses
amorous:
a. moved by sexual love; loving
amphitheater:
n. oval building with tiers of seats from central open space or arena
anarchy:
n. absence of governing body; state of disorder; political disorder and confusion
animation:
n. act of animating or giving life or spirit; state of being animate or alive
ankle:
n. the joint which connects the foot with the leg; tarsus
annals:
n. a chronological record of the events of successive years
antagonism:
n. active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
antagonist:
n. one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent
apathy:
n. lack of interest, or the attitude of not caring resulting from it; the indifference
appalling:
a. causing or fitted to cause dismay or horror; frightful
apparel:
n. external clothing; vesture; garments; dress; a small ornamental piece
apparition:
n. ghostly figure; sudden or unusual sight; appearance; state of being visible
appease:
v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
appellation:
n. name; title; the act of naming; the act of appealing for aid, sympathy
appraise:
v. estimate value of; evaluate, especially in an official capacity
apprehend:
v. take into custody; arrest a criminal; grasp mentally; perceive
apprehensive:
a. capable of knowing; conscious; relating to the faculty of apprehension; sensible; feeling; perceptive
apprise:
v. inform; give notice to; make aware
approbation:
n. expression of warm approval; praise
apron:
n. an article of dress, of cloth or other stuff, worn on the forepart of the body, to keep the clothes clean
arable:
a. fit for growing crops, as by plowing
arrogance:
n. overbearing pride; haughtiness; manifest feeling of personal superiority in rank, power, or estimation
arrogant:
a. arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
ascending:
a. climbing; rising; increasing in size or value
ascertain:
v. find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascetic:
a. leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
assail:
v. assault; attack with or as if with violent blows
assassination:
n. act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; the murder of public figure by a surprise attack
assiduous:
a. constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
assign:
v. appoint; allot; point out authoritatively or exactly
astray:
a. away from the correct path or direction, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering
asunder:
ad. into separate parts or pieces; apart
asylum:
n. place of refuge or shelter; protection
atone:
v. make amends, as for sin or fault; pay for; turn away from sin
atrocity:
n. brutal deed; atrocious condition, quality, or behavior; monstrousness
attentive:
a. alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful
attic:
n. story or room directly below the roof of a building, especially a house;
audacious:
a. fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
audacity:
a. daring spirit, resolution, or confidence; venturesome; reckless daring
auditory:
a. of or relating to hearing, the organs of hearing, or the sense of hearing
august:
a. impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
auspicious:
a. attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
austere:
a. strict or severe in the discipline; severely simple and unornamented
automaton:
n. the mechanism that imitates actions of humans
avarice:
n. greediness for wealth; the insatiable desire to gain
avenge:
v. take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someone
aver:
v. declare to be true; affirm
azure:
a. sky blue; light purplish-blue
bacchanalian:
a. drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness
bacon:
n. back and sides of a pig salted and smoked
baffle:
v. frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
bait:
v. harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
balcony:
n. platform projecting from the wall of a building
ballad:
n. popular kind of narrative poem adapted for recitation or singing
bamboo:
n. plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries
banish:
v. drive out; drive away; compel to depart; dispel
baron:
n. title or degree of nobility
bashful:
a. abashed; daunted; very modest, or modest excess; constitutionally disposed to shrink from public notice
bathe:
v. wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's self
beaver:
n. amphibious rodent about two feet in length; fur of the beaver; tall hat, originally made from beaver fur
beckon:
v. signal or summon, as by nodding or waving; attract because of inviting or enticing appearance
bellicose:
a. warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having the impulse to be combative
belligerent:
a. inclined or eager to fight; aggressive
belly:
n. part of the human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb
benefactor:
n. gift giver; a person who gives people or institutions financial help
beneficiary:
n. a person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
benevolent:
a. generous in providing aid to others; charitable
bequeath:
v. leave to someone by a will; hand down
berth:
n. space for the ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; the place to sleep or stay; appointment or job
beseech:
v. beg; plead with; ask for or request earnestly
beset:
v. attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in
bicker:
v. engage in a petty, bad-tempered quarrel
birch:
n. tree of several species, constituting the genus Betula
blatant:
a. flagrant; conspicuously obvious; loudly offensive
blot:
n. spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; a weak point or failing
blunder:
n. serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
bohemian:
a. unconventional in an artistic way
boisterous:
a. rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
bolt:
v. dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
bother:
v. annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster
bounty:
n. goodness, kindness; virtue; liberality in giving
bower:
n. shady shelter or recess in a garden or woods; anchor carried at the bow of the ship; a muscle that bends a limb
brace:
n. something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;
brake:
n. a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction
brand:
n. a burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way
brazen:
a. having loud, usually harsh, resonant sound; shameless
breakthrough:
n. act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction
bribe:
n. something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift to prevent judgment
bridle:
n. headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reins
brilliant:
a. full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone
brink:
n. edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge
broach:
v. introduce;  bring up for discussion or debate; announce
brood:
v. think long and anxiously;  be in a state of gloomy, serious thought
brutal:
a. like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless
buck:
v. move quickly and violently; jump vertically; strive with determination
bucket:
n. vessel for drawing up water from a well; a vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain
bully:
n. noisy, blustering fellow; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; insolent, tyrannical fellow
burial:
n. grave or tomb; the ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground
butcher:
n. one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers; vendor, especially on a train or in theater
buttress:
v. support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
cable:
n. solid thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire
cajole:
v. influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering
calamity:
n. the event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery
calendar:
n. the orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days
canon:
n. law, rule, or constitution made by authority; books of the Bible officially accepted; a group of literary works
canvass:
v. determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize
cape:
n. piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment
caprice:
n. sudden, unexpected fancy; impulsive change of mind
capricious:
a. fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
captivate:
v. charm; enthrall; seize by force, as an enemy in war, or anything belonging to an enemy
carnage:
n. destruction of life; the savage and excessive killing of many people
carpenter:
n. a skilled worker who makes, finishes, and repairs wooden objects and structures
caste:
n. any of the hereditary social classes and subclasses of South Asian societies
cataclysm:
n. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; deluge or overflowing of water
catalogue:
n. list or enumeration of names; articles arranged methodically, often in alphabetical order
caustic:
a. capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
cavalier:
a. offhand or casual; given to haughty disregard of others
cement:
n. any substances used for making bodies adhere to each other; bond of union; concrete pavement
cemetery:
n. place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard
censor:
n. overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content
censure:
v. expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame
certificate:
n. the document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course
cessation:
n. bringing or coming to an end; cease
champagne:
n. light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France
chant:
v. utter with a melodious voice; celebrate in song; make melody with the voice
chasm:
n. deep opening in the earth surface
chicanery:
n. mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
chide:
v. scold mildly so as to correct or improve; express disapproval
chivalrous:
a. having qualities of ideal knight; faithful; brave
circus:
n. public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals
clandestine:
a. secret; conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods
clasp:
n. fastening device; firm grip
cleft:
n. crack or crevice; a split or indentation between two parts, as of the chin
cliche:
n. obvious remark; overused expression or idea
client:
n. someone who pays to get goods or services
climax:
n. upward movement; steady increase; the highest point; the greatest degree
closet:
n. a small room or apartment; room for privacy
clump:
n. cluster or close group of bushes, trees; mass; the sound of heavy treading
comely:
a. pleasing or attractive to the eye; handsome; graceful
commence:
v. have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin
commend:
v. commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard
commotion:
n. disturbed or violent motion; agitation; public disturbance; riot; excitement
compartment:
n. one of parts or spaces into which an area is subdivided; separate room, section, or chamber
compelling:
a. overpowering; drivingly forceful; urgently requiring attention
composure:
n. mental calmness; calm or tranquil state of mind
conceit:
n. overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride
conceivable:
a. capable of being conceived, imagined, or understood
concession:
n. act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission
concoct:
v. digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition
concord:
n. agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things
confidential:
a. treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret
confiscate:
v. seize as forfeited to the public treasury; appropriate to the public use
confound:
v. cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
conjunction:
n. state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league
console:
v. cheer from distress or depression; alleviate grief and raise spirits of; relieve; comfort
consummate:
a. carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect
contempt:
n. state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
contemptible:
a. worthy of contempt; deserving of scorn or disdain; mean
contemptuous:
a. scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect
contradiction:
n. the assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement; opposition, whether by argument or conduct
contribute:
v. provide; bestow a quality on
contrive:
v. form by an exercise of ingenuity; invent or design
convey:
v. carry from one place to another; bear or transport
conveyance:
n. act of conveying; tools of conveying, especially vehicle for transportation
copious:
a. plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply
cordial:
a. gracious; showing warmth and friendliness
cork:
n. lightweight elastic outer bark, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floats
corporal:
a. belonging or relating to the body; bodily; noncommissioned officer, next below a sergeant
corporeal:
a. bodily; of material nature; tangible
corpulent:
a. very fat; large in the body; overweight
correspondent:
a. one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical
corroborate:
v. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
covenant:
n. mutual agreement of two or more persons or parties; contract; stipulation
covert:
a. secretive, not openly shown
cowardice:
n. lack of courage to face danger; extreme timidity; base fear of danger or hurt; lack of spirit
cradle:
n. small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers;  infancy, or very early life
crafty:
a. relating to, or characterized by, skill; dexterous; skillful
crave:
v. ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg
crease:
n. a line or long thin mark made by folding or doubling
crisp:
a. firm but easily broken or crumbled; brittle
crouch:
v. bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey or in fear
crucial:
a. of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance
cruise:
v. sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for the protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for pleasure
cryptic:
a. having hidden meaning; mystifying; using code or cipher
cumulative:
a. increasing by successive addition
curb:
v. bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain
curl:
v. form into a coiled or spiral shape; twist into ringlets or coils; move in curve or spiral
curt:
a. having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner
curtail:
v. cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part
custody:
n. keeping or guarding; care, watch, inspection, for keeping, preservation, or security
cynical:
a. skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic
dangle:
v. hang loosely, or with a swinging or jerking motion; swing, as something suspended loosely
deceit:
n. attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration that misleads another to believe a false thing
decipher:
v. convert code into ordinary language; read with difficulty
declivity:
n. downward slope, as of a hill
dedicate:
v. set apart for a deity or special purposes; devote; consecrate
deem:
v. decide; judge; sentence; condemn
define:
v. determine the nature of; give a definition; describe the nature or basic qualities of; explain
defraud:
v. deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device
defy:
v. refuse to submit to or cooperate with; be unaffected by; resist or withstand
degenerate:
v. become worse; decline; fall
dejected:
a. being in low spirits; depressed
deluge:
n. great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water
delusion:
n. false belief; mistaken or unfounded opinion
demise:
n. end of existence or activity; termination
denial:
n. act of refusing or disowning; negation; refusal to admit the truth; refusal to grant; rejection of a request
deputy:
n. one appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him; substitute in office
derelict:
a. left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty
deride:
v. ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
descry:
v. catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny
desecrate:
v. violate with violence, especially to a sacred place
desiccate:
v. dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture
desist:
v. cease to proceed or act; stop; forbear
destitute:
a. extremely poor; utterly lacking; devoid
desultory:
a. aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with the subject
detach:
v. part; separate or disunite; disengage
detain:
v. keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay
deviate:
v. turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge
devout:
a. expressing devotion or piety; earnest in the religious field
dexterity:
n. right-handedness; readiness and grace in physical activity; skill and ease in using the hands; expertness in manual acts
dexterous:
a. skillful in the use of the hands; having mental skill
dingy:
a. darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored
dip:
v. insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten
disclose:
v. unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view
discord:
n. conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things
discrepancy:
n. lack of consistency; the difference
disdain:
v. view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion
disparity:
n. difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree
dissolution:
n. breaking of union; decomposition into fragments or parts; extinction of life; decay
ditch:
n. the trench made in the earth by digging; any long, narrow receptacle for water on the surface of the earth
diverge:
v. vary; go in different directions from the same point
divulge:
v. reveal; make known to the public
dock:
v. deprive someone of benefits; remove or shorten the tail of an animal
dodge:
v. avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; a shifty or ingenious trick
doleful:
a. sorrowful; filled with or expressing grief; mournful
dome:
n. building or house, especially as the great hall, church, or temple; anything shaped like a cupola
dose:
n. quantity of medicine given; sufficient quantity; portion
downcast:
a. low in spirits; depressed; directed downward
doze:
v. slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy
dreadfully:
ad. terribly; with alarm; fearfully
drench:
v. wet through and through; soak; put potion down the throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly
drown:
v. kill by submerging and suffocating in water; overwhelm in water; deaden one's awareness of
dubious:
a. questionable; filled with doubt
duel:
n. combat between two persons; fought with deadly weapons by agreement;
dumbfound:
v. fill with astonishment and perplexity; confound
dunce:
n. backward in book learning; child or another person dull or weak in intellect; dullard or dolt
dwindle:
v. shrink; reduce in size; become less
ecology:
n. science of the relationships between organisms and their environments
ecstasy:
n. intense joy or delight; any overpowering emotion
eddy:
n. swirling current of water, air; flow in a circular current
editorial:
a. of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor
eerie:
a. suggestive of the supernatural; mysterious
efface:
v. rub or wipe out; make indistinct as if by rubbing
effectual:
a. able to produce the desired effect; valid
elastic:
a. springing back; having the power of rebounding; able to return quickly to a former state or condition
elderly:
a. somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age
electrical:
a. pertaining to electricity;  electric
elucidate:
v. make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify
elude:
v. avoid cleverly; escape the perception of
emanate:
v. come or send forth from a source, used chiefly of an intangible thing, as light
embark:
v. commence; go onboard a boat or airplane; begin a journey
embassy:
n. the diplomatic building where ambassadors live or work; diplomatic representatives headed by an ambassador
emerald:
a. of precious stone of rich green color; of a rich green color