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TOEFL Word List 1600 (3)

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quaint
quandary
quench
query
quest
quote
radiant
radical
ragged
raid
random
range
ration
raw
raze
rebellion
recede
reception
recess
reciprocal
reckless
reclaim
reconcile
recount
recrimination
recruit
recurring
redeem
redoubtable
refine
refute
rehabilitate
rehearse
reign
reimburse
reiterate
rejoice
rejoicing
release
relegate
reliable
relinquish
relish
remedy
reminisce
remit
remnant
render
renounce
renowned
repeal
repel
repercussion
replenish
reproach
reprobate
reproduce
reprove
repugnance
repute
rescind
resent
reserved
residual
resolute
restless
resume
resurrection
retaliate
reticent
retract
retreat
retrieve
reveal
revere
revoke
riddle
rigid
rigor
rip
ripe
risky
roam
rotundity
rough
route
rudimentary
rugged
rummage
rural
ruthless
salvage
sanction
sanctuary
sanguine
saturate
scale
scan
scant
scarce
scatter
scent
scholarly
scope
scorch
scorn
scrap
scribble
scrupulous
scrutinize
seasoned
secluded
sedition
seemly
sensational
sentinel
sequester
serene
sever
severe
shabby
shatter
sheer
shimmer
shiver
shred
shrewd
shrill
shrink
shun
shy
significant
signify
simulate
simultaneous
singular
sip
skeptical
sketch
sketchy
slack
slander
slender
slim
sluggish
smolder
snare
soak
sojourn
solace
solicit
somber
sophisticated
sophistry
sort
sound
sovereign
span
spartan
spawn
specific
specimen
spectacular
spell
spin
splash
splendid
splice
spoil
sporadic
spot
spouse
sprout
spur
spurious
squander
stable
stagnant
stain
stale
stall
stately
stationary
steep
stern
stoic
stout
strenuous
stretch
strife
strive
stubborn
stumble
stun
stupendous
sturdy
sublime
submerge
subsequent
subside
subsidiary
substantial
subterranean
subtle
succumb
sullen
summit
sundry
superb
superficial
supplant
supple
supplicate
surfeit
surge
surly
surmise
surpass
susceptible
suspend
sway
sweeping
swift
synthesize
taciturn
tact
tactic
taint
tame
tamper
tangle
tantalize
tantamount
tardy
tarnish
tart
taunt
tautology
tawdry
tease
tedious
temperate
tempting
tender
tenor
tentative
tepid
tether
thaw
thermal
thorough
thrifty
thrive
thwart
tilt
timid
tint
toil
tolerant
torpid
torrent
torture
toupee
tow
towering
toxic
trait
trajectory
tranquility
transmute
transparent
transpose
traverse
treacherous
tremendous
tremor
trepidation
tribunal
trickle
trigger
triumph
trivial
tug
tumble
turbulent
turmoil
twinkle
tyro
ultimate
unbearable
uncanny
uncouth
undergo
underlying
underscore
undertake
ungainly
uniform
unilateral
unique
universal
unruly
unscathed
upheaval
uphold
upkeep
uptight
urge
urgent
usurp
utensil
utter
vacant
vacuous
vague
vain
valedictory
valiant
valid
vanguard
vanish
vanity
variable
variation
vast
vein
venerate
venomous
venturesome
venue
verbose
verge
verify
versatile
vessel
vex
viable
vicinity
vie
vigilance
vigorous
vindicate
visceral
vital
vivid
vogue
volatile
voluptuous
vomit
vow
vulnerable
wade
wag
wage
wail
walkout
wan
wander
wane
ward
ware
warp
wary
waxy
weary
wholesome
wicked
widespread
wile
wily
winsome
withdraw
wither
withhold
withstand
woe
wrinkle
yearn
yield
zealous
zenith
zone


quaint: Read
a. Syn. odd; picturesque; strange
(離奇古怪的,做的精巧的,過時的) odd; old-fashioned; picturesque; unfamiliar or unusual in character

quandary: Read
n. Syn. dilemma; predicament; perplexity
(兩難的環境) dilemma; state of uncertainty or perplexity

quench: Read
v. Syn. extinguish
(弄濕,撲滅,熄滅,淬火) put out a fire; extinguish; put an end to; destroy

query: Read
n. Syn. inquiry; question
(問詢,質問) inquiry; doubt in the mind; mental reservation

quest: Read
n. Syn. search; expedition
(尋找,探索) act of searching for something

quote: Read
v.
(引用,舉例引證,引述) cite or repeat a passage from; repeat or copy the words of another

radiant: Read
a. Syn. ablaze; brilliant; delighted
(發光的,榮光煥發的) brilliant; delighted

radical: Read
a. Syn. drastic; extreme
(根本的,激進的) drastic; extreme; arising from or going to a root or source; basic

ragged: Read
a. Syn. torn; worn
(襤褸的,破爛的) torn; worn; having an irregular surface or edge; uneven or jagged in outline

raid: Read
n. Syn. invasion; attack
(襲擊) search without warning; surprise attack by a small armed force

random: Read
a. Syn. haphazard; chance
(隨機的) without definite purpose, plan, or aim; having no specific pattern

range: Read
n. Syn. limit
(行列,範圍) limits within which something can be effective; variety of different things or activities

ration: Read
n. Syn. allotment; allowance; portion
(分配,配額,定量,配給量) allotment; allowance; portion; allot; distribute in rations

raw: Read
a.
(未煮過的,生的,天然的,未加工處理過的) in the natural unprocessed condition; cruel and unfair; uncooked; untrained and inexperienced

raze: Read
v. Syn. demolish; ruin
(徹底摧毀) destroy completely; scrape or shave off

rebellion: Read
n.
(謀反,叛亂) organized opposition to authority

recede: Read
v.
(後退,收回(諾言)) move back; retreat; withdraw a claim or pretension

reception: Read
n. Syn. receipt
(接待,招待會) act of receiving; manner in which something is greeted

recess: Read
n.
(壁凹,退回,回落,休假) withdrawing or retiring; moving back; retreat; state of being withdrawn; seclusion

reciprocal: Read
a. Syn. mutual; exchangeable; interacting
(互相的,互動的,互惠的) concerning each of two or more persons or things; exchangeable; interacting

reckless: Read
a. Syn. irresponsible; careless
(輕率的,魯莽的) headstrong; rash; indifferent to or disregardful of consequences

reclaim: Read
v. Syn. rehabilitate; rejuvenate
(開墾,要求歸還,收回) bring into or return to a suitable condition for use; claim back; make useful again

reconcile: Read
v. Syn. adapt; settle; resolve
(拋棄前嫌,結為好友,化解衝突) correct inconsistencies; become friendly after a quarrel; become compatible or consistent

recount: Read
v. Syn. narrate; depict; describe
(解說,告訴,重新數) narrate or tell; count over again

recrimination: Read
n. Syn. countercharge
(反責,反擊) countercharge; counter or mutual accusation; accusation brought by the accused against the accuser

recruit: Read
v. Syn. enlist; enroll
(徵兵,徵募,補充) enlist; register formally as a participant; engage for military service

recurring: Read
a. Syn. repeated; recurrent; repetitious
(往復的,再次發生的) repeated; Returning again; repetitious

redeem: Read
v.
(贖罪,實踐(諾言)) purchase back; regain possession of by payment; ransom or rescue from captivity; pay penalty; make amends for

redoubtable: Read
a. Syn. formidable
(可怕的) formidable; arousing fear or awe; worthy of respect or honor

refine: Read
v. Syn. purify
(精煉,精製) purify; make more precise; improve

refute: Read
v. Syn. disprove
(反駁) disprove; prove to be false or incorrect

rehabilitate: Read
v. Syn. restore; recover
(恢復,復原) restore to proper condition; help to re-adapt, as to former state of health or good repute

rehearse: Read
v. Syn. practice; drill
(預演,排練) practice; drill; engage in preparation for a public performance

reign: Read
n. Syn. sovereignty; rule; control
(統治,支配) sovereignty; rule; dominance or widespread influence

reimburse: Read
v. Syn. repay; refund; indemnify
(償還) pay back for some expense incurred

reiterate: Read
v.
(重申,重複) say, state, or perform again or repeatedly

rejoice: Read
v.
(喜歡,高興) feel joy; experience gladness in a high degree; have pleasurable satisfaction; be delighted; enjoy

rejoicing: Read
a.
(歡樂,狂喜) of rejoice; feeling and expression of joy and gladness; procedure expressive of joy; festivity

release: Read
v. Syn. liberate; freedom
(釋放) give off; liberate; grant freedom to; make something available

relegate: Read
v. Syn. delegate; assign
(指派,下放,貶) assign to obscure place, position, or condition; delegate; assign

reliable: Read
a. Syn. dependable; trustworthy
(可靠的,可信賴的) worthy of being depended on; trustworthy

relinquish: Read
v. Syn. yield; abandon; surrender; waive
(不情願的屈服,放棄(某物)) give up something with reluctance; retire from; give up or abandon

relish: Read
v. Syn. enjoy
(品味,享受) take keen or zestful pleasure in; enjoy the flavor of; give spice or flavor to

remedy: Read
n. Syn. drug
(藥物) a medicine or therapy; ; cure; fix; repair; provide relief for

reminisce: Read
v.
(追憶,懷舊) recollect and tell of past experiences or events; talk or write about memories of the past, especially pleasant memories

remit: Read
v.
(免除,寬恕,匯款) send back; give up; surrender; resign; restore; transmit or send, especially as money in payment of a demand

remnant: Read
n. Syn. remainder; relic
(殘留物) remainder; small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer exists

render: Read
v. Syn. deliver; provide; represent
(呈遞,給予,以文字形式表現,描繪,使成為) deliver;give or make available; provide; represent in a drawing or painting

renounce: Read
v. Syn. abandon; disown; relinquish
(放棄,斷絕關係) abandon; disown; turn away from; give up

renowned: Read
a.
(著名的) famous; celebrated for great achievements, for distinguished qualities

repeal: Read
v. Syn. revoke; annul
(廢除,撤除) revoke or annul, especially by official or formal act

repel: Read
v. Syn. disgust; reject; refuse
(撤退,退卻) force or drive back; disgust; offer resistance to; fight against

repercussion: Read
n. Syn. rebound; reverberation; reaction
(反彈,彈回) often indirect effect or result that is produced by an event or action; reflection, especially of sound

replenish: Read
v. Syn. refill; restock
(補充) fill or make complete again; add a new stock or supply to

reproach: Read
v. Syn. admonish
(表示失望,責備) express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgrace

reprobate: Read
n.
(有重罪的人,道德敗壞的人,無恥的人) person hardened in sin; person without moral scruples

reproduce: Read
v.
(繁殖,再生,複製) have offspring or young; duplicate; make a copy

reprove: Read
v. Syn. censure; rebuke
(責備) voice or convey disapproval of; rebuke; find fault with

repugnance: Read
n.
(嫌惡,反感) extreme dislike or aversion; opposition; conflict; resistance, in a physical sense

repute: Read
v.
(名聲) ascribe a particular fact or characteristic to; consider; suppose

rescind: Read
v. Syn. cancel; annul; repeal
(取消) cancel; make void; repeal or annul

resent: Read
v. Syn. begrudge
(憤怒,怨恨) feel bitter; consider as injury or affront; be in angry

reserved: Read
a. Syn. silent
(有所保留的,說話不多的) held in reserve; kept back or set aside; marked by self-restraint and reticence

residual: Read
a. Syn. remaining; surplus
(剩餘的,殘留的) remaining as a residue; surplus

resolute: Read
a. Syn. firm; determined; decided
(堅定的,毅然的) firm, unyielding, or determined; having decided purpose

restless: Read
a.
(不安寧的,好動的) never resting; unquiet; uneasy; continually moving; eager for change; discontented

resume: Read
v.
(重新開始,繼續) give a summary; return to a previous location or condition

resurrection: Read
n.
(復活) rising again; resumption of vigor; act of rising from the dead or returning to life

retaliate: Read
v.
(報復,反擊) do something harmful or negative to get revenge for some harm; fight back or respond in kind to an injury or affront

reticent: Read
a.
(沉默不語的) inclined to keep silent; reserved; uncommunicative.

retract: Read
v. Syn. withdraw; recede
(撤回,撤退) withdraw; take back; draw back or in

retreat: Read
n. Syn. receding
(消退,退卻) receding; pull back or move away or backward; withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position

retrieve: Read
v. Syn. recover; regain
(重新得到,找回) recover; find and bring in; get back

reveal: Read
v. Syn. expose; uncover
(展現,揭露) make known; disclose or show

revere: Read
v. Syn. worship; venerate; honor
(尊崇,尊敬) worship; regard with feelings of respect or honor

revoke: Read
v. Syn. cancel; retract; void; annul
(撤回,取消) void or annul by recalling, withdrawing, or reversing; cancel; retract

riddle: Read
v. Syn. permeate; spread
(刺出無數窟窿,充斥,瀰漫,謎語,解謎) pierce with numerous holes; perforate; permeate or spread throughout

rigid: Read
a. Syn. stiff; strict
(剛硬的,不屈的) stiff and unyielding; strict; hard and unbending; not flexible

rigor: Read
n. Syn. severity
(嚴格,苛刻,精確) strictness or severity, as in temperament, action, or judgment; something hard to endure

rip: Read
v. Syn. tear; rend
(撕,撕裂) tear or be torn violently; criticize or abuse strongly and violently

ripe: Read
a. Syn. ready; mature
(熟的,成熟的) ready; fully developed; mature

risky: Read
a. Syn. hazardous; dangerous
(危險的,冒險的) involving risk or danger; hazardous

roam: Read
v. Syn. wander; ramble; stroll
(漫遊,漫步) wander; ramble; stroll

rotundity: Read
n.
(圓形,球狀,洪亮的演講) roundness; rounded fullness; integral entireness

rough: Read
a. Syn. coarse; harsh
(粗糙的,不平的) not perfected; having or caused by an irregular surface

route: Read
n. Syn. way
(路,路線,(經由某一路線)發送) way for travel or transportation

rudimentary: Read
a. Syn. elementary; crude; incipient
(原始的,最初的,原來的) relating to basic facts or principles; being in the earliest stages of development; incipient

rugged: Read
a. Syn. uneven; rough
(高低不平的,崎嶇的) uneven; rough; very difficult

rummage: Read
v. Syn. ransack
(到處翻尋) make an energetic, usually hasty search

rural: Read
a. Syn. country; rustic
(農村的,鄉下的,田園的) country; relating to rural areas

ruthless: Read
a. Syn. pitiless; cruel
(無情的) pitiless; cruel; having no compassion or pity; merciless

salvage: Read
v. Syn. rescue
(補救,搶救,打撈,營救) save from loss or destruction; rescue of a ship; save for further use

sanction: Read
v. Syn. approve; ratify
(批准,許可) give authorization or approval to something; penalize a state, especially for violating international law

sanctuary: Read
n. Syn. refuge; shelter; shrine
(避難所) place of refuge or asylum; shrine; holy place, such as a church, temple, or mosque

sanguine: Read
a. Syn. cheerful; hopeful; ruddy
(高興的,有希望的,樂天的) cheerfully confident; optimistic; of healthy reddish color; ruddy

saturate: Read
v. Syn. soak
(浸透) soak, fill, or load to capacity; cause to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance

scale: Read
v. Syn. ascend; weigh
(爬升,升高) climb up or over; alter according to a standard; estimate or measure; remove in layers

scan: Read
v. Syn. survey; scrutinize
(掃描,細看,審視) make a wide, sweeping search of; examine

scant: Read
a.
(不足的,缺乏的) scarcely sufficient; less than is wanted for the purpose; not enough

scarce: Read
a. Syn. rare; limited
(缺乏的,稀有的,罕見的) hard to find; absent or rare; limited

scatter: Read
v. Syn. sprinkle; disseminate; spread
(使分散,擴散) sprinkle; disseminate; cause to separate and go in different directions

scent: Read
n. Syn. odor; fragrance; perfume
(氣味,香味) distinctive odor that is pleasant; fragrance; perfume

scholarly: Read
a. Syn. academic; scientific
(學者氣質的,學術的) academic; scientific; characteristic of scholars or scholarship

scope: Read
n. Syn. range; extent; bound
(範圍,界限) range of one's perceptions, thoughts, or actions; extent; bound

scorch: Read
v.
(烤焦,燒焦) burn superficially; parch, or shrivel, the surface of, by heat; affect painfully with heat; burn

scorn: Read
n.
(輕蔑,瞧不起) extreme and lofty contempt; haughty disregard; expression of mockery, derision, contempt, or disdain

scrap: Read
n. Syn. piece; fragment
(廢料,殘餘物) small piece or bit; fragment; fragment; leftover bits of food; remnant

scribble: Read
v.
(亂寫,亂塗) write or draw carelessly and in a hurry; doodle; meaningless marks and lines

scrupulous: Read
a. Syn. conscientious; meticulous; cautious
(小心翼翼的,謹慎的) exactly and carefully conducted; by extreme care and great effort; cautious

scrutinize: Read
v.
(仔細檢查) examine closely and critically

seasoned: Read
a. Syn. experienced
(老練的) experienced, especially in terms of a profession or a hobby; aged or processed

secluded: Read
a.
(隱遁的,隔絕的) removed or remote from others; solitary; hidden or isolated

sedition: Read
n. Syn. insubordination
(抵抗當局,反抗,暴動) resistance to authority; insubordination or rebellion

seemly: Read
a. Syn. proper; appropriate
(適宜的,合適的) proper; appropriate; of pleasing appearance; handsome

sensational: Read
a. Syn. spectacular; exciting; exceptional
(極好的,絕妙的,引起轟動的) arousing or intended to arouse strong curiosity, interest, or reaction

sentinel: Read
n. Syn. sentry; lookout
(哨兵) one that keeps guard; soldier stationed as a guard

sequester: Read
v. Syn. isolate; segregate; seclude
(隱退,隔離) isolate; retire from public life; segregate; seclude

serene: Read
a.
(平靜的,安詳的) completely clear and fine

sever: Read
v. Syn. cut; separate
(切斷) cut off from a whole; set or keep apart; divide or separate

severe: Read
a. Syn. sedate; grave; austere
(嚴厲的,嚴格的,難熬的,困難的,艱難的) serious in feeling or manner; not light, lively, or cheerful

shabby: Read
a.
(破爛的,卑鄙的) torn or worn to rage; poor; mean; ragged

shatter: Read
v. Syn. destroy; break up
(使粉碎,破碎) destroy; break up; break into many pieces

sheer: Read
a. Syn. absolute; pure
(純粹的,,絕對的,透明的,峻峭的) very thin or transparent; very steep; absolute or pure

shimmer: Read
v. Syn. flash
(微光) shine with a weak or fitful light; glimmer intermittently

shiver: Read
v.
((由於冷或恐懼)打冷戰,發抖,打得粉碎) shake with or as if with cold; tremble; break into fragments or splinters

shred: Read
n.
(切成細條,撕成碎片) a small amount; a long, narrow piece cut or torn off; long irregular strip that is cut or torn off

shrewd: Read
a. Syn. clever; astute
(精明,敏銳) clever; characterized by keen awareness, sharp intelligence

shrill: Read
a.
(尖銳的,剌耳的) acute; sharp; piercing; having or emitting a sharp, piercing tone or sound

shrink: Read
v. Syn. contract; compress
(收縮,縮小) become smaller or draw together; compress

shun: Read
v. Syn. escape; avoid
(避免) avoid deliberately; keep away from

shy: Read
a. Syn. timid; bashful
(害羞的,膽小的) timid; bashful; easily startled; distrustful

significant: Read
a. Syn. noteworthy; important
(有意義的,重要的,重大的) fairly large; important in effect or meaning

signify: Read
v. Syn. denote; mean; indicate
(表示,意味) denote; mean; indicate

simulate: Read
v. Syn. feign; imitate
(模仿,冒充) make a pretence of; reproduce someone's behavior or looks

simultaneous: Read
a.
(同時發生的) existing, happening, or done at the same time

singular: Read
a. Syn. unique; extraordinary; odd
(奇的,獨一無二的) unique; extraordinary; being only one

sip: Read
v.
(啜飲) drink or imbibe in small quantities; take in with lips in small quantities, as liquid; draw into the mouth; suck up

skeptical: Read
a.
(懷疑的,不相信的) marked by or given to doubt; questioning

sketch: Read
v. Syn. outline; draft
(草圖,素描) draw or describe briefly; give the main points; summary of

sketchy: Read
a.
(概略的,粗略的) containing only an outline or rough form; being in the manner of a sketch; incomplete

slack: Read
n.
(鬆弛的(繩子或鐵絲),不牢固的,脆弱的,煤屑,煤渣) area of still water; lack of tension; cord, rope, or cable that is hanging loosely; unused capacity; casual trousers

slander: Read
n. Syn. defamation
(誹謗) defamation; false and malicious statement or report about someone

slender: Read
a. Syn. slim; thin
(苗條的,纖細的,微少的) having little width in proportion to height or length; long and thin

slim: Read
a.
(苗條的,微小的,,減輕體重) small in quantity; being of delicate or slender build

sluggish: Read
a. Syn. slow; lazy
(行動遲緩的) lazy; with little movement; very slow

smolder: Read
v.
(悶燒,隨時準備爆發) burn without flame; be liable to break out at any moment

snare: Read
n.
(羅網,陷井) trap; gin; anything by which one is entangled and brought into trouble

soak: Read
v.
(浸泡,滲透) cause or suffer to lie in a fluid; absorb; drain; drink intemperately or gluttonously

sojourn: Read
n.
(逗留) temporary stay; brief period of residence; place of temporary stay

solace: Read
n. Syn. consolation
(安慰) comfort or relieve in sorrow, misfortune, or distress

solicit: Read
v. Syn. seek
(懇求) request earnestly; seek to obtain by persuasion or formal application

somber: Read
a. Syn. gloomy; dark
(陰森的,昏暗的,抑鬱的) gloomy; depressing or grave; dull or dark in color

sophisticated: Read
a. Syn. complex; complicated
(世故的,複雜的) wide-ranging knowledge; complex; intellectually appealing

sophistry: Read
n.
(似真實假的) argument for exercise merely; plausible but misleading argument; art or process of reasoning; logic

sort: Read
n.
(種類,分類) kind or species; a class of;

sound: Read
n.
(完好的,健全的,堅實的) sensation perceived by the ear; distinctive noise; long narrow inlet

sovereign: Read
a. Syn. excellent; independent
(君主的,至高無上的) having supreme rank or power; self governing; excellent; independent

span: Read
n. Syn. duration; distance
(跨度,一段時間) duration; distance; cover; extent or measure of space between two points

spartan: Read
a.
(剛毅的,樸素的,紀律嚴格的,斯巴達的) avoiding luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined

spawn: Read
v. Syn. generate; breed
(孵化,下蛋) lay eggs; produce offspring in large numbers

specific: Read
a. Syn. particular; definite
(具體的,特指的) stated explicitly or in detail; definite

specimen: Read
n. Syn. model; sample
(標本,樣品) model; sample; an example regarded as typical of its class

spectacular: Read
a. Syn. fascinating; grand
(引人入勝的,壯觀的) impressive or sensational; lavishly produced performance; grand

spell: Read
v.
(拼寫,累計,表示) name or write in order the letters constituting; add up to; signify

spin: Read
v. Syn. whirl
(紡紗,紡線,快速旋轉,迴旋) turn round rapidly; move round rapidly; move swiftly

splash: Read
v.
(濺,潑) cause fluid to scatter in flying masses; strike and dash about, as water, mud

splendid: Read
a. Syn. magnificent; brilliant
(壯觀的,極好的) shining; very bright; magnificent; brilliant

splice: Read
v. Syn. unite
(綁定的,聯合的) fasten together; join at the ends; join by interweaving strands

spoil: Read
v. Syn. mar; rot; decay
(損壞,腐爛) go bad; rot; decay; become unfit for consumption or use

sporadic: Read
a.
(零星的) occurring at irregular intervals; having no pattern or order in time

spot: Read
n. Syn. location; place; site
(地點,場所) location; place; site; pinpoint; mark to allow easy recognition

spouse: Read
n.
(夫,妻,配偶的一方) man or woman engaged or joined in wedlock; married person, husband or wife

sprout: Read
v. Syn. germinate
(長出,萌芽) have new growth of a plant such as a new branch or a bud; shoot up

spur: Read
v. Syn. stimulate; urge
(踢馬刺) urge a horse; incite or stimulate; ride quickly by spurring a horse; proceed in haste

spurious: Read
a. Syn. false; counterfeit; forged; illogical
(偽造的,欺騙的) false; counterfeit; forged; illogical

squander: Read
v. Syn. waste
(浪費) spend wastefully; fail to take advantage of; lose a chance for

stable: Read
a. Syn. fixed; steadfast; constant
(穩定的,相對固定的) not easily moved or disturbed

stagnant: Read
a. Syn. motionless; stale; dull
(靜止的,單調的) not moving or flowing; lacking vitality or briskness; stale; dull

stain: Read
n. Syn. blemish; flaw
(污點,瑕疵) soiled or discolored; symbol of disgrace or infamy; natural spot of a color different from the gound

stale: Read
a.
(不新鮮的,陳腐的) having lost freshness; lacking originality or spontaneity

stall: Read
n.
(小隔間,小隔欄,售貨攤,教堂裡的座位) small area set off by walls for special use; booth

stately: Read
a. Syn. majestic; palatial; dignified
(莊嚴的,堂皇的) majestic; impressive, as in size or proportions

stationary: Read
a. Syn. fixed; immobile; static
(固定的,靜止的) fixed; immobile; static; not capable of being moved

steep: Read
v. Syn. soak; saturate
(浸泡,弄濕,陡坡,懸崖) soak; make thoroughly wet

stern: Read
a. Syn. severe; relentless
(嚴格的,嚴重的) hard, harsh, or severe in manner or character; firm or unyielding

stoic: Read
a. Syn. impassive
(高度自製者,堅忍克己之人) indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain

stout: Read
a. Syn. sturdy; stocky
(結實的,勇敢堅定的) dependable; stocky; euphemisms for fat

strenuous: Read
a.
(費力的,精力充沛的) arduous; intense; performed with much energy or force;

stretch: Read
v. Syn. extend
(伸展,伸長) extend; pull in opposite directions; lie down comfortably

strife: Read
n.
(紛爭,傾軋) act of striving; earnest endeavor; exertion or contention for superiority; contest of emulation, either by intellectual or physical efforts

strive: Read
v. Syn. endeavor; struggle
(努力,奮鬥,力求) endeavor; struggle or fight forcefully; exert much effort or energy

stubborn: Read
a. Syn. headstrong; obstinate; tenacious
(頑固的,固執的) unreasonably, often perversely unyielding; persistent; difficult to treat

stumble: Read
v. Syn. fall
(絆倒) miss a step and fall or nearly fall; walk unsteadily

stun: Read
v. Syn. amaze; shock
(使暈倒,打暈,使震驚) surprise greatly; amaze; make senseless or dizzy by or as if by a blow

stupendous: Read
a.
(巨大的,大得驚人的) astonishing; wonderful; amazing, especially, astonishing in magnitude or elevation

sturdy: Read
a. Syn. robust; strong; substantial; firm
((人)強健的,結實的,(物)穩固的) robust; strong; substantially made or constructed

sublime: Read
a. Syn. utter; supreme; impressive
(莊嚴的,崇高的,壯觀的) of high spiritual, moral, or intellectual worth; characterized by nobility; majestic

submerge: Read
v. Syn. sink; immerse
((使)沉沒,淹沒) sink; immerse; put under water

subsequent: Read
a. Syn. following
(後來的,接下來的) following in time or order; succeeding; later

subside: Read
v. Syn. appease; mitigate
(下沉,平息,減退) settle down; sink to a lower level or form depression; wear off or die down

subsidiary: Read
a. Syn. subordinate; secondary
(次要的,輔助的) subordinate; secondary; serving to assist or supplement

substantial: Read
a. Syn. solid; strong; material
(堅實的,充實的) fairly large; in essentials; material; true or real; not imaginary; solidly built

subterranean: Read
a. Syn. hidden; secret; underground
(地下的,) hidden; secret; situated or operating beneath the earth's surface; underground

subtle: Read
a. Syn. slight; delicate
(微妙的,細微的) slight; be difficult to detect or grasp by the mind

succumb: Read
v. Syn. yield; die
(屈服,屈從,死) submit to an overpowering force; yield to an overwhelming desire; give up or give in

sullen: Read
a.
(憂鬱的,不高興的) lonely; solitary; desolate; gloomy; dismal; affected with ill humor

summit: Read
n. Syn. peak; acme; zenith
(巔峰,頂點) utmost height; highest point of a mountain

sundry: Read
a.
(各式各樣,各種的) various; miscellaneous; separate; distinct; diverse

superb: Read
a. Syn. excellent; wonderful
(質量極高的,極好的,威嚴的) of unusually high quality; excellent; wonderful

superficial: Read
a. Syn. trivial
(膚淺的,淺薄的) trivial; of little substance; involving a surface only

supplant: Read
v. Syn. replace; usurp
(篡位,取代) replace; usurp; displace and substitute for another

supple: Read
a. Syn. flexible; pliant
(柔順的,順從的,柔韌的) flexible; moving and bending with ease

supplicate: Read
v. Syn. beseech
(懇求,祈禱) ask for humbly or earnestly, as by praying; make humble, earnest petition; beg

surfeit: Read
v.
(飲食過度,噁心) eat until excessively full; be more than full; feed someone to excess

surge: Read
n. Syn. outburst; eruption
(洶湧,澎湃,噴發) outburst; roll or be tossed about on waves, as a boat

surly: Read
a. Syn. rude; ominous; gloomy; dismal
(粗暴的,陰沉的,板著臉的,無禮的) rude; sullenly ill humored; gloomy; threatening, as of weather conditions

surmise: Read
v. Syn. guess
(猜測) guess; infer something without sufficiently conclusive evidence

surpass: Read
v. Syn. exceed
(超越) be or go beyond, as in degree or quality; exceed

susceptible: Read
a. Syn. impressionable
(易受影響的,易感動的,易患病的) easily influenced; having little resistance, as to a disease; receptive to

suspend: Read
v. Syn. hang; append
(吊,懸掛) hang freely; postpone; delay

sway: Read
v. Syn. swing
(搖擺,搖動) swing; move back and forth or sideways; win approval or support for; convince

sweeping: Read
a. Syn. extensive; comprehensive
(徹底的,廣泛的) extensive; having wide-ranging influence or effect:

swift: Read
a. Syn. quick; rapid; nimble
(迅速的,敏捷的) quick; moving or capable of moving with great speed

synthesize: Read
v. Syn. integrate; compose; combine
(綜合,合成) integrate; compose; combine so as to form a new, complex product

taciturn: Read
a. Syn. silent
(沉默寡言的) silent or reserved in speech; saying little; not inclined to speak or converse

tact: Read
n.
(敏銳,機智,圓滑) sense of touch; feeling; stroke in beating time; sensitive mental touch; peculiar skill or faculty

tactic: Read
n. Syn. tactical
((達到目的)手段,戰術) plan for attaining a particular goal; action calculated to achieve some end

taint: Read
v. Syn. contaminate; corrupt
(污染,感染,污點) contaminate; cause to lose purity; affect with or as if with a disease; corrupt morally

tame: Read
a.
(馴服的,沒精打采的,枯燥無味的) domesticated; very restrained or quiet; make less strong or intense; soften

tamper: Read
v.
(竄改,玩弄) interfere in a harmful manner; alter improperly

tangle: Read
n.
(被糾纏,纏結,亂成一團) uniting or knitting together confusedly; knot of threads, or other thing, united confusedly, or so interwoven as not to be easily disengaged

tantalize: Read
v. Syn. tease
(逗弄,使其乾著急) tease; torture with disappointment; bait someone by showing something desirable but leaving them unsatisfied

tantamount: Read
a.
(同等的) equivalent in effect or value

tardy: Read
a. Syn. late; delayed; slow
(遲到的,緩慢的) late; delayed; moving slowly

tarnish: Read
v. Syn. discoloration; stain
(晦暗,污點) make dirty or spotty; stain; dull the luster of; discolor, especially by exposure to air or dirt

tart: Read
n.
(水果派,酸的,尖酸的) a species of small open pie, or piece of pastry, containing jelly or conserve; a sort of fruit pie

taunt: Read
v.
(嘲笑,譏笑) reproach in a mocking, insulting, or contemptuous manner; make fun of , often in an aggressive manner

tautology: Read
n.
(同義反复) unnecessary repetition, especially for same sense in different words ; redundancy

tawdry: Read
a. Syn. gaudy
(俗麗的,便宜且華而不實) cheap in nature or appearance; tastelessly showy; shameful or indecent

tease: Read
v.
(梳理(羊毛,棉麻等)) tear into pieces; raise the fibers of

tedious: Read
a. Syn. boring; wearisome
(令人厭倦的) tiresome by reason of length, slowness, or dullness; progressing very slowly

temperate: Read
a. Syn. restrained
(節制的,自我控制的) restrained; self-controlled; moderate in degree or quality

tempting: Read
a. Syn. attractive; alluring; appealing
(誘惑人的) attractive; appealing

tender: Read
v. Syn. offer; extend
(提供,擴充) offer formally; extend; propose a payment

tenor: Read
n.
(男高音,要點,要旨) continuous, unwavering course; exact meaning or actual wording of a document

tentative: Read
a. Syn. hesitant; experimental
(試探性的,嘗試的,暫時的,) hesitant; not fully worked out or developed; experimental; not definite or positive

tepid: Read
a. Syn. lukewarm
(冷淡的,微熱的) moderately warm; lacking in emotional warmth or enthusiasm; halfhearted

tether: Read
v.
(用繩子綁,範圍) tie with rope; fasten or restrict with rope or chain

thaw: Read
v. Syn. melt; defrost
(解凍) melt, such as snow and ice; defrost; warm weather following a freeze

thermal: Read
a.
(熱的,熱學的) relating to or caused by heat; designed to help retain heat

thorough: Read
a. Syn. profound; complete
(完全的,徹底的) accurate or careful; complete

thrifty: Read
a. Syn. economical
(節省的,摳包的) careful about money; economical

thrive: Read
v. Syn. prosper; flourish
(繁榮,昌盛) make steady progress; prosper; flourish

thwart: Read
v. Syn. frustrate
(阻礙,挫敗) hinder or prevent of ; frustrate

tilt: Read
n. Syn. slant; lean
(傾斜) slight but noticeable partiality; line or surface that departs from the vertical

timid: Read
a. Syn. shy; craven
(膽怯的,羞怯的) shy; craven; lacking self-confidence; shy

tint: Read
n. Syn. tinge; color
(色彩) color; dye with a color

toil: Read
n.
(辛苦,辛勤勞作) exhausting labor or effort; any thread, web, or string spread for taking prey

tolerant: Read
a. Syn. permissive; open-minded; easy-going
(容忍的,寬容的) showing respect for the rights of others; open-minded; showing capacity for endurance

torpid: Read
a.
(懶散的,死氣沉沉的) having lost motion, or the power of exertion and feeling; numb; benumbed

torrent: Read
n. Syn. flood
(急流,洪水) rushing stream; flood; heavy downpour

torture: Read
n.
(酷刑,折磨) extreme pain; anguish of body or mind

toupee: Read
n.
(男用假髮) partial wig or hairpiece worn to cover a bald spot

tow: Read
v. Syn. pull; drag
(拖引,牽引) draw or pull behind by a chain or line

towering: Read
a. Syn. lofty; high; outstanding
(高聳的,傑出的) high; outstanding; very great or intense

toxic: Read
a. Syn. poisonous
(有毒的) poisonous; caused by a toxin or other poison

trait: Read
n. Syn. quality; attribute; characteristic
(特徵,特性) quality; attribute; distinguishing feature; slight degree or amount

trajectory: Read
n. Syn. path
(彈道,軌跡,拋物線) path of other moving body through space; chosen or taken course

tranquility: Read
n.
(寧靜,安靜) a state of peace and quiet

transmute: Read
v. Syn. convert; transform
(改變) change from one form, nature, substance, or state into another; transform

transparent: Read
a. Syn. airy; obvious
(透明的,容易檢測的,明晰的) easily detected; permitting light to pass through freely

transpose: Read
v.
(改變順序,互換位置,〈音〉變調,移調) substitute one for the other of; reverse or transfer order or place of; interchange

traverse: Read
v.
(穿過) go through or across, often under difficult conditions

treacherous: Read
a. Syn. dangerous; risky
(不可靠的,有暗藏的危險的) dangerous; dangerously unstable and unpredictable; disloyal; tending to betray

tremendous: Read
a. Syn. huge; enormous; gigantic; terrible
(巨大的,驚人的) huge; capable of making one tremble; terrible

tremor: Read
n. Syn. trembling
(振動的) shaking or vibrating movement; slight quiver

trepidation: Read
n. Syn. fear; apprehension
(懼怕) state of alarm or dread; nervous apprehension; involuntary trembling or quivering

tribunal: Read
n.
(法庭,裁判所) seat of a judge; bench on which a judge and his associates sit for administering justice; court or forum

trickle: Read
v. Syn. dribble; drip
(滴,細流) flow in drops; run or flow slowly; drip

trigger: Read
v. Syn. initiate; start
(引起,觸發,扳機) cause something happen; set off

triumph: Read
n. Syn. victory
(勝利) victory; win; expressing great joy

trivial: Read
a. Syn. unimportant; trifling; commonplace
(不重要的) unimportant; of little significance or value; ordinary; commonplace

tug: Read
v.
(用力拉,使勁拖,拖拉,拖船) pull or draw with great effort; draw along with continued exertion; haul along; tow

tumble: Read
v.
(翻滾,翻落) fall down, as if collapsing

turbulent: Read
a. Syn. violent; tempestuous; furious
(吵鬧的,狂暴的) characterized by unrest or disorder

turmoil: Read
n. Syn. commotion
(騷動,混亂) state of extreme confusion or agitation; commotion or tumult

twinkle: Read
v.
(閃爍,閃耀,閃閃發光) open and shut the eye rapidly; blink; wink

tyro: Read
n. Syn. beginner; novice
(新手) beginner in learning something; novice

ultimate: Read
a. Syn. final; fundamental; extreme
(終極的) final; being the last or concluding; fundamental; elemental; extreme

unbearable: Read
a. Syn. unendurable; intolerable
(無法忍受的,承受不住的) unendurable; so unpleasant, distasteful, or painful as to be intolerable

uncanny: Read
a. Syn. strange; mysterious; eerie; weird
(離奇的) strange; mysterious; peculiarly unsettling, as if of supernatural origin or nature

uncouth: Read
a.
(笨拙的,粗俗的) lacking refinement or cultivation or taste

undergo: Read
v. Syn. experience; suffer
(經歷,遭受) experience; suffer; pass through

underlying: Read
a. Syn. fundamental; implicit
(根本的,在下面的,潛在的) lying under or beneath something; basic; implicit; taking precedence; prior

underscore: Read
v. Syn. emphasize
(強調) draw a mark or line under; emphasize; stress

undertake: Read
v. Syn. embark; assume
(從事,承擔) take on; embark on; assume

ungainly: Read
a. Syn. awkward
(糟糕的,笨拙的) awkward; lacking grace in movement or posture

uniform: Read
n.
(制服) consistent; standardized; clothing of a particular group

unilateral: Read
a.
(單方面的,單邊的) being on one side only; affecting but one side; one-sided.

unique: Read
a. Syn. alone; single; sole
(獨一無二的) without an equal; being the only one of its kind

universal: Read
a. Syn. comprehensive; general; worldwide
(通用的) affecting all; general; present everywhere; relating to the entire world or all within the world; worldwide

unruly: Read
a. Syn. disobedient; lawless
(不服從的,倔強的) difficult or impossible to discipline, control, or rule; not according to rule; irregularly

unscathed: Read
a. Syn. unharmed
(沒有受傷的) not harmed or damaged in any way; untouched

upheaval: Read
n. Syn. disturbance; outburst
(劇變) violent disturbance; sudden, violent disruption or upset

uphold: Read
v. Syn. support; preserve; maintain
(維護,支持) support; preserve; hold aloft; raise

upkeep: Read
n.
(保養,保養費) act of keeping up, or maintaining; maintenance

uptight: Read
a.
(焦慮不安的,緊張的) being in a tense state; excessively concerned with rules and order

urge: Read
v. Syn. entreat; advocate
(催促,力勸,懇求) force in an indicated direction; stimulate; excite

urgent: Read
a. Syn. pressing; compelling; immediate
(緊急的,迫切的) pressing; compelling immediate action or attention

usurp: Read
v. Syn. appropriate
(篡取) seize and hold power or rights of another by force or without legal authority

utensil: Read
n.
(用具,器具) instrument, implement, or container for practical use, especially in kitchen or laboratory

utter: Read
v. Syn. speak; express
(做聲,發表) speak; express; send forth with the voice

vacant: Read
a. Syn. empty; uninhabited
(空的,未被佔用的) void of thought or knowledge; without an occupant or incumbent

vacuous: Read
a. Syn. empty; inane
(空虛的,空的) empty; showing lack of thought or intelligence; vacant

vague: Read
a. Syn. imprecise; obscure; indistinct
(模糊的,含糊的) imprecise; indistinct; not clearly expressed; inexplicit

vain: Read
a.
(無用的,無結果的,枉然) having no real substance, value, or importance; empty; void; worthless; unsatisfying

valedictory: Read
a.
(告別的) of speech given in farewell, especially one delivered by an outstanding member of graduating class

valiant: Read
a.
(勇敢的,英勇的) vigorous in body; strong; powerful; performed with valor or bravery; heroic

valid: Read
a. Syn. sound; true
(正當的,有效的) logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; well grounded

vanguard: Read
n. Syn. forerunner
(先驅,先鋒) advance forces; leading units at front of army or fleet; persons at forefront of any group or movement

vanish: Read
v. Syn. disappear
(消失,滅絕) disappear; pass out of sight, especially quickly; die out

vanity: Read
n.
(虛榮,自負) quality or state of being vain; emptiness; feelings of excessive pride; conceit

variable: Read
n. Syn. factor
(變數,變量) factor; something that is likely to vary; changeable; inconstant

variation: Read
n. Syn. change; selection; deviation
(變異,變種) act of changing or altering

vast: Read
a. Syn. large; broad; extensive
(巨大的,大量的,範圍廣的) large; broad; extensive; very great in size, number, amount, or quantity

vein: Read
n.
(血管,靜脈,木紋,礦脈,岩脈) blood vessel that carries blood

venerate: Read
v.
(崇敬) treat with great respect and deference; consider hallowed or be in awe of

venomous: Read
a. Syn. poisonous; noxious
(有毒的) poisonous; secreting and transmitting venom; marked by deep ill will; deliberately harmful

venturesome: Read
a. Syn. bold
(冒險的) willing to try new things and take risks; bold

venue: Read
n. Syn. place; locality
(地點,會場,任何事件的場所) scene of any event or action; locality where a crime is committed or a cause of action occurs

verbose: Read
a. Syn. wordy
(冗長的) wordy; using or containing a great and usually an excessive number of words

verge: Read
n. Syn. border; edge
(邊界) extreme edge or margin; border; enclosing boundary; space enclosed by such a boundary

verify: Read
v. Syn. confirm; prove
(證明,證實) confirm; prove the truth of by presentation of evidence or testimony

versatile: Read
a. Syn. flexible; pliable
(萬能的,通用的,多面手的) having many talents; capable of working in many fields

vessel: Read
n. Syn. craft; ship
(船,液體容器) craft; ship; container for liquids

vex: Read
v. Syn. annoy; distress
(激怒,惹惱) annoy; disturb, especially by minor irritations; be a mystery or bewildering to

viable: Read
a. Syn. feasible; practicable
(能養活的,可行的) practical or workable; capable of maintaining life; capable of continuing effectiveness

vicinity: Read
n.
(附近,接近) state of being near in space or relationship; proximity

vie: Read
v. Syn. contend; compete; rival
(競爭) strive for victory or superiority; contend; compete

vigilance: Read
n. Syn. watchfulness; alertness; caution
(警惕) watchfulness; wakefulness; process of paying close and continuous attention

vigorous: Read
a. Syn. robust; strong; energetic
(健壯的,精力旺盛的,有力的) robust; strong; energetic, and active in mind or body

vindicate: Read
v. Syn. exonerate
(辯護,維護) clear from blame; exonerate; maintain, uphold, or defend

visceral: Read
a.
(內臟的) felt in one's inner organs; obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation

vital: Read
a. Syn. critical; animated
(重要的,生命的,生機的) full of life; animated; necessary to continued existence; living or breathing

vivid: Read
a. Syn. bright; lively
((光線,色彩)鮮豔的,強烈的) bright; lively; graphic; having striking color

vogue: Read
n.
(時尚) popular fashion; current state or style of general acceptance and use

volatile: Read
a. Syn. changeable; explosive; fickle
(揮發的,飛行的,可變的,爆炸的) tending to vary often or widely, as in price; inconstant or fickle; tending to violence

voluptuous: Read
a.
(令人滿足的) giving pleasure or satisfaction of the senses; having strong sexual appeal

vomit: Read
v.
(嘔吐,吐出,噴出) throw up; eject from stomach through mouth; disgorge

vow: Read
n. Syn. promise
(誓言,誓約,許願,立誓出家修行,發誓,立誓,許願) solemn promise made to God; promise of fidelity; pledge of love or affection

vulnerable: Read
a. Syn. defenseless; susceptible
(易受攻擊的) susceptible to wounds; capable of being wounded or hurt

wade: Read
v. Syn. paddle
(涉水,費力行走) paddle; walk through relatively shallow water

wag: Read
v.
((狗尾巴等)擺動) move one way and the other with quick turns; shake to and fro; move in vibrating; cause to vibrate

wage: Read
v.
(工資,進行,開展,發起) hazard on the event of a contest; stake; engage in, as a contest; adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; hire; employ

wail: Read
v.
(哀號,痛哭) grieve or protest loudly and bitterly; express sorrow by a mournful vocal sound; moan; cry

walkout: Read
n. Syn. strike
(罷工) strike; act of leaving or quitting a meeting, company, or organization, especially as a sign of protest

wan: Read
a. Syn. pallid
(蒼白的) having a pale or sickly color; unnaturally pale, as from physical or emotional distress

wander: Read
v.
(漫遊,漫步,漂泊) move about without a definite destination or purpose; range about; stroll; go away; depart

wane: Read
v. Syn. decline; dwindle
(減少,變弱) decrease in size or strength; draw gradually to an end

ward: Read
n.
(衛士,保護人,城區,(醫院的)病區) guard; defender; protector; state under guard; division of a county; division of a hospital

ware: Read
n.
(製品,器具) articles of merchandise; style or class of manufactures; especially, in the plural, goods; commodities; merchandise

warp: Read
n.
(包紮,翹起,彎曲) rope used in moving a vessel, usually with one end attached to an anchor or other fixed object; towing line; state of being twisted or bent out of shape

wary: Read
a. Syn. cautious
(機警的,小心的) very cautious; on guard; watchful

waxy: Read
a. Syn. pallid; smooth
(蒼白的,光滑的) paleness; smooth and lustrous; consisting of, abounding in, or covered with wax

weary: Read
a. Syn. tired; exhausted; fatigued
(疲倦的,厭倦的) tired; exhausted; physically or mentally fatigued

wholesome: Read
a. Syn. healthful; beneficial
(有益健康的) conducive to sound health or well-being; beneficial

wicked: Read
a. Syn. sinful; immoral; profligate
(非常壞的,險惡的,絕妙的) evil in principle or practice; contrary to moral or divine law; addicted to vice or sin

widespread: Read
a.
(流傳甚廣的,分佈廣的) spread or scattered over a considerable extent; occurring or accepted widely

wile: Read
n.
(詭計,花言巧語) trick or stratagem practiced for deception

wily: Read
a. Syn. cunning; artful
(狡猾的) cunning; full of tricks; skill in deception

winsome: Read
a. Syn. agreeable; gracious; engaging
(迷人的) agreeable; gracious; charming, often in childlike or naive way

withdraw: Read
v. Syn. retreat; depart
(撤退) remove from; pull back; break from gathering; retreat; depart

wither: Read
v. Syn. shrivel; decay
(凋謝,枯萎) shrivel; decay; lose freshness, vigor, or vitality; loss of moisture

withhold: Read
v. Syn. keep; restrain
(拒給,保留) refuse to give; refrain from giving, granting, or permitting; deduct from employee's salary

withstand: Read
v. Syn. oppose
(抵抗,經受住) stand up against; successfully resist; oppose with force or resolution

woe: Read
n. Syn. affliction; regret
(悲哀的) deep, inconsolable grief; affliction; suffering; deep distress or misery, as from grief

wrinkle: Read
n. Syn. furrow; crease
(小困難,皺紋,褶皺) a minor difficulty; a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface

yearn: Read
v.
(盼望,渴望) pain; grieve; vex; be pained or distressed; feel deep pity, sympathy, or tenderness

yield: Read
v. Syn. surrender; concede
(屈服,放棄) give in; surrender; give forth a natural product; be productive

zealous: Read
a. Syn. enthusiastic; fervent
(熱心的,狂熱的) enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zeal

zenith: Read
n. Syn. summit
(頂點) point directly overhead in sky; summit

zone: Read
n. Syn. region; district
(區域,地帶) region; portion of the surface of a sphere;