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TOEFL Word List 1600 (1)

abandon: Read
n. Syn. relinquish
lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

abate: Read
v. Syn. subside; decrease; lessen
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity

abbreviation: Read
shortening something by omitting parts of it

abduct: Read
carry off by force; kidnap

abhor: Read
v. Syn. detest; hate
fill with horror and loathing; horrify; hate

abject: Read
a. Syn. wretched
being of the most miserable kind; wretched; lacking pride; brought low in condition or status

abolish: Read
v. Syn. cancel; annul
cancel; put an end to; destroy completely

abort: Read
v. Syn. failure; terminate
stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy

abrupt: Read
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another

absolve: Read
v. Syn. release; liberate; exempt
let off hook; relieve of requirement or obligation

abstain: Read
v. Syn. refrain
refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice

abstruse: Read
a. Syn. obscure; profound
obscure; profound; difficult to understand.

absurd: Read
a. Syn. preposterous; ridiculous; foolish
preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish

abundant: Read
a. Syn. plentiful
plentiful; possessing riches or resources

abyss: Read
n. Syn. chasm
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit; any deep, immeasurable space; hell

accessible: Read
a. Syn. obtainable; approachable
easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along with

acclaim: Read
v. Syn. applaud
applaud; announce with great approval

accomplice: Read
n. Syn. associate
partner in crime; associate in wrongdoing

accurate: Read
a. Syn. precise; correct
capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision

accuse: Read
v. Syn. blame; condemn
blame; condemn

acid: Read
sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful

acquaint: Read
v. Syn. Inform
inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar

acquiesce: Read
v. Syn. assent
assent; agree without protesting

acrid: Read
a. Syn. sharp; bitter
unpleasantly sharp or bitter to taste or smell; bitterly pungent

actuate: Read
v. Syn. motivate; activate
put into motion or action; activate

acute: Read
a. Syn. keen; sharp
quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe

adamant: Read
a. Syn. inflexible
extremely hard; inflexible; stubbornly unyielding

adapt: Read
v. Syn. alter; modify
make fit for; change to suit a new purpose

adept: Read
a. Syn. competent; proficient
expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adequate: Read
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
sufficient; enough to meet a purpose

adhere: Read
v. Syn. stick; bond
stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with

adjacent: Read
a. Syn. adjoining; neighboring
adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near

admonish: Read
v. Syn. warn; reprove
warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided

adorn: Read
v. Syn. decorate
enhance or decorate with or as if with ornaments

advent: Read
n. Syn. arrival
coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important

adverse: Read
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

advocate: Read
v. Syn. urge; support
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something

affable: Read
easily approachable; warmly friendly

affect: Read
have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

affiliate: Read
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
associate; incorporate

affinity: Read
n. Syn. kinship
natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship; relationship by marriage

affliction: Read
n. Syn. calamity; distress; misfortune; pain
cause or condition of pain, suffering, or distress

affluent: Read
having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value

aggravate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
worsen; make worse or more troublesome

aggregate: Read
v. Syn. gather; accumulate
gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

agile: Read
a. Syn. nimble; brisk
moving quickly and lightly; mentally quick

agitate: Read
v. Syn. disturb
cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb

agrarian: Read
pertaining to land or its cultivation; relating to agricultural or rural matters

ailment: Read
n. Syn. sickness; illness; affliction
sickness; illness; affliction

akin: Read
a. Syn. related; similar
of the same kin; related by blood

allegiance: Read
n. Syn. loyalty; fidelity
loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion

alleviate: Read
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

allocate: Read
v. Syn. assign
assign; distribute according to plan

allot: Read
v. Syn. distribute
parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot

allude: Read
v. Syn. imply; refer
refer casually or indirectly, or by suggestion

aloft: Read
ad. Syn. upward
in or into a high place; high or higher up

aloof: Read
a. Syn. apart; distant
apart; remote in manner; distant physically or emotionally; reserved and remote

alternative: Read
one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice

amazing: Read
a. Syn. awesome; astounding; surprising
awesome; astounding; surprising

ambiguous: Read
unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambivalence: Read
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate

ambivalent: Read
a. Syn. mixed; contradictory
mixed; experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings

amenable: Read
a. Syn. responsible; accountable
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

amiable: Read
a. Syn. agreeable; lovable
good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly

amicable: Read
a. Syn. friendly
exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome

amnesia: Read
partial or total loss of memory, usually resulting from shock or illness

amnesty: Read
n. Syn. pardon; forgiveness
general pardon granted by government, especially for political offenses

amphitheater: Read
oval building with tiers of seats from central open space or arena

analogous: Read
a. Syn. comparable
comparable; similar or alike

anecdote: Read
n. Syn. episode; story
short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography

annex: Read
v. Syn. attach
append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit

annual: Read
occurring or payable every year

anonymous: Read
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

antagonism: Read
n. Syn. hostility; enmity
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor

antagonist: Read
one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent

antedate: Read
be earlier in time; go back further

anticipate: Read
v. Syn. expect; predict
act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict

antique: Read
n. Syn. relic; curio
any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion

anxious: Read
a. Syn. eager; keen; worried
eager; keen; worried; uneasy and apprehensive about an uncertain event or matter

apathy: Read
n. Syn. indifference
lack of caring; indifference

apparent: Read
a. Syn. visible
capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye

appealing: Read
a. Syn. attractive; charming
attractive; charming

appease: Read
v. Syn. relieve; pacify
bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve

applaud: Read
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands

appraise: Read
v. Syn. evaluate
estimate value of; evaluate, especially in official capacity

apprise: Read
v. Syn. inform
inform; give notice to; make aware

approbation: Read
n. Syn. approval
expression of warm approval; praise

apt: Read
a. Syn. appropriate; suitable
likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand

arable: Read
fit for growing crops, as by plowing

arduous: Read
a. Syn. hard; strenuous
demanding great effort or labor; difficult

arid: Read
a. Syn. dry; barren
dry; lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or plants

aroma: Read
n. Syn. fragrance; scent
fragrance; scent; pleasant characteristic odor, as of a plant, spice, or food

arrogant: Read
a. Syn. overbearing; lofty
arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others

articulate: Read
a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

artificial: Read
a. Syn. unreal
made by humans; produced rather than natural.

ascertain: Read
v. Syn. discover; insure
find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

assail: Read
v. Syn. assault
assault; attack with or as if with violent blows

assault: Read
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
attack; onslaught

assert: Read
v. Syn. declare
declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

assiduous: Read
a. Syn. diligent; persistent
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent

assimilate: Read
v. Syn. absorb
incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble

astonishing: Read
a. Syn. astounding; miraculous
very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; surprising greatly

astute: Read
a. Syn. shrewd
wise or keen; shrewd; with sharp intelligence

atone: Read
make amends, as for sin or fault; pay for; turn away from sin

atrocity: Read
brutal deed; atrocious condition, quality, or behavior; monstrousness

attain: Read
v. Syn. gain
achieve or accomplish; gain

attribute: Read
n. Syn. trait
essential quality; reputation; honor

audacious: Read
a. Syn. brave; bold
fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold

auditory: Read
of or relating to hearing, the organs of hearing, or the sense of hearing

augment: Read
v. Syn. increase
make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

august: Read
a. Syn. impressive; majestic; grand
impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration

austere: Read
strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented

authentic: Read
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

authorize: Read
v. Syn. empower; sanction
empower; give permission for; sanction

automaton: Read
mechanism that imitates actions of humans

autonomy: Read
n. Syn. independence; liberty
independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination

avalanche: Read
great mass of falling snow and ice

avarice: Read
greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

aver: Read
v. Syn. affirm
declare to be true; affirm

aversion: Read
n. Syn. disgust
firm dislike; turning away; avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because of dislike

avert: Read
v. Syn. prevent
prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

aviator: Read
someone who operates an aircraft

avid: Read
a. Syn. greedy
greedy; eager for; marked by keen interest and enthusiasm

avoid: Read
v. Syn. shun; prevent
shield away from; prevent

awkward: Read
a. Syn. clumsy; inept
difficult to handle or manage

bacchanalian: Read
drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness

bachelor: Read
unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges

baffle: Read
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

bald: Read
a. Syn. hairless
hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering

balmy: Read
a. Syn. mild; fragrant
mild and pleasant; fragrant

ban: Read
n. Syn. Prohibition
official prohibition; decree that prohibits something

bankrupt: Read
penniless, without any money; financially ruined

bar: Read
n. Syn. caf‚
a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick

bare: Read
a. Syn. naked; nude
lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing

barren: Read
a. Syn. desolate
desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

barter: Read
v. Syn. trade; exchange
trade goods or services without the exchange of money

bashful: Read
abashed; daunted; very modest, or modest excess; constitutionally disposed to shrink from public notice

bead: Read
n. Syn. pearl; drops; droplet
small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing

beam: Read
n. Syn. rafter; brace
ray of light; long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool

bear: Read
v. Syn. support; sustain
support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support

beckon: Read
signal or summon, as by nodding or waving; attract because of inviting or enticing appearance

bellicose: Read
a. Syn. warlike; belligerent
warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative

belligerent: Read
a. Syn. quarrelsome; aggressive
inclined or eager to fight; aggressive

beneficial: Read
a. Syn. helpful; useful
helpful; tending to promote physical well-being

beneficiary: Read
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

benefit: Read
n. Syn. welfare; gain
advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain

benevolent: Read
a. Syn. generous; charitable
generous in providing aid to others; charitable

bequeath: Read
leave to someone by a will; hand down

besiege: Read
surround with armed forces; harass with requests

bestow: Read
v. Syn. present
give as gift; present

betray: Read
v. Syn. reveal
be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly

beverage: Read
n. Syn. refreshment
liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshment

bias: Read
n. Syn. prejudice; preference
preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way

bicker: Read
v. Syn. quarrel; argue
engage in a petty, bad-tempered quarrel

bilateral: Read
a. Syn. mutual; lateral
two-sided; mutual

biography: Read
an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life

bland: Read
a. Syn. soothing; mild; agreeable
lacking stimulating or mild; agreeable

blatant: Read
a. Syn. flagrant
flagrant; conspicuously obvious; loudly offensive

blend: Read
n. Syn. combination; mixture
combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture

blizzard: Read
snowstorm; storm

bloom: Read
n. Syn. flower; blossom
flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivity

bluff: Read
n. Syn. deception
pretense of strength; mislead or deceive

blunder: Read
n. Syn. error
serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: Read
a. Syn. insensitive
having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

bold: Read
a. Syn. brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
brave; daring; intrepid; impudent

bolster: Read
v. Syn. support; reinforce
support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion

bond: Read
n. Syn. link; tie; connection
link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty

boom: Read
n. Syn. bonanza; prosperity
bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish

brace: Read
something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

breakthrough: Read
act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction

breathtaking: Read
a. Syn. stunning; awesome
very surprising or shocking

breed: Read
v. Syn. raise; hatch; mate
raise; produce offspring; give birth to or hatch; mate

breeze: Read
n. Syn. light wind
light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly

brilliant: Read
full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone

brisk: Read
a. Syn. energetic; swift
marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner

brittle: Read
easily broken; having little elasticity

broach: Read
v. Syn. introduce; announce
introduce; bring up for discussion or debate; announce

brochure: Read
n. Syn. pamphlet
pamphlet; small book usually having paper cover

brutal: Read
like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless

bulky: Read
a. Syn. cumbersome; unwieldy; clumsy
of large size for its weight

burrow: Read
n. Syn. tunnel; den
tunnel; hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; dig; move through by or as by digging

buttress: Read
v. Syn. support
support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence

cajole: Read
influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering

calamity: Read
n. Syn. disaster; misery
event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery

calm: Read
a. Syn. placid; quiet; tranquil
freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity

camouflage: Read
v. Syn. disguise; conceal
exploit natural surroundings to disguise something; conceal

canvass: Read
determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize

capable: Read
a. Syn. competent
having the ability required for a specific task

captivate: Read
v. Syn. charm; enthrall; capture
charm; enthrall; seize by force, as an enemy in war, or anything belonging to enemy

caricature: Read
n. Syn. distortion; burlesque
representation that is deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic effect

carnage: Read
destruction of life; savage and excessive killing of many people

carve: Read
v. Syn. cut; sculpt
cut; sculpt

cast: Read
assign the roles of; choose at random

casual: Read
a. Syn. informal; purposeless; unplanned
informal; purposeless; occurring by chance

cataclysm: Read
n. Syn. deluge
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; deluge or overflowing of water

catastrophe: Read
n. Syn. calamity; disaster
calamity; disaster; state of extreme ruin and misfortune

caustic: Read
capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action

cautious: Read
a. Syn. conservative; careful
conservative; careful

cavity: Read
n. Syn. hole; cavern
hole; cavern; hollow area within the body

celebrated: Read
a. Syn. famous
famous; well-known; having illustrious past

censor: Read
overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content

censure: Read
v. Syn. blame; criticize
expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame

census: Read
official examination of the details of a country's population

centennial: Read
of hundredth anniversary; lasting or aged a hundred years

chaos: Read
n. Syn. disorder
disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass

chasm: Read
deep opening in the earth surface

cherish: Read
v. Syn. harbor; treasure; value
harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear

chicanery: Read
n. Syn. trickery; deception
mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry

chide: Read
v. Syn. scold
scold mildly so as to correct or improve; express disapproval

chilly: Read
a. Syn. cold

chop: Read
v. Syn. cut; hew
hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax

chubby: Read
a. Syn. plump; fat
of a person, slightly overweight, somewhat fat and hence soft; rounded and plump

cite: Read
v. Syn. quote
quote; adduce as an instance

clandestine: Read
a. Syn. secret
secret; conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clash: Read
make noise by striking against something; dash noisily together; meet in opposition

classify: Read
declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories

cliche: Read
obvious remark; overused expression or idea

cling: Read
v. Syn. stick
hold fast or adhere to something; stick together and resist separation; remain emotionally

clumsy: Read
a. Syn. awkward; inept
awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude

coalescence: Read
union of diverse things into one body or form or group; growing together of parts

coalition: Read
n. Syn. partnership; league; union
partnership; league; state of being combined into one body

coax: Read
v. Syn. persuade; cajole
persuade or try to persuade by pleading or flattery; move to or adjust toward a desired end

coherent: Read
a. Syn. adhesive; cohesive
adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

coin: Read
v. Syn. create; invent
make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate

collaborate: Read
v. Syn. cooperate
work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort

colossal: Read
a. Syn. huge
of extraordinary size; huge; gigantic

commence: Read
v. Syn. originate; start; begin
have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin

commerce: Read
n. Syn. trade; business
trade; business; intellectual exchange or social interaction

commitment: Read
pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

commodity: Read
n. Syn. goods
goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.

compact: Read
a. Syn. compressed; condensed; concise
closely and firmly united or packed together; briefly giving gist of something

compel: Read
force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force

competent: Read
a. Syn. capable; adept
capable; adept

compile: Read
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

complement: Read
v. Syn. complete; consummate
complete; consummate; make perfect

compliment: Read
n. Syn. praise; commendation
praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise

comply: Read
yield assent; accord; agree, or acquiesce; adapt one's self; fulfill; accomplish

component: Read
n. Syn. element; ingredient
element; ingredient; abstract part of something

comprehensible: Read
a. Syn. understandable
understandable; readily comprehended or understood; intelligible

comprehensive: Read
a. Syn. thorough; inclusive
thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope

comprise: Read
v. Syn. include
include; consist of; be composed of

compulsory: Read
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

concede: Read
v. Syn. admit; yield
admit; yield; give up physical control of another

concerted: Read
planned or accomplished together; combined

concise: Read
a. Syn. succinct; terse
brief and compact; expressing much in few words

concoct: Read
digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition.

concord: Read
n. Syn. agreement
agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things

concrete: Read
n. Syn. cement
solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate , and gravel

concurrent: Read
a. Syn. simultaneous; coincident
simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time

condemn: Read
v. Syn. blame; denounce
blame; denounce; express strong disapproval of

confer: Read
bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

confidential: Read
treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret

configuration: Read
arrangement of parts or elements; outline

confiscate: Read
seize as forfeited to the public treasury; appropriate to the public use

conflict: Read
n. Syn. fight; struggle
fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events

conform: Read
comply with; follow; fit; meet

congenial: Read
a. Syn. compatible

congestion: Read
n. Syn. overcrowding
act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass

conglomerate: Read
n. Syn. assortment
corporation made up of different companies in diversified fields; composing of heterogeneous elements gathered into a mass

congregate: Read
assemble; convene; gather

conjecture: Read
believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

consecutive: Read
a. Syn. successive; sequential
following one after another without interruption; sequential

consistent: Read
a. Syn. uniform; regular
being in agreement with itself; coherent; regular

conspicuous: Read
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

contaminate: Read
v. Syn. taint; pollute; defile
make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile

contemplate: Read
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contempt: Read
n. Syn. disgrace
state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contention: Read
n. Syn. controversy
competing as for profit or prize

contrive: Read
form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design

controversial: Read
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
controvertible; disputable

controversy: Read
n. Syn. contention; argument
contentious speech act; argument

convenient: Read
a. Syn. handy; suitable; near; accessible
suited or favorable to one's comfort, purpose, or needs:; near; accessible

convey: Read
carry from one place to another; bear or transport

conviction: Read
n. Syn. assurance; confidence
judgment that someone is guilty of crime; strongly held belief

copious: Read
a. Syn. plentiful
plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply

cordial: Read
a. Syn. gracious
gracious; showing warm and friendliness

corporeal: Read
a. Syn. bodily; material
bodily; of a material nature; tangible

corpulent: Read
a. Syn. fat
very fat; large in body; overweight

corroborate: Read
v. Syn. confirm; support
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence

courteous: Read
a. Syn. polite
exhibiting courtesy and politeness; showing regard or thought for others

covert: Read
secretive, not openly shown

cozy: Read
a. Syn. comfortable; relaxing
comfortable; relaxing

crave: Read
v. Syn. beseech; implore
ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg

crease: Read
a line or long thin mark made by folding or doubling

crooked: Read
a. Syn. curved
having or marked by bends or angles; not straight or aligned; curved

crouch: Read
bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey, or in fear

crucial: Read
of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

crude: Read
being in an unrefined or natural state; raw; lacking tact or taste; blunt or offensive

cryptic: Read
having hidden meaning; mystifying; using code or cipher

cultivate: Read
v. Syn. farm; domesticate; nurture; teach
improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth of

cumbersome: Read
a. Syn. heavy
heavy; difficult to handle because of weight or bulk

cumulative: Read
increasing by successive addition

curb: Read
bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

curious: Read
a. Syn. inquisitive
difficult to please or satisfy; careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or inquiry

curt: Read
having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner

curtail: Read
v. Syn. shorten; reduce
cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part

damp: Read
a. Syn. humid; moist; wet
humid; moist; slightly wet

dangle: Read
hang loosely, or with a swinging or jerking motion; swing, as something suspended loosely

daring: Read
a. Syn. bold; brave
bold; brave

daunt: Read
v. Syn. intimidate; frighten; dismay
frighten; abate the courage of; discourage

dazzling: Read
a. Syn. bright; brilliant
bright; brilliant

decadent: Read
a. Syn. self-indulgent; depraved
self-indulgent; moral decay

decay: Read
v. Syn. decompose; rot
decompose; break sown; disintegration; rottenness; decline; worsen; decadence

deceit: Read
attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration or practice, which misleads another, or causes to believe what is false

deception: Read
act of deceiving

decipher: Read
convert code into ordinary language; read with difficulty

declare: Read
v. Syn. announce
state clearly; make known formally or officially

declivity: Read
downward slope, as of a hill

decompose: Read
v. Syn. decay

decorate: Read
v. Syn. adorn; embellish
adorn; embellish

dedicate: Read
set apart for a deity or for special purposes; devote; consecrate

deem: Read
decide; judge; sentence; condemn

defame: Read
harm someone's reputation; degrade; bring into disrepute; make infamous

defect: Read
abandon or turn against; cease or change one's loyalty

defective: Read
having a defect; faulty; imperfect; incomplete; lacking

defer: Read
v. Syn. delay; postpone
delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

deficient: Read
a. Syn. inadequate
inadequate; lacking an essential quality or element

definitive: Read
a. Syn. final; complete
final; complete; precisely defined or explicit

defraud: Read
deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device

degenerate: Read
v. Syn. deteriorate
become worse; decline; fall

dehydrate: Read
v. Syn. dry; desiccate
remove water from; dry out; lose water or bodily fluids

deity: Read
n. Syn. god; divinity
god; divinity; supernatural things

dejected: Read
being in low spirits; depressed

deliberate: Read
v. Syn. consider; ponder
consider; think about carefully; weigh

delicate: Read
a. Syn. fragile; vulnerable
pleasing to the senses, especially in a subtle way; easily hurt; very subtle in difference

deluge: Read
n. Syn. flood; rush
great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

delusion: Read
false belief; mistaken or unfounded opinion

demise: Read
n. Syn. death
end of existence or activity; termination

demolish: Read
v. Syn. raze; destroy; devastate
raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end to

denote: Read
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

denounce: Read
v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

dense: Read
a. Syn. thick; compact
thick; crowded closely together; compact

depress: Read
v. Syn. lower
lower in spirits; press down

deprive: Read
deny; take away

derelict: Read
a. Syn. abandoned; negligent
left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty

deride: Read
v. Syn. ridicule
ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt

descry: Read
v. Syn. detect
catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny

desecrate: Read
violate with violence, especially to sacred place

deserted: Read
a. Syn. abandoned
remote from civilization; left desolate or empty; abandoned

desiccate: Read
dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture

desist: Read
cease to proceed or act; stop; forbear

desolate: Read
a. Syn. unpopulated; deserted
unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitants

desultory: Read
a. Syn. aimless; haphazard
aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with subject

detect: Read
v. Syn. feel; discover the presence of; discern; sense; identify
feel; discover the presence of; identify

deteriorate: Read
v. Syn. decline
become worse; decline

detrimental: Read
a. Syn. harmful; damaging
causing damage or harm; injurious

deviate: Read
v. Syn. depart; diverge
turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge

device: Read
n. Syn. instrument
technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks

devise: Read
v. Syn. invent; plan
form, plan, or arrange in the mind; transmit or give by will

devoid: Read
a. Syn. barren; empty
completely lacking; barren or empty

dexterous: Read
a. Syn. skillful
skillful in the use of the hands; having mental skill

digress: Read
turn aside, especially from main subject in writing or speaking

diligent: Read
a. Syn. assiduous; industrious
assiduous; industrious; hard-working

dilute: Read
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

dim: Read
a. Syn. weak; faint
emitting only a small amount of light; lacking in brightness

dimension: Read
n. Syn. measure; size
measure of spatial extent, especially width, height, or length; size; aspect; element

dingy: Read
a. Syn. rusty; dull
darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored

dip: Read
insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten; appear to move downward

discard: Read
throw out something from one's hand; get rid of

discern: Read
v. Syn. detect; perceive
detect; perceive

discipline: Read
n. Syn. training
trait of being well behaved ; act of punishing ; system of rules of conduct or method of practice

disclose: Read
unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view

discord: Read
n. Syn. conflict
conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things

discrepancy: Read
n. Syn. difference
lack of consistency; difference

disdain: Read
v. Syn. despise
view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

dismal: Read
a. Syn. dreary; gloomy
causing gloom or depression; dreary; somber; melancholy

dismay: Read
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

disparity: Read
n. Syn. difference
difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree

disperse: Read
v. Syn. scatter
move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

disposition: Read
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

dispute: Read
n. Syn. argument; debate
argument; angry altercation; quarrel; verbal controversy; debate

disseminate: Read
v. Syn. distribute; spread
distribute; spread; scatter like seeds

dissolve: Read
melt; liquefy; cause to pass into solution; cause to disappear or vanish

distinct: Read
a. Syn. definite; separate; different
definite; separate; different

distinguished: Read
a. Syn. prominent; celebrated; eminent
prominent; celebrated, well-known or eminent because of past achievements

distract: Read
v. Syn. disturb; divert
cause to turn away from original focus; pull in conflicting emotional directions; unsettle

diverge: Read
v. Syn. vary
vary; go in different directions from the same point

divulge: Read
v. Syn. reveal
reveal; make known to public

docile: Read
a. Syn. obedient
obedient; ready and willing to be taught; easily managed or handled

dodge: Read
avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; shifty or ingenious trick

dogged: Read
a. Syn. determined; stubborn
determined; stubbornly persevering; unyielding

doleful: Read
a. Syn. sorrowful; sad
sorrowful; filled with or expressing grief; mournful

dominate: Read
v. Syn. monopolize; command; rule
monopolize; command; rule; prevail; be prevalent in

donate: Read
v. Syn. grant; contribute
grant; present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute

dot: Read
the shorter of two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; very small circular shape

doze: Read
slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy

drain: Read
draw out; flow out; waste

drastic: Read
a. Syn. radical; severe
radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

drawback: Read
disadvantage or inconvenience; shortcoming; refund or remittance, such as a discount on duties or taxes

dreary: Read
a. Syn. gloomy; dismal
gloomy; dismal; dark, colorless, or cheerless

drench: Read
wet through and through; soak; put potion down throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly

drip: Read
process of falling in drops; liquid or moisture that falls in drops; sound made by liquid falling in drops

drought: Read
n. Syn. aridity
dry period; aridity; long period of abnormally low rainfall

drowsy: Read
a. Syn. sleepy; soporific; ; sluggish
dull with sleepiness; showing lack of attention

dubious: Read
a. Syn. questionable
questionable; filled with doubt

dull: Read
a. Syn. blunt; unsharpened; stupid; obtuse
lacking responsiveness or alertness; intellectually weak or obtuse

dumbfound: Read
v. Syn. astonish; surprise
fill with astonishment and perplexity; confound

dunce: Read
backward in book learning; child or other person dull or weak in intellect; dullard or dolt

durable: Read
a. Syn. lasting; enduring
lasting; long-lasting; enduring

dwell: Read
v. Syn. reside; inhabit
live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

dwelling: Read
n. Syn. residence; house
residence; place to live in; abode

dwindle: Read
v. Syn. shrink; reduce
shrink; reduce in size; become less

dynamic: Read
a. Syn. energetic
energetic; vigorously active

eclipse: Read
v. Syn. surpass
darken; exceed in importance; outweigh

ecology: Read
science of the relationships between organisms and their environments

edible: Read
a. Syn. eatable
eatable; substance that can be used as food

edifice: Read
n. Syn. skyscraper
building, especially one of imposing appearance or size; a structure that has a roof and walls

eerie: Read
a. Syn. weird
suggestive of the supernatural; mysterious

efface: Read
v. Syn. erase
rub or wipe out; make indistinct as if by rubbing

elaborate: Read
a. Syn. detailed; complicated
marked by complexity and richness of detail; done with care and in minute detail

elasticity: Read
tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed

elderly: Read
somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age

elegant: Read
a. Syn. refined; exquisite
refined and tasteful in appearance or behavior or style

elevate: Read
v. Syn. raise; heave
raise; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position

elicit: Read
v. Syn. provoke
draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

eligible: Read
a. Syn. entitled; qualified; suitable
qualified; desirable and worthy of choice, especially for marriage

elucidate: Read
v. Syn. explain; enlighten
make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify

elude: Read
avoid cleverly; escape perception of

emanate: Read
come or send forth from a source, used chiefly of intangible thing, as light

emancipate: Read
v. Syn. liberate; free; release
free from bondage, oppression, or restraint; liberate

embed: Read
v. Syn. enclose
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in surrounding mass

emblem: Read
n. Syn. symbol; sign
symbol; sign; distinctive badge, design, or device

emboss: Read
mold or carve in relief; decorate with or as if with a raised design

eminent: Read
a. Syn. prominent; high; lofty
standing out above other things; high in rank, office, or worth

emit: Read
give off; send out; give out as sound

emulate: Read
v. Syn. imitate; rival
be a match or counterpart for; eager to equal or excel

enamored: Read
totally in love; marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

enchant: Read
charm by sorcery; get control of by magical words and rites

enchanting: Read
having the power to enchant; charming

encomium: Read
n. Syn. tribute
high praise; formal expression of praise; tribute

encounter: Read
v. Syn. face; confront; meet
face; confront; meet, especially unexpectedly; come upon

endeavor: Read
v. Syn. seek; try; attempt
attempt by employing effort

endorse: Read
v. Syn. approve; support
acknowledge by signing a bill, draft, or other instrument; approve; support

engender: Read
v. Syn. cause; produce
cause; bring into existence; give rise to

enhance: Read
v. Syn. increase; improve
make better or more attractive; increase; improve

enigma: Read
n. Syn. puzzle; mystery
puzzle; difficult problem

enlist: Read
enter on a list; enroll; register; engage for military or naval service

enmity: Read
n. Syn. hatred; discord
ill will; hatred; quality or state of being hostile

ennui: Read
feeling of being bored by something tedious

ensue: Read
v. Syn. follow
pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

enthrall: Read
v. Syn. capture; enslave
capture; attract and hold by charm, beauty, or excellence; hold in bondage or subjection

entice: Read
v. Syn. lure; attract; tempt
attract by arousing hope or desire

enumerate: Read
list each one; mention one by one

enunciate: Read
v. Syn. pronounce; articulate
speak distinctly; state or set forth precisely or systematically; pronounce; articulate

envisage: Read
look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way

ephemeral: Read
short-lived; enduring a very short time

epitaph: Read
inscription on tombstone in memory

epithet: Read
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing

equitable: Read
a. Syn. fair; impartial
marked by or having equity; just and impartial

equivocal: Read
a. Syn. ambiguous
open to two or more interpretations and often intended to mislead

eradicate: Read
v. Syn. completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate
completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate

erect: Read
v. Syn. construct; stand
construct; stand; set up

escalate: Read
v. Syn. rise
rise; increase in extent or intensity

eschew: Read
v. Syn. avoid; escape
avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand aloof from

espouse: Read
v. Syn. adopt; support
take in marriage; marry; give one's loyalty or support to; adopt

essay: Read
n. Syn. trial; attempt
effort made for performance of anything; short literary composition on a single subject

essential: Read
a. Syn. necessary; critical; vital; indispensable; fundamental
necessary; critical; vital; constituting or being part of the essence of something

estate: Read
n. Syn. property
extensive landed property; everything you own; all of your assets

esteem: Read
v. Syn. respect; prize; regard
regard with respect; favorable regard

eulogy: Read
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death

evacuate: Read
make empty; empty out; remove contents of

evade: Read
get away from by artifice; escape by dexterity; avoid giving a direct answer to

evanescent: Read
a. Syn. fleeting; vanishing
fleeting; vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor

evenhanded: Read
a. Syn. impartial; fair
impartial; fair; rightly balanced; equitable

evolve: Read
v. Syn. develop; grow
develop; grow

exacerbate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; embitter
increase severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate

exacting: Read
a. Syn. rigorous; burdensome
making severe demands; rigorous; requiring great care, effort, or attention

exalt: Read
v. Syn. praise
raise in rank or dignity; praise

excavate: Read
v. Syn. unearth
unearth; dig out; make a hole in; hollow out

exceed: Read
go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree

excerpt: Read
passage or segment taken from a longer work, such as literary or musical composition

excursion: Read
n. Syn. trip; journey
trip; usually short journey made for pleasure

execute: Read
put into effect; carry out the legalities of

exhaustive: Read
a. Syn. thorough; comprehensive
treating all parts or aspects without omission; comprehensive

exhilarating: Read
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; making lively and joyful

exhortation: Read
act of practice of exhorting; act of inciting to laudable deeds; incitement to that which is good; language intended to incite and encourage

expendable: Read
not essential or mandatory in order to achieve a goal; not reusable; Suitable to be expended

expire: Read
v. Syn. end
come to an end; terminate; lose validity; breathe one's last breath; die

explicit: Read
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exploit: Read
make use of, sometimes unjustly

explore: Read
v. Syn. investigate
investigate systematically; examine; search

expose: Read
v. Syn. exhibit; show; display
set forth; set out to public view

expunge: Read
v. Syn. cancel; remove
cancel; remove; erase or strike out

extensive: Read
a. Syn. widespread; wide
widespread; far-reaching; wide

extol: Read
v. Syn. praise; glorify
praise highly; glorify; celebrate

extract: Read
v. Syn. derive; remove; squeeze
draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstacles

extraneous: Read
not essential; coming from outside

extravagant: Read
wandering beyond one's bounds; exceeding due bounds; wild; excessive; unrestrained