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TOEFL Vocabulary Level 5 - 1: Print One-sided Flashcard

abate:
v. [減弱,減少] subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
abduct:
v. [綁架,拐走] carry off by force; kidnap
abhor:
v. [憎恨] fill with horror and loathing; horrify; hate
abject:
a. [窮困潦倒,卑微] being of the most miserable kind; wretched; lacking pride; brought low in condition or status
abominable:
a. [可惡的,非常糟糕] detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad
abstain:
v. [控制,限制(自己)] refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
abstruse:
a. [難以理解的,複雜的] obscure; profound; difficult to understand
absurdity:
n. [荒謬] quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical contradiction
abyss:
n. [深淵,深坑,無底洞] enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit; any deep, immeasurable space; hell
accommodation:
n. [住處,住所,適應,調節,通融] living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience
accomplice:
n. [共犯,同夥] partner in crime; associate in wrongdoing
acquiesce:
v. [默許] assent; agree without protesting
acrid:
a. [尖銳,尖酸] unpleasantly sharp or bitter to taste or smell; bitterly pungent
adamant:
a. [堅硬,不動搖] extremely hard; inflexible; stubbornly unyielding
admonish:
v. [警告,訓斥] warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
adoration:
n. [愛慕,崇拜] act of playing honor to a divine being; worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god
adore:
v. [崇拜,熱愛] worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
adversary:
n. [對手] the opponent in a contest; someone who offers opposition
affable:
a. [平易近人的] easily approachable; warmly friendly
affirmative:
a. [贊成的,肯定的] confirmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirming
agency:
n. [代理,代辦,代理處,經銷處,社,機構,作用,力量] a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
aghast:
a. [嚇壞了的] struck by shock, terror, or amazement
agitate:
v. [激怒,打擾] cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb
agrarian:
a. [耕地的,耕種的] pertaining to land or its cultivation; relating to agricultural or rural matters
aisle:
n. [(教堂的)走廊,耳堂,(劇院觀眾席間的)狹長過道] passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; the wing of a building
alacrity:
n. [歡快的情緒] cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
albeit:
ad. [雖然,縱使] even though; although; notwithstanding
allegiance:
n. [忠誠] loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion
alleviate:
v. [解脫,釋放,釋然] provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
alley:
n. [小巷,小徑] a narrow passage, especially a walk or passage in a garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes
allot:
v. [按份額分配] parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
ambiguous:
a. [模棱兩可] unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambush:
n. [埋伏,伏擊] disposition or arrangement of troops for attacking an enemy unexpectedly from a concealed station
amiable:
a. [可愛的,友好的,愜意的] good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly
amicable:
a. [溫和的,友好禮貌的] exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome
amiss:
a. [錯誤] out of proper order; not in perfect shape; faulty
amnesty:
n. [原諒] the general pardon granted by the government, especially for political offenses
amorous:
a. [愛情的] moved by sexual love; loving
amphitheater:
n. [橢圓形的劇院,鬥獸場] oval building with tiers of seats from central open space or arena
anarchy:
n. [無政府主義] absence of governing body; state of disorder; political disorder and confusion
animation:
n. [興奮,活躍] act of animating or giving life or spirit; state of being animate or alive
ankle:
n. [腳踝] the joint which connects the foot with the leg; tarsus
annals:
n. [記錄,歷史] a chronological record of the events of successive years
antagonism:
n. [反抗,敵對] active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
antagonist:
n. [敵手,對手] one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent
apathy:
n. [漠不關心] lack of interest, or the attitude of not caring resulting from it; the indifference
appalling:
a. [駭人的,可怕的] causing or fitted to cause dismay or horror; frightful
apparel:
n. [(精緻的)衣服] external clothing; vesture; garments; dress; a small ornamental piece
apparition:
n. [鬼,幽靈] ghostly figure; sudden or unusual sight; appearance; state of being visible
appease:
v. [平靜,安撫] bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
appellation:
n. [名字,標題] name; title; the act of naming; the act of appealing for aid, sympathy
appraise:
v. [估價] estimate value of; evaluate, especially in an official capacity
apprehend:
v. [逮捕,懼怕,領會] take into custody; arrest a criminal; grasp mentally; perceive
apprehensive:
a. [恐懼的,擔心的] capable of knowing; conscious; relating to the faculty of apprehension; sensible; feeling; perceptive
apprise:
v. [告訴] inform; give notice to; make aware
approbation:
n. [同意,批准] expression of warm approval; praise
apron:
n. [圍裙] an article of dress, of cloth or other stuff, worn on the forepart of the body, to keep the clothes clean
arable:
a. [可耕種的] fit for growing crops, as by plowing
arrogance:
n. [傲慢,驕傲] overbearing pride; haughtiness; manifest feeling of personal superiority in rank, power, or estimation
arrogant:
a. [傲慢的,自大的,傲慢] arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
ascending:
a. [上升的,向上的] climbing; rising; increasing in size or value
ascertain:
v. [確認,確證] find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascetic:
a. [苦行,禁慾] leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
assail:
v. [攻擊] assault; attack with or as if with violent blows
assassination:
n. [暗殺] act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; the murder of public figure by a surprise attack
assiduous:
a. [勤奮] constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
assign:
v. [分配,指定,讓與] appoint; allot; point out authoritatively or exactly
astray:
a. [迷路的,誤入歧途的] away from the correct path or direction, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering
asunder:
ad. [分裂,分開] into separate parts or pieces; apart
asylum:
n. [庇護所] place of refuge or shelter; protection
atone:
v. [補償,償還] make amends, as for sin or fault; pay for; turn away from sin
atrocity:
n. [暴行] brutal deed; atrocious condition, quality, or behavior; monstrousness
attentive:
a. [專心的,專注的,全神貫注] alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful
attic:
n. [閣樓,頂樓] story or room directly below the roof of a building, especially a house;
audacious:
a. [大膽的,魯莽的] fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
audacity:
a. [大膽,魯莽] daring spirit, resolution, or confidence; venturesome; reckless daring
auditory:
a. [聽覺的] of or relating to hearing, the organs of hearing, or the sense of hearing
august:
a. [威嚴的,令人印象深刻的] impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
auspicious:
a. [幸運的,吉祥的] attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
austere:
a. [嚴厲的,樸素的] strict or severe in the discipline; severely simple and unornamented
automaton:
n. [機器人] the mechanism that imitates actions of humans
avarice:
n. [貪婪,貪財] greediness for wealth; the insatiable desire to gain
avenge:
v. [復仇] take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someone
aver:
v. [斷言,聲明,證明] declare to be true; affirm
azure:
a. [天藍] sky blue; light purplish-blue
bacchanalian:
a. [喝醉的,耍酒瘋] drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness
bacon:
n. [熏豬肉,培根肉] back and sides of a pig salted and smoked
baffle:
v. [挫敗] frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
bait:
v. [欺負,玩弄,折磨] harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
balcony:
n. [陽台,(戲院的)樓座] platform projecting from the wall of a building
ballad:
n. [歌謠,小曲] popular kind of narrative poem adapted for recitation or singing
bamboo:
n. [竹,竹莖] plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries
banish:
v. [放逐,摒棄] drive out; drive away; compel to depart; dispel
baron:
n. [男爵,大財主,大老闆] title or degree of nobility
bashful:
a. [害羞的,羞怯的] abashed; daunted; very modest, or modest excess; constitutionally disposed to shrink from public notice
bathe:
v. [游泳,浸,洗,籠罩] wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's self
beaver:
n. [海狸] amphibious rodent about two feet in length; fur of the beaver; tall hat, originally made from beaver fur
beckon:
v. [向致意,示意,吸引,引誘] signal or summon, as by nodding or waving; attract because of inviting or enticing appearance
bellicose:
a. [好鬥的,好戰的] warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having the impulse to be combative
belligerent:
a. [好鬥的,好鬥嘴的] inclined or eager to fight; aggressive
belly:
n. [腹部,腹狀物] part of the human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb
benefactor:
n. [恩人,贊助人] gift giver; a person who gives people or institutions financial help
beneficiary:
n. [(遺產)受益人] a person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
benevolent:
a. [慈善的] generous in providing aid to others; charitable
bequeath:
v. [遺贈,遺留] leave to someone by a will; hand down
berth:
n. [(船)停泊] space for the ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; the place to sleep or stay; appointment or job
beseech:
v. [乞求,懇求] beg; plead with; ask for or request earnestly
beset:
v. [困擾] attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in
bicker:
v. [爭吵] engage in a petty, bad-tempered quarrel
birch:
n. [樺樹,赤楊] tree of several species, constituting the genus Betula
blatant:
a. [喧鬧,俗麗] flagrant; conspicuously obvious; loudly offensive
blot:
n. [污斑,污跡,污漬,(品行上的)污點] spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; a weak point or failing
blunder:
n. [錯誤] serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
bohemian:
a. [不合習俗,放蕩不羈] unconventional in an artistic way
boisterous:
a. [狂暴,喧囂] rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
bolt:
v. [衝刺,快速移動] dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
bother:
v. [打擾,煩擾,麻煩] annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster
bounty:
n. [慷慨,獎金,補助金] goodness, kindness; virtue; liberality in giving
bower:
n. [涼亭,樹蔭下涼快之處] shady shelter or recess in a garden or woods; anchor carried at the bow of the ship; a muscle that bends a limb
brace:
n. [使穩固,架穩支撐物] something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;
brake:
n. [煞車減速,阻止] a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction
brand:
n. [商標,牌子,燃燒的木頭,烙印] a burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way
brazen:
a. [厚顏無恥,傲慢] having loud, usually harsh, resonant sound; shameless
breakthrough:
n. [突破,衝破防線,突破性的發現] act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction
bribe:
n. [賄賂,賄賂] something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift to prevent judgment
bridle:
n. [馬籠頭抑制,控制] headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reins
brilliant:
a. [輝煌的,才氣煥發的] full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone
brink:
n. [(峭壁的)邊沿,邊緣] edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge
broach:
v. [介紹,提出,引見] introduce;  bring up for discussion or debate; announce
brood:
v. [悶想] think long and anxiously;  be in a state of gloomy, serious thought
brutal:
a. [殘忍的,嚴酷的] like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless
buck:
v. [(馬)跳躍,振作精神,高興起來] move quickly and violently; jump vertically; strive with determination
bucket:
n. [水桶,吊桶,傾瀉] vessel for drawing up water from a well; a vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain
bully:
n. [欺負,威協] noisy, blustering fellow; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; insolent, tyrannical fellow
burial:
n. [埋葬,葬禮] grave or tomb; the ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground
butcher:
n. [屠夫,肉商,屠宰,殘殺,濫殺] one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers; vendor, especially on a train or in theater
buttress:
v. [支持] support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
cable:
n. [纜索,鋼絲繩,電纜] solid thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire
cajole:
v. [哄騙,勾引] influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering
calamity:
n. [災難,不幸] the event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery
calendar:
n. [曆法,日曆,月曆,一覽表,記錄表] the orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days
canon:
n. [經典,真作] law, rule, or constitution made by authority; books of the Bible officially accepted; a group of literary works
canvass:
v. [調查,投票] determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize
cape:
n. [披風,斗篷,岬,海角] piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment
caprice:
n. [反复無常,一時幻想,奇怪的想法] sudden, unexpected fancy; impulsive change of mind
capricious:
a. [反复無常的] fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
captivate:
v. [迷住,迷惑] charm; enthrall; seize by force, as an enemy in war, or anything belonging to an enemy
carnage:
n. [殘殺,大屠殺] destruction of life; the savage and excessive killing of many people
carpenter:
n. [木匠,木工] a skilled worker who makes, finishes, and repairs wooden objects and structures
caste:
n. [社會等級,等級] any of the hereditary social classes and subclasses of South Asian societies
cataclysm:
n. [巨變,劇變,災難] an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; deluge or overflowing of water
catalogue:
n. [目錄表] list or enumeration of names; articles arranged methodically, often in alphabetical order
caustic:
a. [腐蝕,挖苦] capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
cavalier:
a. [隨便,傲慢] offhand or casual; given to haughty disregard of others
cement:
n. [水泥,膠泥,結合劑] any substances used for making bodies adhere to each other; bond of union; concrete pavement
cemetery:
n. [墳墓,公墓] place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard
censor:
n. [審查] overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content
censure:
v. [責怪,批評] expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame
certificate:
n. [證書,憑證,執照] the document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course
cessation:
n. [停止] bringing or coming to an end; cease
champagne:
n. [香檳酒] light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France
chant:
v. [誦經,喃喃地唱,單調重複地唱] utter with a melodious voice; celebrate in song; make melody with the voice
chasm:
n. [深淵] deep opening in the earth surface
chicanery:
n. [強辯,狡辯,欺騙] mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
chide:
v. [斥責] scold mildly so as to correct or improve; express disapproval
chivalrous:
a. [武士的,勇武的,有武士風度的,有騎士氣概的] having qualities of ideal knight; faithful; brave
circus:
n. [馬戲團,流動戲班,馬戲] public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals
clandestine:
a. [秘密] secret; conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods
clasp:
n. [扣合,緊密合作] fastening device; firm grip
cleft:
n. [裂縫,裂口] crack or crevice; a split or indentation between two parts, as of the chin
cliche:
n. [陳詞濫調] obvious remark; overused expression or idea
client:
n. [委託人,(律師的)當事人,顧客,主顧] someone who pays to get goods or services
climax:
n. [頂點,極點,巔峰] upward movement; steady increase; the highest point; the greatest degree
closet:
n. [壁櫥,衣櫥,碗櫥,私室] a small room or apartment; room for privacy
clump:
n. [草叢,樹叢,灌木叢,一塊,一團] cluster or close group of bushes, trees; mass; the sound of heavy treading
comely:
a. [清秀,美麗,漂亮,有吸引力的] pleasing or attractive to the eye; handsome; graceful
commence:
v. [開始,倡導] have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin
commend:
v. [稱讚,頌揚] commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard
commotion:
n. [騷動,動亂] disturbed or violent motion; agitation; public disturbance; riot; excitement
compartment:
n. [分隔間,火車車廂裡的小房間] one of parts or spaces into which an area is subdivided; separate room, section, or chamber
compelling:
a. [強制的] overpowering; drivingly forceful; urgently requiring attention
composure:
n. [鎮定,沉著] mental calmness; calm or tranquil state of mind
conceit:
n. [自負,自大,離奇古怪的想法] overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride
conceivable:
a. [想像得出的,可信的] capable of being conceived, imagined, or understood
concession:
n. [讓步] act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission
concoct:
v. [調製,捏造] digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition
concord:
n. [和諧,和睦,條約] agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things
confidential:
a. [機密的,秘密的,參與機密的] treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret
confiscate:
v. [沒收,充公] seize as forfeited to the public treasury; appropriate to the public use
confound:
v. [謎的] cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
conjunction:
n. [會合的時機或狀態,社團組織] state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league
console:
v. [安慰,撫慰] cheer from distress or depression; alleviate grief and raise spirits of; relieve; comfort
consummate:
a. [完全的,完美的,完成] carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect
contempt:
n. [輕視,鄙視] state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of
contemptible:
a. [令人輕視的] worthy of contempt; deserving of scorn or disdain; mean
contemptuous:
a. [輕蔑的,傲慢的] scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect
contradiction:
n. [矛盾,反駁] the assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement; opposition, whether by argument or conduct
contribute:
v. [捐獻,貢獻,投稿] provide; bestow a quality on
contrive:
v. [計劃,設計] form by an exercise of ingenuity; invent or design
convey:
v. [運送,運輸,通知,通報,傳達] carry from one place to another; bear or transport
conveyance:
n. [運輸,交通工具] act of conveying; tools of conveying, especially vehicle for transportation
copious:
a. [豐富的,很多的] plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply
cordial:
a. [親切,衷心] gracious; showing warmth and friendliness
cork:
n. [軟木,軟木塞] lightweight elastic outer bark, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floats
corporal:
a. [(士兵)下士,肉體的,身體的] belonging or relating to the body; bodily; noncommissioned officer, next below a sergeant
corporeal:
a. [肉體的,物質的] bodily; of material nature; tangible
corpulent:
a. [肥胖] very fat; large in the body; overweight
correspondent:
a. [通訊員,記者] one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical
corroborate:
v. [確認,支持] establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
covenant:
n. [契約,立書保證] mutual agreement of two or more persons or parties; contract; stipulation
covert:
a. [隱蔽的,暗地裡的,偷偷摸摸的] secretive, not openly shown
cowardice:
n. [膽小,懦弱] lack of courage to face danger; extreme timidity; base fear of danger or hurt; lack of spirit
cradle:
n. [嬰兒搖籃,策源地,吊架,支持物] small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers;  infancy, or very early life
crafty:
a. [狡詐的] relating to, or characterized by, skill; dexterous; skillful
crave:
v. [渴望,熱望] ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg
crease:
n. [折縫,皺痕] a line or long thin mark made by folding or doubling
crisp:
a. [幹的,硬的,易碎的,脆的,新鮮的] firm but easily broken or crumbled; brittle
crouch:
v. [蹲伏,彎腰] bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey or in fear
crucial:
a. [極重要的,有決定性的] of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance
cruise:
v. [巡航,巡弋,慢速行車] sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for the protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for pleasure
cryptic:
a. [秘密的,神秘的] having hidden meaning; mystifying; using code or cipher
cumulative:
a. [累積] increasing by successive addition
curb:
v. [控制,抑制,約束] bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain
curl:
v. [捲曲,蜷縮,繚繞] form into a coiled or spiral shape; twist into ringlets or coils; move in curve or spiral
curt:
a. [簡略的,草率的,粗魯的,三言兩語的] having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner
curtail:
v. [減短,降低] cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part
custody:
n. [監管,保管] keeping or guarding; care, watch, inspection, for keeping, preservation, or security
cynical:
a. [憤世嫉俗] skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic
dangle:
v. [懸掛,吊胃口] hang loosely, or with a swinging or jerking motion; swing, as something suspended loosely
deceit:
n. [欺騙,欺詐] attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration that misleads another to believe a false thing
decipher:
v. [破譯,解密] convert code into ordinary language; read with difficulty
declivity:
n. [下坡] downward slope, as of a hill
dedicate:
v. [貢奉,奉獻] set apart for a deity or special purposes; devote; consecrate
deem:
v. [認為,視為] decide; judge; sentence; condemn
define:
v. [解釋,下定義,闡述,定範圍] determine the nature of; give a definition; describe the nature or basic qualities of; explain
defraud:
v. [詐取,詐騙,騙取] deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device
defy:
v. [不服從,蔑視,挑戰] refuse to submit to or cooperate with; be unaffected by; resist or withstand
degenerate:
v. [惡化] become worse; decline; fall
dejected:
a. [沮喪的,失望的] being in low spirits; depressed
deluge:
n. [大洪水] great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water
delusion:
n. [錯覺] false belief; mistaken or unfounded opinion
demise:
n. [死] end of existence or activity; termination
denial:
n. [否認,否定] act of refusing or disowning; negation; refusal to admit the truth; refusal to grant; rejection of a request
deputy:
n. [代理人,代表,副職] one appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him; substitute in office
derelict:
a. [遺棄的,廢棄的] left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty
deride:
v. [打趣,取消] ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
descry:
v. [看到] catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny
desecrate:
v. [褻瀆] violate with violence, especially to a sacred place
desiccate:
v. [弄乾] dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture
desist:
v. [停止,中止] cease to proceed or act; stop; forbear
destitute:
a. [一貧如洗] extremely poor; utterly lacking; devoid
desultory:
a. [慢無目的的,斷斷續續的] aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with the subject
detach:
v. [分開,拆開,分離,分遣] part; separate or disunite; disengage
detain:
v. [拘留,使延遲] keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay
deviate:
v. [背離] turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge
devout:
a. [虔誠的,誠懇的] expressing devotion or piety; earnest in the religious field
dexterity:
n. [純熟,靈巧] right-handedness; readiness and grace in physical activity; skill and ease in using the hands; expertness in manual acts
dexterous:
a. [靈巧的,右撇子] skillful in the use of the hands; having mental skill
dingy:
a. [骯髒的,褪色的] darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored
dip:
v. [降下一點,浸漬,蘸濕] insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten
disclose:
v. [揭露,揭發,洩露] unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view
discord:
n. [衝突的,不和諧的] conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things
discrepancy:
n. [相差,缺乏一致] lack of consistency; the difference
disdain:
v. [蔑視] view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion
disparity:
n. [不同,差距] difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree
dissolution:
n. [解散,終止,解體] breaking of union; decomposition into fragments or parts; extinction of life; decay
ditch:
n. [溝,溝渠,拋棄,擺脫,逃脫,逃避] the trench made in the earth by digging; any long, narrow receptacle for water on the surface of the earth
diverge:
v. [多樣的,各異的] vary; go in different directions from the same point
divulge:
v. [揭開,暴露] reveal; make known to the public
dock:
v. [剪短,扣除] deprive someone of benefits; remove or shorten the tail of an animal
dodge:
v. [閃開,躲避] avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; a shifty or ingenious trick
doleful:
a. [悲傷] sorrowful; filled with or expressing grief; mournful
dome:
n. [圓屋頂] building or house, especially as the great hall, church, or temple; anything shaped like a cupola
dose:
n. [(藥)劑量,一劑] quantity of medicine given; sufficient quantity; portion
downcast:
a. [喪] low in spirits; depressed; directed downward
doze:
v. [瞌睡,假寐,微睡] slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy
dreadfully:
ad. [可怕地] terribly; with alarm; fearfully
drench:
v. [濕透,浸透] wet through and through; soak; put potion down the throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly
drown:
v. [淹死,淹溺] kill by submerging and suffocating in water; overwhelm in water; deaden one's awareness of
dubious:
a. [可疑的] questionable; filled with doubt
duel:
n. [決鬥] combat between two persons; fought with deadly weapons by agreement;
dumbfound:
v. [使人驚訝] fill with astonishment and perplexity; confound
dunce:
n. [蠢材,笨人] backward in book learning; child or another person dull or weak in intellect; dullard or dolt
dwindle:
v. [縮水,減少] shrink; reduce in size; become less
ecology:
n. [生態學] science of the relationships between organisms and their environments
ecstasy:
n. [全神貫注,入迷,高興] intense joy or delight; any overpowering emotion
eddy:
n. [漩渦] swirling current of water, air; flow in a circular current
editorial:
a. [編輯的,社論] of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor
eerie:
a. [怪異的] suggestive of the supernatural; mysterious
efface:
v. [抹掉] rub or wipe out; make indistinct as if by rubbing
effectual:
a. [有效的] able to produce the desired effect; valid
elastic:
a. [有彈性的,靈活的] springing back; having the power of rebounding; able to return quickly to a former state or condition
elderly:
a. [較老的] somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age
electrical:
a. [與電有關的,用電的] pertaining to electricity;  electric
elucidate:
v. [解釋,啟迪] make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify
elude:
v. [逃避,逃脫,記不起] avoid cleverly; escape the perception of
emanate:
v. [散發,發出] come or send forth from a source, used chiefly of an intangible thing, as light
embark:
v. [開始旅程,開始,登機,上船,上車] commence; go onboard a boat or airplane; begin a journey
embassy:
n. [大使館人員,大使館] the diplomatic building where ambassadors live or work; diplomatic representatives headed by an ambassador
emerald:
a. [祖母綠,翡翠翠綠色的] of precious stone of rich green color; of a rich green color