Vocabulary Study Online By Level
Enter VSOBL VSOBL Q & A
  Level 5 - 1 - Printable FlashcardsWord List   Next    
Print cards
Exam Word - https://www.examword.com/ Total words: 300

TOEFL Vocabulary Level 5 - 1: Print Flashcard

abate
v. subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
abduct
v. carry off by force; kidnap
abhor
v. fill with horror and loathing; horrify; hate
abject
a. being of the most miserable kind; wretched; lacking pride; brought low in condition or status
abominable
a. detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad
abstain
v. refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
abstruse
a. obscure; profound; difficult to understand
absurdity
n. quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical contradiction
abyss
n. enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit; any deep, immeasurable space; hell
accommodation
n. living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience
accomplice
n. partner in crime; associate in wrongdoing
acquiesce
v. assent; agree without protesting
acrid
a. unpleasantly sharp or bitter to taste or smell; bitterly pungent
adamant
a. extremely hard; inflexible; stubbornly unyielding
admonish
v. warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
adoration
n. act of playing honor to a divine being; worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god
adore
v. worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
adversary
n. the opponent in a contest; someone who offers opposition
affable
a. easily approachable; warmly friendly
affirmative
a. confirmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirming
agency
n. a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
aghast
a. struck by shock, terror, or amazement
agitate
v. cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb
agrarian
a. pertaining to land or its cultivation; relating to agricultural or rural matters
aisle
n. passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; the wing of a building
alacrity
n. cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
albeit
ad. even though; although; notwithstanding
allegiance
n. loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion
alleviate
v. provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
alley
n. a narrow passage, especially a walk or passage in a garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes
allot
v. parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
ambiguous
a. unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambush
n. disposition or arrangement of troops for attacking an enemy unexpectedly from a concealed station
amiable
a. good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly
amicable
a. exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome
amiss
a. out of proper order; not in perfect shape; faulty
amnesty
n. the general pardon granted by the government, especially for political offenses
amorous
a. moved by sexual love; loving
amphitheater
n. oval building with tiers of seats from central open space or arena
anarchy
n. absence of governing body; state of disorder; political disorder and confusion
animation
n. act of animating or giving life or spirit; state of being animate or alive
ankle
n. the joint which connects the foot with the leg; tarsus
annals
n. a chronological record of the events of successive years
antagonism
n. active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
antagonist
n. one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent
apathy
n. lack of interest, or the attitude of not caring resulting from it; the indifference
appalling
a. causing or fitted to cause dismay or horror; frightful
apparel
n. external clothing; vesture; garments; dress; a small ornamental piece
apparition
n. ghostly figure; sudden or unusual sight; appearance; state of being visible
appease
v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
appellation
n. name; title; the act of naming; the act of appealing for aid, sympathy
appraise
v. estimate value of; evaluate, especially in an official capacity
apprehend
v. take into custody; arrest a criminal; grasp mentally; perceive
apprehensive
a. capable of knowing; conscious; relating to the faculty of apprehension; sensible; feeling; perceptive
apprise
v. inform; give notice to; make aware
approbation
n. expression of warm approval; praise
apron
n. an article of dress, of cloth or other stuff, worn on the forepart of the body, to keep the clothes clean
arable
a. fit for growing crops, as by plowing
arrogance
n. overbearing pride; haughtiness; manifest feeling of personal superiority in rank, power, or estimation
arrogant
a. arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
ascending
a. climbing; rising; increasing in size or value
ascertain
v. find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascetic
a. leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
assail
v. assault; attack with or as if with violent blows
assassination
n. act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; the murder of public figure by a surprise attack
assiduous
a. constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
assign
v. appoint; allot; point out authoritatively or exactly
astray
a. away from the correct path or direction, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering
asunder
ad. into separate parts or pieces; apart
asylum
n. place of refuge or shelter; protection
atone
v. make amends, as for sin or fault; pay for; turn away from sin
atrocity
n. brutal deed; atrocious condition, quality, or behavior; monstrousness
attentive
a. alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful
attic
n. story or room directly below the roof of a building, especially a house;
audacious
a. fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
audacity
a. daring spirit, resolution, or confidence; venturesome; reckless daring
auditory
a. of or relating to hearing, the organs of hearing, or the sense of hearing
august
a. impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
auspicious
a. attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
austere
a. strict or severe in the discipline; severely simple and unornamented
automaton
n. the mechanism that imitates actions of humans
avarice
n. greediness for wealth; the insatiable desire to gain
avenge
v. take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someone
aver
v. declare to be true; affirm
azure
a. sky blue; light purplish-blue
bacchanalian
a. drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness
bacon
n. back and sides of a pig salted and smoked
baffle
v. frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
bait
v. harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
balcony
n. platform projecting from the wall of a building
ballad
n. popular kind of narrative poem adapted for recitation or singing
bamboo
n. plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries
banish
v. drive out; drive away; compel to depart; dispel
baron
n. title or degree of nobility
bashful
a. abashed; daunted; very modest, or modest excess; constitutionally disposed to shrink from public notice
bathe
v. wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's self
beaver
n. amphibious rodent about two feet in length; fur of the beaver; tall hat, originally made from beaver fur
beckon
v. signal or summon, as by nodding or waving; attract because of inviting or enticing appearance
bellicose
a. warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having the impulse to be combative
belligerent
a. inclined or eager to fight; aggressive
belly
n. part of the human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb
benefactor
n. gift giver; a person who gives people or institutions financial help
beneficiary
n. a person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
benevolent
a. generous in providing aid to others; charitable
bequeath
v. leave to someone by a will; hand down
berth
n. space for the ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; the place to sleep or stay; appointment or job
beseech
v. beg; plead with; ask for or request earnestly
beset
v. attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in
bicker
v. engage in a petty, bad-tempered quarrel
birch
n. tree of several species, constituting the genus Betula
blatant
a. flagrant; conspicuously obvious; loudly offensive
blot
n. spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; a weak point or failing
blunder
n. serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
bohemian
a. unconventional in an artistic way
boisterous
a. rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
bolt
v. dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
bother
v. annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster
bounty
n. goodness, kindness; virtue; liberality in giving
bower
n. shady shelter or recess in a garden or woods; anchor carried at the bow of the ship; a muscle that bends a limb
brace
n. something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;
brake
n. a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction
brand
n. a burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way
brazen
a. having loud, usually harsh, resonant sound; shameless
breakthrough
n. act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction
bribe
n. something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift to prevent judgment
bridle
n. headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reins
brilliant
a. full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone
brink
n. edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge
broach
v. introduce;  bring up for discussion or debate; announce
brood
v. think long and anxiously;  be in a state of gloomy, serious thought
brutal
a. like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless
buck
v. move quickly and violently; jump vertically; strive with determination
bucket
n. vessel for drawing up water from a well; a vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain
bully
n. noisy, blustering fellow; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; insolent, tyrannical fellow
burial
n. grave or tomb; the ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground
butcher
n. one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers; vendor, especially on a train or in theater
buttress
v. support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
cable
n. solid thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire
cajole
v. influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering
calamity
n. the event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery
calendar
n. the orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days
canon
n. law, rule, or constitution made by authority; books of the Bible officially accepted; a group of literary works
canvass
v. determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize
cape
n. piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment
caprice
n. sudden, unexpected fancy; impulsive change of mind
capricious
a. fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
captivate
v. charm; enthrall; seize by force, as an enemy in war, or anything belonging to an enemy
carnage
n. destruction of life; the savage and excessive killing of many people
carpenter
n. a skilled worker who makes, finishes, and repairs wooden objects and structures
caste
n. any of the hereditary social classes and subclasses of South Asian societies
cataclysm
n. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; deluge or overflowing of water
catalogue
n. list or enumeration of names; articles arranged methodically, often in alphabetical order
caustic
a. capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
cavalier
a. offhand or casual; given to haughty disregard of others
cement
n. any substances used for making bodies adhere to each other; bond of union; concrete pavement
cemetery
n. place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard
censor
n. overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content
censure
v. expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame
certificate
n. the document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course
cessation
n. bringing or coming to an end; cease
champagne
n. light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France
chant
v. utter with a melodious voice; celebrate in song; make melody with the voice
chasm
n. deep opening in the earth surface
chicanery
n. mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
chide
v. scold mildly so as to correct or improve; express disapproval
chivalrous
a. having qualities of ideal knight; faithful; brave
circus
n. public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals
clandestine
a. secret; conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods
clasp
n. fastening device; firm grip
cleft
n. crack or crevice; a split or indentation between two parts, as of the chin
cliche
n. obvious remark; overused expression or idea
client
n. someone who pays to get goods or services
climax
n. upward movement; steady increase; the highest point; the greatest degree
closet
n. a small room or apartment; room for privacy
clump
n. cluster or close group of bushes, trees; mass; the sound of heavy treading
comely
a. pleasing or attractive to the eye; handsome; graceful
commence
v. have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin
commend
v. commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard
commotion
n. disturbed or violent motion; agitation; public disturbance; riot; excitement
compartment
n. one of parts or spaces into which an area is subdivided; separate room, section, or chamber
compelling
a. overpowering; drivingly forceful; urgently requiring attention
composure
n. mental calmness; calm or tranquil state of mind
conceit
n. overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride
conceivable
a. capable of being conceived, imagined, or understood
concession
n. act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission
concoct
v. digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition
concord
n. agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things
confidential
a. treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret
confiscate
v. seize as forfeited to the public treasury; appropriate to the public use
confound
v. cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
conjunction
n. state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league
console
v. cheer from distress or depression; alleviate grief and raise spirits of; relieve; comfort
consummate
a. carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect
contempt
n. state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
contemptible
a. worthy of contempt; deserving of scorn or disdain; mean
contemptuous
a. scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect
contradiction
n. the assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement; opposition, whether by argument or conduct
contribute
v. provide; bestow a quality on
contrive
v. form by an exercise of ingenuity; invent or design
convey
v. carry from one place to another; bear or transport
conveyance
n. act of conveying; tools of conveying, especially vehicle for transportation
copious
a. plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply
cordial
a. gracious; showing warmth and friendliness
cork
n. lightweight elastic outer bark, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floats
corporal
a. belonging or relating to the body; bodily; noncommissioned officer, next below a sergeant
corporeal
a. bodily; of material nature; tangible
corpulent
a. very fat; large in the body; overweight
correspondent
a. one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical
corroborate
v. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
covenant
n. mutual agreement of two or more persons or parties; contract; stipulation
covert
a. secretive, not openly shown
cowardice
n. lack of courage to face danger; extreme timidity; base fear of danger or hurt; lack of spirit
cradle
n. small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers;  infancy, or very early life
crafty
a. relating to, or characterized by, skill; dexterous; skillful
crave
v. ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg
crease
n. a line or long thin mark made by folding or doubling
crisp
a. firm but easily broken or crumbled; brittle
crouch
v. bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey or in fear
crucial
a. of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance
cruise
v. sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for the protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for pleasure
cryptic
a. having hidden meaning; mystifying; using code or cipher
cumulative
a. increasing by successive addition
curb
v. bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain
curl
v. form into a coiled or spiral shape; twist into ringlets or coils; move in curve or spiral
curt
a. having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner
curtail
v. cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part
custody
n. keeping or guarding; care, watch, inspection, for keeping, preservation, or security
cynical
a. skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic
dangle
v. hang loosely, or with a swinging or jerking motion; swing, as something suspended loosely
deceit
n. attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration that misleads another to believe a false thing
decipher
v. convert code into ordinary language; read with difficulty
declivity
n. downward slope, as of a hill
dedicate
v. set apart for a deity or special purposes; devote; consecrate
deem
v. decide; judge; sentence; condemn
define
v. determine the nature of; give a definition; describe the nature or basic qualities of; explain
defraud
v. deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device
defy
v. refuse to submit to or cooperate with; be unaffected by; resist or withstand
degenerate
v. become worse; decline; fall
dejected
a. being in low spirits; depressed
deluge
n. great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water
delusion
n. false belief; mistaken or unfounded opinion
demise
n. end of existence or activity; termination
denial
n. act of refusing or disowning; negation; refusal to admit the truth; refusal to grant; rejection of a request
deputy
n. one appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him; substitute in office
derelict
a. left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty
deride
v. ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
descry
v. catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny
desecrate
v. violate with violence, especially to a sacred place
desiccate
v. dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture
desist
v. cease to proceed or act; stop; forbear
destitute
a. extremely poor; utterly lacking; devoid
desultory
a. aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with the subject
detach
v. part; separate or disunite; disengage
detain
v. keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay
deviate
v. turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge
devout
a. expressing devotion or piety; earnest in the religious field
dexterity
n. right-handedness; readiness and grace in physical activity; skill and ease in using the hands; expertness in manual acts
dexterous
a. skillful in the use of the hands; having mental skill
dingy
a. darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored
dip
v. insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten
disclose
v. unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view
discord
n. conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things
discrepancy
n. lack of consistency; the difference
disdain
v. view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion
disparity
n. difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree
dissolution
n. breaking of union; decomposition into fragments or parts; extinction of life; decay
ditch
n. the trench made in the earth by digging; any long, narrow receptacle for water on the surface of the earth
diverge
v. vary; go in different directions from the same point
divulge
v. reveal; make known to the public
dock
v. deprive someone of benefits; remove or shorten the tail of an animal
dodge
v. avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; a shifty or ingenious trick
doleful
a. sorrowful; filled with or expressing grief; mournful
dome
n. building or house, especially as the great hall, church, or temple; anything shaped like a cupola
dose
n. quantity of medicine given; sufficient quantity; portion
downcast
a. low in spirits; depressed; directed downward
doze
v. slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy
dreadfully
ad. terribly; with alarm; fearfully
drench
v. wet through and through; soak; put potion down the throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly
drown
v. kill by submerging and suffocating in water; overwhelm in water; deaden one's awareness of
dubious
a. questionable; filled with doubt
duel
n. combat between two persons; fought with deadly weapons by agreement;
dumbfound
v. fill with astonishment and perplexity; confound
dunce
n. backward in book learning; child or another person dull or weak in intellect; dullard or dolt
dwindle
v. shrink; reduce in size; become less
ecology
n. science of the relationships between organisms and their environments
ecstasy
n. intense joy or delight; any overpowering emotion
eddy
n. swirling current of water, air; flow in a circular current
editorial
a. of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor
eerie
a. suggestive of the supernatural; mysterious
efface
v. rub or wipe out; make indistinct as if by rubbing
effectual
a. able to produce the desired effect; valid
elastic
a. springing back; having the power of rebounding; able to return quickly to a former state or condition
elderly
a. somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age
electrical
a. pertaining to electricity;  electric
elucidate
v. make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify
elude
v. avoid cleverly; escape the perception of
emanate
v. come or send forth from a source, used chiefly of an intangible thing, as light
embark
v. commence; go onboard a boat or airplane; begin a journey
embassy
n. the diplomatic building where ambassadors live or work; diplomatic representatives headed by an ambassador
emerald
a. of precious stone of rich green color; of a rich green color