By Mike H. Snow

TOEFL Reading Practice Online

1. TOEFL iBT Reading Contents
Reading articles are usually excerpts of the college-level textbook content. Make no changes in them because TOEFL is for students who have to read English academic articles.

The articles selected according to the purpose of authors are divided into three categories:
  • Exposition
  • Argumentation
  • History
The four structures of the selected articles:
  • Classification
  • Comparison / Contrast
  • Cause / Effect
  • Problem / Solution
2. TOEFL iBT Reading Question Types
Directly speaking, the questions are in 2 categories and ten types at TOEFL IBT reading section.

Basic information and inference questions (Type 1- Type 8)
Each question in Type 1 to Type 8 has one score, and generally, there are 42 scores in the reading section. Finally, the score will be converted by a 30-point scale according to the error rate.

Type 1: Factual Information Questions (3-6)
The questions usually include facts, details, and definitions, not examine the full text of theme.

Tips:
  • back to the original context
  • removed contrary options
  • not select just because an answer occurs in context
Type 2: Negative Factual Information Questions (0-2)
The questions need you decide something is true or not by full text.

Tips:
  • Read more than Type 1 questions, because the right option relies on more than one sentence.
  • The answer may contrary to context or never appear.
  • Ensure you understand the question itself.
Type 3: Inference Questions (0-2)
The questions are implied in context, no direct expressions in words.

Tips:
  • Selected option should not conflict with the full-text idea.
  • Be cautious for apparently true or easy options; the right one usually is implied.
  • You should have precise details to prove the answer.
Type 4: Rhetorical purpose Questions (0-2)
The questions are to test particular expressions and why the writers referred to them in context.

Tips:
  • Understand some commonly rhetorical word or phrase: definition, example, to illustrate, to explain.
  • This topic does not involved with the full-text structure, and focus on the logical connections between sentences, paragraph.
Type 5: Vocabulary Questions (3-5)
The questions examine whether the candidates understand the meaning of a word in the context.

Tips:
  • Do not forget the question not to ask the meaning of the word itself, but the word in a specific sentence.
  • Reread the paragraph or sentence, to see whether your answer is still reasonable.
Type 6: Reference Questions (0-2)
The questions are about sentence structure and grammar.

Tips:
  • Singular and plural of the selected answer should be consistent with the pronouns.
  • Reread the paragraph or sentence, check whether it is still in the right grammar.
Type 7: Sentence simplification Questions (0-1)
The questions ask to choose a simple sentence to reflect the primary meaning of the original sentence.

Tips:
  • Eliminate wrong options in two ways: any critical information is missed or conflict with the original sentence.
  • Confirm your choice has no argument conflict in context.
Type 8: Insert Text Questions (0-1)
The questions ask to place given sentences into four blanks in the original context by understanding of article and syntax.

Tips:
  • Each blank you should try.
  • Analyze its structure and logic, especially the words related to logical convergence.
  • Notice conjunctions: on the other hand, for example, on the contrary, similarly, in contrast, further (or furthermore), therefore, in other words, as a result, finally.
  • Ensure your option is logically smooth.
Reading to Learn Questions
This category has 2 types, but commonly only 1 question in this category per paper. It has the largest score.

Type 9: Prose Summary Questions
The questions request to figure out essential arguments from full text. Usually, you select three answers from 6 options without order.
  • 0 or 1 correct: 0 score
  • 2 correct: 1 score
  • 3 correct: 2 score
Type 10: Fill in a table Questions
The questions test the ability to catch up concepts and core of full text. The forms possibly show in four kinds:
  • 2 columns for 5 correct options
  • 3 columns for 5 correct options
  • 2 columns for 7 correct options
  • 3 columns for 7 correct options
Five correct options form has 3 score:
  • 0 to 2 correct: 0 score
  • 3 correct: 1 score
  • 4 correct: 2 score
  • 5 correct: 3 score
Seven correct options form has 4 score:
  • 0 to 3 correct: 0 score
  • 4 or 5 correct: 1 score
  • 6 correct: 3 score
  • 7 correct: 4 score